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CE214 Groundwater Development

Course Objective: At the end of the course, the student must be able to explain proficiently the
basic principles of groundwater flow, analyze aquifer test results; estimate groundwater
movement, storage, groundwater recharge and runoff; recognize the concepts of exploration,
design, construction, production tests and maintenance of wells and plan for the development
and management of aquifers.
Course Outline:
1. Introduction 5. Soil Moisture and Groundwater Recharge
 Hydrology and Hydrogeology  Porosity and water content of soil
 Historical development of applied  Capillarity
hydrogeology  Pore water tension in the vadose zone
 Sources of hydrogeologic information  Soil moisture
 Theory of unsaturated flow
 Water table recharge
2. Review of Hydrologic Processes 6. Groundwater Flow to Wells
 Evaporation and Transpiration  Computing drawdown caused by a
 Precipitation pumping well
 Runoff and Streamflow  Determining aquifer parameters from
 Groundwater recharge from base flow time-drawdown data
 Slug tests
 Well interference and hydrogeologic
 Aquifer test design
3. Properties of Aquifers 7. Regional Groundwater Flow
 Porosity of Earth  Steady regional Groundwater flow in
 Specific Yield unconfined aquifers
 Hydraulic Conductivity of Earth Materials  Transient flow in regional groundwater
 Permeameters systems
 Water table and Aquifers  Case Studies
 Aquifer Characteristics
4. Principles of Groundwater Flow 8. Groundwater Development and
 Mechanical energy and hydraulic head Management
 Force potential and hydraulic head  Management of aquifers
 Darcy’s Law  Field Methods for Analysis
 Equations of groundwater flow  Groundwater Models
 Solution of flow equations
 Hydraulic head gradient
 Steady flow in confined and unconfined
Course Requirements and Grading:

Homework/Seatwork(s) - 25%

Long exams (2) - 50%

Final exam - 25%

Textbooks/Handouts: No single textbook is prescribed; several references, however, covering the various
subject matters in this course are available at the UP Engineering Library. At times, handouts will be made
available or links to downloadable materials will be provided for specific topics. The following books are
recommended as important references:

Domenico, P.A. and F.W.Schwartz (1990). Physical and Chemical Hydrogeology. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Fetter, C.W. (1994). Applied Hydrogeology. Macmillan College Publishing Company, Inc.