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NATIONAL GRID

Title: Index Number:


CL-NG-6460-002-018
Checklist for Commissioning of Oil-Immersed Power Transformer Page Number:
1 of 8

1.1 Equipment General Data and Information

Substation
Bay/Panel
Equipment Serial No

1.2 Mechanical check and Visual Inspection

Item Description Done Remarks


Check the impact Recorder for any abnormal
1.
impact, caused during Transportation.
2. Check all components are installed.
3. Frequency responses test.
Check quality of paint, lifting lugs, quality of
4.
weld areas rust spots and wheel stoppers.
Check nameplates information (visible place)
as per contract specifications. Rating Plate
5.
should be weather Proof and in Visible
position.
Check tightness of all bolts (torque wrench
6. method), as per Torque Chart which will be
normally available near the name plate.
Check that all groundings are securely
connected.
7.
(at least two grounding points to main tank
are available)
A two-stage Buchholz relay shall be
provided for the tank and located in the pipe
(with a slope of pipe not less than 1 in 12)
8. from the reactor tank leading to the
conservator. Confirm that the relay is in
service position, after completing the Test-If
Buchholz Relay is available.
Check that the tank pressure is positive. ( if
9.
applicable )
Check the valves between the tank and
10. radiator are in open position with indication
clearly showing its position.
11. Check the HV – LV and Tertiary (if
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NATIONAL GRID

Title: Index Number:


CL-NG-6460-002-018
Checklist for Commissioning of Oil-Immersed Power Transformer Page Number:
2 of 8

applicable) bushing for any damage and


completeness.
Check the color (violet-Blue) and quantity of
12. silica gel in breather and oil cup level up to
the indicated mark.
Check phase marking in cable box and it
13.
should match with GIS and cables.
Check all pipes – hoses and fan protection
14.
(not rubber or plastic).
Check the vertical – horizontal clearances of
15. live parts to adjacent grounded point to
conform standard.
Confirm that the bellow (Elastic air bag) if
available in the Conservator tank has been
16.
filled with Nitrogen. The dial marking shall
show 250C level & high/ low levels.
Perform all of the manufacturer specific
17.
checks.
Check labeling of all auxiliary devices as per
18.
approved drawing.
Check proper operation of all auxiliary
devices as following:
a. Tap changer (upper – lower – out of step
and interlock)-By hand cranking and by
motor operated.
b. Oil Level Indicator (during pressure test).
c. Oil Temperature Indicator.
d. Winding Temperature Indicator.
e. OLTC Oil / Gas surge (pressure) relay-
Confirm that the relay is in service position,
after completing the Test.
19.
f. Pressure relief device.
g. Push buttons and indicators.
h. Oil sampling port (main tank – OLTC).
i. Upper and lower main tank valves.
j. Tap changer diverter switch compartment,
oil filtering pumps and filter in good condition
(if available).
k. Buchholz relay.
l. Check on line insulating oil dissolved gas
and moisture monitoring system (if
applicable )
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NATIONAL GRID

Title: Index Number:


CL-NG-6460-002-018
Checklist for Commissioning of Oil-Immersed Power Transformer Page Number:
3 of 8

Check Leak testing with pressure for liquid


immersed transformers (tightness test):- The
transformer manufacturer shall perform an
agreed test to prove the transformer tank will
not leak in service. If there is no agreement,
20. a pressure of at least 30 kPa over the
normal.
liquid pressure shall be applied and
maintained for 24 h for transformers greater
than 20 MVA or 72,5 kV, and 8 h for
transformers of lower rating and voltage.
Check that the oil sampling devices are
21.
reachable from ground level.
Check oil level indicator has a diameter of
the dial is about 210mm. The dial markings
show 25ºC level as well as the high and low
22.
oil levels. Check the indicator is provided
with low and high level alarm and trip
contacts.
Bleed trapped air at the bushing turrets and
tank top. Before energization, it should be
confirmed that the air has been released
23. from all the air pockets provided in the
Transformer. This will avoid the freakish
operation Buchholz relay due to inrush
current.
a. Check Winding Temperature Indicator has a
dial type indicator with a maximum indicating
pointer. The dial marking shall be 20 to
160°C with ±0.5% accuracy.
b. Four (4) individually adjustable sets of
contacts shall be available for the control of
fans, alarm and trip functions. The contacts
24.
for the control of fans and pumps shall be
wired to available terminal points for future
use.
c. The sensing element shall be supplied by
CTs installed on the central phase of the
winding.
d. Check it is mounted in outdoor cabinet

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NATIONAL GRID

Title: Index Number:


CL-NG-6460-002-018
Checklist for Commissioning of Oil-Immersed Power Transformer Page Number:
4 of 8

a. Check Oil Temperature Indicator with The


dial marking shall cover a range of 20 to
160ºC with ±0.5% accuracy.
b. Four (4) individually adjustable sets of
contacts shall be available for the control of
25.
fans, alarm and trip functions. The contacts
for the control of fans and pumps shall be
wired to available terminal points for future
use.
c. Check it is mounted in outdoor cabinet.
Tank and accessories shall be designed
without pockets where in gas may not
26. collect. Where pockets cannot be avoided
pipes shall be provided to vent the gas into
main expansion pipe
Check flow of oil in flow meter in correct
27.
direction and proper rate (if applicable)
Check all external wiring for correctness and
28.
tightness.
Check on line insulating oil dissolved gas
29.
and moisture monitoring system (if installed )
Check that the temperature sensors oil well
30.
is two thirds filled with oil.
Check and measure Neutral Grounding
31.
Resister (NGR) provided in the NGR panel.
Check that the each optical feed through unit
32. is properly connected to the ports of Hot spot
temperature measuring device

1.3 Electrical Tests

Item Description Done Remarks


Check of core and frame insulation: at 1 kV
DC. Inside the Transformer, the tank, frame
and core are insulated to each other and the
terminals are brought out side and
1. connected by a link. The link should be
removed and tested at 1 KV DC (or as
recommended by the manufacturer). Then
the link should be replaced and connected to
earth pit (Should be at ground potential).
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Title: Index Number:


CL-NG-6460-002-018
Checklist for Commissioning of Oil-Immersed Power Transformer Page Number:
5 of 8

Winding Insulation Resistance and


Polarization Index test at 5 kV DC. The
Insulation Resistance value and Polarization
Index(>1.5) between HV bushing to LV
2.
bushing, HV bushing to Ground, and LV
bushing to Ground are measured by DC
megger. The applied voltage shall not be
more than the rated voltage of the winding.
Measurement of winding resistance (DC) (at
all taps) (winding temperature shall be
recorded; winding resistance shall be
referred to 75°C). The measured winding DC
3.
resistance should be kept as future
reference value for comparing the DC
resistance whenever over hauling of
Transformer is taken.
Measurement of no load current (Excitation
Current) from primary side at each tap by
applying 220 or 380 VAC on the HV terminal
keeping the LV winding open. OCC-test
4.
should be done on star side, as
measurement in Delta side will not give
accurate measurement of magnetizing
current-If possible.
Measurement of dissipation factor (tan δ) of
5.
the insulation system capacitances.
6. Vector group at normal tap.
a. Winding temperature indicator to be
calibrated by heating the sensor in oil
bath and check against standard
thermometer. Also check by current
7.
injection, Check pick up/ Drop off of
contacts.
b. Proper setting as per drawing to be
applied and tested.
Oil temperature indicator to be calibrated by
heating the sensor in oil bath and check
8.
against standard thermometer. Setting as
per drawing to be applied and tested.
Percentage impedance (Short circuit
9. impedance) test is at lower tap, normal tap
and higher tap.
10. Measurement of turns ratio (for all taps).
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NATIONAL GRID

Title: Index Number:


CL-NG-6460-002-018
Checklist for Commissioning of Oil-Immersed Power Transformer Page Number:
6 of 8

Check for current and voltage ratings of all


motors for tap changer, oil filtering unit and
11. fans match to SEC standard supply.
MCB’s for protection are set at proper over
load settings.
Fan motors current (starting, running, one
phase removal and locked rotor) shall be
measured and checked against rating .check
12.
if wiring size suitable to carry the current.
Check vibration, sound and proper position
of fan blade shield (cover).
Check fan running direction to get air flow
towards radiator and Phase sequence of
13.
supply voltage to fan motors circuits is
correct.
Check MCBs in marshalling kiosk by current
14.
injection.
Tests on on-load tap-changers ─ Operation
test
a. check current and voltage ratings of tap
changer motor
b. Raise / Lower Control (Local – Remote)
and indication.
c. End of Tap Travel Control.
d. End of winding travel control (both
ends).
e. Check that the windings are not open
circuit during tap changing.
f. Check OLTC manual operation by hand
15.
crank
g. Check insertion of hand crank
automatically prevent electrical motor
drive operation.
h. Check OLTC tap position indicator&
operation counter
i. OLTC motor load current to be
measured for future reference purposes.
j. Check all transmitters.
k. OLTC operation, checking and testing
shall be done as recommended in OLTC
Manual provided by the manufacturer.
16. Bushing Current Transformer
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Title: Index Number:


CL-NG-6460-002-018
Checklist for Commissioning of Oil-Immersed Power Transformer Page Number:
7 of 8

a. Polarity test
b. Insulation Resistant test
c. Secondary Winding Resistant (All
windings and all taps).
d. Current Ratio test
e. Magnetization Characteristics (Minimum 5
points below and 2 points above the knee
point.
f. Verify secondary circuits, Terminals to
Terminal.
g. Burden Test.
h. Demagnetize CT cores after all tests.
i. Ensure that No open circuit at Secondary
side.
j. Ensure that the CTs are identical in all
phases.
Functional Check of the following :-
a. Liquid Level indicator (alarm/ trip) as
applicable.
b. Oil Temperature Device: Fans / pumps
(stop, start alarm/ trip)
c. Winding Temperature Device (alarm/
trip).
d. Buchholz Relay (alarm/ trip).

e. Oil / Gas Surge (pressure) relay (alarm/


17.
trip).
f. Pressure Relief Device (alarm/ trip) as
per design.
g. Rapid Pressure (Rise) Relay as per
manufacturer testing procedure (if
applicable).
h. On line insulating oil dissolved gas and
moisture monitoring system.
i. Humidity/thermo meters for the heater of
local panel are at correct settings.
Oil Test
Prior to energization, contractor should
submit test report for insulation sample
18.
tested in an independent lab. For the
following :
a. Dielectric strength
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NATIONAL GRID

Title: Index Number:


CL-NG-6460-002-018
Checklist for Commissioning of Oil-Immersed Power Transformer Page Number:
8 of 8

i) ( 2.5mm Gap ) for unprocessed oil


and for OLTC oil
ii) ( 1 mm gap ) for oil in main tank
b. Neutralization Number
c. Interfacial Tension
d. Color
e. Moisture Content
f. Dissipation Factor Test
g. Dissolved Gas in Oil Analysis
h. (Dielectric Dissipation Factor,
Resistivity, Sediment and / OR
Perceptible Sludge).
Another oil sample shall be given to SEC
transmission for their own analysis and
compression purpose.
The oil sample should be taken by
contractor using syringe from the oil
A main tank insulation oil sample for
dissolved gas analysis shall be taken
19. immediately prior to first energizing a power
transformer and another sample three days
after continuous energization.
Measurement of zero-sequence
20.
impedance(s)
Insulation resistance of control wires (1000
VDC for one minute). Check number of core
21.
and number of strands as per field
requirement and specification.
22. Magnetic balance test.

CSD Contractor T&C Contractor


Name
Sign.

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