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Diode in DC & AC

Circuits
ECE104 – Basic Electronics
Contents
• Diode in DC Circuit
• Series Diode Configurations
• Parallel Diode Configurations
• Series – Parallel Diode Configurations
• Diode in AC Circuit
• Half – Wave
• Full – Wave
Diode in DC Circuit
Series Diode Configurations
• Determine 𝑉𝑂 and 𝐼𝐷 for the networks below.

1𝑘2Ω
𝑆𝑖 8𝑉 𝑉𝑜

−5 𝑉 𝑉𝑜
4𝑘7Ω

𝐼𝐷
2𝑘2Ω
𝑆𝑖 𝐼𝐷
Series Diode Configurations
• EWB Simulation
Series Diode Configurations
• Determine the current 𝐼 for each of the configurations
below using the approximate equivalent model for the
diode.

20 V 𝐼
D1 D1
10 𝑆𝑖
𝐼 𝑆𝑖
10 V 10

D2
20 𝑆𝑖
Series Diode Configurations
• EWB Simulation
Series Diode Configurations
• Determine 𝑉𝑜 and 𝐼𝐷 for the networks below.
𝐼𝐷
D1 𝑉𝑂 𝐼𝐷
𝑆𝑖 20 𝑉 −5 𝑉
10mA + 6𝑘8 𝑆𝑖
2.2k 1.2k 𝑉𝑂

Series Diode Configurations
• EWB Simulation
Parallel & series – Parallel Configurations
• Determine 𝑉𝑜 and 𝐼𝐷 for the networks below.
15V 16V
𝑉𝑂 1

R1 R2 𝑉𝑂 2
𝑆𝑖 D1
41k 𝐼𝐷 0.4k
D2 D1
𝑆𝑖 𝑆𝑖 𝐼𝐷
20 V D1 D2
𝐼𝐷 𝑆𝑖 𝐺𝑒
D2 D3
𝑆𝑖 𝑆𝑖
𝑉𝑂
R1 𝑉𝑂
2.2k R1
4.7k

-5V 12V
Series Diode Configurations
• EWB Simulation
Problem Set #1: Diode in DC Circuit
• Complete the table below using the circuit as shown.
𝑆𝑖
𝑆𝑖 𝑉𝑖 1
𝑉𝑖 1
𝑆𝑖
𝑆𝑖 𝑉𝑖 2 𝑉𝑜
𝑉𝑖 2 𝑉𝑜


𝑉𝑖 1 𝑉𝑖 2 𝑉𝑜 𝑉𝑖 1 𝑉𝑖 2 𝑉𝑜
0𝑉 0𝑉 0𝑉 0𝑉
0𝑉 10 𝑉 0𝑉 −5 𝑉
10 𝑉 0𝑉 −5 𝑉 0𝑉
10 𝑉 10 𝑉 −5 𝑉 −5 𝑉
Diode in AC Circuit
Half-Wave Rectification with Sinusoidal Input
• Assuming an ideal diode, sketch 𝑣𝑖 , 𝑣𝑑 , and 𝑖𝑑 for the half-
wave rectifier of figure below. The input is a sinusoidal
waveform with a frequency of 60 Hz.
𝑖𝑑

𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑎𝑙 𝑉𝑑𝑐 = 2𝑉
+
+ 𝑣𝑑 −
𝑣𝑖
2𝑘2

Half-Wave Rectification with Sinusoidal Input
• EWB Simulation

𝑖𝑛𝑝𝑢𝑡 𝑠𝑖𝑔𝑛𝑎𝑙, 𝑣𝑖

𝑉𝑜𝑑𝑐 𝑣𝑜𝑙𝑡𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑤𝑎𝑣𝑒𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑚 𝑎𝑐𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑠 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑑𝑖𝑜𝑑𝑒, 𝑣𝑑


Half-Wave Rectification with Sinusoidal Input
• For the network of figure below, sketch 𝑣𝑜 and determine
𝑉𝑜𝐷𝐶 .
2𝐾2

+ +
𝑅1

𝑣𝑖 = 110𝑉 𝑟𝑚𝑠 𝐷1 𝑣𝑜
𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑎𝑙

− −
Half-Wave Rectification with Sinusoidal Input
• EWB Simulation
- Circuit
- 𝑉𝑜𝑑𝑐
Half-Wave Rectification with Sinusoidal Input
• EWB Simulation
- Resulting Waveforms

𝑖𝑛𝑝𝑢𝑡 𝑠𝑖𝑔𝑛𝑎𝑙

𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑝𝑢𝑡 𝑠𝑖𝑔𝑛𝑎𝑙
Full-Wave Rectification with Sinusoidal Input
• Bridge Network
• Determine the output waveform for the network of figure
below and calculate the output dc level

+10 𝑉
1
𝑆𝑖 𝑆𝑖
4
𝑣𝑖 𝑣𝑖
3 2 +
𝑆𝑖 𝑆𝑖

𝑉𝑜𝑑𝑐 1.0k
−10 𝑉


Full-Wave Rectification with Sinusoidal Input
• Center – Tapped Transformer Full – Wave Rectifier
• Determine the output waveform for the network of figure
below and calculate the output dc level
D1
+200 𝑉 +
𝑆𝑖
T1 𝑉𝑜𝑑𝑐 1.0k

𝑣𝑖

10: 1
D2
−200 𝑉

𝑆𝑖
XSC1
Center – Tapped Transformer G

A B

T1

10: 1

Secondary Voltage 1
Primary Voltage Secondary Voltage 2
Problem Set #2: Diode in AC Circuit
• Determine and sketch the output waveform for the network
below and calculate the output dc level. Show the details of
your work.

+10 𝑉
D1 D2
𝑣𝑖
𝑣𝑖 − 𝑣𝑜 +

2.0k

−10 𝑉 2.0k 2.0k


End