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CONTENTS

1. SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS 1.1-


1.1 Introduction
1.2 R-S Flip-Flop
1.2.1 RS Flip-Flop Using Transistor
1.2.2 RS Flip-Flop Using NOR Gates
1.2.3 RS Flip-Flop Using NAND Gates
1.3 Clocked R-S Flip-Flop
1.4 D Flip-Flop
1.5 Edge Triggered D Flip-Flops
1.5.1 Preset and Clear
1.6 JK Flip-Flops
1.7 Race Around Condition (Racing)
1.8 JK Master-Slave Flip-Flop
1.9 Operating Characteristics of Flip-Flop
1.10 7475 Four-Bit Latches
1.11 7474 Dual D Flip-Flop
1.12 7476 Dual J-K Flip-Flop
Questions
2. SHIFT REGISTERS 2.1-
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Types of Shift Registers
2.3 Serial In-Serial Out (SISO) Shift Register
2.3.1 Right Shift Operation
2.3.2 Left Shift Operation
2.4 Serial In-Parallel Out (SIPO) Shift Register
2.5 Parallel In-Serial Out (PISO) Shift Register
2.6 Parallel In-Parallel Out (PIPO) Shift Register
Questions.
3. COUNTERS 3.1-

3.1 Introduction
3.2 Classification of Counters
3.3 Asynchronous (ripple/serial) Counters
3.3.1 3-Bit Asynchronous Counter (binary ripple counter)
3.3.2 4-Bit Binary Counter (asynchronous counter)
3.3.3 Asynchronous Decade Counter
3.4 Synchronous Counter (parallel)
3.4.1 3-Bit Synchronous Counter
3.4.2 4-Bit Synchronous Counter
3.4.3 Synchronous Decade Counter
3.5 Ring Counter
3.6 Up/Down Counter
3.7 Study of IC’s
3.7.1 IC-7493 Asynchronous 4-Bit Binary Counter
3.7.2 IC-7490 Synchronous Decade Counter
3.7.3 Divide by Twelve Counter
Questions.
4. COUNTERS 4.1-
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Digital to Analog Converter (DAC)
4.3 Binary Weighted Resistor Network
4.3.1 Disadvantages
4.4 R-2R Ladder Method
4.5 DAC Specifications/Performance Characteristics
4.5.1 Accuracy
4.5.2 Resolution
4.5.3 Settling Time
4.6 Analog to Digital Converters (ADC)
4.6.1 Successive Approximation Method
4.6.2 Dual Slope Conversion Method
4.7 Study of IC’s
4.7.1 DAC-0808
4.7.2 ADC-0804
Questions.