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NFPA 20

1 Centrifugal Pump. A pump in which the pressure is developed 7


principally by the action of centrifugal force.

2 Horizontal Split-Case Pump. A centrifugal pump characterized


by a housing that is split parallel to the shaft. 8

3 Maximum Pump Brake Horsepower. The maximum brake


horsepower required to drive the pump at rated speed. The
pump manufacturer determines this by shop test under
expected suction and discharge conditions. Actual field conditions
can vary from shop conditions.

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4 Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH) (hsv). The total suction
head in feet (meters) of liquid absolute, determined at the
suction nozzle, and referred to datum, less the vapor pressure
of the liquid in feet (meters) absolute.

5 Total Discharge Head (hd). The reading of a pressure gauge


at the discharge of the pump, converted to feet (meters) of liquid, 10
and referred to datum, plus the velocity head at the point
of gauge attachment.

6 Total Head (H), Horizontal Pumps.* The measure of the


work increase per pound (kilogram) of liquid, imparted to the
liquid by the pump, and therefore the algebraic difference 11
between the total discharge head and the total suction head.
Total head, as determined on test where suction lift exists, is
the sum of the total discharge head and total suction lift.
Where positive suction head exists, the total head is the total
discharge head minus the total suction head.
Total Head (H), Vertical Turbine Pumps.* The distance
from the pumping water level to the center of the discharge
gauge plus the total discharge head.

Total Suction Head (hs). Suction head exists where the


total suction head is above atmospheric pressure. Total suction
head, as determined on test, is the reading of a gauge at
the suction of the pump, converted to feet (meters) of liquid,
and referred to datum, plus the velocity head at the point of
gauge attachment.

Total Suction Lift (hl). Suction lift exists where the total
suction head is below atmospheric pressure. Total suction lift,
as determined on test, is the reading of a liquid manometer at
the suction nozzle of the pump, converted to feet (meters) of
liquid, and referred to datum, minus the velocity head at the
point of gauge attachment.

Velocity Head (hv).* The velocity head is figured from the


average velocity (v) obtained by dividing the flow in cubic feet
per second (cubic meters per second) by the actual area of
pipe cross section in square feet (square meters) and determined
at the point of the gauge connection.

2-3* Rated Pump Capacities. Fire pumps shall have the following
rated capacities in gpm (L/min) and shall be rated at
net pressures of 40 psi (2.7 bar) or more (see Table 2-3). Pumps
for ratings over 5000 gpm (18,925 L/min) are subject to individual
review by either the authority having jurisdiction or a
listing laboratory.
2-9.5* Valves. A listed outside screw
valve shall be installed in the suction
a listed OS&Y valve shall be installed
50 ft (16 m) of the pump suction flan

2-10.3* The size of pump discharge p


be less than that given in Table 2-20.
2-10.4* A listed check valve or backfl
installed in the pump discharge assem
2-10.5 A listed indicating gate or butt
installed on the fire protection system
check valve. Where pumps are instal
valve shall not be installed between

2-13 Relief Valve.


2-13.1* Where a diesel engine–driven fire pump is installed
and 121 percent of the net rated shutoff (churn) pressure plus
the maximum static suction pressure, adjusted for elevation,
exceeds the pressure for which the system components are
rated, a relief valve shall be provided.
ves. A listed outside screw and yoke (OS&Y) gate
be installed in the suction pipe. No valve other than
&Y valve shall be installed in the suction pipe within
m) of the pump suction flange.

he size of pump discharge pipe and fittings shall not


an that given in Table 2-20.
listed check valve or backflow preventer shall be
n the pump discharge assembly.
sted indicating gate or butterfly valve shall be
n the fire protection system side of the pump discharge
e. Where pumps are installed in series, a butterfly
not be installed between pumps.