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. (GUIDE TO EVALUATION OF STRENGTH TEST RESULTS OF CONCRETE (AC! 214R-11) 6x 12:in, (150 x 300 mm) eylinders. The control standards are, therefore, applicable to specimens of this size that have been tested at 28 days. These standards may be applicable with minor differences to other cylinder sizes, such as 4 x 8 in. (100 x 200 mm), as recognized in ASTM C31/C31M, ‘The overall and within-batch coefficient of variation for 4.x 8 in, (100 x 200 mm) cylinders was found to be slightly higher compared with 6 x 12 in, (150 x 300 mm) cylinders for the same concrete mixture (Detwiler et al, 2005; ASTM ‘C39/C39M). Therefore, to reduce the variation of test results from 4 x 8 in, (100 x 200 mm cylinders, the average strength of atleast three 4x 8 in, (100 x 200 mm) eylinders should be used to determine compressive stength, as requited by ACI 318. As ameasure of the within-batch error, some international specifiers find averaged pair differences vp to 145 psi (1 MPa) representative of “good” control, and accept differences up to 290 psi (2 MPa) as “acceptable” control (Day 2006). ‘Because the pair differences represent the range of two-cylinder tests, the standard deviations at thee levels can be estinated by