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cany students may not be aware that there are

several institutions in this country, offering specialized


postgraduate programmes in various disciplines.
Attractive scholarship / Assistantship for postgraduate
courses in engineering / Technology? Architecture
/Pharmacy at Engineering colleges / institutes in the
country ,are available to those who qualify through
GATE. Some Engineering colleges / institutes specify
GATE as a mandatory qualification even for admission
do students to post graduate programmes. The
candidate is required to find the procedure of final
selection and award of scholarship / Assistantship from
the respective Institution to which the candidate seeks
admission. GATE qualified candidates in Engineering
subjects) will also be eligible for the award of junior
research fellowship in CSIR Laboratories.


 have made every attempt to
include what matters for GATE aspirants. We hope that
you enjoy exploring the site.
 

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an


all-India examination administered and conducted in
eight zones across the country by the GATE Committee
comprising faculty from Indian Institute of Science,
Bangalore and seven Indian Institutes of Technology on
behalf of the National Coordinating Board - GATE,
Department of Education, Ministry of Human Resources
Development (MHRD), Government of India. .



To identify meritorious and motivated candidates for
admission to Post Graduate Programmes in Engineering,
Technology, Architecture and Pharmacy at the National
level. To serve as benchmark for normalisation of the
Undergraduate Engineering Education in the country.

Here is an opportunity for advanced engineering


education in India. An M.E or M.Tech degree is a
desirable qualification for our young engineers seeking a
rewarding professional career. Engineering students,
while in the final year of their degree course, spend
considerable time in seeking an opening for studies in
foreign universities.

The GATE is held every year on the second Sunday of


February, across the country in over 100 cities. At
present nearly 60,000 students write GATE every year.
Candidates can choose a single paper of 3 hours duration
to appear in GATE from the discipline papers shown in
the following Table.

Agricultural
AG Mathematics MA
Engineering
Mechanical
Architecture AR ME
Engineering
Mining
Civil Engineering CE MN
Engineering
Chemical Metallurgical
CH MT
Engineering Engineering
Computer
CS Physics PH
Science & Engg.
Production &
Chemistry CY PI
Industrial Engg.
Electronics & Pharmaceutical
EC PY
Comm. Engg. Sciences
Electrical Textile Engg.&
EE TF
Engineering Fibre Science
Geology & Engineering
GG XE
Geophysics Sciences
Instrumentation
IN Life Sciences |
Engineering

Papers XE and XL are general in nature and comprise of


the following sections:
Candidates appearing in sor s   
 



   

!

"#"$#"  # 
%( %(
%#"%&s' %#"%&s '
Engg. Maths Chemistry
A I
(Compulsory) (Compulsory)
Computational Science B Biochemistry J
Electrical Sciences C Biotechnology K
Fluid Mechanics D Botany L
Materials Science E Microbiology M
Solid Mechanics F Zoology N
Statistics G | |
Thermodynamics H | |
$

The GATE result is declared every year on 31 st March


and the score of the qualified candidates shows their All
India Rank and Percentile Score in the discipline paper
chosen by the candidates.


% 

a.|Score card will be sent only to the qualified


candidates. No information will be sent to candidates
who are not qualified.
b.|The GATE score card is a valuable document. Care
should be taken to preserve it. Additional Score
Cards, (upto a maximum of two) will be issued on
payment basis only once.
c.|The Score Card cannot be treated as a proof of
category.
d.|The score card of the Qualified Candidates will
include GATE Score, Percentile Score and Rank.

i. 


The GATE SCORE of a candidate is a statistical


performance index in the range 0 to 1000. It reflects the
ability of a candidate, irrespective of the paper or year in
which he/she has qualified. Candidates with same GATE
SCORE from different disciplines and/or years can be
considered to be of equal ability.
where,

m = marks obtained by the candidate.

a = average of marks of all candidates who appeared in


the paper mentioned on this scorecard, in the current
year.

s = standard deviation of marks of all candidates who


appeared in the paper mentioned on this scorecard, in
the current year.

K1 and K2 are determined respectively from the mean and


standard deviation of marks of all candidates across all
papers and years since GATE 2002.

A typical qualitative interpretation of the GATE SCORE,


for example, can be as follows:



i.|
›|



  
$ )
800 to 1000 Outstanding
675 to 800 Excellent
550 to 675 Very good
425 to 550 Good
Above
300 to 425
average
100 to 300 Average
Below
Below 100
average

›|
ii.| Percentile Score

The percentile score is not the same as percentage


of marks. The percentile score of a candidate shows
what percentage of candidates, who appeared in the
same paper in GATE 2005, scored less marks than
him/her. It is calculated as follows: Let N be the total
number of candidates appearing in that paper and nc
be the number of candidates who have the same all
India rank c in the same paper (there can be
bunching at a given all India rank). Then all the
candidates, whose all India rank is r, will have the
same percentile score P, where

The percentile score in each paper is calculated as


follows: Let N be the total number of candidates
appearing in that paper, and nc be the number of
candidates who have the same all India rank c in the
same paper (there can be bunching at a given all India
rank), then all the candidates, whose all India rank is r,
will have the same percentile score P, where

P = {(no. of candidates securing marks less than the


candidate concerned)/N}x100
| The evaluation of the ORS is carried out by a
computerized process using scanning machines, with
utmost care. Requests for revaluation of the answer
script and re-totaling of marks will not be
entertained.
| The GATE result and particulars of the qualified
candidates will be made available to interested
organizations (educational institutions, R and D
laboratories, industries etc.) in India and abroad
based on written request by the organization and on
payment. Details can be obtained from GATE
Chairmen of IITs / IISc.

 )  *

*)
)*
  )
  !

a.|Bachelor's degree

holders in
Engineering/Technology/Architecture/Pharmacy

and those who are in the final or pre-final year of


such programmes.

b.|Master's degree holders in any branch of


Science/Mathematics/Statistics/Computer
Applications or equivalent and those who are in the
final or pre-final year of such programmes.
1.|Candidates in the second or higher year of the
Four-year Integrated Master's degree

programme (Post-B.Sc.) in Engineering/Technology


or in the third or higher year of Five-year Integrated
Master's degree programme and Dual Degree
programme in Engineering/ Technology.

2.|Candidates with qualifications obtained through


examination conducted by professional societies
recognised by UPSC/AICTE as equivalent to
B.E./B.Tech. Those who have completed Section A
or equivalent of such professional courses are also
eligible.

 *+   


%,"(* -../

| c 0 

The question paper will be fully objective type for a


total of 150 marks divided into three groups:

i.| Group I: Question Numbers 1 to 30 (30


questions) will carry one mark each.
ii.| Group II: Question numbers 31 to 80 (50
questions) will carry two marks each.
iii.| Group III: Question Numbers 81a to 85b (10
questions) will carry two marks each. Each
number in this series (81,82,83,84,85) will have
two sub-questions (a & b). The answer to part
'b' will be linked to the correct answer to part
'a', as described below in Section (e)(vi).
a.|Each question will have four choices for the answer.
Only one choice is correct.
b.|Wrong answers carry 25% negative marks in Q1 to
Q80 and Q81a, 82a, 83a, 84a and 85a. Marks for
correct answers to Q81b, 82b, 83b, 84b and 85b will
be given only if the answer to the corresponding part
'a' is correct. However, Q81b, 82b, 83b, 84b and 85b
will not carry any negative marks.
c.|Papers bearing the code AG, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN,
IT, ME, MN, MT, PI, TF will contain questions on
Engineering Mathematics to the extent of 20 to 25
marks.
d.|The multiple choice objective test questions can be
of the following type:

i.| 



 ) ) 1 
  2 2 

Example:
Q. The time independent Schrodinger equation
of a system represents the conservation of the

A.|total binding energy of the system


B.|total potential energy of the system
C.|total kinetic energy of the system
D.| total energy of the system
ii.| 



 ) 
  *


The question may be accompanied by four
options P, Q, R, S and the choices may be a
combination of these options. The candidate has
to choose the right combination as the correct
answer.

Example:
Q. The infra-red stretching frequency njco of
(P) Mn(CO)6+ (Q) CO (R) H3BlCO (S)
-
[V(CO)6] follows the order

A.|P>R>S>Q
B.|S>P>R>Q
C.|Q>S>P>R
D.| R>Q>P>S

iii.| 3 42$ 34  with the choices


stating if [a]/[r] are True/False and/or stating if
[r] is correct/incorrect reasoning of [a]

Example:
Q. Determine the correctness or otherwise of the
following Assertion [a] and the Reason [r]

Assertion: For a fully developed laminar flow in


a circular pipe the average velocity is one half of
the maximum velocity.

Reason: The velocity for a fully developed


laminar flow in a circular pipe varies linearly in
the radial direction.

A.|Both [a] and [r] are true and [r] is the


correct reason for [a]
B.|Both [a] and [r] are true but [r] is not the
correct reason for [a]
C.|Both [a] and [r] are false
D.| [a] is true but [r] is false

iv.| c 
 ! Match all items in Column 1 with
correct options from those given in Column 2
and choose the correct set of combinations from
the choices A, B, C and D.

Example:
Q. Match the following and choose the correct
combination

%    
P. Chennai 1. Andhra Pradesh
Q. Bangalore 2. West Bengal
R. Mumbai 3. Rajasthan
S. Kolkata 4. Karnataka
5. Tamil Nadu
6. Maharashtra

(A) (B) (C) (D)


P-1 P-5 P-5 P-4
Q- Q- Q- Q-
6 4 4 5
R- R- R- R-
4 3 6 6
S- S- S- S-
5 2 2 2

v.| %    ! Multiple


questions may be linked to a common problem
data, passage and the like. Two or three
questions can be formed from the given
common problem data. Each question is
independent and its solution obtainable from the
above problem data/passage directly. (Answer
of the previous question is not required to solve
the next question). Each question under this
group will carry two marks.

Example:
%   *5 67687.! The gas phase
reaction, 2P + 4Q ß 2R which is first order in P
and first order in Q is to be carried out
isothermally in a plug flow reactor. The entering
volumetric flow rate is 2.5 dm3/min and the feed
is equimolar in P and Q. The entering
temperature and pressure are 727oC and 10 atm
respectively. The specific reaction rate at this
temperature is 4 dm3/gmol min and the
activation energy is 15,000 cal/gmol.
Q.78. What is the volumetric flow rate in
dm3/min when the conversion of P is 25%?

(A) 1.88 (B) 5.40 (C) 7.10 (D)


10.80

Q.79. What is the rate of reaction in @  

when the conversion of P is 40%

(A) 1.82 x 103 (B) 4.95 x 10-3 (C) 6.2


x 10-3 (D) 9.73 x 103

Q.80. What is the value of the specific reaction


rate constant in  @  min at 1227oC?

(A) 17.68 (B) 22.32 (C) 49.60 (D)


59.75

vi.| 9 ! The question will


consist of a problem statement followed by two
sub-questions (a) and (b) based on the problem
statement. The solution to part (b) depends
upon the answer to part (a). Each part (a) as
well as (b) in such linked answer questions will
carry two marks.

Example:
  *9 5 7: ;7:!
A reversible Carnot engine operates between the
actual heat input temperature of 1000 K and
actual heat rejection temperature of 250 K. The
ambient temperature is 200 K.
Q.81a The efficiency of this engine will be

A) 5% (B) 20% (C) 25% (D) 75%

Q.81b The above engine is to provide the power


output of 100 kW. The heat input required will
be

(A) 133.33 kW (B) 400 kW (C) 500


kW (D) 2000 kW

In the above simplistic example, the calculation


of heat input in Q.81b requires the value of
efficiency calculated in Q.81a as the first step.

| 
*s2s 0 

a.|XE and XL papers contain a number of sections.
Each Section is of 50 marks. Each Section will be
fully objective type and the questions are
divided into three groups.
i.| Group I: Question Numbers 1 to 10 (10
questions) will carry one mark each.
ii.| Group II: Question numbers 11 to 26 (16
questions) will carry two marks each.
iii.| Group III: Question Numbers 27a to 28b (4
questions) will carry two marks each. Each
number in this series (27, 28) will have two
subquestions (a & b). The solution to part
'b' will be linked to the correct answer to
part 'a', as described above in (e) (vi).
b.|All questions have four choices with only one
being correct.
c.|Wrong answers carry 25% negative marks in Q1
to Q26 and Q27a, 28a. Marks for correct
answers to Q27b, 28b, will be given only if the
answer to the corresponding part 'a' is correct.
However, Q27b, 28b will not carry any negative
marks.
d.|The types of multiple choice questions are the
same as in the Main papers as described above
in (e).

1.Material Collection

| Syllabus
| All the relevant books based on the subject(Divide
the books in two groups - (1) Fundamental and basic
concepts (2) Problem oriented
| Some books helpful for pre-requisite knowledge on
the subject
| Some good guide books for GATE
| Previous questions papers

2.Keep contact with some expert and GATE experienced


persons

3.Study - Syllabus and Previous questions papers

4.Start from the first chapter

| read at least 5 books, it will widen your knowledge(if


necessary consult with the books for pre-requisite
knowledge or with some expert)
| Note down the probable concepts(definitions, unit,
dimension etc.)
| Note down necessary theories, formulae etc
| Solve problems as maximum as possible(from text
books, Guide books etc)
| Think about various tricks in solving problems(if
necessary, note it)
| Go for series of self tests based on this chapter(take
other's help to conduct tests)
| Continue the self tests until getting a very good
score

5.Solve more and more problems, discover more and


more new tricks«

6.Follow the same procedure for the rest chapters

7.Finally, go for self tests based on whole syllabus(take


other's help to conduct these tests)

8.On the exam day«you will be at the Pick, who can stop
you?
|

GATE, like CAT and unlike GRE, GMAT or Board examinations, is a zero sum game. You
need to beat someone else to rise up the ranks. You should always remember the fact that
you are adjudged relatively, not absolutely. Hence, your rank obviously depends on how
you performed relative to your competitors. It does not really matter whether you got 89
marks out of 150, or 148 marks out of 150. What matters the most is how many people you
have beaten and how many people have beaten you.

The following list gives us an indication of the degree of competition that was there in GATE
2004.

As we can see, only 137 applicants out of every 1000 applicants in computer science stream
were qualified, and only 4 out of 1000 applicants were admitted in premier institutions like
IITs and IISc.
0 
0   
%

$)  5 < 5 <

AG Agricultural Engineering 672 649 158 96.58 24.35

AR Architecture & Planning 1387 1311 305 94.52 23.26

CE Civil Engineering 10165 9340 2370 91.88 25.37

CH Chemical Engineering 6874 6447 1542 93.79 23.92

CS Computer Science & Engg 40708 37797 5181 92.85 13.71

CY Chemistry 3174 2936 791 92.5 26.94

EC Electronics & Comm. Engg 34082 31567 4732 92.62 14.99

EE Electrical Engineering 19858 18548 3442 93.4 18.56

GG Geology & Geophysics 400 374 87 93.5 23.26

IN Instrumentation Engineering 5067 4765 663 94.04 13.91

MA Mathematics 1497 1342 293 89.65 21.83

ME Mechanical Engineering 28056 26241 4625 93.53 17.63

MN Mining Engineering 337 318 95 94.36 29.87

MT Metallurgical Engineering 1300 1185 339 91.15 28.67

PH Physics 2548 2358 598 92.54 25.36

PI Production & Ind.Engg 2682 2489 454 92.8 18.24

PY Pharmaceutical Sciences 6847 6475 1765 94.57 27.26

TF Textile Engg & Fibre Science 586 554 137 94.54 24.73

XE Engineering Sciences 1208 1087 267 89.98 24.56

XL Life Sciences 3849 3571 1033 92.78 28.93

  :6:-86 :/8=/> -7766 8= .= :7 :-

Regd : Number of candidates registered


App : Number of candidates finally appeared in the GATE.
App% : Percentage of applicants actually taking up the exam.
Qual% : Percentage of people who qualified among the candidates who appeared

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