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History of Architecture

1 In Egyptian architecture, the tomb of the pharaohs is the. Pyramid


2 The great pyramid at Gizeh was built during the 4th dynasty by. Cheops
3 The beginner of the great hypostyle hall at karnak and the founder of the 19th dynasty. Rameses 1
4 The mineral of greatest importance to Greek architecture of which Greece and her
Marble
domains had ample supply of was.
5 Greek architecture was essentially. Columnar trabeated
6 Forming the imposing entrance to the acropolis and erected by the architect Mnesicles
Propylaea
is the.
7 The building in the acropolis generally considered as being the most nearly perfect
Parthenon
building ever erected is the.
8 With the use of concrete made possible by pozzolan, a native natural cement, the
Arch and vault
9 Romans achieved huge interiors with the.
10 Which of the order was added by the Romans to the orders used by the Greeks. Composite
11 From the 5th century to the present, the character of Byzantine architecture is the
Domical roof construction
practice of using.
12 The finest and remaining example of Byzantine architecture. St. Sophia, Constantinople
13 The architectural character of the Romanesque architecture is. Sober and dignified
14 Romanesque architecture in Italy is distinguished from that of the rest of Europe by the
Marble
use of what material for facing walls.
15 The most famous and perfect preservation of all ancient buildings in Rome. Pantheon
16 The space between the colonnade and the naos wall in Greek temple. Pteroma
17 Amphitheaters are used for ___. Gladiatorial Contests
18 An ancient Greek Portico, a long colonnaded shelter used in public places. Stoa
19 The fortified high area or citadel of an ancient Greek City. Acropolis
20 An upright ornament at the eaves of a tile roof, concealing the foot of a row of convex
Antefix (Antefixae)
tiles that cover the joints of the flat tiles.
21 Strictly, a pedestal at the corners or peak of a roof to support an ornament, more usually,
Acroterion / Acroterium
the ornament itself.
22 Also called a 'Honeysuckle' ornament. Anthemion
23 In ancient Greece and Rome, a storeroom of any kind, but especially for storing wine. Apotheca
24 The characteristic of Greek ornament. Anthemion
25 The use of ___ for facing walls distinguishes Romanesque architecture in Italy from that
Marble
of the rest of Europe.
26 The outstanding group of Romanesque is found in ___. Pisa
27 The dining hall in a monastery, a convent, or a college. Refectory
28 The architecture of the curved line is known as ___. Baroque
29 The open court in an Italian palazzo. Cortel
30 The ornamental pattern work in stone, filling the upper part of a Gothic window. Tracery
31 Japanese tea house. Cha-sit-su
32 A Muslim temple, a mosque for public worship, also known as place for prostration. Masjid
33 Domical mound containing a relic. Stupa
34 Ifugao house (southern strain). Bale
35 In Mesopotamian architecture, religion called for temples made of sun-dried bricks. Ziggurat
36 The style of the order with massive and tapering columns resting on a base of 3 steps. Doric
37 Tomb of the pharaohs. Pyramid
38 Earthen burial mounds containing upright and lintel stones forming chambers for
Tumuli
consecutive burials for several to a hundred persons.
39 A semi-circular or semi-polygonal space, usually in church, terminating in axis and
Apse
intended to house an altar.
40 Temples in Greece that have a double line of columns surrounding the naos. Dipteral
41 Senate house for chief dignitaries in Greek architecture Prytaneion
42 Architect of the Einstein Tower. Erich Mendelsohn
43 Founder of the Bauhaus School of Art. Walter Gropius
44 What architectural term is termed to be free from any historical style? Art Noveau
45 From what architecture is the Angkor Vat? Cambodian
46 The architect of Chrysler building in N.Y. Van Alen
47 Another term for crenel or intervals between merlon of a battlement. Embrasures
48 Taj Mahal temple is located in ___. Agra
49 In the middle kingdom, in Egyptian architecture, who consolidate the administrative
system, made a survey of the country, set boundaries to the provinces, and other helpful Amenemhat I
works.
50 Who erected the earliest known obelisk at Heliopolis. Senusret I
51 Jubilee festivals of the pharaohs. Heb-sed
52 The world's first large-scale monument in stone. Pyramid of Zoser
53 The highest sloped pyramid in Gizeh Pyramid of Khufu
54 A vault created when two barrel vaults intersect at the right angles. Groin Vault
55 Sarimanok is a décor reflecting the culture of the ___. Visayan
56 Caryatid porch is from what architecture? Greek
57 Female statues with baskets serving as columns. Canephora
58 A small tower usually corbelled at the corner of the castle. Bartizan
59 A hall built in Roman Empire for the administration of justice. Basilica
60 The Parthenon is from what architecture. Greek
61 A roof in which 4 faces rests diagonally between the gables and converge at the roof. Helm Roof
62 A compound bracket or capital in Japanese architecture. Masu-gumi
63 A concave molding approximately quarter round. Cavetto
64 Architect of Iglesia ni Cristo. Carlos Santos Viola
65 A Filipino architect whose philosophy is 'the structure must be well oriented'. Caesar Homer Concio
66 What is not required as a feature in modern Muslim mosque. Pinnacle

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History of Architecture
67 Architect of Robinson's Galleria William Cosculluela
68 Major contribution of the Renaissance Architecture. Baroque for of Ornamentation
69 "A house is like a flower pot" Richard Josef Neutra
70 Richly carved coffins of Greece and Mesopotamia. Sarcophagus
71 King Zoser's architect who was deified in the 26th dynasty. Imhotep
72 The council house in Greece. Bouleuterion
73 Elizabethan Architecture is from what architecture. U.S. / English Renaissance
74 Art Noveau style first appeared in what structure. Tussel House
75 A faced without columns or pilaster in renaissance architecture. Astylar
76 Art Noveau is known as the international style, in Germany it is known as ___. Jugendstijl
77 Less is more. Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe
78 First school which offered architecture in the Philippines. Liceo de Manila
79 Embrasures. Crenel
80 Formal architecture, one of the principles of composition. Balance
81 Different historical styles combined. Eclecticism
82 Architect of TWA airport. Eero Saarinen
83 The falling water by Frank Lloyd Wright is also known as ___. Kaufman House
84 First president and founder of PAS. Juan Nakpil
85 "Modern architecture need not be western". Kenzo Tange
86 Architect of the national library, Philippines. Felipe Mendoza
87 The xerxes hall of hundred columns was introduced during the Mesopotamian
Palace of Persepolis
architecture, which palace was it used.
88 Taj Mahal is a building example of what architecture. Saracenic Architecture
89 The convex projecting molding of eccentric curve supporting the abacus of a Doric capital. Echinus
90 Pantiles used for Chinese roofings. S-tiles
91 Greek equivalent of the Roman forum, a place of open air assembly or market. Agora
92 A slight vertical curvature in the shaft of a column. Entasis
93 The very ornate style of architecture developed in the later renaissance period. Baroque
94 A multi-storied shrine like towers, originally a Buddhist monument of diminishing size with
Pagoda
corbelled cornice and moldings.
"cubicula" or bedroom is from what architecture. Roman
95 From the Greek forms of temple, the three where it lies is known as ___. Crepidoma
96 From the Greek temples, a temple that have porticoes of columns at the front and rear. Amphi-Prostyle
97 Memorial monuments of persons buried elsewhere in Roman architecture. Cenotaphs
Cheops
98 The three pyramids in Gizeh Chefren
Mykerinos
99 The cistern storage of collected rainwater underneath the azotea of the bahay na bato. Aljibe
100 A shallow cistern or drain area in the center of a house. Impluvium
101 In Greek temples, the equivalent of the crypt is the ___. Naos
102 The tomb beneath a church. Crypt
103 A raised stage reserved for the clergy in early Christian churches. Bema
104 A decorative bracket usually taking the form of a cyma reversa strap. Console
105 Semi-palatial house surrounded by an open site. Villa
106 A roman house with a central patio. Atrium House
107 Revival of classical Roman style Romanesque
108 The style emerging in western Europe in the early 11th century, based on Roman and
Byzantine elements, characterized by massive articulated wall structures, round arches, Romanesque
and powerful vaults, and lasting until the advent of Gothic architecture.
109 Architect and furniture designer. Alvar Aalto
110 First registered architect in the Philippines. Tomas Mapua
111 The public square of imperial Rome. Forum
112 Architect of Manila Hilton Hotel. Welton Becket
113 Finest example of French-Gothic architecture Chartres Cathedral
114 How many stained glass are there in the Chartres Cathedral? 176
115 Agora is from what architecture? Greek
116 Sacred artificial mountains of Babylon and Assyria. Ziggurat
117 A plant whose leaves form the lower portions of the Corinthian capital. Acanthus
118 Structure of wedge-shaped blocks over an opening. Arch
119 The space between the sloping roof over the aisle and the aisle vaulting, so also called
Triforium
a blind story.
120 A windowed wall that rises above the roof of adjacent walls that admit light into the
Clerestory
interior.
121 A standard, usually of length, by which the proportions of a building are determined. Module
122 The triangular or segmental space enclosed by a pediment or arch. Tympanum
123 A line of counterthrusting arches on columns or piers. Arcade
124 In the classical order, the lowest part or member of the entablature; the beam that spans
Architrave
from column to column.
125 In classical architecture, the elaborated beam member carried by the columns. Entablature
Cornice
126 Parts of an entablature, in order of top to bottom. Frieze
Architrave
127 Plan shape of a Chinese pagoda. Octagonal
128 Usual number of stories for a Chinese pagoda. 13
129 A special feature of Japanese houses, used to display a flower arrangement or art. Tokonama
130 Plan shape of a Japanese pagoda. Square
131 The most famous structure of Byzantine architecture and notable of its large dome. Hagia Sophia
132 Triangular piece of wall above the entablature. Pediment

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History of Architecture
133 A spherical triangle forming the transition from the circular plan of a dome to the poly-
Pendentive
gonal plan of its supporting structure.
134 A long arcaded entrance porch in an early Christian church. Narthex
135 The principal or central part of a church, extending from the narthex to the choir or
Nave
chancel and usually flanked by aisles.
136 The covered walk of an atrium. Ambulatory
137 A basin for ritual cleansing with water in the atrium of an early Christian basilica. Cantharus
138 A large apsidal extension of the interior volume of a church. Exedra
139 An ornamental canopy of stone or marble permanently place over the altar in a church. Baldachino
140 A decorative niche often topped with a canopy and housing a statue. Tabernacle
141 A recess in a wall to contain a statue or other small items. Niche
142 A tower in the Muslim Mosque used to call people to prayer. Minaret
143 Coffers, sunken panels in the ceiling. Lacunaria
144 The Buddhist temple in ancient Cambodia which feature four faces of the compassionate
Bayon
Buddha.
145 A term given to the mixture of Christian, Spanish, and Muslim 12th-16th century
Mudejar
architecture.
146 Projecting blocks of stone carved with foliage, typical in Gothic architecture. Crocket
147 A slab forming the crowning member of the capital. Abacus
148 The crowning member of a column. Capital
149 A rectangular or square slab supporting the column at the base. Plinth
150 A low screen wall enclosing the choir in early Christian church. Chancel
151 The cold section of a Roman Bath. Frigidarium
152 This church in the Philippines is the seat of the Malolos Congress. Barasoain Church
153 The palace proper in Assyrian palaces. Seraglio
154 Holy mountains. Ziggurat
155 Architect of the famous propylaea, Acropolis. Mnesicles
156 Private family apartments in Assyrian palaces. Harem
157 The most stupendous and impressive of the rock-cut-temples. Great Temple, Abu Simbel
158 The four-seated colossal statues of Rameses II is carved in the pylon of the ___. Great Temple, Abu Simbel
159 Favorite motifs of design of the Egyptians. Palm, Lotus, and Papyrus
160 Two main classes of temples in Egyptian Architecture. Mortuary and Cult Temples
161 Egyptian temples for ministrations to deified pharaohs. Mortuary Temple
162 Structure whose corners are made to face the four cardinal points. Ziggurat
163 Structure whose sides are made to face the four cardinal points. Pyramid
164 Egyptian temples for the popular worship of the ancient and the mysterious gods. Cult Temple
165 The use of monsters in doorways is prevalent in what architecture? Persian
166 The Greek male statues used as columns. Atlantes
167 A recessed or alcove with raised seats where disputes took place. Exedra
168 A single line of columns surrounding the Naos. Peripteral
169 The uppermost step in the crepidoma. Stylobate
170 The lowest step in the crepidoma. Stereobate
171 A building in Greek and Roman for exercises or physical activities. Gymnasium
172 The three chamber of a Greek temple. Pronaos, Naos, and Epinaos
173 A Greek building that contains painted pictures. Pinacotheca
174 Temple with a portico of columns arranged in front. Prostyle
175 The clear space in between columns. Intercolumniation
176 Intercolumniation of 2.25 diameters. Eustyle
177 Intercolumniation of 4 diameters. Areostyle
178 Intercolumniation of 2 diameters. Systyle
179 Pycnostyle intercolumniation has how many diameters? 1.5 Diameters
180 Diastyle intercolumniation has how many diameters. 3 Diameters
181 A kindred type to the theater. Odeion
182 Roman building which is a prototype of the hippodrome of the Greek. Circus
183 Roman building for which gladiatorial battles took place. Colosseum
184 What sporting event takes place in the Palaestra? Wrestling
185 A foot race course in the cities. stadium
186 A temple with 1-4 columns arranged between antae at the front. In Antis
187 A temple with 1-4 columns arranged between antae at the front and rear. Amphi-Antis
188 In Greek, it is the Roman prototype of the Thermae. Gymnasium
189 Greek order that has no base. Doric
190 The most beautiful and best preserved of the Greek theaters. Epidauros
191 What orders did the Etruscans and the Romans add making 5 in all? Tuscan and Composite
192 What allowed the Romans to build vaults of a magnitude never equaled till the birth of
Use of Concrete
steel for buildings.
The finest of all illustrations of Roman construction. Pantheon
193 The oldest and most important forum in Rome. Forum Romanum
194 Who commenced the 'hall of hundred columns'? Xerxes
195 Who completed the 'hall of hundred columns'? Artaxerxes
196 Architects of the Parthenon. Callicrates and Ictinus
197 Master sculptor of the Parthenon. Phidias
198 In Roman fountains, the large basin of water. Lacus
199 Spouting jets in Roman fountain. Salientes
200 The oldest circus in Rome. Circus Maximus
201 The colosseum in Rome also known as the "flavian amphitheater" was commenced by
Vespasian / Domitian
whom and completed by whom?
202 Architect of the Erechtheion. Mnesicles
203 A water clock or an instrument for measuring time by the use of water. Clepsydra

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204 The finest of Greek Tombs, also known as the 'tomb of Agamemnon'. Treasury of Atreus
205 Architect of the Temple of Zeus, Agrigentum Theron
206 Architect of the Temples of Zeus, Olympia. Libon
207 Roman architect of the Greek Temples of Zeus, Olympius. Cossutius
208 Both the regula and the mutule has guttae numbering a total of ___. 18
209 A quadrigas is a ___. 4-horse Chariot
210 The water-leaf and tongue is a usual ornament found in the ___. Cyma Reversa
211 The Corona is usually painted with the ___. Key Pattern
212 Greek sculptures may be classified as "architectural sculpture, free standing statuary,
Sculptured Reliefs
and the ___".
213 One of the best examples of a surviving megaron type of Greek domestic building. House #33
214 The molding that is often found in the Doric Order. Bird's Beak
215 The wall or colonnade enclosing the Temenos Peribolus
216 The private house of the Romans. Domus
217 Roman rectangular temples stood on a ___. Podium
218 Roman large square tiles. Bepidales
219 A type of Roman wall facing with alternating courses of brickworks. Opus Mixtum
220 A type of Roman wall facing which is made of small stone laid in a loose pattern roughly
Opus Incertum
resembling polygonal work.
221 A type of Roman wall facing with a net-like effect. Opus Recticulatum
222 A type of roman wall facing with rectangular block with or without mortar joints. Opus Quadratum
223 A Roman structure used as hall of justice and commercial exchanges. Basilica
224 A type of monument erected to support a tripod, as a prize for athletic exercises or
Choragic Monument
musical competitions in Greek festivals.
225 A type of ornament in classic or renaissance architecture consisting of an assemblage
Fret
of straight lines intersecting at right angles, and of various patterns.
226 Figures of which the upper parts alone are carved, the rest running into a parallelopiped
Termini
or diminishing pedestal.
227 Marble mosaic pattern used on ceilings of vaults and domes. Opus Tesselatum
228 Conceptualized the Corinthian capital. Callimachus
229 The sleeping room of the 'megaron'. Thalamus
230 The origin of the door architrave. Timber-enframed Portal
231 The atrium type of house originated with the ___. Etruscans
232 Roman apartment blocks. Insula
233 A building in classic architecture decorated with flowers and plants with water for the
Nymphaeum
purpose of relaxation.
234 !5th to 18th century architecture. Renaissance
235 "Form follows function". Louis Sullivan
236 The dominating personality who became an ardent disciple of the Italian renaissance
Iñigo Jones
style.
237 A pillared hall in which the roofs rests on the column in Egyptian temples. Hypostyle Hall
238 Who began the building of the Great Hypostyle Hall at Karnak? Thothmes I
239 Architect of the Great Serapeum at Alexandria. Ptolemy III
240 He created the Dymaxion House, "the first machine for living". Buckminster Fuller
241 Tombs built for the Egyptian nobility rather than the royalty. Rock-Hewn Tombs
242 Architect of the Lung Center of the Philippines. George Ramos
243 The warm room in the Thermae. Tepidarium
244 The Hot room of the Thermae. Calidarium
245 The cold or unheated pool in the Thermae. Frigidarium
246 The dry or sweating room in the Thermae. Sudatorium
247 The dressing room of the Thermae. Apodyteria
248 The room for oils and unguents in the thermae. Unctuaria
249 Orientation of the Roman temple is towards the ___. Forum
250 Orientation of the Greek temple is towards the ___. East
251 Orientation of the Etruscan temple is towards the ___. South
252 Orientation of the Medieval Church. West
253 The space for the clergy and choir is separated by a low screen wall from the body of the
Cancelli
church called ___.
254 On either side of the choir, pulpits for the reading of the epistle and the gospel are
Ambo
called.
255 In some churches, there is a part which is raised as part of the sanctuary which later
Bema
developed into the transept, this is the ___.
256 In early Christian churches, the bishop took the central place at the end of the church
Apse
called ___.
257 The iconoclastic movement during the Byzantine period forbade the use of ___. Statues
258 Type of plan of the Byzantine churches. Centralized
259 Architects of the Hagia Sophia. (St. Sophia, Constantinople) Anthemius and Isidorus
260 The supreme monument of Byzantine architecture. St. Sophia, Constantinople
261 Smallest cathedral in the world. (Byzantine period) Little Metropole Cath., Athens

262 One of the few churches of its type to have survived having a square nave and without
Nea Moni
cross-arms, roofed by a dome which spans to the outer walls of the building.
263 A tower raised above a roof pierced to admit light. Lantern
the covered passage around an open space or garth, connecting the church to the chapter
Cloisters
house, refectory and other parts of the monastery.
264 The prominent feature of the facades in Romanesque Central Italy. Ornamental Arcades
265 The best example of a German Romanesque church with apses at both east and west
Worms Cathedral
ends.

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266 The term applied to the Episcopal church of the diocese and also the important structure
Cathedral
of the Gothic period.
267 The first plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by Bramante. Greek Cross
268 The final plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by Carlo Maderna. Latin Cross
269 He erected the entrance Piazza at St. Peter's Basilica. Bernini
270 Used as food storage in the Bahay na Bato. Dispensa
271 The granary in traditional Bontoc House. Falig
272 Architect of the World Trade Center. Minoru Yamasaki
273 The Erechtheion of Mnesicles is from what architecture? Greek
274 The part of the Corinthian capital without flower. Balteus
275 The Pantheon is from what architecture. Roman
276 The architect of the Pantheon. Agrippa
277 The senate house of the Greeks. Prytaneion
278 Architect of the Bi-Nuclear House, the H-Plan. Marcel Lajos Breuer
279 Mexican Architect/Engineer who introduced thin shell construction. Felix Outerino Candela
280 In the Doric Order, the shaft terminates in the ___. Hypotrachelion
281 In what Order is the Parthenon. Doric
282 In what Order is the temple of Nike Apteros, Athens. Ionic
283 This temple is dedicated to 'Wingless Victory'. Temple of Nike Apteros, Athens
284 This structure in Greece was erected by Andronikos Cyrrhestes for measuring time by
Tower of the Winds, Athens
means of a clepsydra internally and sun dial externally.
285 In the Cyma Reversa molding of the Romans, what ornaments are usually found? Acanthus and Dolphin
286 From what architecture is the Stoa? Greek
287 The Egyptian Ornament symbolizing fertility. Papyrus
288 Egyptian Temple for popular worship of the ancient and mysterious gods. Cult Temple
289 A small private bath found in Roman houses or palaces. Balneum
290 Corresponds to the Greek naos. Cella
291 The large element in the frieze. Triglyph
292 "A is a machine to live in". Le Corbusier
293 Architect of the Chicago Tribune Tower. Eliel Saarinen
294 "Architecture is Organic". Frank Lloyd Wright
295 Invented reinforced concrete in France. Hennevique
296 First elected U.A.P. president. Jose Herrera
297 Designer of the Bonifacio Monument. Juan Nakpil
298 Sculptor for the Bonifacio Monument. Guillermo Tolentino
299 Designer of the Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan
300 Male counterpart of the Caryatids. Telamones or Atlantes
301 Like Caryatids and Atlantes, this is a three-quarter length figures. Herms
302 This is a pedestal with human, animal, or mythological creatures at the top. Terms
303 A small payer house in Egyptian architecture. Madrassah
304 Where "Constructivism" originated? Moscow
305 Expressionist Architect. Erich Mendelsohn
306 Founders of the "Art Noveau". John Ruskin and William Moris
307 Combination of the new art and the graphing of the old art. Eclecticism
308 Return in the use of Roman Orders in modern age. Neo-Classism
309 Scheme or solution of a problem in architecture. Parti
310 Architect of the Batasang Pambansa. Felipe Mendoza
311 Architect of the Philippine Heart Center. George Ramos
312 Architect of the Rizal Memorial Stadium. Juan Nakpil
313 The architect of the Quiapo Church before its restoration. Juan Nakpil
314 Built by the Franciscan priest Fr. Blas dela Madre, this church in Rizal whose design
Morong Church
depicts the heavy influence of Spanish Baroque, was declared a national treasure.
315 This church, 1st built by the Augustinian Fr. Miguel Murguia, has an unusually large bell
Panay Capiz
which was made from approximately 70 sacks of coins donated by the towns people.
316 Architect of SM Megamall. Antonio Sin Diong
317 Central Bank of the Philippines, Manila. Gabriel Formoso
318 G.S.I.S. Building, Roxas Boulevard. George Ramos
319 The tower atop the torogan where the princess and her ladies in waiting hide during
Lamin
occasions.
320 Found in the ground floor of the bahay na bato, it is where the carriages and floats are
Zaguan
kept.
321 The emergency hideout found directly behind the neadboard of the Sultan's bed. Bilik
322 The flat, open terrace open to the toilet, bath, and kitchen areas and also used as a
Azotea
laundry and drying space and service area for the servants.
323 In the kitchen of the bahay kubo, the table on top of which is the river stone, shoe-shaped
Dapogan
stove or kalan is known as ___.

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