You are on page 1of 9

NEW YORK CITY COMPTROLLER

SCOTT M. STRINGER

NYC Department of Correction


FYs 2008-18 OPERATING EXPENDITURES, JAIL
POPULATION, COST PER DETAINEE, STAFFING
RATIOS, PERFORMANCE MEASURE
OUTCOMES, AND OVERTIME

New York City Comptroller’s Office


Budget Bureau
January 2019
NEW YORK CITY COMPTROLLER SCOTT M. STRINGER Budget Bureau | 1
Detainee Population Continues to Decline; Costs Continue to Rise

Department of Correction Budget and Detainee Population


Expenditures Average Daily Detainee Population (ADP)
14,000 13,850
13,362 $1.39B
13,049 $1.36B $1.40B
12,790 $1.29B
12,000 12,287
11,827 11,408
$1.15B $1.20B
$1.07B $1.08B $1.10B
$1.04B

DOC Expenditures ($billions)


10,000 $1.0B $1.01B 10,240 9,790
$0.95B 9,500 $1.0B
Detainee Population

8,896
8,000
ADP $0.80B
FELL TO
6,000 37-YEAR $0.60B
RECORD
LOW IN
4,000 $0.40B
FY18

2,000 $0.20B

0 $0.0B
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Source: Comprehensive Annual Financial Reports of the Comptroller for FY 2008 - 2018, NYC Financial Management System, Mayor’s Management Reports for FY 2008 through 2018.

NEW YORK CITY COMPTROLLER SCOTT M. STRINGER Budget Bureau | 2


Full Cost per Detainee up 66% since FY 2014

Total Annual and Daily Cost per Detainee, Including Costs Funded Outside the
$900
Department of Correction Budget
$500,000 $828
$800
Annual Non-DOC Costs per Detainee (Fringe Benefits, Pensions, and Medical Services) $756
$700
$400,000 Annual DOC Cost per Detainee $670
Annual Cost per Detainee

$600

Daily Cost per Detainee


$588 $302,296
Total Daily Cost per Inmate
$275,986
$300,000 $499 $500
$468 $244,643
$444
$214,788 $400
$395 $145,521
$354 $371 $170,768 $182,309
$200,000 $162,127 $132,857
$321 $144,176 $112,623 $300
$129,215 $135,324 $102,123
$117,232 $86,076
$74,739 $79,616 $200
$100,000 $54,693 $58,170 $62,881
$48,512
$143,130 $156,775
$112,665 $132,019 $100
$74,521 $77,154 $81,295 $87,388 $91,153 $96,232
$68,721
$0 $0
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018*
*Fringe benefit and pension costs are estimated as of April 2018.
Full cost excludes debt service, judgments and claims, and legal services. In FY 2017, debt service added daily costs of $54 per detainee, and tort claim settlements and judgments
added $11 per detainee per day. Fringe benefits include the cost of retiree health insurance.
Source: Comprehensive Annual Financial Reports of the Comptroller for FY 2008 - 2018, NYC Office of Management and Budget Message of the Mayor and Budget Function Analysis
for FY 2010 – FY 2019, NYC Financial Management System, Mayor’s Management Reports for FY 2008 – FY 2018.

NEW YORK CITY COMPTROLLER SCOTT M. STRINGER Budget Bureau | 3


Ratio of Correction Officers to Detainees Rises to 1.2:1 in FY 2018

Correction Officers to Detainee Ratio


Uniformed Employee to Detainee Ratio Number of Uniformed Employees 1.20
12,000 1.14 1.20

10,862 10,653
1.00
10,000 9,832 1.00

Uniformed Employee to Detainee Ratio


9,149 9,068 8,991 0.86
Number of Uniformed Employees

8,772 8,540 8,922


8,456 0.78 8,756
8,000 0.76 0.80
0.68 0.67 0.70 OFFICER
0.66 0.66
TO
6,000 DETAINEE 0.60
RATIO
WAS
1.2:1 IN
4,000 0.40
FY18

2,000 0.20

0 0.00
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Source: NYC Comptroller’s Comprehensive Annual Financial Report FY 2008 – 2018, Mayor’s Management Report for FY 2008 – 2018.

NEW YORK CITY COMPTROLLER SCOTT M. STRINGER Budget Bureau | 4


Overtime Spending Fell in FY 2018

Agencywide Overtime Cost Relative to Jail Population


Agencywide Overtime (OT) Expense OT Expense per Detainee
$300 $30,000
$275 $28,045
$266
$28,074
$250
OVERTIME FELL IN FY18 BUT IS $24,925
$25,000
STILL 59% HIGHER THAN FY14
Overtime ($millions)

$222

OT Expense per Detainee


$196
$200 $20,000
$19,166
$155
$145 $139
$150 $15,000
$114 $13,071
$107 $11,773 $12,189
$99 $97
$100 $10,000
$8,900
$7,755 $7,398 $7,465
$50 $5,000

$0 $0
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Overtime per detainee represents the total overtime expense divided by the average daily jail population. The average overtime payment earned by uniformed DOC employees
was $18,595 in FY18. Source: Comprehensive Annual Financial Reports of the Comptroller for FY 2008 – 2018, NYC Financial Management System, Mayor’s Management Reports
for FY 2008 – 2018.
NEW YORK CITY COMPTROLLER SCOTT M. STRINGER Budget Bureau | 5
Rate of Fight/Assault Infractions Remained High

Fight/Assault Infractions
(per 1,000 Average Daily Population)
1,600

1,400
1,332 1,354
Fight/Assault Infractions (per 1,000 ADP)

1,200
1,148

1,000
920
FIGHT/
800 774 ASSAULT
INFRACTION
615 644 RATE
600 573 581
501 REMAINED
441 ELEVATED IN
400
FY18

200

-
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Source: Mayor’s Management Reports for FY 2008 – 2018.

NEW YORK CITY COMPTROLLER SCOTT M. STRINGER Budget Bureau | 6


Rate of Detainee Assaults on Staff up 10%

Detainee Assaults on Staff


(per 1,000 Average Daily Population)
120.0
110.4
103.2 100.8
100.0
Detainee Assaults on Staff (per 1,000 ADP)

94.8

80.0
70.8

60.0 FY18
56.4
RATE OF
48.0 DETAINEE
40.0 42.0 ASSAULTS
38.4 ON STAFF
34.8
30.8 UP 10%
20.0

-
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Source: Mayor’s Management Reports for FYs 2008 through 2018.

NEW YORK CITY COMPTROLLER SCOTT M. STRINGER Budget Bureau | 7


Rate of Use of Force Incidents & Allegations up 18%

Use of Force by Correction Officer on Detainee


(Incidents and Allegations per 1,000 Average Daily Population)
700
Use of Force by Correction Officer (per 1,000 ADP)

628
600

538 534
500
471

400
370
USE OF
300 289 FORCE
RATE UP
231 18% IN
200 FY18
164 170 178
138
100

0
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Source: Mayor’s Management Reports for FY 2008 – 2018.

NEW YORK CITY COMPTROLLER SCOTT M. STRINGER Budget Bureau | 8


Personal Injury Tort Claims up 2%

Tort Claims Filed for Personal Injury at a City Correction Facility*


4,500

4,000
3,836 3,894
3,661
3,500

3,000
Tort Claims Filed

2,795
2,500 CLAIMS FOR
2,241 PERSONAL
2,000 INJURY AT A
1,595 1,657 CORRECTION
1,500 FACILITY
1,188 1,183 NEARLY
1,000 1,061 1,044
QUADRUPLED
FROM FY08
500 TO FY18
0
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

*Includes claims by detainees or employees of City correction institutions or facilities who were allegedly injured by the actions of City employees or detainees.
Source: NYC Comptroller’s Office, Claims Report: Fiscal Year 2018.

NEW YORK CITY COMPTROLLER SCOTT M. STRINGER Budget Bureau | 9