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Finite Element Method (FEM)

(Frame)

Course code: NTME 637


3 sks

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Introduction
Frame element

Each node has 3 DOF (2 displacement


(x, y) and 1 rotation (Rz)).

ui1= displacement in x-axis direction


ui2= displacement in y-axis direction
ui3= Rotation based on z-axis

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Stiffness matrix for Beam
u1x u1y 𝜽𝟏 u2x u2y 𝜽𝟐

u1x
u1y
𝜽𝟏
u2x
u2y
𝜽𝟐

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Stiffness matrix for Truss

𝑬𝑨
𝒌=
𝑳

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Stiffness matrix for Truss
u1x u1y 𝜽𝟏 u2x u2y 𝜽𝟐

u1x
u1y
𝜽𝟏
u2x
u2y
𝜽𝟐

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Stiffness matrix for Frame on LOCAL Coordinate System
u1x u1y 𝜽𝟏 u2x u2y 𝜽𝟐

u1x
u1y

𝜽𝟏

u2x

u2y

𝜽𝟐

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Transformation the Stiffness matrix
from LOCAL to GLOBAL Coordinate System

Frame element

Transformation matrix

[𝑻] =

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Example 1
E=30x106 lb/in2
w A=7,65 in2
I=204 in4
w=800 lb/in
1 E,I,A 2
t= 9 in

Determine:
Displacements & Rotation at node 2
Reaction force and Moment at node 1,3
3

L=10 in

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Example 2
E=30x106 psi
w
I=65 in4
P A=6,8 in2
w=500 lb/in
1 2 P=3000 lb
t= 8 in

E,I,A Determine:
Displacements &Rotation at node 1,2
Reaction force and Moment at node 1,3
3 4

L=12 in

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Example 2
P 2
E=30x106 psi
w I=65 in4
A=6,8 in2
t= 8 in

w=500 lb/in
E,I,A
P=3000 lb

1 300 Determine:
3
Displacements &Rotation at node 2
L=12 in Reaction force and Moment at node
1,3

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