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Naked Archaeologist Transcript History International One of the most unusual passages in the Bible comes from the first verses of chapter one from the book of Ezekiel. It tells of how Ezekiel had a psychedelic vision of God flying through the night sky in a chariot that s driven by 4 winged creatures and on the head of each of those creatures, he sees four faces. That of a man, a lion, an ox and an ????????. But where did this heavenly vision come from? Was Ezekiel on drugs or was he just plain crazy? Or could it be that his imagery holds a hidden code that speaks of some ancient wisdom of the skies? And if so, what archeaology s out there can tell us what Ezekiel s vision is all about? Ezekiel transcribed his vision back in 586 BCE when he along with thousands of Jews were exiled to Babylon by the Babylonian warlord Nebuchadnezzar and for the past 2500 years that vision has perplexed both scholars and theologians alike. But astrologers have always claimed to understand it s message as a representation of the zodiac. In fact, Yaron Livne is an Israeli astrologer who believes that the Bible is full of astrological codes. I always think of astrology, and this is my own prejudice, as something pagan, non-biblical. How do these two traditions, the astrological tradition and the biblical tradition, how do they fit or not fit? Livne: If we ll go backwards a little bit, the people of Israel came out of Egypt from the pyramids, from the sphinx which are a very big, huge, structure of astrology. The Egyptians understood astrology very deep. I think that Moses took out astrology knowledge from the pyramids. It s the beginning of astrology, you know astrology is everywhere, you just have to know to read and to look. In Judaism, you see we have the 12 tribes, like the 12 apostles of Jesus Simca: Hang on a sec, did you just say the twelve tribes are astrological? Livne: It s symbol. It s, astrology has symbols, it is hidden inside Simca: Let me see if I understand, what you re saying is that the Bible, the book of Exodus for example, has astrology built, encoded in it. Livne: Encoded in it, and more deep than you think because when you look at Ezekiel Simca: The chariots Livne: The chariot, when he describes the face of the eagle, the face of the scorpion, to the other one the face of the Taurus and the face of the lion, he s talking Simca: Astrology. Livne: Astrology. He s talking about the fixed signs, Leo, Scorpion, Taurus and Aquarius. This is astrology. If you re an astrologer you understand exactly at what he s looking and what he s talking about. Simca Narrating: According to Livne, those four faces in Ezekiel vision correspond to the four fixed symbols of the zodiac. But I have to admit, I m not entirely convinced. Besides, I always thought that astrology and the Bible were like a bacon and a double cheeseburger with a tall glass of milk they just
It s important to remember that in ancient times. Recently. But I m still confused. because you re not supposed to have graven images. So far. At the Bible Lands Museum in Jerusalem. Simcha: (Inside the museum. that s a big no-no as far as Judaism and synagogues are concerned. it s an amazing thing. it s very unusual. but for a synagogue. People who believe in God. right on the mosaic. I ve had an astrologer tell me that those creatures represent the four fixed signs of the zodiac and my trip to the Bet Alfa Synagogue revealed that a mosaic shows that astrology and Judaism definitely mixed it up.) Here is the entrance to the synagogue.weren t a kosher combination. the Lion.) So these are 2900 yrs old. four-headed creatures flying with the chariot of God. Some believe it might contain a secretly coded star chart. In 1929 Israeli farmers. Not only that it seemed to match Ezekiel s vision of winged creatures. members of a kabutz. The Bet Alfa Synaogue wasn t built until 800 years after Ezekiel had his vision. the ram. The mosaic there is clearly influenced by Hellinism. looking at carvings that are kept behind glass boxes mounted to the walls. people. archaeologists have uncovered a 2900 year old ivory carving that strangely matches Ezekiel s vision. there s an amazing piece of archaeology that may just prove that astrology and the bible did mix. a world view that dominated the first centuries of the common era when the Greeks became world leaders in both astronomy and astrology. and it s facing Jerusalem. Now look at this. that s where the Holy of Holies was. there s an ancient ivory carving that might have served astrology and astronomy. Now. animals. back in the first centuries of the common era. But what could the ancients have known about the stars back in Ezekiel s time? Maybe more than you think.) Now. (Now standing at the archaeological site of that synagogue. were digging at the base of the biblical Mt. Why? Because at it s center you have astrological signs. Gabora and they found an ancient synagogue in the year of the 5th century. but even rarer is a mosaic that they found there and even rarer they found astrological symbols in the mosaic. it s not so unusual of the Byzantine period. I m looking for clues that might explain Ezekiel s psychedelic vision of four-winged. (Camera shows depictions of the lady associated with Libra. didn t have anything to do with the zodiac. the Greek ??? period. communal farmers. and you have pillars on both sides and you have benches on both sides. astronomy and astrology were essentially the same thing. And you didn t study the movement of the stars to explain the universe only. Piecies fish. that s where the people stood. the scorpion. but it may contain a hidden star map. that s where the Torah would be. correct? Museum worker: Yes Simcha: And these are Cherubs? . and that was pretty rare. or did they? As it turns out. You studied the movement of the stars to explain what was going to happen right here on earth. etc. inside a synagogue.
people all over the world started building their own monuments to the sun and the stars. because by tracking the moon and the stars. they were able to keep track of time. there s a circle. complex society. 3. people didn t have watches or blackberries to organize their schedules. which makes sense.Museum Worker: Yes Simcha: And they came from a throne? Museum Worker: Yes Simcha: Is that correct? Museum Worker: Yes Simcha: And you restored it? Museum Worker: Yes.000 BC. there s a circle. Stonehedge is one of the most famous examples. there s a circle.000 no five! Mizrachi: Actually 5. The great pyramids still stand as a testament to those beliefs. I filled in with (her phone begins to ring interrupting her. See. so they looked to the skies to monitor the passing of the months and seasons. so I had to put them in solubles to refresh them. And his theory is embedded in these ivories of these cherubs is really a sky chart of how the northern sky would have looked like 2900 years ago from Damascus. But the middle east has it s own version of Stonehedge. Simcha Narrating: The carving tells me that the ancients knew a lot more about the skies than I originally imagined. the man who excavated this puzzling site back in the early 1980 s. you re being very kind. and what was missing. she answers then returns her focus to the conversation) Simcha: Now. to see every detail. Simcha Narrating: By identifying all of the circular shapes in the carving and and finding their centers. 4. Simcha: We re talking about a site that s 3500 years old.000 years old. Back then. Now this was the highest point . you know there s this man by the name of Peter Olive who has a theory. Maybe he can tell me about the people who built this site and what they would have known about charting the stars. But more than 1500 years before the Egyptians set their first block of stone. early bronze age. they were dried out. no more. Simcha: When did you restore it? Museum Worker: They were in a very bad shape. an engineer by the name of Peter Olive discovered that the resulting configuration very closely matches the position of the stars in the ancient Damascus sky. urban population. (video shows that configuration) Simcha: I have to tell you it s moving to be so close to an object that s 2900 years old. We will go up to the top of the site and look around. anyway. The Egyptians took it one step further and worshipped the sun as if it were a God. I restored it. I m going there to meet up with Yoni Mizrachi.
Mizrachi: One of the mysteries is why would anyone bother to do such a huge effort to bring thousands of tons of stones and to build such a perfect geometry and symmetry to a site? The question of function became extremely important very early on since the site was discovered and there were tons of hypothesis. The problem is that you don t get the sense of the symmetry and the geometry from a ground level. This is exact east.000 tons of volcanic field stone.000 years ago.000 BC. no. the site is comprised of 3 concentric rings made out of more than 50. Simcha: So. Mizrachi: So what we had to do was find the geometric center of the site. that too.000 years ago on the date of the spring equinox.Simcha: This is great! Actually standing here it s so clear. exactly. Simcha: That notch is perfectly east? Simcha Narrating: The archaeologists knew that the east facing notched rock was significant. there goes that theory. absolutely. Simcha: Let s deal with the astronomy. Simcha: Aliens from outer space? Mizrachi: Oh yeah. Simcha narrating: Seen from above. Simcha: And when you did that was there a wow moment? Mizrachi: Yes. and take all the measurements from there first to calculate where the sun and where the south were around 3. Mizrachi: Yes. there was a wow moment. . you must go up. How did you figure it out and what did you figure out? Mizrachi: When the archaeologists first found this site. They had a hunch that it would line up with the equinox. A notch in there. the sun would arise exactly between those two stones. If you stand at the geometrical center of the site 5. Simcha: Did you find any remnants of a flying saucer? Mizrachi: Ah. they are. Mizrachi: Yeah. It didn t. can you see them? Simcha: I think I see them. But the sun would have had a different path 5. Those two that kind of form a V ? Mizrachi: Yes. the concentric circles are so clear. they saw all these radial walls but much more importantly they saw two huge rocks which are exactly due east that are.
That idea is leading me to something even bigger. not six days. is this a giant sundial? Mizrachi: Yes. it s not a six-day creation. but according to that theory. But if the ancients were so good at using the heavenly bodies to track time. The discovery of the Big Bang is the best news for God since Moses came down from Sinai nothing can match it. you can do two things. we re talking eons . It started off with a big bang. But. Simcha: Now let s talk about the Big Bang. it s a billions of years we re not talking days. Most people think there s a basic conflict between the origins of the universe and modern science. One is that you can track edicts can go out that say plow you know gather whatever. the second thing is that you can set the calendar ritually. So I m on my way to Gerry Schroeder. if you re a priest. not in six days. It s a giant marking of celestial events basically. but over the course of billions of years. you get the sense. You can have celebrations. Gerald Schroeder: I should put it this way. including our own planet in only six days. He s an astrophysicist who believes that modern science and the book of Genesis don t contradict each other. in simple words. In the bible God says. it took billions of years to create the universe. But recently a theory has emerged that the universe did have a beginning. And if you follow this calendar. as they did throughout the near-east. My quest to uncover the meaning of Ezekiel s vision has shown me that the Bible is full of astrological and astronomical information encoded within it s text. Simcha narrating: ????? somethingMahiri????? s an amazing site. Yeah but. the biblical explanation of how the universe was created. And I found an astrophysicist who believes he can explain why. that beginning. then what did they think of the biblical concept of creation? How could they possibly believe that the entire universe and everything in our planet was created in just six days like it says in the bible? Wouldn t Genesis sound like some elaborate children s story? Today. scientists believe that the universe was formed. not only because of the massive effort it took to organize all those stones into concentric circles. This is extremely important. it turns out that modern science and the bible may both be right. Maybe they even understood Ezekiel s vision as an astrological ??????. and wham! There is light. Simcha: So. Let there be light.Simcha: So. This is the time when all of the animals give birth. Simcha: Most people say. but because it tells me that the ancients of the near east really were well acquainted with the movement of the stars. days of atonement Mizrachi: Exactly. standing in the center looking out. what s actually be going to happen. Throughout history science has insisted that the universe is eternal and that the bible s explanation is nothing more than myth. God then creates the entire universe. you know what s going to be. I can t help but wonder if there s a hidden code in that text as well. It was the creation to the world! The Big Bang says there s a creation.
000. almost like rubber. when seen at a distance. It goes like this: Physicists around the world agree that the Big Bang created our universe and as it expanded. But it is so complicated.015. We know the ratio of this dilation of time.000. First the creation in the universe we solved that problem.Gerald Schroeder: Alright. He took the 15 billion years that science estimates to be the age of the universe and divided it by the stretching factor. it also distorts time. that we had to get our crack team of writers and editors to cut it down to it s bare essentials. and billions of years from this perception. from the beginning looking forward. Simcha: Do you think the ancients somehow intuitively understood that when they looked up at the heavens? . Simcha: And the first day until man is created. it s not gravity and it s not velocity. it just happens to equal six days.Those six days of Genesis Simcha: -. As space stretches. Provided you take the view from the beginning looking forward. so there s two problems here. 15. it stretched by a factor of a trillion.000 ÷ 1. Simcha narrating: Professor Schroeder came up with an extremely complex theory that can explain the creation of the universe in six days. and we know that number.000. that s why from earth the universe appears to be approximately 15 billions years old. the universe has to advance from a burst of energy to the existence that we know of modern man. it would appear much. it s the stretching of space. So is it billions of years or is it numbers of days? From the creation of the universe to the creation of the soul of Adam on day six. so you re saying there s the Bible s clock Gerald Schroeder: -.The Bible s clock Simcha: Ok. Gerry Schroeder has come up with a formula that he believes reflects the age of the universe from the perspective of the origin of the Big Bang.000.015 Gerald Schroeder: Converting to days. is it kind of Gerald Schroeder: Perception of time. But.000. I get it alright. The original space stretches. He came up with the number . The fact is. From this moment when matter forms until today or at or any time you want in the modern world.000 = . much younger. those six 24 hour days do indeed contain all the ages that billions of years Simcha: So you re saying that God s clock Gerald Schroeder: -.And there s kind of human. if you were to observe the universe from it s point of origin. All I need to know is how time delation would work. and that effects the perception of time. the universe is six days old from this perception. the human clock Gerald Schroeder: Yes.
There wasn t this tremendous separation that we have today. As for Ezekiel s strange vision. but what from I ve learned. it obviously has deep roots from astrology and astronomy. Simcha narrating: Ezekiel s prophecy may have been drawn on knowledge that we are only now discovering. It sounds strange. we may never know exactly what it really means. It s introduced me to a whole new layer of meaning that is embedded in the biblical text. but we have a cosmic memory. sciences current understanding of the cosmos. A layer of meaning that tells me that there may be knowledge in the bible that is ahead. and there s time from our own somewhat shrunken point of view. Mainly. being closer to nature. and the ancients. There s creation from the biblical perspective. that time is pliable and that understanding it is a matter of perspective. . could in fact look at the stars and feel it they saw that they were part of this big system. not behind.Gerald Schroeder: I think we all understand it.
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