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Introduction

Basic things of Eastern Medicine are as follow:


 Element ( ‫)عرکان‬
 Fluids ((‫اخلت‬
 Organ, system
 Temperament
 Power ( ‫)قوی‬
 Function ( ‫)افعال‬
 Rooh (‫)روح‬

Element

Element Characteristics Fluid Temperament


Soil Dry, cold Black bile Melancholic
Water Cold, moist Phlegm Phlegmatic
Fire Hot, dry Yellow bile Bilious
Air Hot, moist Blood Sanguineous

Power

There are three main types of powers:


 Physical
 Mental
 Vital power

Introduction to Unani Medicines


Core of philosophy

Hippocrates:
Gave the theory of humor. He was Greek Physician and traditionally
called as FATHER OF MEDICINE.

Galen:
Gave the concept of the temperament. He made important discoveries in
Anatomy and Physiology.

Ibn-E-Sina:
Gave the concept how to diagnose disease with medicine. He was
Arabian Physician and Islamic Philosopher.
Unani Tibb:
It is holistic approach to the healing of disease through restoration of
balance (physical, mental, psychological, emotional, and spiritual) and state of
patient by using diet, life, adjustment, medicine and regimental therapies.

Comparison of Modern Medicine and Unani Medicine

MODERN MEDICINE UNANI MEDICINE


Fallacy of Psuedosimplicity
Simple cause, micro-organism,
Simple and multiple cause but remove
biochemical, environmental and
the actual cause
pathological
Fallacy of Reductionism
By localizing to organ system using Mainly disturbance occur in GIT
analgesics, diuretics which become stimulant
Symptomatic Relief
More than one symptom may occur by
Always remove the actual cause
curing one symptom
Losing of Natural Healing Process
Reduce the healing process. Reduce Increase the healing process. Increase
the immunity the immunity

Physician:

“The person who assists physics is known as physician”


OR
“Person qualified to practice medicine is called physician”

Power Mother Nature


Chi Chinese word stands for Energy
Prana for Power / Life Giving Force

Ilm-E-Tibb

It is the knowledge of states of human body in health and in disease.


Human Body

Topic 1st purpose 2nd purpose


Anatomy
Physiology Preserve Cure
Biochemistry

Health
According to WHO:
“Health is not a state of absence of disease but it is physical, mental, social,
psychological balanced environment in which every person perform their best
mental qualities”

According to Unani Tibb:


“Health is a state of human in which humor and functions are in balanced form
according to the temperament and environment”

Disease
According to Unani Tibb:
“A state of human body in which humor and function are not in balanced form
according to temperament and environment is known as disease”

According to WHO:
“Disease is decline in health”

Classification of Ilm-E-Tibb

1st Part / Knowledge ( ‫)علمی حصہ‬ 2nd Part / Practical ( ‫)علمی حصہ‬
Fundamental of functional unit of the body Fundamental of matter

State of Reason
Basic Signs and Pharmacy and
Body and Selection of
Principle Symptoms Pharmacology
( ‫حالت بدن‬ Cure Medicine
( ‫اموری طبیہ کا‬ ( ‫علمات کا‬ ( ‫ادویہ سازی کا‬
‫انسان کا‬ (‫علم‬
‫)علم‬ ‫)علم‬ ‫)علم‬
‫)علم‬ ‫)اسباب‬
Anatomy Patholog Etiolog Symptom Pharmacology Anti-biotic
Physiology y y logy Anti-inflammatory
Biochemistry (scientific Anti-pyretic
study of
disease)

Signs:
Objectives to physician only.

Symptoms:
Objective to patient only.

Pharmacology:
Branch of medicine concerned with uses, effects, mode of action of drug.

Pharmacy:
Store where medicinal drugs are dispensed and sold / medicine
manufacturing.