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Circuits

ECE104 – Basic Electronics

Contents

• Diode in DC Circuit

• Series Diode Configurations

• Parallel Diode Configurations

• Series – Parallel Diode Configurations

• Diode in AC Circuit

• Half – Wave

• Full – Wave

Diode in DC Circuit

Series Diode Configurations

• Determine 𝑉𝑂 and 𝐼𝐷 for the networks below.

1𝑘2Ω

𝑆𝑖 8𝑉 𝑉𝑜

−5 𝑉 𝑉𝑜

4𝑘7Ω

𝐼𝐷

2𝑘2Ω

𝑆𝑖 𝐼𝐷

Series Diode Configurations

• EWB Simulation

Series Diode Configurations

• Determine the current 𝐼 for each of the configurations

below using the approximate equivalent model for the

diode.

20 V 𝐼

D1 D1

10 𝑆𝑖

𝐼 𝑆𝑖

10 V 10

D2

20 𝑆𝑖

Series Diode Configurations

• EWB Simulation

Series Diode Configurations

• Determine 𝑉𝑜 and 𝐼𝐷 for the networks below.

𝐼𝐷

D1 𝑉𝑂 𝐼𝐷

𝑆𝑖 20 𝑉 −5 𝑉

10mA + 6𝑘8 𝑆𝑖

2.2k 1.2k 𝑉𝑂

−

Series Diode Configurations

• EWB Simulation

Parallel & series – Parallel Configurations

• Determine 𝑉𝑜 and 𝐼𝐷 for the networks below.

15V 16V

𝑉𝑂 1

R1 R2 𝑉𝑂 2

𝑆𝑖 D1

41k 𝐼𝐷 0.4k

D2 D1

𝑆𝑖 𝑆𝑖 𝐼𝐷

20 V D1 D2

𝐼𝐷 𝑆𝑖 𝐺𝑒

D2 D3

𝑆𝑖 𝑆𝑖

𝑉𝑂

R1 𝑉𝑂

2.2k R1

4.7k

-5V 12V

Series Diode Configurations

• EWB Simulation

Problem Set #1: Diode in DC Circuit

• Complete the table below using the circuit as shown.

𝑆𝑖

𝑆𝑖 𝑉𝑖 1

𝑉𝑖 1

𝑆𝑖

𝑆𝑖 𝑉𝑖 2 𝑉𝑜

𝑉𝑖 2 𝑉𝑜

−

𝑉𝑖 1 𝑉𝑖 2 𝑉𝑜 𝑉𝑖 1 𝑉𝑖 2 𝑉𝑜

0𝑉 0𝑉 0𝑉 0𝑉

0𝑉 10 𝑉 0𝑉 −5 𝑉

10 𝑉 0𝑉 −5 𝑉 0𝑉

10 𝑉 10 𝑉 −5 𝑉 −5 𝑉

Diode in AC Circuit

Half-Wave Rectification with Sinusoidal Input

• Assuming an ideal diode, sketch 𝑣𝑖 , 𝑣𝑑 , and 𝑖𝑑 for the half-

wave rectifier of figure below. The input is a sinusoidal

waveform with a frequency of 60 Hz.

𝑖𝑑

𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑎𝑙 𝑉𝑑𝑐 = 2𝑉

+

+ 𝑣𝑑 −

𝑣𝑖

2𝑘2

−

Half-Wave Rectification with Sinusoidal Input

• EWB Simulation

𝑖𝑛𝑝𝑢𝑡 𝑠𝑖𝑔𝑛𝑎𝑙, 𝑣𝑖

Half-Wave Rectification with Sinusoidal Input

• For the network of figure below, sketch 𝑣𝑜 and determine

𝑉𝑜𝐷𝐶 .

2𝐾2

+ +

𝑅1

𝑣𝑖 = 110𝑉 𝑟𝑚𝑠 𝐷1 𝑣𝑜

𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑎𝑙

− −

Half-Wave Rectification with Sinusoidal Input

• EWB Simulation

- Circuit

- 𝑉𝑜𝑑𝑐

Half-Wave Rectification with Sinusoidal Input

• EWB Simulation

- Resulting Waveforms

𝑖𝑛𝑝𝑢𝑡 𝑠𝑖𝑔𝑛𝑎𝑙

𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑝𝑢𝑡 𝑠𝑖𝑔𝑛𝑎𝑙

Full-Wave Rectification with Sinusoidal Input

• Bridge Network

• Determine the output waveform for the network of figure

below and calculate the output dc level

+10 𝑉

1

𝑆𝑖 𝑆𝑖

4

𝑣𝑖 𝑣𝑖

3 2 +

𝑆𝑖 𝑆𝑖

𝑉𝑜𝑑𝑐 1.0k

−10 𝑉

−

Full-Wave Rectification with Sinusoidal Input

• Center – Tapped Transformer Full – Wave Rectifier

• Determine the output waveform for the network of figure

below and calculate the output dc level

D1

+200 𝑉 +

𝑆𝑖

T1 𝑉𝑜𝑑𝑐 1.0k

−

𝑣𝑖

10: 1

D2

−200 𝑉

𝑆𝑖

XSC1

Center – Tapped Transformer G

A B

T1

10: 1

Secondary Voltage 1

Primary Voltage Secondary Voltage 2

Problem Set #2: Diode in AC Circuit

• Determine and sketch the output waveform for the network

below and calculate the output dc level. Show the details of

your work.

+10 𝑉

D1 D2

𝑣𝑖

𝑣𝑖 − 𝑣𝑜 +

2.0k

End

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