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TrevEchoes | October
| October | l|
| 2018
| 2018

October 2018 | Trevecca Nazarene University’s Official Student Newspaper Since 1944 |

NEWS Want your chapel credit? Put Campus adjusts
SGA freshman class away your electronic device to more online
filled, positions re- Officials outline plan for enforcing handbook guidelines
main open for electronics, sleeping and dress code in chapel
Page 2

Students play a
four-day game of BY BROOKLYN DANCE

Madison Brown, senior religion major, spent her
Page 5 summer interning out of the country without access
to her email. She had no idea some of her books for
EDITORIAL this fall were digital until she returned and saw an
Photo provided by TrevEchoes Staff. email from the bookstore.
ONLINE NEWS EDITOR Although the handbook doesn’t de-
For Brown, physical textbooks are an important
part of her college experience.
Page 6 Students using electronics in chapel fine specific consequences of disruptive
“I’ve kept all my textbooks for my major since
for anything but Bible reading can now chapel behavior, Spraker said changes freshman year,” Brown said. “Highlights, notes and
lose their chapel credit. to the handbook will be made. all, those are the books that started my personal li-
Trevecca student development offi- “If you’re sitting in algebra and you’re brary and have helped form my theological under-
New men’s basket- cials are increasing efforts to enforce watching the “Titanic” with your head- standing and language. Online books take away the
tangible book, which is something very important to
chapel behavioral policies effective im- phones on or you’re laying across your
ball coach gears up mediately after receiving complaints desk taking a nap, odds are you’re not
of disruptive behavior during Spiritual Brown’s online books are among the 1,100 electron-
for first season Deepening week, said Matt Spraker, as-
going to get credit for that class either,”
he said. “It’s all part of how we try to say,
ic copies of books that were distributed this fall by
Page 7 Tree of Life, the company hired by Trevecca to man-
sociate dean of students for community ‘This is what our education is.’ It comes age its bookstore. The bookstore ordered more than
life. in forms of classrooms, in chapel and 10,000 books this year and electronic books account
The student handbook outlines ex- other service projects.” for 11 percent of all textbooks distributed.
pectations for chapel behavior, but until The enforcement of this policy was Whether a book is electronic or in print is not nec-
a few weeks ago there was no penalty the subject of discussion on campus af- essarily up to the university.
CONNECT for not following the rules, said sever- David Caldwell, executive vice president for fi-
ter eight students received an email in
al students who were surprised to get late September stating they would not nance and administration, attended a conference
an email on Sept. 27 telling them their put on by the Council for Christian Colleges and
be receiving credit because they were on
Universities over the summer. He learned that of the
credit for a chapel service was being re- electronics during a chapel service.
@TrevEchoes five major publishers who account for 80 percent of
voked . This wasn’t the first time students had textbooks, some are switching to online books.
All traditional students received an their credits revoked, said Spraker. But Caldwell later received a call from Tree of Life ex-
@TrevEchoes email Oct. 1 outlining the chapel pol- it was the first instance where students plaining that some of the books Trevecca students
icies based on the university catalog found out about it through email, he needed for fall 2018 classes are only available in an which prohibits activities such as wear- said. online format. If Tree of Life were to acquire those
ing earphones, texting, reading unre- books, they would have to buy them new. Tree of Life
“The hope was to send [the email] to said they could guarantee all books would be received lated materials, using computers and those who, in my opinion, already knew as physical copies for a 30 percent upcharge.
babysitting during chapel worship. if they get caught, it was because it was Trevecca spends more than $900,000 on books per
TNU Events App Students must also adhere to the very blatant,” he said. “My mistake was year, Caldwell said. Textbooks are included in tuition
dress code and are only allowed to use thinking that everybody knew that it for students.
cell phones to read the Bible and to use was inappropriate to do that. I’ve come “We don’t have 30 percent times $900,000. We
INSIDE the Spotter app, said Spraker. to find out that some people were sur- don’t have $270,000 to just throw out there. [That
Students that violate the standards prised that you’re not supposed to watch would cost] another $200 per student,” Caldwell said.
NEWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
will have their chapel credits revoked, a movie in chapel.” The cabinet met and discussed the topic, ultimate-
OPINION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 ly deciding to accept online books for the sake of
and continuous non-observance could Josiah Adams, sophomore worship
SPORTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 keeping the cost down for students.
put students on probation, according to arts major, was one of those students
Spraker. Caldwell recalls hearing of middle and high
FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Online shoppers keep mail Counseling requests
room employees busy jump 83 percent this year
BY BROOKLYN DANCE BY MATTHEW PARRIS Smith House on campus, employs full
time counselors and graduate counseling
A full set of tires, guitars and gro- Trevecca’s counseling center has seen students as interns. With the sudden and
ceries from Walmart are just a few of the student requests for counseling increase unexpected jump in requests, the coun-
more than 17,000 packages the Trevecca by approximately 83 percent compared to seling center is hiring new interns, bring-
mail room has processed in the past year. last August and September, and they are ing the total number of staff up to 22.
Marla Houser, Trevecca mail room doing everything they can to keep up. “Right now, dealing with the
supervisor, knows of a student who or- “It took us by surprise for sure,” amounts of students we have requesting
ders so many packages consistently that said Erika Jetton, one of the center’s staff counseling, I would say that’s our top
he felt embarrassed and started sending counselors. “Our gut is not that it’s bad- goal: how to best meet that need. We’re
the packages to his friend’s mailbox. -not to put a positive or negative on it. It not at a place where we have a waitlist,
He’s just one of many students who was just a lot of requests in a short period nor are we turning away, but as the se-
take advantage of online shopping and of time, which we weren’t used to.” mester goes along we want to be able to
CONTINUED PAGE 3 Photo provided by Nguyen. The counseling center, located in the CONTINUED PAGE 5
2018 | October | TrevEchoes

Freshman council elected,
SGA positions still open
BY hannah butler “I feel like SGA makes Trevecca a safer place
STAFF WRITER and for people from other countries, you make
SGA welcomed on Oct. 1 the newly elected it feel like home,” said Giron.
freshman class council. Kochanowski will serve as junior class rep-
Along with the new freshmen, three stu- resentative.
dents stepped up to fill the vacant spots in the “I want to run for SGA because I want to be Erica Wigart - President Taylor Gregory - Representative
junior and senior class. in a place where I can be the change. I think Hometown: Nashville, TN Hometown: Cedar Hill, TN
According to the SGA constitution, which is there is a lot of potential here and I think this is
Major: Religion Major: Biology
the guiding document, elections for the coun- a good place to start,” said Kochanowski.
cil are held in the spring for the next coming Even with the spring all student body elec- Favorite animal: Dogs Favorite animal: Cats
school year. If, however, the positions are not tions and the approved rule suspension, there
filled, there is a second election the next fall. Fun fact: I always loved basketball. I Fun fact: My debate team in high school
are still three vacant positions on SGA. One made 3 points off of free throws. was ranked first in state and fourth inter-
“This year, since we had open spots after two junior class representative and two senior class nationally
elections the executive SGA council voted to representative positions still need to be filled. If Goal for position: To make student life
interested in joining, contact Ivan Palomares, on campus as interactive and engaging as Goal for position: Build good communi-
suspend the rules in order to allow the student cation skills with the freshman class and
government to represent the student body. So, ASB president, at ispalomaresgonzalez@trev- SGA through successful class forums.
this Monday night, all of SGA voted for them
to fill the vacant spots,” said Matt Spraker, asso-
ciate dean of students for community life.
Jared Smith won the position of senior class
representative last year, but because the seat
for senior class vice president was still vacant,
Smith decided that position was a better fit for
“I was elected as a senior representative, but
after time, since no one had applied to be the
vice president, I volunteered to be promoted
to that position by the students in SGA,” said
Smith. William Browning - Chaplain
Leslie Hernandez - Vice President Carter O’Neal - Representative
Since the rules were suspended, Abbie
Giron and Nate Kochanowski, both juniors, Hometown: Mount Vernon, Ohio
Hometown: Bellbuckle, TN Hometown: Thompson’s Station, TN
stood up in front of SGA to run for junior class Major: Religion
vice president and representative. Major: Psychology Major: Music Business
Favorite animal: Elephant
Smith, Giron and Kochanowski were all ap- Favorite animal: Quokka Favorite animal: Penguins
proved by SGA. Fun fact: I preached my first sermon
Fun fact: I have a very unique laugh when I was 12 years old Fun fact: I play the drums
Giron, special education major, was voted
onto SGA unanimously as junior class vice Goal for position: To bring everyone in Goal for position: To work with the other Goal for position: To make our freshman
president. As an international student, Giron, the freshman class closer with each other chaplains to see this campus become year the best it can be.
who is from Honduras, is excited to serve oth- and with God. more Christ-centered so that we may
er international students. grow closer together as a community.

Four-day game of Assassin involves 25 students on campus
BY ashley williams Cooper uses club meetings as a time
SOCIAL LIFE EDITOR to relax and ground himself from all the
Joshua Moore thought he had every school work.
reason to be safe. Little did he know, “When I get really anxious, I will
letting his guard down would lead to his go out and practice some of the forms
defeat. because it helps me work through spe-
“To my distress, one of my friends cific motions, it gives me something that
casually walked up to me while holding I can put my hands on that I can con-
a conversation and stabbed me with trol in the moment. It helps me ground
his cardboard knife. Heartbreaking, I myself in whatever struggle I have,” said
know,” said Moore, junior media arts Cooper.
and studies major. Though most players of Assassin
Moore is one of the 25 students were members of the TLA, the game is
playing Assassin, a four-day cam- open to the entire student body.
pus-wide game that uses weapons such Cooper is planning on setting
as Nerf guns, cardboard knives, rubber another round of Assassin in the future.
snakes and cardboard ninja stars to gain Trojan Light saber Club in action. Photo provided by TrevEchoes Staff. If interested, contact Wesley Cooper at
kill points. There are two ways of win-
ning Assassin: be the last player alive or started because nobody trusts anybody.” him and his friends.
accumulate the most kill points as deter- The game started on Monday, Oct. 1. “It was super fun, and I’d love to do
mined by the weapons players use. And by Thursday, Oct. 4 there were only it again but not too soon. Having that
At the start of the game, players will four players left. The game ended before much anxiety on top of the schoolwork
each receive the name of their target. fall break with Brooke Burns, junior and extra-curricular activities is taxing
If the assassin’s attack succeeds, their business major, tallying the most points on a mere college student,” said Moore.
victim’s target will be passed on to them Some players have constructed Last year, Cooper and the members
until only one player is left. The winner creative ways to attack their targets, said of the TLA started training by learning
will receive a $10 gift card. Cooper. But for Burns, taking the risk of basic moves with their light sabers.
The Trojan Lightsaber Academy trusting another player could be benefi- The club meets once a week for one
(TLA), an unofficial club at Trevecca, cial in the long run. hour under the bell tower. Cooper, a sec-
hosted the game. Wesley Cooper, club “I didn’t have a real strategy at the ond-degree black belt in Taekwondo and
president, authored a five-page rulebook beginning but then I made an alliance self-taught on light saber combat moves,
which includes safe zones, methods of with Grace Perry and Josh Moore, and teaches members.
killing and self-defense rules. our goal was to get to the final three,” “We had nothing better to do so
“It’s kind of like monopoly, it gives said Burns. “Other than that, I just I just started just teaching them the
you trust issues with your friends,” said stayed strictly to knife kills because basic combat stuff, and it just grew from
Cooper. “We all eat lunch together, we they were the second highest source of there,” he said. Photo provided by TrevEchoes Staff.

all hang out together, but you’ll sit there points.” For now, full combat between play-
and see people shifting eyes. We haven’t Moore said his favorite part of the ers isn’t allowed in Assassin until they
had a full group sit down since the game game was the constant tension between learn a few sparring drills he said.
TrevEchoes | October | 2018 |

Students taking advantage of the ease of online shopping
CONTINUED FROM COVER from Amazon. We get a lot of Gap, Amer- things I may like pop up on my social quite known my last name when I get to
keep mailroom employees on campus ican Eagle, Ipsy, Fab Fit Fun and the media feeds, and I can’t help but cave in. the counter yet.”
busier than ever. shave club,” Houser said. Tyska added that finally receiving Even if they did recognize Tyska, she
The mail room has processed 17,173 Ipsy, Fab Fit Fun and Dollar Shave the package is the best part. said she wouldn’t be embarrassed.
packages since last October. Houser, who Club are all subscription services, mean- “Every time I order something and “I never feel embarrassed if I get an-
has been in charge of the mail room since ing students receive packages monthly, get a ‘Your package has arrived’ email, other package. There’s too much excite-
July 2017, implemented SendSuite, a new seasonally or however often they sched- I get excited. It’s like getting a present,” ment for whatever I got,” Tyska said.
system for tracking packages and notify- ule it. Tyska said. If the amount of packages continues
ing students. Before that, every package Jorden Tyska, sophomore social The mail room workers recognize to rise at this rate, Houser foresees a need
was recorded by hand and students were justice major, said she online shops to some students, but Tyska doesn’t think for change.
notified via slips in their mailbox, so treat herself. she is there yet. “We have things in the works. We
there was no accurate way to count how “I stress order all the time. With hav- “I order things anywhere from two hope to make things better for students,
many packages were sent to the mail ing more than a full course load, running to five times a month,” Tyska said. “I’m SendSuite tracking has been a very big
room. and work, I don’t exactly have time to go honestly not sure if they recognize me or improvement,” Houser said.
Houser has noted an increase in stu- shopping,” Tyska said. “So sometimes not. They’re always super nice but haven’t
dents online shopping, which is consis-
tent with national trends.
“The combination of anonymity, the
convenience of not having to go to a store
and the variety of products available can
fuel online shopping addictions.” Said
April Lane Benson, a psychologist spe-
cializing in compulsive buying disorder
told CNBC.
Most of the packages are ordered by
undergraduate students living on cam-
pus, external relations and 1901.
UPS, USPS, Fed Ex, Fed Ex Express
and Amazon all drop off packages in the
morning, and outgoing mail is picked up
at 3 p.m. daily.
Houser said Mondays, the beginning
of semesters and holidays are the busiest
mail times, because packages are not de-
livered over the weekend and out of state
students and parents often ship dorm
supplies to the mail room.
She said she has seen trends in pack-
ages received.
“Some days there are 25 packages Houser scanning in packages. Photo provided by Nguyen.

1901 creates event for students to share talents in intimate setting
BY Kayla Williamson and Audrey yawn Live streaming of previous shows
are available on Instagram @1901live
Student artists on campus have a new
and regular updates can be found
venue for sharing their creative work.
Nestled in 1901, the on-campus coffee
The last performance of this
shop, is a chance for students to perform
semester is set for Thursday Dec. 6. The
in front of a small audience. And so far,
performer’s identity will be released
the audience have been showing up.
closer to the date. If students would like
More than 100 students filled the to volunteer for set up and clean up,
room for the first 1901 Live performance send an email at
on Sept. 20.
For more information or to fill out an
Senior Gabby Smith was the first to application, send an email to 1901live@
perform. She was intentional about When filling out the
making it a community sharing event. application, students will need a set
Two students read their poetry, one list, AV list (required equipment) and
showed her embroidery work, one collaborative artists.
gave her testimony and one shared her
graphic design.
“1901 Live is more intimate than a
Hub show,” said Smith. “It gives artists a
chance to be more intimate.”
1901 Live started as a dream between Smith performing at the first 1901 Live. Photo provided by 1901.
Logan Rogers, 1901 manager, and Joshua striving for quality over quantity. Instead for openness and a chance to create
Connerty, sophomore and employee. of having shows every week, they give growth in the community.
Rogers said he initially came up with artists time to create their set and be “The more the merrier. Bring your
the idea, while Connerty took it in a new creative in what they want to present.  friends. Good crowds have a positive
direction. They wanted to create a coffee
“If you’re an artist, 1901 Live is a impact on ambiance,” said Rogers.
shop that didn’t already exist. They
wonderful place to share what you’re Since 1901 Live is still a new idea, all
wanted a place for artists and creative
working on,” said Connerty, “It’s ideas are welcome.
people to feel comfortable sharing their
an inviting place to play that’s not “We are open to hearing people’s
intimidating.” thoughts even if they aren’t an artist,”
1901’s mission is to provide high
For students unsure about attending a said Rogers. “Anything can come from
quality, specialty coffee in an
performance, the organizers believe they it. Even praise and encouragement. We Provided by 1901.
atmosphere that nurtures community
have created a conducive environment want to hear people’s voices.”
and ministry. 1901 Live enhances that by
2018 | October | TrevEchoes
NEWS who are sitting at the front, it’s much sphere for chapel. Chapel is an import- identifying violators by writing their
Chapel behavior easier for them to be engaged, it’s much
easier for them to be attentive and it
ant part of who we are and it’s the time
that we come together for corporate
names down or by taking a photo. Ush-
ers also have the role of helping stu-
seems like the students who are in the worship,” he said.
expectations back, it’s much easier to be disengaged,” Chapel ushers will be tasked with
dents find seats and answer chapel re-
lated questions.
she said. “I understand how culture is
enforced created and we just allowed a culture to
CONTINUED FROM COVER unfold in the back of chapel that might
that weren’t aware of the policy. He was not be the best.”
sitting in the back row of chapel with Students may find sudden changes
one earbud in two days before he re- difficult, but SGA is working to hear
ceived an email from Spraker. their concerns and fix some discrepan-
“If I would’ve known that there’s a cies, said Ivan Palomares, ASB president.
strict rule against headphones and stuff “For so many years, people had
like that, then I wouldn’t use them,” he thought about [their behavior] as being
said. OK, and now it’s changing. Obviously,
Adams and the other students got nobody likes change,” he said.
their credits back a day after receiving Palomares wants to assure students
the email. In situations like this, Sprak- that SGA is working closely with Sprak-
er encourages students to “communicate er and Jessica Dykes, associate vice pres-
nicely” to administrators and faculty. ident and dean of student development,
Students need to change their expec- as the policy is adjusted.
tations when they enter the worship en- Recently, Spraker held a Q&A at the
vironment, said Shawna Songer-Gaines, Bud Robinson building to clear up some
university chaplain and assistant profes- confusion and address some of the ques-
sor of Christian worship. Being on stage, tions that students have about the chap-
she noticed that the students that sit in el policy. He also wants students to un- Information provided by Matt Spraker.

the front and back row have two very dif- derstand their goal.
ferent chapel experiences. “One is just to help maintain and
“[For] our students who are students provide a respectful, worshipful atmo-

S.W.E.E.T hosts first event Student speaks eight lan-
explaining consent guages
By Naomi Overby nonverbal responses, and Cathcart went By Alexis Garcia
on to explain how bystander intervention STAFF WRITER

Around 40 students showed up for is important and can prevent an assault Khaoula El Mardi can go nearly any-
the first event of the newly created Stu- from happening. where in the world and communicate.
dent Wellbeing Education & Engagement “If you can, put yourself out there The sophomore Biology major
Events at Trevecca: Let’s Taco ‘Bout Con- even if it means making a fool of your- speaks eight languages.
sent. self. I’ve heard it said like, ‘what’s an El Mardi was raised in Morocco with
The event, organized by the group, embarrassing moment if you’re wrong in a father who is fluent in Arabic, French
also known as SWEET, was open to any comparison to saving someone from sex- and Russian and a mother who speaks
student on campus. ual assault?’” Kate McCall, a freshman on Italian, Spanish, French and Arabic.
“Why are we talking about consent campus said.
By the age of three El Mardi already
at Trevecca?” Jamie Cathcart, Title IX SWEET has more events on campus knew three languages because of her
Compliance and Investigator asked. “It’s planned for the year. In October alone, family.
important that we talk about these things the committee will be covering sex and
“Arabic and French are our native Photo provided by El Mardi.
before you find yourself in a position porn, healthy relationships, conflict, gen-
language, but my mom studied Spanish “Now that I am in Nashville I talk a
where you confront them. It’s important der norms and sexual violence as some of
for three years in a university in Spain,” lot in Spanish with people from Hondru-
we talk about this issue. It’s a lifelong their topics.
said El Mardi. “She said, ‘It will be great as. I talk in English, and with my brother
skill that you have to practice, having Laurie Wells, the resident director to put my children in a Spanish high
open conversations.” I speak in French and Arabic,” she said.
for Georgia Hall, is also on SWEET. Part school, and great for them to have anoth-
People have a lot of discomfort of her role is to act as the bridge between El Mardi’s brother Mehdi El Mar-
er language. ‘” di said that he loves having his sister at
talking about sex in general but specif- resident life and the wellness committee.
Today, El Mardi speaks Arabic, Clas- Trevecca because he wants her to expe-
ically sexual violence, the event’s main “We need more things like this event, sical Arabic, French, Spanish, English,
purpose is finding a way to introduce the rience what he experienced. He also said
more focus groups like this,” Wells said. Catalan, and Dutch.
topic in a non-threatening and relatable that his sister can be introverted at times,
“The campus is ready for this.”
way, Cathcart explained One of the biggest advantages of but getting to know her, one can see that
knowing so many languages is the abil- she is intelligent and kind.
October is Domestic Violence ity go to new places and understand the
Awareness month and SWEET wanted to “Khaoula is way much more of a hard
people. worker when it comes to school than me.
put on this event in recognition of that.
“When you’re in another country, She can be very shy, but she is always ra-
Cathcart was the speaker for the you hear people talking in another lan- diant with energy,” said El Mardi.
event, and offered several metaphors guage, and you know what they are say-
and examples for understanding consent Sometimes when she is not around
ing,” said El Mardi. “You can say that you the languages she knows, her skills get a
during her presentation. understand and play with that.” little rusty. The only way she remembers
“If you ask me for $5, and I’m too El Mardi hopes to become an inter- is by listening to others speak, and things
drunk to say yes, can you take it out of national surgeon because she wants to come back to her memory.
my purse?” Cathcart asked students. help people around the world. “Since there are not a lot of peo-
Students participated enthusiasti- “I will have more opportunities to ple who speak Dutch, I can forget some
cally in answering what they know about work outside of the United States and words,” said El Mardi. “When I met my
consent, mentioning boundaries and go to another country because there are cousins again in the summer it became
open communication in a relationship. a lot of tourists and immigrants,” said El more fluent again.”
Cathcart clarified that consent is Mardi. “So it will be really easy for them Although El Mardi knows seven lan-
not a result of coercion, force, threat, to communicate with me in their own guages, she also has extra curriculars un-
intimidation or any other pressure. She language.” der her sleeve. She has been a ballerina
explained that consent can be verbal or El Mardi doesn’t get to practice all since the age of five and is learning kick-
non-verbal, it is free and voluntary, and it of her languages on campus, but can talk boxing back home.
requires the person to be informed of the with some friends an her brother, Mehdi
nature of sexual contact involved.
Students discuss a handout at the event. Photo provided by When El Mardi has time for herself,
Ashley Williams. El Mardi, who also attends at Trevecca she says that she wants to learn Russian
Papers were then handed out to and is a senior basketball player. just like her father.
groups of students to practice assessing
TrevEchoes | October | 2018 |

More students receive online textbooks this semester
CONTINUED FROM COVER es were given to students in electronic format. that this may be a serious obstacle for some students
who don’t come from homes with a lot of technology,”
schools in Nashville in which students have never “I began getting emails from faculty, [saying things
Welch said. “I’d like to see the university make laptops
received a hard copy of a textbook, indicating to him like] no one had told us how to log in, we didn’t have
and tablets available for an extended rental.”
that the future is digital. copies of e-books, some didn’t have page numbers …
In terms of pedagogy and what it means to teach with Brown said that is also a concern of students.
“In five years, those will be incoming freshman. If
an e-book, faculty just had no warning,” Welch said. “I find it extremely unfair to our students who
you gave them a physical book, they would say ‘What
Welch said deans were informed there may be a don’t own laptops. Only being able to access your
do I do with this?’”
switch to electronic books in a deans meeting at the textbook on Trevecca computers is limiting and hin-
Pearson, a leading textbook company, took their dering and does not take into account their daily lives
top 200 to 300 titles and made them unavailable as beginning of the semester, but they didn’t know spe-
cifically which classes or books would be effected. or schedules,” Brown said.
physical copies, Caldwell said. Textbook companies
“We were told there was a chance [books] may be Caldwell is aware that lack of technology could be
are dealing with piracy problems and copyright is-
electronic, it was all discussion, [there] won’t be very an issue for students, though he has not heard of any
many, may be a few,” Welch said. “I almost didn’t complaints yet.
We’re caught in the middle of this. We didn’t know
mention it to faculty of arts and sciences, [thinking] Gaines is hesitant to transition to online books,
how it would work out,” Caldwell said.
there won’t be many. Just by chance, I mentioned it.” citing research that students learn better with hard
Students received an email from the Trevecca Book copies.
Store on Aug. 18 explaining that some books may be All Speech Communication books are digital this
year. Professors did not know until the first speech “While there’s no doubt that college students are
online books, in order to keep costs down.
class started and one professor asked students to take going to need to acquire the skills to work with digital
On the first day of classes, many teachers and out their book, and no one had one. Jenesis Smith reading an online book. Photo provided by Smith. platforms, most early findings are showing that we
students were still surprised to learn some materials this semester. do better processing complex or extended arguments
were only available online. “That’s the one we were all kind of surprised
about,” Welch said. Concerning student participation, Welch is not yet when we are reading from a page,” Gaines said. “Dig-
Katie Reed, bookstore manager, said she received sure if students read digital books less or participate ital platforms may deliver more information more
a lot of emails from both faculty and students at the In the future, Welch hopes the process is commu- in class less because of digital books. quickly, but sitting down with a hard copy in your
beginning of the semester concerning digital books. nicated more efficiently.
“I would like to see a Tree of Life or book store rep- hands is probably better at helping us learn to think.”
In many situations, students just didn’t know how to “I hope there is a plan going forward to do a couple resentative meeting with students. It could be SGA, it He said he’s hopeful that book sellers, publishers
access the books electronically. things. First of all, to do a better job notifying students could also be other student groups, to get a sense of and universities can come together to find solutions
“Every time someone came in with questions, we to expect e-books. My biggest concern is students,” study habits and reading,” Welch said. that are best for students.
were able to figure it out,” Reed said. Welch said. “I just did an informal survey, not anony-
mous, asking students if they have access to a laptop Gaines said he is also interested in seeing an as- “While market forces are a reality, they are not the
Tim Gaines, assistant professor of religion, has on- or tablet or reader 24/7. Almost 10 percent of my Gen- sessment on student performance with online books. only reality. If enough innovative and creative profes-
line books in his Christian Tradition and Systematic eral Education class did not. They had their phone, “It’s hard to say whether the presence of digital text sors and administrators can engage the conversation,
Theology classes. He didn’t know he was teaching but it is difficult to read a textbook on a phone.” this semester is causing a decrease in student engage- I think we can find some solutions that don’t add
with online books until the first day of class. ment. There are a number of factors that affect stu- more to students’ debt load while also putting the
Welch is also hopeful students are better notified
“My first awareness that students would be work- dent engagement and different means of measuring best material in their hands,” he said “Our mission
of all the options for receiving textbooks.
ing with digital texts came on the first day of class student engagement, so it would be difficult to narrow is too critical to simply shrug and resign ourselves to
when I was introducing the course textbooks and There was an option for students to pay $9.99 per their engagement down to one factor alone,” Gaines methods of teaching that we know aren’t preparing
some students began asking questions about using credit hour to guarantee printed book rentals. Cald- said. “I would be interested in seeing whether the use students as well as we could to creatively and faithful-
digital copies of the texts,” Gaines said. well said only around five students did that this se- of a digital text influences student performance on ly engage a world that isn’t getting any simpler. I’d
mester. some learning assessments from year to year.” like to look at what it might mean for universities to
Lena Hegi Welch, dean of the School of Arts and
Sciences, said several faculty members in her school Students also have the option to opt out of the text- Most of all, Welch said she is worried about some partner together to curate content, or to enter more
contacted her at the beginning of the semester as they books included in tuition program through Tree of students who may not have access to technology. directly into partnership with publishers who can
were surprised to find out books they chose for class- Life. Reed said around 30 students chose to do that provide print books on an as-need basis.”
“I think the university has to think about the fact

Sigma Zeta invites students to escape out of Greathouse
By Bailee Ford The Game will consist of two to three to play but may not entirely understand the Cawthorne asked me to see if I could get it
STAFF WRITER different math and science themed rooms with STEM concepts used as clues. restarted. As a result, we restarted in 2013 when
Sigma Zeta is preparing their own version varying levels of difficulty for students to try The funds raised from the event will be used we inducted 11 students and three faculty,”
of an escape game for Homecoming 2018. their hand at. Each room has a certain set of to benefit the community, Clark said. Cawthorne said.
Sigma Zeta, the math and science honor clues that lead the group to finding their way “This is a longstanding organization, but it’s In previous years, the organization has
society, is putting on the event as a fundraiser out, and the goal in a typical escape room is to been kind of inactive lately. You see a bunch of done work with KidPOWER and various
for various community outreach projects get out fast using as few hints as possible. math and science majors on campus, and we’re departments around campus, and hopes to
planned throughout the school year. Sigma Zeta’s Escape Game is more for just hoping to become more of a presence and continue that in the future, as well as expand
fun and a good cause rather than competing show that we do more than study,” she said. their community outreach.
The organization held the same event last
year at TNT and is hoping that with more against others. All of the rooms are planned Dr. Rick Badley, faculty advisor, is excited The Escape Game will be held in Greathouse
planning and student involvement this year, by students and based upon the organization’s for the organization’s growth. Science Building during the first weekend of
the Escape Game will be even more popular, interests. There will be students assigned to November. Admission is $5 per person or $20
each room to help out those who still want “When I came to Trevecca, Sigma Zeta
said Linzee Clark, club president. for a room with five people.
had been inactive for several years. Dr. Fred

Counseling Center serves more students this year Avila-Pastor said.
keep up with the need,” said Jetton. Zack Church, the Resident Director Counseling Center FAQs
While Jetton said that it was difficult for Benson Hall, recommends all of his
to point to one specific reason for the in- Resident Assistants to take counseling. How do I know if I need If I feel I need to speak to
crease in requests, she did theorize some “I do not think there is a single counseling? someone immediately, is
possible explanations. person out there that would not bene- that possible?
Although many issues bring students into
“We have, as a counseling center, fit from speaking to a counselor,” said counseling, some common themes include It is recommended that you schedule appoint-
really tried to increase our exposure Church. “I feel like the reason they’re depression, anxiety, problems transitioning ments in advance if possible.
on campus. We’ve made an effort to try seeing an increase is that students are into college life, relationship problems, The Counseling Center offers walk-in availabil-
and make ourselves known, our services more willing to talk about it. I feel like eating disorders or concerns, family issues, ity Monday through Friday at 10:00 a.m. and
substance abuse, academic stress or concerns 3:00 p.m.
known, get the word out there that it’s there’s been a stigma around counseling
with friends and family. If you are in a crisis you can call the on campus
OK to not be OK,” said Jetton. “This for a really long time, and people have
crisis hotline at 615-244-7444 for aid during
generation, I think, is better at seeking felt like ‘Oh I’m not one of those peo- What is counseling? non-business hours (before 8 a.m. or after 4:30
health. We’ve seen the stigma decreasing ple. I don’t need to go to counseling. My p.m.)
around counseling.” problem isn’t that bad.’ Now students Counseling is essentially a “partnership” that
Katerine Avila-Pastor, a senior recognize that it is just a part of their is formed between the client and the counsel- How long does it last?
intern who runs the counseling social overall health, the same way their physi- or. Through this partnership or relationship
media accounts, said she tries to post at cal health is.” the client can begin to find healing and help. Counseling typically last 50-60 minutes and
least one to two times a week on Insta- In addition to hiring new counsel- takes place one time a week. However, you
gram. ors, the center has also implemented Is what I say confidential? and your counselor might decide that you
would benefit from more or less frequent
“Also, mental health is a really big more programs aimed at larger groups, appointments. The length of time a student
Yes. Everything you say will be kept confidential.
topic that is no longer taboo, I think. It’s and is even considering opening the will stay in counseling varies depending on
There are rare occasions in which a counselor
something people no longer shy away counseling center on Saturdays to try feels the safety of a client or another student is the reason they sought counseling, but most
from. I go to counseling, and I think and make sure that no student who seeks at risk and at that point the counselor will be students will attend counseling for three to
help is turned away. required to disclose information eight sessions.
it’s great. I think everyone should go to
counseling at least once to try it out,”
Information provided by
2018 | October | TrevEchoes

“The next time you have a break
between classes, instead of check-
From the ing your phone, try going for a walk
counseling around the quad.”
center: How
to deal with
span. One of the most surprising things Another helpful aspect of being in na-
about this research is that it doesn’t require ture is that we have an opportunity to en-
a weekend camping trip or even a two-hour gage our senses. We can see the trees and
stress during hike to access these benefits (although
camping and hiking definitely have mental
birds, we can hear the cicadas buzzing, we
can feel the breeze on our skin, and we can

the school health benefits!). Rather, looking for nature
in everyday places can give the same good
results, even if that means noticing an in-
smell the damp earth after a rain. When we
take time to engage our senses and notice
the world around us, we make room to ex-
year door potted plant or a flower growing in a
crack in the sidewalk.
perience awe and wonder, which boosts our
When we engage with nature, it pro- Trevecca students are lucky to have
BY COURTNEY HOWARD Photo provided by Trevecca Marketing.
COUNSELING CENTER GRADUATE INTERN vides an opportunity to be a part of some- an abundance of nature within our urban
In the midst of tests and group proj- thing bigger than ourselves, which broad- campus. The next time you have a break notice the canopy of dark and light green
ects, employment, and relationships, it’s ens perspective and minimizes self-focus. between classes, instead of checking your leaves above your head. If you have a few
easy to get stressed and worn down. But When we’re caught up in our thoughts and phone, try going for a walk around the more minutes, head over to the Trevecca Ur-
one of the easiest ways to improve your feelings, or worries about the past or fu- quad. While you’re there, walk under the ban Farm. Listen for the sound of the goats
mental health lies just outside your door. ture, being in nature grounds us and brings bell tower and up the steps towards Adams bleating and the roosters crowing. Feel the
Numerous research studies have shown us into the present. Being present in a mo- and listen to the sound of the water bur- sun on your face and the wind blowing in
that being in nature can reduce heart rate ment helps us to slow down, feel calm, and bling downstream. Enjoy the shade from your hair. When you’re done, you can go
and stress hormones, increase feelings of have clarity about our lives without getting the century-old maple trees. Walk uphill to back to class with a greater sense of wellbe-
contentment and connectedness to others, tangled up in the overwhelming thoughts Smith House and keep walking until you’re ing and better prepared to handle the rest
and boost creativity, memory and attention and feelings that can occur. in the grassy field behind it. Look up and of the day’s tasks.

Editorial: It’s good to know when
you’re not OK
It’s hard to open up about it without feel-
ing judged even around family or friends. But
leaving your mental health unchecked can lead
to serious repercussions.
The World Health Organization states
that depression is the leading cause of disability
affecting more 300 million people around the
world, and fewer than half receive treatment.
Seeing the rise of students utilizing the
counseling resources means that students real-
ize they don’t have to tough it out or go through
their struggles alone. They understand that
they need help sometimes.
Though more students are seeking coun-
seling, not everybody is willing to share their
The last time I heard the words “bipolar” thoughts with strangers.
and “depressed” brought up in a conversation If you find yourself in this situation, NAMI
it was used to describe the weather. It’s hard to suggests three ways you can start a conversation
believe I’ve rarely heard these words said in the and receive the best support possible: EDITORIAL STAFF
context of mental health. 1. “Process” talk Editor-In-Chief
At Trevecca though, the 83 percent rise of
students sending requests to the counseling Brooklyn Dance
This means “talking about talking.” Tell
center from last year says a lot— literally. your listener how you feel about sharing this in-
Whether this is a good thing or a bad Sports Editor Social life Editor
formation. This allows your listener to prepare
thing is debatable. But what it does say is that for the conversation that’s about to happen. Maddux Reid Ashley Williams
students are more willing to talk about what’s
going through their mind. And that for sure is 2. Specific problem
a good thing— even if the topic of discussion Assistant Editor & online editor Design & photo editor
isn’t. Share concrete examples of what you’ve Maria monteros Morgan woolum
The stigma around mental health is one of been going through. What are some of the
the reasons why mental illness awareness week, things that are causing you stress? Let your lis-
Oct. 7 – Oct. 13, was established to begin with, tener know if you feel like you’ve been behaving
according to the National Alliance on Mental or feeling differently.
Illness (NAMI). Photographer Online media Manager
The discussion around mental has been 3. Suggestions for how loved ones can Uy Nguyen Ethan campbell
stuck in my head since my professor had re-
cently brought up a question: Are students
more willing to talk about mental health if their Discussing mental health could be unfa- STAFF WRITERS
loved ones don’t know about it? miliar territory for your listener. When talking Hannah butler Naomi Overby
Having a conversation around mental about your mental health, it’s important to let
health is hard, it’s too personal and uncomfort- them know how they can help. Alexis Garcia Matthew Parris
able. In other words, it’s the conversation some
people would rather not have.
David Hancock Kallie Sohm

CORRECTION: In the September print issue of the TrevEchoes, the number of decrease in freshman Miriam kirk Audrey Yawn
was incorrectly reported. This year there are 41 fewer freshman on campus than in 2017. Additionally, an
info graphic in the print issue reported an incorrect number of transfer students. There are 94 new transfer
students this fall. We regret the errors.
TrevEchoes is published by and for the students of Trevecca Nazarene University. The views expressed in Trev-
Echoes are those of the individual contributors and do not necessarily reflect the views of Trevecca. Contrib-
utors may be edited for grammar, spelling, content, or space consideration. Our office is located in Jernigan.
SPORTS TrevEchoes | October | 2018 |

Photo provided by Trevecca Athletics.

Omar Mance begins first season as men’s basketball coach
BY MADDUX REID embodied all those things. the program is to be unashamed of the goal was to engage with the student
SPORTS EDITOR gospel. body. I want to put our men in an en-
“He felt like [Trevecca] could do it
Omar Mance was named the ninth differently than most other people, and “Our program will reflect our identity vironment where they are giving and
mens’ basketball coach in Trevecca histo- really live out that mission. I don’t think in Christ. A lot of programs say it, but serving, hoping for nothing in return,”
ry and for student-athletes like Mehdi El there is any question after what we have it will be who we are,” Mance said. “My said Mance. “If we serve our communi-
Mardi, he is integrating the team into the seen in the first few weeks that the em- goal is to help our players grow in their ty and student body, whether they come
Trevecca community. phasis of the team are the three prior- faith, whether that means getting to to our games or not, at least they know
El Mardi, senior on the basketball ities: Christian, scholar, athlete,” said know who Christ is, or growing in their we are here for them. We have to meet
team, said Mance brought a fresh air to Mark Elliot, director of athletics. faith if they already know Him.” them where they are.”
campus, but especially to the basketball Mance grew up in a basketball family, El Mardi said Mance showed him Mance said the addition of a JV team
team. with a legendary father as a high school how to “dream his biggest dream” and is is just one more way to promote Trev-
“Every player is being valued and coach in Atlanta. giving him the tools and resources to be ecca. He said the importance of getting
cared about, we went from being an iso- able to achieve them. more men to Trevecca through basket-
Mance’s playing and coaching career
lated group on campus to an active part include stints at Liberty University, Rice A valedictorian in high school and ball adds value to the program, the uni-
of community. Coach O brought all his University and Vanderbilt University. student at Rice, Mance said he knows versity and the student body.
experience from big Division I schools His experience at Division I schools will the importance of academics and wants According to Mance, the success of
to Trevecca, we might not have the facil- allow him to recruit and develop play- to have a emphasis on scholar-academ- both programs this year is not defined
ities of Vanderbilt or Rice, but the work ers with a higher division mentality, El- ic development. He said academics will by wins and losses, but by players want-
ethic and commitment is the same or liot said. take priority over basketball, even if ing to know Christ and making Him
even higher,” said El Mardi. that means players sitting out during known more. Mance said if Trevecca
Mance said he plans on using his ex-
Mance, called “Coach O” by the the season. basketball players know Christ and go
perience to raise the bar at Trevecca,
Trevecca community, said his goal is to rather than lowering his expectations. “If there are guys that need to do cer- about every day making Him known to
impact young people’s lives for Christ tain things to make sure they graduate the school, that is success in his eyes.
“My experience at the high level will
through basketball. or get their grades up, I will not hesitate “It’s a completely new team. There
help our team operate at a Division I
“We are really starting from the for them to not play basketball. Some aren’t many coaches in the country do-
level. I will treat them and try to give
ground up and building a Godly cul- guys are red-shirting because of how ing what I’m doing, but I think that’s
them the things that make their experi-
ture. We are focusing on Christian first, important academics are to me, more- why we are here at Trevecca,” Mance
ence great,” said Mance.
scholar second and athlete last,” said so than winning a game,” said Mance. said. “If we are truly embodying what
Elliot said that although the school the mission of the university is, then
Mance. Mance said the goal this year is to
does not have the resources of a Divi- our team should reflect that. For us it’s
Mance’s love for Nashville, his goal serve and engage. Whether that’s volun-
sion I athletic program, Trevecca will about growing in our faith, doing well
of becoming a head coach and a calling teering in the concession stand, work-
continue to grow and get better by hav- academically, and then ‘oh yeah by the
to impact lives for Christ all combined ing soccer games, going to volleyball
ing people like Mance with a strong way, we play basketball’.”
to lead him to Trevecca. He said he felt games or attending school events.
called to be at Trevecca, a school which “For the first few months, our one
According to Mance, the mission of

Men’s soccer beats number two team with end of season nearing
BY KALLIE SOHM season, the team only scored 10 goals on the freshman season, is the next in line for of the four years that he has been here
road all year. most goals scored this season with four. and that this season the turnout has been
Trojan’s men soccer is preparing for Even after beating Walsh University 3-0 While Leavy and Reinhard both said they incredible.
tournament play. at home Thursday Oct. 4, Reinhard said his believed he would be a positive addition The Trojans have three remaining
“We’re in a good standing, and we know team could have performed even better. to the team, they said they were pleasantly regular season games before beginning
that we can still push higher. I’d say we’re surprised to see how his game has excelled. postseason play Saturday Oct. 27. All three
Some position tweaks were made before
feeling pretty optimistic about where we’re playing Walsh; putting David Brooks in the Reinhard called Molina “the striker are at home, Thursday Oct. 18 against
at [in relation to post season play],” said midfield. Brooks scored the third goal of we’ve always searched for” and “the perfect Cedarville, Saturday Oct. 20 against Ohio
head coach, David Leavy. that game in the second period. The win man up top.” Dominican University and Tuesday Oct. 23
After finishing the month of Sept. with took away any hope for Walsh of getting Keogh and Reinhard wanted to thank against Kentucky Wesleyan.
a 5-4-1 record, the team had hoped to go ahead of the Trojans in the Great-Midwest the team’s supporters. Reinhard said that “The next game is always going to be the
undefeated through the month of October, Athletic Conference (G-MAC) standings. attendance at games has increased each biggest game on the calendar,” said Leavy.
but lost 0-2 against Lake Erie on Oct. 11. Keogh and Reinhard are currently neck
September included a 1-0 victory at Ohio and neck for the most goals scored on
Valley University. At the time, Ohio Valley the team. Keogh currently has eight and
was ranked second in the nation. Reinhard has seven. Neither admitted to
The Trojans then dropped two games; there being a competition between them
one 1-4 at Ohio Dominican University and “I’m always going to be looking to score
then 1-3 at home to Ohio Valley University. every game. As long as I’m one ahead of
Fatigue contributed to those losses after him all season and we’re winning, then I’m
having been on the road for five of the happy,” Keogh said.
team’s last six games. Keogh said he has a goal written on the
Despite the travel load in September, note pad of his phone to score in every
the team took the opportunity to rack up 12 game.
points while playing away from home. Last Armando Molina, currently in his Photo provided by Trevecca Athletics.
2018 | October | TrevEchoes

Baseball transfer brings sizable following

Dalton Mauldin was new to campus this fall, but a
few students recognized him immediately.
The transfer baseball player and singer has more
than 68,000 Instagram followers, 71,000 Twitter follow-
ers and averages 44,000 monthly listeners on Spotify.
Mauldin, a transfer from Bethune-Cookman Uni-
versity in Daytona Beach, Florida started his social
media fame on Vine, posting six second videos of him
“The first singing video I ever posted on there, [it]
just kept being re-vined,” said Mauldin, an exercise sci-
ence major.
Mauldin stays busy between interacting with fans,
playing baseball and studying. He said he keeps all of
his social media notification turned off, but he is still
recognized by fans.
“[Getting stopped by fans] happens kind of often.
When I first came here, a few people recognized me and
I took pictures with them,” Mauldin said.
Tana Whited, senior softball player, knew of Maul-
din before he transferred to Trevecca.
“I started following him around May. I guess I just
scrolled across him on Twitter and saw him singing cov-
ers, so I started following him,” Whited said. “Once he
released his single I downloaded it and listened to it a
Whited was surprised when she heard Mauldin was
coming to Trevecca.
“I was like, ‘No way this famous kid is coming here.’
Once I met him I realized he was super nice and nothing
like what you would expect. He is one of the sweetest
guys and super fun, cool dude,” Whited said.
Ryan Schamlz, head men’s baseball coach, is happy
to have the in fielder on the team.
“Dalton is a great kid. His recruiting process was
very unique. He was playing baseball this summer in
Wyoming. His coach, Jason Hamrick who’s a Trevecca
alum calls me and says, “I have a player who wants to
The cover of Mauldin’s latest single, nights without you. Photo provided by Mauldin.
come to Trevecca”. He told me about Dalton, who he
was, he couldn’t praise him enough, said Schamlz.
Mauldin said the incident was a coincidence, be-
cause he was looking into transferring to a Christian “I started playing my junior year of high school go- said. “I always sang when I was little, I didn’t really start
University. ing into my senior year. It started as a hobby, one of my developing a passion for it until a couple years ago.”
“This summer I was playing baseball in Wyoming buddies gave me one of his guitars because I told him I On the field Dalton is waiting to hear back from the
and one of our coaches, he was there volunteering, told wanted to start playing” said Mauldin. “Once I started NCAA to determine his classification.
me he was an alumnus and I was actually looking into to have a few videos go viral and getting pretty good, I “He has a pending medical red shirt, most likely
Coach Schmalz at that time, it was funny how it worked was like, ‘Maybe I could do this.’ And being in Nashville he’ll have a year after this, but there is a chance that this
out,” said Mauldin. was a must.” could be his last year,” said Schamlz.
Schmalz said Mauldin is grateful to be here, and He has big dreams, with music taking the center Mauldin is thankful for his team’s support for both
balances baseball and his fans well. stage. his game and his singing.
“He’s really appreciative to be here. After every sin- “One of my goals is to finish my education for “Their support really helps a lot, telling me ‘You
gle practice this year he has come up to me and said sure. I would like to play [baseball] for as long as I can, need to cover this song,’ or ‘When are you going to re-
‘Hey coach, thank you,’” said Schamlz. “People all over but playing music would be my ultimate goal,” Maul- lease another song? We want to hear it,’” Mauldin said.
the place know about him and want to take their pic- din said. “Hopefully within five years from now I’ll be “Coach Schmalz has some friends in the music business.
ture. He is so gracious and handles that exceptionally signed with a label, doing tours and all that good stuff.” He’s been trying to help me out and put me in contact
well.” Mauldin said it is hard to say whether he likes base- with some of those guys.”
Mauldin had a goal to make it to Music City, espe- ball or singing more.
cially after his social media success. “I really can’t answer that, I don’t know. I’ve played
baseball since I was four, so it’s my first love,” Mauldin

Pumpkin Everything: 1901 to host fall themed event
BY ALEXIS GARCIA and extroverted people to come together and get to or Logan Rogers ( for more in-
STAFF WRITER know each other. The event is not only to meet others, formation or to RSVP.
On Oct 25th, Logan Rogers, 1901 manager and Josh- it’s also designed to alleviate stress because it is the mid-
ua Connerty, a sophomore religion major, are hosting dle of the semester.
Pumpkin Carving and Pumpkin Spiced Lattes (PSLs)— “I think this event would be beneficial to students
a social event for students to relax, drink lattes and because it will be a creative and enjoyable outlet to re-
carve a pumpkin. lieve some stress, while also giving a nice fall themed
“It seems like fall is the time of year when every- break from schoolwork and hang out with some really
body wants to get together and do things that are tradi- cool people,” said Wesley Cheatwood, a junior worship
tional to fall. People are very seasonal, and I don’t think arts major and 1901 student worker.
we’ve ever done pumpkin carving before,” said Rogers. The reason Rogers wants to have more events likes
“We just thought it would be fun to do it.” this is because he has a goal of connecting to the com-
Although the event will not be as big because of the munity. He also said he is open to new ideas and would
location, Rogers and Connerty think some students will like students to send him their input on how he can
come because they want the coffee shop to be more than make 1901 open to all.
just a coffee shop. “Eventually, I would love to see people sending
“I’m excited to see friends come together, meet emails saying it will be a cool idea to work with you to
some new people, share some laughs, make some sweet plan this event,” said Rogers. “I think it will be really
memories and enjoy this moment with one another,” cool if this was the long-term vision.”
said Connerty. “At 1901, we care for our campus and If students want to participate in the Pumpkin Carv-
this event is the perfect opportunity for us to foster that ing and PSLs event, they can RSVP and pay $5.00 for a
sense of community together.” pumpkin spice latte, a pumpkin and tools to carve the
Rogers wants to create a place where introverted pumpkin. Students can contact
1901’s Pumpkin Spice Latte. Photo provided by 1901’s Instagram.