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1 . Friendly Notes For General Mathemtics 9
PERCENTAGE, RATIO
AND PROPORTION
SHORT QUESTIONS
Q.1- Define Percentage. Also give example.
Ans... The word " Percent " means out of hundred or per
: hundred. The symbol for percentage is % .
» Example: yo
Ahmad takes a test and gets /4 marks out of 20. Find
the marks percentage?
‘Solution:- *. Marks obtained = 14
Marks percentage = sext 00%
=14x5%
= 70% :
- Q2-. How do a percentage and fraction can be
: interconverted?
Ans. Percentage. is. converted into fraction by di viding it by
. 100. Let us consider
20% 2b aL
1005
Similaty common fraction is converted to percentage
by. mauling itby 100Frichully Notes For General Mathemtics 9 2
Example:
33 100% = 60%
575
6 6, 100% = 64%
25
4 : 7
Q3- If 3 of the students in a school have been away for
a holiday. How many out ‘of every hundred have
been.on hotiday?
Solution:-
4.4 oki 100% = 80%
Thys 80 students out of every 160 have been on
: holiday. °
Q.4- wif 56 % of the homes ina colony have. a-car. What’
re) age of homes do not have a car?
os Solution: -
7 Total number of homes in the colony = /00 %
‘Number of homes having cars = 56%
Number of homes having no car. = 100 %~ 56 %
: . 44%
Q.5- .Explain the term "ratio" also give an example.
Ans. . Ratio. is a comparison of two or more like quantities
measured in like units. The symbol for ratio is ":". If a
~ and b represent two magnitudes of a quantity where
: Ae
b-is not zeto then ratio of a to b is written as a: b or
Q.6-. Define Antecedent and Consequent ina ratio. . ~.
Ans. Ina ratio "@ : 6" the fitst- quantity 'a' is called
antecedent and the 2nd quantity 'd" is called
consequent.. .,
3 “Friend Nott For General Mathes 9
Q.7- In what ratio 60 mw be decreased fo 24 an
Solution:-
Required ratio = 24:60"
22:5 °
Q.8- There are 1029 students in a school. 504 of them
are girls. Find the ratio of boys to the girls.
Solution:+
~ Total number of student= /029
Number of girls = 504 :
Number of boys = 1029— 504
_ = 525
Requited-ratio = ‘Number of boys: Number of wk ,
= 525:504
» 2175: 168°.
25:24 Ans.
Q.9- Define proportion.
Ans.. The equalities of two ratios is called proportion.
Example:
3:5 and 9: 15 are equal ratios. So we can write
3:52 GIS. .
.Q.10- Find the value of 'x' if x :
Solution:- We have
23560015
305 . ,
1 8083 1 : :
Is
Q.11-. What are the types of proportions?
Ans. There ate three kinds of proportions
“@ Direct proportion _ (ij) _-_ Inverse proportion.
(iii) Compound proportion.

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