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The Perceptions of Small Business Owners on Tourism Development in the Blackstone Valley, Rhode Island


1. (WHAT?)

a. What perceptions and opinions do SMEs have regarding the region’s tourism development strategy?

b. In developing tourism opportunities, how do local businesses perceive the work of the BVTC and other

government or quasi-governmental organizations?

2. (WHY?)

Tourism is essential for giving life to economically declining regions thus the perceptions and opinions of SME

owners or other working on tourism are important as they are usually the ones who invest to tourism

opportunities. The researchers were also interested in understanding their perceptions about the following areas

:1) the local economic situation; 2) tourism; 3) the BVTC; 4) other government tourism and perceptions on the

existing tourism industry. This study also seeks to help BVTC in creating and implementing a comprehensive

regional sustainable tourism development plan that will promote economic development via tourism within

Blackstone Valley.

3. (HOW?)

Qualitative research methodology was applied. The study made use of in-depth semi-structured interviews to

better understand what factors affects the resident’s opinions with regards to the existing tourism industry. The

researcher’s also used random sampling, selecting twenty potential candidates from the island’s chamber of

commerce member list and three from the government sector. Nineteen (19) people were interviewed, sixteen

(16) SMEs involved in the tourism industry and three (3) government officials involved in tourism industry

development, in the nine Blackstone Valley communities. Thematic analysis and triangulation were used by the


4. (SO, WHAT?)

This particular research study is very helpful not only to SME’s but also to the Black Stone Valley Government

since it was able to aid the SME owners to voice out what they want the government to know and the government

was made aware of the needs of the businesses in their community, it also provided a list of recommendation

that if implemented will surely improve not only Blackstone’s Tourism but also its economy.
The Impact of Microfinance on Poverty Reduction in Egypt: An Empirical Study

Hala Helmy Elhadidi

1. (WHAT?)

a. What is the impact of microfinance on women’s livelihood and on the socioeconomic development of

low-income households, especially women who cannot access financial services due to their poverty?

b. What insight can be inferred from the role of microfinance on women’s empowerment in urban and rural

areas of a developing country, in this case Egypt?

2. What was the motivation behind the study? (WHY?)

This article aims to examine the role of Egyptian microfinance on household income. The objective of this paper

is to evaluate the impact of Egyptian microfinance on women’s livelihoods in Greater Cairo and selected rural

districts. The researchers selected Greater Cairo because it has the fastest growth. . In addition to that they also

mentioned that the reason for targeting women in this research is because they play a significant role in the well-

being of their household.

3. (HOW?)

To assess the impact of microfinance intervention, the researchers made use of the Randomized Control Trial.

A survey of 780 women was conducted. Four separate samples were drawn, using a random, multistage cluster

design, from 14 districts in Greater Cairo and selected rural areas in Egypt. The four groups were: established

clients from Greater Cairo (n = 360); new clients from Greater Cairo (n = 140); old clients from rural Egyptian

areas (n = 180); and new clients from rural Egyptian areas (n = 100).

4. What is your takeaway in this study? (SO, WHAT?)

Computerized vs. Non-computerized Accounting System of Small and Medium Enterprises in

Lipa City, Philippines: A Comparative Analysis

(Clark Kent Arcega, Emerenciana Datinguinoo, Jessica Guerra, Claudette Guno, Hanna Jean Mayuga, Evangeline

Villamena, Jiexel L.Manongsong)

1. (WHAT?)

 What are the possible effects of using accounting system on the level of performance of small

and medium enterprise businesses?

 What is the difference on the level of performance and problems encountered between

computerized and non-computerized accounting systems?

2. (WHY?)

 The researchers wanted to conduct the study to discover the most appropriate accounting system.

 The researchers also aim to find out if there are still organizations that uses manual accounting

system and are planning to switch to computerized ones.

3. (HOW?)

The study utilized descriptive research design. The study’s respondents include users of accounting systems in

128 SMEs. The study used an adopted questionnaire from “Computerization in the accounting office of Batelec

1: Basis for enhancement” by Maligaya and Catena (2014) as its major data gathering instrument. The study

analyzed and discussed through the use of tables the percentage distribution of the business profile, assessment

on the accounting system performance, problems encountered in using the system and the difference on the

accounting system performance and problems encountered between the two systems.

4. (SO, WHAT?)

Although the sample size was good, the problem lies in the method used in the research. The results of the study

would have been much more accurate if the researchers created and used their own questionnaire rather than

adopt one from a past study. Even though the findings of the study were useful, it cannot be utilized as a basis

for businesses in other parts of the country since the research was designed to only focus on Lipa city. To find

out what system is much more favored in other places, a separate study must be conducted.


(Dr. Revenio C. Jalagat, Jr.)

1. (WHAT?)

 What are the factors affecting the performance of graduates in the CPA board examination for the past

five years?

 What level of performance in the examination can be used as benchmark for meeting market demands?

2. (WHY?)

 The researchers conducted the study to assess the performance of the Three (3) selected

schools in the CPA board examination.

 This study will also be significant and beneficial to the following: School Administrators

for policy implications; curriculum designer for curriculum development and changes

based on the results; accountancy department who will implement such changes; to the

students both incoming and graduates; and to the college who will ensure the

effectiveness of the Accountancy program (Jalagat,2016).

3. (HOW?)

This study uses both descriptive and quantitative method of research. Nineteen (19) faculties all

were Certified Public Accountants; and fifty-six (56) graduates were taken as respondents. The

researchers used questionnaire to determine the performance of graduates in the CPA board

examination and the influence of selected variables considered in the study. The study was

conducted into three schools in Cagayan de Oro City namely: Liceo de Cagayan University,

Cagayan de Oro College, and Xavier University.

4. What is your takeaway in this study? (SO, WHAT?)



(Suryakant Mantry and Dr. Ranjit Roy Ghatak)

1. WHAT?

What are the factors influencing the competitiveness between Indian major ports and International major ports?

2. WHY?

Transportation is an important tool in achieving economic growth. Ports change as market changes. The

motivation of the study is to understand the factors that influence these major international ports in port

competitiveness and contrasting them with the Indian ports and also to understand the factors that are

preventing the Indian ports from competing with the international standards.

3. HOW?

The research made use of qualitative analysis, the prior researches done in indian ports and international ports

were contrasted and their overview was studied.

Government Expenditure, Efficiency and Economic Growth: A Panel Analysis of Sub Saharan African Low

Income Countries

(Edmund Lawrence Kimaro, Choong Chee Keong and Lau Lin Sea)

1. (WHAT?)

a. What are the impacts of government expenditure on economic growth of Sub Saharan African low income


b. Does government efficiency accelerate the impacts of government expenditure on economic growth of Sub

Saharan African low income countries? (Kimaro, Choong, and Lau,2017)

2. What was the motivation behind the study? (WHY?)

This study will propose rationale for government involvement in the economic management and its impact on

economic growth by using up to date economic information. The results will also bring an attention with regard

to the government efficiency and its significance towards accelerating the impacts of government expenditure

on economic growth.

3. How did the author(s) address the research question? For example, what were the analytical models, theories,

empirical framework, and measurement of key variables. (HOW?)

This paper employs panel data of 25 low income countries in Sub Saharan African region covering the period

from 2002 to 2015. Data are obtained from World Development Indicators (WDI) database.

However, Somalia and South Sudan are not incorporated in this analysis because they are deficient in data for

some important variables which are included in the model.

This paper conducts panel unit root tests by using Im-Pesaran-Shin (IPS) and Fisher ADF tests based on

Schwarz Info Criterion (SIC). This paper uses Pedroni test in order to perform panel cointegration test. The

aim is to examine if there exists a long run association between economic growth and its explanatory variables.

The data gathered was used to distinguish differences between increasing government expenditure and when

government expenditure was interacted with government efficiency.

4. What is your takeaway in this study? (SO, WHAT?)