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Application Areas of DSP

Ronald M. Pascual, Ph.D.

Some Advantages of Digital Signal


Processing technology over Analog:

Š Allows for more compact or smaller device


sizes
Š Lesser noise and signal distortion
Š More accurate design; Allows more
mathematical signal implementation and
analysis
l i
Š Flexibility; Ease of reprogramming and
replication
Š Provision of cheaper design and implementation

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Key Application Areas of DSP

Š Audio/Speech Processing
Š Image Processing
Š Communications / Telephony
Š Military
Š Biomedical signal analysis
Š Data Compression
Š Financial data analysis
Š Other scientific applications

Telecommunications

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Telecommunications

Telecommunications

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High Fidelity Audio

Noise Reduction in Audio


Signals

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Echo Generation

Speech Synthesis

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Speech Recognition

Spectrogram or Voice Print

Speech Recognition

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Speech Technology for Children /


Computer-Assisted Learning Systems

Brightness and Contrast Adjustment

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Image Enhancement

Grayscale Stretch and Histogram Equalization

Application Examples: Image


Processing
Grayscale Stretch and Histogram Equalization

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Image Enhancement
Image noise reduction by filtering

Image
Warping

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Image Pattern Recognition


Edge Enhancement and Detection

Image Pattern Recognition


Morphological Operations

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Biometrics (Image Pattern Recognition)


Morphological Operations: ‘skeletonization’

Hand Gesture Recognition

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Biomedical Signal Processing

Biomedical Imaging
Computed Tomography

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Robotic Vision

Data Compression

DCT Basis Functions

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RADAR / SONAR
signal processing

Audio Processing Applications


Summary
Š Audio signal
g acquisition,
q , manipulation
p and analysis
y
Š Fast Fourier Transform (FFT)-Based Time-
Frequency Analysis
Š Signal Compression and Expansion (Companding)
Š Data Compression (Ex. MP3)
Š Noise reduction / Echo cancellation
Š Digital audio filtering / Equalization
Š Nonlinear audio processing (Ex. Homomorphic
Transform)
Š Speech Pattern Recognition / Voice Verification /
Speech Synthesis / Speech Coding

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Image Processing Applications


Summary
Š Image filtering and enhancement
„ Visual image
g restoration and filteringg
„ Biomedical image processing (x-ray and CT images)
„ Spectrogram
Š Spatial transformations
„ 2-D FFT
„ Grayscale stretch / Histogram Equalization
„ Image warping
Š Morphological Operations (Ex. Erosion, Dilation)
Š Image and Video Compression (Ex. JPEG, MPEG)
Š Image Pattern Recognition (Ex. Fingerprint,
Gesture, Retina Pattern, Objects and Text
Characters)

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