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Republic Act 9003

–The Ecological Solid Waste Under RA 9003, solid waste shall

Management of 2000 not include:

An Act providing for an ecological 1. Waste identified or listed as

solid waste management program, hazardous waste (either solid,
creating the necessary institutional liquid, gaseous or in semisolid
mechanisms, declaring certain form) which may cause or
prohibited acts. contribute to death, serious or
incapacitating illness, or acute/
chronic effect on the health of
Was passed by the Congress and persons and other organisms;
Senate on December 2000. Signed
by the President on January 26,
2001. 2. Infectious waste from hospitals
such as:
a) Equipment, instruments, utensils
Objectives of the Law:
and disposable fomites (things that
-measures to promote a more may carry infectious organisms
acceptable system which such as used gauze, surgical gloves,
corresponds to the vision of syringes) from patients suspected to
sustainable development. have or have been diagnosed as
- aims to merge environmental having communicable diseases;
protection with economic pursuits,
recognizing the re-orientation of the
b) Laboratory wastes such as
community’s view on solid waste,
pathological specimens (i.e., all
thereby providing schemes for
tissues, specimens of blood
waste minimization, volume
elements, excreta, and secretions
reduction, resource recovery
obtained from patients or laboratory
utilization and disposal.
animals) and disposable fomites that
may harbor or transmit pathogenic
Composed of 14 members from the
government sector and three
members from the private sector.
Role of the DENR as the Lead
1. DENR;
Agency :
2.Department of Interior and Local
- Provide technical and other
Government (DILG);
capability building assistance and
3.Department of Science and support to LGUs.
Technology (DOST);
- Recommend policies to eliminate
4. Department of Public Works and barriers to waste reduction
Highways (DPWH); programs.
5. Department of Health (DOH); - Issue rules and regulations.
6. Department of Trade and Industry
Prohibited acts and Penalties (Sec
7. Department of Agriculture (DA); 48 and 49)
8. Metro Manila Development The fines and penalties depend on
Authority (MMDA); the Prohibited Acts that is
committed. It ranges from P300.00
9. League of Provincial Governors;
to P1,000,000.00 and/or
10. League of City Mayors; imprisonment of 1 day to 6 years.
11. League of Municipal Mayors; Kind of Cases may be Filled:
12. Association of Barangay 1.Civil
13. Technical Education and Skills
Development Authority
(TESDA); and
RA 9003 provides that no case or
14. Philippine Information Agency
suit can be filed until after a public
officer or alleged violator has been
given a 30-day notice during which (d) The site must be chosen with
no appropriate action has been taken regard for the sensitivities of the
by the alleged offender. community's residents;

(e) The site must be located in an

area where the landfill's operation
The law provides that the fine and/or
will not detrimentally affect
penalty shall be imposed UPON
environmentally sensitive resources
such as aquifer, groundwater
The requirement of conviction reservoir or watershed area;
means that a case has to be filed in
court against a person who commits
a prohibited act and judgment has to (f) The site should be large enough
be rendered by the court finding the to accommodate the community's
person guilty of committing the wastes for a period of five (5) years
prohibited act. during which people must
internalize the value of
environmentally sound and
Criteria for Siting a Sanitary sustainable solid waste disposal;
(a) The site selected must be
(g) The site chosen should facilitate
consistent with the overall land use
developing a landfill that will satisfy
plan of the LGU;
budgetary constraints, including site
development, operation for many
(b) The site must be accessible from years, closure, post-closure care and
major roadways or thoroughfares; possible remediation costs;

(c) The site should have an adequate (h) Operating plans must include
quantity of earth cover material that provisions for coordinating with
is easily handled and compacted; recycling and resource recovery
projects; and
(i) Designation of a separate person, including LGUs, which
containment area for household constitutes the use of open dumps
hazardous wastes. for solid wastes, be allowed after the
effectivity of this Acts: Provided,
That within three (3) years after the
effectivity of this Act, every LGU
shall convert its open dumps into
controlled dumps

Section 21. Mandatory Segregation

of Solid Waste

The LGUs shall evaluate alternative Miscellaneous Provisions

roles for the public and private
sectors in providing collection
1. Aim to develop public awareness
services, type of collection system,
of the ill-effects of and the
or combination of systems, that best
community based solution on solid
meet their needs: Provided, That
waste management.
segregation of wastes shall
primarily be conducted at the
source, to include household,
2. Concentrate on activities which
institutional, industrial, commercial
are feasible and which will have the
and agricultural sources
greatest impact on solid waste
problem on the country, like
resource conservation and recovery,
Section 37. Prohibition Against the
recycling, segregation at source, re-
Use of Open Dumps for Solid Waste
use, reduction, and composting of
solid waste.
No open dumps shall be established
and operated, nor any practice or
3.Encourage the general public,
disposal of solid waste by any
accredited NGO’s and people’s
organization to publicity endorse
and patronize environmentally
acceptable products and packaging