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Unit 2: Computer Systems


Speaking 1. Work in small groups. Make a list of all the computer hardware you use in your
work or study.
Vocabulary: Types of computer; parts of the computer;
ONLINE @ctivity  Google Classroom Code: a2fo0y

Reading Types of computer by sizes and power

Computers can be generally classified by size and power as follows, though there is considerable overlap:
 Personal computer: A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor.
 Workstation: A powerful, single-user computer. A workstation is like a personal computer, but it has a more
powerful microprocessor and, in general, a higher-quality monitor.
 Minicomputer: A multi-user computer capable of supporting up to hundreds of users simultaneously.
 Mainframe: A powerful multi-user computer capable of supporting many hundreds or thousands of users
 Supercomputer: An extremely fast computer that can perform hundreds of millions of instructions per second.

2. Translate the UNDERLINED words and expressions.

Reading 3. Read the text below.

4. Read the text above and complete the graphical structure of a computer.

5. Based on the text, match the expressions and the definitions.

1. software ( ) the brain of the computer
2. peripherals ( ) physical parts that make up a computer system
3. main memory ( ) programs which can be used on a particular computer
4. hard drive (hard disk) ( ) the information which is presented to the computed
5. hardware ( ) results produces by a computer
6. input ( ) mouse, keyboard, scan
7. input devices ( ) printer, sound box, projector, screen
8. ports ( ) devices attached to the CPU
9. output ( ) section that holds programs and data while they are executed
10. output devices ( ) magnetic device used to store information
11. central processing unit (CPU) ( ) sockets into which an external device may be connected
Listening 6 Listen to two colleagues and complete this dialogue.
Bob: What do you think? Which (1)_______________________ is better for the sales team?
Daisy: I'm not sure. This computer has a (2) _________________________ memory and I think it has a
(3) _____________ processor.
Bob: And the other one?
Daisy: Well, it is (4) _______________________
Bob: And (5) _______________________
Daisy: Yes, you're right. Lighter and smaller.
Bob: But the bigger one is (6) _______________________
Daisy: So what is our decision?
Bob: I'm not sure. Let's go for a coffee and discuss this again.

Reading 7. Read the table below.

MacBook Pro MD101LL/A HP Pavilion 2019 Newest

Touchscreen Laptop
Screen Size 13.3 inches (in.) 15.6 inches (in.)
Screen Resolution 1280 x 800 1366 x 768
Processor 2.5 GHz Intel Core i5 2.6 GHz AMD A Series
Memory Speed 2.4 GHz 1.9 GHz
Hard Drive 500 GB 500 GB
Graphics Coprocessor Intel HD Graphics 4000 AMD Radeon R4
Average Battery Life (in hours) 3 hours 3 hours
Item Weight 4.54 pounds (lbs.) 4.63 pounds (lbs.)
Product Dimensions 8.9 x 12.8 x 0.9 inches (in.) 14.8 x 9.7 x 0.9 inches (in.)
Rear Webcam Resolution 2 MP 3 MP
Computer Memory Type DDR3 SDRAM DDR4 SDRAM
8. What do the acronyms stand for?
a. RAM b. GHz c. DDR d. GB e. HD f. MP g. HP h. AMD

9. Research and convert

a. 13.3 inches to centimeters b. 15.6 inches to centimeters.
c. 4.54 pounds to kilograms d. 4.63 pounds to kilograms
e. 500 GB to MG f. 2.4 GHz to MHz

Language Comparing
Superiority (more) and inferiority (less)

as + adjective + as – The MacBook’s memory is as good as the HP’s.

10. Make the comparatives

Superiority Inferiority Equality



Speaking 1 Work in small groups. List the IT jobs you know.

Reading 2 Read this team introduction. Complete the descriptions 1-4 with the IT jobs in the box.

database analyst
network architect
IT support officer
network administrator

1 Sylvia is a __________________________________________________
2 Isabelle is a_________________________________________________
3 Andrew is an________________________________________________
4 Mark and Latika are _____________________________________________

Listening 3 Listen to three people talking about their jobs. Complete the texts and the job descriptions. 4

1. Hi, I'm Karl. I'm a software __________________. I design and _______________________ computer
games. Thank you.
2. Good afternoon everyone, I'm Heba. I 'm a __________________ analyst. I ____________________
computer problems. Nice to meet you all.
3. Hi, My name's Wojtek. I'm a database _______________________________. I analyse and
_____________________ data. Thank you.

1. Karl
Job: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Responsibilities: __________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Heba
Job: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Responsibilities: __________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. Wojtek
Job: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Responsibilities: __________________________________________________________________________________________________


Extra @ctivity  Google Classroom Code: a2fo0y

Speaking 4 Work in pairs. Ask and answer questions about Karl, Heba and Wojtek.
A: What does Karl do?
B: He's a… He works…

Listening 5. Listen and complete this dialogue. 5

6 Listen and repeat these questions.
1 Where do you work?
2 What about you?
3 What do you do?
4 What do you want to know?
5 Where does she work?

Writing 7. What is your dream job?

Write a job description for the job of your choice.

Speaking 8. Tell the rest of the group about your dream

job. Use your notes to help you.
Example: My dream job is ... I design/solve/analyse

Speaking 9. Listen to six people introducing themselves. What jobs do they do? Complete the sentences. Then
compare with a partner. 2 (CD 2) – Find the script on Google Classroom

database administrator helpdesk supervisor project manager

software developer support technician systems analyst

1. Maria is a ___________________________________ 2. Arhmed is a __________________________________________

3. Freddy is a __________________________________ 4. Hanna is a ____________________________________________
5. Tim is a _____________________________________ 6. Sophie is a ____________________________________________

10. Listen again. Complete the collocations.

a. write software f. diagnose ___________________________________
b. have _____________________________ g. be responsible _______________ IT projects
c. look ___________________ computer h. design _______________________________________
d. install ____________________________ i. maintain _____________________________________
e. supervise ________________________ j. write _________________________ for software

11. Create new collocations with the verbs in 10.

12. Use the collocations and describe the people’s job in exercise 9.

Listening 13. Listen to an IT employee telling his new manager about his job.3 (CD 2) – Script on G.Classroom
What do you think he is?

14. Listen again. Tick  the things that usually happen.

1. ( ) Robert checks emails. 2. ( ) Robert has emails waiting for him.
3. ( ) Robert visits people at their desks. 4. ( ) Sales people have problems.
5. ( ) Robert attends meetings. 6. ( ) Robert visits other companies.

15. Listen again. Write these phrases in the correct place in the sentences.
From time to time generally hardly ever
normally occasionally usually
1. ( ) Robert checks emails.
2. ( ) Robert has emails waiting for him.
3. ( ) Robert visits people at their desks.
4. ( ) Sales people have problems.
5. ( ) Robert attends meetings.
6. ( ) Robert visits other companies.

Language 16. Expressing frequency – How often do you…?

100% Always I always study after class.
90% Usually I usually walk to work.
80% Normally/Generally I normally get good marks.
70% Often/Frequently I often read in bed at night.
50% Sometimes I sometimes sing in the shower.
30% Occasionally I occasionally go to bed late.
10% Seldom I seldom put salt on my food
5% Hardly ever / Rarely I hardly ever get angry.
0% Never Vegetarians never eat meat.
Subject + Adverb + Main verb Subject + BE + Adverb
Daniel always passes his exams He is always happy.

Writing 17. Use the expressions and write your answers for the questions: HOW OFTEN DO YOU…?
Use the internet Send a whatsapp message Type on Microsoft Word
Use the computer calculator Speak English Develop software
Play computer games Play cellphone games Delete personal messages
Send e-mails Receive e-mails Call someone

Speaking 18. Talk to a partner about the questions above.

Extra @ctivity  Google Classroom Code: a2fo0y

Reading Strategies Leia o texto abaixo e responda as perguntas propostas.

The Computer System

Do you know what a computer system is? The computer system executes all the functions of a computer. A
standard computer system consists of three basic parts or sections: input units, a processor unit and the
output units.
The function of the input units is to accept both the data and the programs needed for processing and to present them
to the processor unit. The processor unit stores and processes the data, and the output units display the results
obtained from processing.

The most common input units are the keyboard and the mouse. These devices enable data to go into the
computer’s memory.

1. O parágrafo contém 65 palavras, sendo que muitas se repetem. Sublinhe as que são cognatas.
2. Procure no dicionário e anote a tradução das palavras sublinhadas.
3. Resuma com suas palavras o texto que você leu.
4. Responda: Falso cognato é uma palavra que parece
a. Qual a função da unidade de entrada? com uma palavra no português, mas
b. Quais as unidades de entrada mais comuns? significa outra coisa completamente
5. Existe um falso cognato no texto acima. Traduza-o.
Exemplo: exit – saída
Parece com êxito, mas não é.
Listening 1. Listen to two people at an IT conference. Complete this dialogue.

We use at with clock times.
What time does it It starts at 9.15. (nine fifteen/quarter past nine)
start/begin/finish/end? It begins at 8.30. (eight thirty/half past eight)
It finishes at 4.00. (four o'clock)
It ends at 5.05. (five oh five/five past five)
When do you have a break? We have a break at 12.45. (twelve forty-five/a quarter to one)

1. Listen and repeat these times.

1) 7:05 2) 6:45 3) 8 o'clock 4) 10:45 5) 4:35 6) 2:15 7) 12 o'clock 8) 9:50

2. Work in pairs. Ask and answer questions about your daily schedule and breaks.
Make notes.
A: What time/When do you start work? B: I start at 8.00. What about you? A: I begin at... .

3. Tell another pair about your partner's schedule.

Example:... starts work at 8.00 and finishes at 4.00. She has a break at 12.00.

Reading 5. Complete these sentences w i t h the words in the box.

at at in for from

I work in an office (1)__________ Dubai but I'm (2) Canada. I work

___________(3) SAP there. I start work (4)______________ 8.15, have
lunch in a café (5) _______________1.30 and finish about 5.00.

Writing 6. Write three sentences about yourself and your daily schedule.

Translating Daily Activities – Translate the text below.

On Weekdays I usually wake up at 8 am. I stay in bed about 10 minutes before I get up. I wash my face and take a shower.
Then I dry and comb my hair. I have a breakfast at around 8.30. After breakfast I brush my teeth. I get dressed. I leave
home at around 8.50. I take a bus to work. I arrive work at around 9.30. I have a cup of coffee while I read the
newspaper. Then I check my emails and file my papers. I usually make some telephone calls. Then I report to my boss. At
around 1 pm, I have lunch. I usually work on the computer. I have afternoon tea at around 4 pm and eat some snacks. I leave
work at 5.30.I take a train and go to the gym before I go home. I work out for almost an hour. I arrive home at around 7.30.
I get undressed. I take a bath. I get into my pajamas and take the rubbish out. If I don't feel so tired I cook dinner. I have
dinner at around 9. I relax on my couch and watch TV. I wash the dishes and feed my dog. I lock the door and brush my teeth.
At around 11.30 I set the alarm and read a book for about 30 minutes. Then Finally at around 12 pm I turn off the
lights and go to bed.

Writing 7. Write your daily routine.

Speaking 1. Work in small groups. List the IT acronyms you know.

Listening 2. Listen and complete this dialogue.

Andrei: Bob, can you (1)_____________ me, please?

Bob: Sure.
Andrei: I don't understand this acronym. What does it (2) _____________ for?
Bob: Let me see. 'W3'. I'm not sure. Maybe WWW, the World Wide Web.
Andrei: OK. What does P2P stand for?
Bob: (3) _____________ stands for person-to-person.
Andrei: OK. What does IP (4) _____________ ?
Bob: It means Internet Protocol.
Andrei: How do you (5) _____________ 'Protocol'?
Bob: p - r - o - t - o - c - o - l.
Andrei: Thanks.
Bob: You're welcome.
3. Listen t o the letters and repeat them.
bcdegptvz Z /zed/ in British
fImnsxz English and /zee/ in

Speaking 4 Work in pairs. Make a list of acronyms.

Ask and answer questions.
A: What does HTML stand for/mean?
B: It stands for/means ....
1. ASP -- (Application Service Provider) = 10. HTTP -- (HyperText Transfer Protocol) =
2. DHCP -- (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) = 11. IP – Internet Protocol =
3. DHTML -- (Dynamic HyperText Markup Language) = 12. ISP -- (Internet Service Provider) =
4. DNS – (Domain Name System) = 13. IT -- (Information Technology) =
5. DSL -- (Digital Subscriber Line) = 14. JPEG -- (Joint Photographic Experts Group) =
6. FAQ -- (Frequently Asked Questions) = 15. PDF -- (Portable Document Format) =
7. FTP -- (File Transfer Protocol) = 16. URL – Uniform Resource Locator =
8. HDD – Hard Disk Drive = 17. VPN -- (Virtual Private Network) =
9. HTML -- (HyperText Markup Language) =

Reading Strategies Leia a continuação do texto e responda as perguntas propostas.

The processor unit is divided into two main parts: the Central Processing Unit (the CPU) and the main storage unit (the
main memory). The Central Processing Unit is considered the most important component of the computer system. In
other words, the CPU is the brain of the computer. It carries out program instructions and coordinates all the activities
of the other units.
1. O parágrafo contém 62 palavras, sendo que muitas se repetem. Sublinhe as que são cognatas.
2. Pesquise a tradução das palavras destacadas.
3. Resuma com suas palavras o texto que você leu.
4. Responda:
a. A unidade de processamento é divido em quantas e quais partes?
b. Qual a parte mais importante do sistema de computador? Por quê?
The main memory holds the instructions and the data which are currently being processed by the CPU. All computers
have a type of auxiliary or extra storage device: optical (CD, DVD, BlueRay), magnectic (hard drive, floppy disks), flash
(SSD, flash drives, memory cards, memory sticks), online (cloud storage).

1. O parágrafo contém 48 palavras, sendo que muitas se repetem. Sublinhe as que são cognatas.
2. Localize no texto e copie as palavras ou expressões abaixo: principal; guarda as instruções; sendo processados;
por dispositivo de armazenagem; armazenagem na nuvem.
3. Resuma com suas palavras o texto que você leu.
4. Responda:
a. Qual a função da memória principal?
b. Cite cinco exemplos de dispositivos de armazenagem.


Leia o texto abaixo e responda as perguntas propostas. 10 minutos.

Output units enable us to extract the finished product from the system. The computer either shows the output on the
monitor screen or prints the results onto paper by means of a printer or a plotter. The plotter is a computer printer for
printing vector graphics.

Other output devices can present audio and video results such as speakers, headphones, earphones, data projector, etc.

1. O parágrafo contém 63 palavras, sendo que muitas se repetem. Sublinhe as que são cognatas.
2. Localize no texto e copie as palavras ou expressões abaixo: permitem que nós, finalizado, ou mostra... ou
imprime..., por meio de uma impressora, dispositivos de saída, tais como, fones de ouvidos.
3. Resuma com suas palavras o texto que você leu.
4. Responda:
a. O que os dispositivos de saída permitem que nós façamos?
b. Como podemos obter o produto finalizado pelo sistema.
c. Cite dois exemplos de dispositivos de saída


Leia o texto abaixo e responda as perguntas propostas. 10 minutos.

The peripherals are the physical units connected to the computer. They include both input and output devices as well as
storage devices. Peripherals such as a mouse, modems, scanners, optical devices, printers, keyboards, loudspeakers, etc.,
are plugged into the ports on the rear panel of the computer or in the front panel, through USB, VGA, PS2, Ethernet, Audio

1. O parágrafo contém 59 palavras, sendo que muitas se repetem. Sublinhe as que são cognatas.
2. Localize no texto e copie as palavras ou expressões abaixo: ambos, bem como, dispositivos de armazenamento,
tais como, conectados, painel traseiro, através de.
3. Resuma com suas palavras o texto que você leu.
4. Responda:
a. O que são periféricos?
b. O que está incluído nos periféricos?
c. Cite 3 exemplos de portas de conexão de periféricos no computador.