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President posthumously bestows Nay Pyi Taw holds 71st Anniversary Independence
titles on two mily officers Day State Flag hoisting, saluting ceremony

Vol. V, No. 264, 14 th Waning of Nattaw 1380 ME Saturday, 5 January 2019

President U Win Myint, First Lady host

71st Anniversary Independence Day dinner

President U Win Myint and First Lady Daw Cho Cho greet diplomats at the dinner State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi greets attendees at the dinner commemorating 71st
commemorating 71st Anniversary Independence Day in Nay Pyi Taw.  PHOTO: MNA Anniversary Independence Day in Nay Pyi Taw.  PHOTO: MNA

RESIDENT U Win President U Win Myint and Chairman of the Constitution- Khin Lay Thet, Union Minis- Myanmar, representatives of
Myint and First Lady First Lady Daw Cho Cho greet- al Tribunal U Myo Nyunt and ters, the Union Attorney-gener- UN agencies in Myanmar and
Daw Cho Cho hosted ed the ambassadors and their wife Daw Htay Yi, Chairman al, the Union Auditor-General, their spouses recipients of titles
a dinner in commem- spouses, representatives of UN of the Union Election Com- the Chairman of the Union Civil and honours and their families
oration of the 71st Anniversary agencies and their spouses on mission U Hla Thein and wife Service Board, the Chairman and invited guests.
of Independence Day on the the lawn of the Presidential Daw Aye Thida, Deputy Com- of the Peace Commission, the During the dinner, fire-
front lawn of the Presidential Palace. mander-in-Chief of the Defence Chairman of the Nay Pyi Taw works were set off nearby and
Palace in Nay Pyi Taw yester- Also present at the dinner Services Commander-in-Chief Council, the Governor of the the Myanmar Radio and Tele-
day evening. The President and were State Counsellor Daw (Army) Vice-Senior General Soe Central Bank of Myanmar, vision presented entertainment
First Lady arrived at the dinner Aung San Suu Kyi, Vice Presi- Win and wife Daw Than Than Anti-corruption Commission programmes before and during
at 7:00 p.m. and cordially greet- dent U Myint Swe and wife Daw Nwe, Deputy Speaker of Pyithu Chairman, and Myanmar Na- the dinner. After the dinner,
ed the guests individually. Khin Thet Htay, Vice President Hluttaw U Tun Tun Hein and tional Human Rights Commis- the President, First Lady, State
At the dinner, Vice Pres- U Henry Van Thio and wife Dr wife Dr. Sein Sein Thein, Depu- sion Chairman and their wives Counsellor and guests were en-
ident U Myint Swe and wife Shwe Hlwan, Speaker of Pyithu ty Speaker of Amyotha Hluttaw and senior military officers and tertained by the Myanma Ra-
Daw Khin Thet Htay, Union Hluttaw U T Khun Myat and U Aye Tha Aung and wife Daw their wives, chairmen of Hlut- dio modern music troupe and
Ministers Lt-Gen Sein Win, U wife Daw Yin May, Speaker of Thein Yin Chay, Chairman of taw affairs committees, Deputy artists from the Department of
Kyaw Tint Swe, Dr. Pe Myint, Amyotha Hluttaw Mahn Win the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw’s Le- Ministers, Hluttaw representa- Fine Arts, Ministry of Religious
U Min Thu, U Kyaw Tin and Khaing Than and wife Daw gal Affairs and Special Cases tives, representatives of politi- Affairs and Culture. — MNA
their wives welcomed the in- Nant Kyin Kyi, Chief Justice Assessment Commission Thura cal parties, departmental heads,
vited guests. of the Union U Htun Htun Oo, U Shwe Mann and wife Daw diplomats of foreign missions in (Translated by Zaw Min)



Yangon puts AA launches massive coordinated Gold prices hit
on grand attacks on four border police outposts record high
spectacle for 71st in Buthidaung Township, leaves 9 in domestic
Independence Day injured, 13 police personnel killed market

Attendees and Guard of Honour salute the State Flag of Myanmar at the ceremony to celebrate the 71st Anniversary Independence Day in Nay Pyi Taw.  PHOTO: MNA

Nay Pyi Taw holds 71st Anniversary Independence

Day State Flag hoisting, saluting ceremony
71st Anniversary Independence citizens; to continuously strive Commission Chairman, Myan- Flag hoisting ceremony began
Day State Flag hoisting and with determined effort for the mar National Human Rights with Tatmadaw (Army, Navy,
saluting ceremony was held in balanced and equitable devel- Commission Chairman, Central Air) Guard of Honour contingent
Nay Pyi Taw City Hall yesterday opment of all states and regions; Bank of Myanmar Governor, marching into the area in front
morning. and to assist from all fronts the union level organisations, high of the City Hall to take up their
The ceremony was held with Union Government’s efforts for ranking Tatmadaw officers, 71st positions.
the aims of all National Ethnic private sector development and Anniversary Independence Day Next, Vice President U My-
Races to defend and protect with the emergence of a fully-devel- State Flag hoisting and saluting int Swe, in his capacity as chair-
“collective strength” to ensure oped market economy. ceremony organisation sub-com- man of the central committee Vice President U Myint Swe
Non-disintegration of the Union; The 71st Anniversary Inde- mittee chairman and members, for the 71st Independence Day reads the message sent from the
Non-disintegration of the Uni- pendence Day State Flag hoist- deputy ministers, invited guests, celebration, took his place on the President to 71st Independence
ty of National Ethnic Race and ing ceremony was held with the departmental officials from the dais and received the salute of Day celebrations.  PHOTO: MNA
Perpetuation of National Sover- flag hoisting platoon raising the ministries, officers and troops the Guard of Honour.
eignty; for the emergence of a flag at 4:20 a.m. from Pobbathiri cantonment, The Vice President, Guard of the union and took the four-point
Democratic Federal Union, to At 6 a.m. Pyithu Hluttaw Red Cross and fire service de- Honour and the people in attend- oath.
strive towards creating a suit- Deputy Speaker U Tun Tun partment officials, as well as the ance then saluted the Republic Finally, Vice President U
able Constitution for the State Hein, Amyotha Hluttaw Deputy local populace assembled at the of the Union of Myanmar State Myint Swe read a message sent
in accordance with democratic Speaker U Aye Tha Aung, Un- designated staging areas took Flag as the Tatmadaw Guard of by President U Win Myint for the
standards; to effectively combat ion Ministers, Union Attorney their places in front of the Nay Pyi Honour band played the national 71st Anniversary Independence
and protect against the use of General, Union Auditor Gener- Taw City Hall, where the State anthem. Day, received the salute of the
drugs and narcotic substanc- al, Union Civil Service Board Flag hoisting ceremony was held. The Guard of Honour also Honour Guard and concluded the
es which can harm and erode Chairman, Nay Pyi Taw Coun- At 6:45 a.m. the 71st Anniver- saluted the nation’s martyrs and ceremony.—MNA (Translated
the health and character of all cil Chairman, Anti-Corruption sary Independence Day State soldiers, who gave their lives for by Zaw Min)

NLD HQ celebrates 71st Anniversary Independence Day

71st Anniversary Independence society and it is a time of struggle mander-in-Chief of Defence
Day ceremony was held at Na- to achieve peace, freedom and Services, political parties and
tional League for Democracy happiness in the lives of the peo- organizations were put on record.
(Headquarters) in Bahan Town- ple. So we should raise the image The ceremony was attended by
ship, Yangon at 10 am yesterday. of independence and fulfill the National League for Democracy
At the ceremony, the State Flag, ambitions of the independence patron U Tin Oo, chair member
Bogyoke Aung San and the mar- leaders by striving resolutely U Ohn Kyaing, NLD central ex-
tyrs were saluted and then an toward the establishment of a ecutive committee members,
8 seconds silence observed in federal democratic union through Yangon Region Chief Minister U
memory of the monks, people unity and peace based on national Phyo Min Thein, Yangon Region
and students who lost their lives reconciliation. Let us all strive Hluttaw Speaker U Tin Maung
in the democracy revolution. towards becoming nationals who Tun and Deputy Speaker U Lin
In his opening speech, the are worthy of independence.” Naing Myint, Hluttaw represent-
chairman of the ceremony and Next, a 71st Independence atives, diplomats, members of the
central executive committee Day declaration of the Central NLD, political parties and civil
secretariat member U Han Thar Executive Committee of NLD society organizations and invited
Myint said “Now is a time of de- was read by central committee guests.—Zaw Gyi
The National League for Democracy commemorates 71 Independence
st veloping morality and psycho- member Dr. Myo Nyunt and (Translated by
Day at party headquarters in Bahan Township, Yangon.  PHOTO: PE ZAW logical foundations of Myanmar messages sent from the Com- Myat Thandar Aung)
5 JANUARY 2019

“ ‘Race’ is a collective noun applied to those who have lived through good
times as well as bad together for long years, and who have accepted that
they have a common destiny. It is a name given to a group of people who
believe in their distinct, common identity. Although due consideration
should be given to race, religion and language, a true patriotic spirit
depends on a traditional desire to live together through weal or woe.”

(Excerpt from the speech given by General Aung San Myanmar traditional Htamane festival in Tabodwe
on the middle terrace of the Shwedagon Pagoda on 20th August,1946) month.  PHOTO: HTAY LWIN (AMARAPURA)

President posthumously bestows titles on two mily officers

President U Win Myint bestows Thura bravery titles posthumously to Lt-Col Thura Thant Zin Oo of No. 11 Infantry Regiment (Left) and Lt-Col Thura Hla Htoo of No. 35 Infantry Regiment
(Right) to the respective wife of the recipient at the Presidential Palace in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday.  PHOTO: MNA

stow titles for bravery
was held yesterday morn-
eral Soe Win and wife Daw
Than Than Nwe, Pyithu
Hluttaw Deputy Speaker U
“Our Republic of the
Union of Myanmar has
been in existence in the
nationals in the country. It is
our duty and responsibility
and also of our descendants
of law, peace, stability and
nation building. Honoring
such outstanding persons
dent expressed his appre-
ciation and gratitude to the
award recipients and their
ing in the Theatre Room Tun Tun Hein and wife Dr. world with our own kings to retain the independence for their extraordinary families.
of the Presidential Palace Sein Sein Thein, Amyotha and palaces with pride achieved through the lives, contribution are a good The President con-
where President U Win My- Hluttaw Deputy Speaker since ages and has a long blood and sweat of such tradition and honoring the cluded his message by urg-
int delivered a speech and U Aye Tha Aung and wife history and tradition of leaders, and our forefathers honorable is in accord with ing all to cooperate hand in
presented the titles. Daw Thein Yin Chay, Py- being a country where as long as the world exists. Mingala Sutta and thus it is hand with the Government
The ceremony was at- idaungsu Hluttaw’s Legal ethnic national brethren It is the duty and re- being conducted, said the with collective strength in
tended by First Lady Daw Affairs and Special Cases lived together in harmony. sponsibility of us, all the President. an exemplary manner for
Cho Cho, State Counsellor Assessment Commission However in the 19th century citizens, to abide by and The President added the country to become a
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Thura U Shwe Mann and we came under powerful implement with all ethnic that honorary tiles were peaceful, stable, modern
Vice President U Myint wife Daw Khin Lay Thet, British colonial expansion- nationals the aims of the In- bestowed upon the recom- and developed democratic
Swe and wife Daw Khin Union Ministers, Union ists. Everyone knew that dependence Day National mendation of the scrutiny federal union and last a long
Thet Htay, Vice President Attorney General, Union national martyred leader Objectives and at the same board and two were be- time.
U Henry Van Thio and wife Auditor General, Union and independence archi- time make our country ing presented the Thura The President then
Daw Shwe Hlwan, Pyithu Civil Service Board Chair- tect, father of the Tatmad- modern, developed, peace- bravery award titles. The bestowed the Thura brav-
Hluttaw Speaker U T Khun man, Nay Pyi Taw Council aw Bogyoke Aung San and ful and stable. recipients went through ery titles posthumously to
Myat and wife Daw Yin May, Chairman and their wives, patriotic leaders, our par- During the time when difficulties and obstacles Lt.-Col Hla Htoo (BC 32760)
Amyotha Hluttaw Speaker Central Bank of Myanmar ents, grandparents, lives, a peaceful, stable, modern in their lives and still had of No. 35 Infantry Regiment
Mahn Win Khaing Than Governor, Chief of Gener- bloods, sweats had to be and developed democratic fulfilled the tasks assigned and Lt.-Col Thant Zin Oo
and wife Daw Nant Kyin al Staff (Army, Navy and sacrificed to regain the lost federal union is being aimed to them with much bravery (BC 34022) of No. 11 Infan-
Kyi, Union Chief Justice U Air), high ranking officials independence on 4 January for and established from all and sacrifice. Even though try Regiment. The titles
Htun Htun Oo, Constitu- of offices of Command- 1948 and become a free and sides and angles, a ceremo- the recipients themselves were accepted by the wives
tional Tribunal of Myanmar er-in-Chief (Army, Navy and sovereign Republic of the ny is held on this auspicious were no longer able to ac- of the award recipients Daw
Chairperson U Myo Nyunt Air), Hluttaw Affairs Com- Union of Myanmar” said 71st Anniversary Independ- cept the titles in person it Thuza Moe and Daw Cho
and wife Daw Htay Yi, Un- mittee chairmen, Deputy the President. ence Day to award titles to will forever be an honour Cho Aung.
ion Election Commission Ministers, representatives Independence was honour persons who put for their families and de- Afterwards the Presi-
Chairman U Hla Thein and of Hluttaw title winners and gained through the lead- in extraordinary contribu- scendants as it is a sym- dent took commemorative
wife Daw Aye Thida, Dep- their families. ership of martyred leader tions, disregarding their bol of a grateful State that group photos with the fam-
uty Commander-in-Chief In his speech the Pres- Bogyoke Aung San and lives and limbs with firm recognizes their ultimate ilies of the recipients and
of the Defence Services ident first welcomed the in- the courage, effort and minds, with exemplary and contribution. cordially greeted them. —
and Commander-in-Chief vited guests with wishes for united efforts, endeavors amazing bravery for the On behalf of the State MNA
(Army) Vice Senior Gen- their auspiciousness. and strengths of all ethnic security of the nation, rule and the people the Presi- (Translated by Zaw Min)

Gold leaves on
w w w.glob al n ewl i g hto f myan mar.c o m
stone of Kyaiktiyo
Aye Min Soe renewed
Kyaw Myaing GOLD leaves on the golden stone
of the Kyaiktiyo Pagoda will be
Zaw Min renewed from mid-January to 20
Zaw Htet Oo March, according to the pagoda’s
Win Ko Ko Aung
board of trustees.
INTERNATIONAL NEWS EDITOR Scaffolding work will start on
Ye Htut Tin, 17 January and is targeted to be completed on 28 January. Pasting
of gold leaves on the stone will
Tun Tun Naing (Editor), start on 29 January and the scaf- folding will be removed in mid-
Nwe Nwe Tun (Sub-editor),
March, once the pasting of leaves
is complete. The board of trustees
TRANSLATORS renews gold leaves on the stone
Khaing Thanda Lwin, every three years. Kyaiktiyo Pa-
Hay Mar Tin Win,
Ei Myat Mon
goda is a well-known Buddhist
Kyaw Zin Lin pilgrimage site in Kyaikto Town
Kyaw Zin Tun of Mon State.—Myo Win Tun
(Monywa)/(Translated by AMS) Kyaiktiyo Pagoda will be having its gold leaves renewed this year.  PHOTO: MYO WIN TUN (MONYWA)
May Thet Hnin,
Nyein Nyein Ei,
Yangon puts on grand spectacle for 71st Independence Day
Kyaw Zeya Win @ Phoe Khwar

A GRAND ceremony was held

Tun Zaw, Thein Ngwe, at the Maha Bandoola Park in
Zaw Zaw Aung, Ye Naing Soe, Yangon in commemoration of
Hnin Pwint, Kay Khaing Win, the 71st Independence Day yes-
Sanda Hnin, Thein Htwe
EDITORIAL SECTION The ceremony featured the
(+95) (01)8604529, raising and saluting of the na-
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tional flag.
CIRCULATION & DISTRIBUTION The flag was hoisted at 4:20
San Lwin, (+95) (01) 8604532, am, the hour when Myanmar
Hotline - 09 974424114 gained her independence from
the British Empire.
( +95) (01) 8604530, A ceremony to salute the
Hotline - 09 974424848 national flag was held at 4:25
am and Chief Minister of Yan-
gon Region U Phyo Min Thein
Printed and published at the Global New took the salute from the Guard
Light of Myanmar Printing Factory at of Honour and saluted the flag
No.150, Nga Htat Kyee Pagoda Road, Bahan
Township, Yangon, by the Global New Light
together with the people. Those
of Myanmar Daily under Printing Permit No. present at the ceremony also
00510 and Publishing Permit No. 00629. paid tribute to fallen leaders and
soldiers. Chief Minister U Phyo Min Thein also read a message sent
Yangon Region Chief Minister U Phyo Min Thein addresses the audience gathered in Maha Bandoola Park on
from President U Win Myint on 71st Independence Day.  PHOTO: MNA
the occasion of the 71st Inde-
pendence Day. Tun, Commander of Yangon gion Parliament, senior military from respective Universities and
Also present at the cere- Command Maj-Gen Thet Pon, officers, representatives from local people.—Thant Zin Win,
mony were Speaker of Yangon Yangon Region Chief Justice political parties, departmental Zaw Min Latt
Region Hluttaw U Tin Maung U Hla Aye, MPs of Yangon Re- officials, ethnic people, students (Translated by Kyaw Zin Lin)

Fire destroys 160 houses in Pyapon, Ayeyawady Region

Write for us
We appreciate your feedback and A fire broke out in a village in Pyapon Township and it police members from township ter and aid to the fire victims.
contributions. If you have any comments in Pyapon, Ayeyawady Re- spread to another houses and police station, fire fighters “Donors from villages and
or would like to submit editorials,
analyses or reports please email gion, about 2 pm on 3 January, ungulfed nine concrete houses, from Township Fire Service townships gave food, health destroying 167 houses and 25 wooden houses and 133 huts Department and volunteers put care service and other neces-
with your name and title.
Due to limitation of space we are only leaving about 600 people home- in No. 3 ward and No. 4 ward in off the fire. sary help to the fire victims”
able to publish “Letter to the Editor” less. Chaungwa Village. The authorities has estab- said U Thein Soe, administrator
that do not exceed 500 words. Should
you submit a text longer than 500 words The fire started at about The combined team com- lished a temporary shelter at of Phyapon Township.—Thu Za
please be aware that your letter will be 2:00pm at a thatched-roof bam- prising of officials from depart- the Thathana Tagun Monastery Nwe (Pyapon)
boo house in Chaungwa Village ment of disaster management, in the village and provided shel- (Translated by JT)
5 JANUARY 2019

Daily rice exports via Muse

drop 50% as China cracks
down on illegal trade
By Nyein Nyein by sea. But, the profits earned
from sea trade are higher than
MYANMAR’S daily exports of at Muse,” said U Min Thein.
rice through the Muse border There has been a grow-
gate have declined by half as ing stockpile of export-quality
China has intensified its crack- 25-mark rice in the market af-
down on illegal rice trade, said ter China intensified its crack
U Min Thein, the deputy chair down on rice trade, said U Than
of the Muse Rice Wholesale Oo, the secretary of the Bay-
Centre. intnaung Wholesale Centre in
“Since mid-October, 2018, Yangon.
China has intensified its crack- “The Yangon market has
down on Myanmar rice exports, seen a significant increase in
and consequently, traders are inflows of 25-mark rice, es-
facing difficulties in transport- pecially at the Bayaintnaung
ing rice. Merchants are making Wholesale Centre. Currently,
less profit as they are spending there is excess supply in the
more on transport charges than market. Merchants are now Gold jewellery displayed at a shop in Yangon.  PHOTO: PHOE KHWAR
earlier. The result is that rice ex- selling rice to exporters, who
ports to China have dropped sig- conduct normal trade, at a reg-
nificantly. Earlier, about 40,000
bags of rice were traded daily
at the Muse Wholesale Centre.
ular price. There have been
some difficulties in sale of rice,
including delays in discharge of
Gold prices hit record
high in domestic market
Currently, the number of bags freight,” he said.
traded at the centre has fallen For the time being, the
to about 20,000 a day,” said U market is seeing a decline not
Min Thein. only in exports of rice, but also
Myanmar mainly exports in rice prices, said U Min Thein.
rice to China through the Muse According to the Myanmar By Nyein Nyein market since mid-December to K1.04 million on 31 October.
(105th mile) trade zone. Now, the Rice Federation, Myanmar 2018. Gold prices stood at K1.044
country has raised exports of exported over 1.5 million tons GOLD prices reached a record “Right now, global gold pric- million on 2 November and de-
rice via sea. of rice and broken rice over high of K1.05 million per tical in es are skyrocketing. At present, clined to K1.027 million on 30
“Earlier, the Muse gate the last nine months, earning the domestic market on 4 Janu- gold is priced at almost US$1, November. The price of gold
accounted for 70 per cent of US$528 million. The current vol- ary, taking cues from the rising 300 per ounce in the global mar- touched a low of K987,000 in
the country’s total rice exports ume and value are lower than global gold prices, said U Ohn kets. There will be illegal out- early December, and rose to
with the remaining 30 per cent expected. Myaing, the general secretary flows of local gold if local prices K1.043 million in late December.
rice shipped through the mar- The MRF targeted to ex- of the Myanmar Gold Entrepre- are not linked with global gold Starting from 21 July, 2017,
itime routes. Currently, only port over two million tons of neurs Association. prices. Despite the price in- domestic gold prices have re-
35 per cent of border exports rice during the six-month mi- The current prices are crease, there is a high demand mained above K900,000, track-
have been conducted through ni-budget period in 2018. higher compared with the re- for gold in the local market.” ing high prices in the global
the normal trade routes on ac- Myanmar primarily ex- cord of K1.047 million reached said U Ohn Myaing. gold market. In 2017, gold prices
count of China’s crackdown, and ports 25-mark rice and broken in September, 2017, said trad- In the last three months, reached a record high of K1.047
exports of rice via sea have in- rice to China. ers. domestic gold prices recorded million on 20 September from
creased to 65%. Traders cannot (Translated by Gold prices have been ris- a low of K969,000 per tical on 1 K989,000 in August.(Translated
cover costs from rice exports Khaing Thanda Lwin) ing gradually in the domestic October. The prices increased by Khaing Thanda Lwin)

Mangiumcia growers visit Viet Nam to study technology, market

By Yamon The group left for Viet Nam sharing modern cultivation tech- to export mangiumcia timber log of mangiumcia is valued at
on 4 January and will arrive back niques and production technolo- overseas as raw material in the K300,000-K400,000.
A group of 24 growers culti- in Myanmar on 8 January, said gies, and creating more business future, he said. “The Japanese use this kind
vating Acacia mangium, the U Myo Ko Ko Thein, the chair of links in the international market. Mangiumcia is used to make of wood to make fuel pellets and
fast-growing flowering tree in the temporary association rep- The association will work consumer products such as pa- they want to import 500,000 tons
the pea family which is known resenting mangiumcia growers with experts, well-wishers, per and wood pulp, and in par- of mangiumcia per year from
as mangiumcia in Myanmar, is and producers. entrepreneurs, and local and quet flooring. It has become the Myanmar, if possible. Howev-
currently on a visit to Viet Nam The temporary association, foreign organisations to obtain tree of choice for commercial er, the country cannot produce
to explore market opportunities which was founded in November technology to carry out commer- plantations in Myanmar. Mangi- enough mangiumcia to meet the
and production technology. 2018, said it will register itself of- cial plantation. umcia is harvested after 15 years foreign demand as there are few
The trip is aimed at pro- ficially after the group concludes U Myo Ko Ko Thein said of planting. Myanmar imported growers,” said Daw Khin Mya
moting friendly ties with Viet- its visit to Viet Nam. After regis- the association will establish a mangiumcia, which is native to Oo, a mangiumcia grower.
namese mangiumcia growers’ tration, the association will invite factory to produce valued-added India, for over a decade. Raising public awareness
associations, exploring export members. products, and there are plans At present, Myanmar has on the cultivation of mangium-
opportunities for both finished The association has been to set up a public company in over 30,000 acres of mangium- cia tops the association’s list
and raw mangiumcia products, formed with the aim of increas- the future. He urged growers to cia plantations. A ton of man- of priorities, said U Myo Ko Ko
and observing the production ing the number of mangiumcia extend their mangiumcia planta- giumcia timber is currently Thein.
technology used by Vietnamese growers and developing forest tions because of market demand. priced at K700,000-K800,000 in (Translated by
producers. areas in Myanmar, seeking and Efforts are being made the domestic market, while a Khaing Thanda Lwin)

Foreign Heads of State send felicitations to President U Win Myint

The following are messages of felicitations from Foreign Heads of State / Government sent to President of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar U Win Myint, on
the occasion of the 71st Anniversary Independence Day of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.

From His Majesty King of Thailand On the auspicious occasion of the 71st Anniversary
Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayava- of the Independence Day of the Republic of the Union From His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal
rangkun of Myanmar, on behalf of the entire Lao people and on Bolkiah
On the occasion of the Independence Day of the my own behalf, I have the great pleasure to convey my Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei
Republic of the Union of Myanmar, I am pleased to heartiest congratulations and best wishes to Your Ex- Darussalam
extend to Your Excellency my cordial felicitations and cellency and the entire people of Myanmar. I have great pleasure in sending my warmest con-
best wishes for your good health and happiness as well I firmly believe that the friendship and the tradi- gratulations to you and to the government and people of
as for the great success and prosperity of the Republic tional long-standing bond of close cooperation between the Republic of the Union of Myanmar on your country’s
of the Union of Myanmar and her people. our two countries will be further strengthened and Independence Day.
I am truly convinced that the wide-ranging coopera- enhanced in the years to come for the mutual benefits Our two countries and people have long enjoyed
tion efforts between our two countries, driven by shared of our two peoples. close friendship since we established diplomatic rela-
commitment and Your Excellency’s string support, will On the occasion of the New Year 2019, I would like to tions 25 years ago. Through these much-valued relations,
further strengthen our close ties of friendship in the extend my best wishes to Your Excellency good health, we have benefitted many areas of cooperation and I
many years ahead. happiness and success in your noble tasks for the con- look forward to strengthening these important ties in
tinued progress and prosperity of the Myanmar people. the years ahead.
From General Payut Chan-o-cha (Ret.) With my kindest regards and very best wishes for
Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Thailand From Nguyen Phu Trong a happy celebration.
On behalf of the Royal Thai Government and the President of the Socialist Republic of
people of Thailand, I have the honour to extend my warm- Viet Nam From Mr. Ueli Maurer
est congratulations and best wishes to Your Excellency On the occasion of the 71st anniversary of the Inde- President of the Swiss Confederation
and the people of Myanmar on the auspicious occasion pendence Day of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, On behalf of the Swiss Federal Council and the
of the 71st Anniversary of the Independence Day of the on behalf of the State and people of Viet Nam, I have people of Switzerland, it gives me great pleasure to send
Republic of the Union of Myanmar. the honour to extend to Your Excellency and, through you and your country’s people our best wishes for your
Thailand and Myanmar have always enjoyed am- Your Excellency, to the State and people of Myanmar day of independence. I would also like to take this op-
icable ties and understanding. Not only do we share the warmest congratulations. May Myanmar, under portunity to wish a peaceful and serene future – for you
traditional, cultural and religious values, but also face Your Excellency’s clear-sighted leadership, continue in your official role as well as for the residents of your
intertwined challenges and opportunities as close neigh- to achieve greater accomplishments in the cause of country.
bours. Upon the foundations built by these common reform and national development and raise her status Switzerland is committed to maintaining a strong
bonds, I am delighted that our two countries have suc- in the international arena. relationship with the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.
cessfully become Natural Strategic Partners. I am delighted to note that, in the past year, the Viet Through the renewal of its cooperation strategy in Myan-
I wish to take this opportunity to reassure you that Nam-Myanmar Comprehensive Cooperative Partner- mar for 2019-2023, Switzerland will continue supporting
Thailand is committed to deepening our bilateral coop- ship has continued to be strengthened and deepened. your country in its efforts to achieve peace, democracy
eration in all areas and working together with Myanmar It is my conviction that, with the joint efforts of the and sustainable development. We look forward to build-
to promote peace and prosperity in the region. leadership and people of our two countries, the fine ing on this for the prosperity and benefits of our people.
relations between Viet Nam and Myanmar will elevate Please accept, Excellency, the assurances of my
From Bounnhang Vorachith to new heights, for the benefits of our people, and for highest consideration.
President of Lao People’s Democratic peace, stability, cooperation and prosperity in the region
Republic and the world at large. SEE PAGE-7

Foreign Heads of State send felicitations to State Counsellor

The following are messages of felicitations from Foreign Heads of State / Government sent to State Counsellor and Union Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic
of the Union of Myanmar Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, on the occasion of the 71st Anniversary Independence Day of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.

From Mr. Hun Sen of the Independence Day of the Republic of the Union of Viet Nam, I have the honour to extend to Your Ex-
Prime Minister of Cambodia of Myanmar, on behalf of the Government of the Lao cellency, the Government and people of Myanmar the
I would like to extend my heartfelt congratulations People’s Democratic Republic and on my own behalf, warmest felicitations.
to Your Excellency and the People of Myanmar on the I would like to express my sincere congratulations I wish to congratulate the country and people
joyous occasion of the 71st Anniversary of the Independ- and best wishes to Your Excellency and through Your of Myanmar on their important achievements re-
ence Day of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. Excellency to the Government of the Republic of the corded over the past 7 decades. It is my conviction
I am gratified by the longstanding amicable ties Union of Myanmar. that, under your Government’s effective administra-
between Cambodia and Myanmar which so happily I strongly believe that the long-standing traditional tions, Myanmar will achieve greater success in the
exist since the establishment of our diplomatic re- bond of friendship and good cooperation both bilateral cause of national construction and development, and
lations many decades ago. With our joint efforts, I and multilateral stages between our two countries as continue to elevate her position in the region and the
remain firmly optimistic that our bilateral relations well as our two governments will be further enhanced. world.
will be further consolidated and expanded, and our two I stand ready to working closely as well as with Your I am delighted by the positive developments in the
peoples will enjoy greater prosperity in years to come. Excellency in order to bring about mutual benefits traditional friendship between Viet Nam and Myan-
May I take this opportunity to extend to Your of the two countries and two peoples as well as for mar in recent years. More significantly, the frequent
Excellency my best wishes for your personal good peace, friendship and cooperation in the region and high-level visits and meetings have helped reinforce
health, happiness and greater success in fulfillment of international fora. and strengthen the mutual trusts and understanding
your noble tasks and for the prosperity of the friendly as well as the existing fine cooperation between our
people of Myanmar. From Mr. Nguyen Xuan Phuc two countries, both bilateral and within multilateral
Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic of frameworks. I am truly convinced that, with the con-
From Thongloun Sisoulith Viet Nam certed efforts of our two Governments, the Compre-
Prime Minister of the Lao People’s On the occasion of the 71st anniversary of the hensive Cooperative Partnership between Viet Nam
Democratic Republic Independence Day of the Republic of the Union of and Myanmar will further blossom in the years ahead.
On the auspicious occasion of the 71st anniversary Myanmar, on behalf of the Government and People
5 JANUARY 2019

President confers bravery titles on soldiers

Interviewer: Myo Thu, But I feel down-hearted for the
Lu Maw loss of my husband and would
like to say again that I am very
ON the occasion of the 71st An- proud of them.
niversary of the Independence
Day of the Republic of the Union Daw Cho Cho Aung, wife of
of Myanmar, a ceremony to con- Lt-Col Thura Thant Zin Oo
fer bravery titles was held in the I have received this honor-
Theater Room at the Presidential ary award conferred by the State
Palace in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday. on behalf of my husband Lt-Col
At the ceremony, President U Thura Thant Zin Oo. I feel very
Win Myint presented two Thura proud of my husband who sacri-
title winners for their bravery, and ficed his life while performing his
the following are interviews with duty for the State and Tatmadaw,
their family members. and feel thankful for the State to
confer this award with ceremony.
Daw Thuzar Moe, wife of Lt- I know that this honorary award is
Col Thura Hla Htoo conferred to those who sacrificed
I am a Middle School teach- their lives for the State. On the
er and teaching at No.1, B.E.H.S auspicious occasion of the anni-
in Meiktila. I have attended this versary of the Independence of
ceremony to accept the honorary Daw Thuzar Moe.  PHOTO: MNA Daw Cho Cho Aung.  PHOTO: MNA the country, I am very pleased
award on behalf of my husband, and feel proud of being a wife of a
Lt-Col Thura Hla Htoo. I feel I would be very pleased to ber of his family and he sacrificed to maintain the perpetuation and Tatmadaw soldier. I looked upon
proud of my husband who sacri- see as a family member or as a his life without having any fear for eternal peace of the country. them as noble men for their sac-
ficed his life for the cause of the member of the audience under the sake of the country and the As an ordinary person, I am rifices and bravery in action, and
State and Tatmadaw because the the stage if my husband had re- people. I would like to say that very proud of the Tatmadaw sol- I pay respect to them forever.
State has conferred this award ceived the award in person on the not only the Tatmadaw but also all diers who sacrificed their lives (Translated by
with ceremony. stage. I feel proud of being a mem- our fellow citizens are duty bound for the country and the people. Win Ko Ko Aung)

Foreign Heads of State send felicitations to President U Win Myint

FROM PAGE-6 of the celebration of your Independence Day. On behalf of the people of the Slovak Republic and
I wish the people of Myanmar continued peace, on my own behalf I have a great pleasure to convey
From Milos Zeman, progress, and prosperity, and send my best wishes to my warmest congratulations on the occasion of the
President of the Czech Republic you for your well-being and happiness. National Day of your country. May I take this oppor-
I would like to sincerely congratulate you and the Please accept, Your Excellency, the assurances tunity to wish the Republic of the Union of Myanmar
people of your country on the Independence Day of of my highest consideration. and all its citizens peace, stability, prosperity and
your country. strengthening of democratic society.
I avail myself of this opportunity to express my From Sheikh Hasina, I believe that the friendly relations and coopera-
firm conviction that the friendly relations between our Prime Minister of Bangladesh tion between our two countries will continue to develop
two countries will continue to develop and deepen in I would like to convey our heartiest felicitations to their mutual satisfaction.
many areas. and best wishes to Your Excellency and through you Accept, Mr President, the assurances of my high-
I wish you and the people of Myanmar lots of to the peoples of Myanmar on the auspicious occasion est consideration.
success in the future. of the Independence Day of the Republic of the Union
of Myanmar. From Miguel Diaz-Canel Bermudez
From Md. Abdul Hamid, As a neighbor Bangladesh attaches great impor- President of the Council of State and Min-
President of Bangladesh tance to her relations with Myanmar. We would like to isters of the Republic of Cuba
The Government and the people of Bangladesh see the region grow and prosper in an environment of Upon the celebration of the 71st anniversary of
and I would like to convey our best wishes and warm peace, security, stability and development. Bangladesh the Proclamation of Independence of the Republic
felicitations to Your Excellency and through you to is committed to work together with the Government of the Union of Myanmar, I extend to you our cordial
the Government and the people of the Republic of of Myanmar whereby the peoples of our countries congratulations and I express to you our wishes to
Union of Myanmar on the auspicious occasion of the can realize their progressive goals and aspirations. broaden the relations of friendship and cooperation
Independence Day. I avail myself of this opportunity to wish you between our countries.
Bangladesh is steadfast and resolute in her policy good health and happiness and continued peace and Please receive assurances of my highest con-
of ‘friendship to all, malice towards none’. With this prosperity for the peoples of the Republic of the Union sideration.
objective in mind, Bangladesh will continue to work of Myanmar.
with Myanmar to bring about shared peace, prosperity Please accept, Excellency, the assurances of my From Kim Yong Nam,
and development for the peoples of our two countries. highest consideration. President
I take the opportunities to extend my best wishes Presidium
to your personal well-being and success and continued From Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, Supreme People’s Assembly
progress and prosperity of the peoples of the Republic President of the Portuguese Republic Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
of the Union of Myanmar. On the occasion of the National Day of the Repub- I extend my warm congratulations to you and
Please accept, Excellency, the assurances of my lic of the Union of Myanmar, I would like to convey to your friendly government and people on the oc-
highest consideration. to Your Excellency my congratulations and sincere casion of the 71st anniversary of the Independence
wishes for your personal well-being and for the pro- of Myanmar.
From Jigme Khesar gress and prosperity of the people of Myanmar. I avail myself of this opportunity to wish you
King of Bhutan greater success in your responsible work for peace,
I am pleased to convey warm felicitations on be- From Andrej Kiska stability and prosperity of the country.
half of the people of Bhutan, on the joyous occasion President of the Slovak Republic
5 JANUARY 2019

We must work The Architect of Sovereignty, and Myanmar’s First Independence Day Myanmar Daily Weather Report
(Issued on Friday 4 January 2019)

together with An Interview with veteran

journalist Hanthawaddy
He made extreme scarifies for the
country, and that he had no time
Thaung Sein escorted Galon U
Saw to the gallows. At the last mo-
hrs MST: During the past (24)hours, light rain has been isolated

honesty and
U Ohn Kyaing for proper dress code. ment, U Saw said that in 1938, he in Taninthayi Region, weather has been partly cloudy in Upper
Question: Once Bogyoke had acquired a standing Buddha Sagaing, Bago and Yangon regions, (Southern and Eastern) Shan,
By Ye Gaung Nyunt, Aung San mentioned that he statue made of Thitkanet black Kayah, Kayin and Mon states and generally fair in the remaining
Nandar Win

preferred to have boiled garden hard wood, and that he experi- regions and states. Night temperatures were (2°C) below January
PHOTO: PHOE HTAUNG pea and round Indian flat bread. enced all the bad omen and ill average temperatures in Yangon Region, Northern Shan, Chin
Please tell us in this regard. lucks from the very day he got the and Rakhine states and about January average temperatures in
(CONTINUED FROM THE Bogyoke who loved boiled Buddha statue. He asked his wife the remaining regions and states. The significant night tempera-
ARTICLE APPEARED IN THE garden pea and left over rice Ma Than Khin to donate the Bud- tures were (-2°C) in Haka, (1°C) in Heho and (4°C) each in Hsipaw,
3 JANUARY ISSUE) Namhsan, Pinlaung, Loilin, Tiddim and Ramthlo.

Answer: Sure. I would like to dha statue to Shwedagon Pagoda.
I would like to urge all the national people to strive with talk about that matter for confir- He also told U Tin Maung that BAY INFERENCE: Weather is a few cloud over the Bay of
goodwill for the building of a democratic federal union, mation in the chronicle. He was he had no grudge whatsoever over Bengal and partly cloudy to cloudy over the Andaman Sea.
for peace, prosperity, and modernization of the union, and born in upcountry of Myanmar, Bogyoke Aung San and also not an SPECIAL FEATURES: According to the observations at
for everyone to enjoy the fruits of democracy regardless and led a very simple way of life. enemy, but he did not know and (18:30) hrs MST today, the Tropical Storm (Pabuk) over the Gulf
of the states and regions they reside in,” said President U Win He never ever making fuss around understand himself why he had of Thiland and has continuously crossed Chang Klang (Thailand).
Myint, in his message to commemorate the 71st Independence for meals all of his life. committed such a conspiracy in It is forecast to move Westwards and reach to Andaman Sea.
Day yesterday. One day, Bogyoke Aung San the assassination of Bogyoke. U FORECAST VALID UNTIL AFTERNOON OF 5 January
There is much to take note of in the President’s message. It and the British Governor had a Saw wished this kind of killing be 2019: Rain will be fairly widespread in Taninthayi Region, Kayin
encourages us to be united in goodwill and kindness as we strive discussion on the future of Myan- the last one in the cycle of life. and Mon states, scattered in Shan and Kayah states and isolated
to develop our nation, and instill peace and prosperity throughout mar. The intended future meet- This was the last confession of in Bago and Yangon regions, Kachin State. Degree of certainty
the land as we continue to establish a democratic federal union ing was supposed to be taken up Galon U saw. is (80%). Weather will be partly cloudy in the remaining regions
in the present age. with Mr. Atlee in London. Bogy- Question: Please tell us the and states.
The essential components Hanthawaddy U Ohn Kyaing. oke came back home and called situation of media in the past STATE OF THE SEA: Occassional Squalls with rough seas
to a free, independent Myan- for Cabinet and Executive Com- and the present. will be experienced Deltaic, Gulf of Mottama, off and along Mon
mar are a successful peace mittee meeting in debriefing his Answer: During our era, the –Taninthayi Coasts. Surface wind speed in squalls may reach
The main process and the establishment Question: Please explain colleagues. media enjoyed freedom. If we had (40) mph. Sea will be moderate elsewhere in Myanmar waters.
of a democratic federal union. his simple way of life and his On that day, he wrote to his written anything wrong, we are Wave height will be about (8-10) feet in Deltaic, Gulf of Mottama,
ingredient for To achieve these objectives, all dress code. wife Daw Khin Kyi on a simple Question: Please tell us any of U Saw, and that the Bama Khit important in history. U Saw was fined with three thousand Kyats. off and along Mon –Taninthayi Coasts and about (4-6) feet off and
citizens need to unite in good- Simple and modest Bogyoke sheet asking that he would like to specific experience travelling Newspaper reported it first to the hospitalized at Yangon General If we smear other persons, we along Rakhine Coasts.
ensuring the will and genuine kindness. Answer: I am always careless have boiled garden pea and left along with Bogyoke. public. Hospital, where Bogyoke visited were charge with the bind of law. OUTLOOK FOR SUBSEQUENT TWO DAYS: Likelihood
This fact must be expounded in my clothing; however, Bogyoke over rice (customary staple break- Answer: While we were trav- Our newspaper was late and cheered up the same evening. Therefore, we abide by the media of scattered to fairly widespread rain or thundershowers in Yan-
success of the at every opportunity. The third
21st Century Panglong Con-
was far more casual and humble
in his dress code. When he stayed
fast for common people) sprinkled
with ground nut oil. He signed on
elling to Panglong, U Pu Galay
was with Bogyoke on the vehicle,
because we had been telling the However, U Saw assumed ethics. I had the opportunity in at- gon and Taninthayi regions, Shan, Kayha, Kayin and Mon states.
news to Bogyoke, giving assump- the assassination plot was car- tending Bachelor of Arts (Journal-
peace process ference has been successfully
convened for strengthening
at home, he used to wear only mil-
itary green vest with common cot-
it, and asked Bo Tun Hla to deliver
it to Daw Khin Kyi. I was there
a Bedford car complemented from
US army, and that we had to follow
tion that it might be the assassina-
tion attempt to Bogyoke. However,
ried out with the instruction of
Bogyoke, as the location of Peo-
ism) in 1952-1953 at the Rangoon
University. We maintained ethics.
AREA FOR 5 January 2019: Partly cloudy.
and building national reconciliation and
ton sarong. If there was no work
to carry out, he did gardening and
near him.
As had been requested, Daw
them in another vehicle. On the
way, the people from AFPFL and
he responded that there was no
conspiracy at all as he had no ene-
ple’s Power Journal and Burma
Communist Party Headquarters
We were not the same with the
media people of today.
FOR 5 January 2019: Partly cloudy.

a democratic The conference has

reached agreements on dem-
planting vegetables in the com-
pound and lived a life of simple
Khin Kyi fulfilled the wish by
placing left over rice with boiled
government officials from towns
and cities welcomed Bogyoke and
my, and added that he was working
for the country and did not mind
of Thakin Than Tun was situated
in Myaynigone Ward. That was more.
Question: Please tell us AREA FOR 5 January 2019: Generally fair weather.

federal union ocratic practices and federal

principles. As we move to-
way. He dressed up only when Bo
Tun Hla and Daw Khin Kyi urged
pea, adding ground nut oil into
an ordinary simple enamel bowl.
entertained with refreshments.
Bogyoke refused to be with
if anyone would like to kill him. If
they intend to kill him, he said that
the reason why U Saw assumed
that the killing intrigue was the
Answer: We have some differ-
ences in the past and the present.
dershowers will be scattered in Yangon Region and isolated in
Nay Pyi Taw and Mandalay Region.

is mutual wards ensuring peace and

democracy, we must strive
him to do so.
On 17 June 1947, he dressed
At that time, the country had no
proper cutlery, but homemade
them for longer period as he had
to be in Panglong in time, and
he was ready to die. We insisted
to keep security team, but he did
conspiracy of Bogyoke Aung San
using the secret arms of People’s
We followed the rules and law, and
uphold ethics. In present era, the
together with pure goodwill up clean and neat when he de- crude spoon made out of metals
trust. We
therefore, he did not waste time. not listen. Yebaw (Comrades) Organization. people in the media are young
and genuine kindness. Once
we achieve both lasting soli-
livered a speech from the upper
deck of portico at the City Hall
from crashed aircrafts during
the war. There was no problem
He stopped the car where he pre-
ferred and ate the meals at his Risky situation
In fact, the real culprits were
Ba Swe and Bo Pe Chit. In the book
in age and I am of the view they
lacked in the study of journalism
Adver t is e w it h us/ Ho t Line
must shun darity among the national rac- to the public gathered at Maha in using such homemade crude
: 09974 4 24 84 8
own expense. He also paid for the I would like to talk about the entitled “Who Killed Aung San?” and in professional way, which is
es and national reconciliation, Bandoola Park. metal spoon for Bogyoke Aung meals that we enjoyed. shadowy shooting incident that written by Khin Aung, mentioned compounded with the interferenc-
discrimination with actions based on mutual Sadly, on another occasion he San. Generally, he was sitting on Next, we arrived at Tauggyi occurred at Myaynigone Ward. that General Ne Win was the con- es of foreign intervention.

Invitation to
trust, understanding, and co- was in neat attire when he was a common and ordinary two seats where they had arranged a pub- The British Governor invited Bo- spirator, which was totally wrong. The foreign hands are provid-
and thoughts operation, we will, without a assassinated. He wore a double settee made of cane, old and worn lic meeting, but Bogyoke did not gyoke in the morning and U Saw I am not going to clarify about that ing the media with some sort of

young writers for

doubt, succeed in establishing length men’s silk sarong in a shin- out piece. Nothing was grandeur waste time as he was heading di- in the evening with regard to the matter. assistances, and that if our people
of prejudice. a peaceful democratic federal ing black shoe with pink color My- or splendor. rect to Panglong. It showed the invitation to London. worked for the sake of such cash,
union, an ideal we are all wish- anmar turban that matches with

Sunday Special
Question: Tell us about the way of thinking of Bogyoke on his At that time, Bo Pe Chit The remorse of Galon U Saw and then they might become the
ing for and working towards. white silk shirt. I remembered only relationship with the journalists. concentration and thoughts on one and Yangon Ba Swe were in When Galon U Saw was es- slaves of money. They did not care
The main ingredient for two days Bogyoke was in his best Answer: Bogyoke had high main subject to be implemented Myaynigone Ward after having corted to the death gallows, I was for being sent to prison with the
ensuring the success of the peace process and building a dem- clothing, neat and clean. impression on journalists, and at the earliest. He moved straight heavy drinks from the local squat- there. During that period, I was hope and believe of the foreign The Global New Light of Myanmar is accepting submissions
ocratic federal union is mutual trust. We must shun discrimi- As a leader of the nation, he treated them like brothers. He to his destination. Throughout ter there. Bo Pe Chit was earlier friendly with the warden, assistant relief and assistance, and then it of poetry, opinion, articles, essays and short stories from
nation and thoughts of prejudice. One way to achieve this is to had no time to choose fine cloth- always informed the journalist in young people for its weekly Sunday Next Generation Platform.
our dealing and relationship as a member of Dedaye Thakin Soe wardens and staff members, and is tantamount to destroying the
Interested candidates can send their work to the Global
inculcate sympathy, loving-kindness, and patience. By doing so, ing. Almost working for (24) hours, advance about his schedules and journalist, he was always straight Association, and later he became a that the warden was Wunna Kyaw country. It could be compared with New Light of Myanmar at No. 150, Nga Htat Kyee Pagoda
we will be able to build a promising future. We must cast away and when he was sitting in his plans. He always welcomed the forward with us and candid. member of Insurgent Suppression Htin U Tin Maung, who happened the sad incident of King Thibaw Road, Bahan Township, Yangon, in person, or by email to
suspicion and nurture complete trust as we work together to find chair, he was thinking something journalists, as he believed and had One day, an incident had oc- Military Unit holding the position to be my second cousin. Min being taken away to India. with the following
information: (1) Sector you wish to be included in (poetry,
solutions. With complete solidarity among the nation’s races, we seriously for the country. He never faith in journalists. The journalists curred that some arms and am- of an officer with a revolver of point I wanted to take a photograph That was why, I had poured out my opinion, etc.), (2) Own name and (if different) your penname,
must strive together for the emergence of a constitution drafted felt unhappy or depressed, but always informed the people with munition from COD compound 45 caliber. and that I got a small camera as hard feelings on the day of respect (3) Your level of education, (4) Name of your School/College/
in accordance with democratic practices and federal principles contemplate and work on the plan accurate news and that Bogyoke in Bothataung Township were When Bo Pe Chit, in heavy small as a lighter, and took the paying ceremony to the veteran University, (5) A written note of declaration that the submitted
that suit our nation. that he thought appropriate. understood the condition. During taken out by an unknown group drinks, saw the vehicle and U Saw, photos secretly. At that time, the writers a few days ago. piece is your original work and has not been submitted to any
other news or magazine publishing houses, (6) A color photo of
In conclusion, just as the President urged, we, the citizens His main focus of thinking the time of Bogyoke, there were of people. he took out the revolver and shot Secretary of Justice Ministry was The interviewers thanked the the submitter, (7) Copy of your NRC card,
of the Union of Myanmar, must strive to achieve the best in our was independence of the nation. only (12) to (13) official press con- Moreover, some weapons at U Saw. The bullet shattered the U Thaung Sein, who was also a veteran journalist and the inter- (8) Contact information (email address, mobile number, etc.).—
respective spheres so that our country can stand firmly and He was in fact a national hero, a ferences taken place. He always from Mingaladon Military Muni- front windshield of the car and Commissioner of Penitentiary view came to an end. Editorial Department,
proudly on the global stage, with resolute ethnic solidarity and separate entity that a common informed us offhandedly all his tions Depot were taken away. We hit U Saw and severely injured Department. The Global New Light of Myanmar
lasting sovereignty. individual could never take up. work plans. heard that it was the conspiracy the eye. This episode was very Next, U Tin Maung and U (Translated by UMT (Ahlon)

AA launches massive coordinated attacks on four border police outposts

in Buthidaung Township, leaves 9 injured, 13 police personnel killed

Bullet holes and damages left by coordinated attacks by AA insurgents on four police outposts in Buthidaung Township, Rakhine State on 4 January 2019.  PHOTO: MNA

As a result of massive coordi- dents occurred, patrolling col- put up a stiff resistance. The launched by the AA insurgent four villages which are in the
nated attacks launched by the umns from the number 8 Border AA insurgents tried to overrun group, 9 police personnel were vicinity of the four border police
AA insurgent group on four Police Company and Tatmadaw these outposts using superior killed and 2 were injured from outposts have abandoned their
border police outposts in Buthi- columns rushed to these out- numbers. However, in spite of the Ngamyinbaw police outpost. villages. Efforts are being made
daung township of Rakhine State posts to provide support. They their efforts to break down the From the Kyaungtaung police to locate them.
yesterday morning, 9 police per- arrived at Ngamyinbaw outpost fence they failed in their attempt outpost, 2 police personnel were The Union Government
sonnel were injured and 13 lost at 9:35 a.m., Kyaungtaung out- to take over these outposts so killed and 1 police was injured. has been working strenuously
their lives, it is learnt. post at 12:15 p.m., Gokepi out- the insurgents surrounded the From the Gokepi police outpost, with special focus for peace and
The massive coordinated post at 9:20 a.m. and Khahtihla two outposts. Beginning from 3 police personnel were injured. development of Rakhine State.
attacks which occurred at 6:45 outpost at 9:30 a.m. to provide 8:10 a.m. in the morning, two From the Khahtihla police out- These acts of terrorist attacks
a.m., involved the use of small assistance and support. Tatmadaw helicopters provid- post, 2 police personnel were by the AA further complicate the
and heavy firearms. An estimat- Before the relief columns ed air support. Tatmadaw relief killed and 3 were injured. current situation.
ed 100 group of AA insurgents arrived at the Ngamyinbaw out- military columns used massive In this incident, a total of 13 This is a carefully planned
attacked Ngamyinbaw police post and Kyaungtaung outpost, firepower to break through the police personnel lost their lives premeditated attack to harm the
outpost, an estimated 100 group due to more pressure exerted by insurgent lines surrounding the and 9 were injured. An assorted lives and property of the people
of AA insurgents attacked the the AA insurgent group, the po- two outposts. number of 40 firearms, 16111 and to further aggravate the in-
Kyaungtaung police outpost, an lice personnel at these outposts By using speed and force, rounds of assorted ammuni- stability in the Rakhine State. It
estimated 50 group of AA insur- had to abandon these outposts. the relief columns of the Tat- tions, and one walkie-talkie were is learnt that the security forc-
gents attacked the Gokepi police Gokepi outpost and Khahtihla madaw were able to join forces lost. It is learnt that Tatmadaw es will take effective offensive
outpost, and an estimated 100 outpost received heavy artillery with the defenders at 9:30 a.m. It military columns and combined actions to crush the terrorist
group of AA insurgents attacked backup from Tatmadaw columns is learnt that the AA insurgents forces are in hot pursuit of the attacks of the AA. —MNA
the Khahtihla police outpost. at around 7:30 a.m. withdrew to the east. insurgents by blocking their es-
Immediately after the inci- The police in these outposts As a result of these attacks cape routes. Villagers from the (Translated by Kyaw Myaing)

Bogyoke Aung San film production updates now available on social media
The launching ceremony for intro- Twitter. The State Counsellor has said they consulted historians and
ducing social media pages on Bo- remarked the production of this film technicians to remain true to the
gyoke Aung San film production was very delicate and tough, he said. historical background of the film.
was held yesterday morning at Kan- The Bogyoke Aung San Film Pro- After that, directors Lu Min,
bawza Yeiktha (Chin Chaung Nan ducing Committee was formed with U Soe Moe, Nyi Nyi Tun Lwin, Tun
Daw) on Kaba Aye Pagoda Road, Union Minister for Religious Affairs Aung Zaw, Soe Kyaw San replied to
Bahan Township, Yangon. and Culture, Thura U Aung Ko as queries raised by media person-
At the ceremony, U Lu Min, Chairman comprised of artistes, nel. Comments and suggestions
Joint Secretary -2 of Bogyoke Aung technicians and other ministries. for the Bogyoke Aung San’s Biopic
San’s Biopic Producing Committee We are convinced the film will be can be made through https://www.
said the ceremony aims to inform developed in line with international
the public of the biopic’s producing standards, and we as of the media ficial,
process. He added that the cere- to offer suggestions, said U Lu Min. aungsanmovieofficial, https://
mony aims to share the official so- Next, the biopic’s casting direc- —
cial media outlets to the people, tor Pan Chi Soe Moe said we should Yi Yi Myint (Translated by Win Ko Launching ceremony of Bogyoke Aung San biopic’s social
including Facebook, Instagram and genuinely support the movie. He Ko Aung) media platforms.  PHOTO: HLA MOE
5 JANUARY 2019

Russia to start flight tests of Sarmat heavy ICBM in spring NEWS IN BRIEF
Democrat Pelosi
MOSCOW — The flight devel- elected US House
opment tests of Russia’s most
advanced RS-28 Sarmat heavy
speaker for 2nd time
intercontinental ballistic missile WASHINGTON (United States)
(ICBM) are expected to start — Veteran Democratic lawmaker
from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome Nancy Pelosi was elected speaker
in north Russia in the second of the House on Thursday for the
quarter of 2019, a source in the second time in her political career,
domestic defense industry told a striking comeback for the only
TASS recently. woman ever to hold the post.
“The Sarmat’s flight devel- The convening of the new
opment tests are planned to be Congress ushers in an era of di-
launched from the second quarter vided government in Washington,
of next year,” the source said. with Pelosi and her Democrats ea-
During the tests from the ger to confront Republican Pres-
Plesetsk Cosmodrome and from ident Donald Trump and help
the base of the Uzhur missile their party mount a successful
division stationed in the Kras- challenge for the White House in
noyarsk Region in East Siberia, 2020. — AFP
“several experimental prototypes
are planned to be launched. The Ghosn demands
year 2020 is the declared term of
the trials’ completion,” the source
The RS-28 Sarmat is the Russian advanced silo-based system with the heavy liquid-propellant intercontinental hearing to clarify
ballistic missile.  PHOTO: TASS
said. grounds for his
After that, a control launch of sile Force Commander Sergei the sites for the flight tests.” sian advanced silo-based system detention: Japan court
the serial missile will be accom- Karakayev told journalists on 18 A day before that, on 17 De- with the heavy liquid-propellant
plished, the source added. December, the flight tests of the cember, Karakayev told Krasnaya intercontinental ballistic missile. TOKYO (Japan) — Former Nis-
In the coming two or three Sarmat heavy liquid-propellant Zvezda newspaper that the trials It has been in the process of its san boss Carlos Ghosn on Friday
months, work will continue to intercontinental ballistic missile of the Sarmat ICBM would start development since the 2000s to lodged a request for a hearing to
carry out the missile’s ground will first be conducted from the “in the immediate future.” replace the R-36M2 Voyevoda clarify why he has been detained
tests and create the necessary in- Plesetsk Cosmodrome and then Before that, the pop-up tests ICBM. It weighs about 200 tonnes since his arrest in November, the
frastructure in the Uzhur missile from the base of the Uzhur missile of the Sarmat ICBM were suc- and has a throw weight of around Tokyo District Court said.
division, the source said. division. As the commander not- cessfully conducted. 10 tonnes. The media reported “Mr Ghosn today submitted
TASS has no official confir- ed, “work is currently underway in late December 2017 about the a request for the disclosure of the
mation of this information yet. to create the [missile’s] experi- Sarmat ICBM first successful pop-up test of the reasons for his detention. No date
As Russian Strategic Mis- mental prototypes and prepare The RS-28 Sarmat is the Rus- Sarmat ICBM. — Tass has been set,” the court said.
The court cannot refuse
such a request and Japan’s public
Dangerous powder from lost cargo found on Dutch island broadcaster NHK said it needs to
provide a hearing within five days
in principle.
THE HAGUE (Netherlands) — A ing organic peroxide on the MSC NHK said Ghosn wants to at-
bag containing dangerous pow- Zoe have not been located and are tend the hearing himself if there
der washed up on a small Dutch thought to have sunk. is one. Article 34 of Japan’s con-
island on Thursday, a day after So far, around 20 containers stitution stipulates that “no per-
some 270 containers tumbled have been located near the shores son shall be arrested or detained
from one of the world’s biggest of these islands while another six without being at once informed of
cargo ships in rough weather, as were found in German waters. the charges against him or without
authorities scramble to clean de- Following appeals from offi- the immediate privilege of coun-
bris-strewn beaches. cials in the affected islands, the sel.” — AFP
Frisian Island authorities, Dutch ministry of defence an-
which said the bag was found nounced soldiers would arrive Six people dead,
closed, identified the powder as Friday to help the clean-up op-
“organic peroxide”, a highly flam- eration on coastlines strewn with
8 injured in US
mable substance used in making rubbish, notably polystyrene. highway crash
plastics. Volunteers have been help-
Dutch volunteers have been helping to collect the washed-up content
“A bag containing 25 kilo- ing collect items washed up on WASHINGTON — Six people were
from containers onboard the MSC Zoe .  PHOTO: AFP
grammes (55 pounds) of pow- the beaches, which “look like a killed and eight others injured on
der was found on the beach of mess”, Zwart said. Authorities been collected from eight km (5 “substantial spill of containers”. Thursday afternoon in a multi-ve-
Schiermonnikoog,” Jan-Willem have warned volunteers and lo- miles) of beach”, the authorities Dutch broadcaster NOS on hicle crash on a highway in US
Zwart, spokesman for the security cals not to touch any bags but to said in a tweet. Wednesday broadcast footage state of Florida, authorities said.
services in the region, told AFP. call police or the fire brigade. In a statement shipping firm of locals gathered around one The incident occurred on In-
The Panama-registered MSC “We strongly advise resi- MSC Mediterranean Shipping of the containers, with toys and terstate 75 near Gainesville, said
Zoe, which was mostly carrying dents and people who have come said it took the incident “very seri- other materials strewn across Alachua County Fire Rescue on
toys, furniture and auto parts, lost to clean the beaches to... imme- ously, both in terms of the impact the beach and one man carrying social media.
the containers late on Tuesday diately seek medical attention if of such accidents on the natural off a flat screen television. The Florida Highway Patrol
while battling a storm off the Fri- they come into contact with the environment and in terms of any The MSC Zoe, which berthed said the crash involved two tractor
sian Islands, an archipelago off bags (containing organic perox- damage to customers’ cargo”. at the northern German port of trailers, a sedan and a passenger
the northwestern Dutch coast ide),” Zwart said, warning that the The firm said it had appoint- Bremerhaven late Wednesday, van. All vehicles but the sedan
also known as the Wadden Is- chemical substance “can cause ed a salvage company to help re- is one of the world’s largest con- caught fire. Alachua County Fire
lands. burns”. trieve cargo and the clean-up and tainer vessels at 396 metres (1300 Rescue said the fire, fed by about
Coastguards said three con- On the tiny island of Ameland had deployed ships equipped with feet) long and 59 metres wide. It 190 liters of diesel, had been ex-
tainers that had been transport- “130,000 kg of debris has already sonar after what it described as a was built in 2015. — AFP tinguished. — AFP

Abe to confirm 1 April as day to S Korea’s navy conducts

announce Japan’s new era name maritime drills in western waters
ISE, (Japan) — Prime SEOUL — South Korea’s a patrol frigate, as well as set near the inter-Korean
Minister Shinzo Abe is ex- navy on Friday conducted a maritime operation hel- sea boundary under the
pected to officially confirm this year’s first maritime icopter, according to local comprehensive military
at his New Year press con- drills in western waters, media reports. agreement between the
ference later Friday that south of the maritime buff- A live-fire exercise two Koreas.
Japan’s new era name er zone which the country was included in the drills The military accord
following the abdication set with the Democratic to build teamwork among was signed by defence
of Emperor Akihito will be People’s Republic of Korea service members, the navy chiefs of the two Koreas
announced on 1 April. (DPRK) to reduce military was quoted as saying. during the Pyongyang
The press conference tensions. The maritime summit in September last
will be held in Ise, Mie Pre- Mobilized for the drills maneuvers exercise was year between South Kore-
fecture in central Japan, were battleships, including carried out in waters an President Moon Jae-in
after Abe pays his annu- a 2,500-ton frigate, a guided south of the maritime and top DPRK leader Kim
al visit to the Ise Grand missile patrol gunboat, and buffer zone, which was Jong Un.—Xinhua
Abe is likely to say that
the next era name will be
endorsed at a Cabinet
Ex-Malaysian PM Najib to be jointly
meeting on 1 April ahead
of Emperor Akihito’s April
tried with former 1MDB CEO
30 abdication and Crown KUALA LUMPUR — For- be presented to the Pub- and setting 1 March for
Prince Naruhito’s ascen- mer Malaysian Prime Min- lic Accounts Committee the case to be mentioned.
sion to the throne on 1 May. ister Najib Razak will be (PAC), an organ of the N ajib had be e n
Emperor Akihito will be the jointly tried with former Malaysia’s parliament, charged for using his po-
first living Japanese mon- 1Malaysia Development tasked with reviewing the sition as prime minister
arch to give up the throne Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is pictured during an Berhad (1MDB) Chief country’s public accounts. to protect himself from
in about 200 years. annual visit to Ise Grand Shrine in Mie Prefecture.   Executive Officer (CEO) The chief prosecutor ethical, civil or criminal
The move is intend- PHOTO: KYODO NEWS Arul Kanda, a court ruled for the case applied to have actions against him in
ed to ensure a necessary here on Friday. the duo jointly tried after relation to 1MDB, by or-
preparation period for In a rare video mes- the new emperor. The pair faces charg- they had been charged dering the alteration of the
government offices and sage in August 2016, Em- But the government es over tampering with an separately in December final audit report before it
companies to update their peror Akihito, who turned has decided that the era audit report of the state last year with the judge was presented to the PAC.
information systems and 85 last year, expressed his name should be unveiled a investment fund meant to agreeing to a joint trial —Xinhua
to avoid possible confusion strong desire to step down, month before the imperial
among the public. The era citing concerns about his succession for the sake of
name is widely used in cal- advancing age and declin- computer system updates INVITATION FOR BIDS
endars, newspapers and ing health. and that the ordinance The Republic of the Union of Myanmar
officials documents, along Conservative mem- should be issued by the Modernization of Public Finance Management
with the Gregorian calen- bers of Abe’s ruling Liber- current emperor on 1 April. Supply of Computers
dar. al Democratic Party have Earlier in the week, Ref No: MPFMp-C1-GS 541
A “gengo,” or era demanded the new gengo Natsuo Yamaguchi, who Date: 5 January 2019
name, is used for the length be announced after a cere- heads the Komeito party, 1. This Invitation for Bids is for the supply of Computers (1) Desktop Computer, (2) Laptop
of an emperor’s reign. The mony to mark the 30th an- the LDP’s junior coalition Computer for the Treasury Department.
current Heisei era, which niversary of the enthrone- partner, said the next era 2. The Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar has received financing and it
intends to apply part of the proceeds to payments under the agreement(s) resulting from
means “achieving peace” ment of Emperor Akihito name will be unveiled on
this Invitation for Quotation: Supply of Computers, Ref No: MPFMp-C1-GS541
commenced on 8 January, slated for 10 April and also 1 April and become effec- 3. The Ministry of Planning and Finance of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar now
1989, the day after Emper- that a government ordi- tive on 1 May, when Crown invites sealed bids from eligible Bidders for the Supply as indicated above.
or Hirohito, posthumously nance on the era change Prince Naruhito ascends 4. Bidders are required to meet the following minimum key qualification criteria and
known as Emperor Showa, should be promulgated the Chr ysanthemum shall furnish documentary evidence that it meets the following requirement(s):
a) Have completed within the last 3 years at least one contract of a similar nature
died. only after the ascension of Throne.—Kyodo News
of at least 50% of the value of the bid or have sold similar goods of at least twice
the volume /quantity required
THE REPUBLIC OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR b) Have authorization or dealership from the manufacturer to sell the goods
MINISTRY OF ELECTRICTY AND ENERGY c) Have shops or offices in Myanmar to provide after sales services
d) Demonstrate that they are paying taxes to the Government.
e) Not be under any notice of suspension or debarment issued by the Government,
or the World Bank
(1/2019) 5. Bids must be delivered to the address given below at or before 2 p.m. of 5 February
1. Open tenders are invited for supply of the following respective items in United States Dollars. 2019. Late bids will be rejected. Bids will be opened in public immediately there after at
Sr No. Tender No. Description Remarks the address given below in the presence of the Bidders’ representatives and the project’s
(a) IFB-039(18-19) 10” ERW API 5L Grade X-42 MS 3 LPE Coated US$ beneficiaries who choose to attend shall be allowed to be present in person.
Steel Line Pipes (32200) MTR 6. The Purchaser shall award the Contract to the Bidder whose offer has been determined
(b) IFB-040(18-19) 4” ERW API 5L Grade X-42 MS 3 LPE Coated US$ to be the lowest evaluated bid and is substantially responsive to the Bidding Documents,
Steel Line Pipes (16,100) MTR provided further that the Bidder is determined to be qualified to perform the Contract
2. The Open Tender forms including Description of Materials / Qtty with details specifications satisfactorily.
and Tender Terms & Conditions can be available free download at the Ministry of Electricty and 7. All bids must be accompanied by a bid securing declaration as described in the
Energy Website Portal ( from 7 January2019. Tender forms will not be bidding documents, any bid not accompanied by one will be rejected as non-compliant.
sold. 8. The address where the document may be inspected and obtained is:
3. The interested Bidders should submit the Technical Specifications with Original Bid Bond Modernization of Public Finance Management Project
and Commercial Quotation in each separate sealed envelopes on which to be addressed to Ministry of Planning and Finance
the Managing Director, Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise and should reach in Tender Box of the Project Office, Building No 26, Nay Pyi Taw
Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise not later than 14:00 pm on 4 February2019. Email:,, sukumarshep@
4. Tender Closing Date & Time – 4-2-2019, 14:00 pm,,,
Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise
Ph No. + 95 67 – 411206 Telephone: 067-410575, 067-410162, 067-410161, Fax: 067-410575
5 JANUARY 2019

Climate change? Russian meteorologist says

2019 may turn out as warmest year on record
MOSCOW— As 2019 ap- mental Monitoring Roman been affecting larger are- Temperatures in the
proaches, it may turn out Vilfand told TASS. as, including other oceans. Equatorial Pacific have ris-
to be the warmest one on “The El-Nino phenom- There has been a huge heat en by half a degree, which
record because of the so- enon occurs when ocean transfer from the ocean to is rather a large increase.
called El-Nino phenom- temperatures rise in the the atmosphere, it gradual- As a result, 2019 may prove
enon, Head of Russia’s central and eastern Equa- ly engulfs the entire Earth,” to be the warmest year
Federal Service for Hydro- torial Pacific,” he said. Russia’s top meteorologist in history, Vilfand added. Roman Vilfand, director of Russia’s weather forecasting
meteorology and Environ- “The warming has added. —Tass agency, GidroMetTsentr.    PHOTO: TASS

Tourists hunker down as Storm Pabuk has Thailand in its sights

SURAT THANI (Thailand) Saturday, leaving tourists to strike during the peak has picked up speed with opened evacuation shel- are deserted of tourists,”
— Tourists marooned on who remain on islands now holiday season, is expected 75-kilometre-an-hour (45 ters for vulnerable com- Pui Suriwan, a Koh Phang-
Thai islands hunkered cut off from the mainland. to make landfall on Friday mile) winds stirring huge munities across Thailand’s an resident, told AFP. On
down on Friday as Tropical “Ten thousand tourists evening with the eye pass- waves of up to five metres southernmost provinces. neighbouring Koh Tao, one
Storm Pabuk edged closer, are still on Koh Phangan,” ing over Nakhon Si Tham- high (16 feet). Social media Pabuk is forecast to pass of Southeast Asia’s most
forcing airports and fer- said Krikkrai Songthanee, marat further to the south. videos showed oil rigs be- over the narrow neck of popular dive spots, tourists
ries to close and bringing district chief of the island “But all tourist islands ing battered by waves, and land between the Gulf of and residents were bracing
downpours and massive which neighbours Samui in the Gulf of Thailand in- tankers navigating terrify- Thailand and into the An- for a torrid 24 hours ahead.
sea swells hours before its and is famed for its full- cluding Koh Samui, Koh ing walls of water. daman Sea — home to the “The weather is turn-
expected landfall. moon party. Phangan, Koh Tao will be With rains lashing the tourist resorts of Phuket ing worse as the winds pick
Boats were recalled “But I talked to for- affected because Pabuk entire south, the Meteoro- and the Similan National up, I’ve finished buying sup-
to shore across the Gulf eigners last night and is huge,” said Phuwieng logical Department warned Park, a diving paradise. plies... there’s no gas any-
of Thailand, while two they are not scared, they Prakhammintara, head of coastal communities to ex- Tens of thousands of where on the island, 7/11
key airports — Koh Sam- understand the situation,” the Thai Meteorological pect “inshore surges” as tourists have already fled is already running out of
ui and Nakhon Si Tham- told AFP. Pabuk, the first Department. As it churns winds whip up the sea. the southern zone. “It’s things,” a Spanish dive in-
marat — were shut until tropical storm in decades through the sea, Pabuk Authorities have very empty... the beaches structor told AFP.—AFP


Consignees of cargo carried on M.V ALS
M.V NINOS VOY. NO. (1096 S/N)
Consignees of cargo carried on M.V NINOS VOY.
SUZURAN VOY. NO. (025 N/S) are hereby notified that
the vessel will be arriving on 05-01-2019 and cargo will
NO. (1096 S/N) are hereby notified that the vessel will be
arriving on 05-01-2019 and cargo will be discharged into
be discharged into the premises of A.W.P.T where it will the premises of H.P.T where it will lie at the consignee’s Both parents are pleased to
lie at the consignee’s risk and expenses and subject to the risk and expenses and subject to the byelaws and conditions announce the engagement of
byelaws and conditions of the Port of Yangon. of the Port of Yangon.
Damaged cargo will be surveyed daily from 8 am Damaged cargo will be surveyed daily from 8 am KHIN KHIN SAN AUNG
to 11:20 am and 12 noon to 4 pm to Claim’s Day now to 11:20 am and 12 noon to 4 pm to Claim’s Day now Daughter of
declared as the third day after final discharge of cargo declared as the third day after final discharge of cargo AUNG MYINT + SAN SAN MYINT,
from the Vessel. from the Vessel. No. 47, Lanthit Street,
No claims against this vessel will be admitted after No claims against this vessel will be admitted after Lanmadaw Township, Yangon,
the Claims Day. the Claims Day.
Phone No: 2301185 Phone No: 2301185 (PO YONE KAW) + WAI WAI DAW,
14127 Dartmouth CT, Fontana,
CA 92336,
CLAIM’S DAY NOTICE CLAIM’S DAY NOTICE in the presence of both parents,
M.V RATANA THIDA VOY. NO. (130 W/E) M.V DA HONG XIN relatives and elders on Friday,
Consignees of cargo carried on M.V RATANA Consignees of cargo carried on M.V DA HONG XIN
the 4th January, 2019, at Western Park
THIDA VOY. NO. (130 W/E) are hereby notified that the (V.38) are hereby notified that the vessel will be arriving on
Royal Restaurant, Yangon.
vessel will be arriving on 05-01-2019 and cargo will be 05-01-2019 and cargo will be discharged into the premises
discharged into the premises of M.I.T.T/A.I.P.T where it of M.I.T.T-3 where it will lie at the consignee’s risk and
will lie at the consignee’s risk and expenses and subject to expenses and subject to the byelaws and conditions of the
the byelaws and conditions of the Port of Yangon. Port of Yangon.
Damaged cargo will be surveyed daily from 8 am Damaged cargo will be surveyed daily from 8 am
to 11:20 am and 12 noon to 4 pm to Claim’s Day now to 11:20 am and 12 noon to 4 pm to Claim’s Day now
declared as the third day after final discharge of cargo declared as the third day after final discharge of cargo
from the Vessel. from the Vessel.
No claims against this vessel will be admitted after No claims against this vessel will be admitted after
the Claims Day. the Claims Day.
Phone No: 2301185 Phone No: 2301928

Yagonites celebrate
71st Independence Day

Young girls participate in gunny sack racing, (Left), young boys dashing in a potato picking race, (Right), in Yangon on 71st Independence Day celebrations.  PHOTO: PHOE KHWAR

Children hold balloons in a race, (Left), young girls balance sieves on their heads as they race across the street, (Right) during 71st Independence Day celebrations in Yangon.  PHOTO: PHOE KHWAR

Buzz grows on ‘flying cars’ ahead of major tech show

MOUNTAIN VIEW (United sembled. grounds and is working hard
States) — Will flying cars take A doorway to the rear of the every weekend towards devel-
off at the upcoming Consumer NFT office in Mountain View oping the flying car,” the group
Electronics Show? opened onto large blue tarps said at a website.
Well, sort of. The prototypes hung from the ceiling to hide the “We aim to build a prototype,
won’t be soaring over the Las workshop. establish theory of flight control,
Vegas Strip during the technology A team of veteran aviation as well as form alliances with ma-
extravaganza which runs from engineers is focused on research jor corporations to make mass
8-11 January. at the startup’s facility in Israel, production of the flying car a
But a number of flying car and the founders plan to expand reality.”
designs will be on display, por- the staff of 15 people.
tending what many see as an The startup is designing Door-to-door solution
inevitable airborne future for hardware and software, while en- NFT is working to marry
short-range transport with verti- listing original equipment manu- A number of designs for flying cars have been unveiled including the “Pop. a plane with a car, meaning no
cal takeoff and landing, or VTOL. facturers to crank out products up next”by Audi, italdesign and Airbus seen at the Geneva International airports or heliports would be
NFT Inc co-founders Maki at scale. “We learned from Tesla Motor Show on 6 March, 2018.  PHOTO: AFP needed.
and Guy Kaplinsky, a couple de- that Elon Musk spent too much “We believe door-to-door is
veloping a flying vehicle in Isra- time on the production side,” Guy Regular Joes ? of the Olympic games in Tokyo the solution,” Kaplinsky said.
el and California, will have their Kaplinsky said. Several companies, includ- in 2020. “Our approach is more for
vision on display at show, with a “We are spending our time ing Uber and start-ups backed by The crowdfunded effort has the mom and three kids; you
media session on Sunday. on the technology side and will Google co-founder Larry Page, gotten backing from Japanese load everyone in the car one time
“We believe we have a win- partner with companies on as- are working on people-carrying auto giant Toyota, where some and get where you need to go.” A
ning design that will enable us to sembly.” The NFT vehicle with drones or similar flying vehicles. Cartivator members work. smartphone mapping application
make the Model T of flying cars a projected price tag of $50,000 In Japan, volunteers in a A scaled-down replica of could be paired to a navigation
— a low-cost production mod- will function as a car, but be able “Cartivator” group are out to “Toyota’s flying car” is to be center hosted in the internet
el,” Guy Kaplinsky told AFP in a to take off or land vertically and build a “Skydrive” flying car and shown at CES. cloud, routing drivers to takeoff
Silicon Valley office park where fly on auto-pilot. have set their sights on using one “Our team consists of people points and providing instructions
a prototype model was being as- to light the flame at the opening with diverse professional back- to auto-pilots in cars. —AFP
5 JANUARY 2019

Study identifies sex differences

in deadly brain tumours
CHICAGO — A team of research- as well, and we wanted to under- Health Sciences.
ers led by Washington University stand why, so we looked at the Specifically, the researchers
School of Medicine in St Louis underlying genetics of patients’ showed that the tumors of pa-
has identified distinct molecular tumours,” said Joshua B. Ru- tients with glioblastoma cluster
signatures of glioblastoma in men bin, a Washington University into 10 distinct subtypes: five for
and women. This suggests that professor of pediatrics and of tumors in males and five for tum-
tailoring treatments to men and neuroscience and the study’s ors in females. The clusters are
women with glioblastoma based co-senior author. distinguished by gene activity and
on the molecular subtypes of their The researchers tapped survival. In results published in Science, researchers confirmed they had been
tumors may improve survival for into The Cancer Genome Atlas The researchers validated successful making tobacco plants 40 per cent bigger thanks to a “genetic
all patients. (TCGA), and applied sophisticat- the clusters in three additional hack” or “shortcut”.  PHOTO: AFP
Culling patient MRI scans ed statistical algorithms to dis- data sets and also showed that
and survival data from a cancer
research database, the research-
tinguish male- or female-specific
gene expression patterns from
even genes activated at similar
levels in tumours in males and
Scientists boost plant yield by
ers calculated tumour growth ve-
locity every two months for the
such patterns that were shared
among the male and female
females can result in substantial
sex-specific effects on survival.
40% through ‘genetic hack’
duration of therapy in 63 glioblas- patients. They then focused on “In males survival was all
toma patients, 40 males and 23 the sex-specific gene expression about regulating cell division, WASHINGTON (United States) Taking a shortcut
females who received standard to identify molecular subtypes which suggests that drugs that — For years, researchers at the The Illinois team came up
chemo-radiation treatment fol- that corresponded to differenc- block cell-cycle progression may University of Illinois have been with the idea of implanting bits
lowing surgery. While initial tu- es in survival for males and for be more effective in men. For trying to find out whether it is of algae DNA into the tobacco
mour growth velocities were sim- females. females, survival was all about possible to genetically modify a plant’s cells to create a type of
ilar between females and males, “We observed tremendous regulating invasiveness, which crop to boost its growth. biological shortcut that would
only the females showed a steady genetic sex differences in the tu- suggests that drugs targeting In results published in Sci- speed up photorespiration.
and significant decline in tumor mors of glioblastoma patients that integrin signaling may be more ence on Thursday, they confirmed Lead author Donald Ort told
growth after treatment with te- correlated with survival,” said effective in women,” Rubin said. they had been successful in mak- AFP: “If you take a shortcut, when
mozolomide, the most common study’s co-senior author Jingqin “This tells us it might be better ing tobacco plants 40 per cent you’re driving your car, you travel
chemotherapy drug used to treat “Rosy” Luo, a Washington Uni- to separate males and females bigger thanks to a “genetic hack” less distance, and you use less
glioblastoma. versity associate professor of and examine their sex-specific or “shortcut.” fuel.”
“The males did not respond surgery in the Division of Public genetic signatures.” —Xinhua The wider goal isn’t to pro- When a plant uses less en-
duce more tobacco but to apply ergy on photorespiration, it “is
the technique to wheat or soy able to take that energy and put
Archaeologists find Mexico temple beans, in order to meet mankind’s
growing appetite.
it into plant growth and plant pro-
ductivity, rather than using it to

to god of skinning sacrifices Their work is part of an in-

ternational project that is being
metabolize this toxic compound.”
The study is of particular sig-
financed by the Bill and Melinda nificance because it is the first
MEXICO CITY (Mexico) — Ar- Gates foundation and the British time that the technique, which
chaeologists in Mexico have government, among others. has been discussed for several
found the first temple to the Farmers have long used years, resulted in such a major
pre-Hispanic deity Xipe Totec, a fertilizers, pesticides and other impact in an open field as opposed
god of fertility and war who was agricultural methods to achieve to a laboratory environment.
worshipped by sacrificing and higher productivity, but these Other techniques had tried to
skinning captives. techniques appear to have run limit photorespiration, but have
Evidence indicates that their course and it is thought often led to negative impacts on
priests ritually sacrificed their unlikely they can extract more the plant’s other functions.
victims on one of the temple’s two significant gains. “What’s cool about this is
circular altars, then flayed them The scientists at the univer- that they’ve been very clever in
on the other and draped them- sity’s Carl R Woese Institute for targeting the pathway in a way
selves in their skin, Mexico’s Na- Genomic Biology say they have that doesn’t cause side effects,”
tional Institute of Anthropology A statue of Xipe Totec, a pre-Hispanic god whose priests sacrificed and found a way to make the process David Stern, president of the
then skinned humans, and then wore their flayed skins on their own
and History said in a statement. backs as part of a fertilty ritual in what is now Mexico.  PHOTO: AFP
of photosynthesis, the process by Boyce Thompson Institute, which
Historians have long known which plants use sunlight to con- was not a part of the study, told
that Xipe Totec (“the flayed god”) senting the sacrificial skins worn until about 1260, the institute said. vert carbon dioxide and water into AFP. But it is still far from being
was worshipped by numerous by the god. The Spanish takeover of Mexico energy, inherently more efficient. ready to be used on an industri-
peoples across what is now cen- “Sculpturally speaking it’s a began in 1519 with the arrival of An enzyme called Rubisco al scale. The same team wants
tral and western Mexico and the very beautiful piece. It measures the conquistador Hernan Cortes. is key to the process of convert- to reproduce their results with
Gulf coast. approximately 80 centimetres (30 The institute said Xipe Totec ing atmospheric carbon into an soybeans, black eyed peas, and
But the discovery — made inches) tall and has a hole in the was one of the most important organic compound the plant potatoes. It is also necessary for
among the ruins of the Ndachji- belly, which according to histori- gods in pre-Hispanic Mexico, and consumes, a process known as the technique to work in diverse
an-Tehuacan archeological site in cal sources is where a green stone was worshipped in a ceremony “carbon fixation.” climates, notably Africa and
the central state of Puebla — is was placed to ‘bring it to life’ for called Tlacaxipehualiztli, which in But the enzyme also acts Southeast Asia.
the first time a temple dedicated ceremonies,” said Noemi Castillo the indigenous Nahuatl language to “fix” atmospheric oxygen, Some doubt they will suc-
to the god has been found, the Tejero, the lead archaeologist on means “to wear the skin of the converting it into toxic com- ceed. Professor Arnold Bloom
institute said. the project. flayed one.” pounds that the plant expends from the University of California
The artefacts uncovered at The skulls measure about 70 Sacrificial victims were killed considerable energy eliminat- at Davis points out that such
the site include three stone sculp- centimetres tall and weigh some either through gladiatorial com- ing — energy that could other- experiments have been carried
tures of Xipe Totec: two skinned 200 kilograms (440 pounds). bat matches or by being shot with wise be spent in growing. This out for the past five or six years,
heads and a torso, whose back The temple would have been arrows, then flayed to glorify Xipe competing process is known as without achieving their goals.
is covered in engravings repre- used from around the year 1000 Totec, it said. — AFP photorespiration. — AFP

Yangon streaming with 71st Independence Day celebrations

Children compete in sprinting contest, top-left, a child partaking in needle threading, bottom-left, young men scramble for posession of a coconut, right, as part of games and activities
held to commemorate the 71st anniversary of Independence Day in Yangon.  PHOTO: PE ZAW

THE streets of Yangon City were tions from kind donors,” said U The various fun games and I got prizes in sprinting and relay fitter and healthier, which will
full of people holding celebra- Tun Hlaing. “We’ve included a lot activities held included relay racing. I entered contests in pre- aid in their brain development.
tions, games and sporting events of sport contests too. We planned races, eating contests, balloon vious years too, and won prizes. Fun fairs and activities held
in commemoration of the 71st these events so that every citi- popping, sprinting, sack racing, Independence Day is always in on Independence Day intend to
Independence Day yesterday. zen, young or old, will remember potato picking, threading nee- our hearts because they always raise public awareness on the
U Tun Hlaing, member of and value Independence Day.” dles, coconut scramble, lighting plan memorable activities.” endeavors of Bogyoke Aung
the Development and Manage- Yesterday was a valuable candles, piggyback racing, slap- Daw Moe Moe Kyi, Yangon San, the architect of independ-
ment Committee of Shwe Lin day for all Myanmar citizens, ping a tin can, hitting coconuts, Region Hluttaw representative, ence, and the national martyrs
Ban Low-Cost Housing 2 in as they can be seen commemo- htote-see-htoe (game combining said successive generations had in their quest for independence,
Hlinethaya Township, said it is rating 71st Independence Day in hopscotch and tag), climbing a held fun activities for children to inform the history of Inde-
their first time holding fun fairs various wards of Yangon City. In greased pole, pillow fights, and and sport contests to commemo- pendence Day and to value its
and sport contests to honour In- addition to fun fairs, activities, football matches. rate Independence Day. She said significance, to promote unity
dependence Day. “We planned commemoration events, and Fifth grader Maung La Min it has become a tradition for the and sportsmanship, and to revive
some fun activities for the chil- sport contests, almost every Maung said, “It’s always happy people to do so. She added that the fading traditional games of
dren and presented prizes to ward held ‘sathuditha’ (giving on Independence Day because the activities and contests give Myanmar. —Zaw Gyi (Trans-
them from modest cash dona- charity food). there are so many fun activities. children the opportunity to get lated by Zaw Htet Oo)

Myanmar U-19 women’s football MFF aiming for

team to compete in Japan tourney success in FIFA,
AT the invitation of the Japan
Football Association (JFA), the AFC, ASEAN games
Myanmar U-19 women’s national
football team will compete in the
Japan-ASEAN Youth Sports Ex-
with 4-year plan
change Women’s Football Tour-
nament, to be held in the Okinawa THE Myanmar Football Fed- 2022 at a press conference to
Prefecture of Japan from 2 to 6 eration has chalked out a four- be held at 2 p.m. on 16 January
March. The football tournament year plan to ensure success in at the headquarters of the foot-
is being organized under the JE- international championships ball federation, said an MFF
NESYS Inbound Program. Along such as the FIFA and the AFC, official.
with Myanmar, teams from Cam- and ASEAN-level tournaments The plan has been draw
bodia, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, such as the AFF Suzuki Cup by Eric Abraham, the Techni-
Thailand, and Viet Nam will also and the Southeast Asian cal Director of the MFF, said
take part in the tournament, said Myanmar women’s national team footballers take part in their Games, said a source with the the source. He will present the
training session.   PHOTO: MFF
a source with the Myanmar Foot- MFF on Thursday. plan at the press conference
ball Federation. source. The Myanmar U-19 team source with the MFF. The long-term plan has and also introduce the coach-
More information, including will be headed by head coach Daw The Myanmar U-19 women’s been drawn for a period start- es for the Myanmar national
the fixtures for the matches, will Thet Thet Win. Currently, team football team has passed the 1st ing this year to 2022, according football teams.
be released later by the Japanese Myanmar is training in Yangon round of the Asian Women’s Foot- to the MFF website. The MFF said it has invit-
football authorities and will be put for the upcoming international ball Championship 2019.—Lynn The MFF will unveil its ed media persons for the press
up on the MFF website, said the football competitions, said the Thit (Tgi) Four Years Strategic Plan 2019- conference.—Lynn Thit (Tgi)

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