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ZXWR RNC Product Description


ZXWR RNC Product Description

ZXWR RNC Product Description

Version Date Author Approved By Remarks


V1.0 2008-03-18 Not open to the Third Party
Zhu Update according to RNC
V3.3 2008-08-15
Xianghua V3.07.300
Update according to RNC
V3.6 2009-5-22 Chen Feng
V3.07.310
Cancel POSI and modify
V3.7 2010-05-11 XuYi
Environment indices

© 2009 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.


ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be
disclosed or used without the prior written permission of ZTE.
Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is
subjected to change without notice.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary © 2010 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved. I


ZXWR RNC Product Description

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 Overview.................................................................................................................... 1

2 Highlight Features..................................................................................................... 2
2.1 Large Capacity and High Expandability......................................................................2
2.2 IP Architecture Design, High Efficiency.......................................................................2
2.3 High reliability............................................................................................................. 2
2.4 Outstanding radio resource management...................................................................2
2.5 Abundant Interfaces and Flexible Networking.............................................................3

3 System Architecture.................................................................................................. 4
3.1 Product Physical Structure.......................................................................................... 4
3.2 Hardware Architecture................................................................................................ 5
3.2.1 RPU............................................................................................................................ 5
3.2.2 RAU............................................................................................................................ 5
3.2.3 RSU............................................................................................................................ 7
3.2.4 ROMU......................................................................................................................... 8
3.2.5 RPMU......................................................................................................................... 8

4 Reliability Design...................................................................................................... 9
4.1 Hardware Redundancy Design...................................................................................9
4.2 Software Reliability Design.........................................................................................9

5 Technical Specifications......................................................................................... 10
5.1 Technical Indices....................................................................................................... 10
5.2 Interface Indices........................................................................................................ 10
5.3 Clock Indices............................................................................................................. 11
5.4 Reliability Indices...................................................................................................... 11
5.5 Electromagnetic Compatibility Indices......................................................................12
5.6 Weight and Dimensions............................................................................................ 12
5.7 Power Supply............................................................................................................ 12
5.8 Environment.............................................................................................................. 12
5.9 Security Indices......................................................................................................... 13

6 Installation................................................................................................................. 15

FIGURES

Figure 1 RNC in WCDMA system...............................................................................................1


Figure 2 ZXWR RNC Figuration.................................................................................................. 4
Figure 3 ZXWR RNC Rack Architecture......................................................................................5
Figure 4 RNC Logical Units......................................................................................................... 5
Figure 5 Hardware Installation Flow.......................................................................................... 15

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

TABLES

Table 1 RNC technical indices................................................................................................. 10


Table 2 RNC technical indices................................................................................................. 10
Table 3 RNC clock indices....................................................................................................... 11
Table 4 RNC Reliability............................................................................................................ 11
Table 5 Anti-Interference of Electromagnetic EMC Indices......................................................12
Table 6 Weight and Dimensions.............................................................................................. 12
Table 7 power supply............................................................................................................... 12
Table 8 RNC Environment Indices........................................................................................... 12
Table 9 The General Terminologies and Definitions................................................................17

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

1 Overview
In general, WCDMA system is consisting of Core Network (CN), UMTS Terrestrial Radio
Access Network (UTRAN) and User Equipment (UE). UTRAN has two network
elements: Node B and RNC. Iub is defined as the interface between RNC and Node B.
Fig 1 shows the position of RNC in WCDMA system.

Figure 1 RNC in WCDMA system

RNC connects other equipments via the following interfaces:

 Iub interface to Node B

 Iu-CS interface to MSC/MSC Server

 Iu-PS interface to SGSN

 Iur interface to other RNC

The main functionalities of RNC include:

 System information broadcast and UE access control

 Mobility management, such as handover etc.

 Radio Resource Management such as power control, cell resource allocation etc.

 Access bearer service of CS domain and PS domain

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

 Encryption and decryption for signaling and data

ZTE RNC product, named ZXWR RNC (hereinafter refer to “RNC”), is based on 3GPP
FDD R7, being compatible with other network elements and UE based on
R99/R4/R5/R6/R7. At the same time, ZXWR RNC provides series standard interfaces
including Iu, Iub, Iur etc, supporting to connect with other venders’ equipments such as
CN, RNC etc.

2 Highlight Features
The ZXWR products always aim at saving customer’s investment in 3G products by
offering a large capacity and linear expandable system once and for all. This facilitates
high density 3G services. The RNC adopts distributing design, separates control plane
from user plane, interface from application, supports ATM protocol stack, it also supports
all IP UTRAN. The RNC system has the following features:

2.1 Large Capacity and High Expandability


The RNC is designed to adapt service increment and various traffic environments. It
provides a large capacity and is easy to be expanded. The data throughput is up to 7.42
Gbps and maximum traffic is 58800Erl. The control plane and the user plane of the RNC
are in distributed mode so there is no bottleneck for centralized processing in the entire
system. The processing resources of control plane and user plane are linear expandable
according to the capacity increment requirement.

2.2 IP Architecture Design, High Efficiency


Base on the all IP switching platform, data transmission is high efficient and flexible. The
high performance packet data management platform ensures the system non-blocking
data transaction capability. Comparing with ATM-based platform, it features convenient
maintenance and configuration, flexible expandability, higher transmission efficiency, and
agile transmission mechanism, which can meets the future requirements of increasing
mobile data services.

2.3 High reliability


The RNC has high reliability and stability. The system is based on redundancy design.
So there is no single point of failure. The system supports online software download and
there is no need to reboot after version upgrade.

2.4 Outstanding radio resource management


ZTE owns dozens of patents on radio resource management of the RNC. It supports
automatic optimization of radio parameters and can intelligently allocate and schedule
radio resource priorities according to network load situation and QoS level.

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

2.5 Abundant Interfaces and Flexible Networking


RNC supports ATM/IP dual protocol stack, it supports all kind of physical interfaces such
as E1/T1, E3/T3, STM-1, POS, channelized STM-1, FE and GE etc. At different phases,
RNC can flexibly network according to different conditions, and has realized IP UTRAN.

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

3 System Architecture

3.1 Product Physical Structure


The RNC system is built in a standard 19-inch cabinet, and the dimension of height*
width* depth is 2000* 600* 800 (mm). The rack of RNC system and architecture are
shown as the following figures.

Figure 2 ZXWR RNC Figuration

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

Figure 3 ZXWR RNC Rack Architecture

3.2 Hardware Architecture


RNC hardware logical units are shown as:

Figure 4 RNC Logical Units

3.2.1 RPU
The RPU (RNC Processing Unit) processes control plane signaling and user plane
information, including RCB (RNC control board) and RUB (RNC user board) boards.

3.2.1.1 RCB

RCB accomplishes the control protocol processing of RNC, such as RANAP, NBAP,
RNSAP, RRC, SABP etc.

3.2.1.2 RUB

RUB (RNC User Plane Processing Board) is a user plane processing board of RNC,
dealing with the user plane protocols. RUB deals with the radio user plane protocols,
including CS service FP/MAC/RLC/IuUP/RTP/RTCP protocol stack and PS service
FP/MAC/RLC/PDCP/IuUP, GTP-U protocols.

3.2.2 RAU
RAU (RNC Access Unit) provides the interface access function for Iu, Iub and Iur of
RNC. RAU is configured with the following boards:
 DTB: Digital Trunk Board
 SDTB2:Sonet Digital Trunk Board 2

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

 APBI: ATM Process Board Interface


 EIPI:E1 IP Interface board
 APBE: ATM Process Board Enhanced
 GIPI: Gigabit IP Interface board
 SDTA: Sonet Digital Trunk board with ATM

3.2.2.1 DTB

DTB is used to provide E1 interface, and it also supports T1 interface by changing


configuration. One of the DTB board technical indices is Max. 32*E1/T1.

3.2.2.2 SDTB2

SDTB is the second generation sonet digital trunk board of ZTE. It provides channelized
STM-1 interface.

SDTB2 provides 2* channelized STM-I. Each channelized STM-1 interface supports


63*E1 (or 84*T1) multiplexing/de-multiplexing.

3.2.2.3 APBI

APBI provides IMA protocol processing, supports up to 64 E1 (PS: APBI doesn’t provide
E1 interface, only processing), and 30 IMA groups. APBI and DTB/SDTB2 work together
to accomplish IMA processing of E1/CSTM-1 interface.

3.2.2.4 EIPI

EIPI provides the IP access based on E1, and supports up to 64 E1( PS: EIPI does not
have the external interfaces itself). EIPI and DTB/SDTB2 work together to accomplish
MLPPP link processing of E1/CSTM-1 interfaces.

3.2.2.5 APBE

APBE (ATM Process Board Enhanced version) is for the processing of ATM access at
Iu/Iur/Iub interface, implements SAR functionality of AAL2 and AAL5.

APBE provides four STM-1optical interfaces.

3.2.2.6 GIPI

GIPI provides FE/GE interface. Each GIPI provides 1*GE optical interface/ electrical
interface, or 4* FE electrical interfaces.

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

3.2.2.7 SDTA

SDTA supports channelized STM-1 interface and IMA protocol processing, that is
equivalent to the functionalities of SDTB2 and APBI together.

SDTA provides 2 channelized STM-1 access, supports 60 IMA groups.

3.2.3 RSU

The RSU (RNC Switch Unit) provides a large-capacity and non-blocking IP switching
unit for system control management, communication between service processing boards
and traffic connection among multiple RAUs.

It is constructed with:
 PSN: Packet Switch Network
 GLI: Gigabit Line Interface
 UIMC: Universal Interface Module of Control
 GUIM: GE Universal Interface Module
 THUB: Trunk HUB

3.2.3.1 PSN

PSN is the system switching board of RNC. It accomplishes kernel switching function of
RSU, implements the packet data switching of each GLI.

PSN supports up to 40Gbps switching capability.

3.2.3.2 GLI

GLI is the access switching board, which implements RPU/RAU access to RSU,
including the physical layer adaptation, IP package checklist, segment, forwarding and
traffic management etc, and it converges the data from RPU/RAU to PSN for switching.

3.2.3.3 UIMC

UIMC is a type of switching board of RNC, belonging to RSU. It accomplished switching


function among control plane processing boards, and clock distribution. Information
switching of UIMC boards in different shelves is implemented by THUB.

3.2.3.4 GUIM

GUIM is for the switching functionality of user plane processing boards. Information
switching of GUIM boards in different shelves is implemented by GLI and PSN.

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

3.2.3.5 THUB

THUB is for control plane data switching among different shelves. It supports 400Mbps
switching capability.

3.2.4 ROMU

The ROMU (RNC Operation and maintenance unit) is responsible for the general
processing and implementing O&M control (including O&M agent) of the entire system
as well as system clock supply and external synchronization.

It includes:
 ROMB: RNC Operating & Maintenance Board
 CLKG: Clock Generator
 SBCX: X86 Single Board Computer

3.2.4.1 ROMB

ROMB as RNC O&M agent is used to monitor and manage all of the boards in the
system, and to implement the general processing of the system and route protocol
management.

3.2.4.2 CLKG

CLKG board is responsible for the clock supply and external synchronization. CLKG
board gets clock reference from BITS, GPS receiver or the circuit. After synchronization,
the signal is used at every interface shelf.

The default configuration of CLKG doesn’t include GPS module. GPS module should be
added in CLKG if GPS clock or GPS location service is required.

3.2.4.3 SBCX

SBCX provides the operation and maintenance management agent functionality.

3.2.5 RPMU
RPMU (RNC Peripheral Monitor Unit) belongs to ROMU. It provides monitoring function
to peripheral equipments, and collects information of all boards, alarms while the system
has faults. It includes:

PWRD: Power Distributor

ALB: Alarm Box

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

3.2.5.1 PWRD

PWRD is not only responsible for -48V power provision for all shelves and fans in the
rack, but also for the collecting peripheral and circumstance information, including the
PWRD and fan’s status, temperature, smoke, water and infrared alarming.

PWRD reports the detected information to ROMB via RS485 interface.

3.2.5.2 ALB

Alarm box will obtain the alarm information from OMM, and send the different level
alarms according to different fault situations of the system in order to be managed and
intervened in time by the equipment management personnel.

ALB provides several alarm methods including SMS, LCD display, file transfer, voice
alarm etc.

4 Reliability Design

4.1 Hardware Redundancy Design


In order to ensure reliability, RNC rack and shelves adopt dual-power-supply, and the
connection cables in RNC rack are at least dual-mode. At the same time, RNC provides
1+1 backup for the key boards such as: ROMB, CLKG, RCB, UIMC, GIMU, CHUB,
PSN, GLI, and RUB adopts load-sharing method, which is named redundancy resource
pool. And each of the interface boards adopt 1+1 backup or load-sharing. The entire
system performance will not be affected if individual board has fault.

4.2 Software Reliability Design


RNC software subsystem adopts high reliability design. Besides the external operation
and maintenance ports, which are protected by internal firewall software, RNC internal
communication in whole system is entirely isolated. So RNC can detect and defend
against the network security attacks. At the same time, the OMM subsystem supports
powerful user authentication functionality; the idea is that system will distribute relevant
operation permission according to user name and password.

RNC software system has powerful self-fault-tolerant capability, mainly reflected in:
 Automatically checking the legitimacy of data configured by user, refusing wrong or
unreasonable data configuration and informing user to modify
 Supporting key version and data backup, and performing rollback when version or
data loading failed
 Supporting “watch dog” functionality, resetting the boards when software going
wrong and recording the failure information by black box function
 Detecting the failure of ports, link and SW/HW, resetting/triggering backup unit to
guarantee system running normally

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

5 Technical Specifications

5.1 Technical Indices

Table 1 RNC technical indices

Item Indices
Processing capability 58800 Erl.
Data throughput 7.42Gbps
( Two-way data flow )
Maximum Quantity of Nodes B 1960
Maximum Quantity of cells 5880
BHCA 7000 K

5.2 Interface Indices

Table 2 RNC technical indices

Transmis Interface Port


Standard Remark
sion type board Interface
Provide 32* E1/T1 for Iub/Iu/Iur
DTB+APBI DB68
ITU-T ATM transmission
E1/T1
G.703/G.704 Provide 32* E1/T1 for Iub/Iu/Iur IP
DTB+EIPI DB68
transmission
Provide 2* channelized STM-
SDTA LC/PC 1/OC-3 optical interfaces for
Channeliz ITU-T G.957
Iub/Iu/Iur ATM transmission
ed STM- ITU-T I.432.1
1/OC-3 Provide 2* channelized STM-
ITU-T I.432.2
SDTB2+EIPI LC/PC 1/OC-3 optical interfaces for
Iub/Iu/Iur IP transmission
ITU-T G.957 Provide 4* STM-1/OC-3 optical
STM-1/OC-
ITU-T I.432.1 APBE LC/PC interfaces for Iub/Iu/Iur ATM
3c
ITU-T I.432.2 transmission
GIPI
configured
Provide 4* FE for Iub/Iu/Iur IP
FE IEEE 802.3 with FE RJ45
transmission
electrical
interface
GE IEEE 802.3 GIPI RJ45 Provide 1* GE electrical interface
configured for Iub/Iu/Iur IP transmission
with GE
electrical
interface

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

Transmis Interface Port


Standard Remark
sion type board Interface
GIPI
configured
Provide 1* GE optical interface for
with GE LC/PC
Iub/Iu/Iur IP transmission
optical
interface

5.3 Clock Indices

Table 3 RNC clock indices

Item Indices
Synchronization level Level 2 class A
Clock working mode: Fast capture, tracking, holdover and free-run
1) Incoming signal jitter and wander: 1.5UI (0.02
kHz–2.4 kHz)
Clock synchronous link
2) Outgoing signal jitter and wander: 1.5UI (0.02
interface
kHz–10 kHz)
0.2 UI (18 kHz–100 kHz)

Each clock board supports 7 clock resource, including: 4 clock in equipment room
(2MHZ or 2Mbit), 2 line clock (8KHZ, acquired from Iu interface) and 1 * GPS clock. One
of the 7 clock resource will be specified as the working clock source via software
configuration, the rest clocks for standby.

When all the 7 clock sources are missing, clock board can work under free oscillation,
which is used by RNC.

No matter it is acquired from clock source or under free oscillation, RNC can provide its
own clock to NodeB.

5.4 Reliability Indices


In ZXWR RNC, the algorithm of system reliability is based on the GJB/Z299B Electronic
Equipment Reliability Estimation Manual and MIL-HDBK-217F Electronic Equipment
Reliability Estimation

Table 4 RNC Reliability

Item Indices
MTBF ≥235000 hours
MTTR 0.5 hour
Availability 99.999781%
Downtime ≤1.11 mins/year

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

5.5 Electromagnetic Compatibility Indices

Table 5 Anti-Interference of Electromagnetic EMC Indices

Item Standard
Contact Discharge: ±6000V
Static Discharge Immunity
Air Discharge: ±8000V
Surge Impact Immunity DC Power port Line(Ground): ±2000V

5.6 Weight and Dimensions

Table 6 Weight and Dimensions

Item Standard
Requirements of Equipment Site 350kg/m2
2000 mm x 600 mm x 800 mm (Height x Width
Dimensions
x Depth)

5.7 Power Supply

Table 7 power supply

Item Standard
Power input -48V DC
Allowable fluctuation range -57 VDC to –40 VDC
Maximum Power Consumption per 3700W
rack

5.8 Environment

Table 8 RNC Environment Indices

Item Indices
Equipment Long-term operation: 0℃ ~ +45℃
environment Temperature
Short-term operation: -5℃ ~ +50℃
Long-term operation: 5%~85%
Humidity
Short-term operation: 5%~90%
Noise When the system is in the full power output and
the working temperature is 43°C ± 2°C, the
noise power level is less than 6.5 Bels (aprox.
65dB).

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

Requirements of 250kg/m2
Equipment Site
Atmospheric 70 kPa–106 kPa
pressure
It should be packed and stored indoors.
Storage
Temperature: -45°C~+70°C.
environment
Relative humidity: 10%~90%; free of condensation.
Transport Transport environment:
Environment 2K4P/2B2/2C3/2S3/2M3
Sustainable transport time: 30 days
Intact package
Mechanical ETSI 300019-1-4 ClassM4.1
Adaptability

5.9 Security Indices


 Optical Interface Protection

The optical interface design and optical module chosen are according to the
requirements of BS EN 60825-2-2000.

 Rack’s Stability

The layout of the rack shall maintain the overall symmetry. Under the premise to ensure
the performance indices and thermal design requirements, the gravity center shall be
lowered as much as possible to improve the overall stability. In normal conditions, the
equipment shall not be inverted on a 10 degrees tilt platform. The shell of the equipment
must be able to resist some external percussion. The case, shelves, and shell must be
fixed reliably, without the tendency to scatter.

 Rack Protection Grade

Security protection grade is IP20 (‘2’indicates that prevents the object which is bigger
than 12mm such as finger to insert into. And ‘0’ indicates that has no special water
protection)

 Steel Ball Test

Such test can be done by using the integrity rack shell of sample or the other biggest
area of not enhanced part: one 500g steel ball will free fall from 1.3m height to hit the up
surface of the equipment, the case has no clearly indent. Or the 500g steel ball with
1.3m line as a horizontal pendulum to hit the beside surface of the equipment, if there is
indent damage or scratch, but it does not affect security, water resistant, and it also can
endure corresponding anti- electric strength, this test is passed.

 Lightning Protection

The system provides lightning protection measures. The working ground and the
protection ground are reliable with the grounding resistance of the protection ground less
than 1 ohm. The protection grounding terminals are anti-corrosive; the insulating layer of

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

the grounding conductor is yellow-green. There is tooth-shape washer for the connection
between the protection ground and the screw of shell (or PCB) to make the protection
group more reliable and stable.

 Current leakage

 Current leakage of the overall system: <3.5 mA.

 Security Marks

A clearly and long term sticky tags or marks must be labeled to ensure no mistake of
wrong board and cable connection. It has indicator, switch and button and mark with
clear color to indicate the meaning of the system running status.

 Heat Resistance and Flame Proof

The case can resist heat and flame. The outside case and clapboard between shelves
are all made of flame proof, heat resistance and explosion prevention material. All
material and units has the flame proof level better than V-2 or HF-2.

 Input Current

Under the condition of rated input voltage, the input current shouldn’t be more than110%
of rated current.

 Abnormal Situations

RNC has no danger at the situations of overload, output short circuit, power in reverse,
fan locked and other man-made faults caused by mistake operations.

 The Isolation of Communication Network to Ground

The components bridged at the normal position will not be damaged if the 1000Vac
grounding insulation between the telecom network circuits and grounding components is
not punctured.

 The Stable Anti-electric Strength of Network Voltage Protection

As for TNV-1 circuit, whether it can be connected or not, it meets the requirements of the
stable anti-electric strength of network voltage protection.

 Components Related with Security

Components related with security in RNC have related certifications.

 Anti-earthquake performance

RNC equipment has the anti-earthquake performance of 7th scale.

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

6 Installation
Figure 5 shows the installation flow of ZXWR RNC hardware.

Figure 5 Hardware Installation Flow

The workload of the hardware installation is large and complex. It can fall into the
following parts:

1 Installing cabinet

ZXWR RNC adopts 19-inch standard cabinet. The cabinet installation includes base
installation mode and feet installation mode. In the case of multi-cabinet, fix a single
cabinet first and then connect the cabinets.

2 Installing boards

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

Usually, the shelf is installed inside the rack before delivery. The users are only required
to install boards and other accessories on the site.

3 Installing cables

After installing the cabinet, cables are required to install, including cabinet power cable,
cabinet grounding cable, intra-cabinet line, out-of-cabinet line, and inter-cabinet line.

4 Installing GPS antenna feeder system

GPS serves as the clock and frequency reference of WCDMA, playing a very important
role. In addition, it provides the system with GPS ephemeris signals for AGPS location.
GPS antenna receives the navigation location signals from the GPS satellite, modulating
into the frequency, clock signals and AGPS messages via the GPS signal receiver. The
clock signals are provided to WCDMA units and AGPS messages are sent to the
processing unit.

5 Installing accessories

After installing the cabinet, accessories related to RNC operation are required to install,
including the alarm box and all kinds of sensors.

6 Checking the installation

Check the installation of ZXWR RNC hardware completely after it ends. The check
includes the cabinet installation techniques, cable connection and layout, auxiliary
device and related items.

7 Powering on/off the equipment

After checking the installation, please power on/off the equipment for check.

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

Acronyms and Abbreviations


The general terminologies and definitions of this product are listed in the following table.

Table 9 The General Terminologies and Definitions

Item Explanation
Interconnection point between an RNC and a Core Network. It is also
Iu
considered as a reference point.
Iub Interface between an RNC and a Node B.
A logical interface between two RNC. Whilst logically representing a
Iur point to point link between RNC, the physical realization may not be a
point to point link.
Uu The Radio interface between UTRAN and the User Equipment.
A logical node responsible for radio transmission / reception in one or
Node B more cells to/from the User Equipment. Terminates the Iub interface
towards the RNC.

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