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The poem elicit feelings of annoyance toward

the character speaking to God. In the poem,

although God stated that he created men, the
man acted indifferently towards God, saying
that he does not mean to hurt him but only
measure him. He also introduced himself as
"Genius" which sounded too superior and
didn't have considerations for who he is
speaking to.

God said, "I made a man out of clay-

God (in third person point of view) begins speaking here directly to someone or something (not
explained yet) and he simply speaks a general "fact" that he created mankind out of clay, perhaps an
ode to Greek myth and/or perhaps referring to a common conception of mankind being "molded" by a
higher deity

But so bright he, he spun

Himself to brightest Day
Till he was all shining gold, and oh,
He was handsome to behold!

these lines continue with the molding imagery as its subject, but relay its meaning to a simple
compliment to our mankind/his creation..we were able to be ordinary beings made from clay to
wonderful ("handsome") creatures

But in his hands held he a bow

Aimed at me who created him.

God's creation is turning hostile towards him (i.e. Frankenstein and his monster)
And I said, "Wouldst murder me
Who am thy Fountainhead!"

God (in first person now) is questioning why his creation would turn against him, him being a
fountainhead (mankind's source-see source note below)

Then spoke he the man of gold:

"I will not
Murder thee! I do but measure thee.
Hold thy peace.'

mankinds rebuttal to a confused God, basically states mankind will not act against God, but God will be
under a watchful eye (measure thee) and demands God to be peaceful with his new creation

And this I did.

God agrees to mankind's terms in first person but is curious who this "regal head" (kingly like leader) is
in front of him because it is clearly not his original creation and he demands an answer from mankind
('Give thy name!')

'Sir! Genius.'
mankind, God's creation, responds that this "regal head" is actually "genius" which could be viewed as
the personification of Genius as an evolved form of human being wary of God's power

Jose Garcia Villa revitalizes the beauty behind wit in his poem, “Untitled.” This piece is a
humorous take of the Genesis meta-narrative focusing on the cunning and philosophical nature
of man in the face of his creator. Using the most basic and universal elements of poetry, he
defamiliarizes human nature, the supremacy of a divine providence, and the relationship between
the two.

One aspect of poetry that is highlighted in Villa’s masterpiece his unique choice of words.
Instead of using normal English or Filipino, he uses Old English to better emphasize the timeless
nature of the Genesis narrative. It asserts that the poem is “set” when God created man and first
conversed with him, similar to the beginnings of English and its use as a communicative

Villa utilizes the element of sound through a distinct rhyming scheme. This puts stress on the
fact that the Genesis account isn’t just a reading from the Bible; it is an evolving part of oral
tradition that exhibits the creative faculties of those who spread it. More often the not, when a
story is passed on from generation to generation, the storyteller employs a rhyming scheme to
make it more appealing to the audience. This is a form of defamiliarization given that a plain
story is repackaged into verse, which is more enjoyable because its form is much more artistic,
meaningful, and creative.

However, the crux of “Untitled” focuses on the defamiliarization man and his relationship with
his creator. In bible accounts, man is always portrayed as subservient to God. Humanity is
described as fickle and ignorant: characteristics that will eventually lead them to their
banishment from the Garden of Eden. However, Villa, in his poem, portrays man as wise and
clever. God, on the other hand, is subdued by the wit of humanity, to the point that He refers to
him as “Sir” and “Genius.”

This reversal of roles makes the creation meta-narrative different from convention, but at the
same time consistent to to human nature. It is common knowledge that man is a very clever and
witty being, but this theme has been always been overused that its artistic value has diminished
over time. Villa expressed this theme in a completely different way: he used Genesis account as
a medium. By doing so, the Genesis narrative and human wit are shown in a unique way, without
sacrificing consistency with the original plot structure and theme. The end product is a beautiful
poem that everyone can relate to, minus the cliche.

“Untitled” restores the humor in wit. By using various elements of poetry, Villa makes a one of a
kind satire of man and his relationship with his creator. However, beauty is not limited to the
artfulness of the elements; the entire piece in general can be considered a work of beauty. The
image of humanity is defamiliarized in satire, the beauty of satire originates from wit, and wit
begins with something untitled.