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## PHYSICAL SCIENCES - CONTROL TEST

Time: 1 hours Marks: 46

## Answer all questions on the paper provided.

Refer to the data sheet where necessary.
Non programmable calculators may be used.
QUESTION 1

There are four possible options for each answer in the following questions. Each question has
only ONE correct answer. Choose the correct answer and write only A, B, C or D next to the
question number.

1.1 A force, F, acts on a body of mass, m, and produces an acceleration, a. If you double
mass of the body while the force remains constant, the acceleration will …

A increase to 4a
1
B decrease to a
4
1
C decrease to a
2
D increase to 2a

(3)

1.2 An object has a mass m on the surface of the Earth. A rocket transports the object to a
planet that has a mass 8 times that of the Earth and a radius twice that of the Earth.
Which of the following is the mass of the object on the planet?

A 8m
B 4m
C 2m
D m

(3)

[6]

QUESTION 2

Indicate whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE. Write only ‘True’ or ‘False’ next
to the question number. If the statement is FALSE, write down the correct statement.
2.1 The inertia that an object has depends on the resultant force that acts on it.

(2)

2.2 The gravitational constant, G, will be different if you measure it on another planet.

(2)

[4]

2
QUESTION 3

Give one word or term for each of the following descriptions. Write only the word or term next to
the question number.

3.1 The force experienced by an object on or near the surface of the Earth

(1)

3.2 A perpendicular force exerted by a surface on an object in contact with the surface

(1)

[2]
QUESTION 4

In rugby, a scrum consists of a group of eight players from each team. Each group of eight
players is a pack and each pack faces each other. Each pack pushes against the pack from the
opposing team to try and move them backwards. In a rugby match, the South African pack
exerts a force on the English pack. According to one of Newton’s laws of motion, the English
pack exerts an equal and opposite force on the South African pack.

4.1 Identify which of Newton’s laws of motion is referred to in the paragraph above.

(1)

4.2 Explain how the South African pack is able to move the English pack backwards.

(4)

[5]
QUESTION 5

Most new models of cars have airbags as a standard safety requirement. Car manufacturers
design airbags to inflate when a car is involved in a collision.

## 5.1 State Newton’s first law of motion in words.

(3)

5.2 Name the property of matter to which Newton’s first law of motion relates.

(2)

5.3 Mention ONE other safety device that is fitted to cars to prevent injuries due to the
effects of Newton’s first law of motion.

(2)

[7]

QUESTION 6
3
An object of mass m rests on the surface of a planet of mass M.

6.1 Write an equation for the weight of the object in terms of m and g, where g is the
acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the planet.

(2)

6.2 Write the equation for the weight of the object in terms of M and R, where R is the
radius of the planet.

(2)

6.3 Combine the two equations in questions 6.1 and 6.2 to show that g does not depend on
m but only on M and R.

(3)

1 1
6.4 The mass of the planet is approximately th the mass of the Earth. Its radius is
80 4
the radius of the Earth. Use the equation you derived in question 6.3 to show that g at
1
the planet’s surface is about th of the value of g on the Earth.
5

(5)

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QUESTION 7

You pull a block along a rough horizontal table with a force of 14 N and a constant velocity.
When you increase the pulling force to 31 N, the block accelerates at 8,5 ms–2.

## Calculate the following.

7.1 the frictional force between the block and the table

(2)

## 7.2 the mass of the block

(4)

4
7.3 the coefficient of kinetic friction, k, between the block and the table

(4)

[10]

[TOTAL: 46 marks]