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GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

United Arab Emirates


Emirate of Abu-Dhabi

PROJECT : SALAM STREET

CLIENT : SAMSUNG-SAIF BIN DARWISH JV

SUBJECT : 15M ARM TRAFFIC SIGNAL


POLE

OPTIONAL
(POLYGONAL 16 SIDED SECTION ARM)

STRUCTURAL CALCULATIONS

Galva Coat
ISSUING DATE: 7thof July 2011
REVISION DATE: 10thof July 2011
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

INDEX
Section 1 - STRUCTURE DESCRIPTION
Section 2 - ACTING LOADS
- 2.1- DEAD LOAD
- 2.2- WIND LOAD
- 2.3- PRE-STRESS LOAD(PRE-TENSION)
- 2.4-LOADING COMBINATION
Section 3 - LOADING ANALYSIS
- 3.1- LOAD CASE II: DL (DEAD LOAD)+W (WIND LOAD)
Section 4 - STRESS ANALYSIS and CODE CHECK
- 4.1- LOAD CASE II: DL (DEAD LOAD)+W (WIND LOAD)
Section 5 - FATIGUE
- 5.1- GALLOPING
- 5.2- VORTEX SHEDDING
- 5.3- NATURAL WIND GUST
- 5.4- TRUCK INDUCED GUST
- 5.5- SUMMARY OF THE LOADS DUE TO ALL FATIGUE CASES
- 5.6- FATIGUE LOADS
- 5.7- STRESS ANALYSIS and CODE CHECK
Section 6 – DOOR OPENING DESIGN
Section 7 – CLAMP DESIGN
- 7.1- ACTING LOADS
- 7.2- CONNECTING BOLT DESIGN
- 7.3- WELDED RING PLATE CHECK
- 7.4- FLANGE TO BENT PLATE IN CLAMP
- 7.5- CLAMP PLATE THICKNESS CHECK
- 7.6- BACK BOLTS DESIGN
Section 8 - DEFLECTION CHECK (SERVICEABILITY)
- 8.1-SHAFT
- 8.2-ARM
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

Section 9 – BASE PLATE DESIGN


Section 10 – WELD BETWEEN THE ARM AND CLAMP,
WELD BETWEEN SHAFT AND BASE PLATE
Section 11 – COMPUTER RUN OUTPUT
Section 12 – DRAWINGS/SKETCHES
Section 13 – CODE RELEVANT PAGES/DRAG COEFFICIENT
CALCULATIONS
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

INTRODUCTION

This study has been made to check the structural integrity of the optional
proposed 15m traffic signal pole with 16 sided section for the arm and circular
section for the shaft (drawing attached) following AASHTO Design Standard.
The cantilever and the shaft shall be checked and designed to resist fatigue
according to the above said standard.
For loading analysis computer program is used (report attached).

This study includes the design of arm, shaft, clamp and base plate.

Note: Copy of relevant pages for the above said standard attached.
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

1-STRUCTURE DESCRIPTION

ARM
SHAFT
POLYGONAL REMARKS
(ROUND)
(16 SIDED)
DIMENSIONS
shaft is pipe with
TOP DIA (mm) 457.2 200
constant cross section
BOTTOM DIA(MM) 457.2 370
LENGTH (M) 10 15
NOS. OF PIECES one one
THICKNESS(mm) 19 8
MATERIAL
MATERIAL
ST 52-3 TO DIN 17100 ST 52-3 TO DIN 17100
STANDARD
YIELD (MPa) 355 355
DESIGN STANDARD
for deflection reference
DESIGN CRITERIA AASHTO* AASHTO is made to BS EN
40section 6.5 table 3
ACCESSORIES AND EQUIPMENT
SIGNAL HEADS
- 5NOS.
(0.25KN)
TRAFFIC SIGN
2NOS. -
(0.1 KN)
REPEATER SIGNAL
2NOS. -
(0.1KN)
PEDESTRIAN
2NOS. -
SIGNAL
STREET NAME SIGN
- 1NOS.
(0.1 KN)
CLADDING(1KN/M) 1NOS -

*AASHTO standard specification for structural supports for highway signs, luminaries and traffic signals (fifth
edition-2009).

BASE PLATE: square base plate 750x750mm, 60mm thick made from steel ST 44-2 to DIN
17100 with yield strength of 265MPa.

WIRE ROPE: 316 stainless steel with breaking load of 212 KN.
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

2-ACTING LOADS

2.1- DEAD LOAD:


Below is table which shows the dead loads due to shaft, arm and equipment.

Shaft weight
Arm weight
Signal heads on arm : 0.25KN (5 NOS. used on arm).
Street name sign on arm : 0.10KN (1 NOS. used on arm).
Repeater signal heads on shaft : 0.25KN (2 NOS. used on shaft).
Pedestrian signal head on shaft : 0.02KN (2 NOS. used on shaft).
Traffic sign on shaft : 0.10KN (2NOS. used on shaft).

2.2- WIND LOAD:

- Wind Pressure formula AASHTO 3.8.1

Pz = 0.613 KzGV2IrCd (Pa)

Kz: Height and Exposure Factor. - table (3-5)


G: Gust effect factor=1.14. - 3.8.5
V: Basic wind speed =44.44 m/s. - 3.8.5
Ir: Importance factor=1.0. - table (3-2)
Cv: Velocity conversion factor =1.0. - table 3-4
Cd: Drag Coefficient - table 3-6
- Wind Forces Fw (N)

Item Description Height Kz G V Ir Cd Pz A (m2) Fw (N)


(m) (m/s) (Pa)
Shaft 10 1.00 1.14 44.44 1.0 0.45 0621 4.58 2844
Arm 07 0.94 1.14 44.44 1.0 0.81 1050 4.3 4519
Signal head 7.85 1.00 1.14 44.44 1.0 1.20 1558 0.52 0810
Street name 7.9 1.00 1.14 44.44 1.0 1.20 1656 0.45 0745
Repeater signal 4.8 0.87 1.14 44.44 1.0 1.19 1430 0.52 0744
Pedestrian signal 4.8 0.87 1.14 44.44 1.0 1.13 1357 0.08 0109
Traffic sign 3.7 0.87 1.14 44.44 1.0 1.12 1345 0.35 0471
*SEPARATE SHEET ATTACHED TO SHOW THE CALCULATIONS FOR THE DRAG COEFFICIENT OF THE ARM
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

2.3- PRESTRESS LOAD:

Three ropes are attached between the arm and the pole, two of them are affecting
with a force of 2KN each.

Two ropes - 2x2KN.

2.4-LOADING COMBINATION:

Case I : DL (dead load) - table 3-1 AASHTO


Case II: DL + W (wind) AS PER AASHTO IT IS ALLOWED TO INCREAS THE
ALLOWABLE STRESS BY 133%

3-LOADING ANALYSIS.

ALL THE PRINCIPLE LOADS LISTED BELOW HAS BEEN TAKEN FROM THE COMPUTER RUN
OUT-PUT (COMPUTER RUN REPORT ATTACHED).

PRESTRESS LOAD (PRE-TENSION) IS CONSIDERED WITH ALL LOAD CASES AS THE ROPES ARE
PERMANENT MEMBERS OF STRUCTURE.
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

3.1- LOAD CASE II:DL (DEAD LOAD)+W (WIND LOAD).


(PRETENSION INCLUDED)

Loads on arm & shaft (LOAD CASE NO. 8 in computer report):

AXIAL SHEAR (KN) MOMENT(KN.M) TORSION


(KN) Fy Fz F My Mz M (KN.M)
Arm (MEMBER NO.3) 22.5 6 9.3 11 75 32.5 81.7 0
Shaft (MEMBER NO.1) 30.3 0 13.7 13.7 88.6 70.8 116.7 74.5
NOTE: THOSE LOADS ARE HIGHLIGHTED IN THE COMPUTER RUN REPORT PAGE NO. (10).

4 -STRESS ANALYSIS and CODE CHECK USING


SIMPLIFIED METHOD.

Section Properties.

A t I Z R r/rave E λ λp Cc L KL/rave
Arm 92.2 8 15276 844 18.1 12.9/11 200000 8.5 27 108 9 171
Shaft 261 19 62664 2861 21.9 15.50 200000 24.1 75 108 10 135.0

A: section area (Cm2). =6.37Rt (16 SIDED) - AASHTO table B-1


=6.28Rt (ROUND SECTION)
t: thickness (mm)
I: moment of inertia (Cm4).= 3.22R3t (16 SIDED) - AASHTO table B-1
= 3.14R3t (ROUND SECTION)
Z: section modulus (Cm3).=3.22R2t (16 SIDED) - AASHTO table B-1
2
= 3.14R t (ROUND SECTION)
R: radius to mid of thickness (Cm) - AASHTO table B-1
r: radius of gyration (Cm).=0.711R (16 SIDED) - AASHTO table B-1
=0.707R(ROUND SECTION)
rave: average radius of gyration taken at distance of 0.5L (unbraced length)
E: modulus of elasticity (MPa).
λ: width –thickness ratio .=D/t - AASHTO table 5-1
=b/t
Where(b) is the effective width = tan (180/n) x(D-2xt-min (2xrb,8xt))
n: Nos. of sides
D : Across Flat .
rb: inside bend radius = 6mm as per folding machine

for arm b = tan (180/16) x(370-2x8-2x6)= 68mm


GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

λp: compact limit.=0.13(E/Fy)=75(ROUND) - AASHTO table 5-1


=1.12ξ(E/Fy)=27(16 SIDED)
L: unbraced length.
ଵଶగଶா ଵଶగଶ଴଴଴଴଴
Cc: ට ி௬
=ට
ଷସହ
=108 - AASHTO 5.10
K: effective length factor. =2.1 - AASHTO C5-10

4.1- LOAD CASE II: DL (DEAD LOAD)+W (WIND LOAD).


(LOAD CASE NO. 8 in computer report)

fa fb fv Fa Fb Fv Unity Result
Arm 2.4 97 2.4 35.2 227.7 113.9 0.38 ≤1 ok
Shaft 1.2 40.8 14 56.5 227.7 113.9 0.15 ≤1 ok

- fa: actual axial stress (Mpa). Axial force/A

஺௑ூ஺௅ிைோ஼ா ଶଶǤହ௑ଵ଴଴଴
Arm (member No. 3): = = 2.4 MPa
஺ ଽଶǤଶ௑ଵ଴଴

஺௑ூ஺௅ிைோ஼ா ଷ଴Ǥଷ௑ଵ଴଴଴
Shaft (member No. 1): = = 1.2 MPa
஺ ଶ଺ଵ௑ଵ଴଴

- fb: actual bending stress (Mpa). Bending moment /Z

஻ாே஽ூேீெைொே் ଼ଵǤ଻௑ଵ଴଴଴௑ଵ଴଴଴
Arm (member No. 3): = = 97 MPa
௓ ଼ସସ௑ଵ଴଴଴

஻ாே஽ூேீெைொே் ଵଵ଺Ǥ଻௑ଵ଴଴଴௑ଵ଴଴଴
Shaft (member No. 1): = = 40.8MPa
௓ ଶ଼଺ଵ௑ଵ଴଴଴

- fv: actual shear stress (Mpa).

(2.02x Shear force/area)+ (torsion/6.37R2t) (16 SIDED)


(2 x Shear force/area)+ (torsion/6.28R2t) (ROUND SIDED)

ଶǤ଴ଶ௑ௌுா஺ோ ்ைோௌூைே
Arm (member No. 3): ൅ =
஺ ଺Ǥଷ଻ோଶ௧

ଶǤ଴ଶ௑ଵଵ௑ଵ଴଴଴ ଴௑ଵ଴଴଴௑ଵ଴଴଴
= ൅ =2.4MPa
ଽଶǤଶ௑ଵ଴଴ ଺Ǥଷ଻ሺଵ଼Ǥଵሻଶ௑ଵ଴଴ሺ଼ሻ
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

ଶ௑ௌுா஺ோ ்ைோௌூைே
Shaft (member No. 1): ൅ =
஺ ଺Ǥଶ଼ோଶ௧

ଶ௑ଵଷǤ଻௑ଵ଴଴଴ ଻ସǤହ௑ଵ଴଴଴௑ଵ଴଴଴
= ൅ =14 MPa
ଶ଺ଵ௑ଵ଴଴ ଺Ǥଶ଼ሺଶଵǤଽሻଶ௑ଵ଴଴ሺଵଽሻ

- Fa: allowable axial stress (Mpa). AASHTO 5.10 ,C 5.10

Arm (member No. 3): since KL/r > Cc then

ଵଶగమ ா ଵଶగమ ଶ଴଴଴଴଴


Fa = ಼ಽ = = 35.2MPa
ଶଷሺ ሻ మ ଶଷሺଵ଻ଵሻమ

Shaft (member No. 1): since KL/r > Cc then

ଵଶగమ ா ଵଶగమ ଶ଴଴଴଴଴


Fa = ಼ಽ మ = = 56.5Mpa
ଶଷሺ ሻ ଶଷሺଵଷହሻమ

- Fv: allowable shear Stress (Mpa). AASHTO 5.11

ʹ ʹ
‫͵ ܧ‬
1.16ሺ‫ݕܨ‬ሻ =1.16ሺʹͲͲͲͲͲ
͵Ͷͷ
ሻ͵ =80.6 (round section)
ͳ ͳ
‫ʹ ܧ‬
2.23ሺ‫ݕܨ‬ሻ =2.23ሺʹͲͲͲͲͲ
͵Ͷͷ
ሻʹ =53.7 (16 sided section)
ͳ
‫ʹ ܧ‬
Arm (member No. 3): since λ = b/t= (8.5) =<2.23ሺ‫ݕܨ‬ሻ =(53.7)

Then Fv=0.33Fy= 0.33x345 =113.85 MPa

ʹ
‫͵ ܧ‬
Shaft (member No. 1): since λ = D/t= (24.1) =< 1.16ሺ ሻ =(80.6)
‫ݕܨ‬

Then Fv=0.33Fy= 0.33x345 =113.85 MPa

- Fb: allowable bending stress (Mpa). AASHTO 5.6

Arm (member No. 3): since λ=8.5 < λp=27 then the section is compact

Then Fb= 0.66Fy = 0.66x345 = 227.7 MPa


GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

Shaft (member No. 1): since λ=24.1 < λp=75 then the section is compact

Then Fb= 0.66Fy = 0.66x345 = 227.7 MP

୤ୟ ୤ୠ ୤୴
- Unity : ൅ ൅ሺ ሻଶ ൑ ͳ AASHTO 5-16.
୊ୟ୶ଵǤଷଷ େ୅୊ୠ୶ଵǤଷଷ ୊୴୶ଵǤଷଷ

Note: allowable stress increased with 1.33 as per AASHTO table 3-1.

ଶగଶா
Limitation of using CA amplification factor is ට ி௬
= 107 =< KL/r

ଶగଶா
Arm (member No. 3): KL/r =171 >ට = 107 then there is need to use the CA
ி௬
య ಺ಳ య భఱమళల
 ට ௉்ା଴Ǥଷ଼஽௣  ට
భఱమళల
ଶଶହ଴଴ା଴Ǥଷ଼௫଴
಺೅
CA = 1-቎ మǤరలಶ಺ಳ ቏= 1-቎ మǤరలೣమబబబబబೣభఱమళలೣభబబబబ ቏ = 0.98 Eq 4-1
ಽమ వబబబమ

Dp: the weight of the member (N).


PT: the axial load (N).
IB: moment of inertia of the member at the bottom (mm4).
IT: moment of inertia of the member at the bottom (mm4).
L: length of unbraced member(mm).

We ignored the weight of the pole because it is acting horizontally not


Vertically along the axis of the pole.

Then :

୤ୟ ୤ୠ ୤୴ ଶǤସ ଽ଻ ଶǤସ
൅ ൅ሺ ሻଶ ൌ  ൅ ൅ሺ ሻଶ ൌ
୊ୟ୶ଵǤଷଷ େ୅୊ୠ୶ଵǤଷଷ ୊୴୶ଵǤଷଷ ଷହǤଶ୶ଵǤଷଷ ଴Ǥଽ଼୶ଶଶ଻Ǥ଻୶ଵǤଷଷ ଵଵଷǤଽ୶ଵǤଷଷ
ͲǤ͵ͺ ൏ ͳ

ଶగଶா
Shaft (member No. 1): KL/r =135 >ට = 107 then there is need to use the CA
ி௬

య ಺ಳ య ఱయఱవఱ
 ට ௉்ା଴Ǥଷ଼஽௣  ට
ఱయఱవఱ
ଷ଴ଷ଴଴ା଴Ǥଷ଼௫ଵ଻ଵ଴଴
಺೅
CA = 1-቎ మǤరలಶ಺ಳ ቏= 1-቎ మǤరలೣమబబబబబೣలమలలరೣభబబబబ ቏ = 0.98 Eq 4-1
ಽమ భబబబబమ

Then:
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

୤ୟ ୤ୠ ୤୴ ଵǤଶ ସ଴Ǥ଼ ଵସ
 ൅ ൅ሺ ሻଶ ൌ  ൅ ൅ሺ ሻଶ ൌ
୊ୟ୶ଵǤଷଷ େ୅୊ୠ୶ଵǤଷଷ ୊୴୶ଵǤଷଷ ହ଺Ǥହ୶ଵǤଷଷ ଴Ǥଽ଼୶ଶଶ଻Ǥ଻୶ଵǤଷଷ ଵଵଷǤଽ୶ଵǤଷଷ
ͲǤͳͷ ൏ ͳ

5-FATIGUE.

5.1- GALLOPING:

Equivalent static pressure formula: applied only on the attachments (signal heads)

PG = 1000 IF Pa AASHTO EQ- 11-1

Where IF is the importance factor = 1 → PG = 1000 x 1= 1000 Pa.

5.2- VORTEX SHEDDING:

N/A for structure AASHTO table 11-1

5.3- NATURAL WIND GUST:


Equivalent static pressure formula:

PNW = 250 CdIFPa AASHTO EQ- 11-5

Where IF is the importance factor = 1 → PNW = 250 x Cd x1= 250 Cd Pa .

Cd: Drag Coefficient.

5.4- TRUCK INDUCED GUST :


Equivalent static pressure formula:
Applied on first 3 signal and 3.7m from arm starting from the tip and inward (11.7.4)

PTG = 900 CdIFPa AASHTO EQ- 11-6

Where IFis the importance factor = 1 → PTG = 900 x Cd x1= 900 Cd Pa .

Cd: Drag Coefficient.


GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

5.5- SUMMARY OF THE LOADS DUE TO ALL FATIGUE CASES.

ITEM A (M2) Cd P (Pa) F (KN)


POLE GALLOPING - 0.45 0 0
WIND GUST 4.58 112.5 0.52
TRUCK GUST - 0 0
ARM GALLOPING - 1.1 0 0
WIND GUST 4.3 275 1.2
TRUCK GUST 0.8 1.1 990 0.8
SIGNAL GALLOPING 0.52 1.20 1200 0.7
HEAD WIND GUST 0.52 300 0.16
TRUCK GUST 0.16 1080 0.17
REPEATER GALLOPING - 1.19 0 0
SIGNAL WIND GUST 0.52 297.5 0.15
TRUCK GUST - 0 0
PEDESTRIAN GALLOPING - 1.13 0 0
SIGNAL WIND GUST 0.075 282.5 0.02
TRUCK GUST - 0 0
TRAFFIC GALLOPING - 1.12 0 0
SIGN WIND GUST 0.35 280 0.1
TRUCK GUST - 0 0
STREET SIGN GALLOPING - 1.20 0 0
WIND GUST 0.45 300 0.14
TRUCK GUST - 0 0
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

5.6- FATIGUE LOADS.

NOTE: THOSE LOADS ARE HIGHLIGHTED IN THE COMPUTER RUN REPORT PAGE NO.10,

AXIAL BENDING MONMENT SHEAR TORSION


(KN) (KN.M) (KN) (N.M)
DL+GALLOPING 37.2 45.4 7.2 0.0
DL+WIND 22.5 My=16.2,Mz=32.5,M=36.3 6.4 0.0
member

GUST
ARM

No.3

DL+TRUCK
29.5 37.5 6.2 0.0
GUST
DL+GALLOPING 34 109 0.0 0.0
DL+WIND 30 My=20.3,Mz=71,M=74 3.16 16.2
member

GUST
SHAFT

No.1

DL+TRUCK
32 88 0.0 0.0
GUST

5.7- STRESS ANALYSIS and CODE CHECK.

A t I Z R
Arm 92.2 8 15276 844 18.1
Shaft 261 19 62664 2861 21.9

A: section area (Cm2). =6.28Rt,6.37Rt - AASHTO table B-1


t: thickness (mm)
I: moment of inertia (Cm4).= 3.14R3t , 3.22R3t- AASHTO table B-1
Z: section modulus (Cm3).=3.14R2t, 3.22R2t - AASHTO table B-1
R: radius to mid of thickness (Cm) - AASHTO table B-1

GALLOPING:
ARM :
ୟ୶୧ୟ୪୪୭ୟୢ ଷ଻Ǥଶ୶ଵ଴଴଴
fa= actual axial stress = = = 4.0 MPa .
௔௥௘௔ ଽଶǤଶ௫ଵ଴଴

ୠୣ୬ୢ୧୬୥୫୭୫ୣ୬୲ ସହǤସ୶ଵ଴଴଴୶ଵ଴଴଴
fb= actual bending stress = = = 53.8 MPa .
௦௘௖௧௜௢௡௠௢ௗ௨௟௨௦ ଼ସସ௫ଵ଴଴଴

ଶǤ଴ଶ୶ୱ୦ୣୟ୰ ୲୭୰ୱ୧୭୬
fv= actual shear stress = + =
௔௥௘௔ ଺Ǥଷ଻ோଶ௧

ଶǤ଴ଶ୶଻Ǥଶ୶ଵ଴଴଴ ଴୶ଵ଴଴଴୶ଵ଴଴଴
= + = 1.6MPa.
ଽଶǤଶ௫ଵ଴଴ ଺Ǥଷ଻௫ଵ଼Ǥଵ௫ଵ଼Ǥଵ௫଴Ǥ଼௫ଵ଴଴௫ଵ଴
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

CS (combined stress )= fa+ fb + fv =4+ 53.8 + 1.6 = 59.4MPa < 83 CAFL category B’→OK

SHAFT:
ୟ୶୧ୟ୪୪୭ୟୢ ଷସ୶ଵ଴଴଴
fa= actual axial stress = = = 1.3 MPa .
௔௥௘௔ ଶ଺ଵ௫ଵ଴଴

ୠୣ୬ୢ୧୬୥୫୭୫ୣ୬୲ ଵ଴ଽ୶ଵ଴଴଴୶ଵ଴଴଴
fb= actual bending stress = = = 38.1 MPa .
௦௘௖௧௜௢௡௠௢ௗ௨௟௨௦ ଶ଼଺ଵ௫ଵ଴଴଴

ଶ୶ୱ୦ୣୟ୰ ୲୭୰ୱ୧୭୬
fv= actual shear stress = + =
௔௥௘௔ ଺Ǥଶ଼ோଶ௧

ଶ୶଴୶ଵ଴଴଴ ଴୶ଵ଴଴଴୶ଵ଴଴଴
= + = 0.00MPa.
ଶ଺ଵ௫ଵ଴଴ ଺Ǥଶ଼௫ଶଵǤଽ௫ଶଵǤଽ௫ଵǤଽ௫ଵ଴଴௫ଵ଴

CS (combined stress )= fa+ fb + fv =1.3+ 38.1 + 0= 39.4MPa < 83 CAFL category B’→OK

WIND GUST:
ARM :
ୟ୶୧ୟ୪୪୭ୟୢ ଶଶǤହ୶ଵ଴଴଴
fa= actual axial stress = = = 2.4 MPa .
௔௥௘௔ ଽଶǤଶ௫ଵ଴଴

ୠୣ୬ୢ୧୬୥୫୭୫ୣ୬୲ ଷ଺Ǥଷ୶ଵ଴଴଴୶ଵ଴଴଴
fb= actual bending stress = = = 43 MPa .
௦௘௖௧௜௢௡௠௢ௗ௨௟௨௦ ଼ସସ௫ଵ଴଴଴

ଶǤ଴ଶ୶ୱ୦ୣୟ୰ ୲୭୰ୱ୧୭୬
fv= actual shear stress = + =
௔௥௘௔ ଺Ǥଷ଻ோଶ௧

ଶǤ଴ଶ୶଺Ǥସ୶ଵ଴଴଴ ଴୶ଵ଴଴଴୶ଵ଴଴଴
= + = 1.4MPa.
ଽଶǤଶ௫ଵ଴଴ ଺Ǥଷ଻௫ଵ଼Ǥଵ௫ଵ଼Ǥଵ௫଴Ǥ଼௫ଵ଴଴௫ଵ଴

CS (combined stress )= fa+ fb + fv =2.4+ 43 + 1.4= 46.8MPa < 83 CAFL category B’→OK

SHAFT:
ୟ୶୧ୟ୪୪୭ୟୢ ଷ଴୶ଵ଴଴଴
fa= actual axial stress = = = 1.1 MPa .
௔௥௘௔ ଶ଺଼௫ଵ଴଴

ୠୣ୬ୢ୧୬୥୫୭୫ୣ୬୲ ଻ସ୶ଵ଴଴଴୶ଵ଴଴଴
fb= actual bending stress = = = 25.9MPa .
௦௘௖௧௜௢௡௠௢ௗ௨௟௨௦ ଶ଼଺ଵ௫ଵ଴଴଴

ଶ୶ୱ୦ୣୟ୰ ୲୭୰ୱ୧୭୬
fv= actual shear stress = + =
௔௥௘௔ ଺Ǥଶ଼ோଶ௧
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

ଶ୶ଷǤଵ଺୶ଵ଴଴଴ ଵ଺Ǥଶ୶ଵ଴଴଴୶ଵ଴଴଴
= + = 3.07MPa.
ଶ଺ଵ௫ଵ଴଴ ଺Ǥଶ଼௫ଶଵǤଽ௫ଶଵǤଽ௫ଵǤଽ௫ଵ଴଴௫ଵ଴

CS (combined stress )= fa+ fb + fv =1.1+25.9 + 3.07= 30.1MPa < 83 CAFL category B’→OK
TRUCK INDUCED GUST:
ARM :
ୟ୶୧ୟ୪୪୭ୟୢ ଶଽǤହ୶ଵ଴଴଴
fa= actual axial stress = = = 3.2 MPa .
௔௥௘௔ ଽଶǤଶ௫ଵ଴଴

ୠୣ୬ୢ୧୬୥୫୭୫ୣ୬୲ ଷ଻Ǥହ୶ଵ଴଴଴୶ଵ଴଴଴
fb= actual bending stress = = = 44.4 MPa .
௦௘௖௧௜௢௡௠௢ௗ௨௟௨௦ ଼ସସ௫ଵ଴଴଴

ଶǤ଴ଶ୶ୱ୦ୣୟ୰ ୲୭୰ୱ୧୭୬
fv= actual shear stress = + =
௔௥௘௔ ଺Ǥଷ଻ோଶ௧

ଶǤ଴ଶ୶଺Ǥଶ୶ଵ଴଴଴ ଴୶ଵ଴଴଴୶ଵ଴଴଴
= + = 1.4MPa.
ଽଶǤଶ௫ଵ଴଴ ଺Ǥଷ଻௫ଵ଼Ǥଵ௫ଵ଼Ǥଵ௫଴Ǥ଼௫ଵ଴଴௫ଵ଴

CS (combined stress )= fa+ fb + fv =3.2+ 44.4+ 1.4= 49MPa < 83 CAFL category B’→OK

SHAFT:
ୟ୶୧ୟ୪୪୭ୟୢ ଷଶ୶ଵ଴଴଴
fa= actual axial stress = = = 1.2 MPa .
௔௥௘௔ ଶ଺ଵ௫ଵ଴଴

ୠୣ୬ୢ୧୬୥୫୭୫ୣ୬୲ ଼଼୶ଵ଴଴଴୶ଵ଴଴଴
fb= actual bending stress = = = 32.8MPa .
௦௘௖௧௜௢௡௠௢ௗ௨௟௨௦ ଶ଺଼ଵ௫ଵ଴଴଴

ଶ୶ୱ୦ୣୟ୰ ୲୭୰ୱ୧୭୬
fv= actual shear stress = + =
௔௥௘௔ ଺Ǥଶ଼ோଶ௧

ଶ୶଴୶ଵ଴଴଴ ଴୶ଵ଴଴଴୶ଵ଴଴଴
= + = 0MPa.
ଶ଺ଵ௫ଵ଴଴ ଺Ǥଶ଼௫ଶଵǤଽ௫ଶଵǤଽ௫ଵǤଽ௫ଵ଴଴௫ଵ଴

CS (combined stress )= fa+ fb + fv =1.2+ 32.8 + 0= 34 MPa < 83 CAFL category B’→OK

SUMMARY OF THE STRESSES

fa fb fv CS CAFL RESULT
DL+GALLOPING 4.0 53.8 1.6 59.4 83 < CAFL ՜ OK
ARM

DL+WIND GUST 2.4 43.0 1.4 46.8 83 < CAFL ՜ OK


DL+TRUCK GUST 3.2 44.4 1.4 49.0 83 < CAFL ՜ OK
DL+GALLOPING 1.3 38.1 0.0 39.4 83 < CAFL ՜OK
SHAFT

DL+WIND GUST 1.1 25.9 3.07 30.1 83 < CAFL ՜ OK


DL+TRUCK GUST 1.2 32.8 0.0 34.0 83 < CAFL ՜ OK
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

NOTE: WIRE ROPE CHECK

AXIAL FORCE IS 21 KN (PAGE NO. 13) AND THE BREAKING LOAD IS 212 KN, THEN THE SAFETY
FACTOR FOR THE WIRE IS 212/21 = 10.1.
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

6- DOOR OPENING DESIGN.

Section properties

Geometric properties of the cross-section


Parameter Value
A Cross sectional area 228,74 cm^2
Av,y Conventional shearing area along Y-axis 121,45 cm^2
Av,z Conventional shearing area along Z-axis 45,29 cm^2
D Angle between Y-Z and U-V axes -90 deg
Iy Moment of inertia about axis parallel to Y 45730,71 cm^4
passing through centroid
Iz Moment of inertia about axis parallel to Z 60667,55 cm^4
passing through centroid
It Torsional moment of inertia (St. Venant) 241,73 cm^4
Iw Warping constant 26780615,68 cm^6
iy Radius of gyration about axis parallel to Y 14,14 cm
passing through centroid
iz Radius of gyration about axis parallel to Z 16,29 cm
passing through centroid
W u+ Max elastic modulus about U-axis 2659,34 cm^3
W u- Min elastic modulus about U-axis 2659,34 cm^3
W v+ Max elastic modulus about V-axis 1948,07 cm^3
W v- Min elastic modulus about V-axis 2268,77 cm^3
W pl,u Plastic modulus about U-axis 3469,42 cm^3
W pl,v Plastic modulus about V-axis 2894,35 cm^3
Iu Moment of inertia about U-axis 60667,55 cm^4
Iv Moment of inertia about V-axis 45730,71 cm^4
iu Radius of gyration about U-axis 16,29 cm
iv Radius of gyration about V-axis 14,14 cm
au+ Centroid to edge of compression zone along +ve 8,52 cm
U-axis
au- Centroid to edge of compression zone along -ve 9,92 cm
U-axis
av+ Centroid to edge of compression zone along +ve 11,63 cm
V-axis
av- Centroid to edge of compression zone along -ve 11,63 cm
V-axis
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

yM Distance to centroid along Y-axis 0 cm


zM Distance to centroid along Z-axis 2,69 cm
Sw Sectorial static moment 0 cm^4
Yb Distance to shear centre along Y-axis -1 cm
Zb Distance to shear centre along Z-axis 41,52 cm
P Perimeter 248,72 cm
Pi Internal perimeter 0 cm
Pe External perimeter 248,72 cm
I1 Moment of inertia about Y-axis 47390,01 cm^4
I2 Moment of inertia about Z-axis 60667,55 cm^4
I12 Product of inertia about the centroid 0 cm^4
Ip Polar moment of inertia about centroid 106398,26 cm^4
ip Polar radius of gyration about centroid 21,57 cm
Wp Polar elastic modulus about centroid 1,66 cm

SECTION DESIGN load No. 8

MEMBER NO. 1 PAGES NO. 10

Loads

Axial = 30.3KN
Shear= Fy= 0.0KN , Fz= 13.7 KN
Bending= My= 88.6 KN.M , Mz= 70.8 KN.M
Torsion = 74.5KN.M

- Axial stress = axial load / area = 30.3 x 1000 / 228x100 = 1.3 N/mm2
- Allowable axial stress :

D/t= 457/19=24 < 0.13(E/Fy)=75

ଵଶగଶா ଵଶగଶ଴଴଴଴଴
Cc: ට ி௬
=ට
ଷସହ
=108 - AASHTO 5.10

kL/r= 2.1x10x100/14.14= 148

since KL/r > Cc then

ଵଶగమ ா ଵଶగమ ଶ଴଴଴଴଴


Fa = ಼ಽ = = 47MPa
ଶଷሺ ሻ మ ଶଷሺଵସ଼ሻమ

ெ௬ ଶ ெ௭ ଶ
଼଼Ǥ଺௫ଵ଴଴଴ ଻଴Ǥ଼௫ଵ଴଴଴ ଶ ଶ
- Bending stress = ටቀ ቁ ൅ ቀௐ௩ቁ = ටቀ ଶ଺ହଽ ቁ ൅ ቀ ଵଽସ଼ ቁ
ௐ௨

= 49 MPa
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

- Allowable bending stress :

since λ=24 < λp=75 then the section is compact

Then Fb= 0.66Fy = 0.66x345 = 227.7 MPa

ଶ௑ௌுா஺ோ ்ைோௌூைே
- Shear stress = ൅ =
஺ ଺Ǥଶ଼ோଶ௧

ଶ௑ଵଷǤ଻௑ଵ଴଴଴ ଻ସǤହ௑ଵ଴଴଴௑ଵ଴଴଴
= ൅ =13.6MPa
ଶଶ଼௑ଵ଴଴ ଺Ǥଶ଼ሺଶଵǤଽሻଶ௑ଵ଴଴ሺଵଽሻ

- Allowable shear stress :

since KL/r > Cc then

ʹ
‫͵ ܧ‬
since λ = D/t= (24) =< 1.16ሺ‫ݕܨ‬ሻ =(80.6)

Then Fv=0.33Fy= 0.33x345 =113.85 MPa

- Unity check :

ଶగଶா
KL/r =148 >ට = 107 then there is need to use the CA
ி௬

య ಺ಳ య రఱళయబ
 ට ௉்ା଴Ǥଷ଼஽௣  ට
రఱళయబ
ଷ଴ଷ଴଴ା଴Ǥଷ଼௫ଵ଻ଵ଴଴
಺೅
CA = 1-቎ మǤరలಶ಺ಳ ቏= 1-቎ మǤరలೣమబబబబబೣరఱళయబೣభబబబబ ቏ = 0.98 Eq 4-1
ಽమ భబబబబమ

Then:

୤ୟ ୤ୠ ୤୴ ଵǤଷ ସଽ ଵଷǤ଺
 ൅ ൅ሺ ሻଶ ൌ  ൅ ൅ሺ ሻଶ ൌ
୊ୟ୶ଵǤଷଷ େ୅୊ୠ୶ଵǤଷଷ ୊୴୶ଵǤଷଷ ସ଻୶ଵǤଷଷ ଴Ǥଽ଼୶ଶଶ଻Ǥ଻୶ଵǤଷଷ ଵଵଷǤଽ୶ଵǤଷଷ
ͲǤͳͻ ൏ ͳ
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

FATIGUE DESIGN
Each bar will be welded fillet weld both side, the side which is near to the door
opening will have a weld (a1) of 4mm size and the other one (a2) will be 10 mm .
Length of the bar 900 mm ,FATIGUE CHECK IS DONE ON THE WELDING

- GALLOPING :
AXIAL = 34 KN .
SHEAR = 0 KN .
BENDING MOMENT = 109 KN.M .
TORSION = 0 KN.M

Total axial load = axial + (bending / R ) = 34+(109/0.229)= 509 KN .


Total Shear = 0 KN .

Weld throat thickness a1 = 4mmx 0.7 (sin45)= 2.8mm.


a2 = 10mmx 0.7(sin45)= 7.07mm.
Length of weld is 2x 900mm+2x900 = 1800 mm+1800 mm .

Area of the weld = 2.8 x 1800 = 5040 mm2


= 7.07 x 1800= 12726 mm2
Actual stress = load / weld area= 509000/17766=28.7 N/mm

Total stress = 28.7 N/mm2

- WIND GUST :
AXIAL = 30 KN .
SHEAR= 3.16 KN .
BENDING MOMENT : My= 20.3KN.M , Mz= 71 KN.M
MTOTAL=73.8 KN.M .
TORSION = 16.2 KN.M

Total axial load = axial + (bending / R ) = 30+(73.8/0.229)= 352 KN .


Total Shear load = Shear + (torsion / R ) = 3.16+(16.2/0.229)= 73.9 KN .

Weld throat thickness a1 = 4mmx 0.7 (sin45)= 2.8mm.


a2 = 10mmx 0.7(sin45)= 7.07mm.
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

Length of weld is 2x 900mm+2x900 = 1800 mm+1800 mm .

Area of the weld = 2.8 x 1800 = 5040 mm2


= 7.07 x 1800 = 12726 mm2
Actual axial stress = load / weld area=352000/17766=19.8 N/mm 2
Actual shear stress = load / weld area= 73900/17766=4.2 N/mm 2

Total stress = 19.8+4.2= 24 N/mm2

- TRUCK GUST :
We will not make the check for this load case since the loads are less than the
galloping case

Conclusion

Worst load case for fatigue is GALLOPING

TOTAL SHEAR = 28.7 N/mm2 < 31 CATEGORY E

THEN THE THE PROPOSED LENGTH OF THE SQ BAR AND THE WELD SIZES ARE
OK .
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

7-CLAMP DESIGN. (SKETCH ATTACHED)

ALL THE PRINCIPLE LOADS LISTED BELOW HAS BEEN TAKEN FROM THE COMPUTER RUN
OUT-PUT (COMPUTER RUN REPORT ATTACHED).

7.1- ACTING LOADS


NOTE: THE BELOW LOADS ARE HIGHLIGHTED IN THE COMPUTER RUN REPORT PAGE NO.10.

Member AXIAL (KN) SHEAR (KN) MOMENT (KN.M)


No. 3 Fx Fy Fz My Mz
VALUE 22.5 6 9.3 75 32.5

NOTE: THOSE LOADS ARE HIGHLIGHTED IN THE COMPUTER RUN REPORT PAGE NO. 10

AXIAL BENDING MONMENT SHEAR TORSION


(KN) (KN.M) (KN) (N.M)
DL+GALLOPING 37.2 45.4 7.2 0.0
DL+WIND 22.5 My=16.2,Mz=32.5,M=36.3 6.4 0.0
member

GUST
ARM

No.3

DL+TRUCK
29.5 37.5 6.2 0.0
GUST

7.2- CONNECTING BOLT DESIGN

NOS. OF BOLT/ SIZE 8 NOS. WITH SIZE OF M30


NET TENSILE STRENGTH AREA Ag 561 mm2 COARSE PITCH
MATERIAL ISO 898 GR 8.8
YIELD STRENGTH Fy 640 MPa
ALLOWABLE TENSILE Fu ,ALLOWABLE SHEAR Fv Fu=0.5XFy=320 MPa / Fv = 0.3XFy=192 MPa
ECCENTRICITY OF THE SHEAR e e = 271 mm
Iz(sum of squares of distances Z) of THE BOLTS 4X2252 (farthest bolts) +4X752= 225000 mm2
(4+4)
Iy(sum of squares of distancesY) OF THE BOLTS 8X3212= 824328 mm2
(8)
TENSION DUE TO Mz = (Mz+FyXe)X225/Iz (32.5+6X0.271)X0.225/0.225=34.1 KN
TENSION DUE TO My = (My+FzXe)X321/Iy (75+9.3X0.271)X0.321/0.824=30.2 KN
SHEAR FORCE fv ON BOLT IS VERY SMALL NEGLECTABLE
APPLIED TENSILE STRESS fu =TOTAL TENSION/Ag =(34.1+30.2)X1000/561= 115 MPa
UNITY (fu/(FuX1.33))2+ (fv/(FvX1.33)2)≤1 (115/(320X1.33))2 + (0)= 0.07 <1 ՜ OK
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

FATIGUE CHECK (WORST CASE IS GALLOPING)


NOS. OF BOLT/ SIZE 8 NOS. WITH SIZE OF M30
NET TENSILE STRENGTH AREA Ag 561 mm2 COARSE PITCH
MATERIAL ISO 898 GR 8.8
YIELD STRENGTH Fy 640 MPa
ALLOWABLE STRESS 110 MPa CATEGORY B
ECCENTRICITY OF THE SHEAR e e = 271 mm
Iz(sum of squares of distances Z) of THE BOLTS 4X2252 (farthest bolts) +4X752= 225000 mm2
(4+4)
Iy(sum of squares of distancesY) OF THE BOLTS 8X3212= 824328 mm2
(8)
TENSION DUE TO Mz = (Mz+FyXe)X225/Iz (45.4+7.2X0.271)X0.225/0.225=47.4 KN
TENSION DUE TO My = (My+FzXe)X321/Iy (0+0X0.271)X0.321/0.824=0 KN
SHEAR FORCE fv ON BOLT IS VERY SMALL NEGLECTABLE
APPLIED TENSILE STRESS fu =TOTAL TENSION/Ag =(47.4+0)X1000/561= 84.5 MPa
FATIGUE CHECK 84.5 < 110 CATEGORY B THEN BOLTS ARE OK

FOR APPLIED TORQUE VALUE TO TIGHTEN THE BOLT ACCORDINGLY PLEASE


REEFER TO BELOW TABLE

Tightening Torques

(For Metric Coarse Thread Bolts and Screws) Based on coefficients of friction µ total of
0.100, loads are in N.M
Thread Property Classes
Diameter 4.6 5.6 8.8
M4 1.02 1.37 3.0
M5 2.00 2.70 5.9
M6 3.50 4.60 10
M8 8.40 11 25
M10 17 22 49
M12 29 39 85
M14 46 62 135
M16 71 95 210
M18 97 130 300
M20 138 184 425
M22 186 250 580
M24 235 315 730
M27 350 470 1,100
M30 475 3635 1,450
M33 645 8865 1,970
M36 830 1,111 2,530
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

7.3- WELDED RING PLATE CHECK

Dimension of this ring is 40mmx16mm

Applied load is 22.5 KN,weld throat thickness = 6mmx 0.7 (sin45)

Actual stress = 22.5 KN applied load / (6x0.7x3.14x457) (Length of weld) = 3.7 MPa

Allowable stress = 250 (yield) x 0.64 = 160 MPa . >> 9.2 ՜OK.

FATIGUE CHECK :

WORST CASE IS GALLOPING

Applied load is 37.2 KN,weld throat thickness = 6mmx 0.7 (sin45)

Actual stress = 37.2 KN applied load / (6x0.7x3.14x457) (Length of weld) = 6.17 MPa

Allowable stress 18 MPa CATEGORY E’ > 6.17 MPa ՜OK.

7.4- FLANGE TO BENT PLATE IN CLAMP

Tributary width of bolt = 150mm ,proposed weld size is 15mm → throat size is
15xsin45=10.6mm
force on weld is due to maximum bolt tension = 64.3 KN

actual stress on weld = applied force / (size of weld x length of weld)=64.3x1000/(10.6x150)


= 40.4 Mpa

allowable stress for the weld = 0.64xFy=0.64x250MPa=160MPa.> actual stress →OK

FATIGUE CHECK :

Tributary width of bolt = 150mm ,proposed weld size is 15mm → throat size is
15xsin45=10.6mm
force on weld is due to maximum bolt tension = 47.4 KN

actual stress on weld = applied force / (size of weld x length of weld)=47.4x1000/(10.6x150)


= 30 Mpa

Allowable stress 69 MPa CATEGORY C > 44.5 MPa ՜OK.


GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

7.5- CLAMP PLATE THICKNESS CHECK.


To determine the plate thickness we will use the following formula:

Fb = M / Z ..... Z=M/Fb...... L xt2 /6=m/Fb

૟࢞ࡹ
t=ට
ࡸ࢞ࡲ࢈
t : plate thickness .
Z: section modulus.
Fb : allowable bending stress =0.6x345x1.33= 275 MPa.
L: length of plate which is resisting the moment. =461mm in Y direction /=600 in Z direction.
M: is the moment due to bolt tension.

M (vertical)= 2(Nos.)x tension on bolt (fy,Mz)x lever ((450-370)/2)=2x34.1x0.04=2.7 KN.M


M(horizontal)=4(Nos.)xtension on bolt(fz,My )xlever ((642-370)/2)=4x30.2x0.136=16.4 KN.M

૟࢞૛Ǥૠ࢞૚૙૙૙࢞૚૙૙૙
ty =ට =11.3mm required
૝૟૚࢞૛ૠ૞
૟࢞૚૟Ǥ૝࢞૚૙૙૙࢞૚૙૙૙
tz = ට = 24.4mm required
૟૙૙࢞૛ૠ૞

The implemented thickness is 40mm>24.4mm then the design of the clamp is OK.

7.6- BACK BOLTS DESIGN.


3 Nos. bolts will be used at the back of the clamp threaded into the shaft as to be broken
in case of any vehicle hit the arm so the arm will rotate as it the clamp connection bolts
M33 is safe and as the clamp is seated on the supported ring .

These bolts chosen to be weaker than the main clamp bolts in purpose.
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

8-DEFLECTION CHECK (SERVICEABILITY).

8.1-SHAFT: Node No. 16 page No. 7

- Dead load:
Horizontal deflection is 25mm
Allowable deflection is 0.03H(shaft length) = 300mm >25 ՜ OK.
- Dead + Wind load:
Horizontal deflection is 31mm
Allowable deflection is 0.15H (shaft length) = 1500mm >>31 ՜ OK.

8.2-ARM: Node No. 14 page No. 7

We applied some fabrication method to reduce the deflection:

1- Pre-camber of 85mm upward to compensate Dead Load + L/1000 =


15000/1000=15mm to compensate deflection resulting from foundation rotation.
Total pre-camber = 85+15=100mm
2- NO RAKING REQUIRED.

- Dead load:
Horizontal deflection is 128mm+ (-100mm pre-camber) =
= 28mm
Allowable deflection as per Abu Dhabi Municipality is 50mm >28mm ՜ OK.

- Dead + Wind load:


Horizontal deflection is 302mm
Allowable deflection is 0.06(H+L) (H:shaft length ,arm length) = 1568mm >302 ՜ OK.

The above criteria is as per BS EN 40 Class B.

- Dead + Galloping:
Horizontal deflection is 204mm+ (-100mm pre-camber) = 104 mm
Allowable deflection as per AASHTO C 11.8 is 200mm > 104mm ՜ OK.

- Dead + Truck induced gust :


Horizontal deflection is 163mm+ (-100mm pre-camber) = 63 mm
Allowable deflection as per AASHTO C 11.8 is 200mm > 63 mm ՜ OK.
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

9-BASE PLATE DESIGN


BASE PLATE AND ANCHOR BOLTS DESIGN

REFER TO MEMBER No. 1 Page No.10

Maximum bending moment on shaft bottom (From shaft design) ( Mb max ) 11896,00 Kg.m
Maximum weight of shaft & accessories (From shaft design) (Wt sh) 3088,00 Kg
Total weight of Pole & accessories including Base Plate (WtTotal) 3271,38 Kg
A/F Bottom 457 mm
Base plate dimensions:
length (L): 750 mm
width (L) : 750 mm
thick. (t) : 60 mm

Base plate material minimum yield strength. (YBP) ST 44-2 265 N/mm2

Number of Anchor Bolts (n): 4 -


Anchor bolts distance (Center to Cnter) (L c-c) 510 510 mm
Anchor bolts material minimum yield strength. (YAB) 380 N/mm2

Diameter of Anchor Bolt (Do) 60 mm


Total length of Bolt (Lab) 1850 mm

Anchor Bolt Reaction due to Axial Load (Ra) = 817,84 Kg


Anchor Bolt Circle Diameter (Dab) = 721,25 mm
Maximum Axial Load on Critical Anchor Bolt due to Bending (F Mb) = 16493,61 Kg
Total Axial Load on the Critical Anchor Bolt (Fa) = 17311,5 Kg
(Due to Bending & Axial Load)
Allowable tension/Compression stress for Anchor Bolt (σalla ) = 252,7 N/mm2
Allowable Axial Force for Anchor Bolt (Falla) = 63986,4 Kg
Safety Factor for Anchor Bolt = 3,7 > 1 OK

Anchorage bond strength (Grade 25 Concrete) (σu ) 1,4 N/mm2


Bolt minimum length embeded into the Concrete (LABmin) = 643,5 mm
Bolt threaded length (mm) (Lthr) 250
Actual length embeded into the concrete (Limp) = 1600 mm
Bolt length safety Factor = 2,49 > 1 OK

Net Weight of base plate (Wtbp) = 183,38 Kg


(Axis of Rotation due to Bending is the Opposite Side
of Shaft Facing the Critical Anchor Bolts) (N.A.)
Distance from the Critical Anchor Bolt to Nutural Axis (L f) = 132,0 mm
Bending moment on base plate around Nutural Axis (MbBP) = 2285,54 Kg.m
Length of base plate Section resisting bending moment (Lr) = 603,46 mm
Elastic section modulus of Base Plate Critical Section (Z) = 362076,1 mm3
Bending Stress on base plate (σMb) = 61,9 N/mm2
Allowable stress in Base Plate (σalla(BP) = 0.6 x FYBP) = 159,0 N/mm2

Safety Factor for base plate = 2,6 > 1 OK

Base plate anchor bolt & WELDING FOR SAIF REVISED POLYGONAL to INCLUDE FAtigue 15M REVISED
7/10/2011 A .xlsx
Reference of Formulas

Ra = Wt Total/n
Dab = Lc-c x √2
FMb = Mbmax x 1000 / Dab
Fa = Ra + FMb
σalla = 0.6 FyAB x 1.4
2 , Where : π = 3.14159
Falla = σalla x π x Do / 4
Safety Factor for Anchor Bolt = Falla / Fa

LABmin = Fa x 9.81 / π x Do x σu , Where σu= Fa/A = Fax9.81/πxDoxLAB


Limp = LAB - Lthr
Bolt length safety Factor = Limp / LABmin
Lf = (DAB - A/F ) / 2
Mbp = Fa x Lf
Lr = L x √2 - A/F
2
Z = Lr x (t) / 6
σMb= MbBP x 9.81 x 1000 / Z
Safety Factor for Base Plate = σalla(BP) / σMb

Base plate anchor bolt & WELDING FOR SAIF REVISED POLYGONAL to INCLUDE FAtigue 15M REVISED
7/10/2011 A .xlsx
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

10-WELD BETWEEN THE ARM AND CLAMP,


WELD BETWEEN SHAFT AND BASE PLATE
Welding Between ARM and CLAMP Verification

REFER TO MEMBER No. 3 Page No.10

A/F bottom = 370 mm

Maximum Bending moment at shaft bottom (Mbmax) = 81700 N.m


Maximum Vertical force (Wtsh) = 22500 N
Maximum Shear force (Fsh) = 11000 N

2
Minimum yield strerength of welding electrode = 250 N/mm

APPROX. Fillet weld leg thickness (FILLET & CPJ) (w) = 25 mm

effective weld thickness (throat thickness) (t) = 17,68 mm

2
Area of Weld (At) = 21061,27 mm

4
Moment of inertia of Weld (I) = 360411005,98 mm

3
Section modulus of Weld (Z) = 1948167,6 mm

2
Actual Shear Stress due to Bending Moment = 41,94 N/mm

2
Actual Shear Stress due to Vertical Force = 1,07 N/mm

2
Total Shear Stress due to Bending Moment & Vertical Force = 43,01 N/mm

2
Actual Shear stress due to Shear Force = 0,52 N/mm

2
Total Conbined stress = 43,01 N/mm

2
Allowable stress = 212,8 N/mm

Safety Factor of welding = 4,95 > 1 OK

Reference of Formulas

(throat thickness) (t) = Weld Thickness x Cos45

Area of Weld (At) = t x Weld Length

3
I = 3.22 R t , Where

Z=I/R
Actual Shear Stress due to Bending Moment = Maximum Bending Moment / Z

Actual Shear Stress due to Vertical Force = Vertical Force / Area of Weld

Total Shear Stress = Shear due to Bending Moment +Shear due to Vertical Force
Actual Shear stress due to Shear Force = Shear Force / Area of Weld

Total Conbined stress = √[(Sb) +(Sv) ]


2 2

2
Allowable stress = 0,64x1,33xyield strenght of the electrode N/mm
Safety Factor of welding =Allowable Stress/Total Combined Stress
Welding Between ARM and CLAMP Verification
FATIGUE CHECK WORST CASE IS GALLOPING

REFER TO MEMBER No. 3 Page No.10

A/F bottom = 370 mm

Maximum Bending moment at shaft bottom (Mbmax) = 45400 N.m


Maximum Vertical force (Wtsh) = 37200 N
Maximum Shear force (Fsh) = 7200 N

2
Minimum yield strerength of welding electrode = 250 N/mm

Approx . weld leg thickness (Total full pentration and fillet ) (w) = 25 mm

effective weld thickness (throat thickness) (t) = 17,68 mm

2
Area of Weld (At) = 21061,27 mm

4
Moment of inertia of Weld (I) = 360411005,98 mm

3
Section modulus of Weld (Z) = 1948167,6 mm

2
Actual Shear Stress due to Bending Moment = 23,30 N/mm

2
Actual Shear Stress due to Vertical Force = 1,77 N/mm

2
Total Shear Stress due to Bending Moment & Vertical Force = 25,07 N/mm

2
Actual Shear stress due to Shear Force = 0,34 N/mm

2
Total Conbined stress = 25,07 N/mm

2
Total stress = 25,07 N/mm

2
Allowable stress CATEGORY E = 31 N/mm

ACTUAL STRESS 25,1 MPa< 31 MPA THEN JOINT IS OK

(throat thickness) (t) = Weld Thickness x Cos45

Area of Weld (At) = t x Weld Length

3
I = 3.22 R t , Where

Z=I/R
Actual Shear Stress due to Bending Moment = Maximum Bending Moment / Z

Actual Shear Stress due to Vertical Force = Vertical Force / Area of Weld

Total Shear Stress = Shear due to Bending Moment +Shear due to Vertical Force
Actual Shear stress due to Shear Force = Shear Force / Area of Weld
Welding Between Column and Base Plate Verification

REFER TO MEMBER No. 1 Page No.10

A/F bottom = 457 mm

Maximum Bending moment at shaft bottom (Mbmax) = 116700,0 N.m


Maximum Vertical force (Wtsh) = 30300,00 N
Maximum Shear force (Fsh) = 339000,00 N

2
Minimum yield strerength of welding electrode = 250 N/mm

Fillet weld leg thickness (Total upper & lower) (w) = 55 mm

effective weld thickness (throat thickness) (t) = 38,89 mm

2
Area of Weld (At) = 55807,88 mm

4
Moment of inertia of Weld (I) = 1456927463,31 mm

3
Section modulus of Weld (Z) = 6376050,168 mm

2
Actual Shear Stress due to Bending Moment = 18,30 N/mm

2
Actual Shear Stress due to Vertical Force = 0,54 N/mm

2
Total Shear Stress due to Bending Moment & Vertical Force = 18,85 N/mm

2
Actual Shear stress due to Shear Force = 6,07 N/mm

2
Total Conbined stress = 19,80 N/mm

2
Allowable stress = 212,8 N/mm

Safety Factor of welding = 10,75 > 1 OK

Reference of Formulas

(throat thickness) (t) = Weld Thickness x Cos45

Area of Weld (At) = t x Weld Length

3
I = 3.14 R t , Where

Z=I/R
Actual Shear Stress due to Bending Moment = Maximum Bending Moment / Z

Actual Shear Stress due to Vertical Force = Vertical Force / Area of Weld

Total Shear Stress = Shear due to Bending Moment +Shear due to Vertical Force
Actual Shear stress due to Shear Force = Shear Force / Area of Weld

Total Conbined stress = √[(Sb) +(Sv) ]


2 2

2
Allowable stress = 0,64x1,33xyield strenght of the electrode N/mm
Safety Factor of welding =Allowable Stress/Total Combined Stress
Welding Between Column and Base Plate Verification
FATIGUE CHECK WORST CASE IS GALLOPING

REFER TO MEMBER No. 1 Page No.10 LC NO. 9

A/F bottom = 457 mm

Maximum Bending moment at shaft bottom (Mbmax) = 109000,0 N.m


Maximum Vertical force (Wtsh) = 34000,00 N
Maximum Shear force (Fsh) = 0,00 N

2
Minimum yield strerength of welding electrode = 250 N/mm

Fillet weld leg thickness (Total upper & lower) (w) = 55 mm

effective weld thickness (throat thickness) (t) = 38,89 mm

2
Area of Weld (At) = 55807,88 mm

4
Moment of inertia of Weld (I) = 1456927463,31 mm

3
Section modulus of Weld (Z) = 6376050,168 mm

2
Actual Shear Stress due to Bending Moment = 17,10 N/mm

2
Actual Shear Stress due to Vertical Force = 0,61 N/mm

2
Total Shear Stress due to Bending Moment & Vertical Force = 17,70 N/mm

2
Actual Shear stress due to Shear Force = 0,00 N/mm

2
Total stress = 17,70 N/mm

2
Allowable stress CATEGORY E' = 18 N/mm

ACTUAL STRESS 17,7 MPa< 18 MPA THEN JOINT IS OK

Reference of Formulas

(throat thickness) (t) = Weld Thickness x Cos45

Area of Weld (At) = t x Weld Length

I = 3.14 R3 t , Where

Z=I/R
Actual Shear Stress due to Bending Moment = Maximum Bending Moment / Z

Actual Shear Stress due to Vertical Force = Vertical Force / Area of Weld

Total Shear Stress = Shear due to Bending Moment +Shear due to Vertical Force
Actual Shear stress due to Shear Force = Shear Force / Area of Weld
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

11- COMPUTER RUN OUTPUT


Page |1

Job Information

Engineer Checked Approved


Name: ZA AZ
Date: 06-Jul-11

Structure Type SPACE FRAME

Number of Nodes 13 Highest Node 13


Number of Elements 14 Highest Beam 14

Number of Basic Load Cases 6


Number of Combination Load Cases 5

Included in this printout are data for:


All The Whole Structure

Included in this printout are results for load cases:


Type L/C Name
Primary 1 PRE-TENSION
Primary 2 DL
Primary 3 WIND
Primary 4 GALLOPING
Primary 5 WIND GUST
Primary 6 TRUCK INDUCED
Combination 7 PRE-TENSION + DL
Combination 8 PRE-TENSION + DL + WIND
Combination 9 PRE-TENSION + DL + GALLOPING
Combination 10 PRE-TENSION + DL + WIND GUST
Combination 11 PRE-TENSION + DL + TRUCK INDUCED

07/07/2011
Page |2

Whole Structure

07/07/2011
Page |3

Whole Structure

Nodes
X Y Z
Node
(m) (m) (m)
1 0.000 0.000 0.000
2 0.000 6.515 0.000
3 0.000 10.015 0.000
4 15.000 7.800 0.000
5 0.000 4.690 0.000
6 0.000 8.265 0.000
7 5.081 6.950 0.000
8 8.369 7.232 0.000
9 8.967 7.283 0.000
10 10.013 7.373 0.000
11 11.657 7.514 0.000
12 13.650 7.684 0.000
13 14.746 7.778 0.000

07/07/2011
Page |4

Beams
Length E
Beam Node A Node B Property
(m) (degrees)
1 1 5 4.690 2 0
2 2 6 1.750 2 0
3 2 7 5.100 4 0
4 5 2 1.825 2 0
5 6 3 1.750 2 0
6 7 8 3.300 5 0
7 8 9 0.600 6 0
8 9 10 1.050 7 0
9 10 11 1.650 8 0
10 11 12 2.000 9 0
11 12 13 1.100 10 0
12 13 4 0.255 11 0
13 6 9 9.021 3 0
14 6 12 13.662 3 0

Section Properties
Area Iyy Izz J
Prop Section 2 4 4 4 Material
(cm ) (cm ) (cm ) (cm )
1 HDC 0.4X0.2X0.0 70.526 6.85E 3 6.85E 3 13.5E 3 STEEL
2 PIPE 261.563 62.9E 3 62.9E 3 126E 3 STEEL
3 Prismatic General 1.130 0.000 0.102 0.000 STAINLESSSTEEL
4 HDC 0.4X0.3X0.0 84.784 11.9E 3 11.9E 3 23.5E 3 STEEL
5 HDC 0.3X0.3X0.0 72.691 7.5E 3 7.5E 3 14.8E 3 STEEL
6 HDC 0.3X0.3X0.0 67.089 5.9E 3 5.9E 3 11.6E 3 STEEL
7 HDC 0.3X0.3X0.0 64.670 5.28E 3 5.28E 3 10.4E 3 STEEL
8 HDC 0.3X0.2X0.0 60.724 4.37E 3 4.37E 3 8.64E 3 STEEL
9 HDC 0.2X0.2X0.0 55.505 3.34E 3 3.34E 3 6.59E 3 STEEL
10 HDC 0.2X0.2X0.0 51.049 2.6E 3 2.6E 3 5.13E 3 STEEL
11 HDC 0.2X0.2X0.0 49.139 2.32E 3 2.32E 3 4.58E 3 STEEL

Materials
E Density D
Mat Name 2 Q 3
(kN/mm ) (kg/m ) (1/°K)
3 STEEL 205.000 0.300 7.83E 3 12E -6
4 STAINLESSSTEEL 197.930 0.300 7.83E 3 18E -6
5 ALUMINUM 68.948 0.330 2.71E 3 23E -6
6 CONCRETE 21.718 0.170 2.4E 3 10E -6

Supports
X Y Z rX rY rZ
Node - - -
(kN/mm) (kN/mm) (kN/mm) (kN m/deg) (kN m/deg) (kN m/deg)
1 Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed

07/07/2011
Page |5

Basic Load Cases

Number Name
1 PRE-TENSION
2 DL
3 WIND
4 GALLOPING
5 WIND GUST
6 TRUCK INDUCED

Combination Load Cases

Comb. Combination L/C Name Primary Primary L/C Name Factor


7 PRE-TENSION + DL 1 PRE-TENSION 1.0
2 DL 1.0
8 PRE-TENSION + DL + WIND 1 PRE-TENSION 1.0
2 DL 1.0
3 WIND 1.0
9 PRE-TENSION + DL + GALLOPING 1 PRE-TENSION 1.0
2 DL 1.0
4 GALLOPING 1.0
10 PRE-TENSION + DL + WIND GUST 1 PRE-TENSION 1.0
2 DL 1.0
5 WIND GUST 1.0
11 PRE-TENSION + DL + TRUCK INDUCED 1 PRE-TENSION 1.0
2 DL 1.0
6 TRUCK INDUCED 1.0

Load Generators
There is no data of this type.

Prestress Loads : 1 PRE-TENSION


Eccentricity
Force Start Middle End
Beam Type
(kN) (m) (m) (m)
13 ? -2.000 - - -
14 ? -2.000 - - -

Node Loads : 2 DL
FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
Node
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
4 - -0.250 - - - -
5 - -0.500 - - - -
7 - -0.250 - - - -
8 - -0.250 - - - -
10 - -0.100 - - - -
11 - -0.250 - - - -
13 - -0.250 - - - -

Selfweight : 2 DL

07/07/2011
Page |6

Direction Factor
Y -1.000

Node Loads : 3 WIND


FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
Node
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
4 - - -0.810 - - -
5 - - -1.500 - - -
7 - - -0.810 - - -
8 - - -0.810 - - -
10 - - -0.750 - - -
11 - - -0.810 - - -
13 - - -0.810 - - -

Beam Loads : 3 WIND


Da Ecc.
Beam Type Direction Fa Fb Db
(m) (m)
3 CON kN GZ -4.520 5.000 - - -
4 CON kN GZ -2.850 0.371 - - -

Node Loads : 4 GALLOPING


FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
Node
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
4 - -0.700 - - - -
7 - -0.700 - - - -
8 - -0.700 - - - -
11 - -0.700 - - - -
13 - -0.700 - - - -

Node Loads : 5 WIND GUST


FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
Node
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
4 - - -0.160 - - -
5 - - -0.500 - - -
7 - - -0.160 - - -
8 - - -0.160 - - -
10 - - -0.140 - - -
11 - - -0.160 - - -
13 - - -0.160 - - -

Beam Loads : 5 WIND GUST


Da Ecc.
Beam Type Direction Fa Fb Db
(m) (m)
3 CON kN GZ -1.200 5.000 - - -
4 CON kN GZ -0.520 0.317 - - -

Node Loads : 6 TRUCK INDUCED


07/07/2011
Page |7

FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
Node
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
4 - -0.170 - - - -
11 - -0.170 - - - -
13 - -0.170 - - - -

Beam Loads : 6 TRUCK INDUCED


Da Ecc.
Beam Type Direction Fa Fb Db
(m) (m)
10 CON kN GY -0.800 0.880 - - -

Node Displacements
X Y Z Resultant rX rY rZ
Node L/C
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (rad) (rad) (rad)
1 1:PRE-TENSION 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2:DL 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
4:GALLOPING 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
7:PRE-TENSION + 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
8:PRE-TENSION + 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
9:PRE-TENSION + 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
10:PRE-TENSION + 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
11:PRE-TENSION + 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2 1:PRE-TENSION 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.000
2:DL 11.655 -0.029 0.000 11.655 0.000 0.000 -0.004
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -9.788 9.788 -0.002 0.005 0.000
4:GALLOPING 6.320 -0.004 0.000 6.320 0.000 0.000 -0.002
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -2.231 2.231 -0.001 0.001 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 2.809 -0.002 0.000 2.809 0.000 0.000 -0.001
7:PRE-TENSION + 11.655 -0.029 0.000 11.655 0.000 0.000 -0.004
8:PRE-TENSION + 11.655 -0.029 -9.788 15.220 -0.002 0.005 -0.004
9:PRE-TENSION + 17.975 -0.033 0.000 17.975 0.000 0.000 -0.006
10:PRE-TENSION + 11.655 -0.029 -2.231 11.867 -0.001 0.001 -0.004
11:PRE-TENSION + 14.464 -0.030 0.000 14.464 0.000 0.000 -0.004
3 1:PRE-TENSION -0.047 0.000 0.000 0.047 0.000 0.000 0.000
2:DL 25.020 -0.032 0.000 25.020 0.000 0.000 -0.004
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -17.724 17.724 -0.002 0.005 0.000
4:GALLOPING 13.638 -0.005 0.000 13.638 0.000 0.000 -0.002
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -4.035 4.035 -0.001 0.001 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 6.077 -0.002 0.000 6.077 0.000 0.000 -0.001
7:PRE-TENSION + 24.972 -0.032 0.000 24.972 0.000 0.000 -0.004
8:PRE-TENSION + 24.972 -0.032 -17.724 30.623 -0.002 0.005 -0.004
9:PRE-TENSION + 38.610 -0.036 0.000 38.610 0.000 0.000 -0.006
10:PRE-TENSION + 24.972 -0.032 -4.035 25.296 -0.001 0.001 -0.004
11:PRE-TENSION + 31.050 -0.033 0.000 31.050 0.000 0.000 -0.005
4 1:PRE-TENSION 0.590 -6.769 0.000 6.794 0.000 0.000 -0.001
2:DL 21.658 -118.834 0.000 120.792 0.000 0.000 -0.010
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -273.577 273.577 -0.004 0.024 0.000
4:GALLOPING 12.622 -74.880 0.000 75.937 0.000 0.000 -0.008
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -57.564 57.564 -0.001 0.005 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 5.745 -34.894 0.000 35.364 0.000 0.000 -0.003
7:PRE-TENSION + 22.248 -125.603 0.000 127.558 0.000 0.000 -0.011
8:PRE-TENSION + 22.248 -125.603 -273.577 301.853 -0.004 0.024 -0.011
9:PRE-TENSION + 34.870 -200.483 0.000 203.493 0.000 0.000 -0.018
10:PRE-TENSION + 22.248 -125.603 -57.564 139.945 -0.001 0.005 -0.011
11:PRE-TENSION + 27.992 -160.497 0.000 162.920 0.000 0.000 -0.014
5 1:PRE-TENSION 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.000
2:DL 6.040 -0.022 0.000 6.040 0.000 0.000 -0.003
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -5.790 5.790 -0.002 0.004 0.000
4:GALLOPING 3.275 -0.003 0.000 3.275 0.000 0.000 -0.001

07/07/2011
Page |8

5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -1.322 1.322 -0.000 0.001 0.000


6:TRUCK INDUCED 1.456 -0.001 0.000 1.456 0.000 0.000 -0.001
7:PRE-TENSION + 6.040 -0.022 0.000 6.040 0.000 0.000 -0.003
8:PRE-TENSION + 6.040 -0.022 -5.790 8.367 -0.002 0.004 -0.003
9:PRE-TENSION + 9.315 -0.025 0.000 9.315 0.000 0.000 -0.004
10:PRE-TENSION + 6.040 -0.022 -1.322 6.183 -0.000 0.001 -0.003
11:PRE-TENSION + 7.496 -0.024 0.000 7.496 0.000 0.000 -0.003
6 1:PRE-TENSION -0.020 0.000 0.000 0.020 0.000 0.000 0.000
2:DL 18.276 -0.031 0.000 18.276 0.000 0.000 -0.004
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -13.756 13.756 -0.002 0.005 0.000
4:GALLOPING 9.940 -0.005 0.000 9.940 0.000 0.000 -0.002
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -3.133 3.133 -0.001 0.001 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 4.425 -0.002 0.000 4.425 0.000 0.000 -0.001
7:PRE-TENSION + 18.256 -0.031 0.000 18.256 0.000 0.000 -0.004
8:PRE-TENSION + 18.256 -0.031 -13.756 22.858 -0.002 0.005 -0.004
9:PRE-TENSION + 28.196 -0.036 0.000 28.196 0.000 0.000 -0.006
10:PRE-TENSION + 18.256 -0.031 -3.133 18.523 -0.001 0.001 -0.004
11:PRE-TENSION + 22.680 -0.033 0.000 22.680 0.000 0.000 -0.005
7 1:PRE-TENSION 0.084 -0.937 0.000 0.940 0.000 0.000 -0.000
2:DL 14.034 -28.616 0.000 31.872 0.000 0.000 -0.007
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -63.979 63.979 -0.003 0.015 0.000
4:GALLOPING 7.576 -15.179 0.000 16.964 0.000 0.000 -0.004
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -13.891 13.891 -0.001 0.003 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 3.358 -6.649 0.000 7.449 0.000 0.000 -0.002
7:PRE-TENSION + 14.118 -29.553 0.000 32.752 0.000 0.000 -0.008
8:PRE-TENSION + 14.118 -29.553 -63.979 71.875 -0.003 0.015 -0.008
9:PRE-TENSION + 21.695 -44.731 0.000 49.715 0.000 0.000 -0.012
10:PRE-TENSION + 14.118 -29.553 -13.891 35.576 -0.001 0.003 -0.008
11:PRE-TENSION + 17.476 -36.202 0.000 40.200 0.000 0.000 -0.009
8 1:PRE-TENSION 0.218 -2.465 0.000 2.474 0.000 0.000 -0.001
2:DL 16.243 -55.011 0.000 57.359 0.000 0.000 -0.009
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -122.616 122.616 -0.004 0.020 0.000
4:GALLOPING 8.858 -30.518 0.000 31.778 0.000 0.000 -0.005
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -26.234 26.234 -0.001 0.004 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 3.955 -13.797 0.000 14.353 0.000 0.000 -0.003
7:PRE-TENSION + 16.461 -57.475 0.000 59.786 0.000 0.000 -0.009
8:PRE-TENSION + 16.461 -57.475 -122.616 136.415 -0.004 0.020 -0.009
9:PRE-TENSION + 25.319 -87.993 0.000 91.564 0.000 0.000 -0.015
10:PRE-TENSION + 16.461 -57.475 -26.234 65.289 -0.001 0.004 -0.009
11:PRE-TENSION + 20.416 -71.272 0.000 74.139 0.000 0.000 -0.012
9 1:PRE-TENSION 0.247 -2.803 0.000 2.814 0.000 0.000 -0.001
2:DL 16.686 -60.293 0.000 62.559 0.000 0.000 -0.009
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -134.767 134.767 -0.004 0.020 0.000
4:GALLOPING 9.133 -33.802 0.000 35.014 0.000 0.000 -0.006
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -28.771 28.771 -0.001 0.004 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 4.088 -15.384 0.000 15.918 0.000 0.000 -0.003
7:PRE-TENSION + 16.933 -63.097 0.000 65.329 0.000 0.000 -0.010
8:PRE-TENSION + 16.933 -63.097 -134.767 149.767 -0.004 0.020 -0.010
9:PRE-TENSION + 26.066 -96.899 0.000 100.343 0.000 0.000 -0.015
10:PRE-TENSION + 16.933 -63.097 -28.771 71.384 -0.001 0.004 -0.010
11:PRE-TENSION + 21.021 -78.480 0.000 81.247 0.000 0.000 -0.012
10 1:PRE-TENSION 0.302 -3.428 0.000 3.442 0.000 0.000 -0.001
2:DL 17.499 -69.888 0.000 72.045 0.000 0.000 -0.009
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -156.948 156.948 -0.004 0.021 0.000
4:GALLOPING 9.654 -39.958 0.000 41.107 0.000 0.000 -0.006
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -33.391 33.391 -0.001 0.004 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 4.342 -18.385 0.000 18.891 0.000 0.000 -0.003
7:PRE-TENSION + 17.800 -73.316 0.000 75.446 0.000 0.000 -0.010
8:PRE-TENSION + 17.800 -73.316 -156.948 174.140 -0.004 0.021 -0.010
9:PRE-TENSION + 27.455 -113.274 0.000 116.553 0.000 0.000 -0.016
10:PRE-TENSION + 17.800 -73.316 -33.391 82.505 -0.001 0.004 -0.010
11:PRE-TENSION + 22.142 -91.702 0.000 94.337 0.000 0.000 -0.013
11 1:PRE-TENSION 0.393 -4.482 0.000 4.499 0.000 0.000 -0.001
2:DL 18.831 -85.608 0.000 87.654 0.000 0.000 -0.010
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -193.799 193.799 -0.004 0.023 0.000
4:GALLOPING 10.554 -50.586 0.000 51.675 0.000 0.000 -0.007
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -41.044 41.044 -0.001 0.005 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 4.781 -23.571 0.000 24.051 0.000 0.000 -0.003
7:PRE-TENSION + 19.224 -90.090 0.000 92.118 0.000 0.000 -0.010
8:PRE-TENSION + 19.224 -90.090 -193.799 214.578 -0.004 0.023 -0.010
9:PRE-TENSION + 29.778 -140.675 0.000 143.792 0.000 0.000 -0.017
10:PRE-TENSION + 19.224 -90.090 -41.044 100.848 -0.001 0.005 -0.010
11:PRE-TENSION + 24.005 -113.660 0.000 116.168 0.000 0.000 -0.014
07/07/2011
Page |9

12 1:PRE-TENSION 0.510 -5.838 0.000 5.860 0.000 0.000 -0.001


2:DL 20.494 -105.250 0.000 107.227 0.000 0.000 -0.010
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -240.857 240.857 -0.004 0.024 0.000
4:GALLOPING 11.752 -64.715 0.000 65.773 0.000 0.000 -0.007
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -50.793 50.793 -0.001 0.005 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 5.347 -30.248 0.000 30.717 0.000 0.000 -0.003
7:PRE-TENSION + 21.004 -111.088 0.000 113.056 0.000 0.000 -0.011
8:PRE-TENSION + 21.004 -111.088 -240.857 266.071 -0.004 0.024 -0.011
9:PRE-TENSION + 32.756 -175.803 0.000 178.828 0.000 0.000 -0.018
10:PRE-TENSION + 21.004 -111.088 -50.793 123.942 -0.001 0.005 -0.011
11:PRE-TENSION + 26.351 -141.336 0.000 143.772 0.000 0.000 -0.014
13 1:PRE-TENSION 0.575 -6.593 0.000 6.618 0.000 0.000 -0.001
2:DL 21.438 -116.271 0.000 118.231 0.000 0.000 -0.010
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -267.403 267.403 -0.004 0.024 0.000
4:GALLOPING 12.457 -72.952 0.000 74.008 0.000 0.000 -0.008
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -56.286 56.286 -0.001 0.005 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 5.669 -34.016 0.000 34.486 0.000 0.000 -0.003
7:PRE-TENSION + 22.013 -122.865 0.000 124.821 0.000 0.000 -0.011
8:PRE-TENSION + 22.013 -122.865 -267.403 295.101 -0.004 0.024 -0.011
9:PRE-TENSION + 34.470 -195.817 0.000 198.827 0.000 0.000 -0.018
10:PRE-TENSION + 22.013 -122.865 -56.286 136.925 -0.001 0.005 -0.011
11:PRE-TENSION + 27.682 -156.881 0.000 159.305 0.000 0.000 -0.014

07/07/2011
P a g e | 10

Beam End Forces


Sign convention is as the action of the joint on the beam.
Axial Shear Torsion Bending
Fx Fy Fz Mx My Mz
Beam Node L/C
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
1 1 1:PRE-TENSION 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2:DL 30.334 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 70.814
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 13.670 -74.459 -88.557 0.000
4:GALLOPING 3.500 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 38.398
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 3.160 -16.157 -20.275 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 1.310 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 17.066
7:PRE-TENSION + 30.334 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 70.814
8:PRE-TENSION + 30.334 0.000 13.670 -74.459 -88.557 70.814
9:PRE-TENSION + 33.834 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 109.212
10:PRE-TENSION + 30.334 0.000 3.160 -16.157 -20.275 70.814
11:PRE-TENSION + 31.644 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 87.880
5 1:PRE-TENSION -0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.000
2:DL -20.911 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -70.814
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -13.670 74.459 24.445 0.000
4:GALLOPING -3.500 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -38.398
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -3.160 16.157 5.454 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED -1.310 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -17.066
7:PRE-TENSION + -20.911 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -70.814
8:PRE-TENSION + -20.911 -0.000 -13.670 74.459 24.445 -70.814
9:PRE-TENSION + -24.411 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -109.212
10:PRE-TENSION + -20.911 -0.000 -3.160 16.157 5.454 -70.814
11:PRE-TENSION + -22.221 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -87.880
2 2 1:PRE-TENSION -0.094 -1.306 0.000 0.000 0.000 -2.286
2:DL 8.940 23.209 0.000 0.000 0.000 40.615
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
4:GALLOPING 1.093 14.547 0.000 0.000 0.000 25.457
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 0.515 6.909 0.000 0.000 0.000 12.091
7:PRE-TENSION + 8.845 21.903 0.000 0.000 0.000 38.330
8:PRE-TENSION + 8.845 21.903 0.000 0.000 0.000 38.330
9:PRE-TENSION + 9.939 36.449 0.000 0.000 0.000 63.786
10:PRE-TENSION + 8.845 21.903 -0.000 0.000 0.000 38.330
11:PRE-TENSION + 9.360 28.812 0.000 0.000 0.000 50.421
6 1:PRE-TENSION 0.094 1.306 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2:DL -5.423 -23.209 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -0.000 -0.000 -0.000 0.000
4:GALLOPING -1.093 -14.547 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.000
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.000 -0.000 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED -0.515 -6.909 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
7:PRE-TENSION + -5.329 -21.903 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
8:PRE-TENSION + -5.329 -21.903 -0.000 -0.000 -0.000 0.000
9:PRE-TENSION + -6.422 -36.449 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
10:PRE-TENSION + -5.329 -21.903 0.000 -0.000 -0.000 0.000
11:PRE-TENSION + -5.844 -28.812 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
3 2 1:PRE-TENSION -1.293 0.206 0.000 0.000 0.000 2.286
2:DL 23.790 5.795 0.000 0.000 0.000 30.199
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 9.320 -0.000 -74.732 0.000
4:GALLOPING 14.699 1.156 0.000 0.000 0.000 12.941
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 2.140 -0.000 -16.216 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 6.952 0.203 0.000 0.000 0.000 4.975
7:PRE-TENSION + 22.497 6.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 32.485
8:PRE-TENSION + 22.497 6.000 9.320 -0.000 -74.732 32.485
9:PRE-TENSION + 37.196 7.156 0.000 0.000 0.000 45.426
10:PRE-TENSION + 22.497 6.000 2.140 -0.000 -16.216 32.485
11:PRE-TENSION + 29.449 6.203 0.000 0.000 0.000 37.460
7 1:PRE-TENSION 1.293 -0.206 0.000 0.000 0.000 -1.237
2:DL -23.506 -2.477 0.000 0.000 0.000 -9.352
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -4.800 0.000 27.652 0.000
4:GALLOPING -14.699 -1.156 0.000 0.000 0.000 -7.044
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -0.940 0.000 5.422 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED -6.952 -0.203 0.000 0.000 0.000 -3.942
7:PRE-TENSION + -22.213 -2.683 0.000 0.000 0.000 -10.589
8:PRE-TENSION + -22.213 -2.683 -4.800 0.000 27.652 -10.589
9:PRE-TENSION + -36.912 -3.839 0.000 0.000 0.000 -17.633
10:PRE-TENSION + -22.213 -2.683 -0.940 0.000 5.422 -10.589
11:PRE-TENSION + -29.164 -2.885 0.000 0.000 0.000 -14.531
07/07/2011
P a g e | 11

4 5 1:PRE-TENSION 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000


2:DL 20.411 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 70.814
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 12.170 -74.459 -24.445 0.000
4:GALLOPING 3.500 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 38.398
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 2.660 -16.157 -5.454 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 1.310 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 17.066
7:PRE-TENSION + 20.411 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 70.814
8:PRE-TENSION + 20.411 0.000 12.170 -74.459 -24.445 70.814
9:PRE-TENSION + 23.911 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 109.212
10:PRE-TENSION + 20.411 0.000 2.660 -16.157 -5.454 70.814
11:PRE-TENSION + 21.721 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 87.880
2 1:PRE-TENSION -0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.000
2:DL -16.744 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -70.814
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -9.320 74.459 6.379 0.000
4:GALLOPING -3.500 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -38.398
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -2.140 16.157 1.384 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED -1.310 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -17.066
7:PRE-TENSION + -16.744 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -70.814
8:PRE-TENSION + -16.744 -0.000 -9.320 74.459 6.379 -70.814
9:PRE-TENSION + -20.244 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -109.212
10:PRE-TENSION + -16.744 -0.000 -2.140 16.157 1.384 -70.814
11:PRE-TENSION + -18.054 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -87.880
5 6 1:PRE-TENSION 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.000
2:DL 3.516 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
4:GALLOPING 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.000
7:PRE-TENSION + 3.516 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
8:PRE-TENSION + 3.516 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
9:PRE-TENSION + 3.516 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
10:PRE-TENSION + 3.516 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
11:PRE-TENSION + 3.516 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
3 1:PRE-TENSION 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.000
2:DL 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
4:GALLOPING 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
7:PRE-TENSION + 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
8:PRE-TENSION + 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
9:PRE-TENSION + 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
10:PRE-TENSION + 0.000 -0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
11:PRE-TENSION + 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
6 7 1:PRE-TENSION -1.293 0.206 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.237
2:DL 23.485 2.228 0.000 0.000 0.000 9.352
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 3.990 0.000 -27.652 0.000
4:GALLOPING 14.639 0.459 0.000 0.000 0.000 7.044
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 0.780 0.000 -5.422 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 6.952 0.203 0.000 0.000 0.000 3.942
7:PRE-TENSION + 22.191 2.434 0.000 0.000 0.000 10.589
8:PRE-TENSION + 22.191 2.434 3.990 0.000 -27.652 10.589
9:PRE-TENSION + 36.831 2.893 0.000 0.000 0.000 17.633
10:PRE-TENSION + 22.191 2.434 0.780 0.000 -5.422 10.589
11:PRE-TENSION + 29.143 2.636 0.000 0.000 0.000 14.531
8 1:PRE-TENSION 1.293 -0.206 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.559
2:DL -23.327 -0.388 0.000 0.000 0.000 -5.100
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -3.990 -0.000 14.485 0.000
4:GALLOPING -14.639 -0.459 0.000 0.000 0.000 -5.530
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -0.780 -0.000 2.848 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED -6.952 -0.203 0.000 0.000 0.000 -3.274
7:PRE-TENSION + -22.034 -0.594 0.000 0.000 0.000 -5.659
8:PRE-TENSION + -22.034 -0.594 -3.990 -0.000 14.485 -5.659
9:PRE-TENSION + -36.673 -1.052 0.000 0.000 0.000 -11.190
10:PRE-TENSION + -22.034 -0.594 -0.780 -0.000 2.848 -5.659
11:PRE-TENSION + -28.985 -0.796 0.000 0.000 0.000 -8.933
7 8 1:PRE-TENSION -1.293 0.206 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.559
2:DL 23.306 0.139 0.000 0.000 0.000 5.100
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 3.180 -0.000 -14.485 0.000
4:GALLOPING 14.579 -0.239 0.000 0.000 0.000 5.530
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 0.620 -0.000 -2.848 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 6.952 0.202 0.000 0.000 0.000 3.274
7:PRE-TENSION + 22.012 0.344 0.000 0.000 0.000 5.659
07/07/2011
P a g e | 12

8:PRE-TENSION + 22.012 0.344 3.180 -0.000 -14.485 5.659


9:PRE-TENSION + 36.592 0.105 0.000 0.000 0.000 11.190
10:PRE-TENSION + 22.012 0.344 0.620 -0.000 -2.848 5.659
11:PRE-TENSION + 28.964 0.547 0.000 0.000 0.000 8.933
9 1:PRE-TENSION 1.293 -0.206 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.436
2:DL -23.279 0.170 0.000 0.000 0.000 -5.110
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -3.180 0.000 12.577 0.000
4:GALLOPING -14.579 0.239 0.000 0.000 0.000 -5.674
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -0.620 0.000 2.476 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED -6.952 -0.202 0.000 0.000 0.000 -3.152
7:PRE-TENSION + -21.986 -0.035 0.000 0.000 0.000 -5.546
8:PRE-TENSION + -21.986 -0.035 -3.180 0.000 12.577 -5.546
9:PRE-TENSION + -36.565 0.204 0.000 0.000 0.000 -11.219
10:PRE-TENSION + -21.986 -0.035 -0.620 0.000 2.476 -5.546
11:PRE-TENSION + -28.938 -0.238 0.000 0.000 0.000 -8.698
8 9 1:PRE-TENSION -0.720 0.093 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.436
2:DL 11.165 2.177 0.000 0.000 0.000 5.110
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 3.180 -0.000 -12.577 0.000
4:GALLOPING 7.583 1.140 0.000 0.000 0.000 5.674
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 0.620 -0.000 -2.476 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 3.695 0.844 0.000 0.000 0.000 3.152
7:PRE-TENSION + 10.445 2.270 0.000 0.000 0.000 5.546
8:PRE-TENSION + 10.445 2.270 3.180 -0.000 -12.577 5.546
9:PRE-TENSION + 18.028 3.409 0.000 0.000 0.000 11.219
10:PRE-TENSION + 10.445 2.270 0.620 -0.000 -2.476 5.546
11:PRE-TENSION + 14.140 3.114 0.000 0.000 0.000 8.698
10 1:PRE-TENSION 0.720 -0.093 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.338
2:DL -11.121 -1.656 0.000 0.000 0.000 -3.100
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -3.180 0.000 9.238 0.000
4:GALLOPING -7.583 -1.140 0.000 0.000 0.000 -4.477
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -0.620 0.000 1.825 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED -3.695 -0.844 0.000 0.000 0.000 -2.266
7:PRE-TENSION + -10.400 -1.749 0.000 0.000 0.000 -3.439
8:PRE-TENSION + -10.400 -1.749 -3.180 0.000 9.238 -3.439
9:PRE-TENSION + -17.984 -2.888 0.000 0.000 0.000 -7.916
10:PRE-TENSION + -10.400 -1.749 -0.620 0.000 1.825 -3.439
11:PRE-TENSION + -14.095 -2.593 0.000 0.000 0.000 -5.704
9 10 1:PRE-TENSION -0.720 0.093 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.338
2:DL 11.112 1.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 3.100
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 2.430 0.000 -9.238 0.000
4:GALLOPING 7.583 1.140 0.000 0.000 0.000 4.477
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 0.480 0.000 -1.825 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 3.695 0.844 0.000 0.000 0.000 2.266
7:PRE-TENSION + 10.392 1.649 0.000 0.000 0.000 3.439
8:PRE-TENSION + 10.392 1.649 2.430 0.000 -9.238 3.439
9:PRE-TENSION + 17.975 2.789 0.000 0.000 0.000 7.916
10:PRE-TENSION + 10.392 1.649 0.480 0.000 -1.825 3.439
11:PRE-TENSION + 14.086 2.493 0.000 0.000 0.000 5.704
11 1:PRE-TENSION 0.720 -0.093 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.185
2:DL -11.046 -0.788 0.000 0.000 0.000 -1.175
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -2.430 -0.000 5.229 0.000
4:GALLOPING -7.583 -1.140 0.000 0.000 0.000 -2.597
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -0.480 -0.000 1.033 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED -3.695 -0.844 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.873
7:PRE-TENSION + -10.326 -0.880 0.000 0.000 0.000 -1.360
8:PRE-TENSION + -10.326 -0.880 -2.430 -0.000 5.229 -1.360
9:PRE-TENSION + -17.909 -2.020 0.000 0.000 0.000 -3.957
10:PRE-TENSION + -10.326 -0.880 -0.480 -0.000 1.033 -1.360
11:PRE-TENSION + -14.020 -1.725 0.000 0.000 0.000 -2.233
10 11 1:PRE-TENSION -0.720 0.093 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.185
2:DL 11.025 0.538 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.175
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 1.620 -0.000 -5.229 0.000
4:GALLOPING 7.523 0.442 0.000 0.000 0.000 2.597
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 0.320 -0.000 -1.033 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 3.680 0.675 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.873
7:PRE-TENSION + 10.305 0.631 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.360
8:PRE-TENSION + 10.305 0.631 1.620 -0.000 -5.229 1.360
9:PRE-TENSION + 17.828 1.073 0.000 0.000 0.000 3.957
10:PRE-TENSION + 10.305 0.631 0.320 -0.000 -1.033 1.360
11:PRE-TENSION + 13.985 1.306 0.000 0.000 0.000 2.233
12 1:PRE-TENSION 0.720 -0.093 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2:DL -10.952 0.313 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.964
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -1.620 0.000 1.989 0.000
07/07/2011
P a g e | 13

4:GALLOPING -7.523 -0.442 0.000 0.000 0.000 -1.712


5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -0.320 0.000 0.393 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED -3.612 0.122 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.416
7:PRE-TENSION + -10.232 0.220 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.964
8:PRE-TENSION + -10.232 0.220 -1.620 0.000 1.989 -0.964
9:PRE-TENSION + -17.755 -0.222 0.000 0.000 0.000 -2.676
10:PRE-TENSION + -10.232 0.220 -0.320 0.000 0.393 -0.964
11:PRE-TENSION + -13.843 0.343 0.000 0.000 0.000 -1.380
11 12 1:PRE-TENSION -0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.000
2:DL 0.088 1.025 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.964
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 1.620 0.000 -1.989 0.000
4:GALLOPING 0.119 1.395 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.712
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 0.320 0.000 -0.393 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 0.029 0.339 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.416
7:PRE-TENSION + 0.088 1.025 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.964
8:PRE-TENSION + 0.088 1.025 1.620 0.000 -1.989 0.964
9:PRE-TENSION + 0.207 2.420 0.000 0.000 0.000 2.676
10:PRE-TENSION + 0.088 1.025 0.320 0.000 -0.393 0.964
11:PRE-TENSION + 0.117 1.364 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.380
13 1:PRE-TENSION 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2:DL -0.051 -0.594 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.076
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -1.620 -0.000 0.206 0.000
4:GALLOPING -0.119 -1.395 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.178
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -0.320 -0.000 0.041 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED -0.029 -0.339 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.043
7:PRE-TENSION + -0.051 -0.594 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.076
8:PRE-TENSION + -0.051 -0.594 -1.620 -0.000 0.206 -0.076
9:PRE-TENSION + -0.170 -1.989 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.254
10:PRE-TENSION + -0.051 -0.594 -0.320 -0.000 0.041 -0.076
11:PRE-TENSION + -0.080 -0.933 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.119
12 13 1:PRE-TENSION 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2:DL 0.030 0.345 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.076
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 0.810 -0.000 -0.206 0.000
4:GALLOPING 0.060 0.697 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.178
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 0.160 -0.000 -0.041 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 0.015 0.169 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.043
7:PRE-TENSION + 0.030 0.345 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.076
8:PRE-TENSION + 0.030 0.345 0.810 -0.000 -0.206 0.076
9:PRE-TENSION + 0.089 1.043 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.254
10:PRE-TENSION + 0.030 0.345 0.160 -0.000 -0.041 0.076
11:PRE-TENSION + 0.044 0.515 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.119
4 1:PRE-TENSION 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2:DL -0.021 -0.249 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.000
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 -0.810 0.000 -0.000 0.000
4:GALLOPING -0.060 -0.697 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.000
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 -0.160 0.000 0.000 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED -0.015 -0.169 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
7:PRE-TENSION + -0.021 -0.249 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.000
8:PRE-TENSION + -0.021 -0.249 -0.810 0.000 -0.000 -0.000
9:PRE-TENSION + -0.081 -0.947 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.000
10:PRE-TENSION + -0.021 -0.249 -0.160 0.000 0.000 -0.000
11:PRE-TENSION + -0.036 -0.418 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.000
13 6 1:PRE-TENSION -1.416 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2:DL -12.347 0.039 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
4:GALLOPING -7.131 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED -3.320 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
7:PRE-TENSION + -13.764 0.039 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
8:PRE-TENSION + -13.764 0.039 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
9:PRE-TENSION + -20.894 0.039 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
10:PRE-TENSION + -13.764 0.039 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
11:PRE-TENSION + -17.083 0.039 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
9 1:PRE-TENSION 1.416 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2:DL 12.339 0.039 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
4:GALLOPING 7.131 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 3.320 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
7:PRE-TENSION + 13.755 0.039 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
8:PRE-TENSION + 13.755 0.039 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
9:PRE-TENSION + 20.886 0.039 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
10:PRE-TENSION + 13.755 0.039 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
07/07/2011
P a g e | 14

11:PRE-TENSION + 17.075 0.039 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000


14 6 1:PRE-TENSION -1.274 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2:DL -10.951 0.059 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
4:GALLOPING -7.465 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED -3.612 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
7:PRE-TENSION + -12.225 0.059 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
8:PRE-TENSION + -12.225 0.059 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
9:PRE-TENSION + -19.690 0.059 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
10:PRE-TENSION + -12.225 0.059 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
11:PRE-TENSION + -15.837 0.059 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
12 1:PRE-TENSION 1.274 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2:DL 10.946 0.059 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
4:GALLOPING 7.465 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 3.612 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
7:PRE-TENSION + 12.220 0.059 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
8:PRE-TENSION + 12.220 0.059 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
9:PRE-TENSION + 19.685 0.059 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
10:PRE-TENSION + 12.220 0.059 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
11:PRE-TENSION + 15.832 0.059 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

Reactions
Horizontal Vertical Horizontal Moment
FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
Node L/C
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
1 1:PRE-TENSION -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2:DL -0.000 30.334 0.000 0.000 0.000 70.814
3:WIND 0.000 0.000 13.670 88.557 -74.459 0.000
4:GALLOPING -0.000 3.500 0.000 0.000 0.000 38.398
5:WIND GUST 0.000 0.000 3.160 20.275 -16.157 0.000
6:TRUCK INDUCED 0.000 1.310 0.000 0.000 0.000 17.066
7:PRE-TENSION + -0.000 30.334 0.000 0.000 0.000 70.814
8:PRE-TENSION + -0.000 30.334 13.670 88.557 -74.459 70.814
9:PRE-TENSION + -0.000 33.834 0.000 0.000 0.000 109.212
10:PRE-TENSION + -0.000 30.334 3.160 20.275 -16.157 70.814
11:PRE-TENSION + -0.000 31.644 0.000 0.000 0.000 87.880

07/07/2011
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

12- DRAWING/SKETCHES
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

13. CODE (AASHTO) RELEVANT PAGES/DRAG


COEFFICIENT CALCULATION
DRAG COEFFICIENT CALCULATION FOR ARM

Section One (tip of the arm A/F= 200mm )


CORNER RADIUS OF BENDING r 14 mm
INSCRIBED CIRCLE RADIUS R 100 mm
RATIO OF CORNER RADIUS TO
RADIUS OF INSCRIBED CIRCLE rc 0,14

VELOCITY V 45 m/s
WIDTH d 0,2 m
2 2
Cv.V.d 9 m /s this value is between 5,33m /s
and 10,66 m2/s
then
Cd = 1,37+1,08 rc -‫ݒܥ‬Ǥ ܸǤ ݀ -‫ݒܥ‬Ǥ ܸǤ ݀Ǥ ‫ܿݎ‬
ͳͻǡͺ ͶǡͻͶ AASHTO TABLE 3-6
= 0,81

Section Two (bottom of the arm A/F= 370mm )


CORNER RADIUS OF BENDING r 14 mm
INSCRIBED CIRCLE RADIUS R 185 mm
RATIO OF CORNER RADIUS TO
RADIUS OF INSCRIBED CIRCLE rc 0,08

VELOCITY V 45 m/s
WIDTH d 0,37 m
2 2
Cv.V.d 16,65 m /s this value is >10,66 m /s

then
Cd = 0,83-1,08rc
AASHTO TABLE 3-6
= 0,75
GALVA COAT for GALVANIZING & LIGHTING POLES

RESULT
The proposed 15M arm traffic pole structure is
satisfactory to all design criteria mentioned in
AASHTO .

- Nothing follows -