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19. Consider the following features of Indian 22. Which of the following factors are
Peninsular block: responsible for aridity of deserts?
1. It was formed majorly out of ancient 1. Continentality
gneisses and granites. 2. Presence of cold ocean currents along
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2. The Thar desert in the west and Karbi


the coast
Anglong plateau in the east are
3. Position at leeward side of mountains
extensions of it.
4. Location in 'Horse Latitudes'
Which of the statements given above is/are
Select the correct answer using the code
correct?
given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only (a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(c) Both 1 and 2 (b) 1, 2, 3 and 4

(d) Neither 1 nor 2 (c) 2 and 4 only


(d) 3 and 4 only
20. Arrange the following regions in ascending
order of annual rainfall received by them: 23. Arrange the following surface components
1. Khasi Hills of planetary circulation from poles to the
2. Punjab Equator.
3. Jharkhand
1. Horse Latitudes
4. Ladakh
2. Doldrums
Select the correct answer using the code
3. Polar high
given below.
4. Polar front
(a) 4-1-2-3
5. Westerlies
(b) 3-2-1-4
(c) 3-1-2-4 Select the correct answer using the code

(d) 4-2-3-1 given below.


(a) 1-2-3-4-5
21. Consider the following features: (b) 3-4-5-1-2
1. Absence of marked summers and (c) 3-1-2-5-4
winters. (d) 3-2-1-5-4
).

2. Hot and wet throughout the year.


(

3. Nutrient deficient soils.


24. Sargasso Sea is associated with which of the
Which of the following climatic region
following oceans?
posseses above characteristics?
(a) Indian Ocean
(a) British
(b) Antarctic Ocean
(b) Polar
(c) Atlantic Ocean
(c) Equatorial
(d) Pacific Ocean
(d) Mediterranean
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25. With reference to the temperate grasslands, 28. Which of the following regions is also
consider the following statements:
referred to as the "Molassis basin"?
1. The grasslands are more extensive in the
(a) Manipur
northern hemisphere.
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2. The annual precipitation is higher in the (b) Mizoram


grasslands of the southern hemisphere. (c) Nagaland
Which of the statements given above are
(d) Tripura
correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only 29. Which of the following theories is/are
(c) Both 1 and 2 related to the origin of universe?
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
1. Big Bang Theory

26. Which of the following are well-established 2. Hoyle's Steady State Theory
causes of floods in India? 3. The Big Splat Theory
1. Rise of water in the channels and its
Select the correct answer using the code give
spill-over.
2. Storm surge in coastal areas. below.
3. Presence of eroded materials in (a) 1 only
rivers due to higher rate of soil erosion.
(b) 1 and 2 only
Select the correct answer using the code
given below. (c) 2 and 3 only

(a) 1 and 2 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
30. With reference to oozes, consider the
(d) 1, 2 and 3
following statements:

27. "It is a sedimentary rock formed out of 1. They are terrigenous deposits and are
deposits of glaciers. The Gondawana system deposited on the continental shelves.
of sediments from India is known to have
2. They constitute of shelly and skeletal
its counter parts in six different landmasses
of the Southern Hemisphere. It provides remains of marine organisms.
).

unambiguous evidence of palaeoclimates Which of the statements given above is/are


(

and also of drifting of continents."


correct?
Which of the following rocks is best
described in the above passage? (a) 1 only
(a) Pumice (b) 2 only
(b) Tillite
(c) Both 1 and 2
(c) Marble
(d) Quartzite (d) Neither 1 nor 2

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31. With reference to the Solar system, which of 34. With reference to the Laurentian type of
the following statements is/are correct? climate, consider the following statements:
1. All planets orbit around the sun in 1. It has both cold dry winters and warm
counter-clockwise direction. wet summers.
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2. All other planets have density less than 2. It is only found in North America.
3. Its predominant vegetation is cool
that of Earth.
temperate forest.
3. All planets have at least one natural
Which of the statements given above are
satellite.
correct?
Select the correct answer using the code
(a) 1 and 2 only
given below.
(b) 2 and 3 only
(a) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 2 only
(d) 2 and 3 only 35. Consider the following statements with
regard to effects of propagation of
32. Which of the following are the characteristic earthquake waves:
features of extratropical cyclones? 1. Primary waves cause stretching and
1. They have a clear frontal system. squeezing of the material.
2. They cover a large area. 2. Secondary waves create troughs and
3. They move from west to east. crests in the material.
Select the correct answer using the code Which of the statements given above is/ are

given below. correct?


(a) 1 only
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(c) 1 only
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
(d) 1, 2 and 3

36. Which of the following forces affect the


33. ‘Yokohama Strategy and Plan of Action for
velocity and direction of the wind?
a Safer World’ is related to
1. Pressure gradient force
(a) increasing participation of developing
2. Frictional force
).

countries to reduce emission of


(

3. Coriolis force
greenhouse gases. Select the correct answer using the code
(b) denuclearisation of nuclear weapon given below.
states. (a) 1 and 3 only
(c) bringing technologies to clean sea water. (b) 1 and 2 only
(d) mitigate the losses due to natural (c) 2 and 3 only
disasters. (d) 1, 2 and 3

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37. Consider the following: 40. The Strait of Dover is located between

1. India accounts for more than twenty (a) Russia and the United States

percent of the world’s land surface area. (b) England and France

2. It is the seventh largest country in the (c) Spain and Morocco


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world on the basis of area. (d) Italy and Albania

3. The latitudinal and longitudinal extent of


41. Consider the following pairs:
India is roughly 60 degrees.
Types of Features
Which of the statements given above is/are
deserts
correct?
1. Hamada : large stretches of
(a) 1 and 2 only
undulating sand dunes
(b) 3 only 2. Reg : extensive sheets of
(c) 2 only angular pebbles and
(d) 1, 2 and 3 gravels
3. Erg : large stretches of bare
38. Consider the following statements: rocks
1. The first terrestrial life originated in the Which of the pairs given above is/are
Pre-Cambrian era. correctly matched?
2. The fifth mass extinction, which made (a) 1 only

the dinosaurs extinct, took place in the (b) 2 and 3 only

Mesozoic era. (c) 2 only

Which of the statements given above is/are (d) 1 and 3 only

correct?
42. Which of the following phenomenon are
(a) 1 only
caused by the inclination of the Earth on its
(b) 2 only
ecliptic plane?
(c) Both 1 and 2
1. Variation in length of day and night
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
2. Variation in position of the Midday Sun
).

3. Variation in intensity of solar insolation


(

39. Which of the following rivers drains into the


Select the correct answer using the code
Bay of Bengal?
given below.
(a) Mandovi (a) 1 and 2 only
(b) Subarnarekha (b) 1 and 3 only
(c) Sabarmati (c) 2 and 3 only
(d) Periyar (d) 1, 2 and 3

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43. 'When the saturated air mass comes across a 46. Which of the following statements is/are
mountain, it is forced to ascend and as it correct, with reference to Inter Tropical
rises, it expands; the temperature falls, and Convergence Zone?
the moisture is condensed in the form of 1. It is a low pressure zone located at the
equator where Trade Winds converge.
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rainfall'. Which type of rainfall is described


2. In this zone air tends to descend.
above?
3. In July, it is located around 20o N-25o N
(a) Relief Rainfall
latitudes.
(b) Convectional Rainfall Select the correct answer using the code
(c) Cyclonic Rainfall given below.
(d) Monsoonal Rainfall (a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
44. Which among the following is/are the (c) 1 and 3 only
features of Himalyan rivers? (d) 1, 2 and 3
1. Rivers with fixed courses and well
adjusted valleys. 47. With reference to El Nino, which of the
following statements is/are correct?
2. Perennial rivers receiving water from
1. It leads to increase in the temperature of
glaciers.
water on the Peruvian coast.
3. Young rivers with large basins.
2. It results in an increase in the amount of
Select the correct answer using the code
planktons in the Eastern Pacific ocean.
given below. 3. It can delay in the onset of southwest
(a) 1 and 2 only monsoons in India.
(b) 2 and 3 only Select the correct answer using the code
(c) 3 only given below.
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
45. Consider the following pairs: (c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Peninsula Associated Country
1. Kamchatka : Japan
48. With reference to Dawn and Twilight,
Peninsula
consider the following statements:
2. Anatolian : Turkey
1. It occurs when the Sun is below the
Peninsula horizon.
).

3. Labrador : Canada 2. Their time duration decreases as one


(

Peninsula moves from pole to equator.


Which of the pairs given above are correctly Which of the statements given above is/are
matched? correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only (a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 3 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
(d) 1, 2 and 3

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49. Consider the following pairs: 52. Consider the following statements:
Relief Characteristics
1. It is rich in mineral resources like coal,
features
1. Mid- : Chains of iron, limestone and uranium
Oceanic mountains separated
2. It receives maximum rainfall from
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ridges by large depression


2. Guyots : Mountains with South-West monsoon.
pointed summits 3. A major seismic fault separates it from
3. Seamount : Low lying islands
consisting of coral the Rajmahal hills.
reefs Which among the following physiographic
Which of the pairs given above
is/are correctly matched? regions of India is being described by the
(a) 1 only above statements?
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 only (a) Meghalaya Plateau
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (b) The Central Highlands

(c) Thar desert


50. Consider the following pairs:
Type of Climate Areas (d) Western Ghats
1. Monsoon with : Coromandel
dry summer coast
53. "These are dreaded evening thunderstorms in
2. Tropical savannah : Arunachal
Pradesh Bengal and Assam. Their notorious nature
3. Semi-arid steppe : North-Western
can be understood from the local
climate Gujarat
4. Polar type : Jammu and nomenclature of ‘Kalbaisakhi’, a calamity of
Kashmir
the month of Baisakh. These showers are
Which of the pairs given above are correctly
matched? useful for tea, jute and rice cultivation."
(a) 1, 2 and 4 only
Which of the following local storms is best
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only described by the above passage?
(d) 1, 3 and 4 only
(a) Mango Showers

51. Consider the following ocean currents: (b) Blossom Showers


1. North Atlantic Drift (c) Nor Westers
2. Oyashio current
).

(d) Loo
3. Canaries current
(

4. California current
5. Alaska current 54. Seif and barchans are types of
Which of the above mentioned are cold
currents? (a) localized showers.
(a) 1, 3 and 5 only (b) coral reefs.
(b) 2, 4 and 5 only
(c) 4 and 5 only (c) ocean currents.
(d) 2, 3 and 4 only (d) sand dunes.
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55. In India, the terms, 'Akal', Trikal, 'Jalkal' are 58. Which of the following factors influence

related to condensation process in the atmosphere?

(a) droughts 1. Volume of air


2. Temperature
(b) floods
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3. Humidity
(c) earthquakes
Select the correct answer using the code
(d) landslides
given below.
(a) 1 and 3 only
56. Along which of the following plate
(b) 1 and 2 only
boundaries, the crust is destroyed? (c) 1, 2 and 3
1. Convergent Boundary (d) 2 and 3 only

2. Divergent Boundary
59. Which of the following statements correctly
3. Transform Boundary
describes Planetesimals?
Select the correct answer using the code
(a) It refers to the smaller bodies which
given below.
exists at an early stage of the planet
(a) 1 only formation.
(b) 1 and 2 only (b) It is the study of planets’ internal
(c) 2 and 3 only structure.

(d) 1 and 3 only (c) It is localised lumps of gas within a


nebula.

57. Consider the following pairs: (d) It refers to the type of galaxies which
contains a large number of planets.
Pass State

1. Zoji La : Arunanchal Pradesh


60. Which among the following are main
2. Shipki La : Himachal Pradesh
components of soil?
3. Jelep La : Sikkim 1. Humus
4. Bara Lacha : Uttarakhand 2. Water

La 3. Air
).
(

4. Mineral Particles
Which of the pairs given above are correctly
Select the correct answer using the code
matched?
given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(a) 1 and 4 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(b) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(c) 3 and 4 only (c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) 1 and 4 only (d) 2 and 3 only
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61. Which of the following factors affect the 64. Which of the following statements with
distribution of temperature of ocean water? reference to Jet Streams are correct?
1. Latitude 1. They are winds of upper air circulation
2. Prevailing winds that blow from west to east.
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3. Unequal distribution of land and water 2. Their pattern can be altered by the

Select the correct answer using the code presence of high mountains and
highlands on the earth's surface.
given below.
3. They do not exercise any influence over
(a) 1, 2 and 3
the weather conditions in India.
(b) 2 and 3 only
Select the correct answer using the code
(c) 1 and 3 only
given below.
(d) 2 only
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
62. Which among the following is/are features
(c) 1 and 3 only
of Tropical Evergreen Forests? (d) 1, 2 and 3
1. Well stratified forests with tall and short
structured trees 65. Which among the following rivers flow into
2. No shedding of leaves the Caspian Sea?
3. Require annual rainfall less than 50 cm 1. Volga
Select the correct answer using the code 2. Ural
given below. 3. Danube
(a) 1 and 2 only Select the correct answer using the code
(b) 1 and 3 only given below.
(c) 2 only (a) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 only


(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
63. With reference to Sheet Erosion, consider
the following statements:
66. Consider the following statements about
1. It takes place on level lands after a
Ocean Waves:
heavy shower.
1. It refers to the seasonal, directed
2. It removes the finer and more fertile top
movement of deep bottom oceanic
soil.
water.
).

3. It leads to the formation of badland


2. Largest waves are found at the
(

topography. shorelines of continents.


Which of the statements given above are Which of the statements given above is/are
correct? correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only (a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only (b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only (c) Both 1 and 2
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

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91. 'Duns' or 'Doons' formations are 94. Consider the following statements:

characteristic feature of which part of 1. On the day of equinoxes, all parts of the
world have equal days and nights.
Himalayas?
2. When winter solstice occurs in the
(a) Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas
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Southern hemisphere, the Northern


(b) Arunachal Himalayas hemisphere has the longest day and
(c) Eastern Hills and Mountains shortest night.
Which of the statements given above is/are
(d) Himachal and Uttaranchal Himalayas
correct?
(a) 1 only
92. Which among the following can be
(b) 2 only
associated with submerged coasts? (c) Both 1 and 2
1. A highly irregular coastline (d) Neither 1 nor 2
2. Presence of fjords
95. Which of the following are depositional
3. Presence of lagoons
features of glaciation?
Select the correct answer using the code
1. Corrie
given below. 2. Eskers
(a) 1 and 2 only 3. Bergschrund
4. Drumlins
(b) 2 and 3 only
Select the correct answer using the code
(c) 1 and 3 only
given below.
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (a) 2 and 4 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
93. With reference to Black Soil, consider the (c) 1, 3 and 4 only
following statements. (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

1. The soil is rich in lime and iron.


96. Which among the following is/are major
2. It retains moisture for very short
plates?
duration of time. 1. Eurasian plate
3. It is found mostly in the Deccan plateau. 2. Arabian plate
).

3. Cocos plate
(

Which of the statements given above are


Select the correct answer using the code
correct?
given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only (c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

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97. Arrange the following capitals of the North- 99. Which of the following is/are the ideal
Eastern states from west to east: conditions for temperature inversion to
1. Dispur occur?
2. Itanagar 1. Long summer days
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3. Gangtok 2. Cloudy skies


4. Kohima 3. Calm and stable air
Select the correct answer using the code Select the correct answer using the code
given below. given below.
(a) 4-2-3-1 (a) 1 only
(b) 1-2-3-4 (b) 3 only
(c) 3-1-2-4 (c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 3-1-4-2 (d) 1, 2 and 3

98. Which of the following combinations 100. Which of the following countries is most
will lead to maximum tidal range? likely to adopt multiple time zones?
(a) Spring Tide along with perigean position (a) A country which have large longitudinal
of Moon. expanse.
(b) Neap Tide with aphelion position of the (b) A country which has large latitudinal
Moon. expanse.
(c) Spring Tide with apogean position of the (c) A country which has high altitudinal
Moon. variation.
(d) Neap Tide with perihelion position of (d) A country which is located far away
the Sun. from the equator.
).
(

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