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“We shape

our buildings,

thereafter

they shape us.”

NHA Standard Housing Models

TRAINING MANUAL

FIRST EDITION

Published By:

NATIONAL HOUSING AUTHORITY

HOUSING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT OFFICE

2017

A C K N O W L E D G M E N T

The National Housing Authority (NHA) expresses its gratitude to the following agencies and individual who in one way or another have contributed in the compilation and preparation of this TRAINING MANUAL:

Accreditation of Innovative Technologies for Housing (AITECH) Committee

Chair

Leoncio B. Evasco, Jr. Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC)

Members

Leilani D.L. Del Prado CIAP Representative

Judy F. Sese

DPWH-BRS Representative

Maria Teresita G. Del Rosario

DTI-BPS Representative

Maria Imelda E. Fabros

HDMF Representative

Ariel M. Laurente

HGC Representative

Julius H. Tan

HLURB Representative

Avelino D. Tolentino

Mr. Wilson A Tabuton

HUDCC Representative

Maria Benita O. Regala

NHA Representative

Raymundo H. Habal PCIEERD-DOST Representative

Rubirosa M. Alvarado

NHMFC Representative

Fernando J. Germar

UP-BRS

Bureau of DesignDepartment of Public Works and Highways

Raul C. Asis

Undersecretary for Technical Services, DPWH

Dante B. Potante

Director of Bureau of Design, DPWH

Mariano C. Del Castillo

Former Division Chief of Architectural Design, BOD-DPWH

Josephine P. Isturis

Engineer V, Chief Buildings Division, BOD-DPWH

Technology Proponents

• Concrete Ventures Group, Inc.

• Ecostrong Builders Corporation / Sterling Construction & Development

Corporation

• Nedsteel Construction & Development Corporation

• Next Century Building Systems, Inc.

• Paligid Development Corporation

• Permaforms, Inc.

• SKS Construction and Development Corporation

• SRC Int’l Panel System, Inc.

• United Steel Technology Corporation

FOREWORD

Socialized housing, and its desired outcome of community-building, has

always had a special significance in every Philippine president’s socio-economic agenda, the current administration included.

The Duterte Administration’s vision of serving the multitude of homeless

Filipino low-income families is guided by the constitution, with its provisions stating that the prime duty of the government is to serve and protect the people, protect life, liberty and property, and promote the general welfare of

the people.

What better way to abide by the constitutional mandate than to provide safe, livable and enduring urban and rural housing communities to the greatest

number of people. As much as possible utilizing the latest housing technologies,

and leveraging these and the leadership and people trained in optimizing their benefits, to produce in massive numbers modern, affordable and climate- change resilient housing structures.

It all starts from enhancing and building capabilities in the long, medium and short terms. A strong and effective shelter capability will combine the essential ingredients of leadership, regulations, training, innovation, quality and application of technologies and materials development, and ensure that housing in the 21 st century will depart from the rough-shod construction and squalid appearance of low-cost housing sites in the past.

MARCELINO P. ESCALADA, JR.
MARCELINO P. ESCALADA, JR.

The manual and the hands-on training roll-

out recognize the mistakes, gaps and short-cuts of

the past. Adopting new housing technologies will lessen vulnerabilities of home sites affected by poor materials, techniques and construction.

With the production of the manual and the roll-out of hands-on training on new housing

technologies, we have set our sight in achieving a

uniform way addressing our need for cost-efficient

housing technologies, processes and concepts, roles and functions, and unity of action.

Indeed,

building

up

our

capabilities

through training and adopting standardized

approaches should help us go beyond our “silos”,

and make us better builders of society.

General Manager National Housing Authority

MESSAGE

Government is constantly faced with the challenge to provide

decent yet cost-efficient homes to the underprivileged sector of our

society. Thus, the need to look out for innovative visionaries is an integral part of our duty.

This reference material for housing construction is a comparison of

products in research, technology, innovation and modernization. The training manual for AITECH accredited and DPWH approved building technologies serves as a guide for all stakeholders in the housing sector.

The National Housing Authority (NHA) has taken the lead to explain proper construction methodologies and details to achieve safe, affordable, resilient and decent housing for the marginalized sector.

Let this publication encourage more

people to invent and innovate for the

greater good. More importantly, the

information contained in this manual should be put to good use. The Translation of these instructions to practice will benefit the poor

that we are committed to serve.

Mabuhay!

LEONCIO B. EVASCO, JR. Cabinet Secretary
LEONCIO B. EVASCO, JR.
Cabinet Secretary

Coordinating Council Chair

Housing and Urban Development

MESSAGE

There is something that designers, builders, students, professionals and

other concerned partners in the housing industry should look forward to.

The National Housing Authority (NHA) has developed a Training Manual

on the use of New Technologies for NHA Housing Projects. The Manual includes various AITECH accredited Technologies with explanation on the proper construction methodologies, and construction details aimed in achieving safe,

affordable, resilient and decent housing for marginalized sector. It specifically

focuses on construction and connection details for better understanding of resiliency principles in design and construction.

The

intent

of

this

manual

is

to

serve as

reference material for better understanding of new and innovate building technologies that could be

used in housing projects both in

 

private and

government sectors.

Thank you and Congratulations!

MESSAGE There is something that designers, builders, students, professionals and other concerned partners in the housing
ENGR. DANTE B. POTANTE
ENGR. DANTE B. POTANTE

Director, Bureau of Design Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH)

MESSAGE

It is my pleasure to present to you this first edition of the Training Manual on the Use of New Technologies for NHA Housing Projects. This manual accompanies the hands-on trainings conducted and will be conducted by HTDO with the technology proponent for NHA employees and contractors involved in the construction of projects that utilize such AITECH-accredited systems or materials for housing, as required under NHA Memorandum Circular No. 2016-120. The training and this manual are essential components towards achieving the desired benefits of the technologies in housing through teaching of their proper installation and methodology of application.

We encourage users of these technologies to abide by existing

standards and requirements and to conform to prescribed conditions in

applying them, so that we can continue on the track of upgrading the housing delivery for the public. We acknowledge the proponents for providing the alternative solutions in this important government mission. While we usually

associate technology with high costs, it may surprise some of us that non-

conventional systems and materials that are better in most physical aspects can actually be more cost effective. However, it takes due diligence for assessing how any of the features of a technology could bring about more advantage, especially for our lower income fellow Filipinos. That is why the AITECH Committee has devised and continually improves the tools for properly evaluating proposed technologies from our country and abroad.

We look forward to a continued upgrading of building systems and materials, the necessary skills,

evaluation tools, and even our own acceptance to

new ways of doing things. Then, maybe we can see that day when housing backlog is just a thing of the

past.

Lastly, I would like to thank my HTDO Team for

making this Training Manual possible.

MESSAGE It is my pleasure to present to you this first edition of the Training Manual
MESSAGE It is my pleasure to present to you this first edition of the Training Manual

AR. MARIA BENITA O. REGALA, FUAP, ASEAN ARCHITECT

Department Manager, HTDO Editor-in-Chief

NATIONAL HOUSING AUTHORITY

VISION

By 2019, NHA would have provided 50% of the housing needs for

homeless low-income families (based on the 2011 census) primarily those living in

waterways, danger areas, and government infrastructure project sites in Metro

Manila and all regions nationwide.

We provide decent, adequate, and affordable housing to low-income

families, ensure the provision of community facilities, utilities, and access to social services and economic opportunities.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

BACKGROUND OF THE AITECH

———————————————————–——

18

AITECH PROCESS FLOWCHART —————————————————————--- SUMMARY OF DPWH-APPROVED HOUSING MODELS W/ AITECH ACCREDITED

22

TECHNOLOGIES —————————————————————————-

23

MEMORANDUM CIRCULAR 2016-020: Guidelines for Construction Using AITECH Accredited New Technologies —————————————––

28

CHECKLIST FOR CONSTRUCTION TEMPLATE ————————————–———-

37

CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGIES OF AITECH ACCREDITED TECHNOLOGIES

A. ONE-TWO STOREY LOFTABLES

ECO KEY SYSTEM by Paligid Development Corporation ——————–— 46

LIGHT GAUGE STEEL FRAMES by Nedsteel Construction & Devt.Corp.

61

PERMAFORMS by Permaforms Inc. —————————————————-

71

PLASWALL by Ecostrong Builders Corporation/STERLING Construction & Development Corporation ————————————————–————

88

SKS STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMING SYSTEM by SKS Construction & Devt. Corp.————————–-

96

STEELTECH ROOFING SYTEM by United Steel Technology Corp. ——–--

109

B. LOW-RISE BUILDINGS

C-JOIST by Concrete Ventures Group Inc. —————————————

123

EMMEDUE/M2 PANELS by Next Century Building Systems Inc. ————–

134

SRC PANELS by SRC Int’l Panel System Inc. —————————–———-

144

ANNEXES HANDS-ON TRAINING 1: MAY 11-15, 2015 ———————————————–——–—— 156

HANDS-ON TRAINING 2 (TACLOBAN): JUNE 22-24, 2015 ————–——————–---

159

HANDS-ON TRAINING 3 (BACOLOD): NOVEMBER 24-26, 2015 ————–—–——–---

162

HANDS-ON TRAINING 4 (ECO KEY SYSTEM): DEC. 16, 2015 & JAN. 8, 2016———–--

164

HANDS-ON TRAINING 5 (NCR): MARCH 9-11, 2016 ——————————-——–--——

166

HANDS-ON TRAINING 6 (LEYTE): MARCH 10-12, 2016 ————————–—---———

168

PROPONENT’S DIRECTORY ————————————————————————————

174

BACKGROUND

AITECH stands for Accreditation of Innovative Technologies for Housing. It

is a system for accrediting innovative technologies for housing. AITECH was conceived as a result of the numerous building technologies that have been developed in the last few years using non-traditional or alternative materials and systems. Cognizant of their potential in reducing over-all housing costs, it has become imperative to accredit these innovative technologies for low-cost housing.

AITECH responds to queries and requests from private manufacturers of

indigenous and innovative building materials/systems for technical and

engineering evaluation leading to accreditation of these products. The AITECH Inter-Agency Committee reviews and accredits the technologies.

The AITECH Committee is composed of the following agencies:

BACKGROUND AITECH stands for Accreditation of Innovative Technologies for Housing. It is a system for accrediting

Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council

(HUDCC)

18

BACKGROUND AITECH stands for Accreditation of Innovative Technologies for Housing. It is a system for accrediting

National Housing Authority

(NHA)

BACKGROUND AITECH stands for Accreditation of Innovative Technologies for Housing. It is a system for accrediting
BACKGROUND AITECH stands for Accreditation of Innovative Technologies for Housing. It is a system for accrediting

Department of Science and Technology

(DOST)

Home Guaranty Corporation

(HGC)

Department of Public Works and Highways

(DPWH)

Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board

(HLURB)

Home Development Mutual Fund

(HDMF)

National Home Mortgage Finance Corporation

(NHMFC)

19

Construction Industry Authority of the Philippines (CIAP) Department of Trade and Industry – Bureau of Product

Construction Industry Authority of the Philippines

(CIAP)

Construction Industry Authority of the Philippines (CIAP) Department of Trade and Industry – Bureau of Product

Department of Trade and Industry Bureau of Product Standards (DTI BPS)

Construction Industry Authority of the Philippines (CIAP) Department of Trade and Industry – Bureau of Product

University of the Philippines Building Research Service (UP BRS)

The HUDCC is the chairman of the Committee while NHA serves as the secretariat

In the aftermath of Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan), there was a huge

demand for building materials and labor, due to the devastation on public and private infrastructure brought on by the typhoon. The NHA had to find ways to address this concern in order to meet the housing demand. Concurrently, there

was also an influx of offers for new technologies, systems and materials to

AITECH. Most of the offers were wall systems & roofing materials. As an added measure, the NHA through HTDO was directed to consult the Bureau of Design, DPWH for reviews of the structural plans using the systems/materials.

As a result, twenty (20) different models using different technologies were evaluated and approved by the DPWH (refer page 23) likewise a Memorandum Circular 2016-20 “Guidelines For Construction Using AITECH Accredited Technologies” was issued to guide end-users on the proper use and application of new technologies (refer page 28). This also included the template for the checklist of Construction in order to educate end-users on the proper methodology of each of the technologies (refer page 37).

Purpose of the Training Manual

This Training Manual was published to educate NHA Technical Staff as well as developer/contractors who will be using the technologies of the proper construction methodologies of DPWH approved housing models with AITECH accredited technologies/systems/building materials for typhoon reconstruction

projects and other NHA projects. This is to ensure proper application of the said

technologies/systems. The publication of this Training Manual is in coordination

with the technology providers of the said housing models.

PROCESS FLOW CHART

ACCREDITATION OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR HOUSING (AITECH)

PROPONENT NHA OTHER AGENCIES AITECH Secretariat receives Submits AITECH Accredita- tion Application application and reviews at-
PROPONENT
NHA
OTHER AGENCIES
AITECH Secretariat receives
Submits AITECH Accredita-
tion Application
application and reviews at-
tached documents if complete
If documents are
complete
Pays fee and returns
copy of receipt
AITECH Secretariat issues Order
V
of Payment for Evaluation Fee
NHA-HTDO evaluates structural
design/cost evaluation or seek
assistance of support agencies
Forward to DPWH, ASEP for com-
plicated structural analysis, and/
or to UP-BRS/DPWH-BRS/DOST for
testing
AITECH Secretariat prepares
Consolidated Report and
Recommendation to be
submitted to GM for endorse-
ment to HUDCC Chair
GM to endorse the recommen-
dation for AITECH Accreditation
to HUDCC Chair
HUDCC Chair approves recom-
mendation and signs AITECH Ac-
creditation Certificate
Receives signed/approved
Secures approved AITECH
Accreditation Certificate and
informs Proponent

* Yearly monitoring of the accredited technology is being conducted by AITECH

 

AITECH ACCREDITED TECHNOLOGIES WITH DPWH APPROVAL (FOR YOLANDA PROJECTS)

 

MODEL

PROPONENT/ AGENCY

COST PER UNIT

Proposed 28.60 sq.m.

PermaForms Inc. / Realm

Php196,244.32

Bungalow Design as

Homebuilders Incorporated

Another Option for

Permanent Housing Yolanda Project

22

sq.m. Rowhouse with

PermaForms Inc. / Realm

Php195,000.09

Loft Provision

Homebuilders Incorporated

22

sq.m. Loftable

Nedsteel Construction and

End Unit =

Rowhouse

Development Corporation

Php158,439.47

(NCDC)

 

Regular Unit =

Php136,038.17

26

sq.m. Single Storey

Nedsteel Construction and

Php 194,999.31

Row House

Development Corporation (NCDC)

28.4 sq.m. Single Storey Row House

Nedsteel Construction and Development Corporation (NCDC)

Php 205,949.81

AITECH ACCREDITED TECHNOLOGIES WITH DPWH APPROVAL (FOR YOLANDA PROJECTS)

 
 

MODEL

PROPONENT/ AGENCY

COST PER UNIT

26

sq.m Single Storey

Paligid Development

Php 194,999.30

Rowhouse

Corp.

22

sq.m. Loftable Row

Ecostrong Builders

Regular Unit = Php

House for Typhoon

Corporation

170,501.92

Yolanda Victims

 
 

End Unit (Stand alone) = Php 214,419.28

22

sq.m. Loftable Row

E. Florentino 3 +

Php 187,716.30

House

Associates

26

sq.m. Single Storey

SKS Construction and

Regular Unit = Php

Row House

Development

194,999.88

With Bedroom

Corporation

26

sq.m. Single Storey

SKS Construction and

Regular Unit = Php

Row House Without Bedroom

Development Corporation

192,363.82

28.4 sq.m Single Storey Rowhouse

SKS Construction and Development Corporation

Php 201, 893.51

22

Sq.M Monolithic

Dazzling Lite Enterprises

Php 195,000.00

Dome House

 
  • 21 Sq.M. Duplex Housing

Jose Cris Builders

Php150,127.

Model

98

  • 22 Sq.M. Lofted Rowhouse

Jose Cris Builders

Php

For Typhoon Yolanda Victims

200,000.00

  • 26 Inquina Development

sq.m. Rowhouse

Php

Corporation

194,999.00

 

USING CONVENTIONAL MATERIALS

MODEL

PROPONENT/ AGENCY

COST PER UNIT

sq.m. with Loft

  • 22 NHA

Php219,723.63

Rowhouse for Typhoon Yolanda Victims

  • 2 Architectural Design by NHA

Storey LRB

For Estimate

Structural Design by DPWH

  • 3 Architectural Design by NHA Structural Design by DPWH

Storey LRB

For Estimate

28.40 sq.m. Rowhouse for

Goldenville Realty Dev’t.

Corp.

Php194,790.96

Typhoon Yolanda Victims

27

sq. m. Single Detached

(Bamboo House) - Palawan

Habitat for Humanity

Php

Philippines

225,121.95

 

MATERIALS FOR HOUSING

NAME OF PROPONENT

TECHNOLOGY

STATUS

FRANCISCO J. NAKPIL

FENA Roof Anchor System (Alternative to J-Bolt)

Technology is found technically appropriate to make roofing

 

structures resilient;

DPWH interposes no objection to its use as an alternative material

ROBIG BUILDERS AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION /

Rib-type galvanized iron roofing and Hook-type bolt

Approved by the DPWH

UNITED STEEL

TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL CORP

OFIC PHILIPPINES, INC.

Onduline Roofing

Approved by the DPWH

Material

as alternative to G.I. roofing

HANDS-ON TRAINING SEMINAR FOR DPWH-APPROVED & AITECH ACCREDITED TECHNOLOGIES FOR TYPHOON YOLANDA

The Hands-On Training Seminar was created to educate NHA technical

staff and other developers/contractors who will be using the technologies of the proper construction methodologies of DPWH-approved housing models with

AITECH accredited technologies/systems/building materials for typhoon

reconstruction projects and other NHA projects. This is to ensure proper application of the said technologies/systems. The Hands-On Training Seminar was done in coordination with the technical providers of the said housing

models.

MATERIALS FOR HOUSING NAME OF PROPONENT TECHNOLOGY STATUS FRANCISCO J. NAKPIL FENA Roof Anchor System (Alternative

NHA MEMORANDUM CIRCULAR 2016-020

SUBJECT : GUIDELINES FOR CONSTRUCTION USING AITECH ACCREDITED NEW TECHNOLOGIES

In view of the need to orient and educate end-users of AITECH accredited new technologies, there is hereby a need for the issuance of these guidelines. Specific actions

for the proper use and application of said technologies are herein provided to ensure

compliance to correct construction methodologies based on AITECH approval.

1. BACKGROUND

1.1 The Accreditation of Innovative Technologies for Housing Inter-Agency

Committee or simply “AITECH” shall act as a review and approving body for

applications for accreditation of innovative technologies appropriate for housing, in securing acceptance of their products or systems in the market as well as to make these technologies eligible for funding acceptance under government housing programs. It is chaired by the HUDCC.

Membership and Functions of the Committee:

The member of the Committee shall perform the following functions:

HUDCC shall stand as the lead agency for the Committee and as such the HUDCC Chairman shall be the signing authority for the accreditation certificate.

NHA The National Housing Authority shall act or serve as the AITECH Secretariat for the Committee, and the agency involved with the structural and economic evaluation of new technology systems appropriate for socialized, economic, medium, and high-end housing project with the following specific functions:

-To review the consistency of pertinent documents required for

accreditation before payment of the required fees; -To refer necessary testing/evaluation to the proper AITECH member agencies upon payment of the required fees; -To coordinate regular Committee meetings and other for a; -To perform other administrative functions related to accreditation.

DOST as the agency in charge of conducting material testing and evaluation involving the physical, mechanical and other related properties and

recommend innovative materials/technologies for construction application.

HGC as the agency concerned with the appraisal of housing models utilizing innovative building technologies/materials.

HDMF/NHMFC as the government financing institutions that shall accept accredited technologies.

HLURB as the regulatory agency tasked with the monitoring accredited technologies on its compliance with housing standards based on the latest IRR of BP 220 and PD 957, and PD 1096.

UP-BRS as an alternative testing facility and evaluating agency concerned with the overall technical feasibility of technologies.

DPWH as an alternative evaluating agency on structural designs of low-storey, medium to high rise housing, testing of materials pertaining to other technologies for infrastructure (i.e. roads, bridges); and validation of laboratory test reports from its accredited testing laboratories.

CIAP as the agency tasked with dissemination of information; as well as the inclusion of applicable technologies in the Modular Coordination System.

DTI-BPS as the agency tasked with monitoring of quality production; information dissemination on new construction materials as well as the development of standards.

  • 1.2 The Amended Implementing Guidelines on the Accreditation of Innovative Technologies for Housing dated 27 August 2003 also mandates the AITECH to act as a monitoring body to ensure that the accredited technology/ system/building materials is/are being used in accordance to the proponent’s approved proposal.

  • 1.3 I n line with the above, two (2) hands-on training workshops and seminars were conducted. The first one was held at the NHA Compound, Elliptical

Road, Diliman, Quezon City, from 11-15 May 2015. The second one was held

in Leyte-Samar Project Office, Calanipawan Road, Sagkahan, Tacloban City, from 22-25 June 2015. The training included (a) lecture presentation by the technology providers, and (b) on-site demonstration construction to familiarize the participants on the proper application and construction methodologies. Participants included NHA technical personnel including project team heads, staff, contractors/developers who will be using said technologies.

  • 2. OBJECTIVES

The guidelines are hereby issued with the following objectives:

  • 2.1 To ensure the quality and proper application of new technologies which are AITECH accredited in all NHA housing projects;

  • 2.2 To provide uniform guidelines to NHA project implementors and inspectors on the proper use of the technologies.

  • 2.3 To establish and maintain a reliable AITECH monitoring system.

  • 3. COVERAGE

These guidelines shall cover all current and future NHA housing projects using AITECH accredited technology/system/building materials. These shall also

cover the three-phases of construction.

4. PRE-CONSTRUCTION PHASE

4.1 There shall be a mandatory coordination meeting among NHA personnel, both from HTDO and from Project Implementing Team, AITECH technology

proponent or supplier and the contractors who will use the technology prior

to actual construction.

4.2

A

hands-on

training

seminar

and

workshop

shall

scheduled prior to actual construction.

be

conducted

and

The Housing Technology Development Office (HTDO), together with the accredited technology proponent shall conduct training for the NHA employees and the contractors before using the new technology.

Training shall highlight the proper installation and methodology of the technology. Certificates shall be awarded to those who completed the trainings. Contractors who are not issued certificates of training

completion will not be allowed to implement the new technology.

The site where the hands-on training will be conducted shall be identified by the NHA project team leader.

Participants shall be identified at least two (2) weeks prior to the conduct

of the training, the list of which must be submitted to HTDO, and forwarded to HRMD, and for approval of the General Manager.

A checklist for construction shall be provided by the technology proponent to the NHA and the contractor for compliance and to be used as a monitoring and inspection tool by NHA project implementors (see Annex A).

All expenses incurred in the preparation and conduct of the hands-on training and seminar workshop shall be for the account of the proponent and contractor as agreed between them.

6.6

Vertical bars should be tied at the bottom of the panels to ensure non-

  • 5. CONSTRUCTION PHASE

    • 5.1 The technology proponents/suppliers shall submit to NHA copies of the certification every quarter for the project made by the contractors/ developers to authenticate that the items purchased are from the accredited proponents. The contractor/developer shall attach said purchase orders to the billing documents to be submitted to the NHA Project Officer in charge of the project.

    • 5.2 The construction checklist shall be used by the NHA project implementers and which shall likewise include notes observation and findings on the critical points for construction of the technology (see Annex B).

    • 5.3 Sanctions shall be set should errors be made in actual installation of the new technology, in the form of possible revocation of the certificate awarded to the technology provider or non-payment of the accomplishment of the contractor by the NHA Project Implementing Team (NPIT).

  • 6. INSTRUCTIONS FOR COMPLIANCE DURING ACTUAL CONSTRUCTION

    • 6.1 Execution of designs must strictly conform to the plans as approved by the NHA and/or the DPWH as the case may be.

    • 6.2 Tests like soil compaction tests, compression tests, etc. should strictly be observed by the contractor and copies of the results duly submitted to the Project Office.

    • 6.3 Field density test shall be required per block, and costs shall be included in the indirect cost.

    • 6.4 Compaction is critical and should be observed prior to actual construction.

    • 6.5 For panel technologies like Plaswall and Permaforms, starter bars should be aligned with the spacers within the panel.

  • movement and also to avoid pilferage.

    • 6.7 Utilities (electrical piping and plumbing) should be well secured to avoid movement within the panel. Fixed sockets should be included in the specifications.

    • 6.8 On-site fabrication of panel technologies (e.g. Plaswall and Permaforms, or similar) by the contractor/developer shall no longer be allowed. For the protection of the technology and to ensure right methodology, the supplier should strictly fabricate the panels or strictly supervise fabrication on site by their qualified personnel.

    • 6.9 Material specifications (e.g. thickness of the boards to be used as permanentformworks for panels) should be uniform and in accordance to approved plansand specifications.

      • 6.10 A set basis for the concrete mixture where contractors can derive from shall beestablished. A trial mix should be required from the contractor, to check the mixture, strength, and slump, prior to pouring.

      • 6.11 Concrete mixtures that need to be modified according to locally available sand or aggregates, or any modifications made in the design mix should first be approved by the field office before implementation. Design mix per approved specification must be used for the project as agreed during construction meeting.

      • 6.12 Boards for permanent formworks with at least 4.5mm thickness should beinstalled horizontally to allow pouring at the recommended height. The pouring should only be done at a height of 0.30m. To ensure that there is no segregation of aggregates walls should be tapped with a rubber mallet immediately after concrete pouring.

      • 6.13 For roofing, proper overlaps should be observed to avoid leaks. For rib-type roofing, rib profile should follow the standard 0.30m (2 ½ corrugations) overlaps.

    6.14

    A digital micrometer should be used as caliper for roofing sheets. A Vernier

    caliper (for bolts) will not be able to yield the same result, thus, shall not be used to get the thickness of the roofing sheets.

    • 6.15 On random checking, the NHA inspector, supplier and the contractor shall certify that the correct roofing had been delivered on site. NHA shall not accept nor use sheets or other materials that are less than the recommended specifications.

    • 6.16 In the event that a contractor developer decides to change any material or methodology and shifted to another technology, the contractor/ developer must secure prior written approval from the NHA, through the AMO/Regional Offices. This shall be covered by a variation order. All change in technology and plans must likewise be submitted to HTDO for review, for the final approval by the General Manager.

    • 7. POST-CONSTRUCTION PHASE

      • 7.1 An accomplished final report certifying compliance to the checklist for construction shall be attached to the billing and final acceptance of the project (see Annex B). The same must be submitted to the Project Implementing Team and to the AITECH Secretariat of HTDO.

    • 8. AITECH TEAM INSPECTION

      • 8.1 An AITECH Inspection Team is hereby created and shall be composed of architects and engineers from the HTDO as well as members of the AITECH Inter-Agency Committee. It shall conduct inspections on projects with critical findings on the use of the new technologies. There shall be at least three (3) members of the Inspection Team, two (2) from HTDO and one (1) from the AITECH Committee.

      • 8.2 The AITECH Inspection Team shall be undertaken at least once during pre- construction phase and during construction phase as may be necessary.

      • 8.3 The schedule of the AITECH Inspection Team shall be coordinated with the CPES Team, if the concerned project is included in the CPES evaluation list. While the CPES is concerned with the over-all performance of the contractor, the AITECH Team shall check on the proper use and application of the technology.

      • 8.4 All AMOs/Regional Managers shall designate the Project Manager of the concerned project or his/her technical representative to witness the inspection.

      • 8.5 The AITECH Inspection Team shall likewise submit its report supported by photos and videos to the AITECH Inter-Agency Committee and to the General Manager for information, within five (5) days after its inspection.

      • 8.6 Should there be discrepancies/negative findings on the project, a memorandum shall be issued by the HTDO Department Manager to the General Manager thru the AMO/Regional Office Head concerned, and POSSO recommending corrective measures. The contractor/developer may request for another inspection after corrective measures have been made. Non-compliance to the recommended corrective measure within the specified time frame will result in the revocation of AITECH certificate.

      • 8.7 The Head of the AITECH Secretariat shall submit to the AITECH Committee a Summary Report of all NHA housing projects inspected/monitored including its findings/recommendations for proper action.

    9. OTHER PROVISIONS

    • 9.1 The technology proponent and/or the contractor concerned shall shoulder the costs of transportation, accommodation, and other incidental expenses of the AITECH Inspection and Monitoring Team in the conduct of inspection.

    • 9.2 Should there be other technologies that will be accredited and which shall be adopted in any NHA project, the same procedures shall be applied. Likewise, a new set of instructions for compliance during construction shall be issued particular to the said new technology.

    EFFECTIVITY

    This Memorandum Circular shall take effect immediately.

    --

    For guidance and strict compliance of all concerned.

    (original signed)

    ATTY. SINFOROSO R. PAGUNSAN

    General Manager

    Date Approved:

    _27 January 2016_

    CHECKLIST FOR CONSTRUCTION TEMPLATE

    • 1. PROJECT SITE INFORMATION DETAILS

      • 1.1 Project Name:

    __________________________________________________________

    • 1.2 Date Inspected: __________________________________________________________

    • 1.3 Project Location: __________________________________________________________

    • 1.4 Name of Developer/Contractor: ___________________________________________

    • 1.5 Block / Lot: ________________________________________________________________

    • 1.6 Type of Dwelling

     

    One Storey

    Loftable

    Low Rise Building

    Row house

         

    Duplex

         

    2-Storey

         

    3-Storey

         

    1.7 Type of Technology Used Monolithic Unit/Box

    Heavy

    Light

    Total System (Panels)

    Structural Frame

    Structural Panels

    Infill Panels

    Structural System (Frames)

    Frame

     

    Bearing

    Special On-Site Techniques

    Tunnel Form

    Slip Form

    Jack Block

    Lift Slab

    Accelerated Cure

    Special Mortar

    Conventional Techniques

    Others

    _____________________________________

    (if using New Technology/AITECH-Approved Technology)

    Name of Technology: ______________________________________________ Name of Supplier: ________________________________________________

    1.8 Site Condition

     

    Cut

     

    Infill

     
       

    Mechanically Compacted -By how many percent?

    %

    1.9 Is the site free from any foreign debris?

    • Yes

    • No

    Provide description with pictures)

    1.10 Compaction Test for Filling Materials

    • 1.10.1 Compaction Test Result _____________________________________________________

    • 1.10.2 Name of Testing Company __________________________________________________

    • 1.10.3 Address of Testing Company ________________________________________________

    • 1.10.4 Name of Representative NHA Representative _____________________________________________________ Contractor Representative ______________________________________________

    • 1.10.5 Date When the Test Was Conducted _______________________________________

    Note : The Developer shall provide a copy to the inspector the Official Test result with a DPWH Accreditation Certificate of the Testing Center.

    2. FOUNDATION WORKS (use DPWH and NHA certified plans as reference)

    2.1

    Grade Beams and Slab on Fill

     
     

    RECOMMENDED

    MARK

    REMARKS

    (As Per Manufacturer’s

    (Correct/

    Specification)

    Incorrect)

    Sizes of Beams

         

    Thickness of Slab

         

    Diameter of Bars

         

    Spacing of Bars

         

    2.2

    Wall Provisions

     

    RECOMMENDED

    MARK

    REMARKS

    (As Per Manufacturer’s

    (Correct/

    Specification)

    Incorrect)

    Starter Bars spacing

         
           

    Length of Starter Bars Starter Bar Diameter

         

    2.3

    Plumbing and Electrical Roughing-ins

     
     

    RECOMMENDED

    MARK

    REMARKS

    (As Per Manufacturer’s

    (Correct/

    Specification)

    Incorrect)

           

    Size of Embedded Pipes Electrical

         

    Plumbing

         
     

    Spacing

         

    3. WALL PANELS (use DPWH-APPROVED plans as reference)

     

    RECOMMENDED

    MARK

    REMARKS

    (As Per

    (Correct/

    Manufacturer’s

    Incorrect)

    Specification)

    Spacer Distances (if applicable)

         

    Frame Distances (if applicable)

         

    Frame Thk. (if applicable)

         

    Cement Mixture

         

    Cladding material (if applicable)

         

    Cladding thk. (if applicable)

         
           

    Plastering thk. (if applicable) Dia. & Spacing of Hor. Bars

         

    Dia. & Spacing of Vert. Bars

         

    Wire mesh accessories (if app.)

         
           

    Corner Reinforcing Bars

         

    Size

         

    Spacing

         
           

    Wire mesh accessories (if app.) Ties

         

    BOND BEAMS

         

    Reinf. Bars Installation

         

    C-Bars/Stirrups Installation

         

    ROUGHING INS

         

    Electrical

         

    Plumbing

         
           

    Length of Rebar Hook & Splice

         
    FOR LOFTABLE ROWHOUSE MODELS Dowels Dia. & Spacing of Dowels Length
    FOR LOFTABLE ROWHOUSE MODELS
    Dowels
    Dia. & Spacing of Dowels
    Length

    4. CONCRETE POURING

    • 4.1 For manual pouring checklist

    ONE BAGGER MIXER

    MIXING BOARD

    30CM X 30CM X 30CM MEASURING BOX

         

    Note:

    4.1.1 Use Rubber mallet during concrete pouring to avoid honeycomb 4.1.2 Clean the outer face of the walls right after concrete pouring

    • 4.2 Concrete Mixture

     
     

    RECOMMENDED

    MARK (Correct/

    REMARKS

    Incorrect)

    Approved Mixture

         
    • 4.3 Concrete Testing

     

    RECOMMENDED

    RESULT

    REMARKS

    Slump Test

         

    Compression Test

         

    Name of Testing Company ___________________________

    Address of Testing Company ___________________________ Name of Representative NHA Representative ___________________________ Contractor’s Representative ___________________________ Date When Test Was Conducted __________________________

    5. FLOOR SLABS 5.1 C-Joist/ T-Joist

    UPON DELIVERY

     

    RECOMMENDED

    MARK (Correct/Incorrect)

    REMARKS

    Red Marks

         

    Type of Joist

         

    Hairline Cracks

         
     

    DURING INSTALLATION

     

    RECOMMENDED

    MARK (Correct/Incorrect)

    REMARKS

    Grid Layouts

         

    Shoring Spacing

         

    Roughing-ins

         

    Connection

         
           

    Stiffener Spacing End Steel Stiffener

         
     

    REINFORCEMENTS

     

    RECOMMENDED

    MARK (Correct/Incorrect)

    REMARKS

    Grade of Steel

         
           

    Horizontal Spacing Concrete Covering

         
     

    AFTER POURING

     

    RECOMMENDED

    MARK (Correct/Incorrect)

    REMARKS

    Deflection

         

    Cracks

         

    Honeycombs

         

    Formworks/Shoring

         

    Name of Testing Company ___________________________

    Address of Testing Company ___________________________

    Name of Representative NHA Representative ___________________________ Contractor’s Representative ___________________________ Date When Test Was Conducted __________________________

    5.2 Steel Decking

    BEFORE INSTALLATION

       

    MARK (Correct/

     

    RECOMMENDED

    Incorrect)

    REMARKS

    Steel Deck Thickness

         

    Formworks Preparation

         

    Steel Deck Layout

         
           

    Marking of roughing ins Dowels

         
           

    Rebar Layouts Grade of Material

         
     

    FORMS

       

    MARK (Correct/

     

    RECOMMENDED

    Incorrect)

    REMARKS

    Shoring

         

    Spacing

         

    40mm. min. spacing (bet.

         

    beams & steel deck) 40mm. min. of Interlap of beams & Steel deck/welded

         
     

    SHORING

       

    MARK (Correct/

     

    RECOMMENDED

    Incorrect)

    REMARKS

           

    Shoring layout Number of days

         
     

    DECKING LAYOUT

       

    MARK (Correct/

     

    RECOMMENDED

    Incorrect)

    REMARKS

           

    Decking layout Number of days

         

    SAFETY NET (If recommended)

     
     

    RECOMMENDED

    MARK (Correct/Incorrect)

    REMARKS

           
           
     

    AFTER INSTALLATION

     

    RECOMMENDED

    MARK (Correct/Incorrect)

    REMARKS

    Curing

         

    Blackout

         

    Testing

         

    Name of Testing Company ___________________________ Address of Testing Company ___________________________ Name of Representative NHA Representative ___________________________ Contractor’s Representative ___________________________ Date When Test Was Conducted __________________________

    6. COMMENTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

    ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ (Provide Photos with captions)

    Prepared by:

    Reviewed by:

    __________________________________ Project Engineer in Charge of Construction

    _________________________________ Principal Engineer A / Principal Architect

    Conforme:

    ___________________________

    Contractor/Developer

    Concurred by:

    ___________________________ Project Manager

    CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGIES

    OF THE DIFFERENT TECHNOLOGIES APPROVED BY DPWH FOR TYPHOON YOLANDA

    TECHNOLOGIES USED IN :

    A. ONE-TWO STOREY LOFTABLES

    • 1. ECO KEY SYSTEM by Paligid Development Corporation

    • 2. LIGHT GAUGE STEEL FRAMES by Nedsteel Construction & Devt. Corp.

    • 3. PERMAFORMS by Permaforms Inc.

    • 4. PLASWALL by Ecostrong Builders Corporation / Sterling Construction & Development Corporation

    • 5. SKS STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMING SYSTEM by SKS Construction and Devt. Corp.

    • 6. STEELTECH ROOFING SYSTEM by United Steel Technology Corp.

    B. LOW-RISE BUILDING (5-Storey)

    • 1. C-JOISTS by Concrete Ventures Group Inc.

    • 2. EMMEDUE/M2 PANELS by Next Century Building Systems Inc.

    • 3. SRC PANELS by SRC Int’l Panel System Inc.

    ECO-KEY SYSTEM FIBER CEMENT EPS BOARD

    ECO-KEY SYSTEM – FIBER CEMENT EPS BOARD The Eco-Key System is a fiber cement EPS (Expanded

    The Eco-Key System is a fiber cement EPS (Expanded Polystyrene) foam

    board, a fast and green housing technology solution to modern pre-fabricated

    housing. Made of high strength fibers and cement, it is resistant to water and

    moisture, corrosion and acid, and pest damage. Fire tests yield that the system is

    A-grade and does not produce toxic fumes.

    Manufactured by pulping, shaping, cutting, pressurizing and steam- curing, the material is absolutely free of toxic substances, such as asbestos, formaldehyde, benzene, and others. Its strength enables it to be used for single- storey as well as multi-storey buildings. The Eco-Key System allows for ease in construction and installation, requiring no special tools and minimizes wastage.

    One of the most valuable features of this technology is that its installation is 60% faster than traditional construction methodologies; the single storey NHA Model for 22 and 26 square meter area can be installed within 6 days. Its smooth surface allows it to be painted without additional preparation work before painting.

    In line with creating disaster resilient housing structures for mass housing, the

    structure is designed to withstand a wind load of 250 km per hour and has an earthquake resistance of more than 9 degrees.

    ADVANTAGES OF ECO-KEY PANEL

    • 1. Flexible architectural design

    • 2. Safe

    ECO-KEY SYSTEM – FIBER CEMENT EPS BOARD The Eco-Key System is a fiber cement EPS (Expanded
    • 3. Easy to Handle Easy assembly; requiring no special tools and assures no construction waste; recyclable

    • 4. Fast to Build Easy to move around; time saving with smooth surface with no need to polish before painting; most construction work is done in the factory which saves time on site

    • 5. Affordable price Saves on labor cost with much faster building speed; installation does not require complicated procedure and heavy machine operation on-site, and can easily be stored; can achieve longer life span due to typhoon and earthquake proof structure

    LIGHT GAUGE STEEL FRAMING SYSTEM

    ERECTING

    Assembly:

    For an NHA house of 22 square meters, 400 linear meters of steel coil are used. 3 men can take 5 hours to frame and erect or 15 man hours total.

    22 square meter house with 3 men, it takes 1.5 hours to fabricate the steel frames, 5 hours or 15 man-hours to assemble frame and erect, 6.5 hours to

    LIGHT GAUGE STEEL FRAMING SYSTEM ERECTING Assembly: For an NHA house of 22 square meters, 400

    STEP 1: FOUNDATION STAKING & LAYOUT

    STEP 1: FOUNDATION – STAKING & LAYOUT • The building lines should be staked out •

    The building lines should be staked out

    All lines and grades are established before excavation starts,

    Batter boards and reference marks to

    be erected at such places where they will

    not be disturbed during the excavation of

    the building 0.20 meter fill on the units

    STEP 2: FOUNDATION – LOT GRADING & EXCAVATIONS
    STEP 2: FOUNDATION – LOT GRADING & EXCAVATIONS
    STEP 1: FOUNDATION – STAKING & LAYOUT • The building lines should be staked out •

    The building lines should be staked out

     

    All

    lines

    and

    grades

    are

    established

    before

    excavation starts,

    Batter boards and reference marks to be erected at such places where they will not be disturbed during the excavation of the building 0.20 meter fill on the units

    STEP 3: FOUNDATION

    Place forms along the trenches for the foundation

    Prior to the placement of polyethylene sheet (4 mil.), make sure the desired elevation has been attained

    Prior to pouring of concrete, reinforcing steel bars,

    dowels and hold down embedment should be positioned in the trenches

    Reinforcing steel bars are placed slightly elevated on top of the polyethylene sheets. It should be properly embedded in the finished slab.

    STEP 1: FOUNDATION – STAKING & LAYOUT • The building lines should be staked out •

    STEP 4: FOUNDATION PLUMBING LAYOUT

    All piping for drain, waste and vent/s should be in place according to plan. Utility pipes are placed in the excavated trenches, which will be backfilled

    prior to the pouring of concrete for the

    foundation.

    STEP 1: FOUNDATION – STAKING & LAYOUT • The building lines should be staked out •

    STEP 5: FOUNDATION CONCRETE FLOOR SLAB

    STEP 5: FOUNDATION – CONCRETE FLOOR SLAB • The proper position of starter bars should be

    The proper position of starter bars should be checked prior to pouring of slab. Starter bars should be 10mm Ø x 400 mm spaced at 600mm O.C. An RFI (request for inspection) is required to verify that the embedded items were placed according to plan.

    Concrete with design mix of 2,500 psi / 28 days is poured. Allow 24 hour curing before removal of steel

    forms.

    STEP 6: STEEL FRAMING - ASSEMBLY

    STEP 5: FOUNDATION – CONCRETE FLOOR SLAB • The proper position of starter bars should be

    Steel frames are delivered on site pre-cut and pre-

    punched together with an installation manual.

    Framing panels are fastened together using blind

    rivets

    Wall layout is marked on the floor slab prior to erecting the wall frames.

    STEP 7: STEEL FRAMING - ERECTION

    Start at the external corner; place and plumb a wall frame panel. Install the adjoining frame to make a self-supporting corner.

    Clamp the frames together and check for plumbness and proper positioning. Connect frames with screws or rivets recommended by

    the manufacturer.

    Erect frames along the perimeter of the unit, installing the internal and external frames as

    necessary.

    Install temporary bracing during wall frame

    erection. The line of top plates in a run of

    walling should be checked with a plumb line.

    STEP 5: FOUNDATION – CONCRETE FLOOR SLAB • The proper position of starter bars should be

    Make sure that the 90 degree angle is attained consistently by temporary bracing diagonally the frames together, from the bottom track to the

    farthest vertical frame.

    STEP 8: ELECTRICAL & PLUMBING STUB-OUTS

    STEP 8: ELECTRICAL & PLUMBING STUB-OUTS • After the wall frame panels are installed, put the

    After the wall frame panels are installed, put the

    door jambs into position.

    Make sure all electrical and plumbing stub-outs are

    set into place during installation of forms.

    Provide extra stud for utility box bracing

    STEP 9: WALL FORMS

    Install removable forms for interior side of walls first. This is to ensure that all

    roughing-ins are in place.

     

    Install the removable forms for the exterior side of the wall next. Make sure

    the boards are placed up to the finished grade line to achieve a monolithic

    concrete mix covering the floor line; also to detain possible water seepage along floor line level.

    Fix shoring on joints to prevent overflow of concrete mix and to maintain

    plumbness.

    Pouring shall be done at 1.2m lifts maximum with the design ration of 1:5,

    flow able

    type using

    1

    bagger

    mixer in a direct concrete placement

    method.

    STEP 9: CONCRETE WALL IN-FILL

    STEP 9: CONCRETE WALL IN-FILL STEP 10: WALL PREPARATION • After concreting of walls, prepare surfaces

    STEP 10: WALL PREPARATION

    STEP 9: CONCRETE WALL IN-FILL STEP 10: WALL PREPARATION • After concreting of walls, prepare surfaces

    After concreting of walls, prepare

    surfaces for painting by grinding or patching, to even out surfaces. Apply tile adhesive to roughen surface of

    flange for better adhesion of skim coat.

    STEP 11: EXTERIOR ROUGH

    Doors and Windows are delivered and installed.

    Roofing sheets and accessories are installed.

    Required interior and exterior finishes are applied.

    STAGE 12: DETAIL FINISH

    Finishing shall follow in accordance with the plans and specifications.

    LIGHT GAUGE STEEL FRAMING SYSTEM ILLUSTRATION

    PERMAFORMS WALL PANEL

    It is a panel composed of fiber cement boards (accredited with AITECH), single

    component polyurethane adhesive, and its

    technology “Universal Rebar Adaptor”, which

    holds the rebars in place. They act as permanent formworks, which deletes the cost of the forms. There is no need for plastering and its ready to paint.

    PANEL FABRICATION

    PANEL FABRICATION 72 73
    PANEL FABRICATION 72 73
    74 75
    74 75
    74 75
    PANEL INSTALLATION 76 77

    PANEL INSTALLATION

    PANEL INSTALLATION 76 77
    78 79
    78 79
    78 79
    80 POURING OF CONCRETE 81

    80

    POURING OF CONCRETE

    80 POURING OF CONCRETE 81
    80 POURING OF CONCRETE 81

    81

    82 CONSTRUCTION MODULES 83

    82

    CONSTRUCTION MODULES

    82 CONSTRUCTION MODULES 83
    82 CONSTRUCTION MODULES 83
    82 CONSTRUCTION MODULES 83
    82 CONSTRUCTION MODULES 83
    82 CONSTRUCTION MODULES 83

    83

    PANEL TYPICAL CONNECTION

    PLASWALL METHODOLOGY STEP Prepare the concrete slab as per specification and details of plans. 1 STEP
    PLASWALL
    METHODOLOGY
    STEP
    Prepare the concrete slab as per
    specification and details of plans.
    1
    STEP
    Concrete slab should be rough
    even finished.
    2

    88

    STEP Starter bars or link bars should be clearly exposed and free from obstacles prior to
    STEP
    Starter bars or link bars should be clearly
    exposed and free from obstacles prior to
    installation of Plaswall panel. Once con-
    3
    crete slabs are cured, installation of Plas-
    wall panel shall commence.
    Place wall angle at the edge side or in be-
    tween two Plaswall panels and pin on the con-
    STEP
    crete slab, to serve as guide for the rest of the
    panels to be erected & also to secure Plaswalls
    4
    in place & correct alignment.
    89
    STEP Before installation, cut panels for the door and 5 window openings, and others, as per
    STEP
    Before installation, cut panels for the door and
    5
    window openings, and others, as per specifica-
    tion in the plan.
    Plaswall Panel with Guidelines
    Install plaswall then install the plaswall panel STEP slide into starter bars or link-bars and rest
    Install plaswall then install the plaswall panel
    STEP
    slide into starter bars or link-bars and rest verti-
    cally on the slab.
    6
    STEP 7 Same procedure with electrical conduits, water lines and plumbing wall roughing-ins are slides into
    STEP
    7
    Same procedure with electrical conduits, water
    lines and plumbing wall roughing-ins are slides
    into the panels and cut appropriate holes for
    connection of:
    Lavatory & water closet
    fixtures
    Kitchen sink drain & wall
    faucet connection
    Temporary braces & horizontal struts should be installed & tied up both sides of the panel
    Temporary braces & horizontal struts should be installed &
    tied up both sides of the panel to keep the plaswall pan-
    STEP
    el plumb & upright
    position. also will help prevent panel
    8
    from bulging while concrete pouring. mounted @ 0.30m
    and 1.2m from the concrete slab. use leveling bar to
    check the plumbness of the panel.
    C-purlins used as horizontal strut
    and braces
    92
    Use wall angle or scrap plastic spacer STEP 9 cut as brackets and screw to support
    Use wall angle or scrap plastic spacer
    STEP
    9
    cut as brackets and screw to support
    interconnection of plaswall panels t-
    section and elbow section.
    Plastic spacers as brackets
    Slide and shoot the rebars @ the holes of the
    plastic spacers inside the plaswall panel for
    STEP

    vertical and horizontal reinforcement. Spac-

    ing of rebars will be based on given plan.

    Temporary braces & horizontal struts should be installed & tied up both sides of the panel

    10

    93

    STEP 11 For filling of concrete inside the plaswall panel use fun- nel and place it
    STEP
    11
    For filling of concrete inside the plaswall panel use fun-
    nel and place it in between plastic spacers. compres-
    sive strength and the mixture of concrete will be based
    on the structural specification.
    CONRETE STRENGTH
    CLASS
    PROPORTION
    CEMENT
    SAND
    GRAVEL
    PSI
    Mpa
    AA
    1 : 2
    : 3
    12 0.6
    1
    4000
    27.5
    A
    1 : 2 : 4
    9 0.6
    1
    3500
    24.13
    B
    1 : 2.5 : 5
    7.5 0.6
    1
    3000
    20.68
    C
    1 : 3
    : 6
    6
    0.6
    1
    2500
    17.24
    D
    1 : 3.5 : 7
    5
    0.6
    1
    2000
    13.79

    STEP

    Pour concrete inside the panel by level @ 0.30m
    12 gradually until it fills the entire panel.

    94

    STEP 11 For filling of concrete inside the plaswall panel use fun- nel and place it

    Once the concrete is cured, remove all the temporary

    STEP

    struts and braces and clean the surface of the plaswall.

    • do not remove the screws but instead pound the screws
      13 surface even.

    until the head of it penetrates the panels and flatten the

    STEP

    For finishing touches: lay the mesh tape in between panels or groove connection between panels and have

    • 14 it skim coat. Polish the surface of the plaswall by sand paper prior for painting.

    95

    96 97

    96

    96 97

    97

    98 99

    98

    98 99

    99

    100 101

    100

    100 101

    101

    102 103

    102

    102 103

    103

    104 105

    104

    104 105

    105

    106 107

    106

    106 107

    107

    108 Paint Specification PRE-PAINTED G.I. ROOFING • 0.40 BMT + 0.01mm coating + 0.01mm paint= 0.42mm

    108

    Paint Specification

    PRE-PAINTED

    G.I. ROOFING

    0.40 BMT + 0.01mm coating + 0.01mm paint= 0.42mm

    Polyester Paint System

    2 coat 2 bake process

    Top coat = 10 microns

    Primer = 4 microns

    Black Coat = 5 microns

    Primer = 4 microns

    109

    Steeltech Rib22

    Steeltech Corrugated

    110

    Manhattan Red

    Venetian Blue

    Amazon Green

    Canyon Beige

    Colombian

    Coffee

    ROOFING INSTALLATION

    Step 1

    Make sure that there is a surface for the J-Bolt to connect.

    Steeltech Rib22 Steeltech Corrugated 110 Manhattan Red Venetian Blue Amazon Green Canyon Beige Colombian Coffee ROOFING

    Roof and C-Channel Connection using J-Bolt

    111

    Step 2

    Install the Steeltech Corrugated Roofing sheets using J-Bolt and lock it with washer nuts.

    Step 2 Install the Steeltech Corrugated Roofing sheets using J-Bolt and lock it with washer nuts.

    112

    ISOMETRIC DETAIL

    STEELTECH RIB 22

    Installation Visual

    STEELTECH CORRUGATED

    Installation Visual

    113

    PROPER STORAGE

    STEELTECH's products are manufactured in accordance with the highest quality standards defined in the metal coating industry.

    Proper care and storage of these products prior to installation on the final location is vital to meet the life expectation for the product when installed.

    During

    storage

    when

    water

    from

    rainfall

    and

    moisture

    due

    to

    condensation accumulates in the products or in between sheets of products, it can create serious quality problems. It is easier to prevent this problem by following the proper care and storage.

    Not following the care and storage instructions may lead to serious product quality issues such as paint peel off, stains, blistering, corrosion, color changes, etc.

    1. Indoor Storage

    Storage should be indoors if possible, preferably in a clean, dry area away

    from any source of chemical pollution. Since rapid changes in temperature may cause condensation leading to quality issues, storage should be at an even temperature. In particular, storage of products on site will be improved by a few simple precautions:

    1). Always stack the Products on metal or wooden skids in tilted position

    to keep them from direct contact with the ground, or drainage of water

    or moisture and to prevent sagging.

    114

    2). Always keep the Products in a dry, shaded and good ventilated area but do not allow entry of wind-driven rain. Do not keep the Products on wet

    floor (water, rain, etc.).

    3). Store away from chemically aggressive substances (e.g. salt, cement, fertilizer), away from material that could contaminate the surface (e.g. diesel oil, paint, grease) and away from site traffic.

    115

    4) Where possible, do not leave uncovered products stacks lying in the open. Store them under cover and away from open doorways.

    2. Outdoor Storage

    When storing outdoors in unavoidable, these are the recommendations:

    1) Always stack the Products on metal or wooden skids in tilted position to keep them from direct contact with the ground, or drainage of water or moisture and to prevent sagging.

    2) Use good covers such as tarpaulins, loosely shrouded over stocks

    and firmly anchored to prevent wind blow off, but ensure that there is

    adequate ventilation under the cover to prevent water condensation. Do not use plastic covers during storage.

    116

    3) Store out of direct sunlight if possible.

    4) Store away from chemically aggressive substances (e.g. salt, cement,

    fertilizer), away from material that could contaminate the surface (e.g. diesel oil, paint, grease) and away from site traffic.

    5) The period of outdoor storage should be kept as short as possible. Particularly during the rainy season because sheets in stack get wet due to condensation and that the condense water cannot evaporate easily.

    Recommendation for Protecting Deck Bundles at Job Site

    117

    3. When products get wet

    Regularly inspect the products during storage preferably at least once a week. If

    there is presence of water in the product, please perform the following:

    1)

    Wipe off

    the water

    with clean cloth

    and allow air circulation

    to

    complete the drying process. 2) Check presence of water in between sheets, if water is present separate the wet sheets and place in tilted position so that water will flow until

    dry.

    WHAT IS WET STORAGE STAIN?

    Is a result of neglect and improper storage practices of the user and by no means should be construed as product quality defect.

    This is caused by stacked products where moisture or water gets trapped

    in between roofing sheets or when ponding of water occurs on the surface of

    the roofing sheet thus restricting adequate airflow. Trapped moisture or water

    could lead to paint delamination and/or rusting

    118

    PAINT DELAMINATION

    • Soft and pliable paint surface

    • Bubbles underneath the paint surface is present

    • Paint peeling

    3. When products get wet Regularly inspect the products during storage preferably at least once a
    3. When products get wet Regularly inspect the products during storage preferably at least once a

    IDENTIFY THE WRONG STORAGE PRACTICES

    • No tarp / Lona is covering the Roofing

    • Metal Debris / Scraps are on top of the

    roofing

    • Ponding of water

    • Storage is near organic materials such

    as leaves and soil

    3. When products get wet Regularly inspect the products during storage preferably at least once a

    119

    PROPER INSTALLATION GUIDE

    1. On cutting, Trimming & Drilling

    1) There is no special equipment or tools needed, however work will be

    much easier if you use an electric drill and screwdriver. To cut metal roofing

    sheet it is better to use shears or a nibbler.

    2)

    Never cut

    metal roofing sheet with parting grinder. It would burn

    the

    coating and galvanization on the edge of the sheet which may lead to

    corrosion.

     

    3) Place the trimmed part at he upper portion of your structure (near ridge

    cap).

    2. Post Installation Cleaning

    1) Metal dust and chips from cutting and drilling must be brushed o since they oxidize and can damage the surface.

    2) Normal soiling resulting from the work can be removed with normal cleaners; do not use powerful solvents which could damage the coating.

    3) Any scratches made during assembly can be touched up with a special paint (to be ordered from United Steel Technology International Corporation).

    4) In any case, the galvanization of the steel prevents any oxidation of

    damaged spots.

    120

    121

    PROPER MAINTENANCE GUIDE

    Maintenance of your Steeltech Colored Roofing

    1) Twice a year, clean your gutters and downspouts to avoid clogging and overflowing

    of rainwater.

    2) Use a high pressure water sprayer to break up any clogs inside your downspout.

    3) Areas not subject to the natural washing action of rainfall, washing of roofing should

    be done at least every 6 months and 3 months for coastal areas and in areas near

    industrial sites to remove contaminants and prevent accumulation of salty deposits and industrial debris that may accelerate corrosion.

    4) Remember that accumulation of wind-borne salty deposits in seaside localities can have a particularly aggressive effect on steel products.

    5) Failure of proper maintenance may lead to premature fading and early corrosion of the colored roofing.

    122

    C-JOIST

    FLOOR AND ROOF SLAB SYSTEM

    WITH REMOVABLE STEEL FORM

    SPACED AT 900 MM O.C.

    A pre cast, pre stressed concrete product used for floor and roof slab system. It is

    a concrete product with 5,500 psi. and with a pre-tensioned tendons as its

    reinforcements. It is basically a concrete joist which supports a suspended flooring and form part as a slab system.

    An alternative method of slab construction such as the conventional or the traditional concrete slab pouring.

    Widely used on different types of residential and other kinds of buildings. These are commonly used on mass housing, socialized housing, high end housing, townhouses and privately owned residences. Also, it is widely used on commercial buildings, mall buildings, condominiums, walk up buildings, medium rise and high rise buildings. It is as well applied mostly on government and private schools, municipal buildings, hospital, churches and other institutional buildings. Moreover, it is also suitable for light and heavy warehouses, factories, car parking, stadium and gymnasiums, cockpit arena, amusement park, agricultural farm buildings and other possible suspended slab construction

    123

    124

    125

    General Notes

    • 1. Shoring: C-Joist must rest firmly before pouring of concrete slab. Shoring members must be capable of supporting the dead-weight of C-Joist and concrete slab. For C-Joist more than five meter (5.0m) span, quarter spacing of shoring is required. For C-Joist above 3.0 m to 5.0 m span, only midspan shoring is required. While C-Joist below 3.0 m span, there will be no shoring.

    • 2. Removable Steel Forms & Steel Stiffeners can be removed 3 days after the pouring of concrete slab. However, shoring of C-Joist must remain in place for not less than seven (7) days.

    • 3. Slab: Concrete slab shall have a minimum fc’ at 28 days = 20.68 Mpa (3000) psi

    Handling of C-Joist

    • 1. C-Joist can either be hand carried or hoisted

    • 2. Pick up points are 1/5 from both ends

    • 3. Caution is required to always lift C- Joist in an upright position.

    Bearing

    Total Dead Load

    1900 pa (41psf)

    Volume of Concrete

    0.085 m2 / sq.m

    Weight of Steel Reinf.

    4.5 kgs. / sq.m

    C-Joist / m2

    1.62

    lm

    No. of RSF / m2

    1.50

    pcs

    No. of SS / m2

    4.50 pcs

    • 1. All bearing surfaces must be true to line and grade

    • 2. C-Joist must be installed with:

    A.100mm minimum bearing on concrete

    B.75mm minimum bearing on steel

    Safety

    Removable steel forms are temporarily forms to support the concrete during pouring for safety, it is recommended to walk on C-Joist.

    126

    C-JOIST with 75 mm thk CONCRETE SLAB @

    • 900 mm SPACING

    C-JOIST with 50 mm thk

    CONCRETE SLAB @

    • 620 mm SPACING

    127

    TYPICAL DETAILS OF CONNECTIONS

    C-JOIST ON TOP OF BEAM

    C-JOIST ON STEEL I-BEAM

    128

    C-JOIST INTEGRATED WITH BEAM

    C-JOIST ON CORBEL TYPE BEAM

    129

    INSTALLATION GUIDE OF C JOIST- RSF

    • 1. C-JOISTS delivered on site are installed manually or using hoisting equipment.

    • 2. C-JOISTS are then laid on top of beams (concrete or steel I-beams). Minimum of 4 inches bearing on concrete beams and at least 3 inches bearing for steel I-beams. It is the laid out on its specified spacing.

    • 3. After setting up of C-JOISTS in its final spacing, RSF (Removable Steel Forms) are then placed on top of C-JOISTS shoulder in between distances. It is laid piece per piece and the steel stiffeners are placed underneath the steel forms to serve as lock and support on forms. Each steel form has three steel stiffeners spaced on 0.60 m on centers. Steel forms can be overlapped in any length.

    • 4. Dowel bars on beams are requires as shear connections. Minimum of 10 mm diameter spaced at a minimum of 0.30 m to a maximum of 0.60 m with L/5 bend development length.

    • 5. A 6 mm diameter @ 0.15 m o.c., e.w. welded wiremesh or equivalent for slab reinforcement. These are placed d/2 of the specified slab thickness.

    • 6. Concrete pouring of slab at least 3,000 psi compressive strength @ 28th day. Minimum of 2 inches to a maximum of 3 inches on top of C-JOIST structural slab topping.

    • 7. Shoring for C-JOIST : For C-JOIST 2.00 m span and belowno more shoring is needed For C-JOIST above 3.00 m up to 5.50 m length, midspan

    shoring is required

    For C-JOIST above 5.50 mquarter spacing of shoring is needed

    Note: After 7 days of pouring , shorings can be removed.

    • 8. Electrical and Plumbing utilities are installed in a manner similar to that of the

    conventional system.

    130

    INSTALLATION GUIDE OF C JOIST- RSF 1. C-JOISTS delivered on site are installed manually or using

    131

    132 133

    132

    132 133

    133

    MAIN OPERATIONAL STEPS:

    • 1. Anchoring to foundation

    • 2. Assembling the panels

     
    - connecting panels on the rebars
    - connecting panels on the rebars
    - connecting panels on the rebars
    - connecting panels on the rebars
     
    • - connecting panels on the rebars

     
    • - connecting adjacent panels

    EMMEDUE/M2 PANELS

    • - placing of reinforcement meshes

    POLYSTYRENE PLATE

    • 3. Plumbing and shoring of walls

    EPS (Expanded Polystyrene) Variable Thickness

    • 4. Placing reinforcement on doors and windows

    • 5. Roughing-in installation

     

    Density 15

    • 6. Structural shotcrete application

     

    GALVANIZED STEEL MESH

           

    (Non-Load

     

    Thermal Transmittance

    of Φ2.5mm with Electrowelded

    Bearing)

    U (W/m 2 K)*

    Cross-connector of Φ3mm

    Kind of Panel

    Finished Panel

     

    Thickness

    BRACKET VALUES (BTU/h ft 2 F)

    CEMENT MORTAR

    (mm)

     

    Density 15 kg/m 3

    135

    135

    Structural Shotcrete (Cement to Sand Ratio 1:3)

    PSM 60

     
    • 110 (0.101)

    0.57

     

    PSM 80

     
    • 130 (0.078)

    0.44

     

    PSM 100

     
    • 150 (0.063)

    0.36

     

    • Used for load-bearing structure, for buildings up to 4- storey, with structural plaster placed on both sides;

    PSM120

     
    • 170 (0.054)

    0.30

     

    PSM140

     
    • 190 (0.046)

    0.26

     

    • Used for partitions and claddings, in new building

    *Value obtained by analytical calculation

     

    construction or renovation; Used for curtain walls and partitions in large-sized industrial and commercial buildings;

     

    Sound Proofing Index :

     

    45 dB **

     

    • Used for insulating frameworks for roofing and moderate floor span; with or

    Fire Resistance

    REI 120 ***

    without pre-cast beams.

    ** Test Carried out on PSM 90 at Santiago del Chile University

    ***Test Carried out on PSM 80 at C.S.I. Milan, Italy

    134

    METHOD 2

    REBAR SPECIFICATION

    1. ANCHORING TO FOUNDATION

     

    number, diameter and length accord-

     
    • 1. Insert cut rebars on one side first

    The panels are placed over a reinforced concrete foundation slab or strip

    foundation beam. The size and characteristics of the foundations should be

    • 2. Place the panel

    ing to calculations For example:

    -diameter 8-10mm

    -interval 30mm(11.8 in)/ 400mm(15.75 in)

    -height 400mm (15.75 in)

    determined by specific structural calculations, based on the geotechnical analysis of the site.

    METHOD 1

    3. Insert the rebars on the other side FIX REBARS US- ING STRUCTURAL EPOXY; S U
    3. Insert the rebars on the other side
    FIX
    REBARS
    US-
    ING
    STRUCTURAL
    EPOXY;
    S U R E
    MAKE
    T H A T
    DRILLED
    HOLE
    IS
    DUST FREE
    3. Insert the rebars on the other side FIX REBARS US- ING STRUCTURAL EPOXY; S U

    THE REBARS ARE TO BE PLACED ON BOTH

    LINE

    PLACING THE REBARS BEFORE CASTING THE

     
    PLACING THE REBARS BEFORE CASTING THE SIDES OF THE PANEL FOLLOWING A ZIGZAG

    SIDES OF THE PANEL FOLLOWING A ZIGZAG

    CONCRETE

    2. ASSEMBLING THE PANEL

    METHOD 2

    METHOD 2 One may begin from a corner and proceed along both sides paying attention to

    One may begin from a corner and proceed along both sides paying attention to maintain perpendicularity. If this method

    One may begin from a corner and proceed along both sides paying attention to maintain perpendicularity.

    PLACING

    THE

    REBARS

    AFTER

    CASTING

    THE

    is adopted, one has to proceed by

    CONCRETE

    completing single rooms

    In

    case

    of

    long

    walls, another

    procedure to be used is the following: Begin

    from a wall

    and

    continue

    by

    placing

     

    perpendicular walls on a frontal advancement.

     

    136

    137

    CONNECTING PANELS ON THE REBARS

    Use galvanized iron tie wire suitable for tying wire mesh (No. 16); often used

    with convenient twisting

    tool or nips

    CONNECTING PANELS ON THE REBARS Use galvanized iron tie wire suitable for tying wire mesh (No.

    CONNECTING ADJACENT PANELS

    Before applying stitches between panel to panel, make sure that panels fit perfectly and are aligned;

    It is possible to pre-assemble panels together before installing it to the rebars.

    CONNECTING PANELS ON THE REBARS Use galvanized iron tie wire suitable for tying wire mesh (No.

    138

    PLACING REINFORCEMENT MESHES

    ANGULAR MESH FOR WALLS CONNECTION

    ANGULAR MESH FOR WALL-FLOOR CONNECTION

    FLAT MESH FOR EXTERNAL REINFORCEMENT

    139

    3. PLUMBING AND SHORING OF WALLS

    Before shoring the walls, make sure that walls are plumb;

    You

    may

    use

    steel

    shoring or locally available,

    and

    conventional

    construction materials

    3. PLUMBING AND SHORING OF WALLS Before shoring the walls, make sure that walls are plumb;
    3. PLUMBING AND SHORING OF WALLS Before shoring the walls, make sure that walls are plumb;

    140

    4. PLACING REINFORCEMENT ON DOORS AND WINDOWS

    Place flat meshes at 45°, at distance of less than 1 cm (0.4 in) from

    the opening’s edge

    3. PLUMBING AND SHORING OF WALLS Before shoring the walls, make sure that walls are plumb;
    3. PLUMBING AND SHORING OF WALLS Before shoring the walls, make sure that walls are plumb;

    DOORS

    Locally remove polystyrene on areas where anchoring is needed

    3. PLUMBING AND SHORING OF WALLS Before shoring the walls, make sure that walls are plumb;

    Incase of external doors leave atleast at 4 cm (1.6 in) of polystyrene to avoid thermal bridges

    ANCHORING

    141

    5. ROUGHING-IN INSTALLATION

    5. ROUGHING-IN INSTALLATION Roughing-in can be installed by melting the polystyrene using a blow torch or

    Roughing-in

    can

    be

    installed by melting the polystyrene using a blow torch or a heat gun;

    When it is necessary to

    cut

    the mesh, cut-out mesh shall be replaced by a flat mesh to ensure continuity of its steel mesh

    142

    6. STRUCTURAL SHOTCRETE APPLICATION
    6. STRUCTURAL SHOTCRETE APPLICATION
    5. ROUGHING-IN INSTALLATION Roughing-in can be installed by melting the polystyrene using a blow torch or

    DESIGN MIX

    -Portland Type Cement

    -Sand with a diameter of 0-6 mm (0-1/4 in)

    -CEMENT/SAND(in volume) = 1:3

    -WATER/CEMENT (in weight) < 0.52

    OPTIONAL

    -Admixture (Accelerator, Retarder) -Waterproofing (Integral)

    The shotcrete should be ap-

    plied on the walls in two con- secutive layers; the first of which will be sufficient to cover the steel mesh

    Once the plastering procedure is finished it should be kept damp for at least 48 hrs.

    143

    SRC PANEL

    Use Steel Reinforced Concrete (SRC) Panel System for Walls, Roofs and Floors as a modern alternative to CHB (Concrete Hollow Blocks)

    Steel reinforced concrete panels are composed of lightweight core (expandable polystyrene) sandwiched between smooth welded wire fabrics that are held together by spreader wires pierced through the polystyrene core then welded together on both sides. This core composition makes the panels easy to install as they are lightweight and easy to carry. The panels may be used for both interior and exterior load-bearing walls, roof, or flooring material.

    When fully installed, the polystyrene core, steel mesh and mortar plaster support one another for greater flexibility to resist seismic and wind forces for better protection against earthquake and other forces of nature as compared

    to traditional methods of construction.

    144

    The SRC Panel System is a composite sandwich type structural panel

    composed of high tensile wires densely welded together, an expanded polystyrene (EPS) core, and concrete panels for exterior faces. The steel reinforced concrete panels provide tensile and compressive strength. The EPS core separates and stabilizes the panels against buckling under edge wire compression, torsion or bending. The core also functions as a thermal and acoustic insulation.

    Lightweight and economical, the SRC Panel System is the modern alternative to concrete hollow blocks (CHB) as a building material.

    Today, SRC Panel System has paved the way to a new generation of building construction material which is more economical, faster, and allows for a much safer structure.

    145

    Build beautiful homes that are structurally superior.

    Every panel

    goes through a unique and special process that guarantees

    superior quality.

    Plus, the EPS core’s acoustic and thermal insulation properties will reduce noise

    and will keep the cool air inside even after the air-conditioning has been turned off.

    SRC Panel System will make your house a BETTER investment.

    • Economical

    • Flexible

    • Fire Resistant

    • Lightweight

    • Sound Proof

    • Speedy Construction

    • Insulation

    • Seismic & Wind Resistant

    Build beautiful homes that are structurally superior. Every panel goes through a unique and special process

    146

    TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

    The Steel Reinforced Concrete (SRC) Panel System is a wall board that is made

    up of styrofoam, welded wire mesh, slant wire, and mortar plaster, used to build

    walls, roofs and floors, each performing a solid structural formation.

     

    Styro Thickness

     

    1.50”, 2.00”, 2.50”, 3.00”, 3.50”, 4.00”

     

    Length of Panel

    2.40 m up to four (4) meters

     

    Core

    Expanded Polystyrene (EPS), Fire retardant grade

     

    Core Density

     

    17-18 kg/m 3

     

    Wire

    High Tensile Black iron Conforms to ASTM designation A-82 and to ASTM designation A-105 as a welded steel fabric with ultimate tensile strength (fy) of 100,000 psi

     

    Wire Diameter

    Longitudinal:

    2.0mm

    Transversal:

    2.0mm

    Joint/Spreader:

    2.3mm

    Spacing of Squares:

    50mm X 50mm

    Spacing of Spikes:

    50mm X 105mm

     

    Accesories

    Flat mesh, Angle mesh and U-mesh Meets all building code for residential and commercial construction

     

    147

    PANEL SYSTEMS ERECTION PROCESS

    PANEL SYSTEMS ERECTION PROCESS ERECTION SRC PANELS are installed systematically following the foundation profile according to

    ERECTION

    SRC PANELS are installed systematically following the foundation profile according to set drawing/plans linking them to the pre-arranged anchoring bars/dowels.

    The SRC PANELS are tied with

    Ga 18 GI tie wire on both side along the wire mesh matting.

    FLAT MESH: These are additional reinforcing connectors in between two panels on both sides tied with Ga 18 GI tie wire for extra strength as well as to prevent cracking of plaster.

    ANGLE MESH: These are additional reinforcing connectors installed in all corners of the structures, it can be in vertical or horizontal position. tied with Ga 18 GI tie wire for extra strength as well as to prevent cracking of plaster.

    U-MESH: These are additional reinforcing connectors used at the borders of windows/door openings for extra strength as well as to act as holder of

    jambs/frames and prevent cracks.

    ALIGNMENT: Once the SRC PANELS are installed, they are aligned and plumbed, using rigging bars and wood as shoring. They may be placed on the exterior or interior of the structure, depending on the building strategy adopted.

    148

    INSTALLATION

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    149

    5.

    6.

     

    9.

    10.

    7.

    8.

     

    11.

    12.

    150

    151

    SRC PANEL SYSTEM METHODOLOGY

    SRC PANELS USED AS FLOOR SLAB AND ROOFING:

    Basically, the same instructions as for the installation of vertical panels

    apply. The panels should be joined together, anchored to the walls with GI tie wires and temperature bars as additional reinforcement at the bottom of the slabs and roofs. These temperature bars give additional strength on bending. The spacing of these bars depends on the type of usage/occupancy for the building. These PANELS work as unidirectional slabs with the longitudinal panel running along the shorter span of the area to be covered. For floor PANELS,

    interior beams/support should be constructed around the perimeter of the

    structure and in specific cases, including partition areas. Concrete casting for slabs/roof requires shoring to limit PANEL deflection.

    ROUGHING-INS: Installation of electrical, plumbing, heating, telephone and

    other systems are done by melting/cutting the polystyrene using a hot air or any simple cutting tools. This is done after the complete erection of the PANELS and

    before the plastering phase. In case of rigid pipes, the mesh can be cut open,

    the pipe then fitted in the polystyrene. It is important for the affected area to be restored by means of a reinforcement mesh.

    PLASTERING:

    1. WALL PLASTERING: Characteristic of the structural plaster has a grain size from

    0 to 5mm. Once cured, its resistance has been gauged to be approximately 200

    kg/sq.cm or about 2,844psi. Prior to plastering the following checklist should be in

    order:

    152

    a. Inspect vertical installation

    b. Ensure PANEL Alignment

    c. Check reinforcement/bracing of structure

    d. Restore wire mesh that were previously cut during rough-in installation

    e. Apply 1 st plaster coat on external side of the wall, let this plaster settle for a

    day before applying the 2 nd coat or final plaster.

    • 2. SLABS: Prior to plastering, the following checklist should be in order:

      • a. Inspect horizontal installation leveling

      • b. Ensure all connectors/reinforcement in place

      • c. Restore wire mesh that previously cut during rough-in installation

      • d. Check the shoring for a correct positioning to avoid sagging of SRC PANEL

    slabs

    • e. Apply 1 st coat on the bottom portion of the slabs, let this settle for day

    before applying the 2 nd coat or final plaster

    f. Pour concrete on top slabs using a 3/8” crush gravel with the design

    thickness

    • 3. ROOFING: Prior to plastering the following checklist should be in order:

      • a. Inspect the slope of the roof level

      • b. Ensure all connectors/reinforcement in place

      • c. Restore wire mesh that were previously cut during rough-in installation

      • d. Check the shoring for a correct positioning to avoid sagging of SRC PANEL roofings

      • e. Apply 1 st coat on the bottom portion of the roof, let this settle for a day before applying the 2 nd coat or finishing

      • f. Apply 1 st coat plaster on top portion of the roof with a 0.5 bag of sahara mixed with a bag of cement to prevent leak

    153

    • g. After this coat has settled, apply a black cortal asphalt to the entire surface of

    the roof for water proofing purposes

    • h. Apply the final coat plaster with a 1:1 mixed of sahara for leak prevention

    • i. Final application/coating of waterproofing paint.

    SUMMARY OF ERECTION PROCESS

    ANNEX

    Construct wall foundation

    Install SRC PANELS

    Install connectors reinforcement to required areas

    Hands-on Training Seminars for the Proper Construction

    Prop, secure, align and plumb wall panels

    Methodologies of DPWH Approved and AITECH

    Install window sills and door jambs with proper form for concrete application;

    Accredited Technologies

    this may be done at a later stage provided that the openings are not totally

    finished plaster Install all roughing-ins

    Apply 1 st plaster coat on external side of the wall

    Simultaneously install SRC PANEL roof and all roughing-ins

    Secure roof PANELS with tie wires and reinforcement completed

    Prop up roof PANELS with shoring materials

    Pour concrete mix to roof area with water proofing materials

    Install electrical, plumbing and other accessories

    Apply necessary coverings such as paint, tiles, etc.

    154

    155

    HANDS-ON TRAINING FOR DPWH-APPROVED AND AITECH ACCREDITED

    TECHNOLOGIES

    MAY 11-15, 2015; HTREX BUILDING, NHA COMPOUND, DILIMAN, QUEZON CITY

    These are the proceedings of the Hands-On Training for DPWH-Approved

    and AITECH Accredited Technologies held at the Housing Technology Resource

    and Exhibit Center Building, NHA Main Compound, Elliptical Road, Diliman,

    Quezon City. The training for NHA staff was conducted last May 11 15, 2015. Participants were technical staff from the Visayas Management Office,

    Mindanao Management Office, Southern Luzon-Bicol Office, Project Operations

    Support Service Office, Housing Technology Development Office and the General Services Department.

    The technology providers involved in the training, namely Ecostrong

    Builders Corporation, Permaforms Incorporated, Nedsteel Construction and Development Corporation, Noellouise Custom Furniture and Fitouts Corporation,

    and United Steel Technology Corporation, submitted housing design models

    using their AITECH-accredited technologies for review and approval by both the

    NHA and the DPWH.

    The following is an overview of the five days training and the highlights of the

    program:

    Day 0: Preparation of Foundation and Slab On-Fill

    Prior to the training, Permaforms Incorporated had already prepared the foundation and slab for actual construction. A 4.00m x 4.00m module was prepared in the area between the NCL Office and the HTREX Building where the proponents held a construction demonstration as part of the training.

    Day 1: Lecture Presentation

    The proponents started the Hands-On Training with presentations detailing the construction methods and technical specifications of the technologies. The lookouts in actual construction were focused on during the lecture.

    156

    Day 2: Actual Demonstration by Ecostrong Builders Corp. & Permaforms Inc.

    The Hands-On Training had resumed on the second day with Ecostrong Builders Corporation’s and Permaforms Incorporated’s actual board-up demo on the front and side walls of the prepared module. Their technologies are

    panels that incorporate plastic spacers for the rebars, finished on each side with fiber-cement boards that are attached by special glue on the spacers, fabricated off-site and assembled easily on site before pouring.

    Day 3: Actual Demonstration by Nedsteel Construction and Development Corp.

    The third day opened with the demonstration of Nedsteel Construction

    and Development Corporation installing their Light Steel Framing System for the

    rear wall of the mock-up. The Light Steel Frames were clad with fiber-cement

    boards that were screwed and secured in place with C-channels before pouring. In the afternoon, concrete pouring for the in-fill began. Concerns were addressed regarding the correct pouring technique to avoid segregation of

    aggregates.

    Day 4: Roofing Frame Installation and Presentation for the Doors and Windows

    The proponents finished the concrete pouring for their walls, and NCDC

    simultaneously installed the roof framing. In this case, Nedsteel has already pre-

    assembled the rafters and trusses prior to the actual installation. The door and window assemblies are provided by Noellouise Custom Furniture and Fit-Outs Corporation, together with its partner, Titan Doors.

    157

    Day 5: Roofing Installation and Wrapping-Up

    The last day of the training began with a demonstration by the contractor Robig Builders and Development Corporation, partnering with United

    Steel Technology Corporation in using Steeltech roofing sheets. Robig Builders is

    a contractor for a project in Leyte, where they used Steeltech products with the J-type bolts that Steeltech supplies with their roofing sheets.

    Before concluding, the group of participants and proponents gathered

    in the HTREX Lobby to review their findings on the past few days and address the concerns on the reporting for post-construction. The format of the checklist report was heavily discussed for ease of checking by the project managers.

    Day 5: Roofing Installation and Wrapping-Up The last day of the training began with a demonstration

    158

    HANDS-ON TRAINING FOR DPWH-APPROVED AND AITECH ACCREDITED TECHNOLOGIES

    JUNE 22 24, 2015; NHA LEYTE SAMAR PROJECT OFFICE, TACLOBAN CITY

    Phase 2 of the recently concluded Hands-On Training for DPWH-

    Approved and AITECH Accredited Technologies was held in the NHA Leyte-

    Samar Project Office in Calanipawan Road, Sagkahan, Tacloban City, on June

    22-24, 2015. The training featured Nedsteel Construction and Development Corporation, Permaforms Incorporated, United Steel Technology Corporation

    and Greenway Toilet Solutions. The participants of this training consisted of

    technical staff from the NHA Leyte-Samar Project Office and contractors

    involved in the construction of disaster-resilient housing for the victims of

    Typhoon Yolanda. Nedsteel’s Light Gauge Framing System and Permaforms

    particularly are already being used in the area as alternatives for conventional

    methods of construction, and, along with Steeltech, were part of the previous Hands-On Training Seminar held in the NHA Main Compound last May 2015.

    Below is an overview of the training:

    Day 1: Introduction of the Technologies and Lecture Presentation

    Nedsteel Construction and Development Corporation started the lecture

    presentation with the company’s technology, Light Gauge Steel Framing

    System. It was followed by United Steel Technology Corporation presenting the

    Steeltech colored roofing sheets and J-bolt, followed by the presentation of Permaforms Inc. on their Permaforms panel; and lastly Green Eco-Toilet System

    by Greenway Toilet Solutions, a technology that incorporates recycling of gray

    water. A representative from SCG, the supplier for the fiber cement boards that

    are part of Permaforms Inc.’s technology was also present. Each presenter was

    given an opportunity to discuss questions and clarifications from site engineers and contractors using their technology.

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    Day 2: Actual Construction Demonstration by Permaforms Incorporated

    The participants headed to the project site in Babatngon, Leyte, where the site of Phase 2 of the Channel Ridge View project is located. The said project is already implementing the DPWH-approved 28.6 square meter housing

    design model by Permaforms Inc. The presenters from Permaforms gave notes

    on the precautionary measures for installing the panels and concrete pouring, which are crucial to the technology.

    Day 3: Actual Construction Demo by Nedsteel Construction & Dev’t.

    Corporation, Steeltech and Greenway

    The second mock-up unit based on Nedsteel’s 26 square meter housing design model was done within the compound of the NHA Office in Tacloban,

    where Nedsteel demonstrated the installation of the framing and the rafters for

    the roof. Steeltech also had a small mock-up of their own, where they showed how the J-Bolts are installed and demonstrated how to check the thickness of the roofing sheets. Greenway Toilet Solutions also demonstrated the installation

    of the water recycling unit for the toilet and bath of the 26 square-meter mock

    up.

    The training enabled the participants to ask questions on their actual

    experiences in using the technologies. For instance, it was found that site

    engineers had been using the wrong type of calliper to measure the thickness of

    the roofing (the Vernier calliper, which was being used to check the thickness of the roofing sheets, is more accurately used for bolts), which was afterwards

    clarified due to Steeltech’s information. Steeltech also presented a roofing

    system design that incorporates J-Bolts and tekscrews for quicker installation, but it is yet to be approved by the DPWH.

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    Likewise, Permaforms Inc. addressed concerns on the reports of segregation of aggregates in the said technology, and thus a recommendation of laying the boards horizontally to enable pouring at the proper height was made. The company agreed to do a study on the possible implications of this on the cutting list and the cost. It was also agreed upon that fabrication of the

    panels by the contractors will no longer be allowed to ensure that the quality of

    the materials will not be compromised.

    The training concluded on a general discussion on the approved plans

    and the processes should contractors decide to change from using

    conventional materials to new technologies.

    Day 2: Actual Construction Demonstration by Permaforms Incorporated The participants headed to the project site in
    Day 2: Actual Construction Demonstration by Permaforms Incorporated The participants headed to the project site in
    Day 2: Actual Construction Demonstration by Permaforms Incorporated The participants headed to the project site in
    Day 2: Actual Construction Demonstration by Permaforms Incorporated The participants headed to the project site in

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    HANDS-ON TRAINING FOR DPWH-APPROVED AND AITECH ACCREDITED

    TECHNOLOGIES

    JUNE 22 24, 2015; NHA LEYTE SAMAR PROJECT OFFICE, TACLOBAN CITY

    This is the 3 rd Phase of the said Hands-On Training for the Bacolod Project Office in Negros Occidental. The said training was held from November 24 26,

    2015.

    The technologies featured in this Hands-On Training were Permaforms by

    Permaforms Incorporated, Gardner Fiber Cement Boards by Central Lumber

    Corporation, and Steeltech Roofing Systems by United Steel Technology

    Corporation. Attendees were the project engineers and architects of VMO- Bacolod and various engineers and site supervisors from Bilrey Construction,

    Opus Land Inc. and A5R Dynamics Construction Corp., contractors and

    developers who have been using Permaforms Panel in their contract for the Yolanda Rehabilitation Program.

    Day 1: Lecture Presentation by the Technology Providers

    The training kicked-off with an introduction to the three technologies. The

    technical providers presented their AITECH Accredited technologies’ features

    and their methodologies. The contractors and site supervisors asked a range of

    questions, from the pricing to the methodology based off their own site

    experience in using the featured technologies.

    Day 2: Construction Demonstration at Antonino Heights, Cadiz City The actual demo done by Bilrey Construction workers was held at the NHA project site in Brgy. Luna, Cadiz City. The project makes use of the Permaforms Panel, with the horizontal layout of the boards. This new layout had been an outcome of the previous training, held in Tacloban, which had been one of the suggestions so as to guard the pouring of concrete at a correct height. Additional observations were made by the workers in the difficulty in lifting the boards at this layout, and also with the way they insert the vertical rebars. The site engineers brought up the solution they had come up with on-site, and was one of the main topics tackled at the Q&A.

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    Day 3: Wrap up and Awarding of Certificates

    The training proper ends on a review of the learning on technologies

    featured during the three-day training. Attendees who managed to complete

    the full three days were awarded certificates to signify that they are able to supervise over the use of the new technologies featured in NHA projects.

    As

    with

    the previous trainings, this event enabled

    contractors and

    supervisors to voice out their concerns and questions in using the AITECH

    Accredited technologies and again, it was a good opportunity for the

    proponents also to improve upon their technology because of various experiences on site.

    HANDS-ON TRAINING FOR DPWH-APPROVED AND AITECH ACCREDITED TECHNOLOGIES JUNE 22 – 24, 2015; NHA LEYTE –

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    HANDS-ON TRAINING FOR AITECH ACCREDITED TECHNOLOGIES FOR NCR

    PROJECTS

    NOVEMBER 24 -26, 2015; NHA BACOLOD PROJECT OFFICE, BACOLOD CITY

    Contractors and NHA engineers and architects were given the opportunity to ask for clarifications in the methodology, especially first hand

    experiences from those who are directly supervising the work on site. Many of

    the questions were also clarified in the second day, when the group went for an

    actual demonstration for the installation of the technologies in the NGC site and the Camarin site.

    Day 1: March 10, 2016, NGC Project, Holy Spirit, Quezon City; and Camarin Residences, Camarin, Caloocan City

    The participants of the training proceeded to the NGC site in Brgy. Holy

    Spirit, Quezon City, for the actual demonstration of the installation for SRC Panels

    and Steeltech Steel Decking. The concerns expressed during the previous day

    were addressed here, as the contractor of NGC performed the installation at

    SRC and Steeltech representatives’ careful attention and guidance. Then the

    groups proceed to the Camarin site, where Next Century’s M2 Panels and

    Concrete Ventures’ C-Joist are already installed. The actual demo allowed for a better understanding of the technologies as installed on site. Because the contractor has already finished installing the C-Joist and concrete pouring,

    Concrete Ventures brought a mock-up for the participants to view as the

    technical providers explained the technology.

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    Day 2: March 11, 2016, HTREX Lobby

    The Hands-On Training Seminar concluded on the third day with a preview of the Memorandum Circular on the Guidelines for Construction which

    had been the major output of the previous Hands-On Trainings for projects

    under the Yolanda Program. This training also expects to have this kind of output.

    A short workshop was done to come up with a checklist for construction

    based on the methodologies for the four tackled technologies. All the participants contributed their observations and the important look-outs to facilitate the easier checking of the project.

    Certificates were awarded after the workshop for the participants who successfully completed the three-day

    HANDS-ON TRAINING FOR AITECH ACCREDITED TECHNOLOGIES FOR NCR PROJECTS NOVEMBER 24 -26, 2015; NHA BACOLOD PROJECT

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    HANDS-ON TRAINING FOR ECO-KEY SYSTEM BY PALIGID DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION

    DECEMBER 16, 2015 AND JANUARY 08, 2016; NHA MAIN COMPOUND, ELLIPTICAL RD., DILIMAN, QUEZON CITY

    On December 16, 2015, the National Housing Authority facilitated its

    fourth Hands-On Training for the new technology, Eco-Key System.

    Spearheaded by the Housing Technology Development Office, and in partnership with Paligid Development Corporation, thirty-five of NHA’s technical staff participated in the lecture presentation and the ensuing actual

    demonstration that showed its unique construction methodology. A model

    house had been constructed in the Main Compound adopting the NHA 26 sq. m. house model to showcase the adaptability of the technology to the

    Agency’s housing design.

    The Eco-Key System is a fiber cement EPS (Expanded Polystyrene) foam board, a fast and green housing technology solution to modern pre-fabricated

    housing. Made of high strength fibers and cement, it is resistant to water and

    moisture, corrosion and acid, and pest damage. Fire tests yield that the system is A-grade and does not produce toxic fumes.

    Manufactured by pulping, shaping, cutting, pressurizing and steam- curing, the material is absolutely free of toxic substances, such as asbestos, formaldehyde, benzene, and others. Its strength enables it to be used for single-

    storey as well as multi-storey buildings. The Eco-Key System allows for ease in

    construction and installation, requiring no special tools and minimizes wastage.

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    One of the most valuable features of this technology is that its installation

    is 60% faster than traditional construction methodologies; the single storey NHA

    Model for 22 and 26 square meter area can be installed within 6 days. Its smooth surface allows it to be painted without additional preparation work before painting.

    HANDS-ON TRAINING FOR ECO-KEY SYSTEM BY PALIGID DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION DECEMBER 16, 2015 AND JANUARY 08, 2016;

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    HANDS-ON TRAINING FOR AITECH ACCREDITED TECHNOLOGIES FOR NCR PROJECTS