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PROBLEMS 61 62 & 65 67 6.10 Calculate Ayo, and AS, for the reaction Zr, + O, = ZiOxy, Which of the following two reactions is the more exothermic?” 1. Cops + 40s“ COy at 1000 K 2. Coan + 50a“? COyy at 1000 K Calculate the change in enthalpy and the change in entropy at 1000 K for the reaction CaO, + TiO,,, > CaTiO,,. Copper exists in the state 7'= 298 K, P= | atm, Calculate the temperature to which the copper must be raised at 1 atm pressure to cause the same increase in molar enthalpy as is caused by increasing its pressure to 1000 ‘atm at 298 K. The molar volume of Cu at 298 K is 7.09 em’, and the thermal ‘expansivity is 0.493 x 10- K-!, These values can be taken as being indepen- dent of pressure in the range 1-1000 atm Calculate AH and AS,q for the following reactions: a. 2TIO+ 50, TiO, b. 3Ti,0,+ } 0, = 2Ti,0, ©. TiO, ‘An adiabatic vessel contains 1000 g of liquid aluminum at 700°C. Calculate the mass of Cr,0, which, when added to the liquid aluminum (with which it reacts to form Cr and Al,O,) raises the temperature of the resulting mixture of A,O,, Cr,0,, and Cr to 1600 K. Calculate the adiabatic flame temperature attained when methane, at 298 K, is combusted (a) with oxygen in the molar ratio O/CH, = 2.0, and (b) with air in the molar ratio air/CH, = 9.524. Assume that CO, and H,O are the products of combustion. The adiabatic flame temperature is that tempera~ ture reached if all of the heat of the oxidation reaction is used to increase the temperature of the produets of the reaction. Air is 21 molar percent O, and 79 molar percent N,, Calculate the value of AG for the reaction SiN, + 30, = 3Si0. gunn + 2N2 at 800 K, What percentage error occurs if it is assumed that dc, for the reaction is zer0? Determine the stoichiometric coefficients for the reaction (3C20-A1,0,,38i0,) + a(Ca0-Al,0,'Si0,) = ‘B(CaO-Al,0,-28i0,) + e(2C20-Al,0,-Si0,) and calculate AH, AS and AGyy for the reaction. How much heat is required to increase the temperature of | kg of cordierite, 2MgO:2Al,0,-SSiO,, from 298 K to its incongruent melting temperature of 1738 K? \ BW? + OD = BWO2(p5 9 Moo * =2 2860 os Di = Heeog(8> ~ Moanin Yarcer, neo wwe ae ™ \boo Feeofa) = Hee,ar,one + | eeceenesy 3 + AML og + Jee Cams AT too : oe lane = 1,09 , SOO [ “ =e + | bb ua8 - pan ensee C cnet ioat “wa Pa ine De. + vivo + [7448 C\Wo0- 472) = ~a0,538 9 h “ Cn a | exon ax ae a3 = 0 + [ tantciiae-288 9 + NEKO Cipods PD — Lb C agi = ar we ~ ing wae | = aa oT H We bee er(@r,weo = Maven + [epCeraamnat + OH + Sepercprdt | 2g N36 | = 0 22.84 CN3b- 2987 + aA ni - obtn8 | +( Coat andy es Taras aa) Ss aa s + 3800 4 [ ausiC woo 19> + 657%)? (Aloo W369 4 abst (gL - & yx) | 2 ay | = 4a 5 | as Dig, = ~999,BB- 43,717 - 43,539 = = losesae J ’s = §\$ - \$s ing, {boo 2x0; (B) & Ihoo 2(8), 00 (0% A 4 \a78 {e00, 20,10,00 = Seroarane + J exten tgr 4 83, + | een at 1G 1478 = eee me) = 1406 KCAL y| cay ate ee? 4 Be Wo at + | 4.48 On SE s 173.0: 3 % \wo Ss, wos § e602) 4 rWer = Soa +) At Ww _ 3 = 5.1 4+ [2 aC My a18Hd Cito = Lyne = >) we pale Gree errs LS €2) = 200 3 K S e we Ib00. e500 = yaya + J cgeeeor dr + Saag t ecco ar ze Ne 73 = HO + [mse SE) + earer0 Cray — ogre (ot | ae N36? aqg? +. Sito Wwe 10 CM seo [asi Oy Py 4 657 1 C \600- N64 Beato -45] = aus J K Bing = 173.6 260 = 4103 = -1738.3 J kz wee