www.spiralmfg.

com
11419 Yellowpine Street N.W. • Minneapolis, MN 55448-3158
Phone: 763-755-7677 • 800-426-3643 • Fax: 763-755-6184
39
Why you need a dust collection system
Installing an efficient dust collection system
should be a priority for the small shop as well
as the large shop, whether the material being
machined is wood, plastic, or a composite. Not
only is this essential for health reasons and
compliance with many national and local codes,
but it is also good business because it saves
money and helps to maintain the quality of the
finished product.
The harmful health effects of inhaled
particulates (many of which are carcinogens)
are well documented, and skin, eye, and
nose problems as well as allergic reactions
are frequently reported. In addition, a dusty
shop increases the risk of worker injury and
fire, which can result in lost production, higher
insurance rates, and lawsuits.
A dusty shop compromises the quality of the
finished product: Accurate measurements and
cuts are more difficult due to lack of visibility;
airborne dust finds its way into finishing areas
causing defects in the final product; and larger
particles cling to surfaces cause scoring and
other defects.
Finally, dust that is not automatically collected
must be collected manually as a recurring direct
labor expense.
By any measure, an efficient dust collection
system is an investment that more than pays for
itself.
Designing a dust collection system
In the simplest terms, a dust collection system
is comprised of a ducting system to transport
the dust from the source (table saw, planer,
etc.) and a collection device (such as a bag and
filter system or a cyclone), which pulls the dust
through the ducting and collects it. The very
first decision you must make is whether your
ducting will be metal or plastic—and here there
is only one logical choice: metal. (See “Metal
vs. Plastic Duct” below.) The next step is to size
your system. (See “Designing Your System” on
pages 41-44.)
Metal vs. Plastic Duct
Plastic pipe (or PVC pipe) is unsuitable for
dust collection for three reasons:
• First, plastic pipe fittings are not offered
in the diversity required to meet design
requirements.
• Second, plastic pipe elbows have a
short radius, which encourages clogs and
compromises system efficiency.
• Third, and most important, plastic pipe
is non-conductive and builds up a static
charge as charged particles pass through
it. This static charge can discharge at any
time causing shock and surprise, which
is dangerous around running machinery.
More serious is the risk of explosion and
fire. Fine dust particles suspended in air
have significant explosion potential—all
that is needed is a spark, which the static
charge on plastic pipe conveniently supplies.
Grounding plastic pipe requires wrapping it
in wire both inside and out—an expensive
(and never certain) proposition that negates
the minimal price savings in going to plastic
in the first place.
Spiral steel pipe has none of these
disadvantages. An incredible variety of
fittings are available and custom fittings
can be easily fabricated. The fittings are
designed with long radius to minimize
clogging, and special fittings such as clean-
outs and quick disconnects are available.
Most important, Spiral metal pipe is
conductive, and simple and easy to ground,
even when flexible rubber hose is used to
connect the duct to the machine.
Dust Collection
The importance of dust collection & choos-
ing the right type of duct for dust collection
40
Standard dust collection components
& accessories
Dust Collection
Spiral Manufacturing has all the duct components you need to design
and build a safe and efficient dust collection system
Laterals (Pages 12-14)
Reducers (Page 15)
Elbows (Pages 5-6)
Blast Gates (Pages 31-32) Clean-outs (Page 30) Floor Sweeps (Page 17)
Clear Flex Hose (Page 33) Manifolds (Page 14) Custom Hoods (Page19)
Clamps (Page 34) Bellmouth (Page 17) Duct Sealants (Page 27)
www.spiralmfg.com
11419 Yellowpine Street N.W. • Minneapolis, MN 55448-3158
Phone: 763-755-7677 • 800-426-3643 • Fax: 763-755-6184
41
How to design an efficient dust collection
system with Spiral pipe.
Table 41-1: Velocity for Type of Dust
Type of Dust
Velocity
in Branches
(FPM)
Velocity
in Main
(FPM)
Metalworking Dust 5000 4500
Woodworking Dust 4500 4000
Plastic/Other
Light Dust
4500 4000
Table 41-2: CFM for for pipe diameter at specified velocity
Diameter 3500 FPM 4000 FPM 4500 FPM
3” 277 316 356
4” 305 348 392
5” 477 546 614
6” 686 784 882
7” 935 1068 1202
8” 1222 1396 1570
9” 1546 1767 1988
10” 1909 2182 2455
12” 2749 3142 3534
14” 3742 4276 4810
Designing Your System
There are two phases to designing your dust collection system:
The first phase is sizing your duct work for adequate volume and
velocity of flow for the type of dust you will be creating; and the
second phase is computing the static pressure (SP) of your system
to determine the size and power of your dust collection unit.
Prior to making your calculations, diagram the floor plan of your
shop to scale on graph paper. Include the size and location of each
machine, and the location of its dust port or outlet; the floor to joist
dimension; the location of the dust collecting unit; and the most
efficient (fewest number of turns or bends) path for routing your
duct lines. This is also a good time to start your take-off list of duct
components for your system.
You will also need to familiarize yourself with the following
concepts:
CFM (Cubic Feet per Minute) is the volume of air moved per minute.
FPM (Feet per Minute) is the velocity of the airstream.
SP (Static Pressure) is defined as the pressure in the duct that tends
to burst or collapse the duct and is expressed in inches of water
gage (˝wg).
VP (Velocity Pressure), expressed in inches of water gage (˝wg), is
the pressure in the direction of flow required to move air at rest to
a given velocity.
CFM is related to FPM by the formula CFM = FPM x cross-sectional
area (ft
2
). FPM is important because a minimum FPM is required
to keep particles entrained in the air stream. Below this minmum
FPM, particles will begin to settle out of the air stream, forming
clogs—especially in vertical runs. Table 41-1 shows the minimum
FPM that Spiral Manufacturing recommends for several types of
dust in branch and main runs.
Step 1
From the Table 41-1 determine the velocity (FPM) of your system
for the type of dust that will be produced. For the purpose of
the following examples assume woodworking dust. Wood dust
requires 4500 FPM in branches and 4000 FPM in mains.
Step 2
Determine the diameter of each branch line. You can use the
diameter of a factory installed collar or port, or consult the
manufacturer. Convert metric ports to the nearest inch. Convert
rectangular ports to the equivalent round diameter. Ports less than
3” will require a reducer to 4”. Record any reducers or rectangular
to round transitions on your take off list.
Step 3
Using Table 41-2, determine the CFM requirement of each branch.
Remember the FPM for wood dust in branch lines is 4500.
Example: Table saw 4” dia. 390 CFM (rounded)
Planer 5” dia. 610 CFM (rounded)
Lathe 6” dia. 880 CFM (rounded)
Continue for all branches.
Step 4
Identify your primary or high-use machines. These are the machines
that operate simultaneously on a frequent basis. The objective here
is to define your heaviest use scenario so you can size your system
to meet it. Including infrequently used machines and floor pick-
ups in your calculations will only result in an over-designed system
that will cost more to purchase and to operate. At this point, all of
your branch lines are sized, and you have a list of all components
required for your branch lines.
Step 5
Now you are ready to size the main trunk line. Begin with the
primary machine that is furthest from where you will place the dust
Table Saw
(Primary)
Radial Arm Saw
Dust
Collector
Sander
Floor Pick-Up
Floor Pick-Up
Planer
(Primary)
90° Elbow
12‘ 15‘ 8‘
45° Elbow
45° Reducing Lateral
45° Standard Lateral
Lathe
(Primary)
6‘
6‘
10‘
5˝Ø
4˝Ø
7˝Ø 10˝Ø 10˝Ø
Dust Collection
Figure 41-1
For larger diameters see pages 59-60.
42
How to design an efficient dust collection
system with spiral pipe.
Dust Collection
collecting unit. In our example, this is the table saw, which has a
branch diameter of 4”. Run this 4˝ Spiral pipe to the point where
the second primary machine (the planer on a 5˝ branch) will enter
the main. (Note: If a non-primary machine or pick-up is added to
the system between primary machines, the size of the run is not
increased.)
You now have a 390 CFM line (table saw) and a 610 CFM line
(planer) combining for a total of 1000 CFM. Using Table 41-2
again, you will see that for 4000 FPM (the velocity requirement for
main line that you determined in Step 1) the required pipe diameter
falls between 6” and 7”. (Note: Spiral Manufacturung recommends
that you round up to 7”. This not only assures adequate air flow
but also anticipates a future upgrade in machine size.)
Now calculate for the addition of the third primary machine (the
lathe on a 6˝ branch). You have an 1000 CFM main + an 880 CFM
branch line (for the lathe) for a total of 1880 CFM. Using Table
41-2 once again, 1880 CFM at 4000 FPM requires between a 9”
and 10” pipe. We recommed rounding up to a 10” main after
the addition of the lathe. The main going to your dust collecting
unit will be 10”, and your dust collection unit must be capable of
pulling 1880 CFM through a 10” duct at 4000 FPM.
Step 6
In this step, you calculate the Static Pressure (SP) or the
resistance of your system that your dust collection unit must
overcome. Static Pressure is measured in inches of water gage
(˝wg). To do this you total the Static Pressures of the following
system component groups:
1) The branch line with the greatest SP or resistance (see Figure
42-1). Calculate the SP of all branchs to determine which has the
greatest SP. Only the branch with the greatest SP or resistance is
added to the total.
2) The SP of the main run (see Figure 42-2).
3) The SP for the collection unit’s filter, if any, and for the pre-
separator, if any (see Figure 42-3).
(You can use the charts on pages 51-60 to assist in your
calculations.)
1) Calculate the SP of the branch with the greatest SP:
(4 feet of flex hose and one 90° elbow not shown)
Starting at the machine and working toward the main,
determine the SP of each branch line component, and then
total them. In our example, the branch with the greatest loss is
the table saw branch, and it calculates out as follows using an
FPM of 4500 for branch lines:
SP (˝wg)
Entry loss at machine adaptor collar is 1.5 SP
(a constant) = 1.5
Four feet of 4˝ flex-hose*:
Chart 57-1 shows 4˝ flex-hose (at 390 CFM) =
.8 SP ÷ 100 x 4 x 27.7 = .886 SP (˝wg) = 0.886
Three 4˝ 90° elbows:
Chart 51-1 shows one elbow = .28 SP loss (˝wg) x 3 = 0.84
Three branch runs of 4˝ pipe (6+6+10) = 22’:
Table 55-2 shows 8.8 ÷ 100 x 22’ = 1.94
Total SP loss (˝wg) for the table saw branch equals: 5.17
Summing the SP loss for the system, we have:
1) Highest loss branch: 5.17
2) Loss for main: .90
3) Filter loss: 1.50
Total SP loss (˝wg) loss in the system): 7.57
You now have the information you need to specify your dust col-
lector. Your dust collection unit must provide a mimimum of
1880 CFM through a 10” duct at 4000 FPM, and have a static
pressure capability of no less than 7.57 (˝wg).
Additional Considerations and Recommendations:
The above example is for a small system with few variables. It
is recommended that for larger systems a professional engineer
be consulted to assure that the system is properly designed and
sized.
If the dust collector is located in a seperate enclosure, it is
essential to provide a source of make-up air to the shop to
prevent a down draft through the flue of the heating system.
If this is not done, carbon monoxide poisoning could result. If a
return duct is necessary from the dust collector, it should be sized
two inches larger than the main duct entrance and its SP loss
added into your calcualtions.
Some dust collection units may not include fan curve information
that shows CFM or Static Pressure variables. We do not recom-
mend procuring collector equipment without this information.
Blast gates should be installed on all branch lines to maintain
system balance.
Dust suspended in air has a potential for explosion, so it is recom-
mended that you ground all of your duct runs, including flex-hose.
If your system has areas where long slivers of material could pos-
sibly hang-up and cause a clog, install a clean-out near that area.
Many types of dust, including many woods are toxic, so take
special care to choose a filtering system that will provide optimal
safety.
* Flex-hose should be wire wrapped helix hose to permit grounding. See photo on page 33.
Figure 42-1
2) Calculate the SP of the main:
In our example the main has one 8’ run of 7” Spiral pipe, two
runs (15’ and 12’) of 10” Spiral pipe connecting the main to
the dust collector. In addition, there are 5 lateral reducers in
the main. Our calculations for 4000 FPM in the main are as
follows:
SP (˝wg)
Eight feet of 7˝ Spiral pipe:
Table 55-2 shows 3.55 ÷ 100 x 8 = 0.28
Twenty-seven feet (15 + 12) of 10˝ pipe:
Table 55-2 shows 2.30 ÷ 100 x 27 = 0.62
Total SP loss (˝wg) for the main run: .90
3) Calculate the SP for the collection units filter and
seperator:
For these calculations, consult with the manufacturer of the
collection units you are considering. For this example, we will
assume that there is no pre-separator an that the SP for the
filter is 1.5.
Total SP for filter: 1.50
Figure 42-2
Figure 42-3
www.spiralmfg.com
11419 Yellowpine Street N.W. • Minneapolis, MN 55448-3158
Phone: 763-755-7677 • 800-426-3643 • Fax: 763-755-6184
43
Jo|nter
CFM
Up to 6''
7'' to 8''
8'' to 18''
390
610
880
D|a.
4''
5''
6''
CFM
Up to 12''
13'' to 24''
25'' to 36''
37'' to 48''
880
1570
1985
2450
D|a.
6''
8''
9''
10''
Hor|zonta| Be|t Sander
Up to 6''
7'' to 9''
10'' to 14''
Over 14''
CFM
880
1200
1985
2450
CFM
610
880
1200
1200
D|a.
6''
7''
9''
10''
D|a.
5''
6''
7''
7''
CFM
Up to 10''
12'' to 14''
16'' to 20''
24'' to 30''
variety Saws with
Dado Heads
390
610
880
1570
1200
D|a.
4''
5''
6''
8''
7''
Turn|ng Lathes
C|rcu|ar Saw
Recommended velocity 4,200 to 5,000 F.P.M.
Recommended velocity 4,200 to 5,000 F.P.M.
Recommended velocity 4,200 to 5,000 F.P.M.
Recommended velocity 4,200 to 5,000 F.P.M.
Kn|fe W|dth
(|n.j
Exhaust Vo|umes and P|pe
D|ameters at 4500 ft. Ve|oc|ty
Exhaust Vo|umes and P|pe
D|ameters at 4500 ft. Ve|oc|ty
Exhaust Vo|umes and P|pe
D|ameters at 4500 ft. Ve|oc|ty
Exhaust Vo|umes and P|pe
D|ameters at 4500 ft. Ve|oc|ty
B|ade
D|a. (|n.j
Be|t W|dth
(|n.j
Turn|ng Length
(|n.j
Gang R|p Saws
Up to 24'' incl.
25'' to 36 incl.
36'' to 48'' incl.
Over 48'' incl.
CFM
610
880
1200
1570
CFM
390
610
610
880
D|a.
5''
6''
7''
8''
D|a.
4''
5''
5''
6''
D|sc Sander
CFM
Up to 12''
13'' to 18''
19'' to 32''
33'' to 38''
39'' to 48''
390
610
880
1200
1570
D|a.
4''
5''
6''
7''
8''
F|oor Sweep
CFM
5''
6''
7''
610
880
1200
D|a.
5''
6''
7''
Floor Sweeps are not added to the total load of the
exhauster as they are in operation only a few minutes at a
time.
(Mouth of floor sweep 10'' x 4'' to 12'' x 4" approx.)
S|ng|e Surfacer
CFM D|a.
390
610
880
1570
1985
2450
Up to 6'' wide
7'' to 12'' wide
13''to 20''wide
21'' to 26'' wide
27''to 36''wide
Over 36'' wide
4''
5''
6''
8''
9''
10''
Recommended velocity 4,200 to 5,000 F.P.M.
Recommended velocity 4,200 to 5,000 F.P.M.
Recommended velocity 4,200 to 5,000 F.P.M.
Recommended velocity 4,200 to 5,000 F.P.M.
Tota| B|ade
D|a. (|n.j
D|sc
D|a. (|n.j
Kn|fe W|dth
(|n.j
S|ze
Exhaust Vo|umes and P|pe
D|ameters at 4500 ft. Ve|oc|ty
Exhaust Vo|umes and P|pe
D|ameters at 4500 ft. Ve|oc|ty
Exhaust Vo|umes and P|pe
D|ameters at 4500 ft. Ve|oc|ty
Exhaust Vo|umes and P|pe
D|ameters at 4500 ft. Ve|oc|ty
Dust Collection
This list of recommended exhaust volumes and pipe
sizes for average sized metal working and woodworking
machines is based on many years of experience and the
work of many people. Some modern high speed or extra
large machines will require higher velocities than shown.
Smaller machines may use less air than shown. The air vol-
ume required to capture the dust at the machine will vary
with each operation. Particle size and hood type must be
considered. The following charts will provide an excellent
guide to determine your total air volume requirements.
Caution: One of the most important factors in an efficient
dust collection system is proper hood design. Hoods must
be designed so that the dispersed particles are thrown or
deflected directly into the hood opening. The large heavy
particles thrown out by the cutting heads or wheels have
such a high speed that their trajectories cannot be altered
by a vacuum system regardless of its velocity. In addition
hoods should be placed as close to the source of dust
contamination as possible since the effectiveness of an
exhaust hood decreases very rapidly as it is moved away
from the source. The following recommended pipe sizes
are based on the use of reasonably good hoods.
Wide belt and abrasive sanders, moulders and shapers
with high R.P.M. spindles often call for higher duct velocity
(through hoods supplied by manufacturers) than those indi-
cated on the charts. In these cases caution must be used.
The following charts are recommended for machines with
good hood enclosures. (Also check with the machine
manufacturer for their recommended velocities.)
Exhaust Volumes & Conveying Velocities for
a Variety of Production Machines
Table 43-1: Recommended Conveying Velocities for Various Production Machines
44
A
b
r
a
s
i
v
e

b
l
a
s
t

r
o
o
m
s
(
s
a
n
d
,

g
r
i
t

o
r

s
h
o
t
)
A
b
r
a
s
i
v
e

b
l
a
s
t

c
a
b
i
n
e
t
s
B
a
g

t
u
b
e

p
a
c
k
e
r
B
a
r
r
e
l
s
(
f
o
r

f
i
l
l
i
n
g

o
r

r
e
m
o
v
i
n
g

m
a
t
e
r
i
a
l
)
B
e
l
t

c
o
n
v
e
y
o
r
s
S
h
a
k
e
o
u
t

c
o
n
v
e
y
o
r
B
e
l
t

w
i
p
e
r

(
m
a
y

r
e
q
u
i
r
e
d

w
i
t
h

h
i
g
h

s
p
e
e
d
b
e
l
t
s
)
B
i
n
s
(
c
l
o
s
e
d

b
i
n

t
o
p
)
B
u
c
k
e
t

e
l
e
v
a
t
o
r
s
C
e
r
a
m
i
c
s
D
r
y

P
a
n
D
r
y

P
r
e
s
s
V
i
b
r
a
t
i
n
g

f
e
e
d
e
r
s
-
s
h
a
k
e
o
u
t

h
o
p
p
e
r
t
o

c
o
n
v
e
y
o
r
F
l
o
o
r

g
r
a
t
e
G
r
i
n
d
e
r
S
w
i
n
g

f
r
a
m
e
T
i
g
h
t

e
n
c
l
o
s
u
r
e

w
i
t
h
a
i
r

i
n
l
e
t
s

(
u
s
u
a
l
l
y

i
n
r
o
o
f
)
T
i
g
h
t

e
n
c
l
o
s
u
r
e

w
i
t
h
a
c
c
e
s
s

o
p
e
n
i
n
g
s
B
o
o
t
h

o
r

e
n
c
l
o
s
u
r
e

(
p
r
o
v
i
d
e

s
p
i
l
l
a
g
e
h
o
p
p
e
r
)
L
o
c
a
l

h
o
o
d

1
8
0

d
e
g
.
a
r
o
u
n
d

t
o
p

o
f

b
a
r
r
e
l
H
o
o
d
s

a
t

t
r
a
n
s
f
e
r
p
o
i
n
t
C
o
n
t
i
n
u
o
u
s

h
o
o
d
w
i
t
h

t
a
k
e
-
o
f
f

m
a
x
.
o
f

3
0

f
t
.
a
p
a
r
t
T
i
g
h
t

f
i
t
t
i
n
g

h
o
o
d

h
e
l
d

a
g
a
i
n
s
t

u
n
d
e
r
s
i
d
e

o
f

b
e
l
t
C
o
n
n
e
c
t

t
o

b
i
n

t
o
p
a
w
a
y

f
r
o
m

f
e
e
d

p
o
i
n
t
T
i
g
h
t

c
a
s
i
n
g

r
e
q
u
i
r
e
d
E
n
c
l
o
s
u
r
e
L
o
c
a
l
C
o
m
p
l
e
t
e

e
n
c
l
o
s
u
r
e
S
i
d
e

h
o
o
d
D
o
w
n
d
r
a
f
t
B
o
o
t
h
6
0

-

1
0
0

f
p
m

d
o
w
n
d
r
a
f
t

(
l
o
n
g

r
o
o
m
s

o
f

t
u
n
n
e
l

p
r
o
p
o
r
t
i
o
n
s

1
0
0

f
p
m

c
r
o
s
s
-
d
r
a
f
t
)
2
0

a
i
r

c
h
a
n
g
e
s

p
e
r

m
i
n
u
t
e

b
u
t

n
o
t

l
e
s
s
t
h
a
n

5
0
0

f
p
m

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

a
l
l

o
p
e
n
i
n
g
s
.
O
p
e
n
i
n
g
s

t
o

b
e

b
a
f
f
l
e
d
5
0
0

c
f
m
/
f
i
l
l
i
n
g
t
u
b
e
;
5
0
0

c
f
m

a
t

f
e
e
d
h
o
p
p
e
r
;
9
5
0

c
f
m

a
t

s
p
i
l
l

h
o
p
p
e
r
1
0
0

c
f
m
/
s
q
.
f
t
.
b
a
r
r
e
l

t
o
p

m
i
n
.
B
e
l
t

s
p
e
e
d
s

l
e
s
s

t
h
a
n

2
0
0

f
p
m

-
3
5
0

c
f
m

p
e
r

f
o
o
t

o
f

b
e
l
t

w
i
d
t
h
,

b
u
t

n
o
t
l
e
s
s

t
h
a
n

1
5
0

f
p
m

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

o
p
e
n

a
r
e
a
.
B
e
l
t

s
p
e
e
d
s

o
v
e
r

2
0
0

f
p
m

-

5
0
0

c
f
m

p
e
r

f
o
o
t

o
f

b
e
l
t

w
i
d
t
h

b
u
t

n
o
t

l
e
s
s

t
h
a
n
2
0
0

f
p
m

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

o
p
e
n

a
r
e
a
3
5
0

c
f
m

p
e
r

f
t
.
o
f

b
e
l
t

w
i
d
t
h

w
i
t
h

a
i
r
i
n
l
e
t
s

e
v
e
r
y

3
0

f
t
.
2
0
0

c
f
m

p
e
r

f
o
o
t

o
f

b
e
l
t

w
i
d
t
h
.
N
o
t

r
e
c
o
m
m
e
n
d
e
d

f
o
r

w
e
t

b
e
l
t
s

a
s

i
n

o
r
e
c
o
n
v
e
y
i
n
g
2
0
0

f
p
m

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

o
p
e
n

a
r
e
a

a
t

f
e
e
d
p
o
i
n
t
s
,

b
u
t

n
o
t

l
e
s
s

t
h
a
n

0
.
5

c
f
m

p
e
r

c
u
.
f
t
.
o
f

b
i
n

c
a
p
a
c
i
t
y
1
5
0
-
2
0
0

f
p
m

a
t

a
l
l

o
p
e
n
i
n
g
s
.
2
0
0

f
p
m

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

a
l
l

o
p
e
n
i
n
g
s

5
0
0

f
p
m
A
u
t
o
m
a
t
i
c

f
e
e
d
,

1
-
5

i
n
.
d
i
a
.
b
r
a
n
c
h

a
t
d
i
e
.
M
a
n
u
a
l

f
e
e
d
,

1
-
5

i
n
.
d
i
a
.
b
r
a
n
c
h

a
t
d
i
e
.
5
0
0

c
f
m
2
0
0

c
f
m

p
e
r

s
q
.
f
t
.
o
f

o
p
e
n
i
n
g

(
P
r
o
v
i
d
e
r
u
b
b
e
r

o
r

c
a
n
v
a
s

f
l
e
x
i
b
l
e

s
e
a
l
s

b
e
t
w
e
e
n
s
h
a
k
e
-
o
u
t

h
o
p
p
e
r

s
i
d
e
s

a
n
d

e
n
d

a
n
d
a
l
s
o

f
e
e
d
e
r

s
i
d
e
s

a
n
d

e
n
d
)
F
o
r

h
e
a
v
y

l
o
a
d
s

o
f

d
r
y

d
u
s
t

a
n
d

c
o
n
t
i
n
u
o
u
s

d
u
m
p
i
n
g

o
r

f
e
e
d
i
n
g

o
p
e
r
a
-
t
i
o
n
s
,

t
r
e
a
t

s
a
m
e

a
s

s
h
a
k
e
-
o
u
t

s
i
d
e
h
o
o
d
s
,

s
e
e

b
e
l
o
w
W
h
e
n

u
s
e
d

o
c
c
a
s
i
o
n
a
l
l
y
,

2
0
0
-
2
5
0

c
f
m
p
e
r

s
q
.
f
t
.
o
f

g
r
a
t
e

a
r
e
a

-

d
e
p
e
n
d
i
n
g

o
n
f
i
n
e
n
e
s
s

a
n
d

d
r
y
n
e
s
s

o
f

m
a
t
e
r
i
a
l
1
0
0
-
1
5
0

f
p
m

i
n
d
r
a
f
t

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

o
p
e
n
i
n
g

i
n
b
o
o
t
h

f
a
c
e

f
o
r

l
a
r
g
e

o
p
e
n
i
n
g
.
N
e
v
e
r
b
e
l
o
w

1
0
0

f
p
m
.
S
m
a
l
l

o
p
e
n
i
n
g

w
i
t
h
g
r
i
n
d
e
r

i
n

f
r
o
n
t

u
s
e

2
0
0

f
p
m
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
5
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
3
,
5
0
0
D
u
s
t

p
r
o
d
u
c
i
n
g
e
q
u
i
p
m
e
n
t
D
u
s
t

p
r
o
d
u
c
i
n
g
e
q
u
i
p
m
e
n
t
E
x
h
a
u
s
t

h
o
o
d
E
x
h
a
u
s
t

h
o
o
d
E
x
h
a
u
s
t

r
e
q
u
i
r
e
m
e
n
t
s
E
x
h
a
u
s
t

r
e
q
u
i
r
e
m
e
n
t

C
o
n
v
e
y
i
n
g
v
e
l
o
c
i
t
i
e
s
i
n

F
P
M
C
o
n
v
e
y
i
n
g
v
e
l
o
c
i
t
i
e
s
i
n

F
P
M
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
4
,
0
0
0
G
r
i
n
d
e
r
s
P
o
r
t
a
b
l
e

a
n
d
f
l
e
x
i
b
l
e

s
h
a
f
t
M
i
x
e
r
S
h
a
k
e
-
o
u
t
s
F
o
u
n
d
r
y
A
p
r
o
n

c
o
n
v
e
y
o
r

f
o
r

l
i
g
h
t

f
l
a
s
k

w
o
r
k
B
e
l
t

c
o
n
v
e
y
o
r

f
o
r
l
i
g
h
t

f
l
a
s
t

n
o
n
-
f
e
r
r
o
u
s

c
a
s
t
i
n
g
s
S
h
a
k
e
r

c
o
n
v
e
y
o
r
a
b
o
v
e

f
l
o
o
r
-
s
n
a
p
f
l
a
s
k

w
o
r
k
T
u
n
n
e
l

v
e
n
t
i
l
a
t
i
o
n
S
c
r
e
e
n
s
V
i
b
r
a
t
i
n
g

f
l
a
t

d
e
c
k
C
y
l
i
n
d
r
i
c
a
l
M
i
s
c
e
l
l
a
n
e
o
u
s
,
P
a
c
k
a
g
i
n
g
,

m
a
c
h
i
n
e
s
,

g
r
a
n
u
l
a
t
o
r
s
,

e
n
-
c
l
o
s
e
d

d
u
s
t

p
r
o
d
u
c
-
i
n
g

u
n
i
t
s
.
P
a
c
k
a
g
i
n
g
,
w
e
i
g
h
i
n
g
,

c
o
n
t
a
i
n
e
r
f
i
l
l
i
n
g

i
n
s
p
e
c
t
i
o
n
D
o
w
n
d
r
a
f
t

g
r
i
l
l
e
s
U
s
e

s
i
d
e

s
h
i
e
l
d
s
w
h
e
r
e

p
o
s
s
i
b
l
e
E
n
c
l
o
s
u
r
e
E
n
c
l
o
s
u
r
e
N
o
n
e
N
o
n
e
S
i
d
e

o
r

o
v
e
r
h
e
a
d
h
o
o
d
E
n
c
l
o
s
u
r
e
E
n
c
l
o
s
u
r
e
E
n
c
l
o
s
u
r
e
C
o
m
p
l
e
t
e

e
n
c
l
o
-
s
u
r
e
B
o
o
t
h
D
o
w
n
d
r
a
f
t
B
e
n
c
h

t
y
p
e
,

1
5
0
-
2
5
0

c
f
m

p
e
r

s
q
.
f
t
.
o
f

e
x
h
a
u
s
t

g
r
i
l
l
e

b
u
t

n
o
t

l
e
s
s

t
h
a
n

1
5
0

c
f
m
p
e
r

s
q
.
f
t
.
o
f

p
l
a
n

w
o
r
k
i
n
g

a
r
e
a
F
l
o
o
r

g
r
i
l
l
e
,

2
0
0
-
4
0
0

c
f
m

p
e
r

s
q
.
f
t
.
o
f
e
x
h
a
u
s
t

g
r
i
l
l
e

b
u
t

n
o
t

l
e
s
s

t
h
a
n

1
0
0
c
f
m

p
e
r

s
q
.
f
t
.
o
f

p
l
a
n

w
o
r
k
i
n
g

a
r
e
a
1
5
0

m
i
n
i
m
u
m

f
p
m

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

w
o
r
k
i
n
g

a
n
d
i
n
s
p
e
c
t
i
o
n

o
p
e
n
i
n
g
s
2
0
0

f
p
m

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

a
l
l

o
p
e
n
i
n
g
s

i
n
e
n
c
l
o
s
u
r
e
,

b
u
t

n
o
t

l
e
s
s

t
h
a
n

2
0
0

c
f
m
p
e
r

s
q
.
f
t
.
o
f

g
r
a
t
e

a
r
e
a
V
e
n
t
i
l
a
t
e

c
o
n
v
e
y
o
r

e
q
u
i
v
a
l
e
n
t

t
o

7
5

t
o
1
0
0

c
f
m

p
e
r

s
q
.
f
t
.
o
f

g
r
o
s
s

g
r
a
t
e

a
r
e
a
,

a
s
s
u
m
i
n
g

a
l
l

g
r
a
t
e
s

o
p
e
n

a
t

a
n
y

o
n
e

t
i
m
e
S
a
m
e

a
s

a
b
o
v
e
V
e
n
t
i
l
a
t
e

h
o
u
s
i
n
g

a
t

r
a
t
e

o
f

1
2
5

t
o

1
5
0
c
f
m

p
e
r

s
q
.
f
t
.
g
r
o
s
s

o
p
e
n

a
r
e
a
.
A
s
s
u
m
e
a
l
l

d
o
o
r
s

o
p
e
n

a
t

o
n
e

t
i
m
e
.
I
n
c
l
u
d
e

a
r
e
a
b
e
t
w
e
e
n

h
o
u
s
i
n
g

a
n
d

c
o
n
v
e
y
o
r

s
i
d
e
s

i
n
v
o
l
u
m
e

d
e
t
e
r
m
i
n
a
t
i
o
n
.
U
s
u
a
l
c
l
e
a
r
a
n
c
e

1

i
n
.
o
r

l
e
s
s

o
n

e
a
c
h

c
o
n
-
v
e
y
o
r

s
i
d
e
W
h
e
n

v
i
b
r
a
t
i
n
g

s
h
a
k
e
-
o
u
t

h
o
p
p
e
r
s

a
r
e

l
o
c
a
t
e
d

i
n

a

c
l
o
s
e
d

t
u
n
n
e
l
,

v
e
n
t
i
l
a
t
e

t
h
e

t
u
n
n
e
l

a
t

1
0
0

c
f
m

p
e
r

s
q
.
f
t
.
o
f

t
u
n
n
e
l

c
r
o
s
s

s
e
c
t
i
o
n
.
E
x
h
a
u
s
t

f
r
o
m

t
r
a
n
s
f
e
r
p
o
i
n
t
s

c
a
n

p
r
o
v
i
d
e

a
l
l
,

o
r

p
a
r
t

o
f
,

a
i
r

r
e
-
q
u
i
r
e
d
.
A
n
y

a
d
d
i
t
i
o
n
a
l

e
x
h
a
u
s
t

r
e
q
u
i
r
e
d
s
h
o
u
l
d

b
e

t
a
k
e
n

i
n

r
e
a
r

o
f

s
h
a
k
e
-
o
u
t
h
o
p
p
e
r
2
0
0

f
m
p

i
n
d
r
a
f
t

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

h
o
o
d

o
p
e
n
i
n
g
s
,

b
u
t

n
o
t

l
e
s
s

t
h
a
n

5
0

c
f
m

p
e
r

s
q
.
f
t
.
o
f

s
c
r
e
e
n

a
r
e
a
1
0
0

c
f
m

p
e
r

s
q
.
f
t
.
o
f

c
i
r
c
u
l
a
r

c
r
o
s
s
-

s
e
c
-
t
i
o
n

b
u
t

n
o
t

l
e
s
s

t
h
a
n

4
0
0

f
p
m

i
n
-
d
r
a
f
t

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

o
p
e
n
i
n
g
s

i
n

e
n
c
l
o
s
u
r
e
1
0
0
-
4
0
0

f
p
m

i
n
d
r
a
f
t

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

i
n
s
p
e
c
t
i
o
n

o
r
w
o
r
k
i
n
g

o
p
e
n
i
n
g
s
,

b
u
t

n
o
t

l
e
s
s

t
h
a
n
2
5

c
f
m

p
e
r

s
q
.
f
t
.
o
f

e
n
c
l
o
s
e
d

p
l
a
n

a
r
e
a
5
0
-
1
5
0

c
f
m

p
e
r

s
q
.
f
t
.
o
f

o
p
e
n

f
a
c
e

a
r
e
a

9
5
-
1
5
0

c
f
m

p
e
r

s
q
.
f
t
.
o
f

d
u
s
t

p
r
o
d
u
c
i
n
g
p
l
a
n

a
r
e
a
Dust Collection
T
a
b
l
e

4
4
-
1
:

U
s
u
a
l

E
x
h
a
u
s
t

V
o
l
u
m
e
s

a
n
d

C
o
n
v
e
y
i
n
g

V
e
l
o
c
i
t
i
e
s

f
o
r

D
u
s
t

P
r
o
d
u
c
i
n
g

E
q
u
i
p
m
e
n
t
Exhaust Volumes & Conveying Velocities
for Dust Producing Equipment

Standard dust collection components & accessories Dust Collection Spiral Manufacturing has all the duct components you need to design and build a safe and efficient dust collection system Laterals (Pages 12-14) Reducers (Page 15) Elbows (Pages 5-6) Blast Gates (Pages 31-32) Clean-outs (Page 30) Floor Sweeps (Page 17) Clear Flex Hose (Page 33) Manifolds (Page 14) Custom Hoods (Page19) Clamps (Page 34) Bellmouth (Page 17) Duct Sealants (Page 27) 40 .

Begin with the primary machine that is furthest from where you will place the dust Figure 41-1 Floor Pick-Up Designing Your System There are two phases to designing your dust collection system: The first phase is sizing your duct work for adequate volume and velocity of flow for the type of dust you will be creating. and you have a list of all components required for your branch lines. Below this minmum FPM. Step 5 Now you are ready to size the main trunk line. Example: Table saw 4” dia. You can use the diameter of a factory installed collar or port. MN 55448-3158 Phone: 763-755-7677 • 800-426-3643 • Fax: 763-755-6184 . Table 41-2: CFM for for pipe diameter at specified velocity Diameter 3” 4” 5” 6” 7” 8” 9” 10” 12” 14” 3500 FPM 277 305 477 686 935 1222 1546 1909 2749 3742 Step 4 Identify your primary or high-use machines. particles will begin to settle out of the air stream. For the purpose of the following examples assume woodworking dust. This is also a good time to start your take-off list of duct components for your system. Remember the FPM for wood dust in branch lines is 4500. expressed in inches of water gage (˝wg). the floor to joist dimension. Prior to making your calculations. 390 CFM (rounded) Planer 5” dia. Include the size and location of each machine. FPM (Feet per Minute) is the velocity of the airstream. VP (Velocity Pressure). all of your branch lines are sized. the location of the dust collecting unit. FPM is important because a minimum FPM is required to keep particles entrained in the air stream. or consult the manufacturer. Convert rectangular ports to the equivalent round diameter. determine the CFM requirement of each branch. Ports less than 3” will require a reducer to 4”. diagram the floor plan of your shop to scale on graph paper. is the pressure in the direction of flow required to move air at rest to a given velocity. Step 2 Determine the diameter of each branch line. • Minneapolis. SP (Static Pressure) is defined as the pressure in the duct that tends to burst or collapse the duct and is expressed in inches of water gage (˝wg). CFM is related to FPM by the formula CFM = FPM x cross-sectional area (ft2). Step 1 From the Table 41-1 determine the velocity (FPM) of your system for the type of dust that will be produced. Table 41-1: Velocity for Type of Dust Type of Dust Metalworking Dust Woodworking Dust Plastic/Other Light Dust Velocity in Branches (FPM) 5000 4500 4500 Velocity in Main (FPM) 4500 4000 4000 4000 FPM 316 348 546 784 1068 1396 1767 2182 3142 4276 4500 FPM 356 392 614 882 1202 1570 1988 2455 3534 4810 For larger diameters see pages 59-60. The objective here is to define your heaviest use scenario so you can size your system to meet it. Table 41-1 shows the minimum FPM that Spiral Manufacturing recommends for several types of dust in branch and main runs. Step 3 Using Table 41-2.W. Wood dust requires 4500 FPM in branches and 4000 FPM in mains. Convert metric ports to the nearest inch. You will also need to familiarize yourself with the following concepts: CFM (Cubic Feet per Minute) is the volume of air moved per minute. and the second phase is computing the static pressure (SP) of your system to determine the size and power of your dust collection unit. and the most efficient (fewest number of turns or bends) path for routing your duct lines. 880 CFM (rounded) Continue for all branches.com Dust Collection How to design an efficient dust collection system with Spiral pipe. At this point. Including infrequently used machines and floor pickups in your calculations will only result in an over-designed system that will cost more to purchase and to operate. 610 CFM (rounded) Lathe 6” dia.spiralmfg.www. and the location of its dust port or outlet. Record any reducers or rectangular to round transitions on your take off list. Planer (Primary) 45° Reducing Lateral 90° Elbow 10‘ 5˝Ø 4˝Ø 6‘ Table Saw (Primary) 45° Elbow 6‘ Floor Pick-Up 8‘ 7˝Ø 10˝Ø Radial Arm Saw 15‘ Lathe (Primary) Dust Collector 12‘ 10˝Ø 45° Standard Lateral Sander 41 11419 Yellowpine Street N. forming clogs—especially in vertical runs. These are the machines that operate simultaneously on a frequent basis.

The main going to your dust collecting unit will be 10”. Many types of dust. Using Table 41-2 once again. If this is not done.) Now calculate for the addition of the third primary machine (the lathe on a 6˝ branch). collecting unit. 2) The SP of the main run (see Figure 42-2). it is essential to provide a source of make-up air to the shop to prevent a down draft through the flue of the heating system. which has a branch diameter of 4”.94 5.7 = . the size of the run is not increased. Your dust collection unit must provide a mimimum of 1880 CFM through a 10” duct at 4000 FPM. including flex-hose.) You now have a 390 CFM line (table saw) and a 610 CFM line (planer) combining for a total of 1000 CFM. Step 6 In this step. there are 5 lateral reducers in the main. To do this you total the Static Pressures of the following system component groups: 1) The branch line with the greatest SP or resistance (see Figure 42-1). Calculate the SP of all branchs to determine which has the greatest SP. Total SP for filter: Summing the SP loss for the system. Static Pressure is measured in inches of water gage (˝wg).886 SP (˝wg) Three 4˝ 90° elbows: Chart 51-1 shows one elbow = .57 (˝wg). if any (see Figure 42-3).5 SP (a constant) Four feet of 4˝ flex-hose*: Chart 57-1 shows 4˝ flex-hose (at 390 CFM) = . It is recommended that for larger systems a professional engineer be consulted to assure that the system is properly designed and sized. We recommed rounding up to a 10” main after the addition of the lathe. In addition. we have: 1) Highest loss branch: 2) Loss for main: 3) Filter loss: Total SP loss (˝wg) loss in the system): 1. See photo on page 33. Blast gates should be installed on all branch lines to maintain system balance.90 1. If your system has areas where long slivers of material could possibly hang-up and cause a clog. including many woods are toxic. we will assume that there is no pre-separator an that the SP for the filter is 1. You have an 1000 CFM main + an 880 CFM branch line (for the lathe) for a total of 1880 CFM.50 7. Additional Considerations and Recommendations: The above example is for a small system with few variables.How to design an efficient dust collection system with spiral pipe.8 SP ÷ 100 x 4 x 27. if any. In our example. you calculate the Static Pressure (SP) or the resistance of your system that your dust collection unit must overcome. and have a static pressure capability of no less than 7. Dust suspended in air has a potential for explosion.5. you will see that for 4000 FPM (the velocity requirement for main line that you determined in Step 1) the required pipe diameter falls between 6” and 7”.62 . and for the preseparator. Only the branch with the greatest SP or resistance is added to the total. 1880 CFM at 4000 FPM requires between a 9” and 10” pipe. This not only assures adequate air flow but also anticipates a future upgrade in machine size. and it calculates out as follows using an FPM of 4500 for branch lines: SP (˝wg) Entry loss at machine adaptor collar is 1. 42 .50 = 0. For this example. If the dust collector is located in a seperate enclosure. Run this 4˝ Spiral pipe to the point where the second primary machine (the planer on a 5˝ branch) will enter the main.28 SP loss (˝wg) x 3 Three branch runs of 4˝ pipe (6+6+10) = 22’: Table 55-2 shows 8. so it is recommended that you ground all of your duct runs. (Note: If a non-primary machine or pick-up is added to the system between primary machines.) Figure 42-1 Dust Collection Figure 42-2 2) Calculate the SP of the main: In our example the main has one 8’ run of 7” Spiral pipe.8 ÷ 100 x 22’ Total SP loss (˝wg) for the table saw branch equals: = 1. this is the table saw. and your dust collection unit must be capable of pulling 1880 CFM through a 10” duct at 4000 FPM. If a return duct is necessary from the dust collector.886 = 0.57 You now have the information you need to specify your dust collector. 3) The SP for the collection unit’s filter. consult with the manufacturer of the collection units you are considering. install a clean-out near that area. so take special care to choose a filtering system that will provide optimal safety.5 = 0.17 * Flex-hose should be wire wrapped helix hose to permit grounding.30 ÷ 100 x 27 Total SP loss (˝wg) for the main run: 3) Calculate the SP for the collection units filter and seperator: For these calculations. it should be sized two inches larger than the main duct entrance and its SP loss added into your calcualtions.90 Figure 42-3 5. Using Table 41-2 again. two runs (15’ and 12’) of 10” Spiral pipe connecting the main to the dust collector. and then total them. (You can use the charts on pages 51-60 to assist in your calculations. Some dust collection units may not include fan curve information that shows CFM or Static Pressure variables.28 = 0. 1) Calculate the SP of the branch with the greatest SP: (4 feet of flex hose and one 90° elbow not shown) Starting at the machine and working toward the main. (Note: Spiral Manufacturung recommends that you round up to 7”. Our calculations for 4000 FPM in the main are as follows: SP (˝wg) Eight feet of 7˝ Spiral pipe: Table 55-2 shows 3.17 .55 ÷ 100 x 8 Twenty-seven feet (15 + 12) of 10˝ pipe: Table 55-2 shows 2.84 = 1. carbon monoxide poisoning could result. determine the SP of each branch line component. In our example. the branch with the greatest loss is the table saw branch. We do not recommend procuring collector equipment without this information.

(Also check with the machine manufacturer for their recommended velocities. The large heavy particles thrown out by the cutting heads or wheels have Table 43-1: Recommended Conveying Velocities for Various Production Machines 43 11419 Yellowpine Street N. The following charts are recommended for machines with good hood enclosures.P. Some modern high speed or extra large machines will require higher velocities than shown. • Minneapolis.com Dust Collection Exhaust Volumes & Conveying Velocities for a Variety of Production Machines such a high speed that their trajectories cannot be altered by a vacuum system regardless of its velocity.www. Caution: One of the most important factors in an efficient dust collection system is proper hood design. spindles often call for higher duct velocity (through hoods supplied by manufacturers) than those indicated on the charts.spiralmfg. In addition hoods should be placed as close to the source of dust contamination as possible since the effectiveness of an exhaust hood decreases very rapidly as it is moved away from the source. The air volume required to capture the dust at the machine will vary with each operation.M. The following recommended pipe sizes are based on the use of reasonably good hoods. Hoods must be designed so that the dispersed particles are thrown or deflected directly into the hood opening.W. The following charts will provide an excellent guide to determine your total air volume requirements.) This list of recommended exhaust volumes and pipe sizes for average sized metal working and woodworking machines is based on many years of experience and the work of many people. Particle size and hood type must be considered. moulders and shapers with high R. Wide belt and abrasive sanders. MN 55448-3158 Phone: 763-755-7677 • 800-426-3643 • Fax: 763-755-6184 . In these cases caution must be used. Smaller machines may use less air than shown.

assuming all grates open at any one time 4. Manual feed. ft. ft.000 Ventilate conveyor equivalent to 75 to 100 cfm per sq.000 working openings.500 Shaker conveyor above floor-snap flask work Bins (closed bin top) Tunnel ventilation Enclosure 4. ventilate the tunnel at 100 cfm per sq.000 60 .000 Bag tube packer Booth or enclosure (provide spillage hopper) Local hood 180 deg. 200-400 cfm per sq. of plan working area Floor grille.000 Tight casing required 150-200 fpm at all openings. of plan working area 4. or less on each conveyor side Belt wiper (may required with high speed belts) Belt speeds less than 200 fpm 350 cfm per foot of belt width. air required.000 Belt conveyor for light flast nonferrous castings 4. 1-5 in. but not less than 200 cfm per sq. 100 cfm/sq. of gross grate area.000 per sq. 1-5 in.000 than 500 fpm through all openings. 4.depending on fineness and dryness of material Booth 100-150 fpm indraft through opening in 3. of exhaust grille but not less than 100 cfm per sq.000 Shake-outs Foundry Apron conveyor for light flask work None Same as above None Enclosure 4.sec. but not less than 25 cfm per sq. machines.000 tunnel proportions 100 fpm cross-draft) Downdraft grilles Use side shields where possible Bench type. around top of barrel 4. Include area between housing and conveyor sides in volume determination. but not less than 50 cfm per sq. ft. Exhaust from transfer points can provide all. of dust producing plan area 4. Usual clearance 1 in.000 Local 500 fpm Automatic feed.000 Side hood For heavy loads of dry dust and continuous dumping or feeding operations. Packaging.000 4. branch at die. of inlets every 30 ft. or part of.000 rubber or canvas flexible seals between shake-out hopper sides and end and also feeder sides and end) 4. of tunnel cross section. 200-250 cfm 4.000 Enclosure 200 fpm through all openings 4.000 500 cfm/filling tube. ft.000 Floor grate 100 cfm per sq. Any additional exhaust required should be taken in rear of shake-out hopper 200 fmp indraft through hood openings. see below Downdraft When used occasionally. branch at die. container filling inspection 44 .4. of bin capacity 4.000 Connect to bin top 200 fpm through open area at feed away from feed point points. ft. of belt width with air with take-off max. of grate area . Small opening with grinder in front use 200 fpm Miscellaneous. treat same as shake-out side hoods. Packaging. Assume all doors open at one time. of open face area 95-150 cfm per sq. ft.Table 44-1: Usual Exhaust Volumes and Conveying Velocities for Dust Producing Equipment hood Ex haust r equirements Conveying velocities in FPM Dust producing equipment Exhaust hood Ex haust r equirement Conveying velocities in FPM Dust producing equipment Exhaust Abrasive blast rooms Tight enclosure with (sand. ft. ft. but not less than 150 fpm through open area.apart Tight fitting hood 200 cfm per foot of belt width. 950 cfm at spill hopper Mixer Enclosure 150 minimum fpm through working and inspection openings 200 fpm through all openings in enclosure.000 Ventilate housing at rate of 125 to 150 cfm per sq.000 Shakeout conveyor Side or overhead hood 4. ft. gross open area.100 fpm downdraft (long rooms of 4. weighing. ft. grit or shot) air inlets (usually in roof) Tight enclosure with Abrasive blast access openings cabinets Grinders Portable and flexible shaft 20 air changes per minute but not less 4. of opening (Provide 4.000 Dust Collection Grinder Swing frame 4.000 4. 30 ft. of grate area 4. of enclosed plan area Booth Downdraft 50-150 cfm per sq. ft. Openings to be baffled 4.5 cfm per cu. enclosed dust producing units. Not held against under recommended for wet belts as in ore side of belt conveying 4. ft. barrel top min.ft.500 cfm per foot of belt width but not less than 200 fpm through open area Continuous hood 350 cfm per ft. dia. ft. 150-250 cfm per sq.000 tion but not less than 400 fpm indraft through openings in enclosure Complete enclosure 100-400 fpm indraft through inspection or 4.000 Barrels (for filling or removing material) Hoods at transfer Belt conveyors point 4. ft. ft. 500 cfm at feed hopper. Belt speeds over 200 fpm . of screen area Exhaust Volumes & Conveying Velocities for Dust Producing Equipment Bucket elevators Ceramics Dry Pan Dry Press Vibrating feedersshakeout hopper to conveyor Enclosure Screens Vibrating flat deck Cylindrical Enclosure 4.500 booth face for large opening. ft. dia. of exhaust grille but not less than 150 cfm per sq. but not less than 0. granulators. 500 cfm Complete enclosure 200 cfm per sq. of circular cross.000 When vibrating shake-out hoppers are located in a closed tunnel. Never below 100 fpm.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful