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Wind energy can be generated using windmills that provide mechanical energy that is used

directly on machinery e.g. water pump or wind turbines that provide electrical energy. The main
objective of our project was to design a windmill for water pumping water.


A water-pumping windmill pumps water from wells, ponds, and bore wells for drinking,
minor irrigation, salt farming, fish farming, etc. Available windmills are of two types, namely
direct drive and gear type.

The main components are:

1. Cylinder with suitable valves at inlet and delivery.

2. Plunger or piston.

3. Connecting rod and crank mechanism

4. Suction pipe with one way valve.

5. Delivery pipe.

6. Wind blades

7. Plumber Block

Working of Wind Pump

The crank is connected with a single acting pump through a connecting rod. When the
crank rotation during suction stroke, the piston moves backward and this opens the suction valve
making the water enter into the cylinder. During suction the delivery valve remains closed and
no water is discharged through it.

After suction stroke, the piston moves forward, delivery valve gets open and suction
valve come into close position. As the piston moves forward it exerts thrust force on the liquid
and it starts escaping out of the cylinder through delivery pipe. The water from the delivery pipes
reaches to its required destination.

Such windmills start lifting water when wind speed approaches 8–10 kilometres (km) per
hour. Normally, a windmill is capable of pumping water in the range of 1 to 8 litres per hour,
depending on the wind speed, the depth of water table, and the type of windmill. Windmills are
capable of pumping water from depths of 3m.

Water-pumping windmills have an advantage in that no fuel is required for their operation, and
pollution free, Low noise thus they can be installed in remote windy areas.