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Automotive Programme 2017

Group Project
Group design project
Design of an autonomous (self driving) electric vehicle

New open research and The project brief

teaching facilities to support Several teams of students are competing to be
the development of autonomous awarded the design and systems integration role
transport vehicles and related for the autonomous minibuses by specifying
systems are being built at Cranfield. a valid vehicle concept to a sufficient level of
These will consist of: detail.

• MUEAVI (Multi-User Environment for The scenario is that they are competing for a
Autonomous Vehicle Innovation). A full-scale publicly announced tender; hence they must
industry specified living lab in the form of a offer the best solution possible in order to win
mile of instrumented roadway. the contract.

• IMEC (Intelligent Mobility Engineering Centre) Automotive Engineering teams

Centre of excellence for the UK delivering Project emphasis is on electric powertrain
education, training and skills for design/specification and their control: motor/s,
the burgeoning global transport systems batteries, inverter/drive, driveline, steering, and
sector workforce. brakes.

These are multi-million pound capital and Automotive Mechatronics teams

infrastructure developments being established Project emphasis is on “autonomous (self
as national assets by Cranfield University, driving)” system design and integration,
co-funded through regional and national including but not limited to: sensor selection,
Government agencies. sensor fusion, object detection, localisation,
perception, path planning, decision making and
Cranfield is intending to develop autonomous
supervisory control, safety monitoring, HMI and
minibuses for the campus. The vehicles are
data storage, processing and networking, and
going to operate on MUEAVI road, with four
stops in-between.

Find out more about MUEAVI at
or IMEC at

The main requirements of the tender are:

• The vehicle is to use electric motor/s only, with

no IC engine or hybridisation.
• Passenger capacity should be eight with one
extra seat provided for the ‘guide/driver’ if
• The vehicle must be able to accommodate one
disabled passenger, in which case the number
of other passengers can be reduced to six.
• The vehicle can use batteries and/or other
electrical sources, such as ultra-capacitors.
No permanent connection to the grid is possible.
• The vehicle must operate in all weather
conditions typical for Cranfield Campus.
• The vehicle should have suitable heating and
cooling systems (not necessarily A/C) for the
• Envisaged operating times are 8am to 6pm.
• The vehicle will only operate on ‘private land’
but must remain safe and road legal, with all
assemblies and systems delivering the required
performance (i.e. drive, steering, braking etc.).
• The solution can be based on an existing vehicle
or a completely new design, developed by the
• The systems, assemblies and components used
must be either available on the market (with
known price and delivery times) or specifically
designed and manufactured for this vehicle.
• Design confidence/competence, robustness, cost
and reliability are vital elements of this tender.

Automotive Engineering

Automotive Engineering
Group one

Alejandro Alfonso Puig Michiel Du Pree Torrin Fairholme

Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc

Vincent Laprérie Florian Petiot Kevin Regnault

Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc

Joao Ribeiro
Automotive Engineering MSc

Cranfield Autonomous Transport
Vehicle Concept Design

CRanfield University Student Autonomous Driven Electric Rover

8 passengers 60 kWh Battery: Reduced running

+ 1 wheelchair full day autonomy, costs with overnight
long life expectancy charging

School of
36% savings
Every 3
7 min
after 5 years
min at
each compared to a
way conventional

Suspensions and Axial flux electric motor:

brakes carried-over compact and lightweight
for cost savings 45.5 kW, 130 Nm
braking: reclaims
up to 34% energy

Mr Alex Alfonso Puig (

Mr Torrin Fairholme
Mr Vincent Laprérie
Team AE-1
Mr Florian Petiot (
Mr Michiel du Pree (
Mr Kevin Regnault (
Mr João Ribeiro (
Automotive Engineering
Group two

Miguel Bellido López Karl Farrugia Matthew Herbert

Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc

François Humbert Hugo Lambert Chris-Oliver Sagnard

Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc

Ioanis Sklias
Automotive Engineering MSc

Cranfield Autonomous Transport
Vehicle Concept Design

Decoupling Alignment Preparation Passenger Alighting Coupling

Non-stop Commute

Driverless Technology
Interior Design Reinventing the Future Aluminium

Coupled P2POD
Caliper In-wheel motor

Disc brake Shaft

Beam Axle Magnetic Coupling


Concept Advantages
Parameter The Solution
Included in the Have to build
pods them
Time for one way 205 seconds 308 seconds
Energy Consumption per Vehicle (Same
25.8 kWh 27.4 kWh
Number of Trips)
Up to 16 Up to 8
passengers passengers
Productivity 144 trips 93 trips

Mr. Miguel Bellido López –

Mr. Karl Farrugia –

Mr. François Humbert – franç
Mr. Hugo Lambert –
Mr. Chris Olivier-Sagnard –

Mr. Ioannis Stylianos Sklias –
Mr. Matthew Herbert –
Automotive Engineering
Group three

Álvaro Bermejo Rubio Asier Errazti Txintxurreta Efstathios Fragkos

Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc

Louis Ladreit De Lacharrière Zhihao Liang Yann Thiriet

Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc

Cranfield Autonomous Transport
Vehicle Concept Design

Fully Electric Autonomous Bus

• Capacity 13 passengers
• Range 7 to 12 hours
• Weight 3,500 kg
• Dimensions 5m x 2m x 3.5m
• Price £ 85,850 + VAT

• Maximum Power 25 kW, water-cooled

• Front wheel drive & regenerative braking
• Single gear reduction with differential

• Capacity 34 kWh, Voltage 340 V

• 2 packs, 12 modules each
BATTERY • Air-cooled and heater integrated
Power demand calculation

• Four wheel disc brakes

• 2 elec tric over hydraulic actuators
BRAKES • Elec tric parking brake

• Front wheel steering

• Maximum turning radius of 11m
• Elec tric steering. 1.5 kW motor
SUSPENSION • Front and rear MacPherson strut

• Passenger capacity: 13
• 10 seats, including 2 foldable
• Able to accommodate a disabled person
• Heating and cooling system
• Equipped with ramp

Álvaro Bermejo Rubio

Asier Errazti Txintxurreta
Efstathios Fragkos
Louis Ladreit de Lacharrière
Tristan Chigros AE-3
Yann Thiriet
Zhihao Liang
Automotive Engineering
Group four

Elodie Blanchard Isaac Alejandro Carmona Luna Paul Lenormand

Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc

Zhijing Liu Diego López Izquierdo Jean Michelin

Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc Automotive Engineering MSc

Michael Tchorzewski
Automotive Engineering MSc

Cranfield Autonomous Transport
Vehicle Concept Design

Prototype Price
from £ 55,000

• Guideline: Offer a simpler and less expensive Autonomous Shuttle than EasyMile and Navya (>170k£)
Target: University, Airports, City centres
10 with 8 capacity
Design based on existing vehicle

• EMRAX 188 - Electric Motor • IVECO DAILY Chassis
Axial flux brushless synchronous motor • Shuttle Dimensions
70kW peak power, mount in clutch housing
• OptimumNano (LiFePO4) Battery
5.2 m 2.5 m 2m 3m 3,500 kg

CAPACITY VOLTAGE • Chassis Lowering + Roll Cage

37.7 kWh 403.2 V

• 110 km or 8 hours of drivability on campus • Re-use of Components

Increase by 33% with an easy-to-add battery
pack Gearbox Disc / Parking Steering
Suspension Brakes ABS System


• Steering
• Laser Beam Electric Power Assisted Steering
Interaction with pedestrians to increase Electric motor connected with U-joints to the
safety and comfort existing steering system’s pinion
Steering maps

• Disabled Ramp
A ramp with a rotating disc
Operating without assistance • Braking
Actuator E/H1600 with linear response
ABS included
• Eco-friendly solar panels SKF Electronic Parking Brake
Up to 3.5kWh per day in summer
Renewable energy lowering the carbon footprint

Elodie Blanchard

Isaac Carmona

Team AE 4
Paul Lenormand

Zhijing Liu

Diego López

Jean Michelin

Michael Tchorzewski
Automotive Mechatronics

Automotive Mechatronics
Group A

Sahil Rajeev Desai Moyen Mishra Guillaume Rousseau

Automotive Mechatronics MSc Automotive Mechatronics MSc Automotive Mechatronics MSc

Daniele Santantonio Todd Watts Salih Yousif

Automotive Mechatronics MSc Automotive Mechatronics MSc Automotive Mechatronics MSc

Cranfield Autonomous Transport
Autonomous Driving System

Rear camera Short range camera

360° LIDAR Long range camera

• Automation using Visual and LIDAR sensors

• Design for versatility & adaptability
• Sensor redundancy for blind spot cancellation
• Complete working solution at £ 11,000
• Partnership with Tier-1 supplier Nvidia

Desai, Sahil Rajeev

Mishra, Moyen
Rousseau, Guillaume
Santantonio, Daniele
Team AM-1
Watts, Todd
Yousif, Salih
Automotive Mechatronics
Group B

Jordan Ankapong Eun Sang Cha Saeed Falowo

Automotive Mechatronics MSc Automotive Mechatronics MSc Automotive Mechatronics MSc

Giacomo Molino Paramjeet

Automotive Mechatronics MSc Automotive Mechatronics MSc

Cranfield Autonomous Transport
Autonomous Driving System
Bridging the last mile of transportation

Project Operation Modes

Development and implementation of a cost effective control system Metro Mode:
solution for autonomous shuttle proposed to be operation at Cranfield Stops at all pre-defined stops.
University’s Multi-User Environment for Autonomous Vehicle Innovation No infrastructure at stops needed.
(MUEAVI) facility.
Bus Mode:
Stops at pre-defined stops at user request.
NEXT Mobility and Clients Elevator Mode:
Operate upon request.
The project team is based in School of Aerospace, Manufacturing and
Halts, and waits until request issued.
Transportation at Cranfield University, UK.
Energy efficient.
NEXT Mobility is currently working in coordination with and developing
controls for our clients CranBus and Alva. Navigation
Navigation stack = Localization + Mapping.
Market for Autonomous Vehicles Built separate or simultaneous (e.g. SLAM)
Market for Vehicles with
Vehicles with full
Vehicles with partial
Percentage of vehicle in
Performed using an IMU + visual odometry from a stereo camera.
Kalman filter for sensor fusion.
Can be obtained from mapping. (e.g. AMCL)
partial and full autonomy autonomy to be sold per autonomy to be sold per market with autonomous
by 2035 year globally by 2035 year globally by 2035 driving feature by 2035
- Boston Consultancy Group, London
Performed by input from LIDAR or 3D point cloud from stereo camera.
Performed with SLAM algorithms - Hector SLAM or G-mapping.
‘Eyes’ of our concept. Sensor stack allow for perception of the ambient
environment with high degree of robustness and safety.
• Lidar and Cameras for Mapping.
• Radars for Obstacle detection.
• Ultrasonic sensors for parking assistance

Zone based control:
Additional limits & priority operations while operating in different zones.

Object Classification for Control Adaptive Cruise Control & Crash Avoidance:
Regulate vehicle's velocity with respect to vehicle ahead. Stop within
LaneID: predefined distance upon encountering immobile obstacle.
Classification based on object’s location with respect to vehicle’s lane.
Emergency Stop:
MotionID: Abort vehicle's mission and open all door.
Sub-classification based on object’s direction of motion.
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Questions/Suggestions ??
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 Eun Sang Cha

 Giacomo Molino NEXT
 Jordan Ankapong
 Saeed Falowo Mobility
 Paramjeet Team AM-2
Find out more about our Automotive courses:
Automotive Engineering MSc

Automotive Mechatronics MSc