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1.1 Background of the Study
Nowadays, global warming became worst year after year. The earth is already showing many signs of worldwide climate change. Evidence of global warming are very clear where there are many natural disasters occurring such as floods, landslide, drought and the changes in the ecosystem. Average temperatures in certain parts of the world have increased 1.4 degree Fahrenheit (0.8 degree Celsius) since 1880 ± much of this in recent decades, according to NASA¶s Goddard Institute for Space Studies. Most part of the earth that experience global warming is Artic where the ice started rapidly disappearing, and the region may have its first completely ice-free summer by 2040, according to United Nation¶s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). All of these facts might be ignored by others but if they still not concern about it, global warming will become their nightmare, day by day. So, we have to be concerned about global warming where the solutions of the problems are already available with new scientific study.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The statement of the problem is how awareness UTM students about global warming. We want them to think wisely about global warming. We can make people be more concern and take action to decrease the global warming. So we need to know how far their awareness about global warming by distributing the questionnaire to the respondents. In our research, we also try to find the effective solutions to overcome the global warming.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The purpose of the study is to find out the awareness of UTM students about global warming.
6 Significance of the Study From the research. 2 .4 Objectives of the Study The objectives of the study are to: 1) 2) 3) Identify the causes of global warming Identify the effects of global warming Identify the solutions of global warming 1.1.7 Scope of the Study The scope of this research is the second year Civil Engineering students of UTM. this study will: 1) Help giving awareness among UTM students to think wisely about global warming.5 Research Questions Our research questions are: 1) What are the causes of global warming? 2) What are the effects of global warming? 3) How can UTM students help in decreasing global warming? 1. 1. 2) Make people to be more concern and take action to decrease global warming.
deforestation is the second principle cause of atmospheric carbon dioxide (NASA Web Site). Methane is more than 20 times as effective as CO2 at trapping heat in the atmosphere. but committing ourselves to action today can help ensure our children and grandchildren inherit a healthy world full of opportunity. reforestation also can reduce these problems.S.P. For the solutions. disasters like hurricanes.1 The Issues of Global Warming Recently. droughts and floods are getting more frequent (UN Climate Change Report 2007).2. by the burning and cutting of about 34 million acres of trees each year. and bioenergy). After carbon emissions caused by humans. solar. Issue of global warming and climate change has been characterized during the period of 1992 through 2005 by the Houston Chronicle²the largest regional newspaper in the Texas coastal region. UCS had include that people must using energy more efficiently and moving to renewable energy (wind. according to the IPCC. climate change around the world become worst and many disaster phenomenon occurred that effect and affecting certain countries. 10).A's 2000 Fuel Economy Guide had reported that a new Dodge Durango sports utility vehicle (with a 5. geothermal. Coal accounts for 93 percent of the emissions from the electric utility industry (US Emissions Inventory 2004 Executive Summary p.9 litre engine) that gets 12 miles per gallon in the city will emit an estimated 800 pounds of carbon dioxide over a distance of 500 city miles. Global warming is defined as the increase of the average temperature on Earth. We can¶t avoid all the consequences of global warming. carbon dioxide emissions stem from the burning of fossil fuels for the purpose of electricity generation. Besides that. In 2002 about 40% of U.0 Literature Review 2. Deforestation is responsible for 20-25% of all carbon emissions entering the atmosphere. And Union Concerned Scientist (UCS) had state that global warming is caused by emissions of carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases that are emitted primarily by the burning of fossil fuels and the clearing of forests. As the Earth is getting hotter. These gases remain in our atmosphere for decades or even centuries. E. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes ³most of the observed increase in globally averaged temperatures since the mid-twentieth century is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic (man-made) greenhouse gas concentrations´. Otherwise. 3 .
2 Instrument of the study. we just focused on one faculty only. 3. A set of questionnaire containing 10 questions were divided into two sections which were Section A and Section B. All data for the research was collected through questionnaire. 3. Section A contained 3 questions while Section B contained 7 questions. The respondents of the study were second year Faculty of Civil Engineering students.3 Respondents of the study.1 Introduction. second year UTM students were chosen. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM).0 Research Methodology 3. 4 . yes-no. This research utilized the quantitative research methodology. All these were used in our questionnaire.3. The purpose of the research is to find out the awareness of UTM students about global warming. Skudai have a large number of students. To assess and evaluate the awareness of UTM students about global warming. In our research. The instrument that we used to collect the data was questionnaire. and open ended. We used different question types such as ranking. This section discusses the methodology of the research.
5 Data Analysis After we sorted out the data. The respondents also do not have any problems during completing our questionnaires. Of these numbers. 3.3. all the analysed data was present by using one way in presenting the data. a total of 30 sets questionnaire were distributed to the respondents in tutorial room and hostel. 23 were male students while the other 7 were females.4 Research Procedure. and books including journals to obtain more statements that can support our findings. There was no problem in collecting the questionnaires. internet. Then. In analysing the data. 5 . Besides that. On 3rd of September 2008. We also further described what information we gained from other resources such as newsfeed. 26 of the total respondents were Malay and the rest were Chinese students. we used the main point of the each selected question as the heading of each analysed data. We analysed data by using percentage. we analyzed the data. We gave them about one hour to complete the questionnaire. We used pie chart as our presentation of our data.
and solutions of global warming. The same situation also had be in China.4. In anal sing data. the countries that contribute most to global warming are shown in Figure 1. United States of America. we used the main point of the each selected question as the heading of each ana sed data. en 6 . 4. While Malaysia. All l the anal sed data was present by using pie chart and percentage.33%) and China (10%). we do the data anal sis. United States of America for example. The largest percentage of the respondents choose United States (76. emission of harmful gases from factories and vehicles made the air being polluted and with their population. affects.67%) followed by South Africa (13. This section discusses about the causes. Malaysia and South Africa). There are lot of causes of global warming which involving some countries around the world.33% Malaysia 0% China 10% United States 76.1 Causes of Global Warming South Africa 13. the respondents had concluded that Malaysia did not contributes most to global warming unli e the other countries (0%). deforestation had taken for development.0 Fi i and Di i n The purpose of the research is to fi out the awareness of UTM students about global warming.67% Figure 1: Country contributes most to global warming Figure 1 shows that from four countries that had been focused (China. After sorted out the data.
For example.In addition. In facts. articles from WWF and UCS got proves showing Malaysia are the one included although there are less cases about effects of the global warming. Interestingly. 4. Due to industrial growth. this country may increase the rate of the emission of CO2.2 Effects of Global Warming 7 . Malaysia had contributes about less than 0.5 tons per capita. respondents had stated that Malaysia not contributes to global warming due to its population. in the data analysis on countries contribute the emission of harmful gases (like C02) made by UCS. in China the development of agriculture making chemical fertilizer being produced in large amount.
The smallest percentage of the major effect is spread of diseases (6%). and others. From the findings. The next major effect is climate change around the world (36%).changing of ecosystems 16% spread of diseases 6% melting ice and glaciers 42% climate change 36% Figure 2: Major effects of global warming The major effects of global warming are shown in Figure 2. This is because climate change will lead to the other effects like melting ice. it was stated that climate change is the major effect of global warming.3 Solutions of global warming 8 . This strongly supported that climate change was the major effect of global warming. mostly respondents thought that global warming was effected by the melting ice and glaciers. fewer respondents chose spread of diseases as the m effect because ain maybe they did not know well or not confirmed about the diseases that lead by the global warming. followed by the changing of ecosystems (16%). n the 4. 42% of respondents chose melting ice and glaciers. spread of diseases. changing of ecosystems. But in our research article. other hand.
gain awareness and give information about global warming is the best way in making people reali e and change their way of life to be more concern about environment. It also can make peo know the causes and try to ple minimi e as much as they can such as emission of gases from vehicles and avoid pollution. Government.0 CONCL SION 9 . decreasing pollutions and many more. Reforestation and stopping open burning are shown in same percentage which is the lowest percentages (17%).thers 23% Reforestation 17% Stop green house effect 20% Campaign 23% Stop open burning 17% Figure 3: Ways in Solving Problems of Global Warming Figure 3 shows the percentage of respondents in their way of choosing the solution of global warming. Stopping open burning and reforestation is two things that can be related which is protecting the ecosystem in the process of decreasin the air pollution from g heat trapped by emission of gasses and preventing nature problem such as flooding and rising earth temperature. The largest percentages categories are make a campaign and others (23%) which including reduces the usage of transports. Doing campaign. While the next largest percentage is stop the green house effect (20%). world¶s society and others are responsible in ensuring the effectiveness of the campaign. 5. improvement of rule about environment.
This research investigated the knowledge of Universiti Teknologi Malaysia 2nd year of Faculty Civil Engineering students about global warming. 6.1 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY These findings are only true for Universiti Teknologi Malaysia 2nd year of Faculty Civil Engineering students and cannot be generalized to other university students or people among the society. it was stated that the purpose of the study was to increase students¶ awareness about the global warming phenomenon. our research has shown that students (respondents) had chosen United States as the largest contributor for causing the global warming. Primary data were collected by randomly distributing questionnaires to 30 students. we can make the conclusion based on the findings that we have done before. A similar study needs to be conceded on students from other university to see if there are any similarities with the factor that influence students choices in solving the global warming problem. In introduction. the most effective solutions that were chosen by the respondents to overcome this problem are organizing campaign and others. From the study. Secondly. melting ice and glaciers are the most affected due to the global warming problem and lastly. 5. Firstly.0 RECOMMENDATION 10 . The results of the study indicate that knowledge about this phenomenon is an important factor that will influence students¶ choices about their awareness about the global warming problems.
it could also explore further how to decrease the global warming effects. Besides. but we can decrease it by helping all humans in this world. Lastly. Furthermore. 6.The following are several recommendations based on the findings and conclusions of the study: 1. Before we end our project. further research can explore the main causes why global warming still exists. References 11 . Students should use public transport like bus regularly rather than use their own vehicle like motorcycle or car. we would like to invite all people to take actions in order to save our world. we cannot stop the global warming from occurring. Students need to be more concerned about global warming crisis nowadays. 2. it is recommended that further studies should be carried out on members of the public or on other students from other universities.1 FUTURE RESEARCH Since the study had only focused on Universiti Teknologi Malaysia students. It is also possible that further studies be carried on lecturers or workers in UTM to see if there are any similarities in the findings.
2001 Science of Climate Change: National Academy of Sciences. 103 (39).scopus.- Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS): website www.ucsusa.com Houston Chronicle¶s publication: Texas United Nation (UN) Climate Change Report. pp.1990 IPCC Second Assessment Report.2007 NASA Web Site Center for American Progress Action Fund¶s Mic Check Radio www.2001 Global Temperatures Change(2006) : Proceedings of the NAS.com - National Geographic Society (1996-2008) Web Site 12 .1995 IPCC Third Assessment Report.net IPCC First Assessment Report.causesofglobalwarming. 1428814293 ± adapted at www.