Abstract—This paper presents a fuzzy logic controlled shunt to cancel the harmonic and reactive currents drawn by the non
active power filter used to compensate for harmonic distortion in linear loads [2] as shown in fig. 1.
threephase fourwire systems. The shunt active filter employs a
simple method for the calculation of the reference compensation
current based of Fast Fourier Transform. This presented filter is able
to operate in both balanced and unbalanced load conditions. A fuzzy
logic based current controller strategy is used to regulate the filter
current and hence ensure harmonic free supply current. The validity
of the presented approach in harmonic mitigation is verified via
simulation results of the proposed test system under different loading
conditions.
I. INTRODUCTION
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World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 58 2009
The following equations describe the procedure used for derivative and the command signal respectively.
reference compensation current calculations;
i load i loadfund i harmonics (1) 1
negative zero positive
Degree of membership
The load current is a periodic function and according to
0.6
a
i load o a n cos n t b n sin n t (3) 0.2
2 n 1
0
1 Fig. 2(a)
ao i load t dt , (4)
negative zero positive
1
1
an i load t cos nt dt , n0 (5)
0.8
Degree of membership
0.6
And 0.4
1
i load t sin nt dt ,
0.2
bn n 1. (6)
0
i loadfund a 2n b 2n (7) 1
Bignegative negative zero positive Bigpositive
0.8
Degree of membership
i *s i loadfund i dc (8)
0.4
taking the sine wave template from the supply voltage, the 100 80 60 40 20 0 20 40 60 80 100
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World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 58 2009
B 
Lr
i
+  +
A
iloadfund
i *filter
Rr Cr
*
i s B 
Iload
Mag
Shunt APF
iload i filter Cdc
g Lf
In
Phase
+
i +
A  Mag
idcloss i + In
B  Mean
Phase
du / dt Cdc  i +
C 
Mag
IL
In
IF
Ifilter Phase
Ifund
Vdc Fourier
Vdc
+ v

Control loops
III. SIMULATION OF THE TEST SYSTEM SETUP The model parameters are as follows;
TABLE II
MODEL PARAMETERS IN CASE OF BALANCED LOAD
1 mH
Ls
Lf 4 mH
Lr 2 mH
Fig. 4 the test system setup B. Application of Shunt APF on Unbalanced Nonlinear
The tested power system as shown above is a threephase, Loads
fourwire 110V line voltage system supplying 600W to three In this case the load is in the form of 3 singlephase
singlephase balanced & unbalanced non linear loads with different non linear loads. The first is uncontrolled bridge
series passive filter reactance to be close to the source rectifier with RC load, the second is pure resistive load & the
reactance [5]. The shunt APF is threephase, fourwire IGBT third is bridge rectifier with RC load.
based current controlled voltage source converter with an
output ac filter (Lf) and energy storage capacitor on dc bus Discrete,
Ts= 5e006 s.
where; +
i

Lr
A +
C dc 350F R1 C1
Vs Ls
B 
conditions. Cdc
Shunt APF
In
Phase
g Lf
+
i +
A  Mag
i + In
B  Mean
A. Application of Shunt APF on Balanced Nonlinear Cdc 
C
i

+
Phase
Mag
Loads IF
IL
In
Ifilter Phase
Vdc
Fourier
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World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 58 2009
Neutral current
50
30
TABLE III
Ineutral (Amp)
20
MODEL PARAMETERS IN CASE OF UNBALANCED LOAD 10
10
Ls 1 mH
20
30
Lf 3 mH 40
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
Time (sec)
Fig. 7(c)
Lr 1.5 mH 80
Vsupply a (volt)
Isupply a (Amp)
60
40
60
20
15
10 35
Load current in phase a
5 30
25
0
Iload a (Amp)
20
5
15
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
Time (sec) 10
Fig. 7(a) 5
90
Filter current in phase a
5
80
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
70 Time (sec)
60 Fig. 8(a)
Ifilter a (Amp)
50
Filter current in phase a
40 30
30 25
20 20
10 15
Ifilter a (Amp)
0 10
5
10
15
20
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
Time (sec)
Fig. 8(b)
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World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 58 2009
2
20
0 0
20
2
40
4
60
6 80
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
Time (sec) Time (sec)
Fig. 8(c) Fig. 8(g)
Filter current in phase b Supply voltage versus supply current in phase b
5
80 Vsupply b (volt)
4 Isupply b (Amp)
60
3
40
2
20
Ifilter b (Amp)
1
0
0
20
1
40
2
60
3
80
4
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
20
1
0
0
20
1
40
2
60
3
80
4
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 Time (sec)
Time (sec)
Fig. 8(e) Fig. 8(i)
Neutral current
4
Filter current in phase c 45
40
3
35
2 30
Ineutral (Amp)
Ifilter c (Amp)
1 25
20
0
15
1
10
2 5
3 0
5
4 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
Time (sec)
Time (sec)
Fig. 8(j)
Fig. 8(f)
Fig. 8 The simulation results for (a) phase a load current, (b) phase a
filter current, (c) phase b load current, (d) phase b filter current, (e)
phase c load current, (f) phase c filter current, (g) phase a supply
voltage and current, (h) phase b supply voltage and current, (i) phase
c supply voltage and current, and (j) neutral current.
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World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 58 2009
V. CONCLUSION
A shunt APF based on FFT for reference compensating
current calculation and fuzzy logic current controller has been
studied to improve the system power quality by compensating
the harmonic line currents and also the neutral current. FFT
method is simple and reliable for reference compensating
current calculations. Fuzzy logic controller improves the
overall control system performance over other conventional
controller. The validity of the presented control algorithm was
proved by simulation of a three phase four wire test system
under both balanced and unbalanced loading conditions.
REFERENCES
[1] A. Elmitwally, S. Abdelkader, M. Elkateb “Performance evaluation of
fuzzy controlled three and four wireshunt active power conditioners”
IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, 2000. Volume 3,
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[2] G. K. Singh, “Power system harmonics research: a survey” European
Transactions on Electrical Power, 2009 Page(s):151 – 172.
[3] A. Emadi, A. Nasiri, S. Bekiarov, Uninterruptible Power Supplies and
Active Filters. CRC Press, 2005, ch. 2.
[4] S. Rechka, E. Ngandui, Jianhong Xu; P. Sicard , “A comparative study
of harmonic detection algorithms for active filters and hybrid active
filters” IEEE 33rd Annual Power Electronics Specialists Conference,
2002. Volume 1, Page(s): 357  363.
[5] J. S. Setiadji and H. H. Tumbelaka, “Simulation of Active Filtering
Applied to A Computer Centre,” Journal Technique Electro, vol. 2, pp
105109, September 2002.
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