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• Lyndon Baines Johnson was born on August 27th, 1908 in a farmhouse in

Stonewall, Texas.

• Johnson, often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served
as the 36th president of the United States from 1963 to 1969. A moderate Democrat
and vigorous leader in the United States Senate, Johnson was elected vice
president in 1960 and acceded to the presidency in 1963 upon the assassination of
Pres.John F. Kennedy.

Vice Presidency
• Johnson ran for the Democratic nomination in the 1960 presidential election.
Although unsuccessful, he accepted the invitation of then-Senator John F. Kennedy
to be his running mate. They went on to win a close election over the
Republicanticket of Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. On November 22,
1963, Kennedy was assassinated and Johnso succeeded him as president.

• In domestic policy, Johnson designed the "Great Society" legislation to expand civil
rights,public broadcasting, Medicare, Medicaid, aid to education, the arts, urban and
rural development, public services and his "War on Poverty". Assisted in part by a
growing economy, the War on Poverty helped millions of Americans rise above the
poverty line during his administration.

• In foreign policy, Johnson escalated American involvement in the Vietnam War. In

1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which granted Johnson the
power to use military force in Southeast Asia without having to ask for an official
declaration of war. The number of American military personnel in Vietnam increased
dramatically, from 16,000 advisors in non-combat roles in 1963 to 525,000 in 1967,
many in combat roles

• LBJ died on January 22th, 1973, San Antonio, Texas