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 12,  2019 - 

7

Write any two combined solid shapes?

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 12,  2019 - 

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Á‹tyÓ˛

ÚO˝ßÊ˛-Δ>-ªÍßä˛ ∑ ‘Ë˝∞–ÈΔÊˇÖ 12 fØ˲–ö˛« 2019

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Ú‹OØå˛fi á sÒ˝M>-Ài

(Δ˙ÖyÊ˛ã&2018)

{¥ÎΔÊˇÖøÊ˝ ßÊ˛‘Ë˝-ÃZØÛ˛ Vʸ$«¢ı‹¢ –˛$ΔÊˇ$-V¸OØ˲ _Mϸô˲fi C–ö˛”–ö˛˛$a. ^˲ÖyÓ˛-Vʸ…ä˛ øÊ˝$ô˲” –˛OßÊ˛≈ Mʸ‚Í-‘ÈÀ Á«-‘Z-´ßÊ˛-Mʸ$À$ BsÏ˝fÖ {Ô‹PÖVä¸ Á-«-MʸΔ>∞≤ A¿-–ö˛ñ®Æ ^Û˛‘ÈΔÊˇ$.

fΔÊˇ√±ÃZ ÚO˝{y¯-fØå˛ CÖfØå˛ ΔˇO‚Ê˝ìœ

ÁÖ-^˲Ö-ÃZôˆÕ ÚO˝{y¯-fØå˛ CÖfØå˛ ΔˇO‚Ê˝œØ˲$ fΔÊˇ√± B—-ÁŸP-«Ö-_Ö®. D ΔˇO‚Ê˝ìœ VʸÖrMʸ$ 140 MϸÃZ-“$-rΔÊˇœ –Û˛VʸÖô¯ {ÁƒÊ˝*Ï˝›Î¢Δˇ$$. M¯ΔÊˇ-yÏ˛ƒÊ˝* IÕÖså˝ AÌÕ^Û˛ D Mˆô˲¢ ΔˇOÀ$ CÖhØå˛ ØË ˛–ö˛$*ØÈ M>À$ÁŸÖ, øÊ ˝*ôÈ¥Î∞≤ ∞Δ¯´®Ö^Û˛ÖßÊ˛$Mʸ$ ߯Áfl˝ßÊ˛Á˛$ô˲$Ö®.

Úú{» ªZså˝ Á‹»”-Á‹$ "B®ô˲≈'

øÍΔÊˇ-ô˲-ßÛ˛-‘Ë˝ÖÃZ –˛$$rt-–˛$$-ßÊ˛˝ ˚ΔÊˇ ‘Ë˝Mϸ¢ô¯ Ø˲˛˛ Úú{» ªZså˝ Á‹»”-Á‹$V> "B®ô˲≈' Ø˲$ «Ö-_Ø˲ Ø˲–í˛-BÃå˝t ›˘ÃÍΔäˇ AÖyä˛ GÀ-{MϸtMä¸ ªZså˝fi AØÛ˛ M¯`

˝ M>-À-i-ƒÒ ˝*WÁ‹$¢ØÈ≤Δ Ê ˇ $. ÚO˝&Ô‹µyä˛ “yÏ˛ƒÒ˝* M¸–˛$-Δ>À Ø˛˝–ö˛- ΔäˇPØ˲$ EÁ-ƒÒ˝*WÖ_ »~ô˲ Á‹–ö˛$- ƒÊ˝$ÖÃZ Áú#så˝ªÍÃå˝ ›Î¶ØÈ∞≤, V¯Ãå˝ –ö˛òôå˛ ßësÏ˝Ø˲ Á‹–ö˛$ƒÊ˝$Ö, ›Î¶ØË˛Ö ô˲®ô˲ΔÊˇ Á‹–ö˛*-^È-Δ>∞≤ ›Îãút–Û˛Δäˇ ßë”Δ> –ö˛*˛ «Áú» ^Û˛Ü-Mʸ$Ø˲≤ VʸyÏ˛- ƒÊ˝*Δ>Mϸ AÖ®-Á‹$¢Ö®. ô˲ßÊ˛$-Á« H M¯◊˝ÖÃZ, Gr$ –˛#, H Br- V>yÏ ˛ –ö ˛ßÊ ˛™Mʸ$ ÖÜ –˛‚Ê ˝ œ-Vʸ-À߯ Mʸ*yë ‡Mä¸&I AÖ^˲ØÈ –Û˛Á‹$¢Ö®.

¥˘˝ Á»ÑʸÀ {ÁôÛ˛≈MʸÖ

Á‹$±Ãå˝ ´ßÊ˛–ö˛‚Ê˝

Ì‹CJ, ßÊ˛ £Ê˛Δäˇz AÖÚOΔäˇ “$yÏ˛ƒÊ˝*, ÎΔÊˇ√Δäˇ ˛Oã‹ {ÚÌ‹y˛Öså˝ ØÛ˛ÁŸØ˲Ãå˝ hƒÒ˝*{V>ÌúMä¸ bÈØ˲Ãå˝

Á#ΔÊˇ$-Vʸ$- –ö˛$Ö-ßÊ˛$À(∞ıŸ´ßÊ˛Ö)^˲rtÖ&2018

–ö˛≈–ö˛-›ÎƒÊ˝$ –ö˛$Ö{Üô˲” ‘ÈQ, ΔˇOô˲$À Á‹ÖÑÛ¸–ö˛$ —øÍVÊ¸Ö Á#ΔÊˇ$- Vʸ$- –ö˛$Ö-ßÊ˛$À(∞ıŸ´ßÊ˛Ö) ^˲rtÖ&2018 ^Û˛Ì‹Ö®. 18 Á#ΔÊˇ$-Vʸ$ -–ö˛$Ö- ßÊ˛$-À ô˲ƒÊ˝*», ®Vʸ$-–ö˛$Ü, ΔÊˇ–ÈÍ, A–ö˛$MʸÖ, —-ƒÒ˝*-VʸÖÚO ∞ıŸ´ßÊ˛Ö —´®Ö-_Ö®. 12 Á#ΔÊˇ$-Vʸ$ -–ö˛$Ö-ßÊ˛$-ÀØ˲$ BVʸÁ‹$t 9 Ø˲$Ö_ Á‹ô˲”-ΔÊˇÖ ∞ıŸ´®Ö_Ö®. –ö˛$Δ¯ BΔÊˇ$ -–ö˛$Ö-ßÊ˛$ÀMʸ$ yÏ˛Ú‹Ö-∫ΔÊˇ$ 31 –ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ VʸyÊ˛$–ö˛# C_aÖ®.

¥ÎŒ&- B-Mϸ-–˛$–í˛$ {MÓ¸–í˛$

GÃÍÖsÏ˝ gÍ{Vʸ-ô˲¢À$ °Á‹$-M¯-Mʸ$Öyë ΔˇOô˲$À$ –ö˛≈–ö˛-›ÎƒÊ˝$ ÑÛ¸{ôÈ-ÃZœ {Mϸ—$-Á‹Ö-‡-ΔÊˇMʸ ΔÊˇ›Î-ƒÊ˝$-ØÈÀ$, Á#ΔÊˇ$-Vʸ$ -–ö˛$Ö-ßÊ˛$-

Ú‹OØå˛fi AÖyä˛ ˝M>-Ài ΔÊˇÖVʸÖÃZ øÍΔÊˇôå˛ 2018ÃZ AßÊ˛$¬ô˲-{ÁVÊ¸Ü ›Î´®Ö_Ö®. {ÁÁÖ^˲ ßÛ˛-‘ÈÀ Á‹ΔÊˇ-Á‹Ø˲ ∞Õ-_Ö®. D ΔÊˇÖVʸÖÃZ –ö˛$Ø˲ ‘È{Ô‹¢ƒÊ˝$ B—ÁŸP-ΔÊˇ-◊˝-À$, ›ÎÖMÛ¸ÜMʸ —f-ƒÊ˝*À$ {ÁÜ øÍΔÊˇ-°-ƒÊ˝$$yÏ˛Mϸ VʸΔÊˇ” M>ΔÊˇ-◊˝Ö.

CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝* CÖrΔÛˇ≤-ÁŸ-Ø˲Ãå˝ Ú‹OØå˛fi ÚúÌ‹t-–ö˛Ãå˝

Ú‹OØå˛fi AÖyä˛ ˝M>-Ài –ö˛$Ö{Ü-ô˲”‘ÈQ B´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ≈ÖÃZ ØÈÀ$V¯ CÖyÏ ˛ƒÊ ˝* CÖrΔ Û ˇ≤ -ÁŸØË ˛ Ãå ˝ Ú‹OØå ˛fi ÚúÌ‹t-–ö ˛ Ãå ˝ (IIGã‹G-ãú) AM¯t∫ΔÊˇ$ 5 Ø˲$Ö_ 8 –ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ ÀM¯ÃZ f«-WÖ®. & –˛$$ßÊ ˛˝ II-Gã-‹-Gãú 2015 yÏ ˛Ú‹Ö- ∫Δä ˇÃZ ØË ˛*…Ï ˛-Œœ- IIsÏ˝(CÖyÏ˛-ƒÊ˝$Øå˛ CØå˛Ì‹t-r*˝ Bãú sÒ˝M>-À-i)ÃZ, ΔˇÖy¯ II-Gã-‹-Gãú 2016 yÏ˛Ú‹Ö-∫ΔÊˇ$ÃZ Ø˲*…Ï˛-Œœ- Ì‹Gã-‹-I-BΔäˇ ØÛ˛ÁŸ-Ø˲Ãå˝ Ìúh-MʸÃå˝ ÃÙ˝ªü-ΔÛˇ-r»ÃZ, –ö˛$*y¯ II-Gã-‹- Gãú 2017 AM¯t-ΔÊˇ$ÃZ ^˛Ø˛OÃZ ∞ΔÊˇ”Ìfl˝Ö-^È-ΔÊˇ$.

ƒÊ˝$$–ö˛-ô˲Mʸ$ ØÈÀ$Vʸ$ Á£Ê˛-M>-À$

ßÛ˛‘Ë˝ÖÃZ ƒÊ˝$$–ö˛ ‘È{Á‹¢-–Û˛-ô˲¢À$, Á«-‘Z-´ßÊ˛-Mʸ$-ÀØ˲$ {¥˘ô˲fi- Ìfl˝Ö-^Û˛Ö-ßÊ˛$Mʸ$ MÛ¸Ö{ßÊ˛ Ú‹OØå˛fi AÖyä˛ ˝M>-Ài –ö˛$Ö{Ü yëMʸtΔäˇ Áfl˝ΔÊˇ¤–ö˛ΔÊˇ¶Øå˛ ØÈÀ$Vʸ$ Á£Ê˛-M>-ÀØ˲$ {ÁMʸ-sÏ˝Ö-^ÈΔÊˇ$. Ú‹OØå˛fiÃZ ƒÊ˝$$–ö˛Mʸ$À {ÁÜ-øÊ˝Ø˲$ Vʸ$«¢Ö_, {¥˘ô˲fifl˝Ö-^Û˛Ö-ßÊ˛$Mʸ$ –ÈsÏ˝∞ ΔÊˇ*¥˜Ö-®Ö-^ÈΔÊˇ$. A— .... & sÓ˝˛Δäˇ A›˘-Ì‹-ƒÙ˝$-så˝fiÌŸãÁúΔäˇ »Ú‹Δäˇa GMʸ-ÃÒ˝Øå˛fi(sÏ˝H-B- ΔäˇD): C® Δ>{ÁŸt —‘Ë˝”-—-ßë-À-ƒÊ˝*ÃZœ, {ÚO–Û˛˝ —ßë-Á‹Ö-Á‹¶- ÃZœ Á≥∞-^Û˛ı‹ A´ßë-Mʸ$À {ÁÜøÊ˝Ø˲$ Vʸ$«¢Ö_ ^Û˛ƒÊ˝$*-ô˲-- Á‹$¢Ö®. K–ö˛ã‹ —h-sÏ˝ÖVä¸ yëM¯t-ΔÊˇÃå˝ ÚúÃZ-ÌŸã˛Ì‹tÖ-W”ãŸz CØ˛”-Ì‹t-VÛ¸-rΔäˇ A–ÈΔÊˇ$z(yÏ˛IH)

&

& & BV¸Ö-sÏ˝ÖVä¸ ΔˇOsÏ˝ÖVä¸ Ì‹PÃå˝fi ÁúΔäˇ B«t-Mʸ$-ÃÙ˝-sÏ˝ÖVä¸ »Ú‹Δäˇa (GyÊ˛--Gã-‹-G-BΔäˇ)

ΔÛˇ˛-ƒÒ˝* {¥˜-sÒ˝-MʸtΔäˇ Mϸså˝

CØå˛Ì‹t-r*˝ Bãú Ø˲*Mϸœ-ƒÊ˝$Δäˇ ˛$yÏ˛-Ì‹Øå˛ AÖyä˛ AÃÒ˝Oyä˛ Ú‹OØ˛fiã‹ ‘È{Á‹¢-–Û˛-ô˲¢À$ Ú‹ÚtÖ--ΔÊˇ$-ÃZ ôˆÕ Á‹”ßÛ˛÷ –˛OßÊ˛≈ Mϸså˝Ø˲$ A¿-–ö˛ñ®Æ ^Û˛‘ÈΔÊˇ$. A◊˝$ ƒÊ˝$$ßÊ˛ÆÖ, ΔÛˇ˛ƒÒ˝* ´ßë«-Mʸô˲ ŒMÛ¸-iÀô¯ MʸÕVÛ¸ V>ƒÊ˝*À _Mϸô˲fi M¯Á‹Ö ΔÛˇ˛-ƒÒ˝*&-{¥˜-sÒ˝-MʸtΔäˇ AØÛ˛ ΔÛ ˇ˛-ƒÙ ˝$-ÁÁŸØå ˛-ØË ˛$ {VÊ¸Ì fl˝Ö^Û ˛ 25MϸÚOV> Á˝tÀ$, –ö˛*{ô˲À$, –ö˛$ÖßÊ˛$Àô¯ D Mϸså˝Ø˲$ ΔÊˇ*¥˜Ö-®Ö-^È-ΔÊˇ$.

ı‹tyÏ˛ƒÊ˝$ÖÃZ EØ˲≤ ô˛ΔÊˇÚO D —‘Û˝œ-ÁŸ◊˝Ø˲$ ßÊ˛ñ‘Ë˝≈ ßÊ˛-ΔÊˇÿØ˲ ΔÊˇÖÃZ ^˲-Á‹$¢Ö®.

Á® —$-ÎÃZœ M>Ø˲fiΔäˇ Á»Ñʸ

M>Ø˲fiΔäˇ –È´® gÍyÊ˛ÀØ˲$ Vʸ$«¢Ö^Û˛ Mˆô˲¢ Á»Ñʸ —´ßëØÈ∞≤ B{ı‹tÕƒÊ˝*ÃZMÓ¸”Øå˛fiÃÍÖyä˛ —‘Ë˝”—ßëÀƒÊ˝$Ö Á«‘Z´ßÊ˛Mʸ$À$ A¿–ö˛ñ®Æ ^Û˛‘ÈΔÊˇ$. D —´ßëØË˛Ö ßë”Δ> MÛ¸–ö˛ÀÖ Á® —$-ÎÃZœ Δ¯W ΔÊˇMʸ¢-{Á-–È- Áfl˝ÖÃZ M>Ø˲fiΔäˇ MʸÍÀ gÍyÊ˛-ÀØ˲$

Vʸ$«¢›Î¢ΔÊˇ$.

AΔˇ$$ôÛ˛ A— ‘Ë˝»-ΔÊˇÖÃZ H

øÍVʸÖÃZ EØÈƒÒ˝*, GÖô˲ °{–ö˛ÖV>

ƒÊ˝$$Ø˛OsÒ˝˛ MϸÖVä¸yÊ˛–í˛$ÃZ–ö˛*Ø˲–ö˛ ÁúÀ©MʸΔÊˇ◊˝, ÌÖy¯ô˲µÜ¢ A£ë«sÓ˝ Ìú{–ö˛«ÃZ {° ı≥ΔˇÖså˝ ªÙ˝Ωã‹

i–ö˛ CÖ´ßÊ˛Ø˲ ‘Ë˝Mϸ¢ô¯ —–ö˛*Ø˲Ö

ÀØ˲$ ^˲À$œ-ô˲$Ö-sÍΔÊˇ$. D {Mʸ–ö˛$ÖÃZ Mˆ∞≤ —ÁŸ ΔÊˇ›Î-ƒÊ˝$- ØÈÀ$ ΔˇOô˲$À BΔ¯VʸÖÚO ßÊ˛${ÁŸµ-øÍ–ö˛Ö ^˲#-ôÈΔˇ$$. ©∞ ∞–È-ΔÊˇ-◊˝Mʸ$ ªÒ˝ÖVʸ$-‚Ê˝îΔÊˇ$Mϸ ^˛Ö®Ø˲ "CØå˛Ì‹tr*˝ Bãú Ú‹t–í˛$Ú‹Ãå˝ ∫ƒÊ˝*-Ài AÖyä˛ »gÒ˝-Ø˲-ΔÛˇ-sÏ˝–í˛ ˛$yÏ˛-Ì‹Øå˛' Á‹ÖÁ‹¶ "¥ÎŒ & -B-Mϸ-–˛$–í˛$' AØÛ˛ {MÓ¸–í˛$ ô˲ƒÊ˝*-ΔÊˇ$- ^Û˛-Ì‹Ö®. ©∞∞ JÖsÏ˝Mϸ Δ>Á‹$- Mʸ$ÖsÙ˝ {Mϸ—$-Á‹Ö-‡-ΔÊˇMʸ –ö˛$ÖßÊ˛$ÃZœ EÖyÛ˛ —ÁŸ-ÁN-«ô˲ ΔÊˇ›Î-ƒÊ˝$- ØÈÀ$ ^˲ΔÊˇ√Ö-ÃZMϸ ^ˆ^˲$a-Mʸ$-¥˘–ö˛#. FÌ-«-Ü-ô˲$¢ÃZœMϸ {Á–Û˛-’Ö-^˲- Mʸ$Öyë Mʸ*yë ∞Δ¯--´®-Á‹$¢Ö-®.

BsÏ˝fÖ {Ô‹PÖVä¸ Á«-Mʸ-ΔÊˇÖ

_Ø˲≤ ÌÀœÃZœ –ö˛*Ø˲-Ì‹Mʸ GßÊ˛$-Vʸ$-ßÊ˛À ÃZÁ–ö˛*, ÚO˝Á≥Δäˇ ƒÊ˝*Mϸt-

—sÓ˝ ˛ΔÊˇz-Δäˇ ÃÙ˝Mʸ BsÏ˝-Ì‹tMä¸ ΔÊˇ$VʸôÈ AØÛ˛® ô˛À$-Á‹$-M¯-–ö˛˛Ö MϸœÁŸt-

˛$OØ˲

糰.

ÌÀœÃZœ

BsÏ˝

M>Ø˲fiΔäˇ ÚO Á«-‘Z-´ßÊ˛-Ø˲Mʸ$ دªÒ˝Ãå˝ ∫Áfl˝ì-–ö˛

HsÍ ÀÑʸ-ÃÍ® –ö˛$Ö®M>Ø˲fiΔäˇ ¥˜rt-Ø˲-r$t-MˆÖ- sZÖ®. BΔ¯-Vʸ-ΔÊˇÖV> {ÁÁÖ^Ë˛Ö GßÊ˛$-ΔˆPÖ-r$Ø˲≤ VˆÁµ Á‹–È-‚Ê˝œÃZ M>Ø˲fiΔäˇ JMʸsÏ˝. –˛OßÊ˛≈-‘È-{Á‹¢ÖÃZ ‘È{Á‹¢-–Û˛- ô˲¢À$ gÙ˝–í˛$AÕœ-Á‹Øå˛, f¥ÎØå˛ ‘È{Á‹¢-–Û˛ô˲¢ ô˲Á‹$Mʸ$ ÁüÖgZ 2018MϸV>Ø˲$ دªÒ˝Ãå˝ ∫Áfl˝ì-–ö˛$Ü À¿Ö-_Ö®.

y ˛ {‡-yÊ ˛ *Øå ˛ Ø˲$Ö_ …Ï˛ŒœMϸ –˛$$rt –˛$$ßÊ˛-rV> i–ö˛ CÖ´ßÊ˛Ø˲ ‘Ë˝Mϸ¢ô¯ BVʸ-Á‹$tÃZ —–ö˛*ØÈ∞≤ Ø˲˛Ì–ö˛$Ø˲ ßÛ˛‘Ë˝Ö ^˲«{ô˲ Á‹ñÌŸtÖ_Ö®. Ú‹Oµã‹gÒ˝˝ ªüÖªÍ-«z-ƒÊ˝$Δäˇ Mʸ*4002 –˛$$rt-–˛$$-ßÊ˛˝ CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝$Øå˛ ∫ƒÒ˝* ÁúNƒÊ˝$Ãå˝ ÁúœΔˇ$$så˝V> –ö˛*«Ö®. f{ô¯Î

WÖfÀ$ AÖsÙ˝ AyÊ˛— B–ö˛$$ßÊ˛Ö WÖfÀ Ø˲˛

CÖ´ßÊ˛-ØË˛Ö 75‘ÈôË˛Ö ^˲–ö˛$$ΔÊˇ$ —–ö˛*-ØÈ-∞≤- Ø˲-yÏ˛-¥ÎΔÊˇ$.

—${‘Ë˝–ö˛$Öô¯ D

25‘Èô˲Ö,

˛O–ö˛*-Mʸ

D MˆôË ˛¢ Á ßÊ ˛Æ-ÜÃZ –˛$OsZ-M>Ö-{yÏ ˛-ƒÊ ˝$Ãå ˝ –È´ßÊ ˛–ÈΔÊˇ◊˝Mʸ$ ôË˛Õœ, ô˲Ö{yÏ˛ Ø˲$Ö_ A´®Mʸ –˛$$ô˲¢Ö

˛GØå˛G, –ö˛fl˝‚Í ßëô˲

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ÌÖyë∞≤ Á#Ø˲-ΔÊˇ$-ô˲µÜ¢

—´ßëØÈMϸ B–˛*ßÊ˛Ö ô˛ÕÌÖ®. I“-Gãú ÁßÊ˛Æ-ÜÃZ –˛$OsZ-M>Ö-{yÏ˛-ƒÊ˝* «ı≥œã‹–˛$Öså˝ ˝MϸMä¸ô¯ ôˆÕ ’‘Ë˝ì–ö˛# f∞√Ö_Ö®. D Ø˲*ô˲Ø˲ —´ßëØ˲ÖÃZ Á#sÏ˝tØ˲ ÌÀœÀØ˲$ "{° ı≥ΔˇÖså˝ ªÙ˝Ωã‹'V> –ö˛≈–ö˛fl˝-«-›Î¢ΔÊˇ$.

ı≥ΔˇÖså˝ ªÙ˝Ωã‹

Á‹ÖÁ‹¶Mʸ$ 2018 Mϸ V>Ø˲$ {Áô˲ V¯œÃå˝ MÓ¸œØ˛tMä¸ Cد-–Û˛-ÁŸØå˛

˘{V>Ö A–ÈΔÊˇ$z À¿Ö-_Ö®.

˛›Î¢ΔÊˇ$. D —´ßëØË˛Ö –˛OßÊ˛≈ –ö˛Δ>Y-

ÀÃZ ^˲ΔÊˇa-ÀMʸ$ Ì‹Ö®.

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A–˛$-«-M>Mʸ$ ^˛Ö®Ø˲ Δˇ”ã‹t MʸÖÁN-r-ΔˇOgå˝z Δ¯ªZ-sÏ˝Mä¸ BÌt- –˛$Ogå˝z AtΔˇ$$Ø˲Δäˇ(Ì‹B-ΔäˇJJ) “sÏ˝∞ ΔÊˇ*¥˜Ö-®Ö-_Ö®. ÁúÀ ÑÛ¸{ô˲ÖÃZ {›ÎtªÒ˝{», BÌÃå˝, {ßëÑʸ –ö˛ÖsÏ˝ –ÈsÏ˝Mϸ ô¯yÊ˛$ _Mʸ$PyÊ˛$, M>MʸΔÊˇ –ö˛ÖsÏ˝ Mʸ*ΔÊˇ-À ¥ÎßÊ˛$À Ø˲$Ö_ 8 Ú‹MʸÖ- yÊ˛œÃZ JMʸ ¥ÎßÊ˛$ ^ˆÁ#µØ˲, Δ¯kÃZ Á® GMʸ-Δ>À ÁÖrD Δ¯ªZså˝ M¯Á‹$¢Ö®.

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EØÈƒÒ˝* –ö˛*{ôË˛Ö D sÒ˝ã‹t ßë”Δ> ô˛Õ-ƒÊ˝$ßÊ˛$. D Á»Ñʸô¯ 90 ‘ÈôË˛Ö Mʸ_a-ô˲- –˛$OØ˲ ÁúÕ-ôÈÀ$ –ö˛Á‹$¢ØÈ≤Δˇ$$. Ø˲*ΔÊˇ$-‘ÈôË˛Ö ÁúÕ-ôÈ-À- M¯Á‹Ö Á«-‘Z-´ßÊ˛-Ø˲À$ fΔÊˇ$-Á#-ô˲$-ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$.

Á‹*Á≥Δä MʸÖ-ÁN-rΔäˇ "{Áô˲*ãŸ'

fØ˲-–ö˛« 2018 ÃZ CÖyÏ˛-ƒÊ˝$Øå˛ CØå˛Ì‹t-r*˝ Bãú {sZÌ-MʸÃå˝ ˛$sÏ˝-ƒÒ˝*-Δ>-ÃÍh (II-sÏ˝GÖ) øÍΔÊˇ-ô˲-ßÛ˛-‘Ë˝Ö Aô˲≈Öô˲ –Û˛Vʸ-–ö˛Ö-ô˲- –˛$OØ˲ Á‹*Á≥Δä MʸÖ-ÁN-rΔäˇ "{Áô˲*ãŸ'Ø˲$ —yÊ˛$-ßÊ˛À ^Û˛Ì‹Ö®. –ÈôÈ-–ö˛-ΔÊˇ◊˝ Á«-‘Z-´ßÊ˛-Ø˲ÃZ {ÁÁÖ-^˲Ö-ÃZ ØÈÀ$-V¯ –Û˛Vʸ-–ö˛Ö-ô˲-–˛$OØ˲ Á‹*Á≥Δä MʸÖ-ÁN-rΔäˇV> –ÈΔÊˇ¢-À-M¸-MϸPÖ®. Ø¯Δˇ$$yëÃZØÛ˛ÁŸ-Ø˲Ãå˝ Ú‹ÖrΔäˇ ÁúΔäˇ “$yÏ˛ƒÊ˝ΔÛˇÖgå˝ ˛ßÊ˛Δäˇ ∏˘ΔäˇM>ã‹t, ÁÁ#Ò˝ÃZCÖyÏ˛-ƒÊ˝$Øå˛ CØå˛Ì‹t-r*˝ Bãú {sÍÌ-MʸÃå˝ “$sÏ˝-ƒÒ˝*Δ>Ài "{Áô˲*ãŸ'Ø˲$ EÁ-ƒÒ˝*-WÁ‹$¢ØÈ≤Δˇ$$.

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ØË ˛*–ö ˛*-ƒÙ ˝ $ Δ ä ˇ

AÖsÍ-«P-sÏ ˝ Mä¸

ı‹tÁŸ-Øå˛ÃZ Á«-‘Z-´ßÊ˛-Ø˲À$ ^Û˛Á‹$¢Ø˲≤ fΔÊˇ√Øå˛ ‘È{Á‹¢-–Û˛-ô˲¢À$ H{Ì-Ãå˝ÃZ AÖsÍ-«P-sÏ˝-M>-ÃZ{XØå˛oã-‹ÃZ Mʸ*ΔÊˇ-V>-ƒÊ˝$À$ ÁÖyÏ˛Ö-^ÈΔÊˇ$. E⁄˘~-{Vʸ-ô˲À$ ô˲ΔÊˇ-^˲$V> & 4 yÏ˛{X-ÀMʸ$ Á˛- ¥˘ƒÙ˝$ B {ÁßÛ˛-‘Ë˝ÖÃZ –ö˛$sÏ˝t, Á‹*ΔÊˇ≈-ΔÊˇÃÙ˝Mʸ$Öyë ߯Á‹, –ö˛$$ÀœÖW, BMʸ$-Mʸ*-ΔÊˇÀ$ ÁÖyÏ˛Ö- ^ÈΔÊˇ$. –ö˛*Δäˇfi –ö˛ÖsÏ˝ {Vʸ‡-ÀÚO –ö˛≈–ö˛-›ÎƒÊ˝$Ö ^Û˛ƒÊ˝$-yë-Mϸ D ô˲ΔÊˇı‹ßÊ˛≈ —´ßëØË˛Ö EÁ-ƒÒ˝*-Vʸ-Á-yÊ˛$-ô˲$Ö®.

www.andhrajyothy.com

ÚO˝ßÊ˛-Δ>-ªÍßä˛ ∑ ‘Ë˝∞–ÈΔÊˇÖ 12 fØ˲–ö˛« 2019

Á‹tyÓ˛

17

DEGREES OF COMPARISION

There are three kinds of degrees

  • 1. Positive degree

  • 2. Comparative degree

  • 3. Superlative degree

There are five types in which the above

degrees are used in different manner

THE STRUCTURES OF ALL TYPES

TYPE-1

PD:

SUB+VERB+AS+

CD:

ADJECTIVE ADVERB+AS+SUB S+V+NOT+ADJ+THAN+S

TYPE-2

PD:

S+V+NOT+SO+ADJ+AS+S

CD:

S+V+ADJ+THAN+S

TYPE-3

PD:

NO OTHER+S+V+AS+ADJ+AS+S

CD:

S+V+ADJ+THAN+ANY OTHER+S

SD:

S+V+THE+ADJ+S

TYPE- 4

PD:

VERY FEW+S(PLURAL) +SO+ADJ+AS+S

CD: S+V+ADJ+THAN+MANY/MOST

SD:

OTHER+S(PLURAL) S+V+ONE OF THE+ADJ+ S(PLURAL)

TYPE-5

PD:

SOME+S+V+

CD:

AT LEAST+AS+ADJ+AS+S S+V+NOT+ADJ+THAN+SOME

SD:

OTHER+S(PLURAL) S+V+NOT+THE+ADJ+ OF ALL+S(PLURAL)

Type - I

PD: The aero plane flies as fast as birds. CD: Birds do not fly faster than aero planes PD: Krishnal is as strong as his broather. CD: His brother is not stronger than krishna PD: Mahabaleshwar is as cool as Mysore. CD: Mysore is not cooler than Mahabaleshwar. PD: Gold is as precious as silver. CD: Silver is not more precious than gold. PD: The sword is as mighty as the pen. CD: The pen is not mightier than the sword. PD: A deer runs as fastas a horse. CD: A horse does not run faster a deer. PD: He is as wise as Solomon. CD: Solomon is not as wiser than him. PD: My knife is as sharp as yours. CD: Your knife is not sharper than mine(my knife) PD: A wise enemy is as good as a foolish friend. CD: A foolish friend is not better than a wise enemy. PD: Ooty is as healthy as any resort in india. CD: Any resort in India is not healthier than ooty.

TYPE-2

PD: The king is not so mighty as the minister CD: The minister is mightier than the king PD: A horse does not run so fast as a deer. CD: A deer runs faster than a horse. PD: He is not so wise as Solomon. CD: Solomon is wiser than he. PD: Manasa is not so healthy as Girija in her family. CD: Girija is healthier than Manasa in her family. PD: It is not so prestageous as that CD: That is more prestageous than it PD: He does not love so affectionately as she

SSC CGL, IBPS, SI, CONSTABLE

CD: She loves more affectionately than he

TYPE-3

CD: Helen of troy was more beautiful than any other woman. SD: Helen of troy was the most beautiful woman. PD: No other woman was as beautiful as Helen of troy. SD: Lead is the heaviest metal. CD: Lead is heavier than any other metal. PD: No other metal is as heavy as lead. PD: No other story book is as popular as the Panchathantra stories. CD: The Panchathantra stories are more pop- ular than any other story book. SD: The Panchathantra stories are the most popular story book. SD: India is the largest democracy in the world. CD: India is larger than any other democracy in the world. PD: No other democracy in the world is as large as India SD: Australia is the largest island in the world. CD: Australia is larger than any other island in the world. PD: No other island in the world is as large as Australia. SD: This temple is the biggest in india. CD: This is bigger than any other temple in India. PD: No other temple in inida is as big as this one. PD: No other town in Malaysia is as old as Malacca. SD: Malacca is the oldest town in Malaysia. CD: Malacca is older than any other town in Malaysia. SD: The lion is the most ferocious animal. CD: The lion is more ferocious than any other animal. PD: No other animal is as ferocious as lion. SD: Shakunthala is the best drama in Sanskrit. CD: Shakunthala is better than any other drama in sankrit. P D: No other drama in Sanskrit is as good as shakunthala. CD: He is richer than any other man in vil-

lage. SD: He is the richest man in village. PD: No other man in the village is as rich as him. CD: This newspaper has a bigger circulation than any other paper. SD: This newspaper has the biggest circula- tion paper. PD: No other paper has as big circulation as this newspaper. SD: The tiger is the most ferocious animal. CD: The tiger is more ferocious than any other animal. PD: No other animal is as ferocious as tiger.

Type 4

SD: Mumbai is one of the richest cities in India. CD: Mumbai is richer than many other cities India. PD: Very few cities in India are as rich as Mumbai. SD: Ashoka was one of the greatest kings. CD: Ashoka was greater than many other kings. PD: Very few kings were as great as ashoka. SD: Hyderabad is one of the biggest of Indian cities. CD: Hyderabad is bigger than many other Indian cities. PD: Very few Indian cities are as big as Hyderabad. PD: Very few cities in india are as smart as warangal. SD: Warangal is one of the smartest of Indian cities. CD: Warangal is smarter than many other Indian cities. PD: Very few indo-anglian novelist are as famous as R.K. Narayan. SD: R.K. Narayan is one of the most famous indo-anglian novelists. CD: R.K. Narayan is more famous than many other indo-anglian novelists. SD: Samudra gupta was one of the most powerful Indian kings. CD: Samudra gupta is more powerful than many other Indian Kings. PD: Very few Indian kings are as powerful as Samudra gupta. SD: Nalgonda is one of the hottest districts

in India. CD: Nalgonda is hotter

than many other dis- tricts in India. PD: Very few districts in India are as hot as Nalgonda. PD: Very few boys are as hardworking as srinivas.

SD:

Srinivas is one of the most hardwork-

Katta Jan

Reddy

Asst. Professor of English

ing boys. CD: Srinivas is more hardworking than many other boys. CD: Shakespeare is greater than most other English poets. SD: Shakespeare is one of the greatest English poets. P D: Very few English poets are as great as Shakespeare. SD: Mumbai is one of the richest cities in India. C D: Mumbai is richer than many other cities India. PD: Very few cities in India are as rich as Mumbai.

Type 5

SD: Sarala buildings is not the tallest of all buildings in the city. CD: Sarala buildings is not taller than some other buildings in the city. PD: Some other buildings in the city are at least as tall as Sarala buildings SD: Bhoomy is not the cleverest of all girls in the class. CD: Bhoomy is not cleaverer than some other girls in the class. PD: Some other girls are at least as clever as Bhoomy PD: Some boys are atleast as industrious as Nipun Reddy CD: Nipun Reddy is not more industrious than some other boys. SD: Nipun Reddy is not the most industri- ous of all boys. PD: Some beans are atleast as nutrious as meat. CD: Meat is not more nutritious than some other beans.

SD: Meat is not the most nutritious of all beans. SD: Tennyson is not the greatest poet. CD: Tennyson is not greater than some other poet. PD: Some other poets are atleast as great as Tennyson CD: Mahesh is not more handsome than some other boys. SD: Mahesh in not the most handsome of all boys. PD: Some other boys are at least as hand- some as Mahesh CD: Rohan is not duller than some other stu- dents in the college S D: Rohan is not the dullest of all stu- dents in the college. PD: Some other students are atleast as dull as Rohan in the college. SD: Rani is not the cleverest of all students.

CD:

Rani is not clever than some other students.

PD: Some other students are at least as clever as Rani. CD: Tennyson is not more popular than some other poets. SD: Tennyson is not the most popular poet. PD: Some other poets are at least as popular as Tennyson.

12 ôV’<äsêu

X¯ìyês¡+ 12.1.2019

In plant ‘A’ the seeds are endospermic and inflorescence ...

1) A taxon belonging to the family poaceae has a single seeded dry indehiscent fruit with edible endosperm and pollen grains lose viability with in 30 minutes after their release. Jaya and Ratna are the varieties of that taxon. Approxi mate life span of that taxon is

1) 1 year

2) 3-7 years

3) 2 years 4) 3-7months

2) Identify the correct pair of combina- tions

I)

Gonyaulax - Mesokaryon - biolu-

minescence

 

II) Aspergillus - The asexual spores are generally not found - citric acid III) Porphyra - Carpogonium - flori dean starch IV) Lycopsida - Selaginella - het- erosporous

1) I ,II 3) II ,III

 

2) III, IV 4) I,IV

3) Identify the correct statement

 

1)

Separate taxonomic keys are

required for each taxonomic catego- ry such as family, genus and species for identification purposes 2) As we go higher from species to kingdom , the number of common characteristics goes on increasing 3) No non- living object is capable of reproduction. Hence , reproduc- tion can be an all inclusive defining characteristic of living organisims 4) The sex organs in Pteridophytes are multicellular, Jacketed and stalked

NEET SPECIAL

 

BIOLOGY

 

4) Study the following lists List-I

 

A)

Strawberry

B) Citrus

C)

Guava

D) Castor

List-II

 

I)

Epigynous flowers, berry fruit

 

II) Glyoxysomes, schizocarpic fruit

III) Runner, false fruit IV) Polyembryony, Hesperidium

The correct match is

 
 

A

B

C

D

1)

I

V

III

II

2)

III

IV

I

II

3) III

V

I

II

4) V

IV

I

II

5) In plant ‘A’ the seeds are endosper-

mic and inflorescence is spadix ‘B’ plant has herkogamy and parallel venation. In ‘C’ plant ovule has slig htly curved embryosac and ovary has marginal placentation. Identify the following characters found in plants A ,B and C respectively

I)

Seed dormancy is due to the pres-

ence of hard seed coat II) Fleshy fruit in which entire peri- carp is not edible III) An ornamental plant with rhi- zomatous is not stem

1) I ,II ,III 3) II , I, III

2) III ,I , II 4) II ,III ,I

6) The characters associated with the

plant in which pollination is by Blastoohaga

  • I) Prop roots

II) Gall flowers III) Compound fruit

IV) Fleshy peduncle

  • V) Dispersal of the seeds through birds

1) II , III ONLY

2) I ,II ,IV ONLY 3) II , IV , V ONLY 4) I,II,III,IV,V

7) Assertion(A): In angiosperms , each

of the cells of an embryro-sac is haploid. Reason (R): In angiosperms during the development of embryosac free

nuclear divisions take place 1) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A. 2) Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A. 3) A is true but R is false 4) A is false ,but R is true.

8) Identify the correct pair of combina- tions

  • I) Chloroplast - ATP - oxidative phos

phorylation II) Glyoxysomes Glyoxylate cycle --- Convert stored lipids to carbohy- drates III) Mitochondria --- ATP --- pho-

tophosphorylation IV) Golgi complex --- C is and trans faces cell plate formation

1) II ,IV 3) II , III

2) I , III 4) III,IV

9) Arrange the following in descend-

ing order based on their numbers

  • I) Total number of microtubules

found in a flagellum of eukaryotes II) Total number of microtubules found in a centrosome III) Total Types of Histone proteins associated with eukaryotic DNA IV) Number of chromosomes in a meiocyte of Apple

1) IV ,II , I, III 2) II ,I ,IV, III 3) III , I ,IV, II 4 ) II , IV , I, III

10) Identify the mis-match 1) Water + CO 2 -- > sucrose _ Anab olic pathway 2) Assembly of a protein from amino acids _ Catabolic pathway 3) Acetic acid -- > cholesterol _ Anabolic pathway 4) Glucose -- > Lactic acid _Catabo lic pathway

11) Assertion( A) : All succession whether taking place in water or on land, proceeds to a similar climax community –The mesic

Reason(R): In primary succession on rocks, the pioneers are usually lichens and in primary succession in water, the pioneers are the small phytoplanktons 1) Both A and R are correct and R is

the correct explanation of A. 2) Both A and R are correct R is not the correct explanation of A. 3) A is true but R is false 4) A is false but R is true.

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d”ìj·TsY bòÕ´ø£©º, b˛{° |üØø£å\ ì|üDT\T ôV’<äsêu<é bò˛Hé : 9440378146

12) Identify the correct pair of combi-

15 ) Study the following lists

 

nations

List –I

List-II

I)

Zostera _ Long ribbon like pollen

A)

Statins I) Mad cow disease

grains _hypohydrophily II) Opuntia _ Stem succulent _ phyllode

B)

Cyclosporin A II) Myocardial infection

III) Utricularia _ Submerged rooted hydrophyte _ Aerenchyma

C)

Streptokinase III) Monascus purpureus

IV) Asparagus _ Root succulent _ Vegetable

D)

Re-emerging disease IV) Tuberculosis

1 ) II, III

 

2) I, II

V)

Trichoderma polysporum

 

3) I, IV

4) III, IV

The correct match is

 

13) Study the following lists with refer-

 

A

B

C

D

ence to dicot stem

 

1)

III

V

II

I

List I

 

List-II

2) V

III

II

I

A)

Intra stelar primary lateral meristem

3)

V

III

II

IV

I) Inter fascicular cambium

4) III

V

II

IV

B)

Extra stelar secondary lateral meristem

16) Identify the incorrect statement

 

II) Cork

1) NAA, 2, 4-D are synthetic auxins

C)

Intra stelar secondary lateral meristem III) Fascicular vascular cambium

2) A sigmoid curve is characteristic of living organism growing in a natural

D)

The structure formed due to the

environment

activity

 

IV) Bark

3) Glycolysis starts with phosphoryla-

Of both vascular cambium and cork

tion and ends with dephosphorylation

cambium The correct match is

V) Phellogen

4) All the end products of light phase are utilized in the biosynthetic phase

 

A

B

C

D

of phase of photosynthesis

1)

I

V

III

IV

17) Identify the physiological functions

2)

I

V

III

II

of two macroelements , of them , the

3)

III

V

I

II

former is required for the synthesis

4)

III

V

I

IV

of proteins and the latter is required

14 ) study the following lists

for the normal functioning of the

List-I

 

List-II

cell membrane

A)

Lilium I) Cup shaped thalamus ,

Capsicum II) Radical leaves ,

I)

A constituent of the ring structure

B)

monadelphous stamens

of chlorophyll II) Splitting of water in photosynthesis

ornamental plant

III) Required for the Carbohydrate

C)

Brassica III) Alternate phyl lotaxy, parietal placentation

translocation IV) An activator for urease

 

D)

Crotalaria

V)

Maintenance of cell turgidity

IV) Radical leaves, scape

1) II, III

 

2) V, II

V)

Bicollateral vascular bundles in

3) IV, III

4) I, IV

stems , unilocular ovary The correct match is

 

A

B

C

D

ANSWERS

1)

II

III

V

I

1) 4

2)2

3)1

4)3

5)4

2)

II

V

III

I

6) 4

7)2

8)1

9)4

10)2

3)

IV

V

III

I

11)2

12)3

13)4

14)2

15)4

4)

IV

I

III

II

16)4

17)2

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