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com  13,  2019 -  7


Find the area bounded by y =4x and x =4y
2 2

DEFINE INTEGRATION

K. Kumar
Sr. Faculty,
Hyderabad
94929 56214

10th Class
Special
10  13,  2019 -  ntnews.com ntadilabad.com

106    ?


 &  1) �. 40 
3) �. 60 
2) �. 50 
4) �. 70 
31.       
1. 2019,  12      ?
 ? 1)  � 2) 
1)155 2)156 3)157 4) 160 3) �  4) �
2.  13, 14, 15    32.        
         ?
? 1) � 2) �
1)30 2)41 3)42 4)45 3) �� 4) �
3.  22  25      33.  11       
  ?  ?
1)  2) �  &   
1)49 2)50 3)51 4)48
4.       ? 3) � 4)     
1) � 2)  34.        ? 
3)  4) �� 20. 2030      1) � 2) � 3) �� 4) �
5.      10     ? 35.        
1) � 2) � 3) � 4) � ? 49.      
  52        ?
 ? 21.      ? 1) � 2) �
1) �. 115 � 2) �. 110 � 3) � 4) � 1)  2) �
1) � 2)  � 3) �� 4) ��
3)  4) �� 3) �. 165 � 4) �. 175 � 36.       11   
22.  19, 20    ? 50.  -    
6.    - 2019     ?
 ?      1) � 2) �
? 3) � 4) � 1)  2)  3) � 4) �
1)  10 2)  9 51.       
3)  7 4)  11 1) � 2)  37.      
3) � 4) �� .     ? ?
7. 368       1)  2) 
 ? 23.      1) � 2) �
 ,    ? 3) � � 4) � 3) �� 4) ��
1)124 2)125 3)126 4)127 52.    - 2018    
8.       1) � 2)  38.      
3)  4)     ?    
 ? ?
1)1991 2)1992 3)1993 4) 1994 24.   100    1) � 2) 
    ? 3) � 4) � 1) �� 2) �
9.      3) � 4)  
 10    ? 1) 37 2) 38 3) 39 4) 40 39.     ( 1000  
25.  ‘   ’   0.8 )   ? 53.  -      
1)23 2)24 3)25 4)26  ?
10.             1)� 2)�� 3)��� 4)
,    ? 40. 2019      1) 21 2) 15 3) 14 4) 20
     54. 106    ?
? 1) � � 2) �    ?
3)  4) �� 1) � 2) � 1)   2) ���
1)    2)   �� 3) �� � 4) � 
3)   4)   � 26.  10      3) �� 4) 
11.          ? 41.       
  - 2018   ? ANSWERS
  ? 1) � 2) �
1)33 2)45 3)99 4)108 1-2 2-1 3-1 4-4 5-2 6-2
1)  2)  3)  4) ��
42.       7-1 8-2 9-1 10-3 11-3 12-3
3)   4) 
12.    2019,  25  27  ()    ? 13-2 14-4 15-1 16-1 17-3 18-1
27.         1) 2)� 3)� 4)� 19-4 20-4 21-1 22-4 23-1 24-2
 ?   ?
1) � 43.       25-1 26-2 27-4 28-2 29-4 30-1
1) �� 2)     ? 31-3 32-2 33-1 34-4 35-4 36-1
2) � ��  3) ��� 4)  
3) �� 4)    1) 7 2) 6 37-3 38-2 39-3 40-1 41-4 42-3
28.      3) ��9 4) �4
13.         43-2 44-3 45-1 46-1 47-1 48-2
  . ,    44.  -     2018 
? 49-4 50-3 51-1 52-4 53-2 54-4
?  ?
1) � 2) � 1)1000 2)1700 3)1800 4) 1900
3)  4) 
14.      
29.     ?
1) �
3) 
2)  - 
4) �   
1)  2) � 45.      ?
  10  ? 3)  4) � �   �
1)  2) � 1) �� 2)  � � � �  �
30.      . 20  3)  � 4)  
3)  4)    ?   
15.      . � . , 
,     ?  �
1) �, � 2) , � 46.  18    �,  �
3) �,  4) �  ?  � 
16.  15      1) � 2) �   ��  .
3) �� �
 

   ?   �


1)71 2)72 3)73 4)74 4) � � � �  ��  
17.       ?     �  
1)� 2)� 3)� 4)� 47.     2018  �  � �.
18.        ? �,  �   
 .      1)  2) �   �  �  
? 3) � 4) � � �� �.
1)  2) � 3) � 4) � :  
19.         48.      : �
    ? 14  ? : 608
1) � 2)  1) �  2) � :549
3)  4)  3)  � 4) �  �     
16 Á‹tyÓ˛ ÚflO˝ßÊ˛-Δ>-ªÍßä˛ ∑ B®–ÈΔÊˇÖ 13 fØ˲–ö˛« 2019 www.andhrajyothy com .

"—$ÁŸØå˛ M>Mʸ°ƒÊ˝$'Mʸ$ gÍ°ƒÊ˝$ Á≥#ΔÊˇ›ÎPΔÊˇÖ

MʸΔˇÖ-så˝ A-ÚúO-Δäˇfi
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Ú≥œMä¸fi §ƒÙ˝$-r-ΔäˇØ˲$ ∞«√Ö-^ÈΔÊˇ$. –˲-Ø˲-ΔÊˇ$-À$,- —-ßÊ˛$≈-ô˲$¢, -Á≥#-Ø˲-ΔÊˇ$-ôȵ-ßÊ˛Mʸ CÖ´ßÊ˛Ø˲ –˲Ø˲-ΔÊˇ$À
ı≥ßÊ˛À «f-ΔÛˇ”-ÁŸØå˛ ºÀ$œMʸ$ Á≥rt-◊Í-∞Mϸ Á‹“$-Á≥ÖÃZ Ì≥ÖyÏ˛- ØÛ˛ÁŸ-Ø˲Ãå˝ ›ÎtMä¸ GMÛ¸fieÖgå˝ ^˛OΔÊˇ√Øå˛ Δ>i-ØÈ–ö˛* ∞ΔÊˇ”-Áfl˝-◊˝ÃZ "Ú‹Ö{rÃå˝
EøÊ˝ƒÊ˝$ Á‹øÊ˝À B–˛*ßÊ˛Ö ¥Î‚Ò–˛yÊ˛˝À$µ Ö –˲ßÊ˛™ 106 AyÊ˛$-Vʸ$À
ô˛ΔÊˇØ˲$ HΔ>µr$ ØÛ˛ÁŸ-Ø˲Ãå˝ ›ÎtMä¸ GMÛ¸fieÖ-gå˝(-G-Øå˛-Gã-‹D) ^˛OΔÊˇ√Øå˛ Á≥ßÊ˛-—Mϸ Δ>ÔŸâƒÊ˝$Ö ªZΔäˇz Bãú C«-VÛ¸-ÁŸØå˛
B«¶-MʸÖV> –˛Ø˲$-Mʸ-∫-yÏ˛-Ø˲-–È-«Mϸ —ßÊ˛≈, E߯≈Vʸ ΔÊˇÖV>ÃZœ ^Û˛‘>ΔÊˇ$. ΔÊˇ*.40 M¯rœ A‘ZMä¸ ^È–Èœ Δ>i-ØÈ–ö˛* ^Û˛‘ÈΔÊˇ$. GΔˇ$$-Δäˇ-Ú‹-så˝&-–ö˛*≈-Mϸfiã‹
10 ‘>ôË˛Ö «f-ΔÛˇ”-ÁŸØ˲$œ MʸյÖ^Û˛ 124–˲- Δ>gÍ≈ÖVʸ Á‹–˲- –˲≈ƒÊ˝$Öô¯- ƒÊ˝$*“ {MϸƒÙ˝$-ÁŸØå˛fi Á‹ÖÁ‹¶ HyÊ˛$-Ø˲≤ΔÊˇ GMʸ-Δ>ÃZœ D –˲$Œt-Ú≥œ- MÛ¸Á‹$ÃZ —^È-«Ö-^Û˛Ö-ßÊ˛$Mʸ$ MÛ¸Ö{ßÊ˛ ßÊ˛Δ>≈Á≥#¢ Á‹ÖÁ‹¶(-Ô‹-Ω-I)Mϸ
ΔÊˇ◊˝ ºÀ$œMʸ$ ÃZMä¸-Á‹øÊ˝ fØ˲-–˲« 8Ø˲ B–˛*ßÊ˛Ö ô˛Õ- Mä¸fiØ˲$ ∞«√Ö-_Ö®. D Ú≥ßÊ˛™ ô˛ΔÊˇ 670 Ô‹rœ ›Î–ö˛$ΔÊˇ¶≈Ö MʸÀ®. —$VʸôÈ {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”Ö AØ˲$-–ö˛$Ü C_aÖ®. D ØÛ˛Á≥-£Ê˛≈Ö-ÃZØÛ˛ D Á≥«-
Ì≥Ö®.- ºÀ$œMʸ$ AØ˲$-Mʸ*-ÀÖV> 323 Kr$œ Δ>V> –˲≈Ü-ΔÛˇ- ΔˇÖyÊ˛$ ô˛ΔÊˇÀ$ 170 Ô‹rœ ›Î–ö˛$-ΔÊˇ¶≈Öô¯ ΔÊˇ*¥˜Ö-®Ö-^ÈΔÊˇ$.- BÌ‹-ƒÊ˝*ÃZ ◊Í–ö˛$Ö ^¯r$-^Û˛-Á‹$-MˆÖ®. B«¶Mʸ –ö˛*i M>ΔÊˇ≈-ßÊ˛«ÿ AΔˇ$$Ø˲
MʸÖV> 3 Kr$œ –˲*{ô˲–Û˛$ –˲^ÈaΔˇ$$. DΩÔ‹-ÀMʸ$ «f-ΔÛˇ”- C® ΔˇÖy¯ Ú≥ßÊ˛™ –˲$Œt-Ú≥œMä¸fi. ^È–Èœ 2016 –ö˛*«a 28Ø˲ GØå˛-Gã-‹D ^˛OΔÊˇ√Øå˛ ªÍ´ßÊ˛≈-ô˲À$
ÁŸØ˲$œ AÖ®Ö-^ÈÕ AÖsÙ˝ {Á≥Á‹$¢ôË˛Ö EØ˲≤ 50 ‘>ôË˛Ö Ô‹”Mʸ-«Ö-^ÈΔÊˇ$.

{Á≥Á≥Ö-^˲ÖÃZ –˲$*y¯ AÜ-Ú≥ßÊ˛™ —Á≥◊Ï˝ øÍΔÊˇ-ôå˛ ^˛OØÈÃZ øÍΔÊˇô˲ Δ>ƒÊ˝$-ªÍ-«V> —{Mʸ-–í˛$ IG-ÖGãú {Á≥´ßÈØ˲ B«¶-Mʸ-–Û˛-ô˲¢V> Á≥–˲Δäˇ' HsÍ AÖ®Ö^Û˛ GMʸfi-ÃÒ˝-Øå˛fi A–ÈΔÊˇ$z —$ÁŸ-Øå˛ M>Mʸ-
°-ƒÊ˝$Mʸ$ ßÊ˛MϸPÖ®. fØ˲-–˲« 4Ø˲ …Ï˛ÃZœ f«-WØ˲ M>ΔÊˇ≈-{Mʸ-
A–˛$-«-M>, -^˛O-ØÈÀ ô˲ΔÊˇ–Èô˲ AÜ-Ú≥ßÊ˛™ –˲$*y¯ —∞-ƒÒ˝*Vʸ —Á≥-◊Ï˝V> øÍΔÊˇ-ôå˛ A–˲- ^˛OØÈÃZ øÍΔÊˇô˲ Δ>ƒÊ˝$-ªÍ-«V> —{Mʸ-–í˛$ —$Ô‹à fØ˲- XôÈ V¯Ô≥-ØÈ£ä˛ –ö˛$ÖÃZ MÛ¸Ö{ßÊ˛ —ßÊ˛$≈-ôå˛ –˲$Ö{Ü Δ>gå˝-Mʸ$-–˲*Δäˇ Ì‹ÖVä¸
ô˲-«Ö-^˲-ªZ-ô¯Ö-ßÊ˛∞ {Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$ ô˲Ø˲ ôÈgÍ ∞–Û˛-®-Mʸ(V¯œ∫Ãå˝ GMʸØÈ—$Mä¸ –˲« 8Ø˲ ªÍ´ßÊ˛≈-ô˲À$ Ô‹”Mʸ-«Ö-^È-ΔÊˇ$.- BƒÊ˝$Ø˲ 1989–˲ AÖô˲-Δ>j-°ƒÊ˝$ Ø˲$Ö_ ô˛ÀÖ-V>◊˝ _Ø˲≤ ±sÏ˝-¥Î-ΔÊˇ$-ßÊ˛-À-‘>Q `ãú CÖf-
{¥ÎÚ‹µMä¸tfi «¥˘Δäˇt)ÃZ AÖ^˲ØÈ –Û˛Ì‹Ö-®. -ßÛ˛-÷-ƒÊ˝$ÖV> —∞-ƒÒ˝*-Vʸ-ßÈ-ΔÊˇ$À ªÍ≈^å˛ CÖyÏ˛-ƒÊ˝$-Øå˛ ∏ΫØå˛ Á‹»”ã‹ A´®-M>-«.- Vʸ-ô˲ÖÃZ {ßÊ˛–˲≈-∞´® {Á≥´ßÈØ˲ ±ΔÊˇ$ ‘>≈ÖÁ‹$Ö-ßÊ˛Δäˇ A–È-ΔÊˇ$zØ˲$ AÖßÊ˛$-Mʸ$-ØÈ≤-ΔÊˇ$.
–˲≈ƒÊ˝$Ö Ú≥ΔÊˇ$-Vʸ$-ô˲$Ö-yÊ˛-rÖô¯ øÍΔÊˇôå˛ –˲$*y¯ ›Î¶ØÈ-∞Mϸ ^Û˛ΔÊˇ$-Mʸ$Ö-r$Ö- IΔ¯-¥Î,- B-{ÌúM>,- B-Ì‹-ƒÊ˝*,- E-ô˲¢ΔÊˇ A–˛$-«-M>-ÃZœ∞ B«¶-Mʸ-–Û˛-ô˲¢V> 2014ÃZ sÏ˝BΔäˇGã‹ {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”Ö A´®-M>-ΔÊˇÖ-ÃZMϸ Δ>V>ØÛ˛
ßÊ˛∞ —‘Û˝œ-ÌŸÖ-_Ö-®. -{Á≥-Á‹$¢ôË˛Ö ßÛ˛÷ƒÊ˝$ —∞-ƒÒ˝*-Vʸ-ßÈ-ΔÊˇ$À –˲≈ƒÊ˝*À$ ß˙ô˲≈ M>Δ>≈-À-ƒÊ˝*ÃZœ —$Ô‹à Á≥∞-^Û˛-‘>-ΔÊˇ$.- ^˛O-ØÈÃZ {Á≥–˲$$Q øÍΔÊˇ- _Ø˲≤-±-sÏ˝-¥Î-ΔÊˇ$-ßÊ˛À {¥Î´ßÈ-Ø˲≈-ô˲Ø˲$ Vʸ$«¢Ö_ VˆÀ$-Á‹$-
ΔÊˇ*.1.5 ÀÑʸÀ M¯rœ yÈÀΔÊˇœ Ø˲$Ö_ 2030 ØÈsÏ˝Mϸ BΔÊˇ$ ÀÑʸÀ M¯rœ yÈÀ- Δ>ƒÊ˝$-ªÍ-«V> Á≥∞-^Û˛-Ì‹Ø˲ V˙ôË˛Ö ∫ÖªÍ-–ÈÃÒ˝ 2018 °ƒÊ˝$ A–˛$-«-MʸØå˛ Mʸr$t ^˛ΔÊˇ$-–˲#À A¿-–˲ñ-®ÆMϸ —$ÁŸ-Øå˛ -M>-Mʸ-°ƒÊ˝$ Á≥£Ê˛-M>∞≤
ΔÊˇœMʸ$ Ú≥«VÛ¸ A–˲-M>‘Ë˝Ö EÖßÊ˛∞ AÖ^˲-ØÈ- –Û˛-Ì‹Ö-®. -{Á≥-Á‹$¢ôË˛Ö 7.5 ‘>ôË˛Ö Ø˲–˲Ö-∫-ΔÊˇ$ÃZ Á≥ßÊ˛“ —ΔÊˇ-–˲$◊˝ ¥˜ÖßÈ-ΔÊˇ$. B AΔÊˇ¶‘È{Á‹¢ ∞Á≥#-◊˝$- {¥ÎΔÊˇÖ-¿Ö_ Δ>ÁŸâ-–È≈-Á≥¢ÖV> EØ˲≤ 40 –Û˛ÀMʸ$ Ú≥OV>
–È«¤Mʸ iyÓ˛Ô≥ –˲ñ®Æ ΔÛˇr$ô¯ øÍΔÊˇ-ôå˛ {Á≥Á≥Ö-^˲Ö-ÃZ-ØÛ˛- BΔ¯ AÜ-Ú≥ßÊ˛™ B«¶Mʸ ›Î¶Ø˲ÖÃZ —{Mʸ-–í˛$ ^˛OØÈÃZ øÍΔÊˇô˲ Δ>ƒÊ˝$-ªÍ-«V> Δ>À$ XôÈ V¯Ô≥- ^˛ΔÊˇ$-–˲#-ÀØ˲$ Á≥#Ø˲-ΔÊˇ$-ßÊ˛Æ-«Ö-_Ö®.
–˲≈–˲-Á‹¶V> MˆØ˲-›Î-Vʸ$-ô¯Ö®. 2030 ØÈsÏ˝Mϸ ßÛ˛÷ƒÊ˝$ {Ú≥ï–Û˛r$ —∞-ƒÒ˝*VÊ¸Ö ∞ƒÊ˝$-—$-ô˲$-À-ƒÊ˝*≈ΔÊˇ$.
B«¶MʸÖ

ßÛ˛‘Ë˝ iyÓ˛-Ô≥ÃZ 60‘>-ôÈ-∞Mϸ ^Û˛ΔÊˇ$M¯-–ö˛-^˲a∞, AÁ≥µ-sÏ˝Mϸ —∞-ƒÒ˝*-Vʸ-ßÈΔÊˇ$ ØÈ´ßä˛ ªÍ´ßÊ˛≈-ô˲À$


—Á≥◊Ï˝ BΔÊˇ$ ÀÑʸÀ M¯rœ yÈÀ-ΔÊˇœMʸ$ Á‹$À$-–˲#V> ^Û˛ΔÊˇ$-M¯-Vʸ-À-ßÊ˛∞ yÊ˛∫*œ≈- {Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$ A´ßÊ˛≈-Ñʸ$yÊ˛$ ^Û˛Á≥-sÍt-
DGãú A¿-{¥Î-ƒÊ˝$-Á≥-yÏ˛Ö®. Mϸ–í˛$ Δ>i-ØÈ–Ë˛* ƒ Ê ˝ $Ö A–ÈΔÊˇ$zÀ$
AÖô Ë ˛ Δ > j °
øÍΔÊˇô˲ iyÓ˛Ô≥ –˲ñ®Æ-ΔÛˇr$ 7.3 ‘>ôË˛Ö {Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$ A´ßÊ˛≈-Ñʸ$yÊ˛$ ΔÊˇ$. D {Á≥Ü-⁄Îx-ô˲√Mʸ Á≥ßÊ˛-—∞ ^Û˛Á≥-sÏ˝tØ˲ {Á≥Ü-⁄Îx-ô˲√Mʸ 76–˲ V¯ÃÒ˝zØå˛ V¯œªå˝
h–í˛$ ƒÊ˝*ÖVä¸ Mϸ–í˛$ Ìú{∫-–ö˛« 1Ø˲ ôˆÕ –˲$Ìfl˝-‚Ê˝V> Xô˲ ^˲«{ô˲ Á‹ñÌŸtÖ-^È-ΔÊˇ$. -–˲$-»ã‹ A–È-ΔÊˇ$zÀ –Û˛yÊ˛$-MʸÀ$ fØ˲-–˲« 6Ø˲ M>Õ-
{Á≥Á‹$¢ô˲ B«¶Mʸ Á‹Ö–˲-ô˲fi-ΔÊˇÖÃZ øÍΔÊˇô˲ iyÓ˛Ô≥ Á≥ßÊ˛— Ø˲$Ö_ –˛O߈-À-Vʸ-Ø˲$-ØÈ≤-ΔÊˇ$.- B-ΔÛˇ-‚Ê˝œMʸ$Ú≥OV> Bªå˝fit ÚúÃå˝z ›Î¶Ø˲ÖÃZ Xô˲ ı‹–˲-ÀÖ-®Ö-^˲-Ø˲$-ØÈ≤-ΔÊˇ$. - ∏˘-«≤-ƒÊ˝*-ÃZ∞ ªÒ˝–˲»œ Ìfl˝Ãå˝fi Ø˲Vʸ-ΔÊˇÖÃZ f«-
–˲ñ®Æ-ΔÛˇr$ 7.3 ‘>ô˲ÖV> EÖyÊ˛-Ø˲$Ö-ßÊ˛∞ {Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ Mϸ–í˛$ D Á≥ßÊ˛-—ÃZ EØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$. 2022 –˲ΔÊˇMʸ* VʸyÊ˛$–˲# –˛$O-Á‹*-ΔÊˇ$ÃZ f∞√Ö-_Ø˲ Xô˲ A–˛$-«-M>-ÃZ∞ –ÈÌŸÖ- V>Δˇ$$. A–˛$-«M> sÒ˝Õ-
ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$ AÖ^˲ØÈ –Û˛Ì‹Ö-®. {Á≥-Á≥Ö-^˲Ö-ÃZØÛ˛ EØÈ≤ –˲≈Mϸ¢-Vʸô˲ M>ΔÊˇ-◊ÍÀô¯ Á≥ßÊ˛— Ø˲$Ö_ –˛O߈-À$- Vʸt-Øå˛ —‘Ë˝”-—-ßÈ≈-À-ƒÊ˝$ÖÃZ GÖ.G., -{Ì≥-Øå˛firØå˛ —‘Ë˝”-—- —-fØå˛, Ì‹∞–˲* ΔÊˇÖV>-∞Mϸ
Aô˲≈Öô˲ –Û˛VʸÖV> –˲ñ®Æ ^˛ÖßÊ˛$-ô˲$Ø˲≤ B«¶Mʸ Vʸ$-ô˲$-Ø˲≤r$œ Mϸ–í˛$ {Á≥Mʸ-sÏ˝Ö-^È-ΔÊˇ$. BƒÊ˝$Ø˲ ›Î¶Ø˲ÖÃZ ßÈ≈-À-ƒÊ˝$ÖÃZ Ì≥Úfl˝-^å˛yÏ˛ Á≥N«¢-^Û˛-‘>-ΔÊˇ$. -{Ì≥-Øå˛fi- Á‹Ö∫Ö-´®Ö_ D A–È-ΔÊˇ$z-ÀØ˲$
–˲≈–˲-Á‹¶V> øÍΔÊˇ-ôå˛- MˆØ˲-›Î-Vʸ$-ô¯Ö-ßÊ˛∞ ı≥ΔˆPÖ-®. {Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$ Ô‹D–¯ {Mϸ̋t-ÕØÈ gÍ«j–È rØå˛ÃZ E{y¯ —Àfi-Øå˛ ÚúÃZÌŸã≥ Á≥#ΔÊˇ-›ÎPΔÊˇÖ AÖ®-›Î¢ΔÊˇ$. A–˛$-«-MʸØå˛ Áfl˝Á‹≈
-—-∞-ƒÒ˝*-VʸÖ, Ú≥-r$t-∫-yÊ˛$À$ Á≥#Ök-Mʸ$∞ –˲^Û˛a ôÈôÈP-ÕMʸ A´®-Á≥-ÜV> ªÍ´ßÊ˛≈-ô˲À$ ^Û˛Á≥-yÊ˛-ôÈ-ΔÊˇ$. - B–˛$Mʸ$ ßÊ˛MϸPÖ-®.-‡-ΔÊˇ”Δäˇz –˲«fi-sÓ˝ÃZ {Á≥Ü-⁄Îx- {Á≥´ßÈØ˲ _{ôË˛Ö "{XØå˛ ∫$Mä¸' –˲$*yÊ˛$
ΔˇÖyÊ˛$ B«¶Mʸ Á‹Ö–˲-ô˲fi-Δ>ÃZœ 7.5 ‘>ôË˛Ö ^ˆÁ≥#µØ˲ {Á≥-Á≥Ö^˲ ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$ÃZ Aô˲≈-´®Mʸ –ÈsÍ MʸÕ-WØ˲ A–˛$- ô˲√Mʸ gÍØå˛ gÍ”{Øå˛›Ît {¥˜ÚúÁ‹-Δäˇ-ÌŸã≥ V˙ΔÊˇ- Á≥#ΔÊˇ-›ÎP-Δ>-Àô¯ A{Vʸ-›Î¶-Ø˲ÖÃZ ∞Õ-
øÍΔÊˇ-ôå˛ÃZ –˲ñ®Æ Ø˲–˛*-ßÊ˛$-M>-Vʸ-À-ßÊ˛∞ AÖ^˲ØÈ. «M> Ø˲$Ö_ A´ßÊ˛≈-Ñʸ$yÊ˛$ G∞≤-Mʸ-–˲#-ôÈ-ΔÊˇ$.- ßÈ-∞Mϸ –È∞≤ Mʸ*yÈ Xô˲ ¥˜ÖßÈ-ΔÊˇ$. -MÛ¸-ΔÊˇ‚Ê˝ _Ö®.- B ô˲ΔÊˇ-–ÈÜ ›Î¶ØÈÃZœ {ºsÏ˝ãŸ
2019, 2020 Á‹Ö–˲-ô˲fi-Δ>ÃZœ ^˛OØÈ B«¶Mʸ –˲ñ®Æ –˲ΔÊˇ$-Á‹V> 6.2 ‘>ô˲Ö, 6 ‘>ôË˛Ö ¿Ø˲≤ÖV> 2012ÃZ ßÊ˛Ñϸ◊˝ Mˆ«-ƒÊ˝*Mʸ$ ^˛Ö®Ø˲ Mϸ–í˛$ Ô‹GÖMʸ$ B«¶Mʸ Á‹À-‡-ßÈ-ΔÊˇ$V> –˲≈–˲-Áfl˝- _{ôË˛Ö "ªüÚfl˝-—$-ƒÊ˝$Øå˛ Δ>¥˜fiyÓ˛', ›Îµ∞ãŸ
^ˆÁ≥#µØ˲ Ø˲–˛*ßÊ˛$ M>–ˆ-^˲a∞ {Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$ AÖ^˲ØÈ –Û˛Ì‹Ö-®. 2018ÃZ ^˛OØÈ D Á≥ßÊ˛— ^Û˛Á≥-sÍtΔÊˇ$. «-Á‹$¢-ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$. _{ôË˛Ö "Δ¯–ö˛*' ^˛Δ¯ ΔˇÖyÊ˛$ Á≥#ΔÊˇ-›ÎP-Δ>-Àô¯
iyÓ˛Ô≥ 6.5 ‘>ô˲Ö-V>,- øÍ-ΔÊˇô˲ iyÓ˛Ô≥ 7.3 ‘>ô˲ÖV> Ø˲–˛*-ßÊ˛-–˲#-ôÈ-ƒÊ˝$∞ ı≥ΔˆPÖ®. ∞Õ-^ÈΔˇ$$.
Eô˲¢–˲$ _{ô˲Ö(-{yÈ–Ë˛*): 76–˲ V¯ÃÒ˝z-Øå˛ V¯œªå˝
ªüÚfl˝-—$-ƒÊ˝$Øå˛ Δ>¥˜fiyÓ˛
Eô˲¢–ö˛$ _{ô˲Ö(-–ö˛$*≈-h-MʸÃå˝ BΔäˇ
fØ˲-–˲« 5Ø˲ –ö˛$$ÖªÒ˝OÃZ f«-WØ˲ ÚúOØ˲ÃZœ ªÒ˝ÖVʸ-‚Ê˝*ΔÊˇ$ ∫$Ãå˝fi fr$t {MÓ¸yÊ˛À$ M>–˛$yÓ˛): {XØå˛- ∫$Mä¸
B[ı‹t-Õ-ƒÊ˝*ÃZ sÒ˝Á‹$t Ì‹»ã‹ Ø˛WYØ˲ øÍΔÊˇôå˛ Vʸ$f-Δ>ôå˛ ∏ÎΔÊˇ$a≈Øå˛ gÒ˝Δˇ$$Öså˝fi fr$tØ˲$ 38&33 ôÛ˛yÈô¯ KyÏ˛Ö_ BΔ¯ ^˛Ö®Ø˲ D JÕÖ-Ì≥Mä¸ Eô˲¢–ö˛$ Ø˲r$-yÊ˛$(-{yë–ö˛*): ΔÊˇ—$ –ö˛$ÃÒ˝-Mä¸(-ªü-Úfl˝-—$-ƒÊ˝$Øå˛ Δ>¥˜fiyÓ˛)
Ô‹f-Øå˛ —gÙ˝-ô˲V> ∞Õ-_Ö®. {¥˜ Mʸ∫-yÓ˛zÃZ —gÙ˝-ô˲V> ∞À-–˲yÊ˛Ö ªÒ˝ÖVʸ- Á≥ô˲Mʸ —gÙ˝ô˲ BΔÊˇ$-›ÎΔÊˇ$œ Eô˲¢–ö˛$ Ø˲r$-yÊ˛$(-–ö˛$*≈-h-MʸÃå˝ BΔäˇ M>–˛$yÓ˛): {Mϸ̋t-ƒÊ˝$Øå˛ ªÍÃÒ˝(-–˛Oã‹)
B[ı‹t-ÕƒÊ˝* {MϸM¸så˝˝ fr$tØ˲$ B ßÛ˛‘Ë˝Ö-ÃZØÛ˛ KyÏ˛Ö_ øÍΔÊˇôå˛ Á‹«-Mˆô˲¢ ‚Ê˝*-ΔÊˇ$Mʸ$ CßÛ˛ ôˆÕ-›Î«.- Vʸ$f-Δ>ôå˛˛ Vʸô˲ Ô‹fدœ Mʸ*yÈ ΔÊˇØ˲≤-ΔÊˇã-≥V> Eô˲¢–ö˛$ Ø˲sÏ˝(-yë–ö˛*): V¸œØå˛ M¯œgå˝(ßÊ˛ –˛Oãú)
«M>-ΔÊˇ$z-ÀØ˲$ Á‹ñÌŸtÖ-_Ö®. 71 Á‹Ö–˲-ô˲fi-Δ>À ô˲ΔÊˇ–Èô˲ D MʸÀØ˲$ ∞Õ-_Ö®.- —gÙ˝-ô˲Mʸ$ ΔÊˇ*.3 M¯r$œ,- ΔÊˇØ˲≤-ΔÊˇã-≥Mʸ$ ΔÊˇ*.1.8 M¯rœ [Ú≥Ogå˝-–˲$- {Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ ªÍMϸfiÖVä¸ —gÙ˝-ô˲V> ∞Õ- Eô˲¢–ö˛$ Ø˲sÏ˝(-–ö˛$*≈-h-MʸÃå˝ BΔäˇ M>–˛$yÓ˛): JŒ-—ƒÊ˝* M¯Ãå˝-–ö˛$Øå˛
øÍΔÊˇô˲ fr$t ∞fÖ ^Û˛Ì‹Ö®.- ªZΔÊˇzΔäˇ &- Vʸ–È-Á‹PΔäˇ sZ»≤ÃZ øÍΔÊˇôå˛ ±∞ {sZÔ≥-ÀØ˲$ AÖ®Ö-^ÈΔÊˇ$. _Ö®. 2012 JÕÖ-Ì≥Mä¸ {MÓ¸yÊ˛ÃZœ (ßÊ˛ ıú–ö˛-Δˇså˝)
B[ı‹t-Õ-ƒÊ˝*Ø˲$ 2&1 ôÛ˛yÈô¯ KyÏ˛Ö_ Mʸã≥ V¸À$-^˲$-Mʸ$Ö®. B[ı‹t-Õ- –Û˛$» M>ÖÁ‹≈ Á≥ô˲-M>∞≤, 2014 Eô˲¢–ö˛$ Á‹‡ƒÊ˝$ Ø˲r$yÊ˛$: –ö˛$Úfl˝-ΔÊˇ¤ÃÍ AŒ(-{XØå˛ ∫$Mä¸)
ƒÊ˝*ô¯ sÒ˝Á‹$t Ì‹»ã‹ ByÊ˛-sÍ-∞Mϸ øÍΔÊˇôå˛ ôˆÕ-›Î-«V> 1947&48ÃZ –Û˛$»-M¯-–í˛$Mʸ$ Ø˛Ö∫Δäˇ 1 Δ>≈ÖMʸ$ BÌ‹ƒÊ˝* {MÓ¸yÊ˛ÃZœ ∫ÖV>ΔÊˇ$ Á≥ô˲- Eô˲¢–ö˛$ Á‹‡ƒÊ˝$ Ø˲sÏ˝: ΔˇiØÈ MϸÖVä¸(-Cãú ΩÃå˝ {Ô‹tså˝ Mʸ$yä˛ sÍMä¸)
AyÊ˛$-Vʸ$-Ú≥-sÏ˝tÖ®. AÁ≥µsÏ˝ Ø˲$Ö_ Ì‹»ã‹ V¸À$-–˲-ÃÙ˝ßÊ˛$. B MʸÀØ˲$ —Δ>så˝ M>∞≤, 2018 M>–ö˛$-Ø˛”Ãå˝¢ {MÓ¸yÊ˛ÃZœ Eô˲¢–ö˛$ ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÿ-Mʸ$yÊ˛$: AÃüµØˆfi M˙Δˆ-Øå˛(-Δ¯–ö˛*)
M¯Ôfl˝œ ØÛ˛ô˲ñ-ô˲”Ö-ÃZ∞ øÍΔÊˇô˲ fr$t ›ÎM>ΔÊˇÖ ^Û˛Ì‹Ö®. Ì‹»ã-‹ÃZ AÖô˲-Δ>j-°ƒÊ˝$ ªÍMϸfiÖVä¸ A›˘-Ì‹-ƒÙ˝$-ÁŸØå˛ fØ˲- ∫ÖV>ΔÊˇ$ Á≥ô˲-M>∞≤ V¸À$-^˲$-Mʸ$Ö®. B–˛$ Eô˲¢–ö˛$ {Ô‹PØå˛ı≥œ: ∞Mä¸, {ºƒÊ˝*Øå˛ Mʸ*≈{», Ô≥r-Δäˇ
øÍΔÊˇô˲ ªÍ≈sÏ˝Ö-Vä¸Mʸ$ –˛Ø˛≤-–˲$$-MʸV> ∞Õ-_Ø˲ ^˛ôÛ˛-‘Ë˝”Δäˇ Á≥#gÍ-Δ>Mʸ$ –˲« 10Ø˲ —yÊ˛$-ßÊ˛À ^Û˛Ì‹Ø˲ ôÈgÍ Δ>≈ÖMϸÖ- {Á≥Ü-øÊ˝Mʸ$ 2003ÃZ AΔÊˇ$jØ˲, 2006ÃZ (-{XØå˛ ∫$Mä¸)
"–˲*≈Øå˛ Bãú ßÊ˛ Ì‹»ã‹' A–ÈΔÊˇ$z ßÊ˛MϸPÖ®.- Vä¸fiÃZ øÍΔÊˇô˲ ®VʸYf –˲$Ìfl˝‚Í ªÍMʸfiΔäˇ –Û˛$»- Á≥ßÊ˛√{÷, 2009ÃZ Δ>i–í˛ RÙ˝Ãå˝-ΔÊˇô˲≤, 2013ÃZ Eô˲¢–ö˛$ —ßÛ˛‘È øÍ⁄Î _{ô˲Ö: Δ¯–ö˛*
M¯–í˛$ –˛$$ßÊ˛sÏ˝ ›Î¶Ø˲ÖÃZ ∞Õ-_Ö®. 45&48 Á≥ßÊ˛√ øÊ˝*ÁŸ◊ä˝ A–È-ΔÊˇ$zÀ$ ßÊ˛M>PΔˇ$$. –Û˛$»-M¯–í˛$ Eô˲¢–ö˛$ ƒÊ˝*∞-–Û˛$-ÁŸØå˛ _{ô˲Ö:
{¥˜ Mʸ∫yÓ˛z&6 —gÙ˝ô˲ ªÒ˝ÖVʸ-‚Ê˝*ΔÊˇ$ MÛ¸iÀ —øÍ-VʸÖÃZ 1700 ¥ÎΔˇ$$Ö-rœô¯ –Û˛$» {Á≥Á‹$¢ôË˛Ö Δ>f≈-Á‹øÊ˝ Á‹øÊ˝$≈-Δ>-ÕV> MˆØ˲-›Î-Vʸ$-ô˲$-
ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$. Ú‹OµyÊ˛Δäˇ –ö˛*≈Øå˛: CØå˛ r$ ßÊ˛
A{Vʸ-›Î¶-Ø˲ÖÃZ ∞Õ-_Ö®. –˲$◊Ï˝-Á≥N-ΔäˇMʸ$ Ú‹OµyÊ˛Δäˇ –˛Δäˇfi
{¥˜ Mʸ∫yÓ˛z BΔ¯ Ô‹fØå˛ —gÙ˝-ô˲V> ªÒ˝ÖVʸ-‚Ê˝*ΔÊˇ$ ∫$Ãå˝fi A–˲-ô˲-«Ö-_Ö®.
www.andhrajyothy com . ÚflO˝ßÊ˛-Δ>-ªÍßä˛ ∑ B®–ÈΔÊˇÖ 13 fØ˲–ö˛« 2019 Á‹tyÓ˛ 17

Á‹*ΔÊˇ≈-ΔÊˇ’√ –˛OÁ≥#-Ø˲-Mʸ$ –˛$$MʸPÀ$ –ÈÀ-yë-∞Mϸ M>ΔÊˇ-◊˝Ö? 3) ∏˜sZ-Mϸ-Ø˛-Ì‹Øå˛ 4) ∏˜sZ-Ì≥-«-ƒÊ˝*-yÏ˛fÖ Ì‹. AÜ-∞{ßÊ˛ –È≈´® yÏ˛. Ø˲$≈–˛*-∞ƒÊ˝* Ì‹.{Á≥◊Í-„-M>-∫-ßÊ˛ÆÖV> Mʸ◊ÍÀ$
1. øÍΔÊˇ-ô˲-ßÛ˛‘Ë˝ –˛$$ßÊ˛sÏ˝ EÁ≥{VʸÁfl˝Ö "BΔÊˇ≈øÊ˝-rt'Ø˲$ Δ¯ßÊ˛-
Ô‹-ÃZMϸ Á≥ÖÌ≥Ø˲ ßÛ˛‘Ë˝Ö? 10. IRNSSMϸ Á‹Ö∫Ö-´®Ö_ Á‹ΔˇOØ˲ –È≈Mʸ≈-ÀØ˲$ 1) G, º, Ì‹, yÏ˛ 2) G, yÏ˛, Ì‹ 3) G, Ì‹ 4) º, Ì‹ ^˲∞-¥˘-–ö˛-yë∞≤ "A¥˘ã-≥-sZ-
1) C{gÍ-ƒÒ˝$Ãå˝ 2) ƒÊ˝$$Gã-‹G Vʸ$«¢Ö^˲Ö-yÏ˛. 19. Mϸ֮ ı≥ΔˆPØ˲≤ –ö˛$*À-M>ÃZœ Á≥#Δ>-ô˲Ø˲ ØÈVʸ-«-Mʸ-ô˲- Ì‹Øå˛' AÖsÍΔÊˇ$.
3) ›˘—-ƒÊ˝$så˝ ƒÊ˝$*∞-ƒÊ˝$Øå˛ 4) øÍΔÊˇ-ô˲-ßÛ˛‘Ë˝Ö G. øÍΔÊˇ-ôå˛Mϸ Á‹Ö∫Ö-´®Ö-_Ø˲ ›˜Öô˲ ØÈ—-VÛ¸-ÁŸØå˛ –ö˛≈–ö˛Á‹¶ ÀMʸ$ ô˛Õ-ƒÊ˝$-∞-®? 1) G, º Á‹ΔˇO-Ø˲—
2. ∫ƒÒ˝*-V>≈-ã‹-ÃZ∞ –ö˛$$-Q≈ Á‹–Û˛$√-‚Ê˝-Ø˲Ö? º. ©ØÛ˛≤ VʸVʸØå˛ A∞ Mʸ*yë Ì≥À$-›Î¢ΔÊˇ$ 1) AÀ*≈-—$-∞ƒÊ˝$Ö 2) ô˲VʸΔÊˇÖ 3) –˛$ΔÊˇ$P≈» 4) Á‹ÀπΔäˇ 2) º, Ì‹ Á‹ΔˇO-Ø˲—
1) D£Ê˛Δäˇ 2) {¥˜ı≥Øå˛ 3) —$£Û˛Øå˛ 4) ∫*≈sÙ˝Øå˛ Ì‹. h.Ì≥.-Gã‹. –ö˛≈–ö˛-Á‹¶ÃZ 24 EÁ≥-{Vʸ-‡-À$ÖsÙ˝ ©∞ÃZ 20. ƒÊ˝$$ßÊ˛Æ sÍ≈ÖMä¸ —´ßÊ˛”Ö-Á‹Mʸ ÑϸÁ≥◊Ï˝ H®? 3) G –ö˛*{ô˲–Û˛$ Á‹ΔˇO-Ø˲®
3. VʸØå˛-–˛$-rÃå˝ ô˲ƒÊ˝*-»ÃZ EÁ≥ƒÒ˝*-WÖ^Û˛ ÃZ‡-À$? MÛ¸–ö˛ÀÖ 12 EÁ≥-{Vʸ-‡ÃÙ˝ EØÈ≤Δˇ$$ 1) ØÈVä¸ 2) BM>‘å˝ 3) {∫ÁflZ√ã‹ 4) Á≥ñ•” 4) G, º, Ì‹ Á‹ΔˇO-Ø˲—
1) Δ>W, ô˲VʸΔÊˇÖ 2) CØ˲$–ö˛$$, Cô˲¢yÏ˛, ô˲VʸΔÊˇÖ yÏ˛. ©ØÛ˛≤ ØÈ—Mä¸ ÃÙ˝ßë ØÈ—-VÛ¸-ÁŸØå˛ —ôå˛ CÖyÏ˛-ƒÊ˝$Øå˛ MʸØ˲fi- 21. Mϸ֮ –ÈsÏ˝-ÃZ ±sÏ˝-ÃZ Mʸ«VÛ¸ —r-—$-Øå˛ H®? 27. ¥˜Vʸ ôÈVʸ-yë-∞Mϸ Á‹Ö∫Ö-
3) CØ˲$–ö˛$$, ô˲VʸΔÊˇÖ 4) CØ˲$–ö˛$$, hÖMʸ$, sÒ˝OsÍ-∞ƒÊ˝$Ö ÃÙ˝t-ÁŸØå˛ A∞ Ì≥À$-›Î¢ΔÊˇ$. 1) —r-—$Øå˛ G 2) —r-—$Øå˛ yÏ˛ ´®Ö_ Mϸ֮ {Á≥–ö˛-^˲-ØÈ- ÷ÀÖ ßÛ˛–Û˛Ö-ßÊ˛-Δäˇ-Δˇ-yÏ˛z
4. Á≥Ñʸ$Àô¯ f«VÛ¸ ÁúÀ-©-Mʸ-ΔÊˇ-◊Í∞≤ H–ö˛$ÖsÍ-ΔÊˇ$? 1) G, Ì‹ 2) G, yÏ˛ 3) G, º 4) º, yÏ˛ 3) —r-—$Øå˛ Ì‹ 4) —r-—$Øå˛ M¸ ÀØ˲$ A´ßÊ˛≈ƒÊ˝$ØË˛Ö ^Û˛Ì‹ Ô‹∞ƒÊ˝$Δäˇ ∏Î≈MʸŒt
1) B«≤-ô¯-ÌúÕ 2) BsZ-V>“$ 11. Ø˛Δˇ$$Ãå˝ ¥ÎÕ㟠«–ö˛$*-–ö˛Δäˇ ô˲ƒÊ˝*-»ÃZ EÁ≥ƒÒ˝*- 22. Ì‹sÏ˝ ›ÎP∞Ö-Vä¸ÃZ EÁ≥ƒÒ˝*-WÖ^Û˛ Á≥«-Mʸ-Δ>-À$? Á‹«-M>∞® Vʸ$«¢Ö-^˲Ö-yÏ˛.
3) GÖr-–˛*-ÌúÕ 4) G∞-–˛*-ÌúÕ WÖ^Û˛ ΔÊˇ›Î-ƒÊ˝$Ø˲Ö? 1) V>–ö˛* MϸΔÊˇ-◊ÍÀ$ 2) C{ØÈπ-Δˇyä˛ MϸΔÊˇ-◊ÍÀ$ 1) G{yÏ˛-Ø˲Ãå˝ {Vʸ֧ Á≥∞ —´ßë-ØÈ∞≤ ∞M¯-sÏ˝Øå˛ ∞Δ¯-´®-
5. Mϸ֮ –ÈsÏ˝∞ fô˲-Á≥-ΔÊˇ-^˲Ö-yÏ˛. 1) BÀP-‡Ãå˝ 2) A–˛$Oyä˛ 3) BÕz-ÚflO˝yä˛ 4) GÌ‹-sZØå˛ 3) AÜ-±-À-ÃZ-Ìfl˝ô˲ MϸΔÊˇ-◊ÍÀ$ 4) GMä¸fi MϸΔÊˇ-◊ÍÀ$ Á‹$¢Ö®
1. ^ÈÃÍ-M>ÀÖ ∞À” EÖyÛ˛ 12. `–ö˛$ Mʸ$sÏ˝t-Ø˲-Á≥#µyÊ˛$ –ö˛*Ø˲–ö˛ ‘Ë˝»-ΔÊˇÖ-ÃZMϸ —yÊ˛$- 23. ¥Îœ›Î√ Mʸ◊ÍÀ —´® H—$sÏ˝? 2) ¥˜Vʸ ôÈWôÛ˛ GÔú-Ì‹–ö˛* –ö˛Á‹$¢Ö®
{Á≥–ö˛*-ßÊ˛-MʸΔÊˇ –ö˛≈Δ>¶À$ G. ∫ƒÒ˝*-–ö˛*ã‹ ßÊ˛ÀƒÙ˝$≈ ΔÊˇ›Î-ƒÊ˝$-Ø˲Ö? 1) {Á≥Ü-ΔÊˇ-Ñʸ-M>-ÀØ˲$ HΔÊˇµ-ΔÊˇ$-^˲$r 2) Mˆ–ö˛#”À ∞À” 3) ¥˜Vʸ ôÈWôÛ˛ ΔÊˇMʸ¢ÖÃZ CO Á≥«-–ö˛*◊˝Ö Ú≥«W O2
2. ØÛ˛ΔÊˇ$V> —ßÊ˛$≈-^˲e-Mϸ¢V> –ö˛*ΔÛˇ® º. Á≥–ö˛-Ø˲Ö(-V>Õ) 1) Ì‹{sÏ˝Mä¸ ƒÊ˝*Ì‹yä˛ 2) sÍΔ>t-«Mä¸ ƒÊ˝*Ì‹yä˛ 3) {¥˘sÓ˝-Ø˲$À ∞À” 4) –È›˘-y˛O-ÃÙ˝-ÁŸØå˛ Á≥«-–ö˛*◊˝Ö ô˲Vʸ$Y-ô˲$Ö®
3. Ar“ ∞ΔÊˇ*√-À-Ø˲Mʸ$ 3) ∏Ϋ√Mä¸ ƒÊ˝*Ì‹yä˛ 4) AÌ‹-sÏ˝Mä¸ ƒÊ˝*Ì‹yä˛ 24. Mϸ֮ –ÈsÏ˝ÃZ Á‹«-M>∞ fô˲? 4) G{yÏ˛-Ø˲Ãå˝ ßÊ˛–ö˛” ‡Δ¯√-Ø˲$À$ ΔÊˇMʸ¢-Ô≥-yÊ˛-ØÈ∞≤, Vʸ$Öy˛
{Á≥ô˲≈Ñʸ M>ΔÊˇ◊˝Ö Ì‹. Á‹*ΔÊˇ≈-ΔÊˇ’√ Mˆr$t-MˆØÛ˛ –Û˛V>∞≤ Ú≥Ö^˲$-ôÈΔˇ$$
4. ›˘tΔÛˇi ªÍ≈r-»À A–ö˛-Á‹ΔÊˇÖ yÏ˛. Ø˲*≈Mϸœ-ƒÊ˝$Δäˇ
1) 1&yÏ˛, 2&Ì‹, 3&G, 4&º 2) 1&º, 2&G, 3&yÏ˛, 4&Ì‹
¥˘sÓ˝ Á≥»-ÑʸÀ {Á≥ôÛ˛≈MÊ¸Ö & Ìúh-MʸÃå˝ Ú‹OØå˛fi AÖyä˛ Ú‹OØå˛fi AÖyä˛ sÒ˝M>≤-À-i 28. Á‹Ö{Á≥-ßëƒÊ˝$ CÖ´ßÊ˛Ø˲ –ö˛Ø˲-ΔÊˇ$Mʸ$ B´ßëΔÊˇÖ.
G. Á‹*ΔÊˇ≈-‘Ë˝Mϸ¢ º. Á≥–ö˛-Ø˲-‘Ë˝Mϸ¢ Ì‹. ∫ƒÒ˝*-V>≈ã‹ yÏ˛. A◊˝$-‘Ë˝Mϸ¢
3) 1&Ì‹, 2&yÏ˛, 3&º, 4&G 4) 1&G, 2&º, 3&Ì‹, 4&G 1) G 2) º 3) Ì‹ 4) yÏ˛
6. BÀP‡Ãå˝ °Á‹$-MˆØ˲≤ ^¯ßÊ˛-Mʸ$-yÏ˛∞ {Ωôå˛ AØ˲ÃÒ˝O-fΔäˇ 13. –˛OßÊ˛≈ Á≥»-Ñʸ-ÃZœ EÁ≥ƒÒ˝*-WÖ^Û˛ ΔÛˇyÏ˛ƒÒ˝* I›˘sZ-Á≥#- 1) —r-—$Øå˛ º1 & ªÒ˝«-ªÒ˝« 29. fÖô˲$-–ö˛#À ¥˘ÁŸ-◊˝ÃZ f«VÛ¸ ßÊ˛‘Ë˝À Á‹ΔˇOØ˲ {Mʸ–ö˛$Ö
Á≥«-Mʸ-ΔÊˇÖô¯ Vʸ$«¢-›Î¢ΔÊˇ$. D Á≥«-MʸΔÊˇÖÃZ H —´ßÊ˛-–˛$OØ˲ ÀØ˲$ H–ö˛$∞ Ì≥À$-›Î¢-ΔÊˇ$? 2) —r-—$Øå˛ º2 & Ú≥Àœ{V> 1) AÖô˲-Δäˇ-{Vʸ-Áfl˝-◊˝Ö&-i-ΔÊˇ~-{MϸƒÊ˝$ & ›Î”ÖX-Mʸ-ΔÊˇ◊˝Ö & ‘ZÁŸ◊˝
ΔÊˇÖVʸ$ –ö˛*ΔÊˇ$µ MʸÀ$-Vʸ$-ô˲$Ö-®? 1) {sÙ˝Á‹Δäˇfi 2) y˛Oã‹ 3) Ì‹À”Δäˇ ∫$ÃÒ˝œså˝fi 4) –ö˛*ΔÊˇPΔäˇfi 3) —r-—$Øå˛ º6 & BMÊ¸Õ –ö˛$ÖßÊ˛-WÖ-^˲yÊ˛Ö 2) iΔÊˇ~-{MϸƒÊ˝$ & AÖô˲-Δäˇ-{Vʸ-Áfl˝-◊˝Ö&-‘Z-ÁŸ◊˝ & ›Î”ÖX-Mʸ-ΔÊˇ◊˝Ö
1) ØÈ«fÖ ΔÊˇÖVʸ$ BMʸ$-Á≥-^˲a-ÃZMϸ –ö˛*ΔÊˇ$-ô˲$Ö® 14. M>ΔÊˇ$ [y˛O–ö˛Δäˇ ΔÊˇÑʸ◊˝ M¯Á‹Ö EÁ≥ƒÒ˝*-WÖ^Û˛ GΔˇ$$Δäˇ 4) —r-—$Øå˛ º12 & Ú≥»≤-Ì‹-ƒÊ˝$ã‹ 3) ‘ZÁŸ-◊˝&-i-ΔÊˇ~-{MϸƒÊ˝$ & ›Î”ÖX-Mʸ-ΔÊˇ◊˝Ö & AÖô˲-Δäˇ-{Vʸ-Áfl˝◊˝Ö
2) GΔÊˇ$Á≥# ΔÊˇÖVʸ$ BMʸ$-Á≥-^˲a-ÃZMϸ –ö˛*ΔÊˇ$-ô˲$Ö® ªÍ≈Vä¸ÃZ EÖyÛ˛ ΔÊˇ›Î-ƒÊ˝$-Ø˲Ö? 25. Mϸ֮ {Á≥–ö˛-^˲-ØÈ-ÀØ˲$ A´ßÊ˛≈ƒÊ˝$ØË˛Ö ^Û˛ƒÊ˝$ÖyÏ˛. 4) AÖô˲-Δäˇ-{Vʸ-Áfl˝◊˝Ö& iΔÊˇ~-{Mϸ-ƒÊ˝$&-‘Z-ÁŸ◊˝ & ›Î”ÖX-Mʸ-ΔÊˇ◊˝Ö
3) BMʸ$-Á≥^˲a ΔÊˇÖVʸ$ ØÈ«Ö-f-ÃZMϸ –ö˛*ΔÊˇ$-ô˲$Ö® 1) ›˘yÏ˛ƒÊ˝$Ö BgÒ˝Oyä˛ 2) ›˘yÏ˛ƒÊ˝$Ö Ú≥Δ>-M¸Ofiyä˛ G. –ÈôÈ-–ö˛-ΔÊˇ-◊˝Ö-ÃZ∞ Á‹Àπ-Δäˇy˛O BM¸Ofiyä˛, Ø˛O{sZ-fØå˛ y˛O 30. Á‹Áfl˝-fÖV> À¿Ö^Û˛ Á≥{ô˲-Áfl˝-«-ô˲ÖÃZ –ö˛$´ßÊ˛≈Ø˲
4) BMʸ$-Á≥^˲a ΔÊˇÖVʸ$ GΔÊˇ$-Á≥#-ÃZMϸ –ö˛*ΔÊˇ$-ô˲$Ö® 3) ›˘yÏ˛ƒÊ˝$Ö Ø˛O{sÙ˝så˝ 4) ›˘yÏ˛ƒÊ˝$Ö ªÒ˝O M>Δ¯æ-ØÛ˛så˝ BM¸Ofiyä˛ V>Õ-ÃZ∞ ±Õ A◊˝$-–ö˛#-Àô¯ ^˲ΔÊˇ≈ ؈֮-Ø˲-Á≥#µyÊ˛$ EÖyÛ˛ ÃZÁfl˝ Á≥ΔÊˇ-–ö˛*-◊˝$-–ö˛#?
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& ç³Ç-{Ôèý-Ðèþ$Ë Ðèþ˯èþ Ayæþ-Ðèþ#Ë$ Ðèþ$…yæþ$r ÐèþËÏ Ðé™é-Ðèþ-Ææÿ- Ðèþ#¯èþ$ GMæü$P-ÐèþV> ï³Ë$a-Mæü$…sêÆÿ$$. çœÍ-™èþ…V> sŒýË$, çÜÌôý¹-sŒý-Ë$V> Ðèþ*Ç _Ðèþ-ÆæÿMæü$ ¿æý*Ñ$ò³O ^óþÇ, E…sôý {´ë×ý-Mø-sìýMìü ¡Ææÿ° à° fÇ-Vóü¨.
×ý…ÌZ M>Ææÿ¾¯Œþ yðþO BMðüOÞyŠþ Ôé™èþ… ò³Ç-W-´ù-™èþ$…¨. ¿æý*Vøâæý… Ðóþyðþ-MæüPyæþ… ™èþVæü$Y™èþ$…¨. Ðèþ$sìýt-ÌZ- Mæü-Í-íÜ HÆæÿµ-Ææÿ^óþ ÐèþÆ>Û-˯èþ$ ´÷yìþ BÐèþ$Ï ÐèþÆ>ÛË$ & M>° ^éÌê ™èþMæü$PÐèþ V>Éæþ-™èþÌZ A¯èþV> JMæü Møsìý A×ý$-
& ´ëÇ-{Ôé-Ñ$Mæü Ñç³ÏÐèþ… Ðèþ$$…§æþ$ A¯èþV> 1870ÌZ Ðé™é- 2. çÜÐèþ$${§æþ fÌêÌZÏ òœOsZ ´ëÏ…Mæüt¯Œþ Ðèþ–„æü-gê-ÌêË$ Ððþ$$MæüPË$ A…sêÆæÿ$. Ðèþ#ÌZÏ Ðèþ$*yæþ$ Ðèþ*{™èþÐóþ$ (0.03 ï³ï³-G…) E…sêÆÿ$$.
Ðèþ-Ææÿ-×ý…ÌZ M>Ææÿ¾¯Œþ yðþO BMðüOÞ-yŠþ 290 í³í³G… E…yóþ¨. Ñç³-È-™èþ…V> ÐéÅí³…_ E…sêÆÿ$$. CÑ Ðé™é-Ðèþ-Ææÿ-×ý… BÐèþ$Ï ÐèþÆ>ÛË §æþ$çÙµ-Ç-×ê-Ðèþ*Ë$ KgZ¯Œþ A…™èþ-Ç„æü… ¯èþ$…yìþ à° MæüÍ-W…^óþ MìüÆæÿ-×ê-˯èþ$
çÜÇV>Y Ðèþ…§óþâæýÏ ™èþÆ>Ó™èþ A¯èþV> 1970ÌZ A¨ 320 ÌZ° M>Ææÿ¾¯Œþ yðþO BMðüOÞ-yŠþ¯èþ$ ï³Ë$a-Mæü$° Bà-Æ>°² & BÐèþ$Ï ÐèþÆ>ÛË çœÍ-™èþ…V> ^ðþÆæÿ$-Ðèþ#Ë$, çÜÆæÿ-çÜ$ÞÌZÏ ±sìý Ayæþ$z-Mæü$° ¿æý*Ðèþ$…yæþ-Ìê-°Mìü Ææÿ„æü×ý MæüÐèþ-^èþ…V> M>´ë-yæþ$-
í³í³-G…ËMæü$ ò³Ç-W…¨. ™èþÄæý*Ææÿ$ ^óþçÜ$-Mæü$…sêÆÿ$$. òœOsZ-´ëÏ…Mæüt-¯ŒþË$ Ñç³-È- BÐèþ$Ï™èþÓ… ò³ÇW MæüË$-íÙ-™èþÐðþ$O ´ù™éÆÿ$$. B ±sìýÌZ °Ðèþ- ™èþ$…¨. KgZ¯Œþ Ðèþ$*yæþ$ Ñ$.Ò$. Ðèþ$…§æþ…™ø ç³Ë$-^èþ°
& A¯èþV> 100 HâæýÏ M>Ë…ÌZ 10 Ôé™èþ… ò³Ç-W…¨. ™èþ…V> AÀ-Ðèþ–¨® ^ðþ…¨ Ðé™é-Ðèþ-Ææÿ-×ý…ÌZ° M>Ææÿ¾¯Œþ yðþO Õ…^óþ çÜ$°²™èþ iÐèþ#-ÌñýO¯èþ ^óþç³Ë$, C™èþÆæÿ çÜ$°²™èþ fË-^èþ- ´÷ÆæÿÌê E…r$…¨. D ´÷ÆæÿÌZ E…yóþ KgZ¯Œþ
A¯èþV> 30 HâæýÏ M>Ë…ÌZ¯óþ 15 Ôé™èþ… ÐèþÆæÿMæü$ ò³Ç- BMðüOÞ-yŠþ¯èþ$ ™èþWY-Ýë¢Æÿ$$. Æ>Ë$ ^èþ°-´ù-™éÆÿ$$. ïÜÓyæþ¯Œþ §óþÔèý…ÌZ §é§éç³# 1500 çÜ*Ææÿ$Å° ¯èþ$…yìþ ÐðþË$-Ðèþyóþ MìüÆæÿ-×ê-ÌZÏ° A†-±Ë
W…¨. C¨ CÌêVóü Mö¯èþ-Ýë-W™óþ D Ôèý™é¼ª A…™é-°Mìü 3. VøÏ-ºÌŒý ÐéÇÃ…VŠüMæü$ KgZ¯Œþ „îü×ý™èþ Mæü*yé §øçßý§æþ… çÜÆæÿ-çÜ$ÞÌZ BÐèþ$Ï ÐèþÆ>ÛË ÐèþËÏ ±Ææÿ$ MæüË$-íÙ-™èþÐðþ$O ^óþç³Ë$ ÌZíßý™èþ MìüÆæÿ-×ê-˯èþ$ Ayæþ$z-Mæü$° ¿æý*Ðèþ$…yæþ-Ìê-°Mìü Ææÿ„æü×ý
M>Ææÿ¾¯Œþ yðþO BMðüOÞyŠþ V>Éæþ™èþ Æðÿsìýt…ç³# AÐèþ#-™èþ$…§æþ° Ôéç܈-Ðóþ- ^óþçÜ$¢…¨. M>ºsìýt KgZ¯Œþ „îü×ý-™èþMæü$ M>Ææÿ-×ý-Ððþ$O¯èþ MøÏÆø ¯èþÕ…_, Fish GraveyardV> Ðèþ*Ç-´ù-Äæý*Æÿ$$. MæüÐèþ-^èþ…Ìê ç³°-^óþ-çÜ$¢…¨. A†-±-Ë-ÌZ-íßý™èþ MìüÆæÿ-
™èþ¢Ë$ õ³ÆöP…r$-¯é²Ææÿ$. ¸ùÏÆø M>Ææÿ¾-¯ŒþÞ-˯èþ$ (ïÜ-G-‹œ-ïÜ) ™èþWY…^éÍ. Ìôý§é AÌêVóü ±sìýÌZ ò³ÇVóü BÌôýY, ±sìý Ayæþ$-Væü$¯èþ E¯èþ² ºÄñý*- ×êËÐèþËϯóþ Ðé™é-Ðèþ-Ææÿ-×ý…ÌZ° BMìüÞ-f¯Œþ KgZ¯ŒþV>
& ©° çœÍ-™èþ…V> ¿æý*Vøâæý EÚù~-{Væü™èþ Ðèþ$Ç…™èþV> ò³Ææÿ$-Væü$- ç³NÇ¢V> °õÙ-«¨…^éÍ. ïÜG-‹œ-ïÜË$ Ìôý° {íœgŒýË$, Ðèþ*-‹Ü¯èþ$ ÑÄñý*Væü… ^ðþ… ¨…^óþ »êÅMîüt-ÇÄæý* Ððþ$$§æþ-ÌñýO¯èþ Ææÿ*´ë… ™èþÆæÿ… ^ðþ…¨…¨. DMìüÆæÿ-×ê-Ë-Ðèþ-Ëϯóþ HÆæÿµ-yìþ¯èþ
™èþ$…¨. KgZ¯Œþ ´÷Ææÿ ç³NÇ¢V> „îü×ìý-çÜ$¢…¨. ç³…rË GÆÿ$$ÆŠÿ Mæü…yìþ-çÙ-¯èþ-Ææÿϯèþ$ ÐéyéÍ. iÐèþ#Ë$ ¯èþÕ…_ ´ùÐèþyæþ… ÐèþËÏ BàÆæÿ VöË$çÜ$ {MæüÐèþ$… KgZ¯Œþ AÐóþ MìüÆæÿ-×ê-˯èþ$ Ayæþ$z-Mæü$° çÜÐèþ$çÜ¢ iÐèþ-Æ>-Ôèý$-
¨Væü$-ºyìþ ™èþWY-´ù-™èþ$…¨. A†-±Ë ÌZíßý™èþ MìüÆæÿ-×êË$ 4. {X¯Œþ-çßo‹Ü ÐéÄæý$$-Ðèþ#-ÌñýO¯èþ M>Ææÿ¾-¯ŒþyðþO BMðüOÞyŠþ, ¯ðþO{sZ-f¯Œþ ™èþí³µ iÐé-Ðèþ-Ææÿ×ý ÐèþÅÐèþ-çܦ¯èþ$ §ðþº¾-¡çÜ$¢¯é²Æÿ$$. ˯èþ$ M>´ë-yæþ$-™èþ$…¨.
15
ÎCî¦ô¢
ÎCî¦ô¢Ù ÙÎÞœ13úáì÷J 2019- „„ email:
£ªd 12, 2018 email:help@eenadupratibha.net
help@eenadupratibha.net

VOCABULARY Karna was ûÁ æ© úà ò˺ ô¢ª“


ví£òÅ¡ªêŸy ÑëÁuÞ¥õª

very Generous
1. Adroit = Skilful and clever sûμjí£±éuÙ Ñìoz,
especially in dealing with people. eg: He
negotiated adroitly between the two rivals Õú£ôÂ, ñô¢Ùí£±ô¢Ù
and settled their quarrel peacefully
H
Antonym: Stupid s÷´ô¢^êŸyÙêÁ Ñìoz. eg: He
ñô¢Ùí£±ô¢Ùö˺E ÏÙè…óŸªûË ÏûËÂú‡då«uæËÀ ÎíÆÃ
šújûËÂq Óè[ªu¸Úù£ûË ÍÙè JšúôÂa sÕú£ôÂz Ú¨ÙC
is a stupid and does not know how to han- û¦ûËÂnæ©#ÙÞ ð¼ú£ªdöË òÅ¡KhÚ¨ ë]ô¢Ý°ú£ªhõª
dle the situation.
eg: He is always morose and never laughs ÚÁô¢ªêÁÙC.
2. Remit = Send money regularly sè[ñª(
ú£vÚÛ÷ªÙÞ¥ í£Ùí£è[Ùz. eg: He works abroad 1026 even at the best joke.
6. Laud = Praise sø‹xíƇªÙàŸåÙ/ ð»Þœè[åÙz.
H ð¼ú£ªdõª: Íú‡šúdÙæËÀ ÏÙ>FôÂ, çËμÚ¨oÚÛöËÀ
Íú‡šúdÙæËÀ, WEóŸªô væ°ûËÂqö˶æô êŸCêŸô¦õª.
and remits money to his parents regularly H Ý°Sõª: 23 H Íô¢|êŸ: ú£ÙñÙCÅêŸ ú£òËμbÚÛªdõª/
eg: They lauded his efforts to save the people
keeping a little for himself.
from the fire accident
vò°Ù<ö˺x ò°u#öËôÂq è…vU, ÷«ú£dôÂq è…vU,
Antonym: Criticize sN÷ªJ)ÙàŸåÙz eg: They
ÓÙHHÓúÃ, ÍìªòÅ¡÷Ù, ÙD/ ÏÙTxùà ÿ§ôÂd
criticized his efforts at belittling the great
uÙèÂ, çËμjí‡ÙÞ þ§÷ªô¦–uõª.
free to move anywhere because he has no H ÓÙí‡ÚÛ: ô¦êŸí£K¤Û/ ú‡\öËÀ çËμúÃd/ ÏÙæô¢«yu
work his friend had done.
restrictions. Îëůô¢ÙÞ¥. H ë]ô¢Ý°ú£ªh: ÎûËÂöËμjûËÂ/ ÎíÆÃöËμjûËÂ.
7. Greedy = Avaricious së]ªô¦øŒí£ô¢ªöËμjìz. H ÎûËÂöËμjûË ë]ô¢Ý°ú£ªhÚÛª #÷Jê¶C: íƇvñ÷J 9
4. Anchor = i) A newscaster on the TV (TV eg: He was very greedy about money, and he H ô¢ª“ Ú¥íˆöËìª í£Ùí£è¯EÚ¨ #÷Jê¶C: íƇvñ÷J
ö˺ î¦ô¢hõª àŸCî¶î¦ô¢ª/ Ú¥ô¢uvÚÛ÷«õª would not give a pie to others.
Eô¢yÙà¶î¦ô¢ª) eg: We have plenty of
18
Antonym: Generous së¯êŸ”êŸyÙ Þœõz.
anchors on the Telugu TV, but not all of îËμòËÀšújæËÀ: www.iiserbpr.ac.in
eg: Karna was very generous.
them are well trained.
H No Antonym for the first meaning.
ÓûËÂÔÎôÂÓíÆÃHÎôÂ, šïj°ë]ô¦ò°ëÂ
ii) A heavy object attached to a cable or chain H šïj°ë]ô¦ò°ëÂö˺E ÕúˆÓÙÎô n û¶ù£ìöËÀ
to moor a ship to the sea bottom sõÙÞœô¢ªz. Writer óŸ«E÷ªöËÀ Jþ¼ôÂq šíÆú‡Læ© íÆ£ô ñóμ«îμªè…ÚÛöËÀ
Antonym: Retain (Continue to have n eg: The sailors anchored the ship to the bot- M. Suresan
JšúôÂa sÓûËÂÔÎôÂÓíÆÃHÎôÂz Ú¨ÙC çËμÚ¨oÚÛöËÀ
Eõªí£±Ú•ìª/ Ú•ìþ§TÙàŸªz. eg: Virat Kohli tom of the sea.
ð¼ú£ªdöË òÅ¡KhÚ¨ ë]ô¢Ý°ú£ªhõª ÚÁô¢ªêÁÙC.
H ð¼ú£ªdõªnÝ°Sõª: çËμÚ¨oÚÛöËÀ Íú‡šúdÙæËÀn04, ö°uòËÀ
retained his previous rank in batting. Antonym: Release.
Oª ví£øŒoõª í£Ùð§Lqì #ô¢ªû¦÷« ÍçËμÙèËμÙæËÀn12, ÷ªMd æ°ú‡\ÙÞ þ§díÆÃn04.
3. Restrict = Control the freedom of a person 5. Jovial = Good humoured/ jocular sú£ô¢ë¯Þ¥ H Íô¢|êŸ: í£ëÁêŸô¢ÞœA, Õæ©Õ/ è†ÓÙÓöËÀæ©/
(EóŸªÙvAÙàŸè[Ù). eg: Having committed a ì÷±y꟫ ÑÙè˶z. eg: He is very jovial and þ¼pÚÛû ÏÙTxùÃ, ví£AòÅ¡ èËμúÃ\ è…ð»x÷«, HÓúˆq, ÏÙ>FJÙÞ è…ð»x÷«,
crime, he is restricted to the walls of the entertains the people around him with his Ðû¦è[ª Ú¥ô¦uõóŸªÙ, ô¦îμ«@ íƇöËÀt ú‡æ©, ÍìªòÅ¡÷Ù.
prison and is never let out jokes Íû¦âËÀí£²ôÂ, ô¢ÙÞ¥·ôè…“ >ö°x. H ÓÙí‡ÚÛ: ô¦êŸí£K¤Û/ ú‡\öËÀ çËμúÃd Îëůô¢ÙÞ¥.
Antonym: Free (N÷³Ú¨h ð»Ùë]åÙ). eg: He is Antonym: Morose (à¦ö° êŸÚÛª\÷Þ¥ ÷«æ°xè˶z. email: english@eenadupratibha.net H ë]ô¢Ý°ú£ªh: ÎíÆÃöËμjûËÂ. H #÷Jê¶C: íƇvñ÷J 25
îËμòËÀšújæËÀ: http://www.narfbr.org
A: Make someone happy and feel happy H Sir, please let me know the meanings in â°BóŸª ÷ªï‡°ü° ÚÛNªù£ûËÂ
ú£Ùë¶ï£„õª n ú£÷«ëůû¦õª because of the others. Telugu for the following proverbs.
H
H Sir, please let me guide to the following.
ì«uCMxö˺E û¶ù£ìöËÀ ÚÛNªù£ûË íÆ£ô NîμªûËÂ...
- R. Raju
H Sir, please explain the following.
Ú¨ÙC Ú¥Ùvæ°ÚÛªd ð¼ú£ªdöË òÅ¡KhÚ¨ ë]ô¢Ý°ú£ªhõª
- Kantipudi Kameswara Rao 1) People who live in glass house should not ÚÁô¢ªêÁÙC. H ð¼ú£ªd: WEóŸªô çËμÚ¨oÚÛöËÀ
- Israel 1) This is not the correct way to make con- ÓÚÂqí£ôÂd sö°z H Ý°Sõª: 10
throw stones.
1) Islands of prosperity in the sea of poverty. versation. A: Þ¥V ÏüŒxö˺ E÷ú‡Ùචî¦üŒ‰x ÏêŸô¢ªõ OªCÚ¨ ô¦üŒ‰x H Ú¥Ùvæ°ÚÛªd Ú¥öË ÷u÷CÅ: vð§ëÇ]NªÚÛÙÞ¥ ÖÚÛ Ôè¯C.
A: In a large area of poverty, there are a few Can we write the same as follows. Nú£ô¢ÚÛ«è[ë]ª, n Íö° Nú‡Jê¶ î¦üŒx Þ¥V ÏüŒ‰x H Íô¢|êŸ: ÓöËÀÓöËÀH ÑBhô¢gêŸ.
places of wealth. This is no way to make conversation. í£TLð¼ê¦ô³. DE Íô¢ÌÄÙ ÷ªìö˺ êŸí£±p šíåªdÚÛªE H ÓÙí‡ÚÛ: ÎòËμbÚ¨dîË çËμúÃd, è…vú‡\í‡dîË çËμúÃd, í£ô¢qìöËÀ
2) Escape in the nick of time. A: Yes, you can. ÏêŸô¢ªõ êŸí£±põª ÓAh àŸ«í‡ÙàŸô¦ë]ª ÍE. ÏÙæô¦¤ÛûË Îëůô¢ÙÞ¥.
A: Escape in the last minute. H Sir, please clarify the following doubts. 2) A picture is worth a thousand words H ë]ô¢Ý°ú£ªh: ÎíÆÃöËμjûË H #÷J ê¶C: áì÷J 23
3) Just a tip of an iceberg.
A: A problem that appears to be small but
under it is a big problem.
- Vijay Sangram Vedanthi
1) All of you are informed that it is due to
A: ÖÚÛ ò˹÷ªt î¶ô³ ÷«åõêÁ ú£÷«ìÙ.
3) If you want something done right. You ví£î˶ø‹õª
Diwali, two days are declared as holidays have to do it yourself
4) Testing the waters.
– please say if the above is right or not. A: Ôëμjû¦ ú£JÞ¥ à¶óŸ«õìªÚÛªìoí£±pè[ª, Î í£E
A: Finding out the depth of waters.
ÎôÂÕÓÙúˆ, èËμvè[«ûËÂ
A: The sentence is correct. ÷ªì à¶óŸªåÙ ÷ªÙ#C, ÓÙë]ªÚÛÙç˶ ÏêŸô¢ªõª H
5) String of shell companies. èËμvè[«ûËÂö˺E ô¦ùˆdvóŸª ÏÙè…óŸªûË NªLæK
A: A non-trading company used as a way for 2) Don't be cruel – please say the question êŸí£±põª à¶þ§hô¢ª Ú¥ñæ¨d. Ú¥ö˶@ sÎôÂÕÓÙúˆz ÓENªëÁ êŸô¢ÞœA ví£î˶øŒ
tag. H Respected sir, please translate the follow-
financial transactions and not functioning. ví£ÚÛæì Nè[ªë]öËμjÙC. êμõªÞœª ô¦ÿZ§öË ÍòÅ¡uô¢ª–õª
A: Don’t you be cruel, do you? ing sentences into Telugu.
6) The cat has been belled. ÎóŸ« ›údæËÀ í£GxÚ ú£Kyúà ÚÛNªù£ûËÂöË ë¯yô¦
A: The mice discuss belling the cat, but none 3) Do try these lovely straberries – please say - T. Santhosh ë]ô¢Ý°ú£ªh à¶ú£ªÚÁî¦L. ò°õªô¢ª ÷«vêŸî¶ª Oæ¨Ú¨
dares to do it. Finally they give up belling the question tag. 1) Be there with bells on.
Íô¢ª|õª. H ví£î˶øŒÙ: 8÷ êŸô¢ÞœA.
A: Do try these lovely strawberries, will H Íô¢|êŸ: ÔèÁ êŸô¢ÞœA ÑBhô¢ªgöËμj ÑÙè¯L.
the cat. A: ÞœÙå îμ«¸ÞÙêŸ÷ô¢ÚÛª ÍÚÛ\è˶ ÑÙè[ª.
you? H ÷óŸªú£ª: 01.01.2020 û¦æ¨Ú¨ 11.5 n 13
7) Seeks silver but bag's gold. 2) Ducking and running for cover.
A: People search for silver but fortunately 4) He was playing chess – can this sentence ú£Ù÷êŸqô¦öË ÷ªëÅ]u ÑÙè¯L.
A: ÷ÙT ô¢¤Ûé ÚÁú£Ù í£J·ÞêŸhåÙ. H ÓÙí‡ÚÛ:
find gold. be used to indicate past habit – i.e. it was ô¦êŸí£K¤Û, îËμjî¦nî¦úÃ, îμªè…ÚÛöËÀ
8) Cracked the whip. his habit of playing chess in the past. 3) Dying with laughter. ÓÞ¥bNªû¶ù£ûË ë¯yô¦. H í£K¤Û ê¶C: WûË 1, 2
A: It is right. He used to play chess – this is A: àŸEð¼ó¶ªÙêŸÞ¥ í£Þœõñè… ì÷yåÙ. H í£K¤Û ¸ÚÙvë¯õª: Ôíˆ ÍòÅ¡uô¢ª–öËÚÛª NáóŸªî¦è[,
A: Use your authority to make someone else
behave better or work harder. better 4) Does what you mean êμöËÙÞ¥é Në¯uô¢ª–öËÚÛª šïj°ë]ô¦ò°ëÂ.
A: ÏC 'Do what you mean' ÍE ÑÙè¯L. H ë]ô¢Ý°ú£ªh: ÎíÆÃöËμjûËÂ. H ë]ô¢Ý°ú£ªh íƈV: ô¢«.600.
9) Took a dig. 5) ÷ÙøŒð§ô¢Ùí£ô¢uÙÞ¥, - please translate into DE
English.
Óúˆq, ÓúˆdöËÚÛª ô¢«.555. H #÷Jê¶C: ÷«Ja 31
A: Insulting or making someone angry – this
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86432E 9 EøË™)-ù£-ÙÞ¥ òÅ°TÙ-àŸë]ª.- 16 P Nõª÷?
ú£÷«-ëůìÙ:- 1
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1) 5 2) 4 ∴ i, ii, iii î¦Ú¥uõª ú£êŸuÙ. 0 1) 4 2) 3 3) 2 4) 1
∴B=6
á:- 9) 6709 (745 3) 7 4) 2 5.- 6187B E 24 EøË™)-ù£ÙÞ¥ òÅ°T›úh B þ§–ìÙö˺
A4897B = A48976 9
6. 43A
- Íû¶ -ú£Ù-Üuìª 9 EøË™)-ù£-ÙÞ¥ òÅ°Tú£ªhÙC,
63 ÚÛ«è¯Lqì ÚÛEù£d ú£ÙÝËu ÑÙè˶ ÍÙ·Ú ÔC? E EøË™)-ù£-ÙÞ¥ òÅ°Tú£ªhÙC 674B Íû¶ ú£Ù-Üuìª 8 EøË™)-ù£-ÙÞ¥ òÅ°Tú£ªhÙC.
⎯⎯⎯ =- 9 − - 4 = - 5 1) 4 2) 3 3) 2 4) 1 A + 4 + 8 + 9 + 7 + 6 = A + 34
Ú¥ñæ¨d (A + B) × (A − B) = ?
40
Íô³ê¶
36
⎯⎯⎯
(ö˶ë¯) á:- 6187B E 24 EøË™)-ù£-ÙÞ¥ òÅ°T›úh 6187B E 8, 9 .
Þœªé¨áÙ Í÷±-꟪ÙC - 1) 12 2) −12 3) 6 4) −6
49 6709 ö˺E ÍÙ·Úõ 3 EøË™)-ù£-ÙÞ¥ òÅ°Tþ§hô³. A + 34 = 36; A = 36 − 34 = 2
∴ A = 2, B = 6
45 6187B E 8 EøË™)-ù£-ÙÞ¥ òÅ°T›úh 87B E 8 Íô³ê¶ A + B = 2 + 6 = 8 ú£÷«ëůû¦õª
⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯
ú£÷«-ëůìÙ:- 4
îμ³êŸhÙ
4 =- 6 +- 7 + -0 + -9 = 22 EøË™)-ù£-ÙÞ¥ òÅ°Tú£ªhÙC.- 1) 3 2) 2 3) 1 4) 4 5) 3 6) 2
10 B¨ÐéÆý‡… l
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Where did the 9-day long international kite festival..


Model Questions 1) Gujarat 2) Uttar Pradesh 3) Bangladesh 4) Sri Lanka 2018-19?
3) Madhya Pradesh 24. Which country declared the anci- 1) Rs 51,533 crore
1. How many states have achieved 4) Haryana GROUPS ent Hindu religious site of Panj 2) Rs 28,066 crore
100 percent household electri- 9. How many monuments were dec- Tirath as national heritage? 3) Rs 48,540 crore
fication under Centre's 'Pradhan lared as 'protected and of national General Studies
General Studies 1) Myanmar 2) Bangladesh 4) Rs 35,070 crore
Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar importance' by Archaeological 3) Sri Lanka 4) Pakistan 34. At what percent India's GDP wo-
Yojana' (Saubhagya)? Survey of India (ASI) in 2018,
Current
Current Affairs
Current Affairs
Affairs 25. Which country's Expediency Co- uld grow in 2018-19, as per the
Special
1) 13 2) 18 3) 20 4) 25 under the Ancient Monuments uncil has approved an anti-money first advance estimates of Natio-
useful for
2. How many crores did The Gover- and Archaeological Sites and Re-
mains Act, 1958?
Banks
Banks laundering bill to ease trade, whi-
ch will be in line with the stand-
nal Income at Constant (2011-12)
and Current Prices, for the fina-
nment of India released since fin-
& Other Exams
ancial year 2015-2016 to bridge 1) 21 2) 15 3) 9 4) 6 ards set by the Financial Action ncial year 2018-2019, released by
the gap between literacy levels of 10. What was the theme of the 27th Task Force (FATF)? Central Statistics Office (CSO)?
tribal girls and the general female edition of the New Delhi World 1) Pakistan 2) Iran 1) 7.6 % 2) 7.2 %
population? Book Fair (NDWBF) inaugurated 4) Tirupathi Railway Station 3) USA 4) UAE 3) 7.4 % 4) 7.7 %
1) Rs 185 crore 2) Rs 209 crore by Union HRD Minister Prakash 16. Where is the world's largest 26. Which country has opened West 35. What is the estimated growth rate
3) Rs 345 crore 4) Rs 420 crore Javadekar, in New Delhi? cricket stadium, which will have Asia's largest cathedral in its New in Per Capita Income during
3. Where was the 5-day long 'Indian 1) Promote the Habit of Reading a seating capacity of over 1 lakh, Administrative Capital? 2018-19, as per the first advance
Science Congress (ISC)-2019' 2) Readers with special needs being constructed? 1) Israel 2) Egypt estimates of National Income at
inaugurated by Prime Minister 3) Reading is everyone's right 1) Motera, Ahmedabad 3) Greece 4) Palestine Constant (2011-12) and Current
Narendra Modi held? 4) Readers and Publishers 2) Cachar, Guwahati 27. Which country has passed a law Prices, for the financial year
1) Jalandhar, Punjab 11. How many Pradhan Mantri Bhar- 3) New Town, Kolkata to make Islam compatible with 2018-2019, released by Central
2) Hisar, Haryana tiya Jan Aushadhi Pariyojana' 4) Koramangala, Bengaluru socialism and 'sinicize' it within Statistics Office (CSO)?
3) Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh (PMBJP) Kendras have become 17. What per cent quota in jobs and next 5 years? 1) 6.4 % 2) 6.1 %
4) Panaji, Goa functional in 35 States/UTs of educational institutions for eco- 1) South Korea 2) China 3) 6.3 % 4) 6.2 %
4. Where was the Veer Savarkar India, as on January 4? nomically weaker sections in ge- 3) Indonesia 4) Myanmar 36. Which institute has signed a Mo-
International Airport located as it 1) 4677 2) 5234 neral category was approved by 28. What is the budgetary allocation U with 7 public sector oil compa-
has been declared as an authori- 3) 6345 4) 3256 Union Cabinet and was passed in of Rastriya Yuva Sashaktikaran nies for setting up Centre of Ex-
zed Immigration Check post? 12. Which state government has an- Parliament? Karyakram Scheme for the Peri- cellence in Oil, Gas and Energy?
1) Guwahati, Assam nounced distribution of free sops 1) 20 % 2) 15 % od 2017-18 to 2019-2020 as app- 1) IIT, Kharagpur
2) Cuttack, Odisha to encourage farmers to enroll in 3) 10 % 4) 7.5 % roved by Union Cabinet? 2) IIT, Bombay
3) Port Blair, Andaman & Nico- the Atal Solar Krishi Pump 18. Which bill was cleared by Union 1) Rs.2250 crore 3) NIT, Jalandhar
bar Islands Yojana? Cabinet to provide Indian citizen- 2) Rs.1160 crore 4) MIT, Madras
4) Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh 1) Telangana 2) Gujarat ship to non-Muslims from Bang- 3) Rs.4566 crore 37. Which country became the first
5. To which act Union Cabinet app- 3) Madhya Pradesh ladesh, Afghanistan and 4) Rs.3356 crore ever spacecraft to land Robotic
roved amendment to make provi- 4) Maharashtra Pakistan? 29. With which bank SBI Life Insur- probe Chang'e 4 on face of the
sions regarding recognition and 13. Where did Ministry of Skill De- 1) Citizenship Amendment Bill ance has signed a bancassurance Moon not seen from the Earth?
giving statutory backing to cent- velopment and Entrepreneurship 2) Nationality Approval Amend- pact, aiming to offer a compre- 1) USA 2) Japan
ral and state-level trade unions? (MSDE) host the 3rd edition of ment Bill hensive financial planning solu- 3) China 4) South Korea
1) Factories Act, 1949 the National Entrepreneurship 3) Immigration Amendment Bill tion to its customers? 38. For which part of the body Scien-
2) Trade Unions Act, 1926 Awards (NEA)? 4) Immigrants Support Amend- 1) Federal Bank tists have developed a device na-
3) Employee Unions Act, 1951 1) New Delhi 2) Mumbai ment Bill 2) Syndicate Bank med WAND "Wireless artifact-fr-
4) Employee Welfare Act, 1935 3) Bengaluru 4) Hyderabad 19. At which place Union Govern- 3) Canara Bank 4) Axis Bank ee neuromodulation device" that
6. Where did Prime Minister Naren- 14. Where did the 9-day long interna- ment approved setting up of the 30. What percent of hike did Indian works like a Pacemaker?
dra Modi inaugurated the Dolai- tional kite festival which marks Centre for Classical Language? banking sector witnessed in cyber 1) Heart 2) Brain
thabi Barrage Project which has the Uttarayan or Makar Sankra- 1) Mysuru, Karnataka frauds in the financial year 2017- 3) Lungs 4) Liver
been constructed at a total cost of nti, the day when winter season 2) Tirur, Kerala 18, as per RBI's Report on Trend 39. Which country has developed a
Rs. 500 crore? starts changing to summer, com- 3) Salem, Tamil Nadu and Progress of Banking in India massive bomb, said to be the
1) Mizoram 2) Sikkim menced on 6th January 2019? 4) Warangal, Telangana 2017-18? counterpart to the US-built 'Mot-
3) Manipur 4) Assam 1) Shimla, Himachal Pradesh 20. Where will the 13th edition of the 1) 25 % 2) 35 % her of All Bombs', the most pow-
7. Which state topped among the 2) Ahmedabad, Gujarat annual Global Health care Sum- 3) 50 % 4) 75 % erful non-nuclear weapon?
Indian states in the latest ranking 3) Indore, Madhya Pradesh mit be held from July 19th to 31. Which Regional Rural Bank alo- 1) Russia 2) Japan
of Singapore's Asia Competi- 4) Mysuru, Karnataka 21st, 2019? ng with two other namely Malwa 3) China 4) North Korea
tiveness Institute's (ACI), Ease of 15. Which railway station has beca- 1) Mumbai 2) New Delhi Gramin Bank, Sutlej Gramin Ba- 40. Who is the chairman of the expert
Doing Business (EDB) index me the first railway station of 3) Hyderabad 4) Chennai nk have been amalgamated into a committee to suggest long-term
2018? South Central Railway (SCR) 21. In which field did Union Cabinet single RRB by the Government? solutions for the economic and
1) Karnataka 2) Andhra Pradesh zone to hoist a huge tricolour flag apprised of the MoU between 1) Kutch Rural Bank financial sustainability of the
3) Gujarat 4) Maharashtra on a 100-foot tall pole? India and Morocco on coopera- 2) Punjab Gramin Bank MSME sector appointed by RBI?
8. Which state government appro- 1) Hyderabad Railway Station tion? 3) Chandigarh Rural Bank 1) Vijay Singh
ved 11 projects to revive the myt- 2) Secunderabad Railway Station 1) Maritime Defence 4) Patiala Gramin Bank 2) U K Sinha 3) Harish Bansal
hical Saraswati River? 3) Vijayawada Railway Station 2) Sports 3) Customs Matters 32. Who became the first person to 4) Santosh Lakshman
4) Cyber Security be declared a 'fugitive economic
KEY
22. Which country President has sig- offender' under Section 12 of the
Vidya Weekly Test ned the "Asia Reassurance Initi- Fugitive Economic Offenders' 1) 4 2) 1 3) 1 4) 3 5) 2
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ative Act (ARIA)" into law? Act, 2018 by a special Prevention 6) 3 7) 2 8) 4 9) 4 10) 2
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Why does the sky sometimes appear white?


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Human Eye
and Colourful World
Study Plan: Human Eye and Colourful World
is one of the most important chapter in tenth class.
There is a chance of asking one '4' marks question, Physical Science (EM)
one '2' marks question and some bits from this
chapter in the public exam. Student need to point and point of least distance of distinct v) It acts as scattering centre for other frequ- eye and white colour is appeared.
develop complete understanding on important vision. encies which are lower than the frequency 9. If a white sheet of paper is stained with oil, the
topics in this chapter. ii) If we are able to being the image of the of blue light. paper turns transparent. Why?
Important topics in this chapter: Structure object kept beyond far point, between the vi) Blue colour scatters more than other colours. A. Paper material is made up of fibre. It has some
of eye and its functioning defects of vision: 1) far point and point of least distance of vii) That is why sky appears blue. refractive index. The paper is stained with oil.
Myopia 2) Hypermetropia 3) Presbyopia, forma- distinct vision using a lens, this image acts 5. Why does the sun appear reddish early in the If the refractive index of oil is similar to that
tion of rainbow, reason for the blue of sky, dis- as an object for the eye lens. morning? of paper, light passes from oil to paper. The
persion, scattering. iii) This can be made possible only when a A. It is due to scattering of light. Light near the light will not scatter and the paper become
concave lens is used. horizons passes thicker layers of air and larger transparent.
KEY WORDS 2. Explain the correction of the eye defect distance of atmosphere. Hence most of the 10. Name the part of the eye that controls the
1. Dispersion: The splitting of white light into Hypermetropia. blue light is scattered away and longer amount of light entering into the eye.
colours is called dispersion. wavelength reach our eyes giving rise to A. Pupil
2. Scattering of light: The process of reemiss- L reddish colour of sun. 11. State the colour of sunlight scattered by air
ion of absorbed light in all directions with H 6. Stars twinkle while the planets do not. Why? molecules in the atmosphere. A: Blue
different intensities by the atom or molecule A. Continuously changing atmosphere refract 12. Mention the name of a structure found in
is called scattering of light. A. i) Eye lens can form a clear image on the light from the stars by different amounts from human eye that control size of the pupil.
3. Least distance of clear vision: It is the least retina when any object is placed beyond one moment to the other. When atmosphere A. Iris
distance at which a person can see an object near point. refracts more starlight towards us the stars 13. Identify the part of human eye where image
comfortably and distinctly. ii) To correct the defect of hypermetropia, we appears to be bright and when the atmosphere of an object is formed. A: Retina
4. Accommodation of eye lens: The ability of need to use a lens which forms an image of refracts less starlight then the stars appear to 14. What kind of lens is present in the human
eye lens to change its focal length is called an object beyond near point. When the be dim. However the planets are nearer to us eye? A: convex lens
accommodation of eye lens. object is between near point (H) and least than the stars they appears to be 15. What is the scientific name of the near
5. Angle of vision: The maximum angle at distance of distinct vision (L). comparatively bigger to us so they can not be sightedness? A: Myopia
which we are able to see the whole object is iii) This is possible only when a double considered as a point source, hence no twinkl-
called angle of vision. convex lens is used. ing is seen.
FILL IN THE BLANKS
6. Myopia: The defect in which people cannot 3. Explain the formation of rainbow. 7. How do you appreciate the working of ciliary 1. The value of least distance of distinct vision is
see objects beyond far point is called Myopia. muscles in the eye? about ____. (25 cm)
7. Power of lens: The degree of convergence or Sunlight Raindrop A. i) The ciliary muscle to which eye lens is att- 2. The distance between the eye lens and retina is
divergence of light rays that can be achieved ached helps the eye lens to change its focal about ____. (2.5 cm)
by a lens is expressed in terms of its power. d length by changing radii of curvature of eye 3. The maximum focal length of the eye lens is
Re
1 let lens. about ____. (2.5 cm)
P= io
ii) When the eye is focussed on a distant 4. The eye lens can change its focal length due to
V
f Rainbow
8. Prism: A prism is a transparent medium object, the ciliary muscles are relaxed so working of ____ muscles. (ciliary)
separated from the surrounding medium by at A. i) The rainbow is a spectrum of sunlight in that the focal length of eye lens has its 5. The power of lens is 1D then focal length is
least two plane surfaces which are inclined at nature. maximum value which is equal to its ______. (100 cm)
certain angle in such a way that, light incident ii) The rainbow is formed due to the dispe- distance from the retina. 6. Myopia can be corrected by using ____ lens.
on one of the plane surfaces emerges from the rsion of sunlight by water droplets suspen- iii) When the eye is focussed on a closer object (concave)
other plane surface. ded in the atmosphere after rainfall. the ciliary muscles are strained and focal le- 7. Hypermetropia can be corrected by using
9. Angle of prism or refracting angle of iii) This phenomenon is due to the com- ngth of eye lens decreases. The ciliary mus- _______ lens. (convex)
prism: The angle between the plane surfaces bination of the refraction of sunlight by cles adjust the focal length in a such a way 8. In minimum deviation position of prism, the
PQ and PR is called the angle of the prism or spherical water droplets. Which act as that the image is formed on retina. angle of incidence is equal to angle of
refracting angle of prism. prisms and internal reflection occurs. iv) This process of adjusting focal length is _______. (emergence)
10. Angle of minimum deviation: It is the mini- iv) Parallel beams of light coming from sun called accommodation. 9. The splitting of white light into different
mum angle which the emergent ray makes getting dispersed at different angles of v) Ciliary muscles are useful to see distant, colours (VIBGYOR) is called _______.
with the incident ray. It depends upon angle of deviation produce a cone of rays at the closer objects clearly. (dispersion)
prism. observer's eye. 8. Why does the sky sometimes
11. Hypermetropia: The defect in which people v) Therefore the rainbow appears as an arc of appear white?
cannot see objects before near point is called a circle for an observer on the earth. A. i) In a hot day due to rise in
Hypermetropia. 4. Explain briefly the reason for the blue of the the temperature. Water
sky. vapour enters into atmos-
IMPORTANT QUESTIONS & ANSWERS
A. i) Scattering of sunlight through molecules of phere which leads to abun-
1. How do you correct the eye defect Myopia? atmosphere is the reason for the blue of the dant presence of water
sky. molecules in atmosphere.
ii) Our atmosphere contains atoms and mole- ii) These water molecules
cules of different sizes. scatter the colours of
iii) According to their sizes they are able to other frequencies (other
scatter different wavelength of light. than blue).
A. i) The eye lens can form clear image on the iv) For example the size of the water molecule iii) All such colours of other
retina when an object is placed between far is greater than the size of the N2 or O2. frequencies reaches your