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# Faculty of Engineering and Technology

## Module Name: Engineering maths

Module Code: 4109BEUG
Level: 4
Credit Rating: 24

Weighting: 20%
Maximum mark available: 100%

## Lecturer: Steve Wylie

Contact: If you have any issues with this coursework you may contact your lecturer.
Contact details are:
Email: s.r.wylie@ljmu.ac.uk
Room: 1.29 Henry Cotton Building

## Hand-in Date: 16th November 2015

Hand-in Method: Your assignment is to be neatly hand written and is to be submitted to
the Student Administration area in the Avril Robarts building.

## Feedback Date: 7th December 2015

Feedback Method: On the submitted work, which will be available for collection on the feedback
date.

Programmes: MEng / BEng Civil Engineering, MEng / BEng Building Services Engineering,
BEng / MEng Architectural Engineering, MEng Civil and Structural
Engineering, MEng Civil and Offshore Engineering, MEng Civil and
Environmental Engineering, MEng Civil Engineering and Architecture, MEng
Civil Engineering and Construction Management, MEng Civil and
Transportation Engineering

## Document title Template for Coursework

Revision 1.0
Date 02/10/14
Author RJB
Introduction

This assignment gives you practice in answering a variety of questions, to develop your
mathematical skills. Please take advantage of all the help that is available to you in developing
your mathematical skills from timetabled tutorials and from the support available from the maths
Support and Resource Centre. You can drop in to the centre, book sessions at the centre, and/or
make use of all the help available online.

## Apply techniques in differentiation and integration to the solution of engineering problems

Answer all the following questions. You must include sufficient working to
demonstrate your understanding of the solution.

## 1. Differentiate the following functions with respect to x

3
a) y  7x 2   sin(x  5) 3%
x

9
y
x 2 x 2 
b) 4%

sinh1  2x 
c) y  ex  2
 lnx 3  7cosx 2  7%
x

## 3. The cross-section of an open channel is a trapezium with base X metres and

sloping sides each Y metres long as shown below. Calculate the width across the
open top so that the cross-sectional area of the channel is a maximum.
10%

## Document title Template for Coursework

Revision 1.0
Date 02/10/14
Author RJB
For question 3, you are to use your own values of X and Y. For each student, the value of
X is to be the sum of the first and last numbers of your 6 figure student number, and Y is to
be the sum of the 2nd digit and the 4th digit. If either X or Y is zero from your student
number, then that number should become 2.4m. OR, if X = Y from your student number,
then you should add 0.6m to X.

(For example, a student with number 364489 would have X = 12m and Y = 10m)

4. A woman is on a lake in a canoe 1km from the closest point P of a straight shoreline.
She wants to get to a point Q, 9.5km along the shore from P. To do so, she paddles
to a point R between P and Q and then walks the remaining distance to Q. She can
paddle 3.5km/hour and walk 5.1km/hour. How should she pick the point R so that
she gets to Q as quickly as possible? 10%

## 5. Solve the following integrals

2

 (x  2x 2  8) dx
3
a) 5%
0

b)  (e
2x
 cosh6x  2 )dx 4%

14
5
c)  2y  4  dy
2
5%

For full marks you must simplify the answer for part c) as far as possible using
the logarithm rules.

## Document title Template for Coursework

Revision 1.0
Date 02/10/14
Author RJB
t3
d)  (t2  2t  15) dt 5%

y2  y  12
e)  (y  4)(y  3)2 dy 5%

(x  1)2
f)  e2x dx 10%

6. The second moment of area (I) describes the effect of different cross-sectional
geometries. It is used in structures when calculating beam deflection, and in
hydraulics when calculating the stability of floating bodies, for example.

This diagram shows a rectangle with area bh. The + shows the centroid, which is the
geometric centre of the shape, and the dashed line (labelled G) shows an axis which
passes through the centroid, which is also parallel to the top and bottom edge.

The shaded area is just one small portion of the shape which is a distance r from the
dashed axis and has an area bδr. By varying r between –h/2 and h/2, it is possible to
move the shaded area so that each part of the rectangle is highlighted in turn.

An expression for IGG is found by multiplying each small area (bδr) by the square of the
distance from the GG axis (r2) and then adding these together. If δr is assumed to be
very small it can be written as dr and IGG can be found using the following integration.

Revision 1.0
Date 02/10/14
Author RJB
h /2
I GG   r b dr
2

h / 2

## Solve the integration to find IGG in terms of b and h. 6%

7. Figure Q7 shows Fadum’s chart which is used in geotechnics for finding the vertical stress
at depth Z due to a rectangular foundation with dimensions B and L. The Influence factor is
plotted using a linear scale on the vertical axis, but the ratio B/Z is plotted using a log 10()
scale on the horizontal axis.

a) With reference to the graph, briefly explain the advantage of using the log scale in this
case. 5%
B B B
b) Find the midpoint between  1 and  2 on the horizontal axis. What value does
Z Z Z
5%
(Hint: Why is the distance between 0.1 and 1, the same as that between 1 and 10?)
B XY
c) If 1 , where X and Y are the values used in question 3, calculate its position
Z 50
B B
as a fraction of the distance between  1 and  2 . 5%
Z Z

d) Use the answer for part c) to find the Influence factor for L/Z = 0.5
5%

Revision 1.0
Date 02/10/14
Author RJB

## Your assignment is to be neatly hand written and is to be submitted to the Student

Administration area in the Avril Robarts building by 16th November 2015.

Note that all work on this assignment is to be your own individual work.

## Marking Scheme/Assessment Criteria

The marks for each question are shown within the detail of the assignment shown above.

Lecture notes.
Document title Template for Coursework
Revision 1.0
Date 02/10/14
Author RJB
Fundamentals of Engineering Mathematics (ICE Textbook series) (2015) Paperback – 30 Jun
2015 by Subhamoy Bhattacharya and Sourav Ghosh. ISBN-13: 978-0727758415

Extenuating Circumstances
If something serious happens that means that you will not be able to complete this assignment, you
need to contact the module leader as soon as possible. There are a number of things that can be
done to help, such as extensions, waivers and alternative assessments, but we can only arrange
this if you tell us. To ensure that the system is not abused, you will need to provide some evidence
of the problem.

## More guidance is available at https://www2.ljmu.ac.uk/student-administration/126427.htm

Any coursework submitted late without the prior agreement of the module leader will

The University defines Academic Misconduct as ‘any case of deliberate, premeditated cheating,
collusion, plagiarism or falsification of information, in an attempt to deceive and gain an unfair
advantage in assessment’. This includes attempting to gain marks as part of a team without
making a contribution. The Faculty takes Academic Misconduct very seriously and any suspected
cases will be investigated through the University’s standard policy (Academic Misconduct). If you
are found guilty, you may be expelled from the University with no award.

## It is your responsibility to ensure that you understand what constitutes Academic

Misconduct and to ensure that you do not break the rules. If you are unclear about what is

For more information you are directed to following the University web pages:

##  Information regarding academic misconduct:

http://www2.ljmu.ac.uk/corporate/SPR/89510.htm
 Information on study skills: http://www2.ljmu.ac.uk/studysupport/
 Information regarding referencing:
https://www2.ljmu.ac.uk/studysupport/69049.htm

Revision 1.0
Date 02/10/14
Author RJB