Journalism Glossary Wiki

This page is intended to be a glossary of old and new media terms of relevance to the practice of journalism. To edit or add glossary entries on this page, please click here or email your suggestions or questions tojohn at journalism.co.uk. Wherever possible when adding or editing items please include links to relevant sites. Your edits may take up to two hours before they appear live on this page. A special thanks to Graham Holliday for his contributions.

A
Above the fold - A broadsheet paper folded in half for display. The top half of the page, above the fold, is held to be the most important real estate in the paper. A reporter¶s ambition is to get an article on the front page; a reporter¶s supreme ambition is to get that article above the fold.(courtesy of John E McIntyre) Ace - an on-call reporter. Active Proceedings (sub judice) - These occur in a criminal court of law when a person has been arrested, a warrant for his or her arrest has been issued, there are bail conditions (including police bail), a summons has been issued or a person has been charged (with a criminal offence). ABC - Audit Bureau of Circulations; a group that audits newspaper circulation figures. ABCe - Audit Bureau of Circulations Electronic - division of the ABC that audits traffic figures for online publications. ACAP - Automated Content Access Protocol, a platform that would allow search engines to recognise the terms and conditions of specific websites. Add - Copy to be added to a story already written. Adobe InDesign - Desktop publishing program, now being used more widely in place of QuarkXPress. Ad impression - Term used to describe the number of times an advert is seen. Advertisers usually sell space based on the exposure per thousand impressions. This is called Cost per impression (CPM). Alternatively, they might sell on a pay-per-click (CPC) basis (also known as cost-per-click CPC) ADSL - Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line; high bandwidth web connection often just called broadband.

Advance - A story outlining a future event. Also means to raise the priority of a story or an upfront payment for written work, particuarly long articles or text. Advertorial - An advert in the form of a complementary editorial piece, usually labelled as an advert. AJAX ² A bundle of technologies and techniques that allow a web page to do things quietly in the background without reloading the whole page.AJAX is not a programming language, but rather an acronym used to describe that bundle, ³Asynchronous Javascript and XML.´ AJAX provides much of the functionality associated with Web 2.0. One of the first big uses of AJAX was Gmail, which allowed it to be much more responsive than other web e-mail at the time. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Algorithm ² A set of instructions or procedures used in order to accomplish a task, such as creating search results in Google. In the context of search, algorithms are used to provide the most relevant results first based on those instructions. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) All Caps - A word or sentence written in all capital letters. AM Mark - the symbol used for denoting the end of a feature story in a periodical. Analogue television - TV transmitted in radio waves as opposed to digital TV. Android ² Usually used in the context of Android phone, Android is a free and open source operating system developed by Google that powers a variety of mobile phones from different manufacturers and carriers. It is a rival of the iPhone platform. In contrast to Apple's tightly controlled architecture and App Store, Android allows users to install apps from the Android Market and from other channels, such as directly from a developer's website ² which allows for X-rated content, for example. Some well-known Android phones are the Nexus One, the Motorola Droid and HTC Evo. Expect to see competitors to the iPad running a version of Android. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Angle - The approach or focus of a story. This is sometimes known as the peg. AP - the abbreviation for the Associated Press. API - the abbreviation of Application Programming Interface: a set of functions, procedures, methods, classes or protocols that an operating system, library or service provides to support requests made by computer programs.

App ² Short for application, a program that runs inside another service. Many mobile phones allow apps to be downloaded, leading to a burgeoning economy for modestly priced software. Can also refer to a program or tool that can be used within a website. Apps generally are built using software toolkits provided by the underlying service, whether it is iPhone or Facebook. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Assignment - A job given to a journalist by an editor. Astroturfing - A term used to describe fake grassroots support on websites and in blog comments. A method most usually employed by the public relations and advertising industry and political groups. Atom ² A syndication format for machine readable web feeds that is usually accessible via a URL. While it was created as an alternative to RSS(Real Simple Syndication) to improve upon RSS's deficiencies (such as ambiguities), it still is secondary to RSS. (See also, RSS) (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Attribute - to quote the original source of material, whether it be a quote of copyrighted work. Audit - An independent assessment of the validity of statistics used in adverts, newspapers etc. AOP - Formed in 2002, the Association of Online Publishers is an industry body for UK web publishers. The AOP represents the interests of 160 publishing companies. Average issue readership - Number of people who have read the newspaper or magazine in the period that it was issued, also known as AIR.

B
B2B - Business to business; describes a business whose primary customers are other businesses. B2C - Business to customer; describes a business whose primary customers are individuals. Background - Information given to a reporter to explain more about the situation and details of a story. Sometimes shortened to BG. Back bench - Senior journalists on a newspaper. Bandwidth - The amount of data that can be transferred through an internet connection. Bang out - A composing room ritual in which an employee leaving the premises for the last time is commemorated by the pounding of pica poles

Weblog dealing with aspects of law.When a story is first published. BRAD . Breaking news is conventionally greeted by profane expressions on the news desk. Bliki . Beta .against metal surfaces in a commemorative clamor. Beat .Brief introduction to the writer. Also known as a weblog. Break . Blogosphere/Blogdom/Blogiverse/Blogmos/Blogostan . (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Broadcast . Blurb .Unanticipated events developing during the publication cycle. . Sometimes called a web banner.Used in software publishing. or copy desk. Blogs commonly allow comments below entries and are published in reverse chronological order. a company that logs every periodical that has to do with advertising in Britain. BARB .The area or subject that a reporter regularly covers. measures TV audience numbers.A person who writes a blog.Combination of a blog and a wiki. Breaking news . Browser .British Broadcasting Corporation. BBC .Web advert.Broadcasting term for second-in-command of a lighting team.communicating using radio and/or TV. Blog . Typically around 468 by 60 pixels in size. Blogger . requiring updates and occasionally wholesale revision of pages. Best boy . normally found at the top of a page. Blawg . usually following the headline.British Rate and Data. Blind interview . (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Banner ad . a blog that can be edited by readers or an approved group of users. Popular browsers include Firefox.An online commentary or diary often written by individuals about hobbies or areas of specialist interest.Broadcasting Audience Research Board.All things relating to blogs and blog communities. 'beta' is the name given to a pre-release version of a software product.A piece of software that allows users to view internet pages. Internet Explorer and Safari.An interview with an unnamed source. city desk.

journalists that churn out rewrites of press releases.An early edition.(courtesy of John E McIntyre) Bump . (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Button . Cascading stylesheets (CSS) . Look at your Monday paper. Also known as forums and message boards. Churnalism . (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Bulks . C Cable television .Text printed below a picture used to describe it and who took it. chaser . One file that defines the style for a whole site.A journalist's name at the beginning of a story. normally for promotion. Caption . Bulldog .TV delivered into the home through an underground cable. Buried lede .Technique used for designing web pages.Also called The daily budget. . usually around 165 by 90 pixels in size and commonly found in the right or left hand columns of a website. The Baltimore Sun continues to produce a bulldog edition of the Sunday paper that appears Saturday morning. Sometimes called a cutline. or list of pending articles. Campaign .An interactive part of a website where visitors can write messages to each other people in real time. It must be disinterred (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Burn off .Upper case.To move the position or timing of a story. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Chat rooms . typically discussed at an afternoon news meeting at which preliminary decisions about what is to go on the front page are made. Cap . Byline .To dispose of articles that have previously been rejected for the front page or section front by running them on a day of low circulation.The central element of an article mistakenly appearing deep in the text.budget .A small web advertisement.Bad journalism.The various stages of an advertising project from beginning to end. either completed or imagined.Copies distributed free.A page or set of pages typeset after the formal edition close to attempt to get breaking news into the paper.

Other terms include participatory journalism and networked journalism though it should not be confused with civic journalism.A simple yes/no question that does little to encourage an interviewee to open up. The work is done within the browser. Clickthrough . rather than at the central computer.The prominent item on a page usually a headline. Cloud computing ² An increasingly popular computing model in which information and software are provided on demand from over the Internet rather than staying on local computers. Civic media ² An umbrella term describing media technologies that create a strong sense of engagement among residents through news and information. CIOJ . Circulation . Client side ² Referring to network software where work takes place on the user's computer. the client. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) .Advertising placed by individuals in newspapers. It is often used as a contrast to ³citizen journalism´ because it also encompasses mapping. rather than at the hosting website. Citizen journalism . a programming language that allows developers to build interactivity into websites.Centre of visual interest (CVI) . an online storage system many companies use for cheap storage. which is practiced by professional journalists. (See also server side) (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Closed question . Advertisers sometimes buy adverts based on a rate per click called a Click-through rate or CTR. Sometimes called small ads.The Audit Bureau of Circulations. In the UK these figures are monitored by ABC . Examples of cloud computing applications include Google Docs and Yahoo Mail. Amazon offers two cloud computing services: EC2. Advantages of doing so include speed and bandwidth.Term used to describe the reporting of news events by members of the public most commonly on blogs and social networking websites.Number of copies sold by newspapers or magazines. wikis and databases.the Chartered Institute of Journalists. which many start-ups now use as a cheap way to launch their products. known as the server. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Classified advertising . An example is Javascript. and S3. picture or graphic. Cloud computing is appealing because companies can reduce the amount they spend on their own computer servers and software but can also quickly and easily expand as the company grows.When a reader clicks on an advert and is redirected to a new page.

Copy approval . photos or videos. the site can use the file to remember details such as your login information. once assembled pages in hot type or cold type. Cookie .Leading story used on front cover.Small text file that is downloaded to your computer when you visit a site. pre-defined action²such as buying a product from an online store²based on viewing an ad. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Column . Convergence . against great odds. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Contempt of court . Composing room .Main text of a story. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) cold type .Creating the text for an advertisement. The material can include documents. Extinction imminent.The place in which printers. It is generally synonymous with online publishing system. (Always discouraged!) copy editor .An anonymous drudge who attempts. to correct the many faults of writers before publication. WordPress and Joomla.Headlines and text produced on photographic paper and pasted up in a composing room.The criminal offence of ignoring court rules. Cover story . Increasingly supplanted by electronic transmission of pages directly to a printing plant. usually consisting of at least templates and a database.A regular feature often on a specific topic.The term used to describe multimedia newsrooms producing news for different publishing platforms.Captions on a magazine cover. where the pages emerge as metal plates to go on the printing press. CPA (Cost Per Action) ² A pricing model in which the advertiser is charged for an ad based on how many users take a specific.A source or interviewer asking to see the text of an article prior to publication. This is the ³gold standard´ for advertisers because it most directly . written by the same person who is known as a columnist. The next time you visit. Content management systems are sometimes built custom from scratch with frameworks such as Ruby on Rails or Django.(courtesy of John E McIntyre) Copywriting .CMS (Content Management System) ² Software designed to organise large amounts of dynamic material for a website. Coverline . Copy . now vanished. in recent years there has been a surge in free open-source systems such as Drupal. While the first generation of content management systems were custom and proprietary.

) (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) CPC (Cost Per Click) ² A pricing model in which the advertiser is charged for an ad based on how many users click it. which grants anyone. and No Derivative Works. (Also sometimes referred to as Cost Per Acquisition. whose suspicions are well founded. helped eliminate the clumsy and often .matches the cost of an ad to its effectiveness. from an individual to a large company. CPC is well-suited for ³directed´ advertising.(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) CPM .(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Crosshead . (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Creative Commons ² A flexible set of copyright licenses that allow content creators to specify which rights they reserve and which they waive regarding their work that is supposed to codify collaborative spirit of the Internet. First released in December 2002 by the nonprofit Creative Commons organization. so that the presentation is separate from the actual content of the document itself. However. often suspect that reporters use CQ to indicate ³better check this´.cost per thousand impressions. intended to prompt an immediate response. which grants only redistribution. Google AdWords is generally priced on a CPC basis. Share Alike.An indication that the name or term so noted has been checked and verified. That look and feel is controlled by the CSS. This is the cost an advertiser pays for 1.000. it's not commonly used since it's extremely difficult to measure: it is often unclear when or how to attribute an action to a specific ad. which was inspired by the open source GNU GPL license. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) ² Instructions used to describe the look and formatting for documents. display. because a user's clicking on an ad shows engagement with it. the right to distribute. This is a common model for ³search advertising´ (the all-text ads associated with search results) and for text ads in general. which was first introduced by the World Wide Web Consortium in the late 1990s. you will often see the text first load and then ³snap into place´ with its look and feel.000 page views. Copy editors. There are six main Creative Commons licenses based on four conditions that creators can choose to apply: Attribution. or otherwise make use of the work so long as the creator is credited. If you watch a web page that loads slowly. The M in CPM is the Roman numeral for 1. CSS. Typically used in interviews. The most restrictive is Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives.A few words used to break up large amounts of text. usually HTML. the licenses are now used on an estimated 130 million works worldwide. Non-Commercial. The least restrictive of the licenses is Attribution. CQ . normally taken from the main text.

Sussex´.(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) CSV (Comma-Separated Values) ² An extremely simple data format which stores information in a text file.co.´100 North Road. Also known as clips and sometimes presented as a portfolio. to make their data available. CSV is popular precisely because it can be easily read by many different applications. Many applications support the use of alternative column delimiters (the pipe character. This can be used for subjects as diverse as an analysis of a speech by the prime minister and the popularity of baby names over time. While it has deep roots in academia.A line at the beginning of a story stating the date and the location.). the terms are often surrounded by double quotes (´).´laura@journalism.The time at which an editor requests a journalists to finish an assignment. Cyber-journalist . Death-knock .repetitive markup in the original HTML syntax. Cuttings .´email´ ³Laura´. Cut .A journalist that works on the internet.uk´(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Cub . Thus it is a common way for people. is popular). Also known as a rookie or junior reporter. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Dateline . Also known as door-stepping. |. . including governments.´Address´. Example below: ³Name´. An online journalist. often by government. data visualization has begun to emerge on content sites as a way to handle the masses of data that are being made public. including spreadsheets.To remove text. Each row of data is represented by a line of text.Calling at the house of a bereaved relative or friend when reporting on the death. Brighton. Deadline .A trainee reporter.A journalist's collection of published print work. Cuttings job . programming text editors and web browsers. To prevent confusion about commas in the data. word processors. D Data visualization ² A growing area of content creation in which information is represented graphically and often interactively.An article which has been put together using research culled from a number of other articles or news items. Each column is delimited/separated by a comma (.

Direct quote .Deliberate omission of a term or terms to change the meaning of a quote. Django ² A web framework that is popular among news and information sites. The same document-oriented database might let you store the information for an article (headline.The first version of an article before editing and submission to the editor. Direct marketing . Draft . Everyblock. Major projects built in Django include Disqus.Copying a file from a website to your own computer. Refers to journalist Maureen Dowd.Information that is written by one person which damages another person's reputation. In contrast to relational databases. Also known as deck copy or bank. Download .A community-powered internet link recommendation system. content. News applications teams. Allows exciting things to happen when you move your mouse over words.TV transmitted in binary format. producing good picture quality. but store it less efficiently.Sending advertising material directly to potential customers either by post. in part due to its origin at Lawrence Journal-World in Kansas. which rigidly require information to be stored in pre-defined tables. use the framework to present large data sets online in easily accessible ways. a sophisticated dynamic language.com and TheOnion.When the upkeep of a weblog becomes a hassle. .Part of the headline which summarises the story. DHTML . fax.The exact reproduction of a verbatim quote in quotemarks and correctly attributed. date. Dowdification .Dynamic HTML. byline. Digg . Document-oriented databases retrieve information more quickly. cutline). including those at the Chicago Tribune and Los Angeles Times. Furloffers a similar service. data. This is important when you don't know what is going to be thrown at you. photographer. email or information by telephone. Digital television .(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Dogblogging . (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Document-oriented database ² An increasingly popular type of database.Deck . miscellaneous) or for a photo (file. It is written in Python. Defamation . document-oriented databases are more freeflowing and flexible.com.

Ezine .Double-page spread. EC2 ² A computing power rental system by Amazon that has become popular among technology companies because it is much cheaper than maintaining your own computer servers. Drupal ² A popular content management system known for a vibrant opensource community that creates diverse and robust extensions. Endnote .Often used to indicate an electronic version of something.Someone who prepares material for print or broadcast. Users can host their applications on EC2 and pay depending on usage. (Also see cloud computing) (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Editor . It is written in PHP and distributed under the GPLopen source license.To write in an opinionated way. Drupal is very powerful. Embed ² A term meaning to place a specific piece of content from one web page inside of another one. a multiuser blog. eTail . can also be referred to as a spread.When an advert appears exclusively on a page. F . (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Encryption . rather than being in rotation with other ads. or eGovernment.TV signals encoded so only paying subscribers can watch. an Internet forum or a community website for user-generated content.Text written at the end of an article stating the authors credentials. E e . Exclusivity . This is a common way for video content to be spread around the Internet and is increasingly being used for interactive components. This is often done using an embed code (a few lines of HTML and/or Javascript) that you can copy or paste. for example eNews.Name given to website menus that allow users to select from a list of options that drop down in a vertical menu. to describe electronic government. Editorialise .Specialized online magazines. for an electronic newsletter. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) DPS . EC2 is an example of cloud computing. Drupal provides options to create a static website.Online or 'electronic' retail. but it is somewhat difficult to use for simple tasks when compared to WordPress.Dropdown menus .

collecting points and becoming the ³mayor´ of certain locations. Despite a relatively modest user base at the beginning. Flash .refers to Freedom of Information requests made in the UK. Foursquare quickly attracted a lot of attention for its potential for marketing and customer brand loyalty. such as reading and writing to .A program used to display design-heavy. animated content. For instance. Foursquare allows users to ³check in´ at locations (bars. slowing down web pages and crashing operating systems. 2) Flash ² A proprietary platform owned by Adobe Systems that allows for drag-and-drop animations. which has created a feud between the two companies. FOI . (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Flatplan . this contrasts with many other popular programming languages that are open source. and dynamic displays for the Web. Fisk . Launched in 2009 at SXSW Interactive conference. Creators must use Adobe's Creative Suite products and web surfers must install a Flash plug-in for their browser. ActionScript. restaurants.Feature .A longer. Refers to journalist Robert Fisk. built-in support for common web development tasks. made under theFreedom of Information Act 2000. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Framework ² A software package that makes writing programs easier by providing all the ³plumbing´ for a particular type of task (like writing a web app). along with Gowalla. Flash . that combines geolocation with game mechanics. The language used. SCVNGR and others.1) Short news story on a new event. more in-depth article. HTML5 is emerging as an open alternative to Flash. Foursquare ² One of many new mobile services. Apple has not allowed Adobe to create a Flash player for the iPhone operating system. playgrounds and more) to inform people in their social networks of their whereabouts while earning badges. Web development frameworks like Ruby on Rails (written in Ruby. program interactivity. meaning programmers use Ruby to do the ³fill in the blanks´ tasks) and Django (written in Python).Typeface.An update on a previous story.A page plan that shows where the articles and adverts are laid out. allowing programmers to just ³fill in the blanks´ with their own project-specific needs. is owned by Adobe. Font . Follow-up . Many claim that Flash players are unstable and inefficient.Detailed word-by-word analysis and critique of an article. have easy-to-use.

A type of picture file. cameramen and photographers who risk their lives in the course of their work. .Paragraph.(courtesy of John E McIntyre) Graf . There has been some discussion of its increasing relevance with geographically connected social networking sites.The website of a glossy women's magazine. such as Foursquare. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Grip .File Transfer Protocol.(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Freelancer .A person that looks after the equipment required to make a TV camera move. Commonly used on photo sites such as Flickr or in conjunction with user-generated content. Free-to-air . writing content in html. video or article came from. between BBC. Freesheet . FYI . produced to gratify the vanity of the author and the aspirations of the publication. and Facebook has announced plans to do so.´ FTP .Commercial free-to-air digital service.A publication that is free to consumers and generates its revenue from advertising.TV service received without having to decode or pay. Freeview .Someone that works alone.A very good or exclusive interview. Glossite . Twitter has implemented geotagging. to show where a photo. GIF . and so forth.a database. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Get . G Geotag ² A piece of information that goes with content and contains geographically based information.An abbreviation meaning for your information. Goat-choker .An article of inordinate and suffocating length. usually on a contract-to-contract basis. Frontline Club .A club in London that promotes ³freedom of expression and support journalists. often used for images that include text. usually used to transfer files from your computer to a web server. A method of moving files. BSkyB and the transmission firm Crown Castle.

HTML5 ² The upcoming. Basic programming code used for the design and display of web pages.Grip-and-grin .A headline. text boxes.Metal type generated on a Linotype machine.The front page of a website. but often when people refer to HTML5. they often are using it as a blanket term. Often a promotional ad for the publication. HTML5 does not coverCSS and JavaScript.A photograph of no inherent interest in which a notable and an obscure person shake hands at an occasion of supposed significance. hed . for head to come. giving rise to the abbreviation HTK. an article transmitted in a take or takes before it is in final form. like Adobe Flash. The Economist publishes a style guide as does The Guardian. . rather than the page as a whole. such as allowing video to be embedded on a web page.(courtesy of John E McIntyre) house ad . because it is an open standard and does not require third-party plugins. powerful standard of Hypertext Markup Language. Hits . designed to help journalists write and present in a consistent way for their target audience. hot type .The main title of the article. which has added advanced interactive features.Adding metadata to an image. spelling and use of grammar. A page of 20 images. applying not only to changes to the HTML. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Hyperlink .An unpaid advertisement put on a page to fill a gap left by an lack of paid advertising. RSS feed. logos and menus will count as 20 hits.A link that redirects the user to another web page. video.Hyper Text Mark-up Language.Number of downloads of every element of a web page. The latest releases of most browsers support HTML5 to varying degrees. webpage etc. It is gaining in popularity compared to proprietary standards. which identifies the geographical location relating to the content H Hard copy . so hits are therefore not regarded as a reliable measurement of web traffic.When the article is printed out on paper.A publication's guide to style. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Geotagging . Homepage . but also to changes in CSS and JavaScript. Headline .(courtesy of John E McIntyre) HTML . Using HTML5 will allow web pages to work more like desktop applications. House style . Archaic.

An internet . Sometimes shortened to journo. J Javascript .Joint Photographic Expert Group. The internet .An advert surrounded by editorial content in the middle of the page. Intro . (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Impressions .Very important first paragraph. .interactive television software produced by the makers of Skypeand Kazaa. researches and reports news.Someone who writes. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Joost . email.Any network of connected computers.The international network of interconnected computers. JPEG .A scripting language commonly used to add functionality to web sites beyond that which is achievable in HTML. or works on the production of a publication. However it is known for its extensive design options. Journalist . it is a popular way to create embeddable interactive featuresIframes are usually constructed via JavaScript as a way around web browsers' security features. ITV is the Broadcaster that was formed by the merger of Carlton and Granada.I Iframe ² An HTML tag that allows for one web page to be wholly included inside another.15 regional franchises that make up ITV1. It is more powerful than WordPress but not as powerful as Drupal.The number of times an advertising banner was viewed during a campaign. known as a 'lead' in the US. Many security breaches have been designed using iframes. Common type of picture file used on the web. FTP and usenet are all part of the Internet. which try to prevent JavaScript on one page from quickly talking to JavaScript on an external page. hack or scribe. ITV network .A private computer network inside a company or organisation for internal use only. Intranet .The number of advertisement spaces for sale on a web site at a given time. The name Joomla means ³all together´ in Swahili. The World Wide Web. Island position . open-source content management built in PHP. Joomla ² A free. Inventory .

Perl or Python. it is not a markup language that requires open and close tags. Key/value store ² A simpler way of storing data than a relational or document database.(noun) How the page is designed and formatted. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) JSON (JavaScript Object-Notation) ² A Web data publishing format that is designed to be both easily human ² and machine ² readable. Released in 2006. It is the most popular JavaScript library. Though readership surveys for generations have indicated that readers despise jumps and generally do not follow them. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Layout . it does not suit newspapers to do otherwise. or jump. Kill . (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Kicker . Kittyblog .A line indicating a continuation. key/value stores are often (though not always) used for optimisation. of an article on a subsequent page.Adjustment of horizontal space between two written characters. unlike XML. The definitive feature of jQuery is its support for ³chaining´ operations together to simplify otherwise complicated tasks. The letters stand for the Linux operating system. matching values to accessible ³keys. Apache web server.´ or indices.To cancel or delete a story.The first sentence or first few words of a story's lead. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) K Kerning . set in a font size larger than the body text of the story.´ A rival alternative would be a bundle of Microsoft products.A pointless and boring weblog.A reduced fee paid to a journalist for a story that is not used. possibly about the owner's cat. . Key-value stores have a simple structure. MySQL database.A sub-editor who specialises in laying out pages. and either PHP. L LAMP ² An acronym referring to a bundle of free open-source Web technologies that have become incredibly popular as a method for building websites. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Jumpline . This is often referred to as a ³LAMP stack. In Web development.jQuery ² A incredibly popular open source JavaScript library designed for manipulating HTML pages and handling events. Layout sub-editor . jQuery quickly gained widespread adoption because of its efficiency and elegance. Kill fee . It is an alternative to XML that is more concise because.

´ writes Joe Bloggs (the writer you are quoting). link directly to it. including ² but not limited to ² television.´ (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Licence fee . Leading questions . Link journalism . which boasts that it allows coders to ³write less.The phonetic spelling of lead.BBC funding system. so spelled as to indicate the specialized meaning rather than the common meaning to a Linotype operator.Leader . publication or author. Sometimes ³legacy media´ is used interchangeably with ³MSM. Leading .Adjustment of vertical space between two lines. appear in quotes. rather than link to someone else's later version of it. if you have any interest or connection with the story. where the production and sharing is of equal weight to the consumption. source. enabling one to perform common tasks without writing new code every time. released in 2006 and now the most popular JavaScript library.(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Libel . Also bear in mind that your own reputation will be judged on the quality of the articles you link to. all which generally had a uni-directional distribution model. complement. Defendent would need to show claims were true. For example: ³I saw it coming´ Mr Smith tells the Times or ³This is the next big thing. radio. fair comment or an accurate record of parliamentary or court proceedings. lede . this contains code that can be accessed for software and Web development. name the source and author and. One well-known library is jQuery.An article that shows the opinion of a newspaper. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Legacy media ² An umbrella term to describe the centralised media institutions that were dominant during the second half of the 20th century. The journalist should also endeavour wherever possible to find the original source of an article. of an article. or add more context to a journalist's original reporting´. usually the first paragraph. of course.A case for defamation. Library ² In the context of programming. Many libraries are freely shared. then declare it. Good link journalism should briefly summarise the content of the article it is linking to. . the beginning.A question that contains the predicted answer within the question.Scott Karp defines link journalism as ³linking to other reporting on the web to enhance. and be clearly attributed to its source. Any direct reproduction of text should be kept to an absolute minimum.´ for ³Mainstream Media. do more. newspapers and magazines.´ Legacy media sits in contrast with social media.

or mash-up . San Francisco Chronicleand the Belfast Telegraph for examples. Mashup ² A combination of data from multiple sources. Media Kit . M Mark . any place.Practical information available to potential advertisers regarding costs etc.Main title section and name at the front of a publication.The effect of publishing content online and keeping it available in an archive.Blogs dealing with very specialised discussion. Long tail . mashup. melted lead.Correction. Microblogs . Foursquare and Gowalla are location-based services. or locating your friends.(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Long-lead magazines .Glossy magazines. Also known as dog watch. It is mashing up one data source (the addresses of movie theaters) with another data source (the geographic location of those addresses on a map). (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Martini media .Working in the hours after a publication has gone to print. the brainchild of Ottmar Merganthaler of Baltimore. giving you directions. is data about data. hence the long tail. in any media. of any sort. such as finding nearby restaurants. Mash up. that uses your location in order to perform a certain task. See the New York Times.a website or web application that seamlessly combines content from more than one source into an integrated experience. to whom all praise be given.Meta data. quarterlies and journals that typically commission and accept work months in advance of publication.Linotype . Unlike in a newspaper. The Linotype operator used hot metal. to create slugs of type by manipulating a keyboard. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Lobster shift . Masthead .A machine for the mechanical setting of type. An example of a mashup would be an app that shows the locations of all the movie theaters in a particular town on a Google map. usually in a mobile Web or mobile device application.Media that is available ³any time. . or sometimes metainformation. usually through the use of APIs. old stories will continue to receive traffic long after publication date. Metadata . any where´. Location-based services ² A service.

It is popular because it is a free and flexible alternative to expensive systems like Oracle.National Council for Training of Journalists. a large square web advert usually in a central position below or inline with editorial. Popularized by web site Twitter. eg. Multiplex .Term used to describe a range of different delivery formats such as video. The SQL stands for ³Structured Query Language´ and ³My´ is the name of the inventor's daughter. MPU . MPEG . NCTJ .Moving Pictures Experts Group.´ MySQL is a relational database management system. . MySQL ² The dominant open-source database management system on the Internet. an early mobile technology was the pager. It is officially pronounced My-S-Q-L. In retrospect. A file format used for digital video.Microblogging . official UK accreditation board for journalism courses. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Moblogging . which limits users to 140-character updates. Mobile technology usually demands a different set of standards ² design and otherwise ² than desktop computers. though sometimes also via wi-fi.Where individuals contribute to a blog using images or text sent from a mobile phone. and has opened up an entirely new area for geo-aware applications.Single digital terrestrial TV transmission comprising of several channels. Mobile ² An umbrella term in technology that was long synonymous with cellular phones but has since grown to encompass tablet computing (the iPad) and even netbooks. but you will often hear it referred to as ³My Sequel.Structure that helps web users move around the website. Typically around 350 by 250 pixels in size. audio.Variant of traditional blogging in which users write brief text messages over the web. text and images. Projects that use MySQL include Facebook and Wikipedia. Multimedia . not a document-oriented database system. Sometimes the term is used interchangeably with ³wireless. Netiquette .´ It generally refers to untethered computing devices that can access the Internet over radiofrequency waves. reciprocal links. (Also see document-oriented database) (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) N Navigation .Online etiquette. often presented simultaneously on the internet.Known as a Messaging Plus Unit.

When a page has been completed and removed from the composing room (cf.Industry body representing the regional press & local press. that allows nonhierarchical relationships. News agency . This allows sites to validate users' identities without having full access to their personal accounts.Networked journalism . When an entire edition is off the floor.Paragraph containing the essential elements of a story. For example.(courtesy of John E McIntyre) Off the record . On diary .Company that sells stories to newspapers or magazines. On the record .Broadcasting industry regulator.An unscheduled or unpredicted story.News in brief .Another term to describe participatory journalism or citizen journalism. Taxonomies and ontologies are important in content to help related articles or topics pages. Newsreader . instead of requiring you to provide your password directly to that third-party site. it is said to have been put to bed. in contrast to a taxonomy.Information that must not be disclosed. Nut graf . Ontology ² A classification system with nodes or entities. it is said to be off the floor. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Ofcom .). Off the floor .Information given by a source that can be used in an article. Newspaper Society . NIB . Off diary . but it will only be used if needed.Article that is written 'just in-case'. a UK trade union. On spec .Software that helps receive and read RSS blog and news feeds. which is hierarchical. (Also see taxonomy) (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) .National Union of Journalists. It is similar to Facebook Connect.Scheduled story. NUJ . some web-based Twitter clients will use OAuth to connect to your account. O OAuth ² A new method that allows users to share information stored on one site with another site.a quick summary of a story.

Despite rave reviews. including LiveJournal. and WordPress. and the iPhone uses iOS (formerly known as iPhone OS). (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Orphan . PDA . usually by a prominent journalist. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Pay-per-view .A single programme that the viewer has to pay for. unlike the iPhone.Personal Digital Assistant. organiser and web client. Normally avoided. Open ID ² An open standard that lets users log in to multiple web sites using the same identity through a third party. which was once the leading smart phone company. Operating system ² A basic layer of software that controls computer hardware.Industry body representing independent cinema and tv producers. numerous phones use Google's Android operating system. It is supported by numerous sites. its authentication method is not particularly intuitive. the product is generally acknowledged to have come out too late to gain meaningful traction against the iPhone or Google's Android operating system. presenting an opinionated story. HP recently announced that it would acquire Palm.Op-ed . (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) PACT .Paid subscription service for TV. A hand-held computer combining a phone.The assemblage of pages by pasting type onto page mockups.A feature.First line of a paragraph appearing on the last line of a column of text. allowing other applications to be built on it. While Open ID has seen adoption among technical communities.Software with openly available code to allow developers or others to modify it. which are then photographed to be made into metal plates for the printing press. and it has not gained wide consumer acceptance. Pay TV . P Palm Pre ² A smart phone introduced in 2009 by Palm which uses webOS and allows for multitasking. Mac OS X and the open-source Linux. Smart phones also have operating systems. Pasteup .(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Open source software . The Palm Pre uses webOS. The most popular operating systems today for desktop computers are the various versions of Microsoft Windows. . Yahoo.

Portable Document Format ± a standard file format that allows web publishers to post documents viewable by any user who installs a copy of the free Acrobat Reader. Platform ² In the technology world. but it has been overtaken in popularity by languages such as Python and Ruby. when it stood for ³Personal Home Page.(noun) Computer program used to edit photographs.PDF . Computing platforms include . Perl can be used to pull large quantities of data down from websites and standardise and replace information in batch. which is designed to make the language dramatically more efficient. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Pitch .A metal ruler used by printers in the composing room to measure type by picas (12 points to the pica. It is criticized as being slow because it generates web pages on request.´ (It is now a recursive acronym. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) pica pole . Most monitors display around 1024 pixels wide by 768 pixels high. Today. PHP ² A popular web scripting language to generate web pages that was first developed in 1995.(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Photoblogging . eer-to-peer (P2P) ² A network architecture in which users share resources on their own computers directly with others. However. Pixel . Skype and BitTorrent are based on peer-to-peer technologies.Contributing photos to a blog. The pica pole is pounded against a metal surface in the ritual of banging out an employee leaving the premises for the last time. Perl was more popular in past years.Story idea sent to an editor by a reporter. Often used to speed up videos and large multimedia pieces that can take a long time to download. standing for ³PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor. Facebook and WordPress. Napster was an early example of a popular use of peer-to-peer architecture. Photoshop . six picas to the inch). Facebook recently released its internally developed version of HipHop for PHP. platform refers to the hardware or software that other applications are built upon. although it was not fully peer-to-peer. especially in the computer-assisted reporting community.´) Popular websites that are written in PHP are Wikipedia. Perl still has an active development community and is noted for the scope of its freely available libraries. which simplify development. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Perl ² A dynamic language that is often used to phrase and sort information because of its powerful abilities in manipulating text.An on-screen measurement.

Programming languages are used by software developers to create applications. More recently. in an extension of its commonly used definition. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Podcasts . Perl. Facebook has created a ³platform. Programming language ² A special type of language used to unambiguously instruct a computer how to perform tasks. These are commonly blocked with a pop-up blocker. news and searches. C. if needed. C++. PHP. This enables developers to create applications that sort information based on geography.A web advert that opens under the browser window. Objective C. Posterous ² A blogging and publishing platform to which users can submit via e-mail.Material held for later use.An alternative to MySQL. Python and Ruby are examples of programming languages.A web advert that pops up on screen.Periodical Publishers Association.A busy site often used as a starting point online through services such as messaging. using PostGIS extensions.MP3 audio recordings that can automatically download to a user's computer as soon as they are published online. Mobile platforms include Android. Pop-under/pop-behind .(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) PostgreSQL .Windows PC and Macintosh. Java. Industry body representing UK magazine publishers. JavaScript. it can push the content to other sites such as Flickr. iPhone and Palm's webOS.To add a comment to a blog. Portal . which can mean sorting by whether various places are within a certain county or pointing out the places that are geographically closest to the user. Through APIs. Post . It is a for-profit company based in San Francisco that came out of the YCombinator seed start-up program. Twitter and YouTube. PPA . HTML and XML are not programming . and for desktop operating systems.(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Pork . for mobile phones.Size of the type face. another free and open-source relational database management system on the Internet. PostgreSQL is preferred by some in the technology community for its ability to operate as a spatial database. including those for the web. Point size . Pop-up .´ allowing developers to build applications on top of it.

(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Q QuarkXPress . Pulitzer-Prize-winner .Web text that is activated by a down arrow on a web menu.py. R Radio spectrum . with relationships defined between them. reader .Selected quote from a story highlighted next to the main text. Pulitzer Prize . where author points to .A news story with editorialised. A news story might have columns for a headline.(courtesy of John E McIntyre) Pull-out quote . date. usually of considerable length. Python files generally end in . it is named after Monty Python. text and author. Prosumer . Relational database ² A piece of software that stores data in a series of tables.Right-hand page. Pulldown . written for Pulitzer jurors rather than the readership of the publication. Python ² A sophisticated computer language that is commonly used for Internet applications.An article of surpassing artistry or investigative virtuosity.Desktop publishing program.languages. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Proof .American journalism awards. It first appeared in 1991 and was originally created by Guido van Rossum. despite the unlikelihood that the former group will have read it in its entirety before bestowing the laurels. Puff piece . Quote .Marketing term used to describe professional consumers. Rate card .Copy of a laid-out page ready to be corrected. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Recto .An article devoid of immediate news interest that will supposedly be of interest to the readership. The prizes have been awarded by Columbia University since 1917.Total capacity of radio frequencies that can be received. Often used in interviews. Designed to be a very readable language. a Dutch computer programmer who now works at Google.Record of what a source or interviewee has said.A list of advertising rates provided by a publisher. complimentary statements. There are fourteen prizes for journalism. they are markup languages.

breaking news coverage of a major news event. but this allows for powerful queries. printed in red type.Exclusive.´ The power of Ruby on Rails. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Reporter . Java and DHTML that allow interactive or multimedia content. which can create websites quickly.A re-written or improved story. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Roadblock . Originally introduced in 1995 by Yukihiro ³Matz´ Matsumoto. Revision . Rim editor .This began life as Rich Site Summary in 1999.To publish a story. Ruby is open source and is very popular for content-based sites (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Ruby on Rails ² A popular Web framework based on the Ruby programming language that makes common development tasks easier ³out of the box. Ruby has gained increasing traction since 2005 because of the Ruby on Rails development framework. comes from how quickly it can be used to create a basic website. Oracle. Information must be structured.An organisation founded in 1985 that fights for press freedom around the world. then mutated to Really/Real Simple Simple Syndication in 2002.Artwork formats such as Flash.The sale of all the adverts on your home page to one advertiser. PostgreSQL and SQLite. often with additional quotes or facts. last name and email address. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Run . then Real Simple Synchronisation in 2005.another table containing the author's first name. refer .A short summary attached to an article indicated a related story elsewhere in the publication. Rich media . Examples include MySQL. Ruby ² An increasingly popular programming language known for being powerful yet easy to write with. S . a nonentity. RSS .Someone who writes and researches news stories.A withdrawal of a previously-published story or fact. which was developed by the Chicago-based firm 37 Signals. Reporters without borders . Most modern websites use some kind of relational database to store content.(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Redletter .A copy editor. Retraction .

A tool that allows users to enter a word or phrase to search a database. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Search box . Sell . (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Scripting language ² A programming language designed to be easy to use for everyday or administrative tasks. See also Pull-out quote. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) . Scoop . Perl. but other notables include Mailchimp and even Amazon Web Services. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) SEM (Search Engine Marketing) ² A type of marketing that involves raising a company or product's visibility in search engines by paying to have it appear in search results for a given word. which try to trick search engines into thinking a page is of higher quality than it actually is. which is based in San Francisco. Python and Ruby. where companies build a software solution.TV received through a satellite dish. It allows people to upload files and others to download in various formats.News or promotional material which a publisher or editor demands be published. SEO (Search Engine Optimization) ² A suite of techniques for improving how a website ranks on search engines such as Google. usually business-to-business. often for personal reasons. Scribd ² A document-sharing site that is often described as a ³YouTube for documents´ because it allows other sites to embed its content. Recently Scribd.the world's first citizen journalism photograph agency owned byGetty Images. Popular scripting languages include PHP. moved from Flash-based technology to HTML5 standards. Scoopt . Salesforce. which (to simplify) try to boost ranking by improving the quality of a website. often pulling out a quote or a interesting sentence.com is the best example.SaaS (Software as a Service) ² A pricing strategy and business model. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Sacred cow .Short sentence promoting an article. SEO can also refer to individuals and companies that offer to provide search engine optimization for websites. and charge a fixed monthly rate to access it on the Internet. It is a type of cloud computing. SEO is often divided into ³white hat´ techniques. Satellite television .An exclusive or first-published story. and ³black hat´ techniques. It may involve trade-offs such as sacrificing some performance for ease of programming.

Server .) is to check an article that has been copy edited before approving it for typesetting. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Skype .A lightweight framework written in Ruby that can be used to set up web services. Shockwave . APIs and small sites at lightning speed. Also the one-word working title of an article as it moves through production. in which documents are published in languages that are designed specifically for data. many say this vision remains largely unrealized.A vertical banner advert. Skyscraper . tags would identify the information.Semantic web ² A vision of the web that is almost entirely machine readable. SCOTUS (Supreme Court of the United States) is a familiar slug for an article about a Supreme Court decision. published by Macromedia. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Serif and Sans serif . Sinatra . the copy editor who checks and corrects the copy of other copy editors before approving it for publication.Plain font type with or without (sans) lines perpendicular to the ends of characters.On a copy desk. (Also see client side). Slot editor .A line of type set in metal on a Linotype machine. To slot (v. such as <ADDRESS> or <DATE>. Social graph ² A mapping of the connections between people and the things they care about that could provide useful insights. often known as the client. The term originally . rather than on the user's computer. the server.A computer that hosts the pages of a web site. where once a horseshoe-shaped desk enabled the slot editor to hand out paper copy to the copy editors on the rim. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Social bookmarking . usually at one side of a web page and 60 x 468 pixels in size. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Slug . While there has been progress toward this front.A service that allows users to store interesting website addresses publically on a web page and lets users network and pool recommendations. The term arises from the obsolete furniture of the newsroom.Software that allows the user to play multimedia animations.Popular free internet telephony tool sometimes used to produceSkypecasts.(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Server-sid ² Referring to when network software runs in a central location. In many implementations. It was first articulated by Tim Berners-Lee in 2001. or broadcast conference calls. the outside of the horseshoe.

spike .(From the Latin) Let it stand. Streaming . Splash . giving rise to the verb to spike. the AP Stylebook is similar to (but includes more rules than) a structured thesaurus in that it gives writers preferred terms to use and standards to follow. wikis. Strapline . The hardest word for a copy editor to use. photo-sharing sites like Flickr and social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter.An annoying flap of advertising copy that wraps around a portion of the front page of a section. 2) consuming and 3) sharing.promoted by Facebook and is now gaining broader usage.Line of text after the headline that gives more information about the article. Structured thesaurus ² A group of preferred terms created for editorial use to normalise and more effectively classify content. Social media is incredibly broad and refers to blogging. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Sticky content . Unlike legacy media.Content that encourages users to stay on one site for as long as possible.The spindle on which paper copy that was not to run was impaled. let the original copy go as written. social media generally allows three stages of interaction with content: 1) producing.An individual who provides information for a story.(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Social media ² A broad term referring to the wide swath of content creation and consumption that is enabled by the many-to-many distributed infrastructure of the Internet. a program that uses hyperlinks to make methodical searches of the web to provide information about pages for search engines. Spadia . Standfirst . (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Source . (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Spike . For example. so . video-sharing sites like YouTube.Front page story. stet . to kill a story. but used more as a marketing term.Similar to a subhead or standfirst. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Spider . preventing the reader from seeing the full page.Also known as a crawler or ant. rather than downloading files.Not to publish a submitted article. where the audience is usually on the receiving end of content creation.Watching or listening to video or audio in real time.

A type of rich media advert that downloads gradually without obscuring other content on the page. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) T Tabloid . used in the content it is describing. Tags can be specific terms. While in a taxonomy a node can be either a . such as <title> identifying the name of the web page. depending on location and bulk discount. etc. website navigation systems appear taxonomical in that users narrow down from broad top-level categories to the granular feature they want to see. Its fees are often pennies per month per gigabyte. Subhead . Tag ² A common type of metadata used to describe a piece of content that associates it with other content that has the same tag. S3 ² An online storage system run by Amazon that's often used as a cheap way to store (and serve) photos and videos used on websites.(courtesy of John E McIntyre) Taxonomy ² A hierarchical classification system. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Sub-editor . In the world of content.The person that checksand edits a reporters' work and adds headlines and standfirsts. An ontology is similar to a taxonomy in that it is also a classification system with nodes or entities. this can be a hierarchy of terms (generally called nodes or entities) that are used to classify the category or subject content belongs to as well as terms that are included in the content. locations. An article that is transmitted to the copy desk or the composing room as it is being written is sent in takes. usually more popular than pop ups. such as EC2.A smaller one-line headline for a story. In HTML. In many cases.Smaller print newspaper size. such as themes. tags usually come in sets of open and closed. The service is often used in conjunction with other Amazon Web Services. It is short for Simple Storage Service. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Take . Superstitials . For example: <title>This is the Title.</title>. The New York Times used S3 with EC2 in this way to process its archives. or more general terms that may not be explicitly stated. with the closed tag containing an extra slash (´/´) inside.everyone following AP Style writes the word ³website´ the same way. to allow customers to process large amounts of data with low capital investment. The term ³tag´ is also used in the context of markup languages.A section of an article. but it is more complex and flexible because ontologies allow for nonhierarchical relationships. people.

broader term or narrower term.TV sent through a beam transmitter directly into the home. Tip . Teeline . in an ontology nodes can be related in any way.The section. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) .Endorsement of a product.In page layout.Headlines at the top of a column.Proofreader's insertion mark for data to come. Testimonial .Powerful blog search engine.A numeral indicating the conclusion of a take of copy. Traffic . to put articles side by side so that the headlines are adjacent. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Tick-tock . Tie in .A lead of piece of new information about a new story. a term describing openness about information that has become increasingly popular. In many cases it is used to refer to the transparency of government releasing data to journalists and to the public. Also known as a tie back. in which national and foreign news was acquired by telegraph in the remote past.Placing the facts of a new story within the context of past events.A form of shorthand. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Top heads . a component of the copy desk. Sometimes written as TKTK. Technorati . It is often used in the context of journalists being open about their reporting process and material by sharing with their readers before the final project emerges or providing more context in addition to the final product. often by a celebrity or wellrespected client.A step-by-step account of how a particular event or phenomenon developed. Thirty . (courtesy of John E McIntyre) TK .Confusing technical jargon. Tombstoning .Amount of users recorded by a website.(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Technobabble . Transparency ² In the context of news and information. Telegraph section . The copy was edited on the telegraph desk. The phenomenon is also referred to as bumping heads. (courtesy of John E McIntyre) Terrestrial television .

A service that allows users to send 140 character messages to 'friends' via mobile SMS. . URI (Uniform Resource Identifier) ² The way to identify the location for something on the Internet.A blogger who mainly uses video and publishes on the internet. technical name for a web address. quotes and audio.such as photographs. User interface is one element of user experience. U UI (User Interface) ² The part of a software application or website that users see and interact with. UX (User Experience) ² Generally referring to the area of design that involves the holistic interaction a user has with a product or a service.A journalist who publishes video reports on TV and/or on the internet. content creation and psychology.(Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Twitter . Video blogger/Vlogger . Video journalist . User-generated content . (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) V Verso .Left-hand page.Tumblr ² A free short-form blogging platform that allows users to post images. comments. including engineering.Material created and submitted to sites by its users . video footage. It incorporates many disciplines. The company is based in New York City and competes with Posterous. graphic design. which takes into account the visual design and the structure of the program. that visit a web site. it is only a portion of the consideration. links. It is most familiarly in ³http:´ form. as identified by unique computer addresses. articles etc. but also encompasses ³ftp:´ or ³mailto:´ (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) URL . Upload . (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Unique users .To publish a file on the internet. website or Instant Messenger.A visitor or reader on a web site. video.The number of individual users. While graphic design is an element of user interface design.Uniform Resource Locator. User .

Opinionated and political web logs. . Technologies such as Ajax. Widow . (Also see semantic web) (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Widget . lecture or presentation delivered over the internet. Webmercials .uk's news headlines.Automated process of finding content on web pages and converting it into another form for use on another web site. homepage or social network. In contrast to Web 1. which allow for rapid communication between the browser and the web server.Vertical search engine .Online visual and/or audio broadcasts.co. The term was popularized by a 2004 conference. Webcasting . Warblogs .0 sites.A search engine containing information on a specific subject area.0 (roughly the first decade of the World Wide Web) where static content was downloaded into the browser and read. underlie many Web 2.g. Journalism.0 ² Referring to the generation of Internet technologies that allow for interactivity and collaboration on websites. W WAP .Similar format to television adverts used online. including the Pre and the Pixi. Javascript and CSS).application available to download or embed on a desktop. usually in real time. (Also see Ajax) (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Web 3.0 uses the Internet as the platform. Web scraping . Web 2.Wireless Application Protocol . Apps for webOS are developed using web standards (HTML.Last line of paragraph appearing on the first line of a column of text.an international standard for the application that enables access to a wireless internet network using a mobile device. held by O'Reilly Media and MediaLive.A seminar.0. It allows for having several applications open at the same time. unlike the current iPhone. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Webinar/Web conference .0 ² Sometimes used to refer to the semantic web. which will be automatically updated e. WebOS ² Operating system used on the latest generation of Palm smart phones. called Web 2. which means there is a low barrier to entry for web developers to create mobile apps for webOS as compared to other mobile platforms. Allows you to share content. Web 2.

an online Wiki encyclopedia. <make>.White text on a black or other coloured background.(courtesy of John E McIntyre) Wi-fi .´ A wiki enables the audience to contribute to a knowledge base on a topic or share information within an organization.An information site that can be edited and added to by readers. naming it WikiWikiWeb after the Hawaiian word for ³quick. Wikitravel. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) Wire service . It gained further popularity with the emergence of Ajax as a way to send back data from web services.(also the wire) The Associated Press or other news service whose dispatches are transmitted electronically to the publication. Atom. another data encoding format. and WikiLeaks (which was originally but is no longer a wiki). yet easy to use. Wires . Wob . like a newsroom. XML allows other information to be defined and passed such as <vehicle>. but has since lost ground to JSON. <model>. Whereas HTML is generally concerned with the semantic structure of documents. Other sites that have been branded ³wiki´ include Wikinews. which burst onto the scene around 2000 as one of the first examples of mass collaborative information aggregation. CNN and the LOLCats network. Wiki . First released by Matt Mullenweg in 2003.Wireless internet or network connection. Here is a list of wire news services. It is the parent language of manyXMLbased languages such as RSS. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) .´ Ward Cunningham created the first wiki. (Courtesy of Hacks/Hackers Survivak Glossary) X XML (Extensible Markup Language) ²A set of rules for encoding documents and data that goes beyond HTML capacities. WordPress ² The most popular blogging software in use today. The best-known wiki in existence is Wikipedia. and others. WordPress attracts contributions from a large community of programmers and designers who give it additional functionality and visual themes. <color> for a car. in large part because it is free and relatively powerful.Stories or photographs sent electrically to your desktop. See Wikipedia . <year>.Wiki ² A web site with pages that can be easily edited by visitors using their web browser. It has been criticized for security flaws. Sites that use WordPress include the New York Times blogs. which is seen as easier to work with. but generally now gaining acceptance as a prefix to mean ³collaborative.

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