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Method of choosing executive


The hereditary principle is followed in the United Kingdom, Nepal, Japan, Denmark,
Spain, Iran Brunei and Malaysia for the appointment of the chief executive or the
head of state. In these states, the king, queen, monarch or the emperor is chosen by
virtue of the principle of hereditary succession. The term of office is for life. The
power monarch in most of these countries is constitutionally limited.

Direct election

The choice of the Chief Executive by the direct vote of the people is the opposite
principle of the hereditary method. This method is the vindication of the principle of
popular sovereignty. It grants the people the right to elect their Chief Executive who
should represent their will and enjoy their confidence.

Indirect election

Some executive heads is chosen by indirect election. Indirect election is a system of

government in which citizen elect their own representative to run the government on
their behalf. They are chosen by an electoral college which is earlier elected by the
people. It involves different elections. For example, the Indian President is elected by
an electoral college consisting of the elected members of Parliament and elected
members of the state Legislative Assemblies of all states of the Indian Union. Under
the provisions of the Am constitution, the President is elected by an electoral college,
but in reality he is elected by the people directly.


Through this method, some executives are appointed directly by the person in
power. For example, in the United States of America, the president will assemble a
team of advisors. This group of people are nominated by the President himself with
the consent of the Senate. When the President names his new cabinet, he will follow
a few steps. Firstly, he will submit the nomination to the senate in writing. The
nomination will then be referred to the corresponding committee with jurisdiction over
the position or the agency in which the position exists. At this point, a hearing may
take place. Once a nominee is place on the Senate’s Executive Calendar, floor
consideration of the nomination may occur to determine the suitability of the
nominee. The White House is then notified of the confirmation or rejection of the
nominee. This will be inducted into the Congressional Record detailing all the
nominees and action taken on them.


Some executive heads are chosen by indirect election. He or she is nominated to

hold office based on qualifications fitness to oversee the job he is required to do.