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PROSEDUR KERJA

PRAKTIKUM PATOLOGI ANATOMI : GINJAL

BLOK URINARY SYSTEM II

NAMA : SOFIA NISSA AULIYA

NIM : 21601101107

A. PATOLOGI ANATOMI GINJAL


1. GLOMERULONEFRITIS
a. rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN)

https://geekymedics.com/glomerulonephritis/

b. GLOMERULUS NORMAL

US : Urinary Space

BC : Kapsula Bowman

EA : Arteriol Afferen

AA : Arteriol Afferen
M : Mesangium

RBC : Sel Darah Merah

SUMBER : Stevens and Lowes Human Histology 4th Edition

2. GLOMERULONEFRITIS KRONIS

Chronic glomerulonephritis. The majority of the glomeruli are affected. Depending on the
stage of the disease, they may present different degrees of hyalinization (hyalinosclerosis - total
replacement of glomeruli and Bowmann's space with hyaline). The hyaline is an amorphous
material, pink, homogenous, resulted from combination of plasma proteins, increased
mesangial matrix and collagen. Totally hyalinised glomeruli are atrophic (smaller), lacking
capillaries, hence these glomeruli are non-functional. Few glomeruli may still present changes
which permit to discern the etiology of chronic glomerulonephritis. Obstruction of blood flow
will produce secondary tubular atrophy, interstitial fibrosis and thickening of the arterial wall by
hyaline deposits. In the interstitium is present an abundant inflammatory infiltrate (mostly with
lymphocytes). (Hematoxylin-eosine, ob. x20
http://www.pathologyatlas.ro/chronic-glomerulonephritis.php
http://www.iupui.edu/~pathol/c603_General/labs/Immunopath_Lab/htm/chronic2.htm
3. PYELONEFRITIS KRONIS

https://library.med.utah.edu/WebPath/RENAHTML/RENAL023.html

Sometimes long-standing renal infection may be localized and form a mass-like lesion. This is
a disease known as xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. It is uncommon, but may mimic a
neoplasm
4. HIPERNEFROMA (ADENO CARCINOMA)

G : Normal Glandular Epithelium

C : Carcioma

SUMBER : Stevens and Lowes Human Histology 4th Edition


http://www.pathopedia-
india.com/renal_tumours.htm

Conventional Renal Cell Carcinoma - The tumour is showing a variegated appearance with yellow and
hemorrhagic areas.
5. NEPHROBLASTOMA (WILM’S TUMOR)
6. HIDRONEFROSIS
PROSEDUR KERJA
PRAKTIKUM PATOLOGI ANATOMI : SISTEM REPRODUKSI PRIA
BLOK URINARY SYSTEM II

NAMA : SOFIA NISSA AULIYA


NIM : 21601101107

B. SISTEM REPRODUKSI GENITAL PRIA


1. HIPERPLASIA PROSTAT BENIGNA
2. ADENOKARSINOMA PROSTAT

3. TUBERKULOSIS EPIDIDYMIS
Figure 6: Gross pathological specimen (a) Ventral surface and (b) dorsal surface of right testis and cord
showing chronic granulomatous inflammation with caseous necrosis consistent with tuberculosis.
Spermatic cord showed no significant pathology.

http://www.wajradiology.org/viewimage.asp?img=WestAfrJRadiol_2016_23_1_32_162153_f6.jpg

Figure 1: (a) Tuberculous epididymitis: Smear showing epithelioid cell granuloma [arrow] against caseous
necrotic background (Pap stain, x400). (b) Smear showing only caseous necrosis and inset showing acid-fast
tubercle bacilli [arrowhead] (Ziehl Neelsen stain, x1000). (c) Gross of epididymal nodule showing foci of
yellow cheesy necrosis. (d) Histopathology of the nodule showing epithelioid granulomas (arrow) (H and E,
x400)

http://www.jcytol.org/viewimage.asp?img=JCytol_2011_28_3_103_83463_f1.jpg
4. SEMINOMA TESTIS

5. TERATOMA TESTIS