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IPA Phonetic symbols for English

1. Open front unrounded vowel; also for open vowel


between front and back. First element of English
diphthongs in price, high, mouth, how

2. Open back unrounded vowel; English father

3. raised open front unrounded vowel; English trap, bad

4. voiced bilabial plosive, English b

5. voiced alveolar (sometimes: dental) plosive, English d

6. voiced palato-alveolar affricate, English j

7. dr voiced post-alveolar affricate, English dr

8. voiced dental fricative, in English father

9. close-mid front unrounded vowel

10. mid central unrounded weak vowel

11. mid central unrounded vowel, RP nurse

12. f voiceless labiodental fricative, English f

13. voiced velar plosive, English ‘hard’ g

14. voiceless glottal fricative, English h

15. close front unrounded vowel; English fleece ; English


neutralization of - , happy
16. lax , English kit

17. voiced palatal approximant (semi-vowel), English y


in yet

18. k voiceless velar plosive, English k

19. voiced alveolar lateral, English l

20. m voiced bilabial nasal, English m

21. n voiced alveolar (sometimes:dental) nasal, English n

22. voiced velar nasal, English ng

23. first element of AmE diphthong in goat

24. open-mid back rounded vowel; English north, thought

25. open back rounded vowel; RP lot

26. p voiceless bilabial plosive, English p

27. voiced post-alveolar approximant, English red

28. voiceless alveolar fricative, English s

29. voiceless palato-alveolar fricative , English sh

30. voiceless alveolar (sometimes:dental) plosive, English t

31. voiceless palato-alveolar affricate, English ch


32. voiceless post-alveolar affricate, English tr

33. voiceless dental fricative, English th

34. close back rounded vowel , English goose , English


neutralization of - , thank you

35. lax , English foot

36. voiced labiodental fricative, English v

37. open mid-back unrounded vowel, English love

38. voiced labial-velar approximant (semivowel),

English w

39. ! voiced alveolar fricative, English z

40. voiced palato-alveolar fricative , in English measure

(Note: The 20 vowel phonemes are: , , , ,


, , ,…

(The 24 consonant phonemes are: (", , , d, k, ) plosives,


( , ) affricates, (j, w) semi-vowels, ( , ) dentals,
(m, n, )nasals, (r, l) liquids, (#, , s, !, , , ) fricatives. )

Plosives: ", , , d, k,
Alveolars: t, d, z, s, l, n
Velars: , , $,
Fricatives: , #, , s, , , , !,
Affricates: , , , tr Example: nutshell %& . Note the
gap between and so that ‘t ’ here is not an affricate.
(plosive+fricative)

Clusters: dr, tr

Approximants: , , w

Semivowels: j, w

Voiceless: #, , ", k, s, , t,
Voiced: b, d, d , , , , , , , , m, n, v, z,
Dentals: ,
Nasals: m, n,
Liquids: r, l