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BODY COMPOSITION

ANALYSER
BODY COMPOSITION
Human body comprises of water,
fat, minerals, proteins and fat

Body Composition Analysis is a


physical test that measures the
proportion of the various
components of a person’s body

Common methods of Body


Composition Analysis are :-
• Basic Metabolic Index (BMI)
• Skin fold Caliper Testing
• Biochemical Impedance
• Hydrostatic Weighing
BIO ELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE ANALYSIS (BIA)

Impedance to flow of electric current is related to body’s fat content.

Maximum Capacity of 270 kgs.

Age range of 5 to 99 years.

Measures Weight, Body fat %, Fat Mass, Fat Free Mass,


Muscle Mass, Total Body Water, BMR, Metabolic Age, Bone Mass,
Visceral Fat Rating and BMI of an individual.
BODY FAT %
FAT LEVEL MEN (%) WOMEN (%)

LOW 10 - 15 15 – 20

AVERAGE 15 - 20 20 - 25

NORMAL 20 - 25 25 - 30

HIGH > 25 > 30


FAT- FREE MASS (FFM)
FFM is sum of whole body lean tissue and whole body bone
mineral mass.

Bone Mass is synonymous with Bone Mineral Content.


Normal value is 6 lbs for women and around 8 lbs for men.

VISCERAL FAT is the amount of fat around organs. An


indicator of Diabetes, CVD and Metabolic Syndrome.
TOTAL BODY WATER (TBW)
Intracellular and Extracellular.

TBW for a lean adult male is 60 – 65 % and lean adult female


is 50 – 55 %.

A person considered fat has a TBW of 45 % or lower.


BASAL METABOLIC RATE (BMR)
BMR is affected by various factors like Age, Gender, Sleep,
Hormones, Genes, Mental and Physical Stress etc.

VALUE DEGREE
ABOVE 2000 HIGH ENERGY
1800 - 2000 AVERAGE ENERGY
1500 - 1800 NORMAL ENERGY
1200 - 1500 LOW ENERGY
BELOW 1200 WARNING
METABOLIC AGE

Number that comes from comparing your BMR with the average
BMR of your chronological age group.

Eg… If your biological age is 20, if your metabolic age is nearing


or equal to your biological age then it is a sign of good health
and nutrition.
BODY – MASS INDEX (BMI)
ƒ BMI is calculated as a ratio of weight in kgs divided by
height in sq meters.
VALUE DEGREE
15 - 20 UNDERWEIGHT
20 - 25 NORMAL
25 - 30 OVERWEIGHT
30 - 35 OBESE (CLASS 1)
35 - 40 OBESE (CLASS 2)
ABOVE 40 OBESE (CLASS 3)
SIGNIFICANCE OF BCA
a Useful as a Health Risk Screening Tool
a First step in a Nutrition care process

a It helps diagnose and classify Obesity

a Assesses your Fitness Training program (health clubs etc)


a It acts a source of motivation for a person who is making necessary
nutrition and lifestyle changes
THANK YOU