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TARLAC STATE UNIVERSITY

COLLEGE OF LAW
Tarlac City

SYLLABUS
in

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
(Rules 110-127 of the Rules of Court As Amended)

by:

ATTY. SALVADOR N. MOYA II, LL.M.

S/Y 2018-2019
(First Semester)

PART I
(A Priori to Rule 114)

A Priori
Jurisdiction

Criminal Jurisdiction
Basic Principles in Criminal Jurisdiction
Criminal Jurisdiction of Trial Courts

I. Metropolitan Trial Courts, Municipal Trial Courts and Municipal Circuit


Trial Courts

Special Jurisdiction
Summary Procedure

II. Regional Trial Courts

Exclusive Original Jurisdiction


Original and Concurrent Jurisdiction with the Supreme Court
Original and Concurrent Jurisdiction with the Supreme Court and the
Court of Appeals
Original and Concurrent Jurisdiction with the Supreme Court, Court of
Appeals, and Sandiganbayan
Appellate Jurisdiction
Special Criminal Courts
Exclusive Jurisdiction
Family Courts
Commercial Courts
Environmental Courts
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Sandiganbayan
Court of Tax Appeals

III. Court of Appeals

IV. Supreme Court

Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
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THE 2000 RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Rule 110. Prosecution of Offenses

Sec. 1. Institution of criminal actions

FILING OF INFORMATION

PRESCRIPTIVE PERIOD

People vs. Pangilinan (672 SCRA 105, 13 June 2012)


Llenes vs. Dicdican (260 SCRA 207, 31 July 1996)
Ingco vs. Sandiganbayan (272 SCRA 563, 23 May 1997)
Brillante vs. Court of Appeals (440 SCRA 541, 19 October 2004)
Sanrio Company Limited vs. Lim (546 SCRA 303, 19 February 2008)
Securities and Exchange Commission vs. Interport Resources Corporation
(567 SCRA 354, 6 October 2008)
Presidential Commission on Good Government vs. Desierto (538 SCRA 207,
23 November 2007)
Presidential Ad Hoc Fact-Finding Committee on Behest Loans vs. Desierto
(317 SCRA 272, 25 October 1999)
Presidential Ad Hoc Fact-Finding Committee on Behest Loans vs. Desierto
(363 SCRA 489, 22 August 2001)
Zaldivia vs. Reyes, Jr. (211 SCRA 277, 3 July 1992)
Jadewell Parking Systems Corporation vs. Lidua, Sr. (706 SCRA 724, 7
October 2013)

Sec. 2. The complaint or information

FAILURE TO IMPLEAD PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

Madarang vs. Court of Appeals (463 SCRA 318, 14 July 2005)

Sec. 3. Complaint defined

COMPLAINT, EXPLAINED

Ebarle vs. Sucaldito (156 SCRA 803, 29 December 1987)

Sec. 4. Information defined

INFORMATION, EXPLAINED

Bautista vs. Court of Appeals (360 SCRA 618, 6 July 2001)

Sec. 5. Who must prosecute criminal action

FUNCTION, POWER, AND DISCRETION OF A PUBLIC PROSECUTOR

Suarez vs. Platon (69 Phil. 556, 7 February 1940)


Crespo vs. Mogul (151 SCRA 462, 30 June 1987)
Mobilia Products, Inc. vs. Umezawa (452 SCRA 736, 4 March 2005)
People vs. Tan (549 SCRA 489, 26 March 2008)
Chua-Burce vs. Court of Appeals (331 SCRA 1, 27 April 2000)
Go vs. Looyuko (537 SCRA 445, 26 October 2007)

PRIVATE CRIMES

Pilapil vs. Ibay-Somera (174 SCRA 653, 30 June 1989)


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Effect of Affidavit of Desistance

Alonte vs. Savellano, Jr. (287 SCRA 245, 9 March 1998)


People vs. Miranda (57 Phil. 274, 6 October 1932)
People vs. Infante (57 Phil. 138, 31 August 1932)

RAPE AS A CRIME AGAINST PERSON

People vs. Bonaagua (650 SCRA 620, 06 June 2011)

CRIMINAL ACTION FOR DEFAMATION

Gonzales vs. Arcilla (203 SCRA 609, 18 November 1991)

Sec. 6. Sufficiency of complaint or information

VALIDITY OF INFORMATION

Francisco vs. People (592 SCRA 672, 14 July 2009)

INSUFFICIENT INFORMATION, REMEDY

Santos vs. Orda, Jr. (437 SCRA 504, 516, 1 September 2004)
Gandarosa vs. Flores (527 SCRA 776, 17 July 2007)
Summerville General Merchandising & Co., Inc. vs. Eugenio, Jr. (529 SCRA
274, 7 August 2007)
People vs. Arrojado (774 SCRA 193, 9 November 2015)

Sec. 7. Name of the accused

OPENING STATEMENT OF THE INFORMATION

IDENTITY OF THE ACCUSED

People vs. Espera (706 SCRA 705, 2 October 2013)

Sec. 8. Designation of the offense

PROPER DESIGNATION OF OFFENSE IN THE INFORMATION

Licyayo vs. People (547 SCRA 598, 4 March 2008)


Flores vs. Layosa (436 SCRA 337, 12 August 2004)
Espino vs. People (700 SCRA 570, 3 July 2013)
People vs. Dela Cruz (383 SCRA 410, 21 June 2002)

Sec. 9. Cause of the accusation

NECESSITY OF ALLEGING QUALIFYING AND AGGRAVATING CIRCUMSTANCES

People vs. Garcia (281 SCRA 463, 6 November 1997)


People vs. Lab-eo (373 SCRA 461, 16 January 2002)

Abuse of Superior Strength

Disregard of Age and Sex

People vs. Collado (196 SCRA 519, 30 April 1991)

Treachery

People vs. Batin (539 SCRA 272, 28 November 2007)


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People vs. Bajar (414 SCRA 494, 27 October 2003)

Evident Premeditation

Nocturnity

Minority and Relationship

People vs. Montesclaros (589 SCRA 320, 16 June 2009)


People vs. Bernaldez (322 SCRA 462, 19 January 2000)
People vs. Resuma (546 SCRA 728, 26 February 2008)
People vs. Ferolino (329 SCRA 719, 5 April 2000)
People vs. Ceredon (542 SCRA 550, 28 January 2008)
People vs. Sanchez (411 SCRA 288, 18 September 2003)
People vs. Tabio (544 SCRA 156, 6 February 2008)

Mitigating Circumstance

Gandol vs. People (573 SCRA 108, 4 December 2008)

RIGHT TO EXEMPLARY DAMAGES

People vs. Catubig (363 SCRA 621, 23 August 2001)

Sec. 10. Place of commission of the offense

VENUE OF CRIMINAL ACTIONS

Union Bank of the Philippines vs. People (667 SCRA 113, 28 February 2012)
Treñas vs. People (664 SCRA 355, 25 January 2012)

Sec. 11. Date of commission of the offense

MATERIALITY OF DATE OR TIME IN THE COMPLAINT OR INFORMATION

Sec. 12. Name of the offended party

OFFENDED PARTY, EXPLAINED

Garcia vs. Court of Appeals (266 SCRA 678, 27 January 1997)


Ramiscal, Jr. vs. Sandiganbayan (446 SCRA 166, 13 December 2004)

NAME OF THE OFFENDED PARTY

Senador vs. People (692 SCRA 669, 6 March 2013)


Ricarze vs. Court of Appeals (515 SCRA 302, 9 February 2007)
Sayson vs. People (166 SCRA 680, 28 October 1988)
United States vs. Kepner (1 Phil. 519, 3 December 1902)

WITHHOLDING NAME OF THE OFFENDED PARTY

People vs. Cabalquinto (502 SCRA 419, 19 September 2006)

Sec. 13. Duplicity of the offense

DUPLICITY OF OFFENSES, EXPLAINED

Loney vs. People (482 SCRA 194, 10 February 2006)


People vs. Doriquez (24 SCRA 163, 29 July 1968)
People vs. Soriano, Sr. (546 SCRA 514, 22 February 2008)
Sec. 14. Amendment or substitution
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AMENDMENT AND SUBSTITUTION, WHEN MADE

People vs. Sandoval (348 SCRA 476, 18 December 2000)


Ocampo vs. Abando (715 SCRA 673, 11 February 2014)
Office of the Provincial Prosecutor of Zamboanga del Norte vs. Court of
Appeals (348 SCRA 714, 27 December 2000)
Pacoy vs. Cajigal (534 SCRA 338, 28 September 2007)
Galvez vs. Court of Appeals (237 SCRA 685, 24 October 1994)
Fronda-Baggao vs. People (539 SCRA 531, 10 December 2007)

DISTINCTION BETWEEN AMENDMENT AND SUBSTITUTION

Teehankee, Jr. vs. Madayag (207 SCRA 134, 6 March 1992)

FORMAL AMENDMENT

People vs. Borromeo (123 SCRA 253, 29 June 1983)


Lava vs. Gonzales (11 SCRA 650, 31 July 1964)

SUBSTITUTION OR SUBSTANTIAL AMENDMENT

Matalam vs. Sandiganbayan, Second Division (455 SCRA 736, 12 April


2005)
People vs. Magpale (70 Phil. 176, 26 June 1940)

Sec. 15. Place where action is to be instituted

VENUE IN CRIMINAL CASES

Navaja vs. De Castro (759 SCRA 487, 22 June 2015)

EXCEPTION TO THE RULE ON VENUE

Sto. Tomas vs. Salac (685 SCRA 245, 13 November 2012)

Sec. 16. Intervention of the offended party in criminal action

ROLE OF THE PRIVATE COMPLAINANT IN A CRIMINAL ACTION

Ricarze vs. Court of Appeals (515 SCRA 302, 9 February 2007)

LIMITATION ON THE INTERVENTION OF THE PRIVATE COMPLAINANT

People vs. Puig (563 SCRA 564, 28 August 2008)

Additional Reading/s:

People vs. Tuando, 785 SCRA 103 (24 February 2016)

Rule 111. Prosecution of Civil Action


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Sec. 1. Institution of criminal and civil actions

CRIMINAL AND CIVIL ACTIONS

CIVIL LIABILITY EX-DELICTO

IMPLIEDLY INSTITUTED CIVIL ACTION

COUNTERCLAIMS PROSCRIBED IN CRIMINAL CASES

Cabaero vs. Cantos (271 SCRA 391, 18 April 1997)


Maccay vs. Nobela (454 SCRA 504, 31 March 2005)

CRIMINAL AND CIVIL PROSECUTIONS FOR VIOLATION OF B.P. 22

Hyatt Industrial Manufacturing Corporation vs. Asia Dynamic Electrix


Corporation (465 SCRA 454, 29 July 2005)
Heirs of Eduardo Simon vs. Chan (644 SCRA 13, 23 February 2011)
Rodriquez vs. Ponferrada (465 SCRA 338, 29 July 2005)
Ada vs. Virola (172 SCRA 336, 17 April 1989)

Person Liable

Gosiaco vs. Ching (585 SCRA 471, 16 April 2009)

Venue in B.P. 22 Cases

PAYMENT OF FILING FEES

Chua vs. Executive Judge, Metropolitan Trial Court, Manila (706 SCRA 698,
2 October 2013)

Sec. 2. When separate civil action is suspended

SEPARATE FILING OF CIVIL ACTION

EFFECT OF ACQUITTAL ON THE CIVIL LIABILITY OF THE ACCUSED

Romero vs. People (593 SCRA 202, 17 July 2009)


Ching vs. Nicdao (522 SCRA 316, 27 April 2007)

Sec. 3. When civil action may proceed independently

SEPARATE CIVIL ACTION AGAINST THE ACCUSED

Cancio, Jr. vs. Isip (391 SCRA 393, 12 November 2002)

SEPARATE CIVIL ACTION BY THE ACCUSED

Sec. 4. Effect of death on civil actions

BAYOTAS CASE LAW

People vs. Bayotas (236 SCRA 239, 2 September 1994)


People vs. Paniterce (617 SCRA 389, 5 April 2010)
Datu vs. People (637 SCRA 754, 13 December 2010)
ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation vs. Office of the Ombudsman (569
SCRA 59, 15 October 2008)
Go vs. Looyuko (537 SCRA 445, 26 October 2007)
Sec. 5. Judgment in civil action not a bar
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EFFECT OF DISMISSAL OF CIVIL CASE

Trinidad vs. Office of the Ombudsman (539 SCRA 415, 4 December 2007)

Sec. 6. Suspension by reason of prejudicial question

PREJUDICIAL QUESTION, DEFINED

REQUISITES TO SUSPEND A CRIMINAL CASE DUE TO PREJUDICIAL QUESTION

First Producers Holdings Corporation vs. Co (336 SCRA 551, 27 July 2000)
Yu vs. Philippine Commercial International Bank (485 SCRA 56, 17 March
2006)
Security Bank Corporation vs. Victorio (468 SCRA 609, 31 August 2005)
Abacan, Jr. vs. Northwestern University, Inc. (455 SCRA 136, 8 April 2005)
Omictin vs. Court of Appeals (512 SCRA 70, 22 January 2007)
San Miguel Properties, Inc. vs. Perez (705 SCRA 38, 4 September 2013)

Sec. 7. Elements of prejudicial question

EXISTENCE OF A PREJUDICIAL QUESTION

Pimentel vs. Pimentel (630 SCRA 436, 13 September 2010)


Te vs. Court of Appeals (346 SCRA 327, 29 November 2000)

Additional Reading/s:

People vs. Lipata, G.R. No. 200302 (20 April 2016), [Sec. 4, Rule 111]

Rule 112. Preliminary Investigation


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Sec. 1. Preliminary investigation defined; when required

PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION, EXPLAINED

Bautista vs. Court of Appeals1

PROBABLE CAUSE, EXPLAINED

BASIS FOR THE CONDUCT OF PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION

Santos vs. Bernardo2

Sec. 2. Officers authorized to conduct preliminary investigations

EXECUTIVE DETERMINATION OF PROBABLE CAUSE

Yambot vs. Armovit3

OMBUDSMAN'S POWER TO CONDUCT PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION

Honasan II vs. The Panel of Investigating Prosecutors of the Department


of Justice4
Alawiya vs. Datumanong5

JUDICIAL DETERMINATION OF PROBABLE CAUSE

Lumbos vs. Baliguat6


Co vs. Republic7

Preliminary Investigation and Preliminary Examination, Distinguished

People vs. Inting8

DOCTRINE OF NON-INTERFERENCE

Tetangco vs. Ombudsman9


Alberto vs. Court of Appeals10

EXCEPTION TO THE DOCTRINE OF NON-INTERFERENCE

Ledesma vs. Court of Appeals11

Sec. 3. Procedure

THE COMPLAINT

Soriano vs. Casanova12


Ladlad vs. Velasco13
Callo-Claridad vs. Esteban14

1 360 SCRA 618 (6 July 2001).


2 559 SCRA 310 (23 July 2008).
3 565 SCRA 177 (12 September 2008).
4 427 SCRA 46 (13 April 2004).
5 585 SCRA 267 (16 April 2009).
6 496 SCRA 556 (27 July 2006).
7 539 SCRA 147 (28 November 2007).
8 187 SCRA 788 (25 July 1990).
9 479 SCRA 249 (20 January 2006).
10 699 SCRA 104 (19 June 2013).
11 278 SCRA 656 (5 September 1997).
12 486 SCRA 431 (31 March 2006).
13 523 SCRA 318 (1 June 2007).
14 694 SCRA 185 (20 March 2013).
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EVALUATION OF THE COMPLAINT

THE COUNTER-AFFIDAVIT

Estandarte vs. People15

CLARIFICATORY HEARING

De Ocampo vs. Secretary of Justice16

RESOLUTION OF THE INVESTIGATION

Ocampo vs. Abando17


People vs. Anonas18
Roque vs. Office of the Ombudsman19
Tatad vs. Sandiganbayan20
Estrada vs. Office of the Ombudsman21

Sec. 4. Resolution of investigating prosecutor and its review

PREPARATION OF THE INFORMATION

CERTIFICATION IN THE INFORMATION

Alvizo vs. Sandiganbayan22

APPROVAL OF THE FILING OF INFORMATION

Tolentino vs. Paqueo, Jr.23

REVIEW OF INVESTIGATING PROSECUTOR’S RESOLUTION BY THE SECRETARY OF


JUSTICE

Asetre vs. Asetre24


Joaquin, Jr. vs. Drilon25

MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION

Guy vs. Asia United Bank26


Yao vs. Court of Appeals27
Amorganda vs. Court of Appeals28
Lagunzad vs. Court of Appeals29
Ginete vs. Court of Appeals30
Crespo vs. Mogul31
Balindong vs. Court of Appeals32
REMEDY TO AN ADVERSE RESOLUTION OF THE SECRETARY OF DOJ

15 546 SCRA 130 (18 February 2008).


16 480 SCRA 71 (25 January 2006).
17 715 SCRA 673 (11 February 2014).
18 513 SCRA 552 (31 January 2007).
19 307 SCRA 104 (12 May 1999).
20 159 SCRA 70 (21 March 1988).
21 748 SCRA 1 (21 January 2015).
22 220 SCRA 55 (17 March 1993).
23 523 SCRA 377 (7 June 2007).
24 584 SCRA 471 (7 April 2009).
25 302 SCRA 225 (28 January 1999).
26 534 SCRA 703 (4 October 2007).
27 344 SCRA 202 (24 October 2000).
28 166 SCRA 203 (30 September 1988).
29 154 SCRA 199 (24 September 1987).
30 296 SCRA 38 (24 September 1998).
31 151 SCRA 462 (30 June 1987).
32 447 SCRA 200 (16 December 2004).
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Yambot vs. Tuquero33


Ching vs. Secretary of Justice34
Mendoza-Arce vs. Office of the Ombudsman (Visayas)35

Extraordinary Writ of Mandamus

Hipos, Sr. vs. Bay36

Petition for Review Filed with the Office of the President

Sec. 5. When warrant of arrest may issue

PROCEDURE FOR THE ISSUANCE OF WARRANT OF ARREST

Soliven vs. Makasiar37


People vs. Sandiganbayan38
De Los Santos-Dio vs. Court of Appeals39
Ribaya vs. Binamira-Parcia40

OFFENSE PENALIZED BY FINE, NO WARRANT OF ARREST

Si vs. Calis41

Sec. 6. When accused lawfully arrested without warrant

CONCEPT OF INQUEST

COMMENCEMENT AND TERMINATION OF INQUEST

DOCUMENTS REQUIRED IN SPECIFIC CASES

DUTIES OF AN INQUEST OFFICER

Unlawful Warrantless Arrest

Lawful Warrantless Arrest

Leviste vs. Alameda42

Probable Cause Exists

No Probable Cause Exists

Recovered Articles

REMEDY OF APPEAL

WAIVER OF THE RIGHT TO A PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION

Abugotal vs. Tiro43


Sec. 7. Records

33 646 SCRA 249 (23 March 2011).


34 481 SCRA 609 (6 February 2006).
35 380 SCRA 325 (5 April 2002).
36 581 SCRA 674 (17 March 2009).
37 167 SCRA 393 (14 November 1988).
38 439 SCRA 390 (29 September 2004).
39 699 SCRA 614 (26 June 2013).
40 456 SCRA 107 (15 April 2005).
41 541 SCRA 535 (28 December 2007).
42 626 SCRA 575 (3 August 2010).
43 66 SCRA 196 (20 August 1975).
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RECORDS MATERIAL TO THE INFORMATION

Uy vs. Office of the Ombudsman44


Ang Tibay vs. Court of Industrial Relations, etc.45

Sec. 8. Cases not requiring a preliminary investigation nor covered by the Rule on
Summary Procedure

DETERMINATION OF PROBABLE CAUSE WITHOUT THE REQUISITE PRELIMINARY


INVESTIGATION

Borlongan, Jr. vs. Peña46


Tabujara III vs. People47
Sangguniang Bayan of Batac, Ilocos Norte vs. Albano48

Additional Reading/s:

Reyes vs. Ombudsman, G.R. Nos. 212593-94 (15 March 2016), [Sec. 6(b),
Rule 112]

Young vs. People, 783 SCRA 286 (3 February 2016), [Sec. 5(a), Rule 112]

Fortaleza vs. Gonzalez, 782 SCRA 504 (1 February 2016)

Quisay vs. People, 781 SCRA 98 (13 January 2016), [Sec. 4, Rule 112 in
relation to Sec. 9, R.A. No. 10071 (Prosecution Service Act of 2010)]

De Lima vs. Reyes, 779 SCRA 1 (11 January 2016), [Sec. 4, Rule 112]

Marasigan vs. Fuentes, 778 SCRA 645 (11 January 2016)

Rule 113. Arrest

44 556 SCRA 73 (27 June 2008).


45 69 Phil. 635 (27 February 1940).
46 538 SCRA 221 (23 November 2007).
47 570 SCRA 229 (29 October 2008).
48 260 SCRA 561 (21 August 1996).
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Sec. 1. Definition of arrest

ARREST, DEFINED

Larranaga vs. Court of Appeals49

Sec. 2. Arrest; how made

MANNER OF ARREST

Sanchez vs. Demetriou50


Babst vs. National Intelligence Board51
People vs. Sequiño52
People vs. Baloloy53

ROADSIDE QUESTIONING, NOT A FORMAL ARREST

Berkemer vs. McCarty54


Luz vs. People55
Knowles vs. Iowa56

Sec. 3. Duty of arresting officer

DELIVERY OF ACCUSED TO PROPER AUTHORITIES

Sayo vs. Chief of Police of Manila57


Medina vs. Orozco, Jr.58
Soria vs. Desierto59
Agbay vs. Deputy Ombudsman for the Military60
People vs. Sapal61

EXCEPTION TO THE APPLICATION OF ARTICLE 125 OF THE REVISED PENAL CODE

Sec. 4. Execution of warrant

EXPIRATION OF THE WARRANT

REPORT ON THE EXECUTION OF WARRANT

Torrevillas vs. Navidad62

Sec. 5. Arrest without warrant; when lawful

EXCEPTIONS TO THE REQUIREMENT OF A WARRANT OF ARREST

Arrest in Flagrante Delicto

People vs. Nepomuceno63

49 287 SCRA 581 (13 March 1998), cited in Claridades, A. T. (2015). Philippine Legal Lexicon. 2015 Ed. (p.76). Quezon City,
Philippines: Central Book Supply, Inc.
50 227 SCRA 627 (9 November 1993).
51 132 SCRA 316 (28 September 1984).
52 264 SCRA 79 (13 November 1996).
53 381 SCRA 31 (12 April 2002).
54 468 U.S. 420 (1984).
55 667 SCRA 421 (29 February 2012).
56 525 U.S. 113 (1998).
57 80 Phil. 859 (12 May 1948).
58 18 SCRA 1168 (22 December 1966).
59 450 SCRA 339 (31 January 2005)
60 309 SCRA 726 (2 July 1999).
61 328 SCRA 417 (17 March 2000); People vs. Fider, 223 SCRA 117 (3 June 1993).
62 A.M No. RTJ-06-1976 and A.M No. RTJ-06-1977 (29 April 2009).
63 750 SCRA 209 (9 February 2015).
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Valdez vs. People64


People vs. Shabaz65

Arrest Effected in Hot Pursuit

People vs. Doria66


Posadas vs. Ombudsman67

Arrest of Escaped Prisoner

People vs. Villareal68

INQUEST PROCEEDINGS

DUTY OF THE INQUEST PROSECUTOR

Ladlad vs. Velasco69

WAIVER OF ILLEGAL WARANTLESS ARREST

People vs. Ereño70

Sec. 6. Time of making arrest

ARREST ON A FRIDAY

Colorado vs. Agapito71

Sec. 7. Method of arrest by officer by virtue of warrant

Sec. 8. Method of arrest by officer without warrant

Sec. 9. Method of arrest by private person

STANDARD PROCEDURE IN MAKING AN ARREST

People vs. Tan72

Sec. 10. Officer may summon assistance

AGENTS OF AUTHORITY

Sec. 11. Right of officer to break into building or enclosure

VALID INVASION TO DWELLING

United States vs. Arceo73

Sec. 12. Right to break out from building or enclosure

Sec. 13. Arrest after escape or rescue


CONCEPT OF REARREST

64 538 SCRA 611 (23 November 2007).


65 424 Mich. 42, 378 N.W.2d 451 (1985).
66 301 SCRA 668 (22 January 1999).
67 341 SCRA 388 (29 September 2000).
68 693 SCRA 549 (18 March 2013).
69 523 SCRA 318 (1 June 2007).
70 326 SCRA 157 (22 February 2000).
71 526 SCRA 250 (3 July 2007).
72 359 SCRA 283 (21 June 2001).
73 3 Phil. 381 (5 March 1904).
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Sec. 14. Right of attorney or relative to visit person arrested

RATIONALE OF REGULATED VISITS

Alejano vs. Cabuay74


Bell vs. Wolfish75

Additional Reading/s:

People vs. Dela Cruz, G.R. No. 205414 (4 April 2016), [Sec. 5(a), Rule 113 in
relation to Sec. 21, R.A. No. 9165]

Saraum vs. People, 781 SCRA 661 (25 January 2016), [Sec. 5(a), Rule 113 in
relation to Sec. 12, Article II, R.A. No. 9165 & Sec. 21 (1) of R.A. No. 9165]

People vs. Lugnasin, 785 SCRA 120 (24 February 2016), [Sec. 5, Rule 113 in
relation to Secs. 2 and 3, R.A. No. 7438]

Palo vs. People, 783 SCRA 557 (10 February 2016), [Sec. 5, Rule 113 in
relation to Sec. 21, Article II, R.A. No. 9165]

Rule 114. Bail

74 468 SCRA 188 (25 August 2005).


75 441 U.S. 520 (1979).
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Sec. 1. Bail defined

PURPOSE OF BAIL

Feliciano vs. Pasicolan76

CUSTODY OF THE LAW AND JURISDICTION OVER THE PERSON, DISTINGUISHED

Miranda vs. Tuliao77


Santiago vs. Vasquez78
Allado vs. Diokno79
Roberts, Jr. vs. Court of Appeals80
Lacson vs. Executive Secretary81

APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION TO BAIL

Pico vs. Combong, Jr.82


Serapio vs. Sandiganbayan83

RIGHT TO BAIL, WAIVABLE

People vs. Donato84

Sec. 2. Conditions of the bail; requirements

EFFECTIVITY OF THE BAIL

Maguddatu vs. Court of Appeals85

PERSONAL APPEARANCE OF THE ACCUSED

Crisostomo vs. Sandiganbayan86


Lavides vs. Court of Appeals87
Borja vs. Mendoza88

OBLIGATION OF THE BONDSMAN

United States vs. Addison and Gomez89


People vs. Puyal, et al.90
People vs. Gantang Kasim, et al.91

Sec. 3. No release or transfer except on court order or bail

PROPER RELEASE ON BAIL

Yap vs. Inopiquez, Jr.92


De Austria vs. Beltran93

76 2 SCRA 888 (31 July 1961).


77 486 SCRA 377 (31 March 2006).
78 217 SCRA 633 (27 January 1993).
79 232 SCRA 192 (5 May 1994).
80 254 SCRA 307 (5 March 1996).
81 301 SCRA 298 (20 January 1999).
82 215 SCRA 421 (6 November 1992).
83 396 SCRA 443 (28 January 2003).
84 198 SCRA 130 (5 June 1991).
85 326 SCRA 362 (23 February 2000).
86 456 SCRA 45 (14 April 2005).
87 324 SCRA 321 (1 February 2000).
88 77 SCRA 422 (20 June 1977).
89 27 Phil. 563 (26 August 1914).
90 98 Phil. 415 (17 February 1956).
91 108 SCRA 171 (25 May 1960).
92 403 SCRA 141 (9 May 2003).
93 313 SCRA 443 (1 September 1999).
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Guillermo vs. Reyes, Jr.94

Sec. 4. Bail, a matter of right; exception

BAIL AS A MATTER OF RIGHT

Tolentino vs. Camano, Jr.95


Go vs. Court of Appeals96

BAIL IN EXTRADITION CASES

Government of the United States of America vs. Purganan97


Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region vs. Olalia, Jr.98

BAIL IN DEPORTATION CASES

United States vs. Go-Siaco99


Mejoff vs. Director of Prisons100 and Chirskoff vs. Commission of
Immigration101

Sec. 5. Bail, when discretionary

GRANT OF BAIL PENDING APPEAL

Leviste vs. Court of Appeals102


Obosa vs. Court of Appeals103
Alva vs. Court of Appeals104
Chua vs. Court of Appeals105
Qui vs. People106
People vs. Fitzgerald107

Sec. 6. Capital offense, defined

CAPITAL OFFENSE, EXPLAINED

Sec. 7. Capital offense or an offense punishable by reclusion perpetua or life


imprisonment, not bailable

RECLUSION PERPETUA AND LIFE IMPRISONMENT, DISTINGUISHED

People vs. Rafols108

CAPITAL OFFENSES, NON-BAILABLE

Valerio vs. Court of Appeals109


People vs. Nitcha110
Trillanes IV vs. Pimentel, Sr.111

94 240 SCRA 154 (18 January 1995).


95 322 SCRA 559 (20 January 2000).
96 206 SCRA 138 (11 February 1992).
97 389 SCRA 623 (24 September 2002).
98 521 SCRA 470 (19 April 2007).
99 12 Phil. 490 (14 January 1909).
100 90 Phil. 71 (26 September 1951).
101 90 Phil. 256 (26 October 1951).
102 615 SCRA 619 (17 March 2010).
103 266 SCRA 281 (16 January 1997).
104 487 SCRA 146 (12 April 2006).
105 520 SCRA 729 (12 April 2007).
106 682 SCRA 94 (26 September 2012).
107 505 SCRA 573 (27 October 2006).
108 228 SCRA 351 (10 December 1993).
109 535 SCRA 453 (10 October 2007).
110 240 SCRA 283 (19 January 1995).
111 556 SCRA 471 (27 June 2008).
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People vs. Jalosjos112


Alejano vs. Cabuay113
People vs. Maceda114
Montano vs. Ocampo115
Pobre vs. Court of Appeals116

EXCEPTION TO THE NO BAIL RULE

Enrile vs. Sandiganbayan (Third Division)117


De la Rama vs. People’s Court118

Sec. 8. Burden of proof in bail application

MANDATORY HEARING ON THE APPLICATION FOR BAIL

Almeron vs. Sardido119


Cortes vs. Catral120
Basco vs. Rapatalo121
Santos vs. Ofilada122
Baylon vs. Sison123

Sec. 9. Amount of bail; guidelines

FIXING THE AMOUNT OF BAIL

People vs. Dacudao124


People vs. Gako, Jr.125

EXCESSIVE BAIL

Victory Liner, Inc. vs. Bellosillo126

Imposable Penalty, Basis for Determining Bail as a Matter of Right

People vs. Valdez127


People vs. Bago128
Catiis vs. Court of Appeals129

Sec. 10. Corporate surety

ACCREDITATION OF SURETY BONDS

Procedure for Accreditation

LIFETIME OF BONDS

BAIL BOND

112 324 SCRA 689 (3 February 2000).


113 468 SCRA 188 (25 August 2005).
114 323 SCRA 45 (24 January 2000).
115 G.R. No. L-6352 (29 January 1953).
116 463 SCRA 50 (8 July 2005).
117 767 SCRA 282 (18 August 2015).
118 77 Phil. 461 (2 October 1946), in which the pending criminal case against the petitioner was for treason.
119 281 SCRA 415 (6 November 1997).
120 279 SCRA 1 (10 September 1997).
121 269 SCRA 220 (5 March 1997).
122 245 SCRA 56 (16 June 1995).
123 243 SCRA 284 (6 April 1995).
124 170 SCRA 489, 495 (21 February 1989).
125 348 SCRA 334 (15 December 2000).
126 425 SCRA 79 (10 March 2004).
127 776 SCRA 672 (8 December 2015).
128 330 SCRA 115 (6 April 2000).
129 482 SCRA 71 (9 February 2006).
19

Sec. 11. Property bond, how posted

PROCEDURE IN POSTING A SURETY OR PROPERTY BOND

Yap vs. Inopiquez, Jr.130

Sec. 12. Qualifications of sureties in property bond

SURETY, DEFINED

Sec. 13. Justification of sureties

DUTY OF JUDGE BEFORE APPROVING THE PROPERTY BOND

Sec. 14. Deposit of cash as bail

CASH BOND, EXPLAINED

Esler vs. Ledesma131

PERSONS AUTHORIZED TO RECEIVE CASH BAIL BOND

Agulan Jr. vs. Fernandez132


Sidro vs. People133
De Austria vs. Beltran134

Sec. 15. Recognizance

RECOGNIZANCE, DEFINED

United States vs. Sunico and Ng Chiong135

RELEASE ON RECOGNIZANCE

Tabao vs. Barataman136

Sec. 16. Bail, when not required; reduced bail or recognizance

BASIS FOR NON-REQUIREMENT OF BAIL

Martinez, Sr. vs. Paguio137


Agunday vs. Tresvalles138
Riño vs. Cawaling139

Sec. 17. Bail, where filed

PROPER COURT TO GRANT BAIL

De los Santos vs. Mangino140


Yap vs. Inopiquez, Jr.141

130 403 SCRA 141 (9 May 2003).


131 52 Phil. 114 (21 September 1928).
132 356 SCRA 162 (4 April 2001).
133 428 SCRA 182 (28 April 2004).
134 313 SCRA 443 (1 September 1999).
135 40 Phil. 826 (24 February 1920); Lamphire vs. State, 73 N. H., 462; 62 Atl., 786; 6 Am. & Eng. Ann. Cas., 615.
136 380 SCRA 396 (11 April 2002).
137 394 SCRA 287 (27 December 2002).
138 319 SCRA 134 (25 November 1999).
139 431 SCRA 128 (7 June 2004).
140 405 SCRA 521 (10 July 2003); Cruz vs. Yaneza, 304 SCRA 285 (9 March 1999).
141 403 SCRA 141 (9 May 2003).
20

Aquino-Simbulan vs. Bartolome142


Barbero vs. Dumlao143
Savella vs. Ines144
Inoturan vs. Limsiaco, Jr.145
Santiago vs. Jovellanos146

Sec. 18. Notice of application to prosecutor

IMPORTANCE OF PROSECUTION’S SUMMARY OF EVIDENCE IN BAIL HEARINGS

People vs. Gako, Jr.147


Docena-Caspe vs. Bugtas148
Santos vs. Ofilada149
Zuño vs. Cabebe150
Espiritu vs. Jovellanos151
Chin vs. Gustilo152
Bantuas vs. Pangadapun153
Libarios vs. Dabalos154

Sec. 19. Release on bail

RELEASE FROM DETENTION UPON APPROVAL OF BAIL

Inoturan vs. Limsiaco, Jr.155

TRANSMITTAL OF RELEASE ORDER TO THE COURT WHERE THE CASE IS PENDING

Naui vs. Mauricio, Sr.156


Santiago vs. Jovellanos157

Sec. 20. Increase or reduction of bail

DISCRETION OF THE COURT TO INCREASE/REDUCE THE AMOUNT OF BAIL

People vs. Alano158


Sy Guan vs. Amparo159

WANT OF JURISDICTION

Conquilla vs. Bernardo160

Sec. 21. Forfeiture of bail

142 588 SCRA 259 (5 June 2009).


143 555 SCRA 193 (19 June 2008).
144 521 SCRA 417 (19 April 2007).
145 458 SCRA 48 (6 May 2005).
146 337 SCRA 21 (1 August 2000).
147 348 SCRA 334 (15 December 2000).
148 400 SCRA 37 (28 March 2003).
149 245 SCRA 56 (16 June 1995).
150 444 SCRA 382 (26 November 2004)
151 280 SCRA 579 (16 October 1997).
152 247 SCRA 175 (11 August 1995).
153 292 SCRA 622 (20 July 1998).
154 199 SCRA 48 (11 July 1991).
155 458 SCRA 48 (6 May 2005).
156 414 SCRA 11 (23 October 2003).
157 337 SCRA 21 (1 August 2000).
158 81 Phil. 19 (14 May 1948).
159 79 Phil. 670 (4 December 1947).
160 642 SCRA 288 (9 February 2011).
21

NON-APPEARANCE OF ACCUSED ON BAIL

People vs. Franklin161


Reliance Surety & Insurance Co., Inc. vs. Amante, Jr.162
Mendoza vs. Alarma163
People vs. Doctor164

LIABILITY OF THE BONDSMEN

Vallangca vs. Ariola165


People vs. Felix166
People vs. Soliman167

Sec. 22. Cancellation of bail

BAIL, WHEN CANCELLED

Esteban vs. Alhambra168


Bongcac vs. Sandiganbayan169
Andres vs. Beltran170

Sec. 23. Arrest of accused out on bail

SURETY, JAILER OF THE ACCUSED

People vs. Uy Tuising171

PROHIBITION TO LEAVE THE COUNTRY

Manotoc, Jr. vs. Court of Appeals172

HOLD DEPARTURE ORDER

Sec. 24. No bail after final judgment; exception

BAIL, WHEN NOT GRANTED

Vicente vs. Majaducon173

Sec. 25. Court supervision of detainees

ADMINISTRATIVE DUTIES OF AN EXECUTIVE JUDGE

Mupas vs. Español174

Sec. 26. Bail not a bar to objections on illegal arrest, lack of or irregular preliminary
investigation

161 39 SCRA 363 (7 June 1971).


162 462 SCRA 399 (30 June 2005).
163 554 SCRA 42 (7 May 2008).
164 12 SCRA 156 (30 September 1964).
165 53 SCRA 139 (28 September 1973).
166 101 Phil. 1209 (14 May 1957).
167 76 SCRA 582 (29 April 1977).
168 437 SCRA 560 (7 September 2004).
169 588 SCRA 64 (21 May 2009).
170 363 SCRA 371 (20 August 2001).
171 61 Phil. 404 (25 April 1935).
172 142 SCRA 149 (30 May 1986).
173 461 SCRA 12 (23 June 2005).
174 434 SCRA 303 (14 July 2004).
22

APPLICATION FOR BAIL, NOT A WAIVER OF THE RIGHT TO ASSAIL THE WARRANT OF
ARREST

Borlongan, Jr. vs. Peña175


Leviste vs. Almeda176

REMEDY OF INJUNCTION

Additional Reading/s:

People vs. Piad, 781 SCRA 678 (25 January 2016), [Sec. 5, Rule 114 in relation
to Secs. 13 & 14, Article II, R.A. No. 9165]

PART II
(Rule 115-Rule 127)
175 538 SCRA 221 (23 November 2007).
176 626 SCRA 575 (3 August 2010).
23

Rule 115. Rights of Accused

Sec. 1. Rights of accused at the trial

RIGHT TO BE PRESUMED INNOCENT UNTIL THE CONTRARY IS PROVED BEYOND


REASONABLE DOUBT

Proof beyond reasonable doubt

Presumption of regularity

People vs. Padilla177


People vs. Nuarin178
People vs. Dahil179

RIGHT TO BE INFORMED OF THE NATURE AND CAUSE OF THE ACCUSATION AGAINST


HIM

Sufficiency of Complaint or Information

Matrido vs. People180

Importance of Arraignment

RIGHT TO BE PRESENT AND DEFEND IN PERSON AND BY COUNSEL AT EVERY STAGE OF


THE PROCEEDINGS, FROM ARRAIGNMENT TO PROMULGATION OF JUDGMENT

People vs. Holgado181


People vs. Ferrer182
People vs. Sevilleno183
People vs. Malunsing184

Appointment of Counsel De Oficio

Libuit vs. People185

Waiver of the Right to be Heard by Himself

Estrada vs. People186


People vs. Salas187
Gimenez vs. Nazareno188

RIGHT TO TESTIFY AS A WITNESS IN HIS OWN BEHALF

Maliwat vs. Court of Appeals189


People vs. Suplito190

177531 SCRA 185 (24 August 2007).


178763 SCRA 504 (22 July 2015).
179 745 SCRA 221 (12 January 2015).
180 592 SCRA 534 (13 July 2009).
181 85 Phil. 752 (22 March 1950).
182 406 SCRA 658 (18 July 2003).
183 305 SCRA 519 (29 March 1999).
184 63 SCRA 493 (29 April 1975).
185 469 SCRA 610 (13 September 2005).
186 468 SCRA 233 (25 August 2005).
187 143 SCRA 163 (29 July 1986).
188 160 SCRA 1 (15 April 1988).
189 256 SCRA 718 (15 May 1996).
190 314 SCRA 493 (16 September 1999).
24

People vs. Estrada191

RIGHT TO BE EXEMPT FROM BEING COMPELLED TO BE A WITNESS AGAINST HIMSELF

People vs. Ayson192

Rights of Persons under Custodial Investigation

People vs. Basay193

Extrajudicial Confession, Explained

People vs. Bacor194


People vs. Naag195
People vs. Gamboa196
People vs. Malimit197

RIGHT TO CONFRONT AND CROSS-EXAMINE THE WITNESSES AGAINST HIM AT THE


TRIAL

Fulgado vs. Court of Appeals, et al.198


People vs. Escote, Jr.199

RIGHT TO HAVE COMPULSORY PROCESS ISSUED TO SECURE THE ATTENDANCE OF


WITNESSES AND PRODUCTION OF OTHER EVIDENCE IN HIS BEHALF

People vs. Chua200


United States vs. Ramirez201
Webb vs. De Leon202
Brady vs. Maryland203

RIGHT TO HAVE SPEEDY, IMPARTIAL AND PUBLIC TRIAL

Williams vs. United States204

Speedy Trial

Saldariega vs. Panganiban205


Barker vs. Wingo206

Speedy Disposition of Cases

Gonzales vs. Sandiganbayan207


Bernat vs. Sandiganbayan208
Pichon vs. Rallos209
Impartial Trial

191 333 SCRA 699 (19 June 2000).


192 People vs. Ayson, 175 SCRA 216 (7 July 1989).
193 219 SCRA 404 (3 March 1993).
194 306 SCRA 522 (30 April 1999).
195 322 SCRA 716 (20 January 2000).
196 194 SCRA 372 (25 February 1991).
197 264 SCRA 167 (14 November 1996).
198 182 SCRA 81 (12 February 1990).
199 400 SCRA 603 (4 April 2003).
200 356 SCRA 225 (4 April 2001).
201 39 Phil. 738 (8 March 1919).
202 247 SCRA 652 (23 August 1995).
203 373 US 83, 83 S. Ct. 1194, 10 L. Ed. 2d, 216 (1983).
204 250 F.2d. 19 (1957).
205 755 SCRA 627 (15 April 2015).
206 407 US 514, 33 L. Ed. 2d 101, 92 S. Ct. 2182 (1972).
207 199 SCRA 298 (16 July 1991).
208 428 SCRA 787 (20 May 2004).
209 396 SCRA 124 (28 January 2003).
25

RIGHT TO APPEAL IN ALL CASES ALLOWED AND IN THE MANNER PRESCRIBED BY LAW

Tan vs. People210

Additional Reading/s:

Ibañez vs. People, 782 SCRA 291 (27 January 2016), [Sec. 1(c), Rule 115 in
relation to Secs. 6-7, Rule 116]

Rule 116. Arraignment and Plea

Sec. 1. Arraignment and plea; how made

210 381 SCRA 74 (12 April 2002).


26

ARRAIGNMENT, EXPLAINED

ARRAIGNMENT, WHEN HELD

PLEA OF GUILTY

People vs. Moro Sabilul211


United States vs. Jamad212
People vs. Magat213

BELATED ARRAIGNMENT, NON-PREJUDICIAL

People vs. Pangilinan214


People vs. Cabale215
People vs. Atienza and Closa216

PROVISIONAL ARRAIGNMENT, ALLOWED

People vs. Espinosa217

Sec. 2. Plea of guilty to a lesser offense

REQUISITES OF PLEA BARGAINING

Bug-atan vs. People218


Daan vs. Sandiganbayan (Fourth Division)219
Ladino vs. Garcia220
People vs. Villarama, Jr.221
People vs. Kayanan222

EFFECT OF PLEA BARGAINING ON THE CIVIL LIABILITY OF THE ACCUSED

Amatan vs. Aujero223


Heirs of Mario Gevero vs. Guihing Agricultural & Development
Corporation224

Sec. 3. Plea of guilty to capital offense; reception of evidence

IMPROVIDENCE OF GUILTY PLEA

People vs. Durango225


People vs. Gambao226
People vs. Ceredon227
People vs. Lakindanum228
People vs. Mira229

211 93 Phil. 567 (31 July 1953).


212 37 Phil. 305 (15 December 1917).
213 332 SCRA 517 (31 May 2000).
214 518 SCRA 358 (14 March 2007).
215 185 SCRA 140 (8 May 1990).
216 86 Phil. 576 (17 June 1950).
217 409 SRA 256 (15 August 2003).
218 630 SCRA 537 (15 September 2010).
219 550 SCRA 233 (28 March 2008).
220 265 SCRA 422 (6 December 1996).
221 210 SCRA 246 (23 June 1992).
222 83 SCRA 437 (31 May 1978).
223 248 SCRA 511 (27 September 1995).
224 499 SCRA 301 (18 August 2006).
225 329 SCRA 758 (5 April 2000).
226 706 SCRA 508 (1 October 2013).
227 542 SCRA 550 (28 January 2008).
228 304 SCRA 429 (10 March 1999).
229 535 SCRA 543 (10 October 2007).
27

Sec. 4. Plea of guilty to non-capital offense; reception of evidence, discretionary

RECEPTION OF EVIDENCE, DISCRETIONARY

People vs. Flores230

Sec. 5. Withdrawal of improvident plea of guilty

CATEGORICAL DECLARATION OF WITHDRAWAL, REQUIRED

People vs. Solamillo231

Sec. 6. Duty of court to inform accused of his right to counsel

COUNSEL DE OFICIO DURING ARRAIGNMENT

RIGHT TO A COUNSEL DE PARTE, WAIVABLE

Eballa vs. Paas232

Sec. 7. Appointment of counsel de oficio

ROLE OF PAO LAWYERS

Public Attorney's Office vs. Sandiganbayan, Special Division233

Sec. 8. Time for counsel de oficio to prepare for arraignment

FLEXIBILITY AS REGARDS CONTINGENCIES

Lumanlaw vs. Peralta, Jr.234

Sec. 9. Bill of particular

BILL OF PARTICULARS, EXPLAINED

Virata vs. Sandiganbayan235


People vs. Iannone236

MOTION FOR A BILL OF PARTICULARS

Enrile vs. People237


People vs. Marquez238
People vs. Ibañez239

Sec. 10. Production or inspection of material evidence in possession of prosecution

GOOD CAUSE TO ALLOW INSPECTION OF MATERIAL EVIDENCE

230 345 SCRA 746 (23 November 2000).


231 404 SCRA 211 (18 June 2003).
232 362 SCRA 389 (9 August 2001).
233 545 SCRA 432 (15 February 2008).
234 482 SCRA 396 (13 February 2006).
235 221 SCRA 52 (6 April 1993).
236 45 N.Y. 2d 589 (1978).
237 766 SCRA 1 (11 August 2015).
238 347 SCRA 510 (8 December 2000).
239 523 SCRA 136 (11 May 2007).
28

Cruz, Jr. vs. People240

Sec. 11. Suspension of Arraignment

PERIOD OF SUSPENSION

Aguinaldo vs. Ventus241


Samson vs. Daway242
ABS-CBN Corporation vs. Gozon243
Heirs of Antonio Feraren vs. Court of Appeals (Former 12th Division)244

Additional Reading/s:

Fortaleza vs. Gonzalez, 782 SCRA 504 (1 February 2016), [Sec. 11(c), Rule
116]

Ibañez vs. People, 782 SCRA 291 (27 January 2016), [Sec. 6 & 7, Rule 116]

Rule 117. Motion to Quash

Sec. 1. Time to move to quash

240 233 SCRA 439 (27 June 1994).


241 752 SCRA 461 (11 March 2015).
242 434 SCRA 612 (21 July 2004).
243 753 SCRA 1 (11 March 2015).
244 658 SCRA 569 (5 October 2011).
29

MOTION TO QUASH, EXPLAINED

Sec. 2. Form and contents

CONTENTS OF A MOTION TO QUASH

People vs. De la Rosa245


People vs. Navarro and Atienza246
Garcia vs. Court of Appeals247
Poblete vs. Sandoval248

Sec. 3. Grounds

GROUNDS FOR MOTION TO QUASH

FACTS CHARGED DO NOT CONSTITUTE AN OFFENSE

Lazarte, Jr. vs. Sandiganbayan (First Division)249

COURT HAS NO JURISDICTION OVER THE OFFENSE CHARGED

Uy vs. Court of Appeals250

COURT HAS NO JURISDICTION OVER THE PERSON OF THE ACCUSED

Eugenio vs. People251


People vs. Rondero252

OFFICER DO NOT HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO FILE THE INFORMATION

Romualdez vs. Sandiganbayan253

COMPLAINT/INFORMATION DOES NOT CONFORM SUBSTANTIALLY TO THE


PRESCRIBED FORM

Sasot vs. People254


Pecho vs. Sandiganbayan255
People vs. Marquez256
People vs. Desuyo257

INFORMATION CHARGES MORE THAN ONE OFFENSE

Monteverde vs. People258


Soriano vs. People259
Loney vs. People260
People vs. Doriquez261

245 98 SCRA 190 (25 June 1980).


246 75 Phil. 516 (4 December 1945).
247 266 SCRA 678 (27 January 1997).
248 426 SCRA 346 (25 March 2004).
249 581 SCRA 431 (13 March 2009).
250 276 SCRA 367 (28 July 1997).
251 549 SCRA 433 (26 March 2008).
252 320 SCRA 383 (9 December 1999).
253 385 SCRA 436 (30 July 2002).
254 462 SCRA 138 (29 June 2005).
255 238 SCRA 116 (14 November 1994).
256 27 SCRA 808 (28 March 1969).
257 381 SCRA 235 (17 April 2002).
258 387 SCRA 196 (12 August 2002).
259 591 SCRA 244 (30 June 2009).
260 482 SCRA 194, 209 (10 February 2006).
261 24 SCRA 163 (29 July 1968).
30

EXTINGUISHED CRIMINAL ACTION/LIABILITY

Cabico vs. Dimaculangan-Querijero262

AVERMENTS IN THE INFORMATION CONSTITUTES A LEGAL EXCUSE

Poblete vs. Sandoval263

ACCUSED PREVIOUSLY CONVICTED/ ACQUITTED OF THE OFFENSE CHARGED OR THE


CASE AGAINST HIM WAS DISMISSED

Valencia vs. Sandiganbayan264


Ferrer, Jr. vs. Sandiganbayan265
Paredes, Jr. vs. Sandiganbayan, Second Division266
Tan vs. Commission on Elections267
Larin vs. Executive Secretary268

Sec. 4. Amendment of complaint or information

TRIAL COURT’S ORDER TO AMEND INFORMATION

People vs. Bayabos269


People vs. Sandiganbayan (Fourth Division)270

Sec. 5. Effect of sustaining the motion to quash

TRIAL COURT’S ORDER TO FILE A NEW INFORMATION

Gonzales vs. Salvador271

Sec. 6. Order sustaining the motion to quash not a bar to another prosecution; exception

QUASHED INFORMATION, NOT A BAR TO FILING ANOTHER INFORMATION

Romualdez vs. Sandiganbayan272


Cudia vs. Court of Appeals273

Sec. 7. Former conviction or acquittal; double jeopardy

CONCEPT OF DOUBLE JEOPARDY

First Requisite

People vs. Bocar274


Almario vs. Court of Appeals275
Tan vs. People276
People vs. Tampal277

262 522 SCRA 300 (27 April 2007).


263 426 SCRA 346 (25 March 2004).
264 433 SCRA 88 (29 June 2004).
265 548 SCRA 460 (14 March 2008).
266 252 SCRA 641 (31 January 1996).
267 237 SCRA 353 (4 October 1994).
268 280 SCRA 713 (16 October 1997).
269 750 SCRA 677 (18 February 2015).
270 770 SCRA 162 (9 September 2015).
271 509 SCRA 520 (5 December 2006).
272 385 SCRA 436 (30 July 2002).
273 284 SCRA 173 (16 January 1998).
274 138 SCRA 166 (16 August 1985).
275 355 SCRA 1 (22 March 2001).
276 586 SCRA 139 (21 April 2009).
277 244 SCRA 202 (22 May 1995).
31

People vs. Leviste278

Second Requisite

People vs. Sandiganbayan (2nd Division)279


Galman vs. Sandiganbayan280
People vs. De Leon281

Third Requisite

Suero vs. People282


Ivler vs. Modesto-San Pedro283
People vs. Diaz284

Sec. 8. Provisional dismissal

PROVISIONAL DISMISSAL, EXPLAINED

People vs. Lacson285


Saldariega vs. Panganiban286

DISMISSAL BASED ON A MOTION TO QUASH AND PROVISIONAL DISMISSAL,


DISTINGUISHED

Los Baños vs. Pedro287

WITHDRAWAL OF INFORMATION, NOT TIME-BARRED BY THE LAW ON PROVISIONAL


DISMISSAL

Torres, Jr. vs. Aguinaldo288


Bañares II vs. Balising289

Sec. 9. Failure to move to quash or to allege any ground therefor

FAILURE TO QUASH

Muñoz vs. People290


Tam Wing Tak vs. Makasiar291
People vs. Cunanan292
People vs. Usman293

GROUNDS THAT CANNOT BE WAIVED

Tanchanco, et al. vs. Sandiganbayan294


DENIAL OF A MOTION TO QUASH

Soriano vs. People295

278 255 SCRA 238 (28 March 1996).


279 765 SCRA 321 (5 August 2015).
280 144 SCRA 43 (12 September 1986).
281 754 SCRA 147 (23 March 2015).
282 450 SCRA 350 (31 January 2005).
283 635 SCRA 191 (17 November 2010).
284 94 Phil. 715 (30 March 1954).
285 400 SCRA 267 (1 April 2003).
286 755 SCRA 627 (15 April 2015).
287 586 SCRA 303 (22 April 2009).
288 461 SCRA 599 (28 June 2005).
289 328 SCRA 36 (13 March 2000).
290 548 SCRA 473 (14 March 2008).
291 350 SCRA 475 (29 January 2001).
292 753 SCRA 275 (16 March 2015).
293 749 SCRA 680 (4 February 2015).
294 476 SCRA 202 (25 November 2005).
295 611 SCRA 191 (1 February 2010).
32

Tacas vs. Cariaso296


People vs. Ramos297
Tolentino vs. Paqueo, Jr.298

Additional Reading/s:

Quisay vs. People, 781 SCRA 98 (13 January 2016), [Sec. 3(d), Rule 117 in
relation to Sec. 4, Rule 112]

People vs. Pepino, 779 SCRA 170 (12 January 2016)

Rule 118. Pre-Trial

Sec. 1. Pre-trial; mandatory in criminal cases

296 72 SCRA 527 (31 August 1976).


297 83 SCRA 1 (9 May 1978).
298 523 SCRA 377 (7 June 2007).
33

PRE-TRIAL CONFERENCE, MANDATORY

People vs. Pepito299

Plea Bargaining

Stipulation of Facts

Marking of Evidence

Waiver of Objection to Admissibility of Evidence

Modification of Order of Trial

Sec. 2. Pre-trial agreement

PRE-TRIAL BRIEFS, EXPLAINED

Sec. 3. Non-appearance at pre-trial conference

NON APPEARANCE OF ANY PARTY, NOT A GROUND FOR CASE DISMISSAL

Sec. 4. Pre-trial Order

PRE-TRIAL ORDER, DEFINED

In the Matter of the Alleged Improper Conduct of Sandiganbayan


Associate Justice Anacleto D. Badoy, Jr.300

UNSIGNED PRE-TRIAL ORDER BY THE PARTIES, EFFECT

People vs. Uy301

CONDUCT OF PRE-TRIAL

Rule 119. Trial

Sec. 1. Time to prepare for trial

299413 SCRA 558 (16 October 2003).


300 395 SCRA 231 (16 January 2003).
301 327 SCRA 335 (7 March 2000).
34

TRIAL, DEFINED

Sec. 2. Continuous trial until terminated; postponements

PROMPT RESOLUTION OF CASES

POSTPONEMENTS

Estrada vs. Desierto302

REMEDY OF THE ACCUSED

Esmeña vs. Pogoy303

EXCEPTION TO THE TIME LIMITATION FOR TRIAL

ARCHIVE OF CRIMINAL CASES

Sec. 3. Exclusions

JUSTIFIABLE DELAYS

Domondon vs. Sandiganbayan304


Alvizo vs. Sandiganbayan305
Santiago vs. Sandiganbayan306
Cadalin vs. POEA’s Administrator307

Sec. 4. Factors for granting continuance

GRANT OF A REASONABLE CONTINUANCE

Jacob vs. Sandiganbayan Fourth Division308


Corpuz vs. Sandiganbayan309

Sec. 5. Time limit following an order for new trial

TIME LIMIT FOR NEW TRIAL

Sec. 6. Extended time limit

ADMINISTRATIVE CIRCULAR NO. 4 AND CIRCULAR NO. 1-89

Matias vs. Plan310

Sec. 7. Public attorney's duties where accused is imprisoned

PRESENCE OF THE PRISONER FOR TRIAL

Sec. 8. Sanctions

DUTY OF JUDICIAL OFFICERS

302 356 SCRA 108 (3 April 2001).


303 102 SCRA 861 (20 February 1981).
304 476 SCRA 496 (29 November 2005).
305 220 SCRA 55 (17 March 1993).
306 356 SCRA 636 (18 April 2001).
307 238 SCRA 721 (5 December 1994).
308 635 SCRA 94 (17 November 2010).
309 442 SCRA 294 (11 November 2004).
310 293 SCRA 532 (3 August 1998).
35

REMEDY OF THE ACCUSED

Caballes vs. Court of Appeals311

Sec. 9. Remedy where accused is not brought to trial within the time limit

DISMISSAL OF CASE DUE TO DELAY

Olbes vs. Buemio312


Lumanlaw vs. Peralta313
Conde vs. Rivera and Unson314

Sec. 10. Law on speedy trial not a bar to provision on speedy trial in the Constitution

LAW ON SPEEDY TRIAL VIS-À-VIS CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT TO SPEEDY TRIAL

People vs. Leviste315


Caballero vs. Alfonso, Jr.316
Cervantes vs. Sandiganbayan317
Licaros vs. Sandiganbayan318

Sec. 11. Order of trial

PRESENTATION OF EVIDENCE BY THE PROSECUTION

Boac vs. People319

PRESENTATION OF EVIDENCE BY THE DEFENSE

REBUTTAL EVIDENCE

United States vs. Alviar320

SURREBUTTAL EVIDENCE

ORAL ARGUMENT

SUBMISSION OF MEMORANDA

MODIFIED ORDER OF TRIAL

Sec. 12. Application for examination of witness for accused before trial

APPLICATION FOR THE CONDITIONAL EXAMINATION OF THE WITNESSES FOR THE


ACCUSED

Sec. 13. Examination of defense witness; how made

DEPOSITION

311 452 SCRA 312 (23 February 2005).


312 607 SCRA 336 (4 December 2009).
313 482 SCRA 396, 409 (13 February 2006).
314 45 SCRA 650 (25 January 1924).
315 255 SCRA 238 (28 March 1996), citing People vs. Tampal, 244 SCRA 202 (22 May 1995).
316 153 SCRA 153 (21 August 1987).
317 307 SCRA 149 (18 May 1999).
318 370 SCRA 394 (22 November 2001).
319 570 SCRA 533 (7 November 2008).
320 36 Phil. 804 (29 August 1917).
36

People vs. Webb321

Sec. 14. Bail to secure appearance of material witness

POSTING BAIL OF A MATERIAL WITNESS

Seludo vs. Fineza322

Sec. 15. Examination of witness for the prosecution

CONDITIONAL EXAMINATION OF THE WITNESS FOR THE PROSECUTION

Vda. De Manguerra vs. Risos323


Go vs. People324

Sec. 16. Trial of several accused

SEPARATE TRIAL

Joseph vs. Villaluz325


People vs. Oplado326

Sec. 17. Discharge of accused to be state witness

JOINT TRIAL

People vs. Navarro327

MODES TO BECOME A STATE WITNESS

Ampatuan, Jr. vs. De Lima328

Section 17, Rule 119 of the 2000 Rules of Criminal Procedure

People vs. Sunga329


Valerio vs. Court of Appeals330
Flores vs. Sandiganbayan331
People vs. Sunga332

Section 10 of Republic Act No. 6981

Sec. 18. Discharge of accused operates as acquittal

EFFECT OF A DISCHARGED ACCUSED

Monge vs. People333


Sec. 19. When mistake has been made in charging the proper offense

EFFECT AND REMEDY OF MISTAKES IN FILING THE INFORMATION

321 312 SCRA 573 (17 August 1999).


322 416 SCRA 332 (21 November 2003).
323 563 SCRA 499 (28 August 2008).
324 677 SCRA 213 (18 July 2012).
325 89 SCRA 324 (10 April 1979).
326 12 SCRA 147 (30 September 1964).
327 63 SCRA 264 (25 March 1975).
328 695 SCRA 159 (3 April 2013).
329 399 SCRA 624 (27 March 2003).
330 535 SCRA 453 (10 October 2007).
331 124 SCRA 109 (12 August 1983).
332 399 SCRA 624 (27 March 2003).
333 548 SCRA 42 (7 March 2008).
37

Andaya vs. People334


Pacoy vs. Cajigal335

Sec. 20. Appointment of acting prosecutor

DISQUALIFICATION OF A PROSECUTOR

Sesbreño vs. Court of Appeals336

KINDS OF INHIBITION

Compulsory Inhibition

Geotina vs. Gonzalez337

Voluntary Inhibition

Mateo, Jr. vs. Villaluz338

INHIBITIONS AND DISQUALIFICATIONS, NOT ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS

Sec. 21. Exclusion of the public

INSTANCES TO EXCLUDE THE PUBLIC FROM THE COURTROOM

Sec. 22. Consolidation of trials of related offenses

REQUISITES FOR CONSOLIDATION OF CASES

Domdom vs. Third and Fifth Divisions of the Sandiganbayan339

ADVANTAGES OF CONSOLIDATION OF CASES

Querubin vs. Palanca340


Sideco vs. Paredes, et al.341
Philippine Savings Bank vs. Mañalac, Jr.342

DISADVANTAGES OF CONSOLIDATION OF CASES

Dacanay vs. People343


People vs. Sandiganbayan344

Sec. 23. Demurrer to evidence

DEMURRER TO EVIDENCE, EXPLAINED

FILING OF A DEMURRER TO EVIDENCE

Cabador vs. People345

334 493 SCRA 539 (27 June 2006).


335 534 SCRA 338 (28 September 2007).
336 456 SCRA 522 (22 April 2005).
337 41 SCRA 66 (30 September 1971).
338 50 SCRA 18 (31 March 1973).
339 613 SCRA 528 (24 February 2010).
340 141 Phil. 432 (29 November 1969).
341 74 Phil. 6 (23 October 1942).
342 457 SCRA 203 (26 April 2005).
343 240 SCRA 490 (25 January 1995).
344 409 SCRA 419 (21 August 2003).
345 602 SCRA 760, 768 (2 October 2009); See also Reyes vs. Sandiganbayan (4 th Division), 680 SCRA 62 (5 September 2012).
38

Aquino vs. Sison346


Sevilla vs. Quintin347

DEMURRER TO EVIDENCE WITHOUT PRIOR LEAVE OF COURT

People vs. Sayaboc348


People vs. Tolentino349

DEMURRER TO EVIDENCE WITH LEAVE OF COURT

Salazar vs. People350

REVIEW OF THE DENIAL OF A DEMURRER TO EVIDENCE

Tadeo vs. People351


Choa vs. Choa352
People vs. Uy353

Sec. 24. Reopening

REQUIREMENTS FOR REOPENING A CASE

Cabarles vs. Maceda354

Additional Reading/s:

Reyes vs. Ombudsman, G. R. Nos. 212593-94 (15 March 2016), [Sec. 17, Rule
119]

Office of the Court Administrator vs. Ruiz, 782 SCRA 630 (2 February
2016), [Sec. 17, Rule 119](Dissenting Opinion of Justice Lucas P. Bersamin)

Rule 120. Judgment

Sec. 1. Judgment; definition and form

346 179 SCRA 648 (28 November 1989).


347 474 SCRA 10 (25 October 2005).
348 419 SCRA 659 (15 January 2004).
349 546 SCRA 671 (26 February 2008).
350 411 SCRA 598 (23 September 2003).
351 300 SCRA 744 (29 December 1998).
352 392 SCRA 641 (26 November 2002).
353 471 SCRA 668 (30 September 2005).
354 516 SCRA 303 (20 February 2007).
39

FUNDAMENTAL REQUIREMENTS OF A DECISION

People vs. Ferrer355


Yao vs. Court of Appeals356
Madrid vs. Court of Appeals357

PARTS OF A DECISION

Velarde vs. Social Justice Society358

Statement of the Case

Statement of Facts

Issues or Assignment of Errors

The Court’s Ruling

The Disposition or Dispositive Portion

EFFICACY OF A DECISION

Lino Luna vs. Rodriguez and De los Angeles359


Jimenez vs. Republic360
People vs. CFI of Quezon, Br. X361
Villanueva vs. Estenzo362
Ortiz vs. Aramburo363
People vs. So364
People vs. Court of Appeals and Domalaon365
Resayo vs. People366

VERBAL JUDGMENT

Rivera, Jr. vs. People367


Cabarroguis vs. San Diego368
Abay, Sr. vs. Garcia369
Corpuz vs. Sandiganbayan370

Sec. 2. Contents of the judgment

PURPOSE

JUDGMENT OF CONVICTION

355 406 SCRA 658 (18 July 2003).


356 344 SCRA 202 (24 October 2000).
357 332 SCRA 570 (31 May 2000).
358 428 SCRA 283 (28 April 2004).
359 37 Phil. 186 (26 November 1917).
360 22 SCRA 622 (17 February 1968).
361 227 SCRA 457 (29 October 1993).
362 64 SCRA 407 (27 June 1975).
363 8 Phil. 98 (21 March 1907).
364 101 Phil. 1257 (30 July 1957).
365 99 Phil. 786 (28 August 1956).
366 522 SCRA 391 (27 April 2007).
367 189 SCRA 331 (30 August 1990).
368 6 SCRA 866 (30 November 1962).
369 162 SCRA 665 (27 June 1988).
370 442 SCRA 294 (11 November 2004).
40

Reyes vs. Court of Appeals371


People vs. Dumaguing372
Bacolod vs. People373
Tan vs. OMC Carriers, Inc.374

JUDGMENT OF ACQUITTAL

Abellana vs. People375


Manantan vs. Court of Appeals376
Salazar vs. People377
Sanchez vs. Far East Bank and Trust Company378

Sec. 3. Judgment for two or more offenses

JUDGMENT OF CONVICTION OF MANY OFFENSES, ILLUSTRATED

People vs. Matugas379


People vs. De la Torre380
People vs. Nazareno381

Sec. 4. Judgment in case of variance between allegation and proof

VARIANCE DOCTRINE

Sec. 5. When an offense includes or is included in another

VARIANCE DOCTRINE, ILLUSTRATED

Teves vs. Sandiganbayan382

Sec. 6. Promulgation of judgment

PROMULGATION OF JUDGMENT

Presence of the Accused

Absence of the Accused

Pascua vs. Court of Appeals383


People vs. Gioc384
Jaylo vs. Sandiganbayan (First Division)385
People vs. Taruc386

PRESENCE OF COUNSEL FOR THE ACCUSED

Icdang vs. Sandiganbayan (Second Division)387


PERIOD FOR FILING AN APPEAL

371 670 SCRA 148 (18 April 2012).


372 340 SCRA 701 (20 September 2000).
373 701 SCRA 229 (15 July 2013).
374 639 SCRA 471 (12 January 2011).
375 655 SCRA 683 (17 August 2011).
376 350 SCRA 387 (29 January 2001).
377 411 SCRA 598 (23 September 2003).
378 475 SCRA 97 (15 November 2005).
379 377 SCRA 434 (20 February 2002).
380 419 SCRA 18 (13 January 2004).
381 551 SCRA 16 (9 April 2008).
382 447 SCRA 309 (17 December 2004).
383 348 SCRA 197 (14 December 2000).
384 73 Phil 366 (31 October 1941).
385 746 SCRA 452 (21 January 2015).
386 579 SCRA 682 (18 February 2009).
387 664 SCRA 253 (25 January 2012).
41

Yu vs. Tatad388
Neypes vs. Court of Appeals389
Sanchez vs. Far East Bank and Trust Company390
Landicho vs. Tan391
People vs. Tamani392
People vs. Ursua393
Neplum, Inc. vs. Orbeso394

Sec. 7. Modification of judgment

FINALITY OF JUDGMENT

Non-Filing of an Appeal

Ramirez vs. People395

Partial or Total Service of Sentence

Express Waiver of the Right to Appeal

Macali vs. Revilla and Ocampo396


Lanestosa and Lames vs. Santamaria397

Application for Probation

Philippine Rabbit Bus Lines, Inc. vs. People398

MODIFICATION OF JUDGMENT OF CONVICTION

People vs. Viernes399


Potot vs. People400

Sec. 8. Entry of judgment

PREMATURE ENTRY OF JUDGMENT

People vs. Chavez401

Sec. 9. Existing provisions governing suspension of sentence, probation and parole not
affected by this Rule

PROVISIONS OF LAWS NOT AFFECTED BY RULE 120

SENTENCE AND SUSPENDED SENTENCE, DEFINED

Villanueva vs. CFI of Oriental Mindoro402


PAROLE, EXPLAINED

388 642 SCRA 421 (9 February 2011).


389 469 SCRA 633 (14 September 2005).
390 475 SCRA 97 (15 November 2005).
391 87 Phil. 601 (16 November 1950).
392 55 SCRA 153 (21 January 1974).
393 60 Phil. 252 (1 August 1934).
394 384 SCRA 466 (11 July 2002).
395 706 SCRA 667 (2 October 2013).
396 48 Phil. 751 (18 February 1926).
397 52 Phil. 67 (13 September 1928).
398 427 SCRA 456 (14 April 2004).
399 372 SCRA 231 (13 December 2001).
400 383 SCRA 449 (26 June 2002).
401 358 SCRA 810 (19 June 2001).
402 119 SCRA 288 (15 December 1982).
42

People vs. Abesamis403

PROBATION, EXPLAINED

Heirs of the Late Francisco Abueg vs. Court of Appeals404


Padua vs. People405

Rule 121. New Trial or Reconsideration

403 531 SCRA 300 (28 August 2007).


404 219 SCRA 78 (17 February 1993).
405 559 SCRA 519 (23 July 2008).
43

Sec. 1. New trial or reconsideration

TIME TO FILE A MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL OR RECONSIDERATION

Tejano, Jr. vs. Sandiganbayan406


Neypes vs. Court of Appeals407
Custodio vs. Sandiganbayan408
Tadeja vs. People409
People vs. Licayan410

MOTION TO REOPEN TRIAL AND MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL DISTINGUISHED

Alegre vs. Reyes411

NATURE OF REOPENING TRIAL

United States vs. Vizquera, et al.412


Lopez vs. Liboro413

Sec. 2. Grounds for a new trial

ERROR/MISTAKE OF COUNSEL, NOT A GROUND FOR A NEW TRIAL

People vs. Remudo414


Briones vs. People415
People vs. Mercado416

NEWLY DISCOVERED EVIDENCE, GROUND FOR A NEW TRIAL

Berry vs. State of Georgia417


Cabarlo vs. People418

LIBERAL APPLICATION, WHEN PROPER

People vs. Cabodoc419


Espino vs. People420
Cano vs. People421
Ginete vs. Court of Appeals422

DENIAL OF A MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, REMEDY

Casalla vs. People423


Rivera vs. Court of Appeals424
Callangan vs. People425
Sec. 3. Ground for reconsideration

406 584 SCRA 191 (7 April 2009).


407 469 SCRA 633 (14 September 2005).
408 453 SCRA 24 (8 March 2005).
409 691 SCRA 252 (20 February 2013).
410 363 SCRA 234 (15 August 2001).
411 161 SCRA 226 (9 May 1988).
412 4 Phil. 380 (5 April 1905).
413 81 Phil. 429 (27 August 1948).
414 364 SCRA 61 (30 August 2001).
415 588 SCRA 362 (5 June 2009).
416 397 SCRA 746 (19 February 2003).
417 10 Ga. 511 (1851), as cited in Custodio vs. Sandiganbayan, 453 SCRA 24, 34 (8 March 2005).
418 507 SCRA 236 (16 November 2006).
419 263 SCRA 187 (15 October 1996).
420 Estino vs. People, 584 SCRA 304 (7 April 2009).
421 413 SCRA 92 (7 October 2003).
422 296 SCRA 38 (24 September 1998).
423 391 SCRA 344 (29 October 2002).
424 405 SCRA 61 (26 June 2003).
425 493 SCRA 269 (27 June 2006).
44

MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION, WHEN EQUIVALENT TO A MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL

People vs. Tamayo426


People vs. Romero427

Sec. 4. Form of motion and notice to the prosecutor

AFFIDAVIT OF MERIT, WHEN NECESSARY

Balanay vs. Sandiganbayan428

Sec. 5. Hearing on motion

PURPOSE OF HEARING ON THE MOTION

People vs. Fitzgerald429


People vs. Avelino de Linao430

MANDOTORY PROCEDURE IN FILING A MOTION

Sec. 6. Effects of granting a new trial or reconsideration

INTEREST OF JUSTICE, DETERMINES THE GRANTING OF THE MOTION

People vs. Almendras431


People vs. Amparado432
Cuenca vs. Court of Appeals433

EFFECT OF GRANTING THE MOTION

United States vs. Ayres,434


People vs. Borjal,435
United States vs. Tan436
People vs. Ebias437

Additional Reading/s:

Senit vs. People, 778 SCRA 425 (11 January 2016), [Secs. 2(a) and 2(b), Rule
121]

Rule 122. Appeal

426 86 Phil. 209 (25 April 1950).


427 89 Phil. 672 (31 July 1951).
428 344 SCRA 1 (20 October 2000).
429 505 SCRA 573 (27 October 2006).
430 58 Phil. 116 (14 March 1933).
431 401 SCRA 555 (24 April 2003).
432 156 SCRA 712 (21 December 1987).
433 250 SCRA 485 (1 December 1995).
434 9 Wall. 609, 610; 19 Law. ed., 627.
435 58 Phil. 172 (28 March 1933).
436 4 Phil. 625 (29 July 1905).
437 342 SCRA 675 (12 October 2000).
45

Sec. 1. Who may appeal

REPRESENTATIVE OF THE PEOPLE

Fenequito vs. Vergara, Jr.438

APPEAL, EXPLAINED

Macayan, Jr. vs. People439


People vs. Esteban440

Sec. 2. Where to appeal

HIERARCHY OF COURTS ON APPEAL

People vs. Court of Appeals441


Cabarles vs. Maceda442

Sec. 3. How appeal taken

MODE OF APPEAL

Ysidoro vs. Leonardo-De Castro443

Ordinary Appeal

People vs. Nazareno444

Review under Rule 42

Review on Certiorari under Rule 45

Olarte vs. People445


Batistis vs. People446
Neplum, Inc. vs. Orbeso447

Review under Rule 65

People vs. De Grano448

INAPPROPRIATE MODE OF APPEAL

Melencion vs. Sandiganbayan449


Atlas Consolidated Mining and Development Corporation vs. Court of
Appeals450
Philippine National Bank vs. Court of Appeals451
Moll vs. Buban452
VERIFICATION AND CERTIFICATION OF NON-FORUM SHOPPING

438 677 SCRA 113 (18 July 2012).


439 753 SCRA 445 (18 March 2015).
440 725 SCRA 517 (9 June 2014).
441 301 SCRA 566 (21 January 1999).
442 516 SCRA 303 (20 February 2007).
443 665 SCRA 1 (6 February 2012).
444 595 SCRA 438 (5 August 2009).
445 761 SCRA 576 (6 July 2015).
446 608 SCRA 335 (16 December 2009).
447 384 SCRA 466 (11 July 2002).
448 588 SCRA 550 (5 June 2009).
449 554 SCRA 345 (12 June 2008).
450 201 SCRA 51 (21 August 1991).
451 337 SCRA 381 (8 August 2000).
452 388 SCRA 63 (27 August 2002).
46

Torres vs. Specialized Packaging Development Corporation453


Ortiz vs. Court of Appeals454
Donato vs. Court of Appeals455
Wee vs. Galvez456
Sy Chin vs. Court of Appeals457
Bank of the Philippine Islands vs. Court of Appeals458
City Warden of the Manila City Jail vs. Estrella459

Sec. 4. Service of notice of appeal

MODES OF SERVICE

Personal Service

Service by Mail

Substituted Service

PROOF OF SERVICE

Domingo vs. De Leon460

COMPLETENESS OF SERVICE

Aldecoa vs. Arellano461


Hernandez vs. Navarro462
Johnson & Johnson (Phils.) Inc. vs. Court of Appeals463

Sec. 5. Waiver of notice

FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THE REQUIREMENT OF SERVICE OF NOTICE OF APPEAL

Go vs. Court of Appeals464


Moll vs. Buban465
Cojuangco, Jr. vs. Court of Appeals466

Sec. 6. When appeal to be taken

THE “FRESH PERIOD” RULE

Neypes vs. Court of Appeals467


Rodriguez vs. People468
Yu vs. Tatad469
Manila Memorial Park Cemetery, Inc. vs. Court of Appeals470

Retroactive Application

453 433 SCRA 455 (6 July 2004).


454 299 SCRA 708 (4 December 1998).
455 417 SCRA 216 (8 December 2003).
456 436 SCRA 96 (11 August 2004).
457 345 SCRA 673 (23 November 2000).
458 402 SCRA 449 (30 April 2003).
459 364 SCRA 257 (31 August 2001).
460 3 SCRA 586 (29 November 1961).
461 3 SCRA 82 (19 September 1961).
462 48 SCRA 44 (24 November 1972).
463 201 SCRA 768 (24 September 1991).
464 531 SCRA 158 (24 August 2007).
465 388 SCRA 63 (27 August 2002).
466 309 SCRA 602 (2 July 1999).
467 469 SCRA 633 (14 September 2005).
468 684 SCRA 580 (24 October 2012).
469 642 SCRA 421 (9 February 2011).
470 344 SCRA 769 (15 November 2000).
47

De los Santos vs. Vda. de Mangubat471


Fil-Estate Properties, Inc. vs. Homena-Valencia472
Suico Industrial Corp. vs. Lagura-Yap473

PERIOD TO APPEAL IN THE SANDIGANBAYAN

PERIOD TO APPEAL BY THE OFFENDED PARTY

Neplum, Inc. vs. Orbeso474


People vs. Santiago475

Sec. 7. Transcribing and filing notes of stenographic reporter upon appeal

DUTY OF STENOGRAPHER

Ongkiko, Kalaw, Dizon, Panga & Velasco Law Offices, et al. vs. Sangil-
Makasiar476

STENOGRAPHIC FEES

Opeña vs. Luna477

Sec. 8. Transmission of papers to appellate court upon appeal

TRANSMISSION OF THE COMPLETE RECORD OF THE CASE TO THE APPELLATE COURT

Fonghe vs. Bajarias-Cartilla478


Villanueva vs. Pollentes479
Santos vs. Lorenzo480

Sec. 9. Appeal to the Regional Trial Courts

LITIGANT’S RESPONSIBILITY TO MONITOR THE STATUS OF HIS CASE

Bejarasco, Jr. vs. People481

Sec. 10. Transmission of records in case of death penalty

AUTOMATIC REVIEW BY THE COURT OF APPEALS

People vs. Mateo482

IMPOSITION OF DEATH PENALTY, PROHIBITED

People vs. Salome483

Sec. 11. Effect of appeal by any of several accused

471 535 SCRA 411 (10 October 2007).


472 555 SCRA 345 (25 June 2008).
473 680 SCRA 145 (5 September 2012).
474 384 SCRA 466 (11 July 2002).
475 174 SCRA 143 (20 June 1989).
476 256 SCRA 29 (2 April 1996).
477 478 SCRA 153 (16 December 2005).
478 A.M. No. P-05-1987 (10 February 2006).
479 247 SCRA 24 (3 August 1995).
480 387 SCRA 406 (20 August 2002).
481 641 SCRA 328 (2 February 2011).
482 433 SCRA 640 (7 July 2004).
483 500 SCRA 659 (31 August 2006).
48

EFFECT OF FAVORABLE JUDGMENT TO CO-ACCUSED WHO DID NOT JOIN THE APPEAL

People vs. Olivo484


People vs. Escaño485
Olalia, Jr. vs. People486
People vs. Arondain487
People vs. Malibiran488

APPEAL OF THE OFFENDED PARTY FROM THE CIVIL ASPECT

Hun Hyung Park vs. Eung Won Choi489


Salazar vs. People490

STAY OF EXECUTION

Lubrica vs. People491

Sec. 12. Withdrawal of appeal

APPELATE COURT’S DISCRETION TO GRANT WITHDRAWAL OF APPEAL

Teodoro vs. Court of Appeals492

Sec. 13. Appointment of counsel de officio for accused on appeal

COUNSEL DE OFICIO OF ACCUSED ON APPEAL

People vs. Rio493

Additional Reading/s:

People vs. Dimaano, 783 SCRA 449 (10 February 2016), [Sec. 3(c), Rule 122]

Rule 123. Procedure in the Municipal Trial Courts

484 594 SCRA 77 (27 July 2009).


485 349 SCRA 674 (19 January 2001).
486 562 SCRA 723 (20 August 2008).
487 366 SCRA 98 (27 September 2001).
488 586 SCRA 668 (24 April 2009).
489 515 SCRA 502 (12 February 2007).
490 411 SCRA 598 (23 September 2003).
491 516 SCRA 674 (26 February 2007).
492 258 SCRA 603 (11 July 1996).
493 201 SCRA 702 (24 September 1991).
49

Sec. 1. Uniform Procedure

RULE ON SUMMARY PROCEDURE, DEFINED

Caliwan vs. Ocampo494

CRIMINAL CASES COVERED

Raymundo vs. Andoy495


Bontuyan vs. Villarin496

Rule 124. Procedure in the Court Of Appeals

494 579 SCRA 500 (13 February 2009).


495 632 SCRA 218 (6 October 2010).
496 388 SCRA 11 (26 August 2002).
50

Sec. 1. Title of the case

TITLE OF APPEALED CASES

COUNSEL FOR THE STATE

Salazar vs. Romaquin497


Labaro vs. Panay498
People vs. Sandiganbayan, First Division & Third Division499

Sec. 2. Appointment of counsel de oficio for the accused

NECESSITY OF A COUNSEL IN APPEALED CASES

Hilario vs. People500


Telan vs. Court of Appeals501

Sec. 3. When brief for appellant to be filed

PERIOD TO FILE APPELLANT’S BRIEF


Vina vs. Court of Appeals502
Sec. 4. When brief for appellee to be filed; reply brief of the appellant

PROOF OF SERVICE, VITAL

Sec. 5. Extension of time for filing briefs

PERIOD OF EXTENSION TO FILE BRIEF

Sec. 6. Form of briefs

MODE OF PRODUCING COPIES OF BRIEFS

Sec. 7. Contents of brief

FORMAT OF BRIEF

De Liano vs. Court of Appeals503

Subject Index

Assignment of Errors

Statement of the Case and Statement of Facts

Statement of Issues

Arguments

Statement of Reliefs

Del Rosario vs. Court of Appeals504

497429 SCRA 41 (21 May 2004).


498299 SCRA 714 (4 December 1998).
499 712 SCRA 359 (11 December 2013).
500 551 SCRA 191 (14 April 2008).
501 202 SCRA 534 (4 October 1991).
502 Minute Resolution (Third Division), G.R. No. 132936 (17 February 2003).
503 370 SCRA 349 (22 November 2001).
504 241 SCRA 553 (22 February 1995).
51

People vs. Marong505

Sec. 8. Dismissal of appeal for abandonment or failure to prosecute

FAILURE TO FILE APPELLANT'S BRIEF

Dimarucot vs. People506

Defense for Failure to File Brief

People vs. Bitanga507


Pascual vs. People508
Tamayo vs. Court of Appeals509

EXCEPTION IN THE DISMISSAL OF APPEAL FOR FAILURE TO FILE APPELLANT’S BRIEF

Cruz vs. Court of Appeals510


Masas vs. People511
De Guzman vs. People512

ABANDONMENT OF APPELLANT

Alva vs. Court of Appeals513


People vs. Gioc514

EXCEPTION IN THE DISMISSAL OF APPEAL DUE TO ABANDONMENT OF APPELLANT

People vs. Esparas515


People vs. Taruc516
People vs. Saliling517
People vs. Buynay518
People vs. Maderas519

Sec. 9. Prompt disposition of appeals

HEARING OF THE APPEAL

Sycip vs. Court of Appeals520

Sec.10. Judgment not to be reversed or modified except for substantial error

SUBSTANTIAL ERROR, EXCEPTION TO THE PROHIBITION OF REVERSAL AND


MODIFICATION OF JUDGEMENT

People vs. Abellera521


People vs. Orfida522

505 People vs. Marong, 119 SCRA 430 (27 December 1982).
506 630 SCRA 659 (20 September 2010).
507 525 SCRA 623 (26 June 2007); Apex Mining, Inc. vs. Court of Appeals, 319 SCRA 456 (29 November 1999); Salonga vs. Court
of Appeals, 269 SCRA 534 (13 March 1997); Legarda vs. Court of Appeals, 195 SCRA 418 (18 March 1991).
508 588 SCRA 458 (5 June 2009).
509 423 SCRA 175 (17 February 2004).
510 322 SCRA 518 (19 January 2000).
511 541 SCRA 280 (19 December 2007).
512 518 SCRA 767 (22 March 2007).
513 487 SCRA 146 (12 April 2006).
514 73 Phil. 366 (31 October 1941).
515 260 SCRA 539 (20 August 1996).
516 579 SCRA 682 (18 February 2009).
517 69 SCRA 427 (27 February 1976).
518 128 SCRA 31 (5 March 1984); see also People vs. Vallente, 144 SCRA 495 (30 September 1986).
519 350 SCRA 504 (29 January 2001).
520 134 SCRA 317 (31 January 1985).
521 69 Phil. 623 (24 February 1940).
522 69 Phil. 646 (27 February 1940).
52

Kepner vs. United States523

Sec. 11. Scope of judgment

RATIONALE

Lontoc vs. People524


United States vs. Abijan525
People vs. Olfindo526
Geroche vs. People527

Sec. 12. Power to receive evidence

RECEPTION OF EVIDENCE

Maralit vs. Philippine National Bank528

Sec. 13. Certification or appeal of case to the Supreme Court

CHANGES IN THE RULES ON APPEAL

People vs. Abon529


People vs. Mateo530

Sec. 14. Motion for new trial

FILING OF MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL

Dinglasan, Jr. vs. Court of Appeals531


Baylosis, Sr. vs. People532
Jose vs. Court of Appeals533

Sec. 15. Where new trial conducted

CONDUCT OF NEW TRIAL

People vs. Fitzgerald534

Sec. 16. Reconsideration

EFFECT OF BELATED FILING OF MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION

Villanueva vs. People535


People vs. Sesbreño536
Gamboa vs. Cruz537
People vs. Hernandez538
People vs. Ravelo539

523 195 U. S.,100; 11 Phil. Rep., 669.


524 74 Phil. 513 (29 December 1943).
525 1 Phil. 83 (7 January 1902).
526 47 Phil. 1 (10 December 1924).
527 742 SCRA 514 (26 November 2014).
528 596 SCRA 662 (24 August 2009).
529 545 SCRA 606 (15 February 2008).
530 433 SCRA 640 (7 July 2004).
531 502 SCRA 253 (19 September 2006)
532 530 SCRA 32 (14 August 2007).
533 70 SCRA 257 (31 March 1976).
534 505 SCRA 573 (27 October 2006).
535 330 SCRA 695 (12 April 2000).
536 314 SCRA 87 (9 September 1999).
537 162 SCRA 642 (27 June 1988).
538 260 SCRA 25 (30 July 1996).
539 202 SCRA 655 (15 October 1991).
53

SECOND MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION

MOTION FOR EXTENSION OF TIME TO FILE MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION, NOT


ALLOWED

Amatorio vs. People540


Habaluyas Enterprises, Inc. vs. Japson541

Sec. 17. Judgment transmitted and filed in trial court

PROMULGATION OF JUDGMENT

Almuete vs. People542


People vs. Sumilang543

Sec. 18. Application of certain rules in civil procedure to criminal cases

PERTINENT RULES IN CIVIL PROCEDURE APLLICABLE TO CRIMINAL CASES

RULE 47, NO SUPPLETORY APPLICATION IN CRIMINAL CASES

People vs. Bitanga544


Macalalag vs. Ombudsman545

Additional Reading/s:

Dela Cruz vs. People, 779 SCRA 34 (11 January 2016), [Sec. 13, Rule 124]

Rule 125. Procedure in the Supreme Court

540 397 SCRA 445 (14 February 2003).


541 142 SCRA 208 (30 May 1986).
542 693 SCRA 167 (12 March 2013).
543 77 Phil. 764 (18 December 1946).
544 525 SCRA 623 (26 June 2007).
545 424 SCRA 741 (4 March 2004).
54

Sec. 1. Uniform procedure

GRANTING NEW TRIAL, AN EXCEPTION TO THE UNIFORMITY OF PROCEDURE

People vs. Taruc546


People vs. Mapalao547
People vs. Fitzgerald548

Sec. 2. Review of decisions of the Court of Appeals

APPEAL BY CERTIORARI TO THE SUPREME COURT

DISTINGUISHED FROM THE SPECIAL CIVIL ACTION OF CERTIORARI

MODE OF APPEAL IN CRIMINAL CASES WHERE DEATH, RECLUSION PERPETUA OR LIFE


IMPRISONMENT WAS THE PENALTY IMPOSED

United States vs. Laguna549


People vs. Rocha550
People vs. Mateo551

Sec. 3. Decision if opinion is equally divided

NO MAJORITY VOTE FOR AN EN BANC DECISION, EFFECT

People vs. Fernandez552

Rule 126. Search and Seizure

546579 SCRA 682 (18 February 2009).


547197 SCRA 79 (14 May 1991).
548 505 SCRA 573 (27 October 2006).
549 17 Phil. 533 (20 December 1910).
550 531 SCRA 761 (31 August 2007).
551 433 SCRA 640 (07 July 2004).
552 111 SCRA 100 (27 January 1982).
55

Sec. 1. Search warrant defined

SEARCH WARRANT, EXPLAINED

Te vs. Breva553

JURISDICTION OF THE ISSUING COURT

Securities and Exchange Commission vs. Mendoza554


Santos vs. Pryce Gases, Inc.555

Sec. 2. Court where application for search warrant shall be filed

VENUE FOR SEARCH WARRANT APPLICATION

Malaloan vs. Court of Appeals556


People vs. Chiu557
Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. vs. Supergreen, Incorporated558

EXCEPTION TO SECTION 2 OF RULE 126

People vs. Castillo, Jr.559

Sec. 3. Personal property to be seized

GENERAL RULE: ONLY PERSONAL PROPERTIES DESCRIBED IN THE SEARCH WARRANT


MAY BE SEIZED BY THE AUTHORITIES

People vs. Nuñez560


Tambasen vs. People561

EXCEPTION TO THE GENERAL RULE

Search of Moving Vehicles

People vs. Case562

Seizure in Plain View

People vs. Chi Chan Liu563


People vs. Doria564
People vs. Salanguit565
People vs. Musa566
People vs. Go567

Customs Searches

Waiver or Consented Searches

553 765 SCRA 40 (5 August 2015).


554 670 SCRA 325 (23 April 2012).
555 538 SCRA 474 (23 November 2007).
556 232 SCRA 249 (6 May 1994).
557 424 SCRA 72 (27 February 2004).
558 518 SCRA 750 (22 March 2007).
559 G.R. No. 204419 (7 November 2016).
560 591 SCRA 394 (30 June 2009).
561 246 SCRA 184 (14 July 1995).
562 320 Mich., 379, 190 N.W., 389, 27 A.L.R., 686.
563 746 SCRA 476 (21 January 2015).
564 301 SCRA 668 (22 January 1999).
565 356 SCRA 683 (19 April 2001).
566 217 SCRA 597 (27 January 1993).
567 411 SCRA 81 (12 September 2003).
56

Caballes vs. Court of Appeals568


People vs. Tudtud569
People vs. Lacerna570
People vs. Asis571

Stop and Frisk Situations (Terry Search)

Posadas vs. Court of Appeals572


Manalili vs. Court of Appeals573
People vs. Solayao574

Search Incident to Lawful Arrest

People vs. Agulay575

Exigent and Emergency Circumstances

People vs. Canton576


People vs. Johnson577

Sec. 4. Requisites for issuing search warrant

REQUISITES FOR A VALID SEARCH WARRANT

EXISTENCE OF PROBABLE CAUSE

La Chemise Lacoste, S.A. vs. Fernandez578


Hon Ne Chan vs. Honda Motor Co., Ltd.579
Coca-Cola Bottlers, Phils., Inc. (CCBPI) vs. Gomez580

ONE SPECIFIC OFFENSE FOR A SEARCH WARRANT

Vallejo vs. Court of Appeals581


Stonehill vs. Diokno582

PARTICULARITY OF THE PLACE TO BE SEARCHED AND THE THINGS TO BE SEIZED

Kho vs. Makalintal583


People vs. Tee584

Name of the Owner/Occupant of the Property to be Searched, Not Material

Uy vs. Bureau of Internal Revenue585


Quelnan vs. People586

568 373 SCRA 221 (15 January 2002).


569 412 SCRA 142 (26 September 2003).
570 278 SCRA 561 (5 September 1997).
571 391 SCRA 108 (15 October 2002).
572 188 SCRA 288 (2 August 1990).
573 280 SCRA 400 (9 October 1997).
574 262 SCRA 255 (20 September 1996).
575 566 SCRA 571 (26 September 2008).
576 394 SCRA 478 (27 December 2002).
577 348 SCRA 526 (18 December 2000).
578 129 SCRA 373 (21 May 1984).
579 541 SCRA 249 (19 December 2007).
580 571 SCRA 18 (14 November 2008).
581 427 SCRA 658 (14 April 2004).
582 20 SCRA 383 (19 June 1967).
583 306 SCRA 70 (21 April 1999).
584 395 SCRA 419 (20 January 2003).
585 344 SCRA 36 (20 October 2000).
586 526 SCRA 653 (6 July 2007).
57

People vs. Lagman587

Sec. 5. Examination of complainant; record

SUPREMACY OF CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT OVER TECHNICAL RULES OF POCEDURE

Ogayon vs. People588


People vs. Tee589

PERSONAL EXAMINATION BY THE JUDGE

Balayon, Jr. vs. Dinopol590

Sec. 6. Issuance and form of search warrant

APPLICATION FOR SEARCH WARRANT, FORM

CONTENTS OF A SEARCH WARRANT

People vs. Salanguit591


Aday vs. Superior Court592
Olaes vs. People593
People vs. Dichoso594
Prudente vs. Dayrit595
People vs. Posada596

Sec. 7. Right to break door or window to effect search

KNOCK AND ANNOUNCE PRINCIPLE

Gouled vs. The United States597

UNANNOUNCED INTRUSION

Richards vs. Wisconsin598

“BREAKING”, EXPLAINED

Benefield vs. State of Florida599


People vs. Huang Zhen Hua600
Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. vs. Bright Future Technologies, Inc.601
People vs. Go602
People vs. Salanguit603
People vs. Ladjaalam604

587 573 SCRA 224 (8 December 2008).


588 768 SCRA 670 (2 September 2015).
589 395 SCRA 419 (20 January 2003).
590 490 SCRA 547 (15 June 2006).
591 356 SCRA 683 (19 April 2001).
592 55 Cal. 2d 789, 13 Cal. Rptr. 415, 362 P. 2d 47 (1961).
593 155 SCRA 486 (9 November 1987).
594 223 SCRA 174 (4 June 1993).
595 180 SCRA 69 (14 December 1989).
596 769 SCRA 1 (2 September 2015).
597 65 L. Ed. 647 (1921).
598 137 L. Ed. 2d 615 (1997).
599 160 so. 2d 706 (1964).
600 439 SCRA 350 (29 September 2004).
601 516 SCRA 62 (15 February 2007).
602 411 SCRA 81 (12 September 2003).
603 356 SCRA 683 (19 April 2001).
604 340 SCRA 617 (19 September 2000).
58

Sec. 8. Search of house, room, or premises to be made in presence of two witnesses

THE TWO-WITNESS RULE

Panuncio vs. People605


Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. vs. Bright Future Technologies, Inc.606
People vs. Go607
People vs. Del Rosario608

Sec. 9. Time of making search

SEARCH AT ANY TIME OF THE DAY OR NIGHT

People vs. Legaspi609

Sec. 10. Validity of search warrant

IMPLEMENTATION OF SEARCH WARRANT, ANY TIME WITHIN ITS 10-DAY LIFETIME

EXTENSION OF VALIDITY OF SEARCH WARRANT, NOT ALLOWED

Lacadin vs. Mangino610

Sec. 11. Receipt for the property seized

NECESSITY OF A DETAILED RECEIPT OF THE PROPERTY SEIZED

Asian Surety & Insurance Co., Inc. vs. Herrera611


People vs. Policarpio612
People vs. Go613
People vs. Endaya614

TWO-WITNESS RULE, NOT APPLICABLE IN WARRANTLESS SEARCH

Quinicot vs. People615

Sec. 12. Delivery of property and inventory thereof to court; return and proceedings
thereon

DELIVERY OF SEIZED ITEMS TO THE COURT ISSUING THE SEARCH WARRANT

Betoy, Sr. vs. Coliflores616


Malillin vs. People617
People vs. Court of First Instance of Rizal618

Sec. 13. Search incident to lawful arrest

INCIDENTAL SEARCH, EXPLAINED

605 593 SCRA 180 (17 July 2009).


606 516 SCRA 62 (15 February 2007).
607 411 SCRA 81 (12 September 2003).
608 234 SCRA 246 (20 July 1994).
609 565 SCRA 650 (17 September 2008).
610 405 SCRA 473 (9 July 2003).
611 54 SCRA 312 (20 December 1973).
612 158 SCRA 88 (23 February 1988).
613 411 SCRA 81 (12 September 2003).
614 731 SCRA 1 (23 July 2014).
615 590 SCRA 458 (22 June 2009).
616 483 SCRA 435 (28 February 2006).
617 553 SCRA 619 (30 April 2008).
618 101 SCRA 86 (17 November 1980).
59

People vs. Rom619


People vs. Villareal620

Sec. 14. Motion to quash a search warrant or to suppress evidence; where to file

ISSUING COURT, TO RESOLVE THE MOTION IF NO CRIMINAL ACTION IS FILED IN COURT

Solid Triangle Sales Coronation vs. The Sheriff of RTC QC, Br. 93 621
Vlasons Enterprises Corporation vs. Court of Appeals622
Securities and Exchange Commission vs. Mendoza623
United Laboratories, Inc. vs. Isip624

PROPER PARTY TO SEEK QUASHAL OF A SEARCH WARRANT

Santos vs. Pryce Gases, Inc.625


Stonehill vs. Diokno626

EFFECT OF BELATED OBJECTION TO THE VALIDITY OF A SEARCH WARRANT

People vs. Decierdo627


Ogayon vs. People628
People vs. Bodoso629
Malaloan vs. Court of Appeals630
People vs. Torres631
People vs. Nuñez632

Additional Reading/s:

Petron LPG Dealers Association vs. Ang, 783 SCRA 162 (3 February 2016),
[Sec. 4, Rule 126]

619 717 SCRA 147 (19 February 2014).


620 693 SCRA 549 (18 March 2013).
621 370 SCRA 491 (23 November 2001).
622 155 SCRA 186 (28 October 1987).
623 670 SCRA 325 (23 April 2012).
624 461 SCRA 574 (28 June 2005).
625 538 SCRA 474 (23 November 2007).
626 20 SCRA 383 (19 June 1967).
627 149 SCRA 496 (7 May 1987).
628 768 SCRA 670 (2 September 2015).
629 398 SCRA 642 (5 March 2003).
630 232 SCRA 249 (6 May 1994).
631 501 SCRA 591 (12 September 2006).
632 591 SCRA 394 (30 June 2009).
60

Rule 127. Provisional Remedies in Criminal Cases

Sec. 1. Availability of provisional remedies

GENERAL RULE

EXCEPTION

Borlongan, Jr. vs. Peña633


Domingo vs. Sandiganbayan634

Sec. 2. Attachment

ATTACHMENT, EXPLAINED

ATTACHMENT IN CRIMINAL CASES

Silangan Textile Manufacturing Corporation vs. Demetria635


Hyatt Industrial Manufacturing Corporation vs. Asia Dynamic Electrix
Corporation636

QUASHAL OF ATTACHMENT

DISCHARGE OF ATTACHMENT

Security Pacific Assurance Corporation vs. Tria-Infante637


Philippine British Assurance Co., Inc. vs. Intermediate Appellate Court638
Tijam vs. Sibonghanoy639
Vanguard Assurance Corporation vs. Court of Appeals640
Luzon Steel Coporation vs. Sia641
The Imperial Insurance, Inc. vs. De los Angeles642

SURETYSHIP, EXPLAINED

633 538 SCRA 221 (23 November 2007).


634 322 SCRA 655 (20 January 2000).
635 518 SCRA 160 (12 March 2007).
636 465 SCRA 454 (29 July 2005).
637 468 SCRA 526 (31 August 2005).
638 150 SCRA 520 (29 May 1987).
639 23 SCRA 29 (15 April 1968).
640 64 SCRA 148 (27 May 1975).
641 28 SCRA 58 (15 May 1969) citing Cajefe, etc., et al. vs. Hon. Fernandez, etc., et al., 109 Phil. 743 (19 October 1960).
642 111 SCRA 24, 33 (18 January 1982).