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## Design Of Superstructure

### CONTENTS( Part B)

 Chapter No. Description Page No. 1 Introduction 2 Design philosophy 3 Design data 4 Analysis Results ( i ) Longitudinal Analysis 5 Cable profile 6 Loss calculation Friction and slip I . ii. Creep losses iii. Shrinkage losses iv. Relaxation losses v. Elastic shortening 7 Stress check 8 Temperature stress check 9 Ultimate strength calculation Annexure A Section prpperties B Transverse analysis and design C End block design D End diaphgram design E Bearing forces F Staad input i. Longitudinal

ii. Transverse

### Chapter 1

Design philosophy

• 1 DESCRIPTION OF THE SUPERSTRUCTURE GEOMETRY Carriageway Width Overall width Width of Crash Barrier Kerb width Cross slope Thickness of wearing course C/C of the Bearings Soffit width of box girder Depth of Box girder Concrete Grade Reinforcement steel Grade

7.5 m 10 m 0.45 m 1.25 m 2.5% Unidirectional 100 mm 40 m 6 m 2.5 m M 45 Fe 500

 Bridge span arrangement Bridge length (c/c of exp. gap) 42 m Span Arrangement (c/c of bearing.) 40 m
• 2 DESIGN STANDARDS

2.1 Codes & Standards

The design of various components of the bridge, in general are based on provisions of IRC/IS Codes. Wherever IRC code is silent, reference is made to other Indian/International codes and standards. The list of IRC Codes (latest revisions) given below will serve as a guide for the design of structures.

IRC: 5-1998

IRC: 6-2010

IRC: 21-2000

IRC: 18-2000

Standard Specifications and Code of Practice for Road Bridges, Section I – General Features of Design.

Standard Specifications and Code of Practice for Road Bridges, Section-II – Loads and Stresses\

Standard Specifications and Code of Practice for Road Bridges, Section-III – Cement Concrete.

Design Criteria for Prestressed Concrete Road Bridges (Post Tensioned Concrete) (Third Revision).

3

• 3.2 Super Imposed Dead Load (SIDL) Unit weight for superimposed dead load shall be in conformity with IRC :6. For calculating the dead weight due to wearing coat, thickness of 100mm shall be taken considering future overlay.

• 3.3 Carriageway and safety Kerb Live Load (LL)

Two Lanes of Class A or one Lane of Class 70R conforming to IRC 6-2000 shall be considered in analysis and which ever producing severe effect shall be considered in design.

• 3.4 Creep and Shrinkage Provisions of IRC 18 for creep and shrinkage is followed for prestressing losses with time.

• 4 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

• 4.1 Longitudinal Analysis of the PSC Box Girder The analysis has been done using STAAD Pro software. For logitudinal analysis line anlaysis has been performed and tansverse analysis is performed by using centreline model.

• 5 PRESTRESSING Prestressing tendon profiles for various tendons are developed by giving input at control points and smooth parabolic curves are fit with the geometry. Basic Design Considerations It is proposed to use 19T13 tendons conforming to Class 2 of IS 14268 (low relaxation strands) with Corrugated HDPE sheathing for prestressing Values of friction and wobble coefficient (m and k) for prestressing strands shall be considered as

• m = 0.17 and k = 0.0020. Refer Table 5 IRC : 18-2000.

Relaxation losses shall be computed considering relaxation loss of 4.5% at 0.8 UTS and 2.5% at 0.7 UTS for intermediate values, linear interpolation shall be done

Ultimate resistance in flexure shall be checked against yielding of steel and against crushing of concrete as per Cl-12 of IRC: 18.

Maximum jack pressure shall be considered as 76.5% of ultimate force

Section cracked or uncracked in flexure has been decided on the basis of whether the maximum ultimate capacity in shear is governed by cracked or uncracked capacity. Where uncracked capacity governs the relief due to prestressed force shall be added to the shear capacity of the section obtained based on CL. 14.15 of IRC: 18.

The stresses shall be checked for 20% higher time dependent losses like creep shrinkage, relaxation etc. as per Cl. 7.2.4 of IRC: 18

Duct diameter (Internal) is considered as 90 mm. Clear cover protecting Cable from the nearest concrete surface is kept as 75mm as per IRC: 18-2000.

• 22 nos of 19T13 tendons are proposed. Stressing of tendons shall be done in two stages , first at

• 14 days after the casting of soffit slab and web and second at 28 days after the casting of deck

slab.

• 6 LOAD COMBINATION Load combination has been done as per Table – 1 clause 202.3 of IRC - 6 : 2000 and clause 5.2 IRC 18 : 2000

• 7 STRESS CHECKS Stresses are checked at different locations in various load combinations as per IRC - 6 : 2000 and IRC 18 : 2000

### Chapter 3

Design data

Structural data

Type of superstructure Type of expansion joint Type of bearing Erection Prestress Jack type Type of sheathing Statical system

Dimensional system

PSC Box Gider (Single cell) Strip seal type Elastomeric bearing

Post-tensioning 1800 MG Multipull jack Corrugated HDPE (85mm ID, min 2.5 mm thick ) Simply supported

 Span c/c of expansion joint 42 m Span c/c of bearing 40 m Depth of superstructure 2.5 m thickness of wearing coat 0.1 m Overall deck width 10 m Carriage-way width 7.5 m Crash barrier width 0.45 m kerb width width 1.25 Median NO
 Material Grade of concrete superstructure M 45 crash barrier M 40 approach slab M 30
 Concrete of superstructure characteristic strength of concrete fck 45 N/mm 2 33541 N/mm 2 Equivlaent cylinder strength 0.8fck Age at transfer Concrete strength at transfer fci 36 N/mm 2 14 days 36 N/mm 2 Unit weight Modulus of elasticity Ec 24 KN/m 3 Modulus of elasticity at transfer Eci 30000 N/mm 2

Prestressing strand

Stress relieved 7-ply class 2 low-relaxation strands (IS 14268)

Nominal dia Area/strand Breaking load/strand Ultimate tensile strength 0.1% proof strength Maximum jack pressure Relaxation grade

fpk

12.7 mm 98.7 mm 2 183.7 Mpa 1861.2 Mpa 1582.0 Mpa 1423.8 Mpa low relaxation

 Prestressing tendon Type of cable 19 T 13 No of cables in web 6 No of cables in soffit slab 5 Cable no. Prestressing stage No of Area Prestressing force strand to 6 1 Stage 1 19 1875.3 2670 KN to10 7 Stage 2 19 1875.3 2670 KN cable no 11 in soffit is partially prestressed 1335 KN frcition coefficient m 0.17 wooble coefficient k 0.0020 slip modulus of elasticity 0.006 mm 195000 N/mm 2 Stage of prestressing 1st stage@ Critical loading stages for Analysis 14 days number of tendons 6 2nd stage @ 28 days number of tendons 5 Prestressign from both ends Stage 1 prestressing @ 14 days Stage 2 prestressing @ 28 days SIDL addition@ 50 days At service 5000 days Permissible stresses in concrete at transfer of prestress Stage 1 Allowable compressive stress 18 Allowable tensile stress -1.8 Stage 2 Allowable compressive stress 22.5 Allowable tensile stress -2.25 At Service : Allowable compressive stress 15 Allowable tensile stress 0
 Sign convention ecentricity of tendon,e +ve below centroid of concrete section -ve above centroid of concrete section Bending Moment +ve hogging moment -ve sagging moment Stresses +ve compressive -ve tensile Units

Units for bending moment, force, stress and distance are to be taken as kNm, kN, Mpa and m respectively unless otherwise mentioned.

### Chapter 4

Analysis results

• 4.1 Bending moment and shear force results of D.L and SIDL.

 Dead Load SIDL Section Modulus in m 3 Dist from Node Fy KN Mz KNm L/C Fy KN Mz KNm Zb Zt c/l supp. 1 1 3436 0 2 1278 0 5.61 Support 6.13 2 -2651 12174 -1022 4601 5.61 <----L/16 6.13 2 2 2651 -12174 2 1022 -4601 5.61 6.13 3 -1906 21289 -767 8179 5.07 <-----L/8 6.02 3 3 1906 -21289 2 767 -8179 5.07 6.02 4 -1243 27588 -511 10735 4.34 <------L/4 5.87 4 4 1243 -27588 2 511 -10735 4.34 5.87 5 -622 31317 -256 12269 4.34 5.87 5 5 622 -31317 2 256 -12269 4.34 5.87 6 0 32560 0 12780 4.34 <-----L/2 5.87 6 6 0 -32560 2 0 -12780 4.34 5.87 7 622 31317 256 12269 4.34 5.87 7 7 -622 -31317 2 -256 -12269 4.34 5.87 8 1243 27588 511 10735 4.34 <------L/4 5.87 8 8 -1243 -27588 2 -511 -10735 4.34 5.87 9 1906 21289 767 8179 5.07 <-----L/8 6.02 9 9 -1906 -21289 2 -767 -8179 5.07 6.02 10 2651 12174 1022 4601 5.61 <----L/16 6.13 10 10 -2651 -12174 2 -1022 -4601 5.61 6.13 11 3436 0 1278 0 5.61 Support 6.13 4.2 Reaction summary Node DL SIDL Class A 70 R DL+SIDL+IF*LL KN KN KN KN KN 1 1 3630 1278 823 855 5847 2 11 3630 1278 841 787 5831

4.3 Live load analysis result summary without I.F

 Beam Node Env 70Rw w/o IF CLASS A w/o IF Section Modulus in m 3 Dist from Fy KN Mz KNm Fy KN Mz KNm Zb Zt c/l supp. 1 1 +ve 855 0 823 0 5.61 6.13 -ve 0 0 0 0 5.61 6.13 <--Supp 1 2 +ve 745 0 701 0 5.61 6.13 -ve -8 -3028 -9 -2857 5.61 6.13 2 2 +ve 745 0 701 0 5.61 6.13 <-- L/16 -ve -8 -3028 -9 -2857 5.61 6.13 2 3 +ve 647 0 592 0 5.07 6.02 -ve -35 -5300 -52 -5096 5.07 6.02 3 3 +ve 647 0 592 0 5.07 6.02 <-- L/8 -ve -35 -5300 -52 -5096 5.07 6.02 3 4 +ve 549 0 483 0 4.34 5.87 -ve -108 -6899 -114 -6718 4.34 5.87 4 4 +ve 549 0 483 0 4.34 5.87 <-- L/4 -ve -108 -6899 -114 -6718 4.34 5.87 4 5 +ve 450 0 375 0 4.34 5.87 -ve -207 -7884 -199 -7722 4.34 5.87 5 5 +ve 450 0 375 0 4.34 5.87 -ve -207 -7884 -199 -7722 4.34 5.87 5 6 +ve 352 0 266 0 4.34 5.87 -ve -305 -8215 -307 -8119 4.34 5.87 6 6 +ve 352 0 266 0 4.34 5.87 <-- L/2 -ve -305 -8215 -307 -8119 4.34 5.87 6 7 +ve 254 0 165 0 4.34 5.87 -ve -403 -7858 -416 -8057 4.34 5.87 7 7 +ve 254 0 165 0 4.34 5.87 -ve -403 -7858 -416 -8057 4.34 5.87 7 8 +ve 160 0 93 0 4.34 5.87 -ve -501 -6797 -525 -7168 4.34 5.87 8 8 +ve 160 0 93 0 4.34 5.87 <-- L/4 -ve -501 -6797 -525 -7168 4.34 5.87 8 9 +ve 77 0 45 0 5.07 6.02 -ve -599 -5118 -633 -5516 5.07 6.02 9 9 +ve 77 0 45 0 5.07 6.02 <-- L/8 -ve -599 -5118 -633 -5516 5.07 6.02 9 10 +ve 23 0 13 0 5.61 6.13 -ve -697 -2794 -741 -3008 5.61 6.13 10 +ve 10 23 0 13 0 5.61 6.13 <-- L/16 -ve -697 -2794 -741 -3008 5.61 6.13 10 +ve 11 0 0 0 0 5.61 6.13 -ve -787 0 -841 0 5.61 6.13 <--Supp

4.4 Live load analysis result summary with I.F

 for class A Impact factor = 1.10 For 70 R Impact factor = 1.10 Beam Node Env 70Rw with IF CLASS A with IF Section Modulus in m 3 Dist from Fy KN Mz KNm Fy KN Mz KNm Zb Zt c/l supp. 1 1 +ve 939 0 903 0 5.61 6.13 -ve 0 0 0 0 5.61 6.13 <--Supp 1 2 +ve 818 0 769 0 5.61 6.13 -ve -8 -3324 -9 -3136 5.61 6.13 2 2 +ve 818 0 769 0 5.61 6.13 <-- L/16 -ve -8 -3324 -9 -3136 5.61 6.13 2 3 +ve 710 0 650 0 5.07 6.02 -ve -39 -5819 -57 -5595 5.07 6.02 3 3 +ve 710 0 650 0 5.07 6.02 <-- L/8 -ve -39 -5819 -57 -5595 5.07 6.02 3 4 +ve 602 0 531 0 4.34 5.87 -ve -119 -7574 -125 -7375 4.34 5.87 4 4 +ve 602 0 531 0 4.34 5.87 <-- L/4 -ve -119 -7574 -125 -7375 4.34 5.87 4 5 +ve 495 0 411 0 4.34 5.87 -ve -227 -8655 -218 -8478 4.34 5.87 5 5 +ve 495 0 411 0 4.34 5.87 -ve -227 -8655 -218 -8478 4.34 5.87 5 6 +ve 387 0 292 0 4.34 5.87 -ve -334 -9018 -337 -8913 4.34 5.87 6 6 +ve 387 0 292 0 4.34 5.87 <-- L/2 -ve -334 -9018 -337 -8913 4.34 5.87 6 7 +ve 279 0 181 0 4.34 5.87 -ve -442 -8627 -457 -8845 4.34 5.87 7 7 +ve 279 0 181 0 4.34 5.87 -ve -442 -8627 -457 -8845 4.34 5.87 7 8 +ve 176 0 102 0 4.34 5.87 -ve -550 -7462 -576 -7870 4.34 5.87 8 8 +ve 176 0 102 0 4.34 5.87 <-- L/4 -ve -550 -7462 -576 -7870 4.34 5.87 8 9 +ve 84 0 49 0 5.07 6.02 -ve -657 -5618 -695 -6055 5.07 6.02 9 9 +ve 84 0 49 0 5.07 6.02 <-- L/8 -ve -657 -5618 -695 -6055 5.07 6.02 9 10 +ve 26 0 15 0 5.61 6.13 -ve -765 -3067 -814 -3302 5.61 6.13 10 +ve 10 26 0 15 0 5.61 6.13 <-- L/16 -ve -765 -3067 -814 -3302 5.61 6.13 10 +ve 11 0 0 0 0 5.61 6.13 -ve -864 0 -923 0 5.61 6.13 <--Supp

### Chapter 5

Cable profile

5.1 Vertical ordinates of center line of cable from the soffit of slab.

 Cable No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 C.G.S C.G.S Distance from exp. Joint (m) Cables in web Cables in soffit slab Stage 1 Stage 2 0 2.15 1.8 1.45 1.1 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 1.28 0.81 1 2.00 1.66 1.34 1.01 0.69 0.37 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 1.18 0.75 2 1.85 1.53 1.24 0.92 0.64 0.35 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 1.09 0.70 3 1.71 1.40 1.15 0.84 0.58 0.33 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.22 1.00 0.64 4 1.58 1.28 1.06 0.76 0.53 0.31 0.21 0.21 0.21 0.21 0.21 0.92 0.60 5 1.45 1.17 0.97 0.69 0.49 0.28 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.84 0.55 6 1.33 1.07 0.89 0.62 0.44 0.27 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.77 0.51 7 1.23 0.97 0.81 0.56 0.40 0.25 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.70 0.47 8 1.12 0.88 0.74 0.50 0.36 0.23 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.64 0.43 9 1.03 0.79 0.68 0.44 0.33 0.21 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.58 0.39 10 0.94 0.72 0.62 0.39 0.30 0.20 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.53 0.36 11 0.86 0.64 0.56 0.35 0.27 0.19 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.48 0.33 12 0.79 0.58 0.52 0.30 0.24 0.18 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.43 0.30 13 0.73 0.52 0.47 0.27 0.22 0.16 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.39 0.28 14 0.67 0.47 0.43 0.23 0.19 0.16 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.36 0.26 15 0.62 0.43 0.40 0.20 0.18 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.33 0.24 16 0.58 0.39 0.37 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.30 0.23 17 0.55 0.36 0.35 0.16 0.15 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.28 0.21 18 0.52 0.34 0.33 0.14 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.27 0.20 19 0 . 50 0 . 32 0 . 32 0 . 13 0 . 13 0 . 13 0 . 13 0 . 13 0 . 13 0 . 13 0 . 13 0 . 25 0 . 20 20 0.49 0.31 0.31 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.25 0.19 21 0.485 0.305 0.305 0.125 0.125 0.125 0.125 0.125 0.125 0.125 0.125 0.25 0.19

5.2 Deviation of alignment in plan

 Cable No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Distance from Distance from mid of box girder exp. Joint (m) 0.10 0.10 -0.08 0.10 -0.08 -0.26 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.700 2.700 2.700 2.700 2.260 2.700 2.700 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 1 2.705 2.705 2.696 2.705 2.260 2.696 2.687 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 2 2.710 2.710 2.692 2.705 2.260 2.692 2.674 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 3 2.715 2.715 2.688 2.705 2.260 2.688 2.661 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 4 2.720 2.720 2.684 2.705 2.260 2.684 2.648 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 5 2.725 2.725 2.680 2.705 2.260 2.680 2.635 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 6 2 . 730 2 . 730 2 . 676 2 . 705 2 . 676 2 . 622 2 . 260 1 . 910 1 . 560 1 . 210 0 . 860 7 2.735 2.735 2.672 2.705 2.260 2.672 2.609 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 8 2.740 2.740 2.668 2.705 2.260 2.668 2.596 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 9 2.745 2.745 2.664 2.705 2.260 2.664 2.583 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 10 2.750 2.750 2.660 2.705 2.260 2.660 2.570 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 11 2.755 2.755 2.656 2.705 2.260 2.656 2.557 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 12 2.760 2.760 2.652 2.705 2.260 2.652 2.544 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 13 2.765 2.765 2.648 2.705 2.260 2.648 2.531 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 14 2.770 2.770 2.644 2.705 2.260 2.644 2.518 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 15 2.775 2.775 2.640 2.705 2.260 2.640 2.505 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 16 2.780 2.780 2.636 2.705 2.260 2.636 2.492 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 17 2.785 2.785 2.632 2.705 2.260 2.632 2.479 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 18 2.790 2.790 2.628 2.705 2.260 2.628 2.466 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 19 2.795 2.795 2.624 2.705 2.260 2.624 2.453 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 20 2.800 2.800 2.620 2.705 2.260 2.620 2.440 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860 21 2.800 2.800 2.620 2.800 2.620 2.440 2.260 1.910 1.560 1.210 0.860
X1
20

5.3 Length of cable

 Distance from exp. Joint (m) 1 2 3 6 5 4 7 8 9 10 11 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 1.01 2.02 3.03 4.04 5.05 6.06 7.06 8 . 07 9.07 0 0 2.02 2.01 8 . 05 10.08 10.06 11.08 11.06 12.08 12.07 13.08 13.07 14.08 14.07 15.09 15.07 16.09 16.07 17.09 17.07 18.09 18.07 19.09 19.07 20.09 20.07 21.09 21.07 1.01 1.01 3.03 3.02 4.03 4.02 5.04 5.02 6.04 6.03 7.05 7.03 8 . 03 9.06 9.03 10.04 11.04 12.04 13.04 14.04 15.04 16.04 17.04 18.04 19.04 20.04 21.04 0 0 8 . 02 0 0 0 1.00 1.00 2.01 2.00 3.01 3.00 4.01 4.00 5.02 5.00 6.02 6.00 7.02 7.00 8 . 01 9.02 9.00 10.03 10.00 10.01 11.03 11.00 11.01 12.03 12.00 12.01 13.03 13.00 13.01 14.03 14.00 14.01 15.03 15.00 15.01 16.03 16.00 16.01 17.03 17.00 17.01 18.03 18.00 18.01 19.03 19.00 19.01 20.03 20.00 20.01 21.03 21.00 21.01 1.00 1.00 2.00 2.00 3.00 3.00 4.01 4.00 5.01 5.00 6.01 6.00 7.01 7.00 8 . 00 9.01 9.00 8 . 00 1.00 1.00 2.00 2.00 3.00 3.00 4.00 4.00 5.00 5.00 6.00 6.00 7.00 7.00 8 . 00 9.00 9.00 10.00 10.00 11.00 11.00 12.00 12.00 13.00 13.00 14.00 14.00 15.00 15.00 16.00 16.00 17.00 17.00 18.00 18.00 19.00 19.00 20.00 20.00 21.00 21.00 0 0 8 . 00 0 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8 . 00 9.00 10.00 10.00 10.00 11.00 11.00 11.00 12.00 12.00 12.00 13.00 13.00 13.00 14.00 14.00 14.00 15.00 15.00 15.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 17.00 17.00 17.00 18.00 18.00 18.00 19.00 19.00 19.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 21.00 21.00 21.00 0 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8 . 00 9.00 Length (m) Total length 21.09 21.07 42.18 42.14 21.04 42.08 21.03 21.00 21.01 42.07 42.00 42.03 21.00 21.00 42.01 42.00 21.00 21.00 21.00 42.00 42.00 42.00

5.4 Angle in elevation

 Distance from 1 2 3 4 5 8 10 11 Eq cabl. Eq cabl. exp. Joint (m) 6 7 9 for stg 1 for stg 2 0 -0.15 -0.14 -0.11 -0.09 -0.06 -0.03 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.10 -0.06 1 -0.15 -0.13 -0.10 -0.09 -0.06 -0.02 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.09 -0.05 2 -0.14 -0.13 -0.10 -0.08 -0.05 -0.02 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.09 -0.05 3 -0.13 -0.12 -0.09 -0.08 -0.05 -0.02 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.08 -0.05 4 -0.12 -0.11 -0.09 -0.07 -0.05 -0.02 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.08 -0.05 5 -0.12 -0.11 -0.08 -0.07 -0.04 -0.02 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.07 -0.04 6 -0.11 -0.10 -0.08 -0.06 -0.04 -0.02 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.07 -0.04 7 -0.10 -0.09 -0.07 -0.06 -0.04 -0.02 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.06 -0.04 8 -0 . 09 -0 . 08 -0 . 06 -0 . 06 -0 . 04 -0 . 02 -0 . 01 -0 . 01 -0 . 01 -0 . 01 -0 . 01 -0 . 06 -0 . 04 9 -0.09 -0.08 -0.06 -0.05 -0.03 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.05 -0.03 10 -0.08 -0.07 -0.05 -0.05 -0.03 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.05 -0.03 11 -0.07 12 -0.06 13 -0.06 14 -0.05 15 -0.04 16 -0.03 17 -0.03 18 -0.02 19 -0.01 20 0.00 0.00 21 0.00 0.00 -0.06 -0.06 -0.05 -0.04 -0.04 -0.03 -0.02 -0.02 -0.01 0.00 0.00 -0.05 -0.04 -0.04 -0.03 -0.03 -0.02 -0.02 -0.01 -0.01 -0.04 -0.04 -0.03 -0.03 -0.02 -0.02 -0.02 -0.01 -0.01 0.00 0.00 -0.03 -0.02 -0.02 -0.02 -0.02 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.01 -0.01 0.00 -0.04 0.00 -0.04 0.00 -0.03 0.00 -0.03 0.00 -0.02 0.00 -0.02 0.00 -0.01 0.00 -0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.01 0.00 -0.02 0.00 0.00 -0.02 0.00 0.00 -0.02 0.00 0.00 -0.02 0.00 0.00 -0.01 0.00 0.00 -0.01 0.00 0.00 -0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.04 -0.03

5.5 Cumulative angle in radians through which the tangent to the cable profile has turned in elevation.

 Distance from exp. Joint (m) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 0 0 0.00 0.00