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A Detailed Lesson Plan in General Psychology

I. OBJECTIVES:

A. Identify the Psychoanalytic Theory by Sigmund Freud.


B. Explain the different stages under Psychosexual Development.
C. Identify the responsible erogenous zone in fixation.

Value Focus: Decision Making

II. SUBJECT MATTER:

“Human Development”
Reference: General Psychology, TX
Materials: powerpoint, projector

III. PROCEDURE/ LEARNING ACTIVITIES

Teacher’s Activity Pupil’s Activity


A. Preliminary Activities
1. Prayer
2. Checking of attendance

B. Preparation
1. Review
What was our lesson yesterday? Our lesson yesterday was about psychology.

How can you define psychology? Psychology is define as a science that


gathers facts systematically, organizes them
into general principles and formulates
theories out of these factual data.

It is defined as the scientific study of the


human behavior of living organism, with
special attention to human behavior.

The science seeking to describe, understand


and predict the behavior of an organism.

A science that deals with the study of mind


and behavior
3. Motivation
During your childhood, what you do when During childhood, when I am hungry or
you crave for milk? crave for milk, I continuously cry until
someone gives me some.
Do you experience thumb sucking during I experienced thumb sucking I think because
childhood? Why do you think you do it? I used to have a pacifier before and
eventually I find myself sucking my thumb.

What age do you know how to go to I can go to comfort room alone when I was 3
comfort room alone? years old.

What playmates do you prefer? Girls or I prefer to have a boy playmate.


boys? I prefer to have a girl playmate.

C. Presentation
1. Lesson Proper
Alright! Those mentioned experiences
have connection to a specific study or
theory that was called Psychoanalytic
Theory by Sigmund Freud.

Can you repeat the theory again? Psychoanalytic Theory

It was proposed by Sigmund Freud


Who proposed that theory?

Psychoanalytic Theory is a human


personality focuses on the inner forces that
interact to make us who we are.

It was proposed by Sigmund Freud who


was also the founder of psychoanalysis
and psychoanalytic theories of human
development. He also believed that a
person’s behavior can be motivated by
strong unconscious drive or urges toward
self-satisfaction.

He discussed the psychosexual energy


who influences our daily actions. It was
composed of Id, Ego, and Superego.

Id is the unconscious part that houses the


libido. It can be also named as the Evil or
Bad side.

Ego is the conscious part that develops in


the first 2- 3 years of an individual. It is
the force which balances the force
produced by Id and Superego.

Superego is the root of morality. In


contrast to Id, it is identified as the Angel
or Good side.

What do you call the Evil or Bad side of The Evil or Bad side of our personality is the
our personality? Id.

How about the Angel or Good side of our


We call it the Superego.
personality?

Who is responsible to balance the Id and Ego is responsible in balancing the two
Superego? remaining forces.

Sigmund Freud believed that personality


develops through a series of stages in
which seeking pleasure emanates from
erogenous areas of the body which he
called the Stages of Psychosexual
Development.

The first stage is oral stage (birth-18


months). The infant's primary source of
interaction occurs through the mouth, so
the rooting and sucking reflex is especially
important. Because the infant is entirely
dependent upon caretakers (who are
responsible for feeding the child), the
infant also develops a sense of trust and
comfort through this oral stimulation.

The primary conflict at this stage is the


weaning process - the child must become
less dependent upon caretakers. If fixation
occurs at this stage, Freud believed that
the individual would have issues with
dependency or aggression. Oral fixation
can result in problems with drinking,
eating, smoking, or nail biting.

The Anal Stage (18 months to 3 years).


Freud believed that the primary focus of
the libido was on controlling bladder and
bowel movements. The major conflict at
this stage is toilet training - the child has
to learn to control his or her bodily needs.
Developing this control leads to a sense of
accomplishment and independence.

According to Freud, inappropriate parental


responses can result in negative outcomes.
If parents take an approach that is too
lenient, Freud suggested that an anal-
expulsive personality could develop in
which the individual has a messy,
wasteful, or destructive personality. If
parents are too strict or begin toilet
training too early, Freud believed that an
anal-retentive personality develops in
which the individual is stringent, orderly,
rigid, and obsessive.

The next stage is Phallic Stage (3 to 5


years). The primary focus of the libido on
the phallic stage is on the genitals. At this
age, children also begin to discover the
differences between males and females.
Freud also believed that boys begin to
view their fathers as a rival for the
mother's affections. The Oedipus comp/ex
describes these feelings of wanting to
possess the mother and the desire to
replace the father.

The term Electra complex has been used


to describe a similar set of feelings
experienced by young girls. Freud,
however, believed that girls instead
experience penis envy.

Latency Stage (7 to 11 years) The libido


interests on the latency stage are
suppressed. The development of the ego
and superego contribute to this period of
calm.

The stage begins around the time that


children enter into school and become
more concerned with peer relationships,
hobbies, and other interests.

The latent period is a time of exploration


in which the sexual energy is still present,
but it is directed into other areas such as
intellectual pursuits and social
interactions. This stage is important in the
development of social and communication
skills and self-confidence.

The last stage is Genital Stage (11 years


onwards) during the final stage of
psychosexual development, the individual
develops a strong sexual interest in the
opposite sex. Normally, youths have
realized that having sexual desire for
parents is taboo, and so they channeled
their sexual interest with the other
members of the opposite sex.

E. Generalization
What is Psychoanalytic Theory? Psychoanalytic Theory is a human
personality focuses on the inner forces
that interact to make us who we are.

Who is the person behind Psychoanalytic The person behind psychoanalytic theory
Theory? is Sigmund Freud.

Can you enumerate what is the three The three psychosexual energy that
psychosexual energy that governs our governs our behavior are the Id, Ego,
behavior? and Superego.

Who can enumerate the five The five psychosexual stages of


psychosexual stages proposed by development are composed of Oral, Anal,
Sigmund Freud? Phallic, Latency, and Genital Stages.

Who can discuss oral stage? The infant's primary source of interaction
occurs through the mouth, so the rooting
and sucking reflex is especially
important. Because the infant is entirely
dependent upon caretakers (who are
responsible for feeding the child), the
infant also develops a sense of trust and
comfort through this oral stimulation.

Who can discuss anal stage? The major conflict at this stage is toilet
training - the child has to learn to control
his or her bodily needs. Developing this
control leads to a sense of
accomplishment and independence.

Who can discuss phallic stage? The primary focus of the libido on the
phallic stage is on the genitals. At this
age, children also begin to discover the
differences between males and females.
Freud also believed that boys begin to
view their fathers as a rival for the
mother's affections. The Oedipus
comp/ex describes these feelings of
wanting to possess the mother and the
desire to replace the father.

Who can discuss latency stage? The stage begins around the time that
children enter into school and become
more concerned with peer relationships,
hobbies, and other interests.

Who can discuss genital stage? The individual develops a strong sexual
interest in the opposite sex. Normally,
youths have realized that having sexual
desire for parents is taboo, and so they
channeled their sexual interest with the
other members of the opposite sex.

F. Application
Supply the missing items on the table
below.
Sigmund Freud’s Psychosexual Stages Sigmund Freud’s Psychosexual Stages
Stage Age Focus Major Fixation Stage Age Focus Major Fixation
(yrs) Development (yrs) Development
0-1 Mouth Weaning Oral 0-1 Mouth Weaning Smoking,
1-3 Toilet Orderliness, overeating,
talkativeness
training messiness
Anal 1-3 Anus Toilet Orderliness,
3-6 Deviancy, training messiness
sexual
Phallic 3-6 Genitals Resloving Deviancy,
dysfunction Oedipus/ sexual
None Developing None Electra dysfunction
defense Complex
mechanisms Latency 6-12 None Developing None
12+ Reaching Mental and defense
full sexual sexual mechanisms
maturity maturity Genital 12+ Genitals Reaching Mental and
full sexual sexual
maturity maturity

G. Infusion of Values:
Do you think is it good to always follow Yes because it can make me happy.
what are our desires or Id says in everyday No because we should consider the
life? consequences that may arise to meet our
desires.
That’s right! We should always analyze the
situation base on the possible consequences.

IV. EVALUATION

Identify the following. Write your answer on the space provided before each number.

___________1. It was described as the dividing force behind a behavior.


___________2. It is a complex used to describe a set of feelings experienced by young
girls.
___________3. The infant’s primary source of interaction occurs through this erogenous
part of the body.
___________4. The focus erogenous area in phallic stage.
___________5. He proposed the five stages of psychosexual development.
___________6. It is the term used to describe when the focus erogenous part of the body
was not resolved in a certain stage.
___________7. A human personality focuses on the inner forces that interact to make us
who we are.
___________8. This is the final stage of psychosexual development.
___________9. The Evil or Bad side of our personality.
___________10. The Angel or Good side of our personality.

V. ASSIGNMENT

Make a research about the contribution and the proposed theory of Erik Erikson in
the human development.

Prepared by:

KENNEDY B. DAYAO, RPm


Applicant