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Table Of Contents

Section Description Page

Table Of Content 1
1.0 Scope 2
2.0 Definitions 2
3.0 Codes, Standard and Specifications 2
4.0 General Requirements 3
5.0 Preparation Equipment and Material requirements 5
6.0 Paint Material Requirements 6
7.0 Surface Preparation 6
8.0 Paint Application 9
9.0 Prime Coat 10
10.0 Top Coat 10
11.0 Special Application 11
12.0 Inspection 11
13.0 Guarantee-Final Acceptance 12

Table 1 Painting Schedule and Color Code For Piping Subject to ATT-1
Industrial Atmospheric Exposure
Table 2 Painting Schedule and Color Code For Items Subject to ATT-2
Industrial Atmospheric Exposure
Table 3 Painting Schedule and Color Code For Items Subject to Buried ATT-3

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This specification covers the minimum requirements for the surface preparation, paint
application, and inspection of aboveground and below ground facilities for Piping water
treatment project

VENDOR shall provide the materials, labor and equipment necessary to achieve the
quality work described herein.


The following words shall have the meaning indicated when used herein:

CWCO As the ultimate user and owner.

PMC Project Management Consultancy appointed by Owner.

CONTRACTOR Engineering, procurement and construction company selected by

CWCO to perform the detailed design, procurement and

VENDOR Mechanical/piping Material supplier and/or


VENDOR shall be familiar with good practice in all aspects of painting including surface
preparation, control of materials, volatile-organic-compound (VOC) content, handling and
storage of material, acceptable blast agents and methods and disposal of waste.

The preparation and painting of surfaces shall comply with the requirements of this
specification and the applicable provisions of the latest editions of the following codes,
standards and specifications:

ASTM D1640 Test Methods for Drying, Curing or Film Formation of Organic
Coatings at Room Temperature

ASTM D2621 Test Methods for Infrared Identification of Vehicle Solids from
Solvent-Reducible Paints

ASTM D3925 Practice for Sampling Liquid Paints and Related Pigmented

ASTM E337 Test Method for Measuring Humidity with a Psychrometer

SSPC-SP 1 Surface Preparation Specification No. 1, Solvent Cleaning

SSPC-SP 2 Surface Preparation Specification No. 2, Hand Tool Cleaning

SSPC-SP 3 Surface Preparation Specification No. 3, Power Tool Cleaning

SSPC-SP 5 Surface Preparation Specification No. 5, White Metal Blast


SSPC-SP 10 Surface Preparation Specification No. 10, Near White Metal

Blast Cleaning

SSPC-PA 1 Paint Application Specification No. 1, Shop, Field, and

Maintenance Painting

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SSPC-PA 2 Paint Application Specification No. 2, Measurement of Dry Paint
Thickness with Magnetic Gages

SSPC-VIS 1 Visual Standard for Abrasive Cleaned Blasted Steel (Standard

Reference Photographs)

In case this specification conflicts with its associated specifications and/or the above
codes and standards, VENDOR shall bring the matter to CONTRACTOR’s attention for
resolution and approval in writing. In all cases the most stringent requirements shall

Compliance by the VENDOR with the provisions of this specification does not relieve him
of his responsibility to furnish equipment and accessories of a proper mechanical design
suited to meet the specified service conditions and local Indonesian codes governing
design, fabrication and health and safety.

The manufacturer’s application procedures, data sheets, material safety data sheets and
other printed information shall be provided on site by the VENDOR at the start of painting
operations and incorporated as part of this specification. VENDOR’s personnel and
CONTRACTOR’s representatives shall have access to this information. Copies shall be
maintained at the VENDOR’s site office.


4.1 General

This specification provides VENDOR with guidelines for paint materials and the
methods to be used to ensure permanent adhesion to applied surfaces.

The application of coating materials is specified by both dry film thickness (DFT)
range for each coat and the minimum total dry film thickness of the system. The
number of coats specified shall be the minimum number of coats to achieve the
required dry film thickness.

VENDOR’s standard finish for major equipment may be acceptable, but full
details of the paint systems shall be approved by CWCO.

VENDORs supplying equipment and packaged or skid-mounted units shall ensure

the compatibility and specification compliance of their overall coating system, as
well as, that applied by subvendors. CONTRACTOR shall be responsible for
coordinating the attendance of the PGN for all VENDOR and subvendor surface
preparation and coating.

All surfaces inaccessible after assembly shall be cleaned and coated to this
specification prior to assembly.

Pressure equipment, piping, etc., subjected to stress relief, welding or pressure

testing shall not be cleaned or coated until all such activities are acceptable by

4.2 Surfaces To Be Painted

Surfaces to be painted will generally be one of the following:

 bare surfaces that require cleaning, surface preparation and painting,

 shop-prepared and shop-primed surfaces that require additional painting,
 shop-prepared and shop-painted surfaces that have been damaged and
require spot surface preparation and paint repair.

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All permanent constructions shall be painted, with the following exceptions:

 metal work that has a plated, polished, or baked enamel finish,

 tile, terrazzo, and concrete floors finished with hardeners,
 prepainted ceiling and wall surfaces,
 glass gauges and sight glasses,
 stainless steel and copper alloy surfaces,
 grease nipples and fittings,
 machined surfaces,
 gasket contact surfaces,
 threaded connections,
 friction grip surfaces,
 site weld margins,
 equipment name or special instruction plates,
 valve stems, movable linkages, compressor or pump shafts, and
 surfaces that are lubricated or have close working tolerances.

Surfaces cleaned and prepared for painting shall receive the prime (i.e., first) coat
the same day and, in all cases, before the cleaned surface shows signs of
oxidization or is subjected to contamination. Areas developing rust or becoming
dirty prior to being primed shall be reprepared.

Piping shall be fully coated in the area of pipe supports before mounting on pipe
supports. Adequate metallic pads or doubler plates welded to the pipe before
coating shall be supplied at all pipe supports.

4.3 Paint Systems

The generic types of paint material for the protection of external surfaces in
special service conditions are specified in Tables 1 to 2 for industrial atmospheric

The painting system for metal surfaces consists of a prime coat of approved
primer, an intermediate (under) coat, and a final (top) coat for aesthetics.
Concrete surfaces, if specified for painting, shall be coated in accordance with
Tables 2.

The color for each item or material is listed in Tables 1 to 2.

The coating system for any equipment or other items coated before incorporation
into a structure shall be applied up to the top coat, with the top coat applied after
fabrication and coating damage repairs.

4.4 Manufacturers

Paint can be supplied by the following manufacturers:

 Glidden,
 International Paints,
 Sika Products,
 Ameron,
 Hempels,
 Jotun, and
 other suppliers approved in writing by PGN.

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Paint materials shall be delivered in unbroken, original packages bearing the
manufacturer’s name, type, stock number, color and thinning instructions (when
applicable). All materials shall be applied in accordance with the manufacturer’s
recommendations. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS’s) shall be included with
each package.

Paint materials have been selected to meet a quality standard. Paints of equal
quality from other manufacturers may be acceptable, subject to PGN’s written
approval. Prime, intermediate, and finish coats of paint used on a particular
surface shall originate from the same manufacturer or be proved to be of
compatible materials. The use of paint materials from more than one
manufacturer requires strict control procedures for storage, issuance and use to
ensure that unapproved interchange, mixing and overcoating do not occur.


5.1 General

Paint application equipment and dry abrasive blast equipment shall be provided
by VENDOR in good condition and appropriate for the painting requirements.
Lighting between 50 and 75 Flux shall be provided on surfaces being prepared,
painted or inspected.

5.2 Compressed Air Equipment

Compressed air equipment shall provide and maintain a minimum pressure of

700 kilopascals (100 psig) at the blast nozzle during the air-blasting operation.
The air supply shall be free of water and oil and shall be tested by blowing air
onto a clean white cloth for 2 minutes.

The air quality test and nozzle pressure check shall be performed at the beginning
and end of each daily shift and after interruption of the compressor operation.
Surfaces determined by PGN to have been blasted with contaminated air shall be

5.3 Abrasive Material

Abrasive agents for cleaning shall be sharp, angular, clean, dry and free of
contaminants. Expendable abrasive material shall not contain more than 2
percent by weight of ferrous oxide (Fe2O3) or cuprous oxide (CuO). The abrasive
shall be of a suitable size to produce the required cleanliness and surface blast
profile (specified herein). Cast iron or malleable iron shot shall not be used. A
mixture of chilled iron shot and steel grit may be used. Recirculated iron shot and
steel grit may be used, provided the material is screened and checked for
cleanliness. Other recycled abrasives shall not be used. The blasted surface
shall be free of visible residues and embedments. VENDOR shall perform an
analysis of the abrasive, prior to its use, for PGN’s written approval.

5.4 Wet Blasting

If ambient conditions prevail so that the humidity continually exceeds 85 percent

and causes damp surfaces, a wet abrasive blasting process may be performed,
subject to CWCO’s approval. The wet blasting process shall use potable water
and shall include an inorganic inhibitor with the air and the grit. All surfaces shall
be dried with a heat source prior to paint application.


The selected paint manufacturer shall provide each paint specified from its normal
product lines. The manufacturer shall supply the CONTRACTOR or VENDOR with a
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completed Paint Manufacturer’s Product Identity Certification data sheet and MSDS for
the paint supplied.

Manufacturer shall also supply the CONTRACTOR or VENDOR with the following:

 an appropriately labeled 1-liter sample from each batch of each type of paint
material and thinner,
 infrared spectra of the binder for each type of paint material per ASTM D2621,
 gas chromatographic data on the volatile fraction for each type of paint material
supplied per ASTM D1640.

CONTRACTOR or VENDOR shall receive paint materials in original, unopened containers

bearing the manufacturer’s labels and instructions, the date of manufacture and the
expiration date. Containers shall remain unopened until required for use. Paint materials
that have deteriorated shall not be used.

Paint materials shall be stored in a covered shelter at a temperature between 9C (48
F) and 33C (91 F), or as recommended by the manufacturer.

Paint exceeding the manufacturer’s stated shelf life at the storage temperature shall not
be used. The affected paint containers shall be appropriately marked and removed from
the job site.

The pot life for paint under application conditions shall be clearly stated on the container
label. When the pot life limit is reached, the spray equipment shall be emptied, the
remaining material discarded, the equipment cleaned and new material prepared.

Paint materials shall have a VOC level of less than 420 grams per liter (g/L).


7.1 General

To prevent failure of the paint system, the VENDOR shall ensure that the
preparation of surfaces is suitable for paint application.

Bare steel surfaces shall be rendered free of burrs, projection, weld spatter, fins,
and other deposits by grinding, scraping and wire brushing. Contaminants such
as oil and grease shall be removed by detergent or solvent cleaning and followed
by a final wiping with clean rags and solvent in accordance with SSPC-SP 1 to
eliminate oil residue.

Aboveground steel surfaces shall be mechanically cleaned by abrasive blasting

using an open abrasive blast, dry cleaning process to a near-white steel surface
finish, in accordance with SSPC-SP 10, to achieve a surface profile depth of 40 to
60 microns. The cleaning effectiveness shall be checked using SSPC-VIS 1 for a
near-white metal surface finish. Near-white blast-cleaned surfaces shall be free
of lacquer, mill scale, rust, weld slag, and other foreign matter but may retain very
light shadows in metal color. The surface appearance after blast cleaning should
correspond to pictorial standards A SP10, B SP10, C SP10, or D SP10 of SSPC-
VIS 1.

Below ground steel surfaces shall be mechanically cleaned by abrasive

blasting using an open abrasive blast, dry cleaning process to a white steel surface
finish in accordance with SSPC-SP 5 to achieve a surface profile depth of 75 to
100 microns. The cleaning effectiveness shall be checked using SSPC-VIS 1 for
a white metal surface finish. White blast-cleaned surfaces shall be free of lacquer,
mill scale, rust, weld slag and other foreign matter, and shall not retain shadows in

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metal color. The surface appearance after blast cleaning should correspond to
pictorial standards A SP5, B SP5, C SP5, or D SP5 of SSPC-VIS 1.

Dry abrasive blast cleaning shall not be performed under the following conditions:

 on surfaces that are moist or may become moist before primer

 when the surface temperature is less than 3C (6 F) above the dew point
or the relative humidity is more than 85 percent, or
 in the proximity of painting operations, or near surfaces susceptible to
particle contamination.

Wet abrasive blasting may be performed on damp surfaces and under ambient
temperature and humidity conditions that preclude dry blasting, subject to Section
5.3 of this specification. The acceptance criteria for surface cleanliness with wet
abrasive blasting shall be in compliance with the “Potassium Ferricyanide Test for
Detecting Soluble Rust Producing Salts”.

Surface defects revealed by blast cleaning shall be properly dressed so they will
not be detrimental to coating performance as approved by PGN, and the area
reblasted to the required standard.

After blast cleaning, dust, grit, shot and similar contaminants shall be removed
and the surface cleaned before paint application, using one of the following:

 vacuum cleaner,
 clean, dry compressed air, or
 clean brush.
Detergents or water washing shall not be used on newly cleaned steel except
after wet abrasive blasting, when a freshwater wash shall be used.

Used abrasive material shall be disposed of in a manner that prevents

environmental hazards.

Welds on surfaces to be coated shall be continuous. Discontinuous welding

processes (stitch welding, spot welding, etc.) are not permitted.

All welding, drilling and bolting for attachments shall be complete before cleaning
and coating begins.

7.2 Galvanized Steel and Aluminum Surfaces

Galvanized metal or aluminum surfaces shall be painted only when specified.

The surfaces shall be cleaned with mineral spirits to remove dirt, grease, oil and
factory film, and wiped dry in accordance with SSPC-SP 1. Water-based
cleansers may be used for galvanized surfaces only. Deposits on weathered
metal shall be removed by wire brushing in accordance with SSPC-SP 2 or
SSPC-SP 3 before painting. In addition, surfaces shall be etched with a
commercial solution of chemical phosphoric metal etch, rinsed with water and
allowed to dry prior to painting.

Steel surfaces coated by hot-dipped galvanizing that have areas showing poor
adhesion or areas damaged during shipment or construction shall be cleaned by
abrasive blasting, wire brushing or another mechanical means conforming to
SSPC-SP 2 or SSPC-SP 3. These areas shall be recoated with an inorganic zinc
(i.e., cold galvanizing) material to yield a dry film thickness (DFT) of 100 microns.

7.3 Primed Steel Surfaces

Primed steel surfaces shall be cleaned of dirt, grease, oil, rust, mill scale and
other deleterious materials. When primed surfaces have been subjected to
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welding, all flux slag deposits, welding flux fume deposits and oxides formed by
welding shall be removed 20 centimeters from the weld area by abrasive blasting,
wire brushing or for another mechanical means conforming to SSPC-SP 2 or
SSPC-SP 3. This procedure also applies to the repair of shop-primed surfaces
damaged during shipment or construction.

7.4 Brass, Copper and Stainless Steel Surfaces

Brass. copper and stainless steel piping, valves, tubing and fittings shall be
properly masked and not painted.

7.5 Concrete Surfaces

Concrete, concrete blocks and masonry surfaces shall be painted only when
specified. Concrete and concrete blocks shall cure for 28 days minimum prior to
painting or as required by the paint manufacturer. Dust, mortar spatter and
efflorescence shall be removed by brushing with a stiff fiber or wire brush. Form
oil or separating agents that could impair adhesion shall be removed by washing
with a trisodium phosphate (7.5 g/L of water) solution or water-based cleansers,
and rinsing thoroughly with water. Highly glazed surfaces, or locations where
traces of parting compound are present, shall be abrasive-blasted or acid-etched
using a 20-percent citric acid solution and then rinsed with water. Surfaces
showing signs of efflorescence or subject to conditions that could cause
efflorescence shall be conditioned with trisodium phosphate (7.5 g/L of water) and
textured to match adjacent areas.

7.6 Precoated Metal Surfaces

Precoated material building panels and trim require painting only when damaged
by shipment or erection. The panel/trim surface shall be prepared by solvent
cleaning in accordance with SSPC-SP 1 to remove oil, grease, dirt and other

7.7 Drying of Coated Surface

No coat shall be applied until the preceding coats has dried. The material shall be
considered dry for re-coating when another coat can be applied without the
development of any film irregularities such as lifting of loss of adhesion or
undercoats, and the drying time of the applied coat does not exceed the
maximum specified for it as a first coat.

No paint shall be force dried under conditions which will cause checking,
wrinkling, blistering, formation of pores, or detrimentally affect the condition of the

No drier shall added to a paint on the job unless specially called for in the
manufacturer’s specification for the paint.

Paint shall be protected from rain, condensation, contamination, snow and

freezing to the fullest extent practicable.

7.8 Miscellaneous Surfaces

A suitable film and masking tape shall protect openings, seams, nameplates and
operating connections and mechanisms.

7.9 Repair of Damaged Paint surface

Where shop paint has been damaged in handling, all damaged and loosely
adhering paint shall be removed and the surface thoroughly cleaned by
VENDOR. Edges of the breaks shall be feathered and the manufacture’s
designated number of coats applied.
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8.1 General

Prior to its application, paint shall be mixed by mechanical methods according to

the manufacturer’s instructions. Hand mixing is permissible only for a single pack
of materials in 4-liter or smaller containers.

Paint mixed in original containers shall not be transferred until all pigment is
incorporated with the vehicle, although part of the vehicle may be poured off
temporarily to simplify mixing. Thinning is not permitted without CWCO’s
approval; it shall be limited to 5 percent by volume or the VOC limit (420 g/L) in
force, whichever is less.

The painting of steel surfaces shall be performed in a careful manner with high-
quality spray equipment in accordance with SSPC-PA 1. Airless spray is
preferred over conventional spray, except when use of the latter is necessary.
Use of brushes and rollers shall be limited to applications that make spraying
impracticable. The painted surfaces shall be free of drops, ridges, waves, laps
and skips.

Two pack or single pack heavy-duty materials shall not be used if a skin has

Surface shall not be painted in rain, wind, fog, mist or in areas where injurious air
borne elements exist. Blast cleaned surface shall be coated with one complete
application of primer as soon as practicable but in no case later then the same
day as sand blasted.

To the maximum extend practicable, each paint of material shall be applied as

continuous film of uniform thickness free of discontinuities. Any spots or areas
missed in the application shall be re-coated and permitted to dry before the next
paint coat is applied.

Each paint coat shall be in a proper state of cure or dryness before the application
of the succeeding paint coat. Material shall be considered to be dry for repainting
when an additional paint can be applied without the development of any
detrimental film irregularities, such as lifting or loss of adhesion of the under coat.

8.2 Temperature Constraints

Ambient conditions that place constraints on paint applications are as follows:

 Paint shall not be applied when the ambient air temperature is less than
4 C (40 F), the relative humidity is more than 85 percent, or the surface
temperature is less than 3 C (37 F) above the ambient air dew point.

 Paint shall not be applied to outside surfaces if there is a probability of

rain before it can cure properly.

 Paint shall not be applied when the surface temperature is below the
paint’s minimum curing temperature.

 Paint shall not be applied when the surface temperature is higher than
39 C (102 F).

 Paint shall not be applied when the wind velocity can blow insects, dust,
and dirt onto the paint film, or interfere with paint application.

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In all cases, the paint manufacturer’s restrictions shall apply if they are more


Bare surfaces shall be primed with one coat of primer as indicated in Tables 1 to 2 for the
type of exposure.

Constraints associated with applying the prime coat are as follows:

 A prime coat shall be applied within 4 hours of the start of blast cleaning.

 The complete coat shall be free of defects (e.g., pinholes, voids, bubbles, runs,
and sags). Defective areas shall be repaired by additional painting or removed
and repainted.

 Primed surfaces exposed to a marine or polluted atmosphere shall be scrubbed

with fresh water and dried prior to overcoating.

 When bare metal is exposed during the cleaning of previously painted steel, a
prime coat shall be applied to the exposed areas before proceeding with the
application of the intermediate or finish coat.

To secure a satisfactory thickness of primer, all bolt heads, nuts, edges, corners and
crevices shall be “striped” with primary paint by brushing on a single pass (if spraying)
before the steel receives its first full prime coat. Striping shall extend 3 centimeters from
all edges.


Topcoats shall consist of an undercoat and overcoat application of paint to the prime coat.
The undercoat shall be tinted slightly from the overcoat color specified to provide a color
difference. If thinners or retarders are approved for use by CWCO, the wet film thickness
shall be increased proportionally to produce the correct DFT specified in Tables 1 to 2.

Topcoat applications and color requirements shall be as follows:

 Each coat of paint shall be dry to the touch prior to application of the next coat.

 Paint mixed for topcoats shall be applied within the time limit specified by the
manufacturer for the mixture.

 Piping systems shall be color-coded to identify the fluid type flowing within; 15
centimeter wide circumferential bands that identify the systems service in
accordance with Tables 1 to 2 shall be used.

 Piping shall be coded with color bands on both sides of branches, valves and wall
penetrations. Color band spacing along horizontal piping runs shall be
approximately every 7 meters and shall end within 1 meter of attached

 The tinting material shall be compatible with the paint system and shall not be
detrimental to its service life.

 If manufacturer’s maximum recoat times are exceeded, special surface

preparation shall be carried out as recommended by manufacturer and approved
by CWCO.

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 Word or symbol coding may be used in addition to color coding, except for toxic
materials where word application is required. Word or symbol coding shall be in
either black or white to contrast clearly with the piping finish color or the base


11.1 General

For some applications, a specialized coating system may be required that is not
included in Tables 1 through 5. Specialized coating systems require CWC O
approval prior to implementation.

11.2 Concrete

A special seal coat for concrete shall be applied where specified on the drawings.
The special paints are Sikagard 62 for interior concrete surfaces and Sikatop 144
for exterior concrete surfaces; both are manufactured by Sika Products.

After the surface has been prepared, the manufacturer’s instructions for mixing
shall be followed prior to application. The paint shall be applied by brush, roller,
or spray in two coats. For areas subject to foot traffic, clean sand shall be
sprinkled over the area while the first coat is still tacky and before application of
the second coat (for slip resistance).

Sikagard 62 shall be applied in two coats of 125 to 175 microns each and Sikatop
144 in two coats of 200 to 300 microns each.


All work and materials applied under this specification shall be subject to inspection by
CWCO and/or CONTRACTOR. All parts of the work shall be readily accessible to CWCO
and/or CONTRACTOR. Approval of each location of work, equipment, surface
preparation, first coat, etc shall be obtained before proceeding.
The work shall be inspected in the following manner:

 Furnish continuous, unbroken attendance during surface preparation and coating

with sufficient manpower to adequately cover the work.

 Inspect all surfaces before, during and after surface preparation.

 Inspect all blast and spray equipment for cleanliness and proper operation, and
ensure the required air quality is met.

 Inspect the mixing operation for two pack coatings to ensure that the resin is
properly catalyzed and induction time requirements are met.

 Inspect every coat of paint for continuity and thickness.

 Ensure observation of specified cleanliness and procedure standards.

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 Accept or reject every stage of the surface preparation and coating procedure.

 Conduct spot inspection for intercoat contamination.

CWCO may take random samples of coating materials according to ASTM D3925 for
analysis and testing. Samples shall be provided by the VENDOR at CWCO’s request.

CWCO shall have the right to audit and witness all batch quality control tests and
procedures at the manufacturer’s facilities.

The temperature, dew point and relative humidity shall be determined according to ASTM
E337, using a whirling hygrometer or approved equivalent to make the humidity
measurements and shall also be in accordance with the following:

 Environmental readings shall be taken at the start of work and every 4 hours
minimum, and as requested by CWCO.

 Work shall be suspended if the environmental parameters are outside the

specified limits, and shall not be resumed until the specified limits are met as
shown by subsequent measurements.

The dry film thickness for each coat shall be determined in accordance with SSPC PA-2,
using an Elcometer Model 256F or approved equivalent at 5 evenly spaced points for
each 10 square meters of surface area.

Coating covered by this specification not inspected and approved, or waived, by CWCO
shall be removed and re-coated to the approval of PGN.

A manufacturer’s representative shall, when requested, provide continuous attendance to

ensure that the mixing, resin catalyzation and application meet the manufacturer’s


13.1 General

CONTRACTOR will not be responsible if the VENDOR is obliged to stop the job
for injurious atmospheric conditions. In this case work shall be done under cover
in inclement weather, if not, the VENDOR is authorized to transfer to other yards
until good atmospheric condition appear.

13.2 VENDOR Obligations

The VENDOR shall be mentioned in the final inspection result in daily report. The
VENDOR will obtain from the paint manufacturer, for each delivery batch, a
certificate confirming the good quality of paint and guarantee that characteristics
of the delivered product and the one written on product data bulletin are similar.

13.3 Final Acceptance

The VENDOR shall guarantee all painting work. This condition will be applied
even if there is corrosion which is worse than included in technical specification.
Mechanical damages are not included in this guarantee.

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