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ZXDT22 SF01

Integrated Power Energy System


Solution Description

Version:V2.5

ZTE CORPORATION
No. 55, Hi-tech Road South, ShenZhen, P.R.China
Postcode: 518057
Tel: +86-755-26771900
Fax: +86-755-26770801
URL: http://support.zte.com.cn
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The ultimate right to interpret this product resides in ZTE CORPORATION.

Revision History

Revision No. Revision Date Revision Reason

R1.0 2017-01-10 First edition

Serial Number: SJ-20170116165231-001

Publishing Date: 2017-01-10 (R1.0)

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Contents
About This Manual ......................................................................................... I
Chapter 1 Solution Overview..................................................................... 1-1
1.1 Background ....................................................................................................... 1-1
1.2 Integrated Hybrid Energy Solution ...................................................................... 1-1
1.3 Features ........................................................................................................... 1-4

Chapter 2 Application Scenarios and Typical Configurations ............... 2-1


2.1 Solar Energy Application Scenario and Typical Configuration ............................... 2-1
2.2 Solar-Diesel Application Scenario and Typical Configuration ................................ 2-3
2.3 Lead-Acid Diesel-Electric Application Scenario and Typical Configuration ............. 2-6
2.4 FeLi Diesel-Electric Application Scenario and Typical Configuration ...................... 2-9
2.5 Sharing and Co-Construction Application Scenario and Typical Configuration ..... 2-12

Chapter 3 Hardware Composition............................................................. 3-1


3.1 Cabinets ............................................................................................................ 3-1
3.1.1 Independent Device Cabinet (Height: 1050 mm) ........................................ 3-1
3.1.2 Independent Device Cabinet (Height: 1750 mm) ........................................ 3-3
3.1.3 12 V Integrated Cabinet (Height: 1800 mm) .............................................. 3-6
3.1.4 12 V Integrated Cabinet (Height: 2200 mm) .............................................. 3-9
3.1.5 2 V Integrated Cabinet (Height: 2200 mm) .............................................. 3-12
3.2 Power Distribution Units.................................................................................... 3-16
3.2.1 AC Power Distribution Unit...................................................................... 3-16
3.2.2 DC Power Distribution Unit ..................................................................... 3-17
3.2.3 Sharing and Co-Construction Power Distribution Unit .............................. 3-18
3.3 Heat Dissipation Devices .................................................................................. 3-19
3.3.1 Heat Exchanger ..................................................................................... 3-19
3.3.2 Inner Circulating Fan .............................................................................. 3-20
3.4 Power Module Subracks ................................................................................... 3-20
3.4.1 2U Power Module Subrack ..................................................................... 3-20
3.4.2 3U Power Module Subrack ..................................................................... 3-21
3.5 Rectifier ........................................................................................................... 3-21
3.6 Solar Energy Power Module.............................................................................. 3-25
3.7 Centralized Supervision Unit (CSU) ................................................................... 3-28
3.8 Inverter............................................................................................................ 3-30
3.8.1 1 KVA Inverter........................................................................................ 3-30

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3.8.2 3 KVA Inverter........................................................................................ 3-33
3.9 Ancillary Devices.............................................................................................. 3-35
3.9.1 Integrated Generator Set ........................................................................ 3-35
3.9.2 Imbedded ATS ....................................................................................... 3-37
3.9.3 Solar Photovoltaic Module ...................................................................... 3-39
3.9.4 Solar Bracket ........................................................................................ 3-40
3.9.5 Battery................................................................................................... 3-41
3.10 Signal Processing Modules ............................................................................. 3-42
3.10.1 UIB...................................................................................................... 3-42
3.10.2 GMU ................................................................................................... 3-43
3.10.3 FBMU-B .............................................................................................. 3-45
3.10.4 CEU .................................................................................................... 3-46
3.10.5 BCU .................................................................................................... 3-47
3.10.6 BRU .................................................................................................... 3-49

Chapter 4 Technical Specifications .......................................................... 4-1


4.1 Electrical Specifications ...................................................................................... 4-1
4.2 Interface Specifications....................................................................................... 4-2
4.3 Structural Specifications ..................................................................................... 4-3
4.4 Security Protection Specifications........................................................................ 4-4
4.5 Environmental Specifications ............................................................................. 4-5

Glossary .......................................................................................................... I

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About This Manual
Purpose
This manual is applicable to the ZXDT22 SF01 (V2.5) integrated power energy system.
The ZXDT22 SF01 is an outdoor energy solution, and can convert hybrid energy
(diesel-electric), electric energy, and solar energy into -48 V DC power for communication
equipment.
This manual helps users to learn about the application scenarios, features, structure, and
components of the integrated power energy system.

Intended Audience
This manual is intended for:
l Planning engineers
l Maintenance engineers

What Is in This Manual


This manual contains the following chapters.

Chapter 1, Solution Provides an overview of the solution, and describes its background and
Overview features.

Chapter 2, Describes the application scenarios and typical configurations of the system.
Application
Scenarios
and Typical
Configurations

Chapter 3, Hardware Describes key hardware devices of the system.


Composition

Chapter 4, Technical Describes the technical specifications of the system.


Specifications

Related Documentation
The following documentation is related to this manual:
l ZXDT22 SF01 (V2.5) Integrated Power Energy System Quick Installation and
Debugging Guide
l ZXDT22 SF01 (V2.5) Integrated Power Energy System Maintenance Guide
l ZXDT CSU510B (V2.05.00.00) Integrated Supervision Unit Operation Guide

Conventions
This manual uses the following conventions.

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Italics Variables in commands. It may also refer to other related manuals and documents.

Danger: indicates an imminently hazardous situation. Failure to comply will result in


death or serious personal injury.

Warning: indicates a potentially hazardous situation. Failure to comply can result in


death or serious personal injury.

Caution: indicates a potentially hazardous situation. Failure to comply can result in


moderate or minor personal injury.

Notice: indicates equipment or environment safety information. Failure to comply


can result in equipment damage, data loss, equipment performance degradation,
environmental contamination, or other unpredictable results.

Note: provides additional information about a topic.

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Chapter 1
Solution Overview
Table of Contents
Background................................................................................................................1-1
Integrated Hybrid Energy Solution .............................................................................1-1
Features ....................................................................................................................1-4

1.1 Background
The hybrid power supply solution has become a mainstream solution in the future, which
supplies power for the communication stations with no mains supply or weak mains supply.
In a hybrid power supply scenario, a common solution may have the following
disadvantages:
l Cannot protect the recharging current-limit module of lithium-iron batteries.
l Complicated foreground parameter configuration during commissioning.
l No APP tools for engineering maintenance.
l Not applicable to low-temperature scenarios.
l Multiple management caused by mixed use of lead-acid batteries and lithium-iron
batteries.
To solve the problems above, the ZXDT22 SF01 uses an integrated structure to integrate
various processes (such as energy generation, energy conversion, and energy storage)
to facilitate installation and maintenance and reduce footprint and installation costs.

1.2 Integrated Hybrid Energy Solution


Figure 1-1 shows the implementation principle of the ZXDT22 SF01 integrated hybrid
energy solution.

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

Figure 1-1 Implementation Principle of the Integrated Hybrid Energy Solution

For a description of the components of the ZXDT22 SF01 integrated hybrid energy solution,
refer to Table 1-1.

Table 1-1 Component Description of the ZXDT22 SF01 Integrated Hybrid Energy
Solution

Component Description

Integrated AC power Supports the AC lightning protection function, and implements


hybrid energy distribution unit the access, protection and distribution of three-phase AC
system power supply.

ATS If there are two channels of AC input, an embedded Automatic


Transfer Switch (ATS) can be used. It is used to automatically
switch between two channels of AC input and send one
channel of AC power supply to the DC power distribution box.
You can use either the AC distribution box or embedded ATS.

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Chapter 1 Solution Overview

Component Description

DC power There are the following two types of DC power distribution


distribution box boxes:
l Supports the DC lightning protection function, implements
the distribution and protection of DC output, connects to
battery packs, detects the battery current and loads, and
performs LLVD1 and LLVD2 (or BLVD).
l Supports the DC lightning protection and co-construction
and sharing functions, implements the distribution and
protection of DC output, connects to battery packs,
measures the electricity consumption of each tenant, and
performs LLVD1 and LLVD2 for each tenant.

Rectifier Implements the AC/DC conversion function to convert AC


power supply into -48 V DC power supply and then output it.

Solar power Implements the DC/DC conversion and supports the MPPT
module function to convert the DC power supply generated by the
solar board into -48 V DC power supply and then output it.

CSU Implements battery management, rectifier and solar power


module management, data management, alarm management,
diesel generator and mains supply management, and
maintenance management, and communicates with the back
end.

HBTS Hybrid battery switching system. It switches between lithium


iron batteries and lead-acid batteries.

FBMU Implements the charging and discharging control management


of a pack of lithium iron batteries to realize the protection and
high-efficient use of the batteries.

Battery pack Consists of multiple storage batteries, and serves as the


standby power supply.

BCU Detects the internal resistance of lead-acid batteries and


implements SOC evaluation and SOH evaluation.

Diesel generator Provides AC power input to DC power system communication


sites when the mains supply of communication sites is absent
or inadequate.

Solar photovoltaic array Consists of multiple solar photovoltaic components and solar
brackets.
It converts solar energy into electric energy.

Monitoring center Monitors the system at the network management center.

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

1.3 Features
The ZXDT22 SF01 system has the following features: unified supervision, unified power
distribution, compatible interfaces of rectifiers and solar energy modules, and small
footprint.
l Unified supervision
One CSU manages all the power modules (for example, AC/DC rectifiers and solar
PU modules), power distribution units (including AC distribution and DC distribution),
diesel generators, batteries, and the corresponding extension components in the
system.
l Modular design for easy capacity expansion
Each function module, such as rectifier, solar PU module, and supervision module,
uses modular design, supporting hot swapping and easy installation and maintenance.
The DC power distribution unit and power module use standard 19-inch subracks, with
unified interfaces, facilitating capacity expansion.
l Hybrid rectifiers and solar power modules
The size of the rectifiers and solar PU modules is the same. The back-end interfaces
are compatible, and the modules can be mixed.
l Lead-acid batteries and lithium-iron batteries
Lead-acid batteries and lithium-iron batteries can be configured simultaneously.

l Advanced digital control and efficient power conversion


The rectifier power factor is approximately 1, and the conversion efficiency reaches
96%, with lower harmonic currents and higher efficiency. The MPPT of solar PU
modules is approximately 99.8%, and the conversion efficiency reaches 98%, with
higher energy efficiency.
l High reliability design
Rectifiers can operate in parallel. Failure of any rectifier does not affect the operation
of other rectifiers. Two battery packs can be configured for redundancy.
l Smart management
Smart battery management, generator management, and unified management of
multiple energies can vastly prolong the useful life of batteries and diesel generators.
Using recycled energy improves energy efficiency. Complete supervision of the
operating status and parameters of the modules and components in the system
saves manual maintenance cost.

l Simplified integration

The ZXDT22 SF01 provides an integrated cabinet for the device batteries, with high
internal space usage and small footprint.

l Ease of maintenance

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Chapter 1 Solution Overview

Commissioning tools on PCs and APP tools on phones implement quick


commissioning and maintenance.
l Elaborate service management
Supports accurate tests of battery resistance and SOC, evaluating the health state of
batteries.
l Applicable to low-temperature operating environment
Supports battery compartment heating. The system is applicable to cold areas.

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

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Chapter 2
Application Scenarios and
Typical Configurations
Table of Contents
Solar Energy Application Scenario and Typical Configuration ....................................2-1
Solar-Diesel Application Scenario and Typical Configuration .....................................2-3
Lead-Acid Diesel-Electric Application Scenario and Typical Configuration .................2-6
FeLi Diesel-Electric Application Scenario and Typical Configuration ..........................2-9
Sharing and Co-Construction Application Scenario and Typical Configuration .........2-12

2.1 Solar Energy Application Scenario and Typical


Configuration
Application Scenario
In solar energy scenarios, solar energy supplies power for loads and devices and batteries
act as standby power supply. This application scenario is applicable to the regions where
the annually average daily illumination is more than four hours.
Figure 2-1 shows the network architecture of a solar energy application scenario.

Figure 2-1 Network Architecture of a Solar Energy Application Scenario

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

Typical Configuration
The following uses a 12 V integrated cabinet with a height of 2200 mm as an example. For
a description of the typical configuration of a solar energy scenario, refer to Figure 2-2.

Figure 2-2 Typical Configuration of a Solar Energy Application Scenario

1. Battery pack 3. CSU 5. Communication extension


2. Solar energy subrack 4. Signal processing board unit

For a description of the typical configuration, refer to Table 2-1.

Table 2-1 Typical Configuration of a Solar Energy Scenario

Component Quantity Configuration Description

Cabinet One Configure as required.

CSU One -

Signal processing board One -

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Chapter 2 Application Scenarios and Typical Configurations

Component Quantity Configuration Description

Solar energy subrack One 2U solar energy subracks or 3U solar energy


subracks can be configured.
l 2U solar energy subrack: A maximum
number of six solar energy power
modules is supported.
l 3U solar energy subrack: A maximum
number of nine solar energy power
modules is supported.

DC power distribution box One The number of PDUs depends on the contract
requirements.

Communication extension unit - Optional.


One communication extension unit can be
configured to realize wireless communication.

Inverter - Optional.
One 1 KVA or 3 KVA inverter can be configured
to provide AC output. It is recommended to
install the inverter in an empty slot at the
bottom of the subrack.

2.2 Solar-Diesel Application Scenario and Typical


Configuration
Application Scenario
The solar-diesel application scenario is a hybrid power supply scenario, which is applicable
to the small-size sites where site construction costs are limited and solar configuration
cannot fully meet the power supply needs of load devices.
Figure 2-3 shows the network architecture of a solar-diesel application scenario.

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

Figure 2-3 Network Architecture of a Solar-Diesel Application Scenario

The power supply modes of solar-diesel application scenario are described as follows:
l During the daytime, solar photovoltaic array collects solar energy and sends it to
the integrated power cabinet. Then, the integrated power cabinet converts the solar
energy into -48 V DC power to supply power to loads and charge battery packs. If
illumination is insufficient, the diesel generator supplies power to the loads.
l During the night, battery packs supply power to the load devices. After the batteries
are discharged to a certain degree, the diesel generator supply power to the load
devices.

Typical Configuration
The following uses a 12 V integrated cabinet with a height of 2200 mm as an example. For
a description of the typical configuration of a solar-diesel scenario, refer to Figure 2-4.

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Chapter 2 Application Scenarios and Typical Configurations

Figure 2-4 Typical Configuration of a Solar-Diesel Scenario

1. battery 4. CSU 7. Communication extension


2. PUs 5. Signal processing board unit
3. Rectifiers 6. GMU

For a description of the typical configuration, refer to Table 2-2.

Table 2-2 Typical Configuration of a Solar-Diesel Scenario

Component Quantity Configuration Description

Cabinet One The cabinet can be configured


according to the contract.

CSU One -

Signal processing board One -

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

Component Quantity Configuration Description

Power module subrack One 2U power module subracks or 3U


power module subracks can be
configured.
l 2U power module subrack: A
maximum number of six solar
power modules or rectifiers is
supported.
l 2U power module subrack: A
maximum number of nine solar
power modules or rectifiers is
supported.

DC power distribution box One The number of PDUs depends on the


contract requirements.

AC power distribution unit One -

GMU - Optional.
One GMU can be configured to extend
dry contacts.

Communication extension unit - Optional.


One communication extension unit
can be configured to realize wireless
communication.

Inverter - Optional.
One 1 KVA or 3 KVA inverter can be
configured to provide AC output. It is
recommended to install the inverter
in an empty slot at the bottom of the
subrack.

2.3 Lead-Acid Diesel-Electric Application Scenario and


Typical Configuration
Application Scenario
This diesel-electric hybrid application scenario is applicable to the following regions:
l The mains supply is absent or inadequate.
l The solar energy is relative inadequate or the solar power solution is not suitable.

Figure 2-5 shows the typical lead-acid diesel-electric application scenario of the ZXDT22
SF01.

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Chapter 2 Application Scenarios and Typical Configurations

Figure 2-5 Network Architecture of a Lead-Acid Diesel-Electric Application Scenario

Typical Configuration
The following uses a 12V integrated cabinet with a height of 2200 mm as an example.
For a description of the typical configuration of a lead-acid diesel-electric scenario, refer
to Figure 2-6.

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

Figure 2-6 Typical Configuration of a Lead-Acid Diesel-Electric Scenario

1. Lead-acid battery 4. Signal processing board 6. Communication extension


2. Rectifier 5. GMU unit
3. CSU 7. Imbedded ATS

For a description of the typical configuration, refer to Table 2-3.

Table 2-3 Typical Configuration of a Lead-Acid Diesel-Electric Scenario

Component Quantity Configuration Description

Cabinet One The cabinet can be configured


according to the contract.

CSU One -

Signal processing board One -

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Chapter 2 Application Scenarios and Typical Configurations

Component Quantity Configuration Description

Power module subrack One 2U power module subracks or 3U


power module subracks can be
configured.
l 2U power module subrack: A
maximum number of six power
module subracks is supported.
l 3U power module subrack: A
maximum number of nine power
module subracks is supported.

DC power distribution box One The number of PDUs depends on the


contract requirements.

AC power distribution unit One -

GMU - Optional.
One GMU can be configured to extend
dry contacts.

Communication extension unit - Optional.


One communication extension unit
can be configured to realize wireless
communication.

Imbedded ATS One Implements the automatic switching


between the disel generator and mains
supply.

Inverter - Optional.
One 1 KVA or 3 KVA inverter can be
configured to provide AC output. It is
recommended to install the inverter
in an empty slot at the bottom of the
subrack.

2.4 FeLi Diesel-Electric Application Scenario and


Typical Configuration
Application Scenario
This diesel-electric hybrid application scenario is applicable to the following regions:
l The mains supply is absent or inadequate.
l The solar energy is relative inadequate or the solar power solution is not suitable.

Figure 2-7 shows the typical FeLi diesel-electric application scenario of the ZXDT22 SF01.

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

Figure 2-7 Network Architecture of a FeLi Diesel-Electric Application Scenario

Typical Configuration
The following uses a 12V integrated cabinet with a height of 2200 mm as an example. For
a description of the typical configuration of a FeLi diesel-electric scenario, refer to Figure
2-8.

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Chapter 2 Application Scenarios and Typical Configurations

Figure 2-8 Typical Configuration of a FeLi Diesel-Electric Scenario

1. CSU510B 4. HBTS 8. Rectifier


2. Communication extension 5. GMU 9. FeLi battery
unit 6. FBMU-B unit
3. Imbedded ATS 7. Signal processing board

For a description of the typical configuration, refer to Table 2-4.

Table 2-4 Typical Configuration of a FeLi Diesel-Electric Scenario

Component Quantity Configuration Description

Cabinet One The cabinet can be configured


according to the contract.

CSU One -

Signal processing board One -

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

Component Quantity Configuration Description

Power module subrack One 2U power module subracks or 3U


power module subracks can be
configured.
l 2U power module subrack: A
maximum number of six power
module subracks is supported.
l 3U power module subrack: A
maximum number of nine power
module subracks is supported.

DC power distribution box One The number of PDUs depends on the


contract requirements.

FBMU-B 1–3 Configure one FBMU-A unit for each


FeLi battery pack. The configuration
number of FBMU-As depends on the
number of FeLi batteries.

AC power distribution unit One -

GMU - Optional.
One GMU can be configured to extend
dry contacts.

Communication extension unit - Optional.


One communication extension unit
can be configured to realize wireless
communication.

Imbedded ATS One Implements the automatic switching


between the diesel generator and
mains supply.

HBTS - Optional. One HBTS can implement


switchover between lead-acid batteries
and lithium-iron batteries.

2.5 Sharing and Co-Construction Application Scenario


and Typical Configuration
Application Scenario
This application scenario supports the statistics on the electricity consumption of up to
four tenants. In this application scenario, the sharing and co-construction distribution unit
respectively controls the LLVD1 of each tenant and provides the unified control of LLVD2,
provides a load air breaker to each tenant to control LLVD1 and LLVD2, and configure

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Chapter 2 Application Scenarios and Typical Configurations

an independent power distribution box for each tenant to implement the distribution and
cabling of loads.

Typical Configuration
The following uses a 1750 mm independent device cabinet as an example.

Figure 2-9 Typical Configuration of a Sharing and Co-Construction Application


Scenario

1. Imbedded ATS 4. Power module subrack 6. Signal processing board


2. Communication extension 5. Power sharing and 7. CSU
unit co-construction power
3. GMU distribution unit

For a description of the typical configuration, refer to Table 2-5.

Table 2-5 Typical Configuration of a Sharing and Co-Construction Application Scenario

Component Quantity Configuration Description

Cabinet One The cabinet can be configured


according to the contract.

CSU One -

Signal processing board One -

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

Component Quantity Configuration Description

Power module subrack One 2U power module subracks or 3U


power module subracks can be
configured.
l 2U power module subrack: A
maximum number of six power
module subracks is supported.
l 3U power module subrack: A
maximum number of nine power
module subracks is supported.

Sharing and co-construction power One The Sharing and co-construction power
distribution unit distribution unit can be configured
based on the contract. The actual
shipment shall prevail.

AC power distribution unit One -

GMU - Optional.
One GMU can be configured to extend
dry contacts.

Communication extension unit - Optional.


One communication extension unit
can be configured to realize wireless
communication.

Imbedded ATS One Implements the automatic switching


between the disel generator and mains
supply.

Inverter - Optional.
One 1 KVA or 3 KVA inverter can be
configured to provide AC output. It is
recommended to install the inverter
in an empty slot at the bottom of the
subrack.

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Chapter 3
Hardware Composition
Table of Contents
Cabinets.....................................................................................................................3-1
Power Distribution Units ...........................................................................................3-16
Heat Dissipation Devices..........................................................................................3-19
Power Module Subracks...........................................................................................3-20
Rectifier....................................................................................................................3-21
Solar Energy Power Module .....................................................................................3-25
Centralized Supervision Unit (CSU)..........................................................................3-28
Inverter.....................................................................................................................3-30
Ancillary Devices ......................................................................................................3-35
Signal Processing Modules ......................................................................................3-42

3.1 Cabinets
3.1.1 Independent Device Cabinet (Height: 1050 mm)
External View
Figure 3-1 shows the external view of a 1050 mm independent device cabinet.

Figure 3-1 External View of the Independent Device Cabinet (Height: 1050 mm)

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

Structure
Figure 3-2 shows the internal view of the cabinet.

Figure 3-2 Internal View of the Independent Device Cabinet (Height: 1050 mm)

1. Heat exchanger 6. GMU 12. Inner circulating fan


2. AC power distribution unit 7. Solar power module
3. Base 8. Rectifier
4. Imbedded ATS 9. DC power distribution box
5. Communication extension 10. Signal processing board
unit 11. CSU

For a description of the components, refer to Table 3-1.

Table 3-1 Component Descriptions of an Independent Device Cabinet (Height: 1050


mm)

Name Function

Heat exchanger Maintains the normal operating temperature inside the cabinet.

AC power distribution Implements the input, lightning protection, and distribution of AC power
unit supply.

Base Used to support the cabinet.

Imbedded ATS Implements the switching between two channels of AC power supplies.

Communication Supports USB interfaces so that cameras, 3G data cards, and flash disks
extension unit can be connected at the same time.

GMU Helps the CSU to monitor and manage the diesel generator.

Solar power module Convert the electric energy provided by the photovoltaic components into
-48 V stable DC power supply.

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Chapter 3 Hardware Composition

Name Function

Rectifier Converts AC power into DC power for loads and battery charging.

DC power distribution Connects to batteries, and implements the lightning protection and
box distribution of DC power supply.

CSU Manages and monitors the integrated energy system.

Signal processing Provides input and output dry contacts and detection interfaces to the
board system.

Inner circulating fan Operates together with the heat exchanger to maintain the normal operating
temperature inside the cabinet.

Structural Specifications
Table 3-2 Structural Specifications

Item Specifications

Cabinet dimensions (H × W × D) (excluding the 900 mm × 700 mm × 700 mm


base)

Base dimensions (H × W × D) 150 mm × 700 mm × 700 mm

3.1.2 Independent Device Cabinet (Height: 1750 mm)


External View
Based on different heat dissipation modes, 1750 mm independent device cabinets can be
divided into the following two types:
l Straight ventilation type
l Heat exchanger type
The following uses a heat exchanger type cabinet as an example. shows the external view
of the cabinet.

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Structure
Figure 3-3 shows the internal view of the cabinet.

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Figure 3-3 Internal View of the Independent Device Cabinet (Height: 1750 mm)

1. Heat exchanger 6. Communication extension 10. DC power distribution box


2. AC power distribution unit unit 11. Signal processing board
3. Base 7. GMU 12. CSU
4. Reserved device space 8. Solar power module 13. Inner circulating fan
5. Imbedded ATS 9. Rectifier

For a description of the components, refer to Table 3-3.

Table 3-3 Component Descriptions of an Independent Device Cabinet (Height: 1750


mm)

Name Function

Heat exchanger Maintains the normal operating temperature inside the cabinet.

AC power distribution Implements the input, lightning protection, and distribution of AC power
unit supply.

Base Used to support the cabinet.

Reserved device space Reserves space as required to install devices.

Imbedded ATS Implements the switching between two channels of AC power supplies.

Communication Supports USB interfaces so that cameras, 3G data cards, and flash disks
extension unit can be connected at the same time.

GMU Helps the CSU to monitor and manage the diesel generator.

Solar power module Convert the electric energy provided by the photovoltaic components into
48 V stable DC power supply.

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Name Function

Rectifier Converts AC power into DC power for loads and battery charging.

DC power distribution Connects to batteries, and implements the lightning protection and
box distribution of DC power supply.

CSU Manages and monitors the integrated energy system.

Signal processing Provides input and output dry contacts and detection interfaces to the
board system.

Inner circulating fan Operates together with the heat exchanger to maintain the normal operating
temperature inside the cabinet.

Structural Specifications
Table 3-4 Structural Specifications

Item Specifications

Cabinet dimensions (H × W × D) (excluding the 1600 mm × 700 mm × 700 mm


base)

Base dimensions (H × W × D) 150 mm × 700 mm × 700 mm

3.1.3 12 V Integrated Cabinet (Height: 1800 mm)


External View
Based on different heat dissipation modes, 12 V integrated cabinets with a height of 1800
mm can be divided into the following two types:
l Straight ventilation type
l Heat exchanger + 500 W air conditioner type
Figure 3-4 shows the external view of a 12 V integrated cabinet with a height of 1800 mm.

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Figure 3-4 External View of a 12 V Integrated Cabinet (Height: 1800 mm)

Structure
A 12 V integrated cabinet (height: 1800 mm) has two layers of built-in batteries. Figure
3-5 shows the internal view of the cabinet.

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Figure 3-5 Internal View of a 12 V Integrated Cabinet (Height: 1800 mm)

1. Heat exchanger 6. BCU 11. Communication extension


2. AC power distribution unit 7. Rectifier unit
3. FBMU-B unit 8. DC power distribution unit 12. GMU
4. Air conditioner 9. CSU 13. Imbedded ATS
5. FeLi battery 10. Signal processing board 14. Inner circulating fan

For a description of the components, refer to Table 3-5,

Table 3-5 Component Descriptions of an Integrated Cabinet (Height: 1800 mm)

Name Function

Heat exchanger Maintains the normal operating temperature inside the cabinet.

Air conditioner Dissipates the heat generated from batteries.

Base Used to support the cabinet.

Lead-acid battery Customized as required to supply power for devices.

FeLi battery Customized as required to supply power for devices.

Rectifier Converts AC power supply into DC power supply.

DC power distribution Connects to batteries, and implements the lightning protection and
box distribution of DC power supply.

CSU Manages and monitors the integrated energy system.

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Name Function

Signal processing Provides input and output dry contacts and detection interfaces to the
board system.

FBMU-B unit Manages the charging and discharging of FeLi batteries. The FBMU-A unit
can be configured only if FeLi batteries are used.

GMU Helps the CSU to monitor and manage the diesel generator.

Communication Supports USB interfaces so that cameras, 3G data cards, and flash disks
extension unit can be connected at the same time.

BCU Detects the internal resistance of batteries.

HBTS Hybrid battery switching system. The HBTS can be configured only if the
system uses lead-acid batteries and FeLi batteries

Structural Specifications
Table 3-6 Structural Specifications

Item Specifications

Cabinet dimensions (H × W × D) (excluding the 1600 mm × 700 mm × 700 mm


base)

Base dimensions (H × W × D) 200 mm × 700 mm × 700 mm

3.1.4 12 V Integrated Cabinet (Height: 2200 mm)


External View
Based on different heat dissipation modes, 12 V integrated cabinets with a height of 2200
mm can be divided into the following two types:
l Straight ventilation type
l Heat exchanger + 500 W air conditioner type
Figure 3-6 shows the external view of a 12 V integrated cabinet with a height of 2200 mm.

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Figure 3-6 External View of a 12 V Integrated Cabinet (Height: 2200 mm)

Structure
A 12 V integrated cabinet (height: 2,200 mm) has three layers of built-in batteries. Figure
3-7 shows the internal view of the cabinet.

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Figure 3-7 Internal View of a 12 V Integrated Cabinet (Height: 2200 mm)

1. Air conditioner 5. AC power distribution unit 10. Signal processing board


2. CSU 6. Imbedded ATS 11. DC power distribution unit
3. Communication extension 7. HBTS 12. Rectifier
unit 8. GMU 13. FeLi battery
4. Heat exchanger 9. FBMU-B unit

For a description of the components, refer to Table 3-7,

Table 3-7 Component Descriptions of an Integrated Cabinet (Height: 2200 mm)

Name Function

Heat exchanger Maintains the normal operating temperature inside the cabinet.

AC power distribution Implements the input, lightning protection, and distribution of AC power
unit supply.

Air conditioner Dissipates the heat generated from batteries.

Base Used to support the cabinet.

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Name Function

Lead-acid battery Customized as required to supply power for devices.

FeLi battery Customized as required to supply power for devices.

Rectifier Converts AC power supply into DC power supply.

DC power distribution Connects to batteries, and implements the lightning protection and
box distribution of DC power supply.

CSU Manages and monitors the integrated energy system.

Signal processing Provides input and output dry contacts and detection interfaces to the
board system.

GMU Helps the CSU to monitor and manage the diesel generator.

FBMU-B Manages the charging and discharging of FeLi batteries. The FBMU-A unit
can be configured only if FeLi batteries are used.

Communication Supports USB interfaces so that cameras, 3G data cards, and flash disks
extension unit can be connected at the same time.

HBTS Hybrid battery switching system. The HBTS can be configured only if the
system uses lead-acid batteries and FeLi batteries

Imbedded ATS Implements the switching between two channels of AC power supplies.

Structural Specifications
Table 3-8 Structural Specifications

Item Specifications

Cabinet dimensions (H × W × D) (excluding the 2,000 mm × 700 mm × 700 mm


base)

Base dimensions (H × W × D) 200 mm × 700 mm × 700 mm

3.1.5 2 V Integrated Cabinet (Height: 2200 mm)


External View
Based on different heat dissipation modes, 2 V integrated cabinets with a height of 2,200
mm can be divided into the following two types:

l Straight ventilation type


l Heat exchanger + 500 W air conditioner type
The following uses a heat exchanger + 500 W air conditioner type integrated cabinet as
an example. Figure 3-8 shows the external view of the cabinet.

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Figure 3-8 External View of a 2 V Integrated Cabinet (Height: 2200 mm)

Structure
Figure 3-9 shows the internal view of the cabinet.

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Figure 3-9 Internal View of a 2 V Integrated Cabinet (Height: 2200 mm)

1. Heat exchanger 5. Solar power module 9. CSU


2. Air conditioner 6. Rectifier 10. Signal processing board
3. Base 7. GND connector bar 11. GMU
4. Battery 8. DC power distribution box

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Chapter 3 Hardware Composition

12. Communication extension 13. Inner circulating fan 15. AC power distribution box
unit 14. Imbedded ATS

For a description of the components, refer to Table 3-9,

Table 3-9 Component Descriptions of a 2 V Integrated Cabinet (Height: 2200 mm)

Name Function

Heat exchanger Maintains the normal operating temperature inside the cabinet.

Air conditioner Dissipates the heat generated from batteries to maintain the normal
operating temperature.

Base Used to support the cabinet.

Battery 2 V lead acid batteries are used to supply power for loads.

Solar power module Convert the electric energy provided by the photovoltaic components into
48 V stable DC power supply.

Rectifier Converts AC power into DC power for loads and battery charging.

GND connector bar Used to connect to the grounding cable.

DC power distribution Connects to batteries, and implements the lightning protection and
box distribution of DC power supply.

CSU Manages and monitors the integrated energy system.

Signal processing Provides input and output dry contacts and detection interfaces to the
board system.

GMU Helps the CSU to monitor and manage the diesel generator.

Communication Supports USB interfaces so that cameras, 3G data cards, and flash disks
extension unit can be connected at the same time.

Inner circulating fan Operates together with the heat exchanger to maintain the normal operating
temperature inside the cabinet.

Imbedded ATS Implements the switching between two channels of AC power supplies.

AC power distribution Implements the input, lightning protection, and distribution of AC power
box supply.

Structural Specifications
Table 3-10 Structural Specifications

Item Specifications

Cabinet dimensions (H × W × D) (excluding the 2100 mm × 1050 mm × 1050 mm


base)

Base dimensions (H × W × D) 100 mm × 1050 mm × 1050 mm

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3.2 Power Distribution Units


3.2.1 AC Power Distribution Unit
Function
An AC distribution unit provides the following functions:
l Implements the input of AC power supply.
l Provides AC input over-current protection.
l Provides AC lightening protection.

Structure
Figure 3-10 shows the structure of an AC power distribution unit.

Figure 3-10 Components of an AC Power Distribution Unit

1. Standby AC output 3. AC lightening protection 4. AC input air circuit breaker


2. AC output air circuit breaker module

For a description of the components of an AC power distribution unit, refer to Table 3-11.

Table 3-11 Component Descriptions of an AC Power Distribution Unit

Component Function

Standby AC output Provides three-phase AC power supply.

AC output air circuit breaker Provides the over-current protection function and
controls the connection and disconnection of
standby AC output power supply.

AC lightening protection module Provides AC lightening protection.

AC input air circuit breaker Provides the over-current protection function and
controls the connection and disconnection of AC
input power supply.

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3.2.2 DC Power Distribution Unit


Function
A DC distribution unit provides the following functions:
l Distributes DC power supplies.
l Connects battery packs.
l Provides DC output over-current protection.
l Provides DC lightening protection.
l Supports the LLVD1, LLVD2, and BLVD functions.

Structure
Figure 3-11 shows the structure of a DC power distribution unit.

Figure 3-11 Components of a DC Power Distribution Unit

For a description of the components of a DC power distribution unit, refer to Table 3-12.

Table 3-12 Component Descriptions of a DC Power Distribution Unit

Component Function

DC output air circuit breaker (LLVD1) Provides the over-current protection function and
controls the connection and disconnection of DC
output for LLVD1.

DC output air circuit breaker (LLVD2) Provides the over-current protection function and
controls the connection and disconnection of DC
output for LLVD2.

Battery air circuit breaker Provides the over-current protection function and
controls the connection and disconnection of the
battery circuit.

DC lightening protection module Provides DC lightening protection.

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3.2.3 Sharing and Co-Construction Power Distribution Unit


Function
A sharing and co-construction distribution unit provides the following functions:
l Supports the statistics on the electricity consumption of up to four tenants.
l Respectively controls the LLVD1 of each tenant and provides the unified control of
LLVD2.
l Provides a load air breaker to each tenant to control LLVD1 and LLVD2.
l Connects battery packs.
l Provides DC output over-current protection.
l Provides DC lightening protection.

Structure
Figure 3-12 shows the structure of a sharing and co-construction distribution unit.

Figure 3-12 Components of a Sharing and Co-Construction Power Distribution Unit

1. DC output air circuit breaker 2. DC output air circuit breaker 4. Battery air circuit breaker 2
(LLVD1) (LLVD2) 5. DC lightening protection
3. Battery air circuit breaker 1 module

For a description of the components of a sharing and co-construction distribution unit, refer
to Table 3-13.

Table 3-13 Component Descriptions of a Sharing and Co-Construction Power


Distribution Unit

Component Function

DC output air circuit breaker (LLVD1) Provides the over-current protection function and
controls the connection and disconnection of DC
output for LLVD1.

DC output air circuit breaker (LLVD2) Provides the over-current protection function and
controls the connection and disconnection of DC
output for LLVD2.

Battery air circuit breaker Provides the over-current protection function and
controls the connection and disconnection of the
battery circuit.

DC lightening protection module Provides DC lightening protection.

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3.3 Heat Dissipation Devices


3.3.1 Heat Exchanger
External View
A heat exchanger is used to maintain the normal operating temperature inside a cabinet.
Figure 3-13 shows the external view of a heat exchanger.

Figure 3-13 External View of a Heat Exchanger

Operating Principle
Figure 3-14 shows the operating principles of a heat exchanger.

Figure 3-14 Operating Principle of a Heat Exchanger

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As shown in Figure 3-14, the operating principles of a heat exchanger are described as
follows:
1. A heat exchanger sucks cold air from the bottom of a cabinet.
2. Cold air cools the cabinet from bottom to up while cold air is gradually becoming warm
air.
3. Warm air is discharged from the top of the cabinet.

3.3.2 Inner Circulating Fan


An inner circulating fan is located on the top of a cabinet, which operates together with a
heat exchanger to implement heat dissipation inside the cabinet.
Figure 3-15 shows the front view of an inner circulating fan.

Figure 3-15 Front View of an Inner Circulating Fan

3.4 Power Module Subracks


3.4.1 2U Power Module Subrack
Structure
A 2U power module subrack supports up to six slots to realize the flexible configuration
of rectifiers and PU modules. It also supports Genset Management Units (GMU) and
Communication Extension Units (CEU) to save extension space.
Figure 3-16 shows the structure of a 2U power module subrack.

Figure 3-16 Structure of a 2U Power Module Subrack

Technical Specifications
For the technical specifications of a 2U power module subrack, refer to Table 3-14.

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Table 3-14 Technical Specifications of a 2U Power Module Subrack

Item Technical Specification

Dimensions Width: 19-inch, height: 2U (1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1U


= 44.45 mm)

Number of power modules that can be installed Maximum configuration: 6

3.4.2 3U Power Module Subrack


Structure
A 3U power module subrack supports up to nine slots to realize the flexible configuration
of rectifiers and PU modules. It also supports Genset Management Units (GMU) and
Communication Extension Units (CEU) to save extension space.
Figure 3-17 shows the structure of a 3U power module subrack.

Figure 3-17 Structure of a 3U Power Module Subrack

1. Rectifier 2. PU module

Technical Specifications
For the technical specifications of a 3U power module subrack, refer to Table 3-15.
Table 3-15 Technical Specifications of a 3U Power Module Subrack

Item Technical Specification

Dimensions Width: 19-inch, height: 3U (1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1U


= 44.45 mm)

Number of power modules that can be installed Maximum configuration: 9

3.5 Rectifier
Function
A rectifier is used to convert AC input to DC output. It can supply power for loads and
charge battery packs.

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Structure
Figure 3-18 shows the structure of a rectifier.

Figure 3-18 Rectifier Structure

1. Fan 3. QUY button 5. Heat dissipation hole


2. Status indicator 4. Spanner (left/right) 6. Rectifier interface

For a description of the components of a rectifier, refer to Table 3-16.

Table 3-16 Component Descriptions of a Rectifier

No. Component Function

1 Fan Cools the rectifier.

2 Indicator Indicates the operating state of the rectifier.

3 QUY button When the DC power system uses a rectifier, if you press the QUY
button, the operating information and fault information of the rectifier
are displayed on the CSU of the DC power system. Then, you can
enter the corresponding parameter configuration page and modify
the ID of the rectifier.

4 Spanner When installing or removing a rectifier, you can use a spanner to


support the rectifier or fix it in the installation slot.

5 Heat dissipation Heat dissipation holes are used to help the heat dissipation of the
hole rectifier and must not be blocked by foreign matters.

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No. Component Function

6 Rectifier Electrical and signal interfaces, including the AC input interface,


interface DC output interface, CAN communication interface, and pluggable
charging interface.

Indicator
The indicators display the operational status of the rectifier. For the indicator descriptions,
refer to Table 3-17.

Table 3-17 Indicator Descriptions

Indicator
Rectifier Status
Power Run Alarm Fault

Lit Lit - Off Operating with stable


voltage

Flashing Off - Off Sleeping

Lit Flashing - Off Output current limit

Lit - Flashing - Communication


interruption

Lit - Lit - Alarms

Lit Off - Lit Faulty

• “-” indicates that the status of the indicator is unstable.

Technical Specifications
For a description of the technical specifications of a rectifier, refer to Table 3-18.

Table 3-18 Technical Specifications of a Rectifier

Type Item Specification

Environment Operating temperature -40 ºC to +75 ºC.

Storage temperature -40 ºC to +85 ºC.

Relative humidity ≤95% (no condensation).

Altitude l 0–2000 m: full power output.


l 2000 m–3000 m: An increase of every 100
meters in altitude results in a decrease of 1%
system power output.

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Type Item Specification

AC AC input mode Single-phase three-wire system (L/N/PE).

AC input voltage l Rated input voltage range: 100–240 V.


l Input voltage range: 85–295 V.

Maximum input current 18 A.

Frequency l Rated frequency: 50 Hz/60 Hz.


l Frequency range: 45–66 Hz.

Input power factor ≥ 0.998 (rated input and rated output)

DC Maximum output power 3000 W (input voltage: 176–295 V, ambient


temperature: -40 to +55 ºC).

Rated DC output voltage 53.5 V.

Adjustable output voltage 42–59.5 V (adjusted through the CSU of the DC


range power system).

Output current limiting value You can set an output current limiting value within
the range of 5 to 63.5 A through the CSU of the
DC power system.

Output efficiency l Peak efficiency ≥ 96%


l Output efficiency of rated load ≥ 95%

Security Insulating strength l 2840 VDC voltage is provided between the


AC input terminal and the shell for one minute,
neither breakdown nor flashover occurs, and
steady leakage current is smaller than 1 mA.
l 4240 VDC voltage is provided between the AC
input terminal and the DC output terminal for
one minute, neither breakdown nor flashover
occurs, and steady leakage current is smaller
than 1 mA.
l 707 VDC voltage is provided between the DC
output terminal and the shell for one minute,
neither breakdown nor flashover occurs, and
steady leakage current is smaller than 1 mA.
l 707 VDC voltage is provided between another
interface and the shell for one minute, neither
breakdown nor flashover occurs, and steady
leakage current is smaller than 1 mA.

Security standard IEC60950.

Electromagnetic EN55022 class B and IEC61000.


compatibility (EMC)

Reliability Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF) ≥ 2 × 105 h.

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Type Item Specification

Structure Dimensions (H x W x D) 41.5 mm × 132 mm × 300 mm.

Weight 2 kg.

3.6 Solar Energy Power Module


Function
A solar energy power module is used to convert the electrical energy provided by the
photovoltaic unit (PU) module into steady 48 VDC.

Front View
Figure 3-19 shows the front view of a solar energy power module.

Figure 3-19 Front View of a Solar Energy Power Module

Structure
Figure 3-20 shows the structure of a solar energy power module.

Figure 3-20 Structure of a Solar Energy Power Module

1. Status indicator 3. Photovoltaic Unit (PU)


2. Button module input interface

For a description of the components of a solar energy power module, refer to Table 3-19.

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Table 3-19 Component Descriptions of a Solar Energy Power Module

Component Function

Status indicator Indicates the operating state of the solar energy power module.

Button By pressing this button, you can quickly display the menu page of the solar
energy power module on the Centralized Supervision Unit (CSU).

photovoltaic unit Connects a PU module.


(PU) module input
interface

Status Indicators
Figure 3-21 shows the status indicators of a solar energy power module.

Figure 3-21 Status Indicators of a Solar Energy Power Module

For a description of the status indicators of a solar energy power module, refer to Table
3-20.

Table 3-20 Status Indicators of a Solar Energy Power Module

Indicator Status Description Remarks

Power (green) Off No input is available or -


the ancillary power of
the solar energy power
module is faulty.

On Input is available and


the ancillary power of
the solar energy power
module is normal.

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Indicator Status Description Remarks

RUN (green) Off Power-off -

Slowly blinking Enters the MPPT


scanning and tracking
state.

Quickly blinking Enters the current limiting


state.

On Enters the stabilized


voltage state.

Alarm (amber) Off There is no alarm. This indicator raises


alarms that are mostly
Blinking The communication of
coming from external
the solar energy power
devices or other devices,
module is interrupted.
rather than solar energy
On Input overvoltage,
power modules.
input undervoltage,
over-temperature, or
address conflict

Fault (red) On Output overvoltage, This indicator raises


output overcurrent, fan alarms that are mostly
fault, or output fuse failure coming from this product
itself.

Technical Specifications
For a description of the technical specifications of a solar energy power module, refer to
Table 3-21.

Table 3-21 Technical Specifications of a Solar Energy Power Module

Type Item Specification

Environment Operating temperature -24 to +65 ºC

Storage temperature -40 to +85 ºC

Relative humidity ≤ 95% (no condensation)

PU module input Nominal input voltage 60 to 150 VDC

Maximum input current 35 A

Input voltage range 0 to 150 VDC

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Type Item Specification

Direct Current (DC) Maximum output current 55 A


output
Rated output voltage 53.5 V

Adjustable output voltage range 42 to 58 V

Self loss 5W

Peak efficiency 98%

MPPT precision l Static MPPT precision: 99.9%


l Dynamic MPPT precision: 99.5%

Security Insulating strength l 707 VDC voltage is provided


between the DC output terminal
and the shell to for one minute,
neither breakdown nor flashover
occurs, and steady leakage current
is smaller than 1 mA.
l 707 VDC voltage is provided
between another interface and
the shell for one minute, neither
breakdown nor flashover occurs,
and steady leakage current is
smaller than 1 mA.

Security standard IEC60950-1 and EN60950-1

Electromagnetic compatibility EN55022 class A and IEC61000


(EMC)

Structure Dimension (H x W x D) 41.5 mm x 132 mm x 300 mm

Weight 1.65 kg

3.7 Centralized Supervision Unit (CSU)


Function
l Management
à Provides discharging management, recharging management, and testing
management for battery packs.
à Controls auto sleep and saves energy for a rectifier.
à Supports the export of historical records through a USB drive.
à Allows you to query data, set parameters, and control the system through the
LCD display and operation buttons.
l Alarm

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Raises an alarm for protection when the power system becomes faulty.
l Monitoring
à Collects the operation data of the power system and monitors the operating status
of the power system in realtime.
à Reports data to the Supervision Center (SC) and receives the commands from
the SC to remotely monitor the power system.
l Remote access
Provides remote access to the Centralized Supervision Unit (CSU) through the
Internet Explorer (IE) 7.0 or later.

Structure
Figure 3-22 shows the structure of a CSU.

Figure 3-22 Structure of a CSU

1. Individual RS485 interface 4. RJ45 Ethernet interface 9. Extended analog detection


2. Multiplexing RS485 5. USB interface interface
interface 6. Indicator 10. Water sensor interface
3. RS232 serial 7. Display 11. Ambient humidity sensor
communication interface 8. Menu interface

For a description of the signal interfaces of a CSU, refer to Table 3-22.

Table 3-22 Signal Interfaces of a CSU

Interface Function

RS485_B0A0 Extends a functional board.

RS485_B1A1 Communicates with RS485 (It cannot be used together with any RS232
interface).

RS232 Communicates with RS232 (It cannot be used together with any RS485_B1A1
interface).

RJ45 Communicates with an Ethernet network.

USB Supports a USB drive only, instead of any SD card, mobile hard disk, MP3,
MP4, and other pluggable storage device.

Extended analog Detects extended analog.


detection

Water sensor Connects a water sensor.

Ambient humidity Connects an ambient humidity sensor.

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

Indicator
For a description of the indicators of a CSU, refer to Table 3-23.

Table 3-23 Indicator Descriptions of a CSU

Indicator Status Centralized Supervision Unit

Power RUN Alarm (CSU) Status

Lit Blinking Off Operating properly

Lit Lit or off - Faulty

Lit Blinking Blinking Alarm

Off Off Off Not operating

• The - sign indicates an unstable indicator.

Buttons
For a description of the buttons of a CSU, refer to Table 3-24.

Table 3-24 Button Descriptions of a CSU

Sign Button Function

▲ Up/direction Previous page/option switch/value increase

▼ Down/direction Next page/option switch/value decrease

◄ Left/direction Cursor moving to the left side/page switch

► Right/direction Cursor moving to the right side/page switch

Ent Confirmation Confirmation/saving

Esc Back Exit/cancellation

<◄+▲> Combination Press the ◄ and ▲ buttons to display the Language


Setting menu.

<▲+Ent> Combination Press the ▲ and Ent buttons to display the help information
of the current menu.

3.8 Inverter
3.8.1 1 KVA Inverter
A 1 KVA inverter is used to convert –48 VDC into 220 VAC for the purpose of providing
power to AC load. This section describes two 1 KVA inverter models: inverter A and
inverter B.

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Inverter A
Inverter A with output power of 1 kVA, see Figure 3-23. For the component descriptions,
refer to Table 3-25.

Figure 3-23 Inverter A

1. –48 V DC input terminal 4. Indicator 6. AC input/output terminal


2. Power switch 5. Relay signal interface (Lo/No/PE/PE/Ni/Li)
3. 220 V AC output socket

Table 3-25 Inverter A Components

No. Component Description

1 –48 V DC input terminal Connects the output terminal of the –48 V DC power
distribution unit to input the DC power to the inverter.

2 Power switch Enables or disables the inverter.


ON: indicates that the inverter is enabled.
OFF: indicates that the inverter is disabled.

3 220 V AC output socket Connects the connector of a 220 V AC load.


(L/N/PE)

4 Indicator Indicates the operational status of the inverter. Three


indicators are provided:
l INV.: If the inversion indicator is in green and remains
lit, it indicates that the inverter is operating properly; if
the indicator is flashing, AC input supplies power for
AC output.
l BAT.H/L (DC input): If the DC input indicator is in yellow
and remains lit, it indicates that DC input is improper.
l FAULT: If the fault indicator is in red and remains lit, it
indicates that the inverter is faulty.

5 Relay signal interface Provides alarm relay signal interfaces:


l 1, 2: alarm relay signals of abnormal AC input (SPD).
Open circuit indicates proper AC input and short circuit
indicates improper AC input.
l 1, 3: alarm relay signals of abnormal AC input (SPD).
Open circuit indicates proper AC input and short circuit
indicates improper AC input.
l 4, 5: alarm relay signals of abnormal inverter. Open
circuit indicates proper inversion and short circuit
indicates improper inversion.

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No. Component Description

l 4, 6: alarm relay signals of abnormal inverter. Open


circuit indicates proper inversion and short circuit
indicates improper inversion.

6 AC input/output terminal The upper three terminals are Lo, No, and PE respectively.
(Lo/No/PE/PE/Ni/Li) The terminals connect 220 V AC output cables to the
corresponding terminals.
The lower three terminals are PE, Ni, and Li respectively.
The terminals connect 220 V AC input cables to the
corresponding terminals.

Inverter B
Inverter B with output power of 1 kVA, see Figure 3-24. For the component descriptions,
refer to Table 3-26.

Figure 3-24 Inverter B

1. –48 V DC input terminal 4. 220 V AC output socket 2 7. Relay signal interface


2. Power switch 5. 220 V AC input socket
3. 220 V AC output socket 1 6. Indicator

Table 3-26 Inverter B Component Descriptions

No. Component Description

1 –48 V DC input terminal Connects the output terminal of the –48 V DC power
distribution unit to input the DC power to the inverter.

2 Power switch Enables or disables the inverter.


ON: indicates that the inverter is enabled.
OFF: indicates that the inverter is disabled.

3 220 V AC output socket 1 Connects the connector of a 220 V AC load.


(L/N/PE)

4 220 V AC output socket 2 Connects the connector of a 220 V AC load.


(L/N/PE)

5 220 V AC input socket Connects a 220 V AC input (L/N/PE) connector.


If an AC power supply is connected to the AC input socket,
AC output preferentially uses the AC input.

6 Indicator Indicates the operational status of the inverter. Four


indicators are provided.

7 Relay signal interface Provides alarm signals.

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3.8.2 3 KVA Inverter


A 3 KVA inverter is used to converts –48 VDC into 220 VAC for the purpose of providing
power to AC load. This section describes two 3 KVA inverter models: inverter C and
inverter D.

Inverter C
Inverter C with output power of 3 kVA, see Figure 3-25. For the component descriptions,
refer to Table 3-27.

Figure 3-25 Inverter C

1. –48 V DC input terminal 5. Relay signal interface 9. Lightning protection ground


2. AC input terminal/output 6. RS232 communication wire outlet
terminal interface 10. Earthing nut
3. AC input fuse 7. Indicator
4. AC output socket 8. Inverter power switch

Table 3-27 Inverter C Component Descriptions

No. Component Description

1 –48 V DC input terminal Connects the output terminal of the –48 V DC power
distribution unit to input the DC power to the inverter.

2 AC input (L/N)/output (N/L) Connects 220 V AC input (L/N) and 220 V AC output (N/L)
terminal terminals.

3 AC input fuse Protects AC input.

4 AC output socket (L/N/PE) Connects the connector of a 220 V AC load.

5 Relay signal interface Provides alarm relay signal interfaces:


l 1, 2: alarm relay signal of AC input undervoltage.
Open circuit indicates proper AC input and short circuit
indicates improper AC input.
l 3, 4: alarm relay signal of abnormal AC input. Open
circuit indicates proper AC input and short circuit
indicates improper AC input.
l 5, 6: alarm relay signal of abnormal inverter. Open
circuit indicates proper inversion and short circuit
indicates improper inversion.

6 RS232 communication Used for RS232 communication.


interface

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No. Component Description

7 Indicator Indicates the operational status of the inverter. Four


indicators are provided:
l INV.: If the inversion indicator is in green and remains
lit, it indicates that the inverter is operating properly; if
the indicator is flashing, AC input supplies power for
AC output.
l BAT.H/L (DC input): If the DC input indicator is in yellow
and remains lit, it indicates that DC input is improper.
l FAULT: If the fault indicator is in red and remains lit, it
indicates that the inverter is faulty.

8 Power switch Enables or disables the inverter.


ON: indicate that the inverter is enabled.
OFF: indicate that the inverter is disabled.

9 Lightning protection ground Cabling hole of the lightning protection ground wire.
wire outlet

10 Earthing nut Used for inverter earthing.

Inverter D
Inverter D with output power of 3 kVA, see Figure 3-26. For the component descriptions,
refer to Table 3-28.

Figure 3-26 Inverter D

1. Earthing terminal 5. AC output socket 1 8. Indicator


2. Power switch (L/N/PE) 9. Relay signal interface
3. DC input terminal 6. AC output socket 2 10. RS232 communication
4. AC input socket (L/N/PE) interface
7. AC output terminal (L/N/PE)

Table 3-28 Inverter C Component Descriptions

No. Component Description

1 Earthing terminal Used for inverter earthing.

2 Power switch Enables or disables the inverter.


ON: indicates that the inverter is enabled.
OFF: indicates that the inverter is disabled.

3 DC input terminal Connects the output terminal of the –48 V DC power


distribution unit to input the DC power to the inverter.

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No. Component Description

4 AC input socket Connects a 220 V AC input (L/N/PE) connector.


If an AC power supply is connected to the AC input socket,
AC output preferentially uses the AC input.

5 AC output socket 1 (L/N/PE) Connects the connector of a 220 V AC load.

6 AC output socket 2 (L/N/PE) Connects the connector of a 220 V AC load.

7 AC output terminal (L/N/PE) Connects a 220 V AC load.

8 Indicator Indicates the operational status of the inverter. Four


indicators are provided.

9 Relay signal interface Provides the fault alarm signals of the inverter. If the relay
is open, it indicates that the inverter is proper. If the relay is
closed, it indicates that the inverter is improper.

10 RS232 communication Used for RS232 communication.


interface

3.9 Ancillary Devices


3.9.1 Integrated Generator Set
An integrated generator set is used in the ZXDT22 SF01 hybrid energy solution, and
provides AC power input for the DC power system if no mains electricity is supplied
or mains electricity is unstable for a communication site. In this solution, a new site
is configured with a new generator set that is integrated with the ATS based on the
traditional diesel generator. This section uses the new generator set as an example.
For the external view of a typical generation set, see Figure 3-27.

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Figure 3-27 Structure of a Typical New Generator Set

Note:
The actual generator set is subject to your shipment if it is different from that shown in
Figure 3-27.

For the component descriptions of the generator set, refer to Table 3-29.

Table 3-29 Component Descriptions for the Generator Set

Component Description

Generator unit The generator unit is installed on the oil tank to convert the chemical energy of oil
to AC electrical energy. The generator unit with the following specifications can
be configured in the solution:
l Single-phase three-wire output: 7 kVA/10 kVA/15 kVA
l Three-phase five-wire output: 7 kVA/10 kVA/15 kVA/20 kVA/30 kVA/40 kVA

Oil tank The oil tank is installed on a specialized tank base on site to store and transport oil
to the generator unit. The oil tank with the following specifications can be configured
in the solution: 500 L/1000 L/1500 L/2000 L.

Controller The controller consists of a screen and related buttons to monitor the operational
status of the generator set and control the generator set.
For the controller descriptions, refer to the user manual of the generator set.

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Component Description

Electrical The electrical terminal includes AC input and AC output:


terminal l The single-phase three-wire generator set provides two connection terminals
for AC input (L/N) and two connection terminals for AC output (L/N) at least.
l The three-phase five-wire generator set provides four connection terminals for
AC input (L1/L2/L3/N) and four connection terminals for AC output (L1/L2/L3/N)
at least.
For the position and connection descriptions of the electrical terminal, refer to the
related user manual of the generator set.

Signal The signal terminal is connected to the upper-level supervision unit. It transmits the
terminals operational status and alarms of the generator unit to the supervision unit, receives
and performs a startup/stop command for the generator unit from the supervision
unit. The generator set includes the following signal terminals at least:
l One input relay receives a remote-control startup/stop message from the
supervision unit.
l One output relay transmits a failure message of the generator unit to the
supervision unit.
l One output relay transmits a failure message of the input terminal (mains
electricity or the other generator set) of the generator unit to the supervision
unit.
l One communication terminal (RS485) communicates with the supervision unit.
For the descriptions of the signal terminal positions and connections, refer to the
related user manual of the generator set.

Embedded The ATS unit can be embedded in the generator set to enable automatic switch
ATS unit between the following AC outputs:
(optional) l AC generated by the generator set.
l Mains electricity or other AC power supplies connected to the AC input terminal
of the generator set.
In an application scenario with multiple AC inputs and without the generator set, the
ATS unit should be configured independently.

Emergency Press the button to power off the generator set immediately.
stop button

3.9.2 Imbedded ATS


The ZXDUPA-ATSB01 is a dual-channel AC power supply switchover control system,
which integrates the switchover, switchover control, and AC power distribution functions.
It can be installed in a 19-inch rack. The dimensions of the ZXDUPA-ATSB01 are 5U ×
350 mm (H × D).
Figure 3-28 shows the external view of an imbedded ATS.

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Figure 3-28 External View of an Imbedded ATS

Figure 3-29 shows the internal view of an imbedded ATS.

Figure 3-29 Internal View of an Imbedded ATS

1. DC 48 V input 4. Class C SPD 8. Controller


2. Input of diesel generator 1 5. Switcher
or diesel generator 2 input 6. Manual mode of the
3. Input of mains supply or switcher
diesel generator 1 7. Fuse

An imbedded ATS provides the following features:


l Supports various operating modes.
à Mains supply + AC diesel generator

à Mains supply + DC diesel generator


à Dual AC diesel generators

l Supports the input of mains phase loss.


l Enable the AC power supply at any time as required.
l Provides the mains supply/diesel generator under-voltage and over-voltage alarm
function, under-frequency and over-frequency alarm function, reverse phase
sequence alarm function, power disconnection and connection failure alarm function,
unbalance voltage alarm function, and real-time protection function.

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Chapter 3 Hardware Composition

3.9.3 Solar Photovoltaic Module


A solar photovoltaic module is used to convert solar energy into electrical energy and
output electrical energy to the photovoltaic junction box through the cables on the rear
panel of the solar photovoltaic module.
The ZXDT22 SF01 supports two series of solar photovoltaic modules: 195 W/200 W series
and 245 W/250 W series. For the appearances of solar photovoltaic modules, see Figure
3-30.

Figure 3-30 Solar Photovoltaic Module

For the descriptions of two series of solar photovoltaic modules, refer to Table 3-30.

Table 3-30 Solar Photovoltaic Module Descriptions

Product Series Module Technical Specification

195 W/200 W Monocrystalline silicon. l Peak voltage: 36 V


The solar photovoltaic module is l Peak power: 195 W/200 W
composed of 72 cells. The dimensions
of each cell is 125 mm (H) × 125 mm
(W).

245 W/250 W Polysilicon. l Peak voltage: 30 V


The solar photovoltaic module is l Peak power: 245 W/250 W
composed of 60 cells. The dimensions
of each cell is 156 mm (H) × 156 mm
(W).

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

Note:
The technical specifications of different solar photovoltaic modules are various. The
technical specifications listed in Table 3-30 are for reference purposes only. The products
actually delivered shall prevail.

3.9.4 Solar Bracket


A solar bracket is used to support solar photovoltaic modules.
The ZXDT22 SF01 supports the following three types of solar brackets.
l ZXDT02 SK01 (V1.0R01) solar bracket: It has a smaller footprint and is applicable
to site reconstruction scenarios to support the 195 W/200 W series solar photovoltaic
modules.
l ZXDT02 SK01 (V2.0) solar bracket: It has a smaller footprint and is applicable to
site reconstruction scenarios to support the 245 W/250 W series solar photovoltaic
modules.
l ZXDT02 SK02 (V1.0) solar bracket: It has a larger footprint and is applicable to site
creation scenarios to support the 245 W/250 W series solar photovoltaic modules.
These three types of solar brackets can be further divided into several models. For a
description of bracket models, refer to Table 3-31.

Table 3-31 Descriptions for Solar Brackets

Bracket Series Description Typical Model and Appearance

ZXDT02 Five bracket models are Typical model: two-link R8 bracket.


SK02(V1.0) provided: four-link R8 bracket, Eight solar photovoltaic modules can be installed
two-link R8 bracket, two-link on a two-link R8 bracket.
R4 bracket, indented special
bracket, and R12 special
bracket.
The dip angle supported by
each model is 10°, 15°, 20°,
25°, 30°, 35°, 40°, 45°, and
50°.

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Bracket Series Description Typical Model and Appearance

ZXDT02 SK01 Eight bracket models are Typical model: R4×2 bracket.
(V1.0R01) provided: R2×2 bracket, R3×2 Eight solar photovoltaic modules can be installed
bracket, R4×2 bracket, R5×2 on an R4×2 bracket.
bracket, R6×2 bracket, R4×3
bracket, R5×3 bracket, and
R6×3 bracket.
The dip angle supported by
each model is 10°, 15°, 20°,
25°, 30°, and 35°.

ZXDT02 Seven bracket models are Typical model: R3×3 bracket.


SK01(V2.0) provided: R2×2 bracket, R3×1 Nine solar photovoltaic modules can be installed
bracket, R3×2 bracket, R3×3 on an R3×3 bracket.
bracket, 3×3 bracket, R4×3
bracket, and R5×3 bracket.
The dip angle supported by
each model 10°, 15°, 20°, 25°,
30°, and 35°.

3.9.5 Battery
Batteries are used to store electrical energy and supply power for loads as required.
2 V integrated battery cabinets support the following four types of lead-acid batteries:

l Deep cycle battery (HL series): It is applicable to colloidal batteries application


scenarios, which has better deep cycle performance and highest price.
l High temperature battery (HP series): It is applicable to high temperature scenarios,
which has excellent cycle performance under high temperature.
l Dedicated solar battery (HS series): It is applicable to pure solar scenarios and
solar-diesel hybrid power supply scenarios, which has better shallow cycling
performance and undercharging performance.
12 V integrated battery cabinets support the following two types of batteries:

l 12 V deep cycle battery: It is applicable to low-power and deep-cycle application


scenarios.

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

l 12 V FeLi battery: It is applicable to deep-cycle and high-density application scenarios.

3.10 Signal Processing Modules


3.10.1 UIB
Function
The User Interface Board (UIB) is located on the right side of the Centralized Supervision
Unit (CSU). It provides the system with the input/output dry contact, battery temperature
detection interface, magnetic door detection interface, and ambient temperature detection
interface.

Structure
Figure 3-31 shows the interfaces of the UIB.

Figure 3-31 Interfaces of the UIB

For a description of the interfaces and functions of the UIB, refer to Table 3-32.

Table 3-32 Interfaces and Functions of the UIB

Silk- Interface Function


Screen

X4 Output dry contacts 1 and 2 Sets alarms through the Centralized Supervision Unit
(CSU).
Interface code: A1 and A2

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Silk- Interface Function


Screen

X5 Output dry contacts 3 and 4 Sets alarms through the Centralized Supervision Unit
(CSU).
Interface code: A3 and A4

X6 Output dry contacts 5 and 6 Sets alarms through the Centralized Supervision Unit
(CSU).
Interface code: A5 and A6

X7 Output dry contacts 7 and 8 l Output dry contact 7 is used to control a diesel
generator.
l Output dry contact 8 is used to control an
emergency light.

X8 CSU fault output dry contact Generates an alarm when the through the Centralized
Supervision Unit (CSU) is faulty.

X9 Four-input dry contact Sets alarms through the Centralized Supervision Unit
(CSU).

X10 Extended four-input dry Sets alarms through the Centralized Supervision Unit
contact (CSU).

X11 Magnetic door detection Connects a magnetic door sensor.


interface

X12 Ambient temperature Connects an ambient temperature sensor.


detection interface

X13 Battery temperature detection Connects the ambient temperature sensor of battery
interface 1 pack 1.

X14 Battery temperature detection Connects the ambient temperature sensor of battery
interface 2 pack 2.

X15 Battery temperature detection Connects the ambient temperature sensor of battery
interface 3 pack 3.

X16 Battery temperature detection Connects the ambient temperature sensor of battery
interface 4 pack 4.

3.10.2 GMU
Function
The Genset Management Unit (GMU) is an optional device. It is used to supervise and
manage diesel generators.

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Structure
Figure 3-32 shows the structure of the GMU.

Figure 3-32 GMU Structure

For a description of the interfaces and functions of the GMU board, refer to Table 3-33.

Table 3-33 Interfaces and Functions of the GMU Board

Silk-Screen Interface Function

Power Power input interface Supplies power for the boards inside
the GMU.

In-relay 1,2,3,4 Input dry contact interface Detects input dry contact 1, 2, 3,
and 4.

Out-relay 1,2 Output dry contact interface Detects output dry contact 1 and 2.

RS485–1 RS485 communication interface Realizes the communication


between the GMU and smart
subdevices.

RS485–0 RS485 communication interface Realizes the communication


between the GMU and supervision
devices.

In-relay 5,6,7,8 Input dry contact interface Detects input dry contact 5, 6, 7,
and 8.

Out-relay 3,4,5 Output dry contact interface Detects output dry contact 3, 4, and
5.

Out-relay 6,7,8 Output dry contact interface Detects output dry contact 6, 7, and
8.

RS485–2 RS485 communication interface Realizes the communication


between the GMU and smart
subdevices.

RS485–3 RS485 communication interface Realizes the communication


between the GMU and smart
subdevices.

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3.10.3 FBMU-B
Function
The FBMU-B unit controls and manages the charging and discharging of FeLi batteries to
realize the protection and high-efficiency use of the batteries. The FBMU-B unit provides
the following functions:
l Controls the charging and discharging of the FeLi batteries based on various
information (such as the single-core voltage, group voltage, charging/discharging
current, and charging/discharging temptress of the batteries), and triggers alarms or
protection based on the corresponding situation.
l Periodically charges FeLi batteries.
If the batteries are in non-float charging or standby status, the batteries automatically
enable the self-complement function to ensure the battery capacity.
l Realizes the communication between the FBMU-B and CSU.
You can view all the monitoring information of FeLi batteries through the CSU.

Structure
FBMU-B units are divided into FBMU-B1 units and FBMU-B2 units. Their external views
are similar, and the only difference lies in whether the positive pole of the battery has
a screw terminal. This section uses FBMU-B1 as an example to describe the FBMU-B
structure, as shown in Figure 3-33.

Figure 3-33 External View of an FBMU-B1 Unit

For the dimensions of the FBMU-B unit, refer to Table 3-34.

Table 3-34 Dimensions of the FBMU-B Unit

Dimension Value

Width 19-inch (1-inch = 25.4 mm)

Height 1U (1U = 44.45 mm)

Figure 3-34 shows the components of the FBMU-B1 unit. For a description of the
components of the FBMU-B1 unit, refer to Table 3-35.

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Figure 3-34 FBMU-B1 Components

1. Negative pole of the battery 4. Capacity indicator 9. M2 signal interface


2. Negative pole circuit 5. DIP switch 10. M3 signal interface
breaker of the battery 6. Sleep switch 11. M4 signal interface
3. RS485A/B communication 7. RUN/ALM indicator 12. Negative pole of the system
interface 8. M1 signal interface busbar

Table 3-35 Component Descriptions of the FBMU-B1 Unit

No. Label Component Description

1 - Negative pole of the battery The signal voltage is -48 V.

2 XS1 Negative pole circuit breaker of the Turns on or off the FBMU-B.
battery

3 X6 and X7 RS485A/B Communication interface.

X8 Alarm dry contact output interface Outputs alarm signals.

4 - Capacity indicator Displays the current capacity.

5 ADDR DIP switch -

6 - Sleep switch Enables the FBMU-B to enter sleep


mode.

7 - RUN/ALM indicator Indicates the operating status.

8 M1 M1 signal interface Connects to the battery signals of the


first group.

9 M2 M2 signal interface Connects to the battery signals of the


second group.

10 M3 M3 signal interface Connects to the battery signals of the


third group.

11 M4 M4 signal interface Connects to the battery signals of the


forth group.

12 XS2 Negative pole of the system busbar The signal voltage is -48 V.

3.10.4 CEU
Function
The Communication Extension Unit (CEU) is used to realize the extension of the USB
interface, so that cameras, 3G data cards, and flash disks can be connected at the same
time.

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Structure
Figure 3-35 shows the interfaces of the CEU. For a description of the interfaces and
functions of the CEU, refer to Table 3-36.

Figure 3-35 Interfaces of the CEU

Table 3-36 Interfaces and Functions of the CEU

Silk- Interface Function


Screen

X1 USB signal 1 Extended USB signal interface 1.

X2 USB signal 2 Extended USB signal interface 2.

X3 USB signal 3 Extended USB signal interface 3.

X4 USB signal 4 Extended USB signal interface 4.

X5 Power supply input interface Supplies power for the CEU.

X6 Dry contact interface Resets and controls the dry contact.

3.10.5 BCU
Function
A BCU is an internal-resistance detection and control unit. A BCU and BRU constitute
a battery internal-resistance detection system, which implements internal-resistance
detection of lead-acid batteries, SOC evaluation, and SOH evaluation. The BCU
communicates with the BRU installed on lead-acid batteries in ZigBee mode, receives
data from the BRU, and uploads data to the CSU through the RS485 interface.

Component Descriptions
Figure 3-36 shows the components distributed on the BCU.

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Figure 3-36 Components on the BCU

1. ANT interface 3. DIP switch 5. Power interface


2. Indicators 4. RS485 interface

For a description of the components on the BCU, refer to Table 3-37.

Table 3-37 Descriptions of the Interfaces on the BCU Board

Silk Com- Sig- Signal Description


Scr- ponent nal
een

ANT ANT in- - Used to connect the antenna.


terface

Zig- ZigBee - When the indicator flashes in red, data is being transmitted in Zigbee mode.
bee indica- When the indicator is off, there is no ZigBee communication.
tor

RS4 RS485 - When the indicator flashes in green, data is being transmitted in RS485
85 indica- mode. When the indicator is off, there is no ZigBee communication.
tor

ADD- Addess - Used to set the address of the BCU board.


R DIP
switch

X3 Power 48 Positive 48 V power input terminal


inter- V+
face
48 Negative 48 V power input terminal
V–

GN- Grounding terminal


DP

X4 RS485 A Line A of the RS485 interface


inter-
B Line B of the RS485 interface
face

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3.10.6 BRU
Function
A BRU is an internal-resistance detection unit. A BRU and BCU constitute a battery
internal-resistance detection system, which implements internal-resistance detection
of lead-acid batteries, SOC evaluation, and SOH evaluation. The BRU is installed on
lead-acid batteries to detect the voltage and temperature of batteries and communicates
with the BCU in ZigBee mode.

Component Descriptions
Figure 3-37 shows the components distributed on the BRU.

Figure 3-37 Components on the BRU

For a description of the components on the BRU, refer to Table 3-38.

Table 3-38 Descriptions of the Interfaces on the BRU Board

Silk Screen Signal Signal Description

BAT+ Positive terminal of the battery Used to power the BRU.

BAT- Negative terminal of the battery

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

Silk Screen Signal Signal Description

DIS+ Positive voltage detection line of the Used to detect the battery voltage.
battery

DIS- Negative voltage detection line of the


battery

TMP+ Positive temperature detection line of Used to detect battery temperature.


the battery

TMP- Negative temperature detection line of


the battery

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Chapter 4
Technical Specifications
Table of Contents
Electrical Specifications..............................................................................................4-1
Interface Specifications ..............................................................................................4-2
Structural Specifications .............................................................................................4-3
Security Protection Specifications...............................................................................4-4
Environmental Specifications .....................................................................................4-5

4.1 Electrical Specifications


Photovoltaic Input
For photovoltaic input specifications, refer to Table 4-1.

Table 4-1 Photovoltaic Input Specifications

Parameter Specifications

Input voltage of a single solar 50 V AC to 150 V AC


power module

Number of components of a 250 W/260 Wpolycrystalline silicon: Three pieces are


single solar power module cascade-connected to form one channel, and four channels
operate in parallel.

Maximum solar input current of 35 A


a single channel

Maximum photovoltaic battery 3.2 kW


power of a single solar power
module

Input inrush current ≤ 150% × input steady-state current

DC leakage current for lightning ≥ 10 kA


protection

AC input
For AC input specifications, refer to Table 4-2.

Table 4-2 AC Input Specifications

Parameter Specifications

Input mode Three-phase five-wire system

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

Parameter Specifications

Nominal voltage 220 V AC

AC input voltage range 80 V AC to 300 V AC

AC lightning protection Grade C.


grade Grade B is optional.

DC Output
For DC output specifications, refer to Table 4-3.

Table 4-3 DC Output Specifications

Parameter Specifications

Output voltage l Rated voltage: – 53.5 V DC


l DC output voltage range: –42 V DC to –58 V DC

Maximum output power l For the cabinet configured with 2U power module subracks, the
of the system maximum output power of the system is 18 kW
l For the cabinet configured with 3U power module subracks, the
maximum output power of the system is 27 kW

Efficiency l Peak efficiency of a solar power module: ≥ 98% (under rated input)
l Peak efficiency of a rectifier: ≥ 96% (under rated input)

Regulated voltage ≤±0.6%


precision

Temperature ±0.02%/ºC
coefficient

4.2 Interface Specifications


For interface specifications, refer to Table 4-4.

Table 4-4 Interface Specifications

Interface Specifications

Communica- Dry contact Standard configuration: eight input dry contacts and eight output
tion/detec- interface dry contacts, maximum configuration: 16 input dry contacts and
tion interface 16 output dry contacts.

Communication l One Ethernet interface.


interface l One RS232 interface.
l Two RS485 interfaces.
l A CEU module (optional) can be deployed for wireless
network connection.

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Chapter 4 Technical Specifications

Interface Specifications

Data OneUSB interface


transmission
interface

Environment l Standard configuration: two storage battery detection


detection interfaces, maximum: four.
interface l Standard configuration: one ambient temperature detection
interface.
l Standard configuration: one door magnetic detection
interface.
l Standard configuration: one flooding detection interface.
l Standard configuration: one smog detection interface.

Electrical AC input One


interfaces
Standby AC One
output

DC Output l LLDV1: up to six channels


l LLDV2: up to six channels
The contract configuration shall prevail.

Battery input Standard configuration: two channels, maximum configuration:


four channels.

4.3 Structural Specifications


For structural specifications, refer to Table 4-5.

Table 4-5 Structural Specifications

Parameter Specifications

Dimensions of a 1750 mm independent device 1050 mm × 700 mm × 700 mm (H × W × D)


cabinet (including the base)

Dimensions of a 1750 mm independent device 1750 mm × 700 mm × 700 mm (H × W × D)


cabinet (including the base)

Dimensions of a 12 V 1800 mm integrated cabinet 1800 mm × 700 mm × 700 mm (H × W × D)


(including the base)

Dimensions of a 12 V 2200 mm integrated cabinet 2200 mm × 700 mm × 700 mm (H × W × D)


(including the base)

Dimensions of a 2 V 2200 mm integrated cabinet 2200 mm × 1050 mm × 1050 mm (H × W × D)


(including the base)

Cabling mode Downward cabling

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

Parameter Specifications

Installation mode l Floor-mounted


l Press-mounting

Maintenance mode l Pre-maintenance


l Back maintenance (2200 mm 2 V
integrated cabinet that is used one year)

IP code IP55

4.4 Security Protection Specifications


EMC
For EMC specifications, refer to Table 4-6.
Table 4-6 EMC Specifications

Parameter Specifications

EMI CE/RE Meets CISPR 22 Class A specifications.

EMS ESD Contact discharge: ±6 kV, air discharge: ±8 kV.

EFT l AC power port: ± 2 kV


l DC power port: ±2 kV.
l Signal cable and control cable ports: ±1 kV.

RS 10 V/m

CS 3 V (signal, control, or DC input/output port with a cable


exceeding 3 m).

Surge test l DC port (line-to-line): ±2 kV, DC port (line-to-ground): ±4 kV.


l AC port (line-to-line and line-to-ground): ±6 kV
l Non-shielded indoor/outdoor signal port (line-to-line and
line-to-ground): ±2 kV.

Security Design
The security design satisfies the EN55022 and meets the authentication requirements of
CONFORMITE EUROPENDE (CE).

Reliability
For the reliability specifications of the ZXDT22 SF01, refer to Table 4-7.
Table 4-7 Reliability Specifications

Parameter Specifications

MTBF ≥ 20000 hours (the average service time is 2 hours and the
system is in N+1 backup mode)

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Chapter 4 Technical Specifications

Lightning Protection Design


For lightning protection specifications, refer to Table 4-8.

Table 4-8 Lightning Protection Indexes

Parameter Specifications

AC input lighting protection grade Grade C


Grade B is optional.

4.5 Environmental Specifications


For operating environment specifications, refer to Table 4-9.

Table 4-9 Operating Environment

Parameter Specifications

Operating temperature –20 ºC to + 45 ºC (the system can operate under the full load)

Storage temperature -40 ºC to + 70ºC

Operating humidity 5%–95% (no condensation)

Storage humidity 5%–95% (no condensation)

Height above sea level ≤ 3000 m


l 0-2000 m: Outputs in full power.
l 2000 m to 3000 m: Reduces 1% when the altitude rises
100 m.

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Glossary
APP
- Application
ATS
- Automatic Transfer Switch
BCU
- Battery Centralized Supervision Unit
BRU
- Battery Internal Resistance Detection Unit
CE
- CONFORMITE EUROPENDE
CS
- Conducted Susceptibility
CSU
- Centralized Supervision Unit
EFT
- Electrical Fast Transient

EMC
- Electromagnetic Compatibility

EMI
- Electromagnetic Interference
EMS
- Electromagnetic Susceptibility
ESD
- Electrostatic Discharge
GMU
- Genset Management Unit
HBTS
- Hybrid Battery Transfer System
IE
- Internet Explorer

LCD
- Liquid Crystal Display
MPPT
- Maximum Power Point Tracking

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ZXDT22 SF01 Solution Description

MTBF
- Mean Time Between Failures
RE
- Radiated Emission
RS
- Radiated Susceptiblility
SD
- Secure Digital memory card
SOC
- State of Charge
SOH
- State of Health
UIB
- User Interface Board
USB
- Universal Serial Bus

II

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