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Lift irrigation

A mini-Project Report on

DETAILED CASE-STUDY Of VEMPALLY LIFT


IRRIGATION SCHEME

Submitted in partial fullfilment of requirement for the award of degree of


Bachelor of Technology in Civil Engineering
BY

M.LOKESH (09241A0175)

J.RAJEEV (09241A0190)
B.BALAKRISHNA (09241A0161)
D.PAVAN KUMAR (09241A0185)
S.RITWIK (09241A0193)

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


GOKARAJU RANGARAJU INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING
AND TECHNOLOGY
(Affiliated to JNTU, HYD)

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Lift irrigation

Bachupally, Hyderabad, A.P, India-500090


DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that mini project entitled “DETAILED CASE-STUDY


OF VEMPALLY LIFT IRRIGATION SCHEME” has been carried out by
students mentioned below in partial fulfillment of the degree of B.Tech in Civil
Engineering, GOKARAJU RANGARAJU INSTITUTE OF
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY during the academic year 2012-13.

BY
M.LOKESH (09241A0175)

J.RAJEEV (09241A0190)
B.BALAKRISHNA (09241A0161)
D.PAVAN KUMAR (09241A0185)
S.RITWIK (09241A0193)

Project guide Examiner Head of the department

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Lift irrigation

ABSTRACT
The vempally Lift Irrigation Scheme is located near village vempally ,in

nizamabad district, proposed for development of irrigation facilities in high elevated areas in

that district of A.P. This area has been declared as a drought prone area. The Project is

proposed as an extension of command from on-going Laxmi canal,which takes off water

from the reservoir built across River Godavari named as Sri Ram Sagar Project(SRSP) also

known as Pochampad Project.

Laxmi canal is a high level canal takes off from channel.395 of earth dam ofsri rama

sagar project and runs for a length of 3.50km.it was proposed to irrigate an ayacut of 25763

acres of uplands which are situated at higher elevation with lift irrigation method. These

lands are destabilized tail and ayacut of nizamsagar project which became fallow and brought

under irrigation scheme provided on distributory of laxmi canal.

The distributory no.3 takes off at km 3.40 of laxmi canal and this approach channel provided

for a length 1.90km and joins in the take chamber provided for lifting water with pumps.

The lift irrigation scheme at vempally consists of two units of pumping system.1unit provided

with 4 pumps of 333 horse power with 3 pumps for operation and 1 pump as stand by.

The unit 1pumps lift the water with a static head of 17.5 mtrs and drops the water into

delivery cistern of 1 lift canal adjacent to lift irrigation scheme from there the water flows

through gravity canals. The 1 lift canal provided with two sub distributor viz,L1&R2.the

distributor runs for alength of 15kms and irrigates at ayacut of 5000 acres.

The unit2 of lift irrigation scheme consists of 6 no.s (5+1) 533 horse power pumps. The

pumps lift water with a static head of 27mts and the water flows through 1.60mts dia pressure

pipe line for length of 1.40km drops into delivery cistern of 2nd lift canal and from there the

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2nd lift canal the water flows through gravity canal and irrigates an ayacut 4000acresand the

length of 2nd lift canal is 12.10km and it drops into nawab cheru of padigel

There was two more lift irrigation schemes tagged on to D3 nawab cheru lift irrigation

scheme at the tail end of D3 and one more lift irrigation provided at 4kms near bodhepally.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We wish to express our sincere thanks for giving us permission for carrying out the

project of “CASE STUDY OF VEMPALLY LIFT IRRIGATION SCHEME” and

gratefully acknowledge the inspiring guidance, encouragement and continuous support of

MR.G.PRATHAP REDDY assistant engineer at “SRIRAMASAGAR PROJECT”,

Pochampad. His helpful Suggestion and constant encouragement have gone a long way in the

completion of this dissertation .It was a pleasure working under his alert, human and

technical supervision.

We are grateful to the Head of Department of CIVIL

ENGINEERING,PROF.Dr.G.Venkata Ramana, for his valuable suggestions and

encouragement during course of the work.

We are greatly indebted to our college, GOKARAJU RANGARAJU INSTITUTE

OF ENGINEERING, which has provided us the healthy environment to drive us to achieve

our ambitions and goals.

We owe our hearty regards to Mr.V.Gajendra, Associate Professor on his

encouragement at each step and his assistance in completion of the project work.

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CONTENTS
Page No

1 Introduction 1
2 History 3
3 Nature and purpose 5

3.1 Water lifted devices 5

3.1.1 Human powered devices 5

3.1.2 Irrigation engineering mechanichally powered 6

devices

3.2. Pump selections installation and maintenance 7

3.2.1 Centrifugal pump 7

3.2.2. Bore hole type pump 7

3.2.3 Sunrisible pump 7

3.2.4 Turbine pump 7

3.2.5 Jet pump 7

3.3 Data for selecting pump 8

3.4 Installation of centrifugal pumps 8

3.5 Maintenance of the pump 9

3.6 Conveyance of lifted water 9

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4 Location of project 10

5 Components of project 11

5.1 Sriramasagar reservoir 11

5.2 Laxmi canal 11

5.3 Cross regulator 12

5.4 Approach channel 14

5.5 Vempally lift irrigation scheme 15

6 Specification of project 19

7 List of tables 26

8 Project at a glance 31

9 List of photographs 33

10 Queries and answers regarding adoption L.I.scheme 41

11 Key factors in success 43

12 Conclusion 44

13 Reference 45

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CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION

Irrigation is an artificial application of water to the soil. It is used to assist in thegrowing of


agricultural crops, maintenance of landscapes, and revegetation ofdisturbedsoils in dry areas
and during periods of inadequate rainfall. Additionally,irrigation also has a few other uses in
crop production, which include protectingplants against frost, suppressing weed growing in
grain fields and helping inpreventing soil consolidation. In contrast, agriculture that relies
only on direct rainfallis referred to as rain-fed or dryland farming. Irrigation is often studied
together withdrainage, which is the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface
waterfrom a given area. Various types of irrigation techniques differ in how the
waterobtained from the source is distributed within the field. In general, the goal is tosupply
water uniformly to the entire field, so that each plant has sufficient amount ofwater it needs,
neither too much nor too little. Irrigation Schemes mainly comprisescanal irrigation and lift
irrigation schemes. In such schemes, the most important andyet the most neglected portion is
distribution of water.

A conventional lift irrigation scheme consists of civil works like intake well, intake
pipe, jack well, pump house, rising main and distribution system to suit the command area.
The lift irrigation schemes can broadly be grouped as Medium / large and single stage and
large & Medium with multi stage pumping systems wherein water is pumped more than 50 m
height and have a command area more than 9000 acres.

The vempally Lift Irrigation Scheme is located near village vempally, in nizamabad
district, proposed for development of irrigation facilities in high elevated ares in that district
of A.P. This area has been declared as a drought prone area. The Project is proposed as an
extension of command from on-going Laxmi canal,which takes off water from the reservoir
built across River Godavari named as Sri Ram Sagar Project(SRSP) also known as
Pochampadu Project near Nirmal town.

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Fig.1. Shows the Vempally lift irrigation pump house

Fig.2 Shows the rear view of vempally lift irrigaton pump house

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CHAPTER 2
HISTORY

The late prime minister of india beloved Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru laid the foundation
stone of theSri Ram Sagar project, on 27th july 1963 and he dedicated this as “Modern temple
for the service of humanity”. The project was originally named as pochampad
project(pochampad was a small village on the left bank of Godavari river coming partly
under the alignment of the dam and partly under submergence ) and on 5.11.1978 the project
was renamed as “Sri Ram Sagar Project “ in the name of “Lord Rama” the presiding diety of
Sri Kodanda Ramalayam which is on the right bank of Godavari river about 1 Km
downstream of dam, by Dr.M.Chenna Reddy, the then Hon’ble Chief Minister of Andhra
Pradesh. This reservoir consists of three off taking canals namely Kakatitiya canal,
Saraswathi canal, Laxmi canal.The canal on the right side of the dam is named as Kakatiya
canal (named after the flourishing empire of Kakatiya dynasty ) .The canla on the left side is
named as Saraswathi canal(in the name of goddess Saraswathi of nearby Basara
temple,famous temple located in adilabad distrct ).The high level canal on right side is named
as laxmi canal(in the name of Goddess Laxmi)by Sri.Dr.M.Chenna Reddy Garu. Vempally
lift irrigation scheme is proposed to construct on one of the distributory(D3) of laxmi canal
toimprove irrigation facilities in high elevated lands.

Fig.3. Shows the sri rama sagar project


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Fig.4. Shows the Upstream side of S.R.S.P

Fig.5. Shows the Downstream side S.R.S.P

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CHAPTER 3
NATURE AND PURPOSE
Input of water is important from the agricultural point of view. Some times in some
places water can't be provided to the fields as the level of the field is higher than that the
source of water. In this case water is required to be lifted at a convenient higher spot from
which it can be supplied to the fields under command.

3.1.WATER LIFTING DEVICES:

Water lifting devices are used both for irrigation and drainage. When the source of irrigation
is at a higher level than the field to be irrigated water flows by thegravity to the field to be
irrigated. This is known as flow irrigation. When thesource is at lower level than the area to
be irrigated, the water has to be lifted forirrigation.
Water lifting devices may be classified into three groups based on the kind ofpower
commonly used for this operation.
(a) Devices operated by human power
(b) Devices operated by animal power
(c) Devices operated by mechanical power

3.1.1.Human Powered Devices:

The swing basket


It is operated by two persons facing each other. Eachperson holds two of the ropes and swing
the basket, alternatively filling itfrom the source and employing it into the delivery channel.
Swing basketcan be used upto a lift of 1m.

Counterpoise lift
It is another human powered water lift device. It operates on the lever principle. The device
consists of a long wooden pole which is pivotedapproximately at the centre by a cross bar.
Tree trunks of suitableshapes are used for the purpose. A weight in form of large stone orbag
filled with soils is fixed to the shorter end of the lever. This weight acts as counterpoise

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Lift irrigation

weight, one or the two men walk back andforth along top of the pivoted pole. The bucket
could be a metalcontainer or leather bag. The counter weight helps in lifting thebucket. The
working range of the counterpoise lift is generallybetween 1 to3m.

Rope and Bucket Lift:


1 person 185 cm length and 40 cm diameter. This device consist of bucket or bag of leather
or canvas, attached toone end of a long rope. The rope passes over a pulley set in a
suitableframework of wood installed over the well or other water source. Apair or a single
bullock is made to walk down a sloped earthen rampwhile pulling up the full bucket or bag
and walk back up the rampafter the bucket is emptied. The bucket is emptied into the outlet
channel by a person. The rope and bucket lift is generally suited uptolifts of 10 m. The
disadvantage of device is mainly with its operationas the animals have to walk backwards up
an inclined while thebucket is lowered to the water source.

Persian Lift:
It is one of the most popular animal drawn water lifting device. The main advantages are the
rugged construction and reasonably goodamount of discharge it provides. The parts are
durable and generallyneeds very little maintenance. The device consists of an endless chainof
buckets passing over a circular drum made from angle irons. The drum is rotated by a
horizontal shaft which in turn is rotated byvertical and horizontal cogwheels. The large wheel
has a poleextending from it horizontally. This pole is drawn by the animalsmoving in a
circular manner.

3.1.2.Irrigation Engineering Mechanically Powered Devices:


The Reciprocating pumps, centrifugal pumps, turbine pumps and submersible pumps are
powered with either diesel engine or electric motorof different power ratings. The power
rating primarily depends on depth ofwater table. Over last five decades the use and so the
population of electricmotor and diesel engine have increased multifold. The main mechanical
andelectrical devices are :
(a) Diesel engine,
(b) Electric motor and
(c) Tractor.

3.2.PUMP SELECTION, INSTALLATION ANDMAINTENANCE:

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Three types of pump are generally used in order to lift water :

3.2.1.Centrifugal Pump
It works on centrifugal action and can lift water upto 6 to 8 meter. It isavailable in two
models
(a) Pump and motor are built together
(b) Pump and motor are built separately and coupled together.

3.2.2. BoreHole Type Pump


These pump consists of special centrifugal pump impellers connected inseries, mounted on a
vertical shaft, and driven by a motor. Two types ofbore hole pumps are

3.2.3.Submersible Pump
In this motor and pump are both attached together and lowered insidethe bore.

3.2.4.Turbine Pump
In this type of pump, the pump is driven by a direct, coupled electricmotor of a vertical shaft
type and is placed at the top of line shaft at theground level.

3.2.5.Jet pump
A jet pump consists of a combination of a centrifugal pump and jet mechanism and ejector.
Here, the motor and pump constitute of a small unitlike mono-block pump and is placed at
the ground.While making selection of a pump a number of considerations are required,for
performing an assigned job, the best selection of pumps should be such that it should work at
its peak efficiency. Unfortunately, there is only onehead and discharge condition for each
pump where the peak efficiencyisobtained and therefore, it is rarely possible to achieve the
highest efficiencyfor pumping condition. Manufacturers can't design and build so
mayvarieties of pumps to meet all operating condition. Test results and characteristics curves
are available from pump manufacturers, which shouldbe used to select the best pump for an
operating condition.The characteristic curves relate the important parameters like
head,discharge, efficiency, and power requirement. When pump is newlymanufactured it will
have a unique characteristics and gradually slightchange takes place after it operates for some

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period of time. Due to use weartakes place, which in effect reduces pump efficiency and head
or dischargecapacity.

3.3.DATA SELECTING PUMP:


(a) Source of water supply
(b) Vertical suction lift
(c) Length of suction pipe
(d) Numbers and kinds of bends required
(e) Foot valve and strainer
(f) Static discharge lift
(g) Discharge head required
(h) Discharge capacity of pump
(i) Pump location
(j) Types of drive, etc.

3.4.INSTALLATION OF CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS:


Installation of pumps consists of:
(a) Location of the pump
(b) Proper foundation
(c) Alignment of coupling
In order to minimize the suction lir, the pump should be accessible for frequent inspection.
The location of pump suitable such that it does notget submerged in water. In open wells if
there is possibility for water to riseduring monsoon season, there should be a provision for
installing the pumpabove the water level. Thus the pump will be having two locations - one
forlow water condition and one for high water conditions. The pump and the prime mover
can be fixed on a trolley or on permanentfoundation. Permanent foundation consists of the
base plate fixed tofoundation bolts embedded in concrete. The pump shaft and the drive shar
should be aligned straight.Wedges placed below the base plate are useful in alignment of the
pumpwith the prime mover as the wedges can be used to raise or lower the pumpunit.

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3.5.MAINTENANCE OF PUMP:

Regular maintenance of the pump as per the manufacturers'recommendation must be taken


up. Usual maintenance as cleaning, oilinggreasing and change of parts must be taken up as
and when required. Pumphouse must be constructed and it must have sufficient space to
move for theoperator and maintenance mechanic.

3.6.CONVEYANCE OF LIFTED WATER:

Water can be lifted from wells, rivers, irrigation tanks etc.and conveyed to field through pipes
made up of cement, steel, pvc etc. and canals.

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CHAPTER 4
LOCATION OF PROJECT
Sri Ram Sagar Project is located in Pochampad village, Balkonda Mandal, Nizamabad
district.

Latitude: 18 – 58 N

Longitude : 78 – 20 E

Laxmi canal is a high level canal takes off from chain.395 of height of earthen dam of
Sri Ram Sagar project Pochampad, near Nirmal town ,nizamabad district and runs for length
of 3.50 Km. It irrigates an area of 25763 acres of uplands which are situated at higher
elevations with lift irrigation methods. These lands are destabilized tailend ayacuts of
nizamsagar project which became fallow and brought under irrigation through lift irrigation
schemes provided on Distributor no.3 of Laxmi canal.

The distributor no.3 takes off at 3.40 Km of laxmi canal. This approach channel
provided for a length 1.90 Km and joins the intake chamber provided for the lifting water
with pumps. This lift irrigating pump house is known as “VEMPALLY LIFT
IRRIGATION PUMP HOUSE” named after the village vempally nearer to the project.

Fig.6. Shows the Intake chamber for lifting water with centrifugal pumps

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CHAPTER 5
COMPONENTS OF PROJECT

5.1SRIRAMASAGAR RESERVOIR:

The Sri Rama Sagar Reservoir built over the river Godavari at Pochampad, near
Nirmal town is 957.53 Mtrs long and 42.672 Mtrs high, with a capacity of 90.31 TMC. The
purpose of the dam is water supply, power generation, irrigation. The SRSP has a catchment
area of 91751 Sq.Km and command area of 969630 acres.

5.2 LAXMI CANAL:

A high level laxmi canal off takes from sri ram sagar reservoir at height of chain.395
and its discharge is regulated by a canal regulator. It has two sets of gates and each set
consists of 2 gates. The parent laxmi canal runs for a length of 3.50 Km.

Main Laxmi canal consists of four ditributory channels D1, D2, D3, D4 through
which it irrigates an total area of 21,870 acres.

Fig.7. Shows the Top view of laxmi canal

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5.3 CROSS REGULATOR:

A cross regulator built across the main laxmi canal, modulates the discharge to be
allowed into the main canal with the help of 2 gates provided.

Fig. 8. Shows the Cross regulator work across laxmi canal

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Fig.9. Shows Laxmi canal

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5.4 APPROACHCHANNEL:

An approach channel of trapezoidal section provided for a length of 1.90 Km i.e,


Laxmi canal distributory no.3 carries water from parent Laxmi canal to the intake chamber of
vempally lift irrigation pump house where the water is llifted with pumps.

Fig.10. Shows the head regulator of D3 channel

The discharge in the laxmi canal distributor no.3 is controlled by a Head regulator is
provided at the beginning of the approach channel. This head regulator consists of three gates
through which it is operated , only required amount of discharge is allowed with the help of
head regulators.

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Fig11. Shows the head regulator gates of D3 channel

5.5VEMPALLY L.I PUMP HOUSE:

The water carried by approach channel through gravity gets collected in the intake
chamber provided for lifting water using 10 pumps. The lift irrigation scheme at vempally is
operated using two units pumping system

Fig.12.Shows the rear view of vempally lift irrigation pump house

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Pump house unit-1:

Unit-1 provide with 4 pumps of 333 Horse Power, with three pumps for operation and
one pump as stand by (used only during emergency)

The unit-1 pumps lift the water with a static head of 17.5 Mtrs and drops into delivery
cister of 1st lift canal provided adjacent to lift irrigation scheme from there the water flows
through gravity canals. The the 1 lift canal is provided with two sub distributaries, viz. L1
(Left 1) and R2 (Right 2). The D3 - L1 sub distributory runs for a length of 15 Km and
irrigates an area of 2640 acres through its minor and sub minor channels

The length of D3 - R2 canal is 12 Km and it irrigates an area of 2369 acres

1) Pump house unit-2 :

The unit-2 lift irrigation scheme consists of six (5 operational+1stand by) pumps with
533 Horse Power. The pumps lift the water with a static head of 27.00 Mtrs and the water
flows through 1.60 Mtr diameter main pipe line for a length of 1.40 Km and drops into a
delivery cistern of 2 nd lift canal from there the water flows through gravity canal and irrigates
an area of 4000 acres. The length of the 2nd lift canal is 12 Km.

There are two more lift irrigation schemes tagged on to distributor no.3 viz., Nawab
tank lift irrigation scheme,bodepally lift irrigation scheme. Nawab tank lift irrigation scheme
is at the tail end laxmi canal D-3 and it is provided with 3 pumps of 570 Horse Power
capacity, the N.T.L.I scheme irrigates uplands for an area of 7149 area in Velpur and
Morthand mandal through gravity canals after dropping the water into the delivery cistern
provided near ammenapur village.

One more lift irrigation scheme is provided at Km 4 of D-3 canal near Bodepally
village and it is provided with 3 pumps of 100 Horse Power to irrigate an area of 1120 acres.
Delivery cistern of this scheme is 0.5 Km away from the Bodepally Lift Irrigation scheme
and from there water flows through gravity canal.

Laxmi canal is a major source of irrigaition source of Balkonda, Velpur and Mothand
Mandals, intended to irrigate an ayacut of 25763 acres. Main Laxmi canal consists of four

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distributories of which distributory no.1, no.2, no.4 flow under the action of gravity,
distributory no.3 offtakes water from the main laxmi canal to the higher elevated lands with
the help of lift irrigation schemes constructed on it where the head available is not sufficient
to irrigate the higher elevated lands. Vempally lift irrigation scheme was proposed to built
across laxmi canal (D3) to provide supply the excess head required to improve irrigation
facilities in high elevated lands.The major constraints of this canal system are

 It irrigates 8465 acres with direct canal from distributor no.1 (D1), ditributory no.2

(D2), distributor no.4 (D4).

 It is intended to irrigate 17,298 acres though lift of distributor no.3 with three lift

irrigation schemes namely:

• Vempally lift irrigation scheme - 9029 Acres

• Nawab tank lift irrigation scheme - 7149 Acres

• Bodepally lift irrigation scheme - 1120 Acres

Vempally lift irrigation scheme:

 This scheme has two lift namely 1 st lift and 2 nd lift


 1st lift irrigates an extent of 5000 acres.
 2nd lift besides irrigates an extension of 4029 acres has to supplement Nawab tank lift
scheme and bodepally lift scheme which has to irrigate an area of 8269 acres.

Nawab tank lift irrigation scheme:

 This is a new scheme completed with a capital of 11.59 crores.


 To irrigate an area of 7149 acres in Velpur and Morthad Mandals.

Bodepally lift irrigation sceme:

 This is a new scheme completed with a capital amount of rs 1.285 crores.


 To irrigate an area of 7149 acres in chittapur and balkonda.

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Ongoing works:-

 Modernization of laxmi canal distributories i.e, D1,D2 and D4 works are in progress.
 Balance lining of D1 to D2 of laxmi canal works are in progress.
 Remodelling of D3- 2 nd lift canal from 0.00 Km to12 Km work is in progress.
 Providing lift irrigation scheme from SRSP reservoir to feed Laxmi canalwork in
progress.
 Modernization and rehabilitation of minors and sub minors of D3-L1 of Laxmi
canalwork in progress.
 Modernization and rehabilitation of minors and sub minors of D3-R2 of laxmi
canalwork completed.
 Lining to main canal of Distributor no.4 of Laxmi canal work in progress.
 Providing lift irriation scheme from SRSP reservoir to feed laxmi canal work in the
reservoirwork stopped due to submergence of work site in water of reservoir.

Fig.13.Shows the lift irrigation scheme from SRSP reservoir to feed laxmi canal

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CHAPTER 6
SPECIFICATIONS
SALIENT FEATURES OF SRI RAM SAGARPROJECT

Table 1

1. Location : Pochampad village,Balkonda mandal, Nizamabad


district.
2. Foundation of stone : 26th july, 1963.
Laid by the late prime minister of india beloved
pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
3. Purpose of project : Water supply/power/irrigation/multi purpose
4. Completion of dam : 1983
5. Gross storage : 90.31 TMC
6. Catchment area : 91751 Sq.Km
7. Lowest bed level : 980 fts
8. MDDL : 1064 fts
9. FRL : 1091 fts
10. MWL : 1093 fts
11. TBL : 1108 fts
12. First filling(year/level) : 1983/1091 fts
13. Max. Height of masonry dam : 42.672 Mtrs
14. Length of earthen dam : 14462.39 Mtrs
15. Length of masonry dam : 957.53 Mtrs
16. Area under submergence : 453 Sq.Km
17. Gates: Spillway
a) Type : Radial
b) Number : 42
c) Size : 15.20 x 10.668 m
d) Designed flood (100 yrs) : 45,307
18. Capacity of hydel power house : 36 M.W

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19. District wise ayacut


Nizamabad : 33438 acres
Adilabad : 35375 acres
Karimnagar : 542900 acres
Warangal : 357900 acres
Total area : 969630 acres

Fig. 14. Salient features of S.R.S.P

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Fig.15. Longitudinal section of dam

Fig.16. Typical section of dam

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Canals specification :

1. Kakatiya canal:
Table 2
1. Sill : 1010.00 ft
2. : 9,700 cumecs
Discharge
Length : 284 Km
3.
Total irrigated area : 911800 acres
4.
Bed width at head : 37.82 Mtrs
5.
Districts benefited : Nizamabad, Adilabad, Karimnagar.
6.

2. Saraswathi canal:
Table 3
1. Sill : 1045 ft
2. : 1500 cumecs
Discharge
Length : 47 Km
3.
Total irrigated area : 35,735 acres
4.
Bed width at head : 10 Mtrs
5.
T
a Districts benefited : Adilabad.
6.
b

3. Laxmi canal:
Table 4
1. Sill : 1060 ft
2. : 500 cumecs
Discharge
Length : 3.5 Km& 4 No. distributaries
3.

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Total irrigated area : 25,761 acres


4.
Bed width at head : 6.70 Mtrs
5.
Districts benefited : Nizamabad.
6.

Vempally L.I. pump house specifications :

Table 5

Si.No. Discription Unit-1 Unit-2

1. No. of pumps 4 (3+1) 6(5+1)

2. Total head 17.5 Mtrs 29.00 Mtrs

3. Discharge 3654 m^3/hr 3571.20m^3/hr

4. Speed 740 RPM 740 RPM

5. No.of Motors 4 (3+1) 6(5+1)

6. Motor Rating 6.6kv-250kw/333hp 6.6kv-400kw/533hp

7. RPM 740 740

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Fig.17. Salient features of laxmi canal

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Fig. 18. Vempally L.I. pump house specifications

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CHAPTER 7
LIST OF TABLES

7.1 District wise ayacut particulars of canals

7.2 Ayacut particulars of canals

7.3 Ayacut particulars of Laxmi canal

7.4 Village wise ayacut particulars of Laxmi canal (D1, D2, D3)

7.5 Village wise ayacut particulars of Laxmi canal (D3)

7.6 Hydraulic particulars of Laxmi canal distributor no.3

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Table No. 7.1:District wise ayacut particulars of canals

Districts Total
Canal

Nizamabad Adilabad Karimnagar Warangal

Kakatiya 11,000 - 5,42,900 3,57,900 9,11,800

Laxmi 21,870 - - - 21,870

Saraswathi - 34,970 - - 34,970

Total 32,870 34,970 5,42,900 3,57,900 9,68,640

Table No. 7.2: Ayacut particulars of canals

1. Kakatiya Canl Ayacut Total

Km. 0.00 to 146.00 4,07,716 Acres

Km.146.00 to 234.00 2,17,448 Acres 9,11,800 Acres

Km 234.00 to 284.00 2,86,636 Acres

2. Laxmi Canal

Km.0.00 to 3.50 21,870 Acres 21,870 Acres

3. Saraswathi Canal

Km.0.00 to 47.00 34,970 Acres 34,970 Acres

Total 9,68,640 Acres 9,68,640 Acres

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Lift irrigation

Table No. 7.3: Ayacut parriculars of Laxmi canal

SI.No Distributory. No. Total ayacut


Acres Hectares
1. Distributory No.1 120 48.6
2. Distributory No.2 4505 1823.15
3. Distributory No.3
D3 - L1 2640 1068.9
D3 - R2 2389 966.62
D3 – lind lift 4000 1618.78
BPLI 1120 453.26
NTLI 7149 2893.16
4. Distributory No.4 3840 1554.03
5. CHLIS 11625 4704.57
Total 37388 15130.72

Table No. 7.4: Village wise ayacut particulars of Laxmi canal (D1, D2, D3)

S No. Distributor No. Village Localised ayacut in acres


1. Distributory No.1 Nallur 120
2. Distributory No.2 Mupkal 340
Mendora 1742
Velgatur 723
Bussapur 369
Soanpet 300
Doodgaon 343
Chakiryal 400
Kodicherla 288
Total 4504
3. Distributor No.4 Kothapally 401
Nagampet 1001
Renjarla 1026
Venchiryal 431
Shetpally 589
darmora 396
Total 3840

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Lift irrigation

Table No. 7.5: Village wise ayacut particulars of Laxmi canal (D3)

S No. Distributory No. Village Localised ayacut in acres


Distributory No.3
1. Vempally pump house Vempally 501
Bodepally 1615
Balkonda 459
Kottapally 661
Renjarla 919
Vannel (B) 597
Nagampet 150
Mupkal 549
Bussapur 582
Soanpet 51
Chittapur 105
Nallur 435
Padgal 671
Pochampally 889
Dharmora 542
Shetpally 303
Total 9029
2. Bodepally pump house Balkonda 480
Bodepally 290
Chittapur 350
Total 1120
3. Nawab tank pump Padgal 674
house Lakora 251
Ameenapur 182
Velpoor 2553
Ankapoor 939
Komanpally 418
Kukunur 770

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Lift irrigation

Venkatapoor 350
Nadkuda 87
Saibpet 86
Donkal 839

Total 7149

Table No. 7.6 : Hydraulic particulars of Laxmi canal distributor no.3

1. Length : 1.90 Km

2. Ayacut : 17298 Acres

3. Bed width : 5.90 Mtrs

4. Bed fall : 1 in 2700

5. F.S.D : 1.450 Mtrs

6. Free Board : 0.60 Mtrs

7. Velocity : 0.9954 Mtrs/sec

8. Discharge : 10.53 cumecs

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Lift irrigation

CHAPTER 8
PROJECT AT A GLANCE
Stage-1:

 A dam across Godavari near pochamad in nizamabad district to impound 3172Mcum


of water.
 Kakatiya canal on right side for length of 146 Km with discharge capacity of 243.52
cumecs for irrigation of 1.8 lakhs hectares.
 A dam across manair river ,a tributary of Godavari at 146 Km of kakatiya canal to
function as a balancing canal.
 Saraswathi canal on left side runs for a length of 47 Km with discharge capacity 42.48
cume/s , irrigating o.17 lakh hectares.

Stage-2:

 Extension of kakatiya canal upto 349 Km to irrigate 3.197 lakh hactares.


 Extension of saraswathi canal for a length of 200Km for irrigating an ayakut of o.421
lakh hectare, in addition to stabilizing 0.3o lakh hectares under the kaddam project.
 Laxmi canal(high level canal on the right side) for irrigating 6700 hectares in
nizamabad district(stabilization of old Nizamsagar ayacut).
 A power house at the foot of the dam with an installed capacity of 36 M.W(4 Units of
9 M.W each).

Stage-3:

 Laxmi canal takes off from chain.395 of high earthen dam of Sriram Sagar Project
and runs for length of 3.50 Km
 Main laxmi canal is distributed into 4 No. distributory channels
 Proposed to irrigate an ayacut of 25763 acres of uplands
 Distributories D1, D2, D4 flow under the action of gravity.

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Lift irrigation

 In D3 channel of laxmi canl distributories, water is lifted near vempally village using
centrifugal pumps to irrigates uplands which are located at a higher elevation.
 Two more lift irrigation schemes are tagged on D3 channel viz., Bodepally L.I
scheme, Nawab Tank L.I scheme.

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Lift irrigation

CHAPTER 9

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS
1. Centrifugal pumps in the pump house.
2. Grantee girder.
3. Main circuit control room.

(a) Controlsystem ofunit-1 pumping system.


(b) Control system of unit-2 pumping system

4. Delivery tanks.

(a) Delivery tank of unit-1 pumping system.


(b) Delivery tank of unit-2 pumping system

5. Air valve
6. Delivery cistern.

(a) Delivery cistern of 1 st lift


(b) Delivery cistern of 2nd lift

7. 2nd lift canal.


8. Pump trouble shooting chart.
9. 10 ways to murder your pump.

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Lift irrigation

SITE PHOTOGRAPHS

Fig 1: Centrifugal pumps in the pump house

Fig 2: Grantee girder

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Lift irrigation

Fig 3: Main circuit control room

Fig 3(a): Control system of unit 1 pumping system

43
Lift irrigation

Fig 3(b):control system of unit 2 pumping system

Fig 4:Delivery tanks

44
Lift irrigation

Fig 4(a):Delivery tank of unit 1 pumping system

Fig 4(b):Delivery tank of unit 2 pumping system

45
Lift irrigation

Fig 5:Air valve

Fig 6(a):Deliver cistern of 1st lift

46
Lift irrigation

Fig 6(b):Delivery cistern of 2nd lift

Fig 7:2nd lift canal

47
Lift irrigation

Fig 8:Pumping trouble shooting chart

Fig 9:10-ways to murder your pump

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Lift irrigation

CHAPTER 10

QUERIES AND ANSWERS REGARDING THE ADOPTION


OF LIFT IRRIGATION SCHEME

WHO WILL ADOPT THIS TECHNIQUE?

The farmers whose fields are situated at higher level but have a source of water

nearby can adopt this technique.

WHY THIS TECHNIQUE SHOULD BE ADOPTED?

The fields which are at higher level and for which water by flow irrigation will not

possible, have no other alternative but the lift irrigation scheme. Drinking water problem is

also solved concurrently.

HOW TO ADOPT THE TECHNIQUE?

Adoption of this technique is not quite simple. Planning, designing and execution are

to be done through knowledgeable technical person. Participation of beneficiaries is quite

necessary and if labour component is done by them, saving in cost to the extent of 20% is

possible. The remaining amount can be had either through government as a subsidy or as a

loan from the banks, repayable in 10 to 15 years.

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Lift irrigation

RESULTS AFTER ADOPTION OF A TECHNIQUE:

The results of the lift irrigation scheme are:

1. Increase in food production and thereby increase in income level as the land turns into

irrigated land.

2. Removal of drought conditions and no problem of drinking water.

3. Stabilised agriculture as water is available whenever it is required.

PROBLEMS IN ADOPTION:

It is not easy to convince the farmers to adopt a technique of lift irrigation scheme.

The cost of the scheme is very high. For individual benefit a farmer will move heaven and

earth. But for a group of farmers, his approach is not that friendly and cooperative.

SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM:

It is the awareness that will solve the problem. An individual person can't bear the

cost of the scheme. He has to co-operate with others for his benefits. Pani Panchayat could

pursued the people in this manner. After completion of the completion of lift irrigation

scheme, beneficiaries come together once in a month for taking certain decisions. This

enhances the community spirit.

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Lift irrigation

CHAPTER 11

KEY FACTORS IN SUCCESS

Factors contributing success can be listed as below:

1. Participation of villagers in each and every stage of implementation of the programme.

2. Some financial assistance to the villagers from state government, advances from the bank.

3. This work is not labour oriented. But when the scheme is completed and brought in

operation, it will provides gainful employment to all the persons coming under the preview of

the scheme.

4. Whole work is done considering village as a unit, as some part of the village does not

receive benefits of other soil and water conservation works.

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Lift irrigation

CHAPTER 12
CONCLUSION

On conducting a thorough study about the lift irrigation scheme theoretically and

practically, we finally conclude that, irrigation facilities can be improved by using lift

irrigation technique and increase in food production and thereby increase in income level as

the land turns into irrigated land. Removal of drought conditions can be achieved and

therefore no problem of drinking water occurs. Stabilised agriculture as water is available

whenever it is required.

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Lift irrigation

CHAPTER 13
REFERENCE

1. MR. PRATAP REDDY


- (assistant engineer, S.R.S.P )

2. IRRIGATION ENGINEERING AND HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES


- By SONTOSH KUMAR GARG

3. WIKIPEDIA1
-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lift_irrigation
-http://members.tripod.com/~mah_watershed/lift.html

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