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Esther Louis

Mr. Farrell

7 February 2017


“When dealing with people, let us remember we are not dealing with creatures of logic. We are dealing with

creatures of emotion, creatures bristling with prejudices and motivated by pride and vanity.”​-​Dale Carnegie​,

How to Win Friends and Influence People

To what extent does persuasion depend on reasoning? Persuasion depends on logos (reason) to an equal

extent as pathos (emotion).

One example of the importance of logic being is in court, for the judge to convict someone guilty of a crime

you must convince the jury beyond reasonable doubt. For that to happen evidence must be provided and

inferences can be made based on the evidence. When reviewing the information presented in the courtroom,

Juror Four points out that the defendant “talked with his friends for about an hour” and all of his friends “saw

the switch-knife” that they later “identified [as] the death-weapon in court.” Juror Eight suggest that their is a

possibility that someone with a similar knife could have killed the defendant’s father. To prove his point Juror

Eight “flicks open” the “blade of a switch knife” and “jams it into the wall next to first knife. They are exactly

alike.” Juror Eight presented a knife similar to the one the defendant’s father was killed with to prove that his

suggestion is certainly a possibility. Anyone could own a similar knife to the defendant's therefore we cannot

fully conclude that the defendant is guilty. Juror Eight follows the NY Unified Court System Document by

making a fair and reasonable inference based on the facts before drawing an inference of guilt unlike Juror Four

who just concluded the defendant was guilty unfairly.

When persuasion depends on emotion more than logic the information said might not be accurate. When

Juror Ten talks about the the kid being from the slums he makes a hasty generalization by concluding that from

experience all people who live in the slums are “liars” and criminals. ​ Juror Eight says “​It's very hard to keep

personal prejudice out of a thing like this. And no matter where you run into it, prejudice obscures the truth.”

We should not base our fully on emotion because it overpower the truth of a decision.

In Conclusion, persuasion depends on logos to an equal extent as pathos because to persuade a person

accurate information must be used in which inferences can be made. The audience must be moved by you

words (emotion) in order to be persuaded. Evidence must also be provided to support you position this will

build a foundation for emotion. Juror Four’s inferred that the defendant was guilty because his friends identified

the murder weapon as the same weapon they saw while they were talking with the defendant. More inferences

can be made from the evidence Juror Four says. Juror Eight suggest that their is a possibility that someone else

could have committed the murder using a similar switch knife to the one the defendant had. The defendant

could have also lost his knife on the way home. To persuade the other jurors that his suggestion could be true

Juror Eight slams a similar knife next to the murder weapon and both knifes seem to be identical. The other

jurors were speechless because the knife seemed to be unique and the other juror never taught that their was a

possibility you could find a knife like that. Juror Eight uses logos by providing evidence to support his claim.

The evidence used was the switch knife, putting the switch knife he had and the switch knife used to kill the

defendant's father made Juror Four’s claim more convincing. Juror Eight used pathos by making an inference

that someone else with an identical murder weapon may have killed the defendant’s father.



PROBLEM Inquiry Question​: To what extent does persuasion depend on

(Not Scored) reasoning (or ​logos)​ ?
Learning Goals 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0

RESEARCH 3: I can ​investigate Even with

With help, I
Collects information and outside sources for I can ​classify help, I cannot
data necessary to solve the I can ​identify can identify
relevant textual textual evidence identify
problem as formulated, textual evidence textual
evidence to as support for textual
drawing evidence from as support for my evidence as
informational texts, support claims claims and evidence as
claim. support for
conducting an investigation, counterclaims, and counterclaims. support for
or generating data. my claim.
rebuttals. my claim.

INTERPRETATION 2: I can ​annotate

I can ​critique I can ​critique Even with
Evaluates the claim(s), with an open mind With help, I
evidence, and reasoning ideas and​ take an ideas within a text help, I cannot
using strategies can annotate
behind currently accepted informed position by thinking with an annotate
explanations or solutions to such as ideas within a
on an issue raised open mind and a ideas within a
determine the merits of summarizing and reading.
by a text. skeptical mind. reading.
arguments. clarifying.

I can ​create a I can ​describe the

Even with
principle​ for use relationship With help, I
I can ​identify help, I cannot
of ​logos between ​logos can introduce
instances of introduce and
COMMUNICATION 1: (reasoning) within (reasoning) and and groups
Incorporates ideas and persuasion and groups ideas
and across persuasion within ideas and
supporting evidence group my ideas and
paragraphs, using and across information
purposefully using through a basic information
structures that demonstrate transitions in a paragraphs, using through a
use of paragraph through a
the line of reasoning. way that clarifies transitions in a basic use of
structure and basic use of
the reasoning and way that allows the paragraph
transitions. paragraph
logic of my audience to follow structure.
argument. my argument.

PRECISION/ I can submit a final

I can submit a final
ACCURACY 7: product that meets I can submit a final With help, I
product that meets
Assures that the final or exceeds all ELA product that can submit a Even with
product meets all all ELA standards
standards for attempts1 all ELA final product help, I cannot
discipline-specific standards for language,
language, standards for that attempts submit a final
for language, terms, academic
expressions, rules, academic language and ELA product.
vocabulary, and
terminology, and vocabulary, and conventions. standards.
conventions. conventions.

Note: Offline work (teacher observations, written work, formative assessments) may be considered when calculating grades.

To request re grading of this assignment after the grade has been entered on JumpRope:
1) Meet with Mr. Farrell after school to discuss proposed changes and receive approval
2) Email ​​ when your changes have been made

● ELA Homework Help with Mr. Kiefer is available after school on most Tuesdays in Room 272.
● Additional questions can be answered by emailing ​​.

Academic vocabulary (​inference,​ ​circumstantial​ ​evidence,​ ​fallacy​, etc.) may be missing.