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What is a steel tee


2019-01-27

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What is a steel tee?

The steel tee is a pipe fitting and a pipe joint. Used to change the direction of the fluid,
used in the branch pipe of the main pipe.

The three-way is a chemical pipe fitting with three openings, namely one inlet and two
outlets; or two inlets and one outlet, having T-shaped and Y-shaped shapes, with
equal-diameter nozzles and different diameter nozzles. Three identical or different
pipeline collections.

Classification of pipe tees What is an equal tee


What is a reducing tee What is a lateral tee
What is a barred tee What is a forged tee
Production process of pipe tee Factory inspection of pipe tee

Classification of pipe tees

Pipe tees are classified according to pipe diameter

1. Equre tee (or straight tee): the three-way main pipe with the same pipe diameter
2. Reducing tee: the tee with smaller pipe diameter than the main pipe diameter

Pipe tees are classified according to the docking form

1. Butt-welded tee: It is a tee fitting that is welded after the butt joint is connected.
2. Socket tee: It is a three-way pipe fitting that is welded or welded after the
connecting pipe fittings are inserted into the ends of the tee.
3. Card sleeve type tee: It is the tee fitting which is the ferrule joint at each end and
the tube is inserted and then fastened.
4. Threaded tee: A three-way pipe fitting that connects the pipe fittings in a threaded
manner.

Pipe tees can be divided into stainless steel tees, carbon steel tees, copper tees, etc.
according to the material classification.

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What is an equal tee?

The equal tee is one of the pipe tees. The three pipes of the equal-diameter tee have the
same caliber.
Equal-diameter tee is widely used in the construction and maintenance of petrochemical,
oil and gas, liquefied petroleum gas, chemical fertilizer, power plant, nuclear power,
shipbuilding, papermaking, pharmaceutical, food hygiene, urban construction and other
industries. In the industry, the pressure of such pipe fittings is relatively high, the
maximum pressure can reach 600 kg, and the water pressure in the living is low, generally
16 kg.
Because the pipe tees can be used in a variety of industries, they can be divided into the
following categories by different types:

1. Divided into carbon steel, cast steel, alloy steel, stainless steel, copper, aluminum
alloy, and so on.
2. Divided by the production method can be divided into top system, pressing,
forging, casting and so on.
3. According to the manufacturing standards, it can be divided into national standard,
electric standard, water standard,American standard, German standard,
Japanese standard and Russian standard.

The equal tee is the same diameter at both ends, and the method is as follows: For
example, the “T3” tee indicates that the outer diameter is a 3-inch equal-diameter tee.
The material of the equal-diameter tee is generally 10# 20# A3 Q235A 20g 20G 16Mn
ASTM A234 ASTM A105 ASTM A403, etc.
The outer diameter of the equal-diameter tee ranges from 2.5″ to 60″, and the 26″-60″ is a
welded tee. The wall thickness is 28-60mm.

The pressure levels of the equal-diameter tees are Sch5s, Sch10s, Sch10, Sch20, Sch30,
Sch40s, STD, Sch40, Sch60, Sch80s, XS; Sch80, Sch100, Sch120, Sch140, Sch160,
XXS.

ASME B16.9 Butt weld Equal Tee Dimensions

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Outside diameter Center-to-End


Nominal Pipe Size
at bevel Run (C) Outlet(M)

1/2″ 21.3 25 25

3/4″ 26.7 29 29

1″ 33.4 38 38

1 1/4″ 42.2 48 48

1 1/2″ 48.3 57 57

2″ 60.3 64 64

2 1/2″ 73.0 76 76

3″ 88.9 86 86

3 1/2″ 101.6 95 95

4″ 114.3 105 105

5″ 141.3 124 124

6″ 168.3 143 143

8″ 219.1 178 178

10″ 273.0 216 216

12″ 323.8 254 254

14″ 355.6 279 279

16″ 406.4 305 305

18″ 457.0 343 343

20″ 508.0 381 381

22″ 559.0 419 419

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24″ 610.0 432 432

The dimensions are in millimeters

What is a reducing tee?

The branch pipe is different from the other two diameters called the reducer tee. The
same diameter at both ends is called an equal diameter tee. Reducing tee is widely used
in the construction and overhaul of petrochemical, oil and gas, liquefied petroleum gas,
chemical fertilizer, power plant, nuclear power, shipbuilding, papermaking,
pharmaceutical, food hygiene, urban construction and other industries. In the industry, the
pressure of such pipe fittings is relatively high, the maximum pressure can reach 600 kg,
and the water pressure in the living is low, generally 16 kg.
For the reducer tee, the method is as follows: For example, “T4 x 4 x 3.5” means a
reducer with a diameter of 3.5 inches and a diameter of 3.5 inches.
The material of the reducer tee is generally 10# 20# A3 Q235A 20g 20G 16Mn ASTM
A234 ASTM A105 ASTMA403, etc.
The outer diameter of the reducer tee ranges from 2.5″ to 60″, and from 26″ to 60″ is the
weld tee. The wall thickness is 28-60mm.
The wall thickness of the reducer tee is: Sch5s, Sch10s, Sch10, Sch20, Sch30, Sch40s,
STD, Sch40, Sch60, Sch80s, XS; Sch80, Sch100, Sch120, Sch140, Sch160, XXS.
The pipe tees can be used in a variety of industries, and can be divided into the following
categories by different types:
1. Divided by the production method can be divided into top system, pressing, forging,
casting and so on.

2. According to the manufacturing standards, it can be divided into national standard,


electric standard, water standard, American standard, German standard, Japanese
standard and Russian standard.

Dimensions and Standards of straight tees and reducing tees

When we talk about a tee NPS 3, a equal or straight tee is intended. With a tee NPS 3 x 2
a reducing tee is intended. Although, officially a reducing tee will be indicated by 3
diameters, namely 3 x 3 x 2 (A x B x C). The A & B measure stands for the Nominal Pipe
Size of Run-Pipe, C measure stands for Nominal Pipe Size of Outlet.

This designation actually is superfluous, but comes from the time that tees were available
in 3 different ends of diameters, such as

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4 x 3 x 2 (A x B x C). In this implementation of course it is necessary, to specify 3 different


sizes.

That kind of tees is probably no longer available. Applying a equal tee with a concentric or
eccentric reducer is now the usual practice.

A straight or equal buttwelding Tee is available for all common diameters.

A Reducing Tee not, because many diameters are not produced, or can not be produced.

As an example: a reducing tee NPS 6 x 4 is a standard item for most suppliers, but a
reducing tee NPS 16 x 2 is probably not available by any supplier.

It would also not economical to use a NPS 16 tee with a NPS 2 outlet; in such situations a
Branch Fitting will be used or a Branch Connection will be made.

What is a lateral tee?

A Lateral tee is one kind of tee fittings, which has a 45 degree branch from a pipeline: (45°
Lateral Tee). It is a kind of steel pipe tee, but the branch direction is different with the
straight tee. On the contrary to the lateral tee,the straight tee has a branch pipe direction
of 90 degree to the run pipe.

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Materials

Carbon steel: ASTM/ASME A234 WPB-WPC


Alloy steel: ASTM/ASME A234 WP 1-WP 12-WP 11-WP 22-WP 5-WP 91-WP 911
Stainless steel: ASTM/ASME A403 WP 304-304L-304H-304LN-304N

ASTM/ASME A403 WP 316-316L-316H-316LN-316N-316Ti

ASTM/ASME A403 WP 321-321H ASTM/ASME A403 WP


347-347H
Low temperature steel: ASTM/ASME A402 WPL 3-WPL 6
High performance steel: ASTM/ASME A860 WPHY 42-46-52-60-65-70

Size range: 1/2 to 72 inches


Pressure: SCH5 to SCH160

APPLICATIONS OF LATERAL TEES:

lateral tees are widely used in various commercial and industrial applications. Industrial
applications include:

 Chemical processing
 Petroleum
 Pulp/paper
 Refining
 Textile
 Waste treatment, Marine
 Utilities/power generation
 Industrial equipment
 Automotive

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 Gas compression and distribution industries


 Pipe Tees are also recommended for industrial plant fluid power systems.

Type of the lateral pipe fittings:

Lateral pipe fittings have two types: lateral tee and latrolet (also called Lateral Outlet).

The lateral tee’s shape is like a pipe tee, the butt welding lateral tees are made from steel
pipes or forgings, the manufacturing standard is ASME B16.9. there are also the forged
lateral tee produced refer to ASME B16.11,the ends are socket welding and threaded.

ANSI/ASME B16.11 Forged Steel Lateral Tee dimensions:

1/4″ to 4″ class 2000 threaded,1/8″ to 4″ class 3000 threaded,1/8″ to 4 ” class 6000


threaded

1
1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 1 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 4
Class 1/4
2000 1 1 3 4
A– 7/8 31/32 1 1/8 1 1/2 2 2 3/8 3
5/16 3/4 3/8 3/16

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1 1 1 1 2 3 3 4 5
B– 29/32 2 1/2
1/16 5/16 9/16 27/32 7/32 1/32 11/16 5/16 3/4
1
1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 1 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 4
1/4
Class 1 3 4
A 7/8 31/32 1 1/8 1 1/2 1 3/4 2 2 3/8 2 1/2 3 1/4
3000 5/16 3/4 1/2
1 1 1 1 2 2 3 3 4
B 29/32 4 6
1/16 5/16 9/16 27/32 7/32 1/2 1/32 11/32 3/4
1
1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 1 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 4
1/4
Class 1 2 4 4
A 31/32 1 1/8 1 1/2 1 3/4 2 2 1/2 3 1/4 3 3/4
6000 5/16 3/8 3/16 1/2
1 1 1 2 3 3 5
B 1 1/6 2 1/2 4 4 3/4 6
5/16 9/16 27/32 7/32 1/32 11/32 3/4

The latrolet’s shape likes a pipe outlet,and the ends of the products could be butt
welding,socket welding or threaded.The products’ standard is according to
MSS-SP97,which is the same with the outlets products.

MSS-SP97 Latrolet Dimensions:

Dimensions

Out-le CL 3000 CL 6000


Standard Sch. 160
NB t Threaded Threaded
& XS Butt and XXS
Size and Socket and Socket
Weld Butt Weld
Weld Weld
A B C E A B C E A B C E A B C
2 1/2 – 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1
1/4
1 1/4 9/1 11/3 7/1 9/16 9/1 11/3 7/1 9/16 5/16 3/32 7/16 9/16 9/16 5/16 7/1

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6 2 6 6 2 6 6
12 – 3
1 2 1 1 2 1 1
2 1/2 – 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2
3/8 9/1 11/3 7/1 9/1 11/3 7/1 7/1
1 1/4 9/16 9/16 5/16 3/32 7/16 9/16 9/16 5/16
6 2 6 6 2 6 6
12 – 3
1 2 1
2 1/2 – 1 1 2 1 1
1/2 9/1 11/3 7/1
1 1/4 9/16 3/8 5/32 7/16 9/16
6 2 6
12 – 3
1 1/2 –
1 1/4
1 1
1 2 1 2 1
5–2 1/2 29/3 13/1
7/8 3/4 3/4 3/4 3/4
2 6
12 – 6
1 1/2 –
1 1/4
1 1 2 1
1 2 1 1
5–2 3/4 29/3 11/1 17/3 29/3
7/8 3/4 3/4 3/4
2 6 2 2
12 – 6
2 1/2 –
2
2
3 2 2 2 3 2
5–3 3/4 3/1
1/4 1/8 3/16 1/8 1/4 1/8
6
12 – 6
2 1/2 –
2
2 3 2 1 3
3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
5–3 1 3/1 21/3 15/3 31/3 3 13/1
1/4 1/8 3/16 1/2 5/8 1/8 3/16 1/2 5/8
6 2 2 2 6
12 – 6
2 1/2 –
2
3 2 3 3 2
2 2 2 4 2 2 2 2 4
5–3 1 1/4 27/3 15/1 1/3 19/3 15/3 3
1/2 5/8 3/4 7/32 5/8 9/32 5/8 3/4 1/4
2 6 2 2 2
12 – 6
2 1/2 –
2
5–3 1 1/2 2 4 3 2 3 3 2

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3/4 7/32 1/3 15/3 31/3 1/32 5/8


2 2 2
12 – 6
5–4
3 5 4 3 3 5 4
8–6 1 1/2
3/8 7/16 1/8 5/32 3/8 3/8 1/8
12 – 10
5–4
3
3 5 4 3 3 5 4 3 3 5 4
8–6 2 13/3
3/8 7/16 1/8 5/32 3/8 7/16 1/8 5/32 3/16 1/4 1/8
2
12 – 10
5–4
3 5 4 3
8–6 2 1/2
5/32 3/16 1/8 5/32
12 – 10
Order 3 4 3
6
to 3 13/1 31/3 25/3
1/4
Spe-cifi 6 2 2
c Run
Pipe
Sizes
Order 7
4 6 4
to 4 13/1
3/4 7/16 9/16
Spe-cifi 6
c Run
Pipe
Sizes

What is a barred tee?

A barred tee is a tee or any fitting with a branch used in pipelines that is pigged and has a
restriction bar welded internally preventing the pig from traveling down a branch
connection.

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Barred Tee for long distance submarine oil and gas pipeline.

Datasheet of a pipe barred tee

Barred tees are pipe fittings with two outlets, one at 90 °to the connection to the main line
that has tiny holes. Barred tees can either be extruded or fabricated and are used to
connect two pieces of pipe or fittings. Barred tee is used in pipelines that are pigged.

Applications of pipe tees:

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Pipe Tees are widely used in various commercial and industrial applications. Industrial
applications include:

 Chemical processing
 Petroleum
 Pulp/paper
 Refining
 Textile
 Waste treatment, Marine
 Utilities/power generation
 Industrial equipment
 Automotive
 Gas compression and distribution industries
 Pipe Tees are also recommended for industrial plant fluid power systems.

What is a forged tee?

Forged Tee Fittings are pipe fittings that be formed mainly by forging.

Socket Welding Tees (Forged High Pressure Pipe Fittings)

We have a team of experienced professionals with years of


experience in manufacturing.

Socket-weld or threaded (npt or pt type. )

Pressure: 2000LBS, 3000LBS, 6000LBS, 9000LBS

Size: from 1/4″ to 4″ (6mm-100mm)

Material: ASTM A105, F304, F316, F304L, F316L, A182 F11/F22/F91

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Connection ends: butt welded, threaded

Rating:

1. Threaded wog: 2000, 3000 and 6000 lbs (140kgs/cm2-210kgs/cm2-410kgs/cm2)( sch


40 – sch 80 – sch 160 ).

2. Socket-welding wog: 3000, 6000, 9000 lbs. ( sch 80 – sch 160 – xxs ).

Specification:

1. Dim. Spec: Asme b 16.11-1996 (rivision of ansi b16.11-1991), mss-sp-79\ 83\ 95\97
and gb/t 7306, 12716, 14383, 14626, spec.
2. Material spec: Astm a105, astm a182(f304, f304l, f316, f316l, f304h, f316h, f317l, f321,
f11, f22, f91), gb/t 699 20mn.
3. Size of raw material: Dia. 19-85mm round bar.

Finish:

Galvanized or black. (carbon), pickled(stainless).

Production process of pipe tee

Hydraulic bulging
The hydraulic bulging of the tee is a forming process in which the branch pipe is expanded
by the axial compensation of the metal material. The process is to use a special hydraulic
machine to inject liquid into the tube blank with the same diameter of pipe tee, and to
simultaneously press the two horizontal side cylinders of the hydraulic machine to press
the tube blank, the volume of the tube blank becomes smaller, and the tube blank is
compressed. The liquid becomes smaller as the volume of the tube blank becomes
smaller, and when the pressure required for the expansion of pipe tee branch pipe is
reached, the metal material flows along the cavity of the mold under the double action of
the liquid pressure in the side cylinder and the tube blank to swell out of the branch pipe.
pipe tee hydraulic bulging process can be formed at one time, and the production
efficiency is high; the main pipe and shoulder wall thickness of pipe tee are increased.
Due to the large tonnage of the equipment required for the hydraulic bulging process of
the seamless tee, it is currently mainly used for the manufacture of standard wall
thickness tees smaller than DN400. The suitable forming materials are low carbon steel,
low alloy steel and stainless steel with relatively low cold work hardening tendency,
including some nonferrous metal materials such as copper, aluminum and titanium.

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Hot press forming


Pipe tee hot press forming is a process in which a tube blank having a diameter larger
than a Pipe tee diameter is flattened to a diameter of a tee.
a hole is opened in the portion of the stretching branch pipe; the tube blank is heated,
placed in a forming mold, and a die of the stretching branch pipe is loaded into the tube
blank; under the action of the pressure, the tube blank is radially compressed and
compressed in the radial direction. During the process, the metal flows toward the branch
pipe and forms a branch pipe under the drawing of the die. The entire process is formed
by the radial compression of the tube blank and the stretching process of the branch
portion. Different from the hydraulic bulging tee, the metal of the hot-pressed Pipe tee
branch pipe is compensated by the radial movement of the tube blank, so it is also called
the radial compensation process.
Due to the use of heated tees, the tonnage of the equipment required for material forming
is reduced. The hot press tee has wide adaptability to materials, and is suitable for
materials of low carbon steel, alloy steel and stainless steel; especially for tees with large
diameter and thick wall, this forming process is usually adopted.
Reasons and solutions for the deviation of the angle of pipe tees during the manufacturing
process
(1) The pipe tee is prone to angular offset, the surface is not flat, the diagonal of the
nozzle is not equal, and the bite is not strict. The main reasons for this are:

 1) The straight angle of the inner and outer arcs is not accurate. The thickness of
the material itself is not considered. After the finished product is formed, the
phenomenon that the outer arc piece is short and the inner arc piece is long is
formed, which affects the angle.
 2) Two planes with curved lines are ruled.
 3) Small holes appear in the outer corner of pipe tee outer arc.
 4) The width of the joint angle bite is not equal, and the force at the bite is uneven.

(2) The main prevention methods are:

 1) Find the material with a corrected square. The pipe tee is unfolded with the
dimensions R1 and R2, and the width should be increased by the margin of the
hem to prevent the pipe tee from being installed improperly.
 The lengths of the back and inside of the elbow are 1.57R1 and 1.57R2,
respectively. The accuracy of the arc should be guaranteed.
 2) After the two large pieces are unrolled, the ends of the sheets should be strictly
angled. The two flat sheets with curvature are overlapped, and the shape
coincidence error is checked and the deviation is allowed.

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 Adjustment.
 3) Small holes appearing in the outer arc corner of pipe tee, and can be repaired
by soldering for the stainless steel plate.
 4) When making a manual bite, make sure the width is appropriate, ensure the
size of the tee, and ensure that the force is even when the mouth is bitten.

Factory inspection of pipe tee

The chemical composition of pipe tees shall be checked and accepted according to the
material list. If there are special requirements, the re-inspection may be carried out
according to the standard requirements. The arbitration backwashing method is in
accordance with the relevant standards.
The surface of the tee should be free of cracks, pores, undercuts, slag inclusions, and the
inside and outside must be smooth. There should be no scratches, negative pits and
straightening defects that are beyond the tolerance of the wall thickness of the steel pipe.
The fracture should be free of burrs. The appearance inspection of the pipe tee is visually
inspected under good daylight illumination (a 5x magnifying glass is available).
In terms of size, the dimensional inspection of the tee is measured with a measuring
instrument of corresponding accuracy.
Appearance test: pipe tees shall be submitted for acceptance in batches. Each batch shall
consist of pipe fittings of the same grade, the same size and the same process. The
number of pipe tees of each batch shall not exceed a certain requirement; 400 shall be
400 for nominal pass or less. Root; 200 of the nominal passages greater than 25mm.

Source: China Pipe Tee Manufacturer – Yaang Pipe Industry Co., Limited
(www.steeljrv.com)

(Yaang Pipe Industry is a leading manufacturer and supplier of nickel alloy and stainless
steel products, including Super Duplex Stainless Steel Flanges, Stainless Steel Flanges,
Stainless Steel Pipe Fittings, Stainless Steel Pipe. Yaang products are widely used in
Shipbuilding, Nuclear power, Marine engineering, Petroleum, Chemical, Mining, Sewage
treatment, Natural gas and Pressure vessels and other industries.)

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Please notice that you might be interested in the other technical articles we’ve published:

• What is the difference between lateral tee and True WYE

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• What is a Pipe Tee

• How to get high quality pipe tees

References:

 https://www.yaang.com

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