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Republic of the Philippines

Department of Education
Division of Rizal
Taytay National High School
Meralco Village, San Juan Taytay, Rizal


I. Objectives
a. Differentiate the active voice from passive voice and vice versa.
b. Identify the voice of the verb used in each sentences.
c. Change the voice form from active voice to passive voice and vice versa.
d. Appreciate the importance of giving yourself a break.

II. Content
Subject Matter: Voices of the Verb

III. Learning Resources

a. Reference: English 9: A Journey Through Anglo-American Literature Learner’s
b. Other Resources:

IV. Procedure
 Prayer and Checking of Attendance
 REVIEW: Let the students recall their previous lesson about verb.

A. Activity
The students will be asked to guess the correct name of the movies or TV
series that will be presented by the teacher. But, before answering the students
must say the sentence that will be assigned to them.
Student A: “The name will be guessed by (Student’s Name).”
Student B: “(Student’s Name) will guess the name.”

When the last picture have been figured out the teacher will ask the following
questions to the students.
 What do you feel when you are watch a movie or series or playing games?
 Do you think those activities can help you relax?
 Is it necessary for people to take a break from anything?
B. Analysis
The teacher will go back to the sentences, “The name will be guess by
(Student’s Name).” and “(Student’s Name) will guess the name.” Afterwards, she
will ask the following questions below in order to unpack the main topic about
Active Voice and Passive Voice.
 What have you notice on the two sentences you have used before?
 Do you think the two sentences have the same sentence pattern?
 On the sentence no. 1, where does the doer of the action located?
 On the sentence no. 1, where does the receiver of the action located?
 On the sentence no. 2, where does the doer located?
 On the sentence no. 2, where does the receiver of the action located?
 What do you think our topic will be all about?
1 3 20 9 22 5 16 1 19 19 9 22 5 22 15 9 3 5

C. Abstraction
 The voice of a verb tells whether the subject of the sentence performs or
receives the action. In English there are two voice forms: active and passive.
 In Active Voice, the subject performs the action.
 Jessica wrote a song.
Jessica (subject) is doing the writing (verb).
 Marilyn mailed the letter.
Marilyn (subject) is doing the mailing (verb).
 In Passive Voice, the subject receives the action expressed by the verb.
 A song was written by Jessica.
A song (subject) was written (verb).
 The letter was mailed by Marilyn.
The letter (subject) was being mailed (verb).


1. Simple Present  do  am/is/are done
I do my homework. My homework is done
 discusses  am/is/are discussed
The article discusses the The effects of
effects of unemployment. unemployment are
discussed in the article.
2. Present Perfect  has/have done  has/have been done
I have done my homework. My homework has been
done (by me).
 has decided  has been decided
The class has decided It has been decided by the
everyone should get an “A.” class that everyone should
get an “A.”
3. Simple Past  did  was/were done
I did my homework. My homework was been
 made  was/were made
The company made a huge The huge profit was made
profit. by the company
4. Past Perfect  had done  had been done
I had done my homework. My homework had been
 had reached  had been reached
We had reached an The agreement had been
agreement when they reached (by us) when the
presented the plan. plan was presented.
5. Simple Future  will do  will be do
I will do my homework. My homework will be done.
 will mail  will be mailed
We will mail our proposal Our proposal will be mailed
next week. (by us) next week.
6. Future Be + going to  am/is/are going to do  am/is/are going to be
I am going to do my done
homework. My homework is going to be
 am/is/are going to make  am/is/are going to be
He is going to make a made
speech about self-love. A speech is going to be
made by him.
D. Application
The class will be divided into five (5) groups, each group will be assigned to
transform the sentence in active voice into passive voice.

Transforming Active Voice to Passive Voice 5
Students have correctly transformed the sentences into other form.
Aesthetic 3
Students came up with a clean and creative draft.
Over-all Presentation 2
Students have presented their work effectively in the class

1. A famous designer will redecorate the hotel.
2. Three snowballs hit the professor.
3. The teacher answers the students’ questions.
4. Kaya washed the dishes.
5. Gary will paint the wall.
1. They renovated the restaurant in 2004.
2. He teaches English.
3. The teachers informed the students that the class had been cancelled.
4. He will wear a blue shirt.
5. I sent the report yesterday.
1. The will have repaired the roof.
2. Doctor Brown will give you some advice.
3. Someone has broken the crystal vase.
4. Steven Spielberg directed “E.T.”
5. They speak Italian in Italy.
1. Fleming discovered Penicillin.
2. The students converted each sentence into passive.
3. Harry entertained the guests.
4. Who wrote it?
5. A man requested the stranger to leave the building.
1. The author has written a special edition for children.
2. The organizers will exhibit the paintings until the end of the month.
3. Does listening to music disturb you?
4. Yesterday’s earthquake shook the whole town.
5. They never sent me the bill.

E. Assessment
Write A if the sentence is in Active Voice and P if the sentence is in Passive
1. Robin was saved by Batman. (P)
2. Dora explores the city. (A)
3. Mr. Smith will attend the premiere. (A)
4. Barbie uses the room below. (A)
5. Left-overs will be eaten by the last guest. (P)

F. Assignment
Using both Active and Passive Voice, write five reasons in sentence form
about why taking a break is important. Encircle the verbs in active voice and
underline the verbs in passive voice.