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MODULE 6 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN

•••
7. It improves red hardness of steel:
MODULE 6 A. silicon
B. lead
C. cobalt (ANS)
1. For acceptable ideal range of tightness D. manganese
which may result from the application of
specific combination of allowances and 8. It is required that pipes bigger than
tolerances: _ _ __ mm should not be screwed but
A. al lowance limit flanged.
B. tolerance limit A. 76.2
C. interference B. 63.5 (ANS)
D. fit (ANS) C. 2 Yz inch
D. 68.5
2. A radian is equal to _ _ __
A. 57 .02° 9. Formed by the intersection by the
B. 57.706° adjacent flanks of adjacent threads when
C. 57.296° (ANS) extended is called.
D. 57.190° A. crest apex
B. all of these
3. A material having a high electrical C. sharp root
resistance and should not be used for D. sharp crest (ANS)
conductor of electric current.
A. alloyed magnesium 10. In designing the spoke or wheel arrlJ of
B. silicon base alloy a flywheel, it is ideal to consider that the
C. ni ckel (ANS) cross-sectional area of the spoke at rim side
D. zinc should not be less than of the
cross area at the hub side.
4. The product of the mass and the linear A. 80%
velocity of the body: B. 1/3 (ANS)
A. linear impul se c. 90%
B. couple D. 3/8
C. linear momentum (ANS)
0 . vector 11. The cutting up to 70° is best fo r drilli ng
extremely hard metals and for soft
5. The recommended center distance of materials degrees may be
sprockets should not less than _ _ __ applied.
times the diameter of bigger sprocket. A. 60
A. 1.75 B. 45
B. 2 C. 40 (ANS)
C. 1 Y. (ANS) D. 48
D. 2 Y.
12. Single force which produces the same
6. The absolute viscosity of the fluid effect upon a mass replacing two or more
divided by its density expressed in the same forces acting together is called:
terms of units is also called _ _ _ A. vector
A. centistokes B. resultant (ANS)
B. kinematic viscosity (ANS) C. components of forces
C. Petroff s equation D. resolution
D. Light petroleum oil
••• MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY JAS TORDILLO MODULE 6 -

13. is the process necessary to 19. Permissible variation of the C. top land
reduce the brittleness in alloy steel. manufactured/machined dimension is D. backlash (ANS)
A. martempering called :
B. carburizing A. intolerance fits 26. addition impart
C. normalizing B. deviation to atmospheric corrosion in stee
D. tempering (ANS) C. allowance A. aluminum bronze
D. tolerance (ANS) B. manganese
14. The welded joints permit placing the C. copper (ANS)
added metal exactly where needed and 20. Molybdenum-chromium-nickel steel D. bronze
produce an integral structure which can designation:
develop _ _ _% efficiency on any A. SAE 48xx 27. Should two equal am
thickness section specially for mild metal B. SAE 43xx (ANS) coll inear forces is added to
materials. C. SAE 56xx already in equilibrium, whic
A. 95% D. SAE 46xx statement is true?
B. 85% A. Unbalanced of moment is m
C. 100% (ANS) 21. is also called strain B. Equilibrium is disturbed
D. 90% hardening. C. Equilibrium is maintained (
A. work hardening (ANS) D. It creates an unbalanced sit a
15. The lack of backlash in a spur gear B. quenching
design/operation may resu lt to _ _ __ C. annealing 28. Iron base alloy contai
A. overloading D. normalizing chromium.
B. jamming A. Mn Hadfield steel
C. all of these (ANS) 22 . A major alloy in tool steel. B. Chrome-moly steel
0. overheating A. Cr (ANS) C. Stainless steel (ANS)
B. FeN D. High chrome steel
16. forces means when their C. Cobalt
lines of action can be extended to meet to D. Mn 29. A rule of thumb, the spe(
one point. flywheel rim, speed should be 60
A. Concurrent (ANS) 23. Distance measured perpendicular to cast iron material and for cast ste
B. centroids the axis between the crest of the thread rim at ___ meters/min.
C. collinear and the root of its mating thread in a thread A. 3050
D. resultants assembly of screws. B. 4500
A. tolerance class C. 7000 (ANS)
17. Percentage of cut on the return stroke B. crest truncation D. 10000
of hacksaw blade is _ __ C. crest clearance (ANS)
A. 2% D. tolerance limit 30. The distance between r'
B. 3% nearest each other in adj ace
c. 1% 24. Bearing surface that completely called _ _ __
D. 0% (ANS) surrounds the journal is also called A. Pitch (ANS)
B. Back pitch
18. Imaginary formed by the intersection of A. offset bearing C. Margin
the flanks of a thread when extended is B. full bearing (ANS) D. Diagonal pitch
called _ _ __ C. centrally loaded bearing
A. sharp crest (ANS) D. Babbitt bearing 31. The purpose of lubrication ·s
B. sharp root EXCEPT:
C. root apex 2S. The width of a tooth space exceeds the A. to lighten the load
D. all of these thickness of each of the engaging tooth on B. prevent corrosion/adhesion
the pitch circle. C. prevent adhesion (ANS)
A. allowance D. cool the moving elements
B. bottom land
MODULE 6 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN

C. top la nd 32. The pro cess of peening t he join t
D. backlash (ANS) portion immediat ely after th e w elding
greatly improves the fusion structures,
26. addition imparts resistance avoids possible cracking, avoids possible
to atmospheric corrosion in steel, etc. distorsion, etc. Peening can also
A. aluminum bronze process at the same t ime.
B. manganese A. t empering
C. copper (ANS} B. martempering
D. bronze C. normalizing (ANS}
D. annealing
27 . Should two equal and opposite
collinear forces is added to the forces 33 . Resultant of two or more components
already in equilibrium, which of the forces is also called _ __ _
statement is true? A. component of forces
A. Unbalanced of moment is maintained B. resultant (ANS}
B. Equilibrium is disturbed C. component
C. Equilibrium is maintained (ANS) D. collinear forces
D. It creates an unbalanced situation
34. For stable equipment foundation, the
28. Iron base alloy containing 9-16% total combined engine, driven equipment
chromium . and foundation center of gravity must be
A. Mn Hadfield steel kept below the foundations to that usually
B. Chrome-moly steel about t imes the usual t9tal
C. Stainless steel (ANS) combined weight of the machinery it is
D. High chrome steel supposed to support.
A. 3 to 4
29 . A rule of thumb, the speed limit of B. 3 to 7
flywheel rim, speed should be 6000 fpm for C. 2 to 4
cast iron material and for cast steel flywheel D. 3 to S (ANS}
rim at ___ meters/min.
A. 3050 35 . All associated w ith standard materials
B. 4500 specification EXCEPT:
C. 7000 (ANS) A. American Iron and Steel Institute
D. 10000 B. Southeast Asia Iron and Steel Institute
(ANS}
30. The distance between rivet centers c. Society of Automotive Engineers
nearest each ot her in adj acent rows is D. American Society for Testing Materials
called ____.
A. Pitch (ANS) 36. It is ideal for maximum quietness in
B. Back pitch sprocket drive operation to choose _ _
C. Margin or more teeth .
D. Diagonal pitch A. 24
B. 18
31. The purpose of lubrication is mentioned C. 27 (ANS)
EXCEPT: D. 21
A. to lighten the load
B. prevent corrosion/adhesion 37. Shafting up to 3 inches in diameter of
C. prevent adhesion (ANS} co ld ro lled steel is _ _ __
D. cool the moving element s A. 4 ~i nches
B. 6 7/8 inches
••• MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY JAS TORDILLO MODULE 6 - ELEMEN

C. 6 Y. inches _ _ times the weight of the machinery B. Helix thread
D. 5 in ches (ANS} is supposed to support. C. Screw threads (ANS}
A. 3-5 (ANS) D. Chamfers
38. Designated pipe color used in B. 3-6
communication: c. 3 - 9 51. Martensite (stainless steel) contains '
A. silver gray D. 2 - 4 to 26% Cr and a maximum of
B. aluminum gray nickel.
C. bare 45. The strength of non-ferrous alloys is a A. 2.5 (ANS)
D. white (ANS} maximum at room temperature while the: B. 3.25
of ferrous metal has a maximum strength a• c. 3.5
39. Not part and in fact should not be used _ _ _ _ oF. D. 2.0
in the steel melting process. A. 400 (ANS)
A. Coke (ANS) B. 1200 52. The design of stress and factor of safe
B. Silicon c. 450 are related in the following manner:
C. Zinc D. 350 A. Design stress = ultimate stress/facto
D. Aluminum of safety (ANS)
46. The welding made along the edges of B. Ultimate stress = factor of safety/des
40. It is rigid piece which serves to transmit two parallel plates is called _ _ __ stress plus concentration factor
force from a piece to another piece or to A. groove j oint C. Factor of safety = design stress/ultim
cause/control motion. B. fillet j oint stress
A. follower C. edge joint (ANS} D. Design stress = factor of safety/ti
B. crank D. corner joint stress concentration factor
C. cam motion
D. link (ANS) 47. Class of material exhibiting decreased 53 . The material that can cut/wea r hard
electrical conductivity with increasing substance subjected to:
41. Type of bolt commonly used in the temperature. A. Carbide
construction that is threaded in both ends. A. aluminum B. Abrasive (ANS)
A. Stud bolt (ANS) B. p-type semiconductors C. Tungsten
B. Acme thread C. metals (ANS) D. Vanadium
C. Hex bolt D. n-type semiconductors
D. Square threaded bolts 54. The resulting force that replace two
48. Cast iron flywheels are commonly more forces acting together.
42. Ten normal helix angles in helical gears designed with a factor of safety of: A. Vector
is recommended in the range of _ _ __ A. 10 to 13 (ANS) B. Couple
degrees. B. lOto 12 C. Resultant (ANS)
A. less than 18 C. 10 to 14 D. Equilibrant
B. 20 to 35 D. 8to13
C. 15 to 25 (ANS) 55. Peculiar strength of the metal to r
D. 20to 30 49. Stress relieving also _ _ _ for the being crushed .
purpose of reducing the internal stresses of A. Shear strength
43. The ratio of stress acting on an elastic steel material/metal. B. Ultimate Strength
substance to the decrease in volume per A. Tempering (ANS) C. Compressive strength (ANS)
unit volume. B. Normalizing 0. Elastic limit
A. Bulk modulus (ANS) c. All of these
B. Modulus of resilience 0. Annealing 56. Which of the following is no =
C. Elastic limit viscoelastic material?
D. Modulus of elasticity 50. A ridge of uniform section in the form A. Teflon
of a helix cut around the circumference of a B. Plastic
44. Rule of thumb in calculating the cylinder and advancing along the axis. C. All of these
equipment foundation mass should be A. Thread roots D. Metal (ANS)
MODULE 6 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN
•••
B. Helix thread 57. Alloy steel used in manufacturing bolts,
C. Screw threads (ANS) studs, tubings subjected to torsional
D. Chamfers stresses.
A. AISI 3141
51. Martensite (stainless steel) contains 4 B. AISI 2330 (ANS)
to 26% Cr and a maximum of ___% C. AISI 4830
nickel. D. AISI 4310
A. 2.S (ANS)
B. 3.25 58. Method of finishing/shaping a machine
c. 3.5 part of exceptionally high carbon or high
D. 2.0 chromium steel parts (or very hard
material}
52. The design of stress and factor of safety A. Using oxygen lancing
are related in the following manner: B. Machining using carbide insert
A. Design stress ultimate stress/factor C. Using abrasive grinding
of safety (ANS) D. Machining with high speed tool steel
B. Ultimate stress factor of safety/design (ANS)
stress plus concentration factor
C. Factor of safety = design stress/ultimate 59. In a chain drive design for large speed
stress reduction it is preferable to use a double
D. Design stress = factor of safety/times reduction or compound type of
stress concentration factor transmission instead of single two sprockets
transmission. Drives' should be so designed
53. The material that can cut/wear hardest that the angle between two tight chain
substance subjected to: strands does not exceed degrees.
A. Carbide A. 45 (ANS)
8. Abrasive (ANS) B. 60
C. Tungsten c. 55
'J. Vanadium D. 90

54. The resulting force that replace two or 60. Steel springs are made of high carbon
more forces acting together. steel, heat treated and/or cold worked to a
.\. Vector high elastic limit to get good elastic
S. Couple deflection. IN general the carbon content is
C. Resultant (ANS) at _ _ __
J. Equilibrant A. 0.40% or more
B. 0.65% or more
55. Peculiar strength of the metal to resist C. 0.50% or more (ANS)
oeing crushed. D. 0.66% or more
A. Shear strength
B. Ultimate Strength 61. The surface along the fillet curves or
C. Compressive strength (ANS) between the fillet radius of the two
J . Elastic limit adjacent tooth of a gear:
A. Bottom land (ANS)
56. Which of the following is not a B. Flank
iscoelastic material? C. Fillet
Teflon D. Top land
a. Plastic
: All of these 62 . Not adaptable to welding due to low
. Metal (ANS) tensile strength and poor ductility, etc.
...
A. Copper parts
MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY JAS TORDILLO

68. The relationship between the extension
MODULE 6 - ELEMENTS

74. The differential of the shear equation is
B. Cast iron materials of a spring and the force required to which of the following?
C. Aluminum parts (ANS) produce the extension is: A. Load on the beam {ANS)
D. Bronze parts A. F = ma B. Tensile strength of beam
B. F = ~1N C. Bending moment of the beam
63. Plus or minus tolerance can also be C. F = mV 2/R D. Slope of the elastic curve
called as _ _ __ O. F = kx (ANS)
A. Total tolerance 75. A vertically loaded beam, fixed at one
B. Unilateral tolerance 69. The linear portion of the stcess-strain end and simply supported at the other ·s
C. Bilateral {ANS) diagram of steel is known as the: indeterminate to what degree?
D. Allowance A. Modulus of elongation A. Firs~ {ANS)
B. Plastic range B. Second
64. The total machinery weight plus the C. Irreversible range C. Third
foundation weight should be well 0. Elastic range (ANS) D. Fourth
distributed in the corresponding soil area
which is enough to cause a bearing stress 70. The ratio of the moment of inertia of 76. A thin walled pressurized vessel consist
within the safe bearing capacity of the soil the cross section of a beam to the section a right circular cylinder with flat ends. Mid
with a factor of safety of _ _ __ modulus is: way between the ends the stress is greater
A. 4.5 A. Equal to the radius of gyration in what direction?
B. 3 B. Equal to the area of the cross section A. Longitudinal
c. 4.2 C. A measure of distance (ANS) B. Circumference {ANS)
D. 5.0 {ANS) D. Dependent on the modulus of elasticity C. Radial
of the beam material D. At an angle of 45° to the longitudinal
65. is a plane perpendicular to
the axial plane and to the pitch plane. In 71. When an air entrainment agent is 77 . The bending moment at a section of a
gears the parallel axes, and the plane of introduced into a concrete mix beam is derived from the:
rotation coincide. A. The strength will increase A. Sum of the moments of all external
A. Tangent plane B. The strength will decrease (ANS) forces on one side of the section (ANS)
B. Straight plane C. The strength will not be affected B. Difference between the moments on one
C. Transverse plane {ANS) D. The water/cement ratio must · be side of the section and the opposite side a
D. Reference plane reduced from 10-15% C. Sum of the moments of all external
forces on both sides of the section
66. The stress in an elastic material is: 72 . Structura l steel elements to torsion D. Sum of the moments of all external :;
A. Inversely proportional to the materials develop: forces between supports
yield strength A. Tensile strength
B. Inversely proportional to the force acting B. Compressive stress 78. The stress concentration factor :
C. Proportional to the displacement of the C. Shearing stress (ANS) A. Is a ratio of the average stress on a
material acted upon by the force {ANS) D. Moment section to the allowable stress
D. Inversely proportional to the strain B. Cannot be evaluated for brittle materials
73. The deflection of a beam is: C. Is the ratio of the areas involved in a
67. The "slenderness ratio" of a column is A. Directly proportional to the modulus of sudden change of cross section
generally defined as the ratio of its: elasticity and moment of inertia o. Is the ratio of the maximum stress B
A. length of its minimum width B. Inversely proportional to the modulus of produced in a cross section to the average c
B. Unsupported length to · its maximum elasticity and length of the beam cube stress over the section (ANS) D
radrus of gyration C. Inversely proportional to the modulus
C. Length of its moment of inertia of elasticity and moment of inertia (ANS) 79. Poisson's ratio is the ratio of the: 8-
D. Unsupported length to its least radius D. Directly proportional to the load A. Unit lateral deformation to the unit
of gyration {ANS) imposed and inversely to the length longitudinal deformation (ANS) A.
squared B. Unit stress to unit strain 5
MODULE 6 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN

74. The differential of the shear equation is
...
C. Elastic limit to the proportional limit
which of the following? D. Shear strain to compres sive strain
A. Load on the beam {ANS)
B. Tensile strength of beam 80. Hookes Law for an isotopic
C. Bending moment of the beam homogenous medium experiencing one-
D. Slope of the elastic curve dimensional stress is:
A. Stress = E (strain) {ANS)
75. A vertically loaded beam, fixed at one B. Strain = E (Stress)
end and simply supported at the other is C. Force (Area) E (Change in
111determinate to what degree? length/length)
A. First (ANS) D. Strain energy = E (Internal energy)
B. Second
r . Third 81 . The modulus of rigidity of a steel
D. Fourth member is :
A. A function of the length and depth
6. A thin walled pressurized vessel consist B. Defined as the unit shear stress divided
a right circular cylinder with flat ends. Mid by the unit shear deformation (ANS)
.vay between the ends the stress is greater C. Equal to the modulus of elasticity
n what direction? divided by one plus Poisson's ratio
A. longitudinal D. Defined as the length divided by th e
8. Circumference {ANS) moment of inertia
:. Radial
J . At an angle of 45° to the longitudinal 82. A thin homogenous metallic plate
containing a hole is heated sufficiently to
-1. The bending moment at a section of a cause expansion. If the coefficient of
!lea rn is derived from the: surface expansion is linear, the area of the
A. Sum of the moments of all external will:
'orces on one side of the section (ANS) A. Increase at twice the rate the area of the
B. Difference between the moments on one metal increases
·de of the section and the opposite side B. Increase at the same rate as the area of
C. Sum of the moments of all external the metal increases (ANS)
orces on both sides of the section C. Stay the same
J . Sum of the moments of all external D. Decrease at the same rate as the area of
'orces between supports the metal increases

-s. The stress concentration factor: 83. The maximum bending moment of a
Is a ratio of the average stress on a beam simply supported at both ends and
section to the allowable stress subject to a total load W uniformly
3. Cannot be evaluated for brittle materials distributed over its length L is expressed by
:. Is the ratio of the areas involved in a the formula:
sudden change of cross section A. WL/8 (ANS)
2
J . Is the ratio of the maximum stress B. WL /8
reduced in a cross section to the average C. WL/2
2
stress over the section {ANS) D. WL /2

-9. Poisson's ratio is the ratio of the : 84. The three moment equation may be
. Unit lateral deformation to the unit used to analyze:
ngitudinal deformation {ANS) A. A continuous beam (ANS)
Unit stress to unit strain B. A beam loaded at the third points
MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY JAS TORDILLO MODULE 6 - ELEMENTS

C. A step tapered column B. Plastic range B. Str ain hardening is relieved during
D. The three element composite system C. Irreversible range softening, anneal ing above the
D. Elasti c rang e (ANS) recrysta llization temperature.
85. In a long colu mn (slenderness rati o > C. Strain hardening is produced by cold
160) wh ich of the following has the greatest 90. Modulus of resil ience is: worki ng (deformation below the
influence on its tendency to buckle under a A. The same as the modulus of elasticity recrystallization tempe rature).
compress ive load. B. A measure of a materials ability to store D. More strain hardening requires more
A. The modulus of elasticity of the material st ra in energy (ANS ) time -temperature exposure for relief (ANS)
B. The compressive strength of the material C. The reciprocal of the modulus o
C. The radius of gyration of the column ela sticity 95. All of the fo llowi ng processes
D. The length of t he column (ANS) D. A measure of the deflection of a strengthen metals, EXCEPT:
member A. Annealing above the recrystallization
86. The area of the shear diagram of a temperature (ANS)
beam between any two points on th e beam 91. Imperfections within metallic crysta B. Work hardening by mecha nica l
is equal to the : structures maybe all of the following, deformati on below the recrysta lli zation
A. Change in shear between the points EXCEPT: tempera ture.
B. Total shear beyond the two points A. Lattice vacancies, or extra interstitial C. Heat treatme nts such as quenching and
C. Average moment between the two atoms tempering, for production of a finer
points B. Ion pairs missing in ionic cryst als (ANS) microstructure.
D. Change in momen t between t he two C. Displacement atoms to interstitial sites D. Increasing the ca rbon cont ent of low
points (ANS) D. Linear defects, or slippage dislocations ca rbon steel s.
caused by shear
87. Poisson's ratio is principally used in : 96. Int rinsic silicon becomes extrinsically
A. The determination of capability of a 92. All of the following statements about conductive, with electrons as majority
material for being shaped strain energy are correct EXCEPT: ca rriers, w hen doped w it h wh ich of t he
B. The determination of capacity of a A. It is caused by generation and following?
material for plastic deformation without movement of dislocations through shear or A. Aluminum
fracture plastic deformation B. Antim ony (ANS)
C. St ress-strain relationship where B. It results from trapped vacancies in the C. Boron
st resses are appli ed in m ore than one crystal lattice D. Germani um
directi on (ANS) C. It is proportional to the length of
D. The determination of the modulus of dislocation, shear modulus and shortest 97 . Steels ca n be strengthened by all of the
toughness distance between equivalent lattice sites following EXCEPT:
D. It is less for sit es at grain boundaries A. Annealing (ANS)
88. Young's modulus of elasticity for a than for int ernal sites within the crystal B. Quenching and temper ing
material can be calculated indirectly from structure (ANS) C. Work hardening
which of the following properties of the D. Grain refi nement
material? 93. When a metal is cold worked of the
A. Temperature, coefficient of expansion following generally occur EXCEPT: 98. If 1080 st eel (0.80 wt. % C) is annealed
and dielectric constant A. Recrystall ization temperature decreases by very low coo ling from 1000°C (1832°F) to
B. Temperature, coefficient of expansion B. Ductility decreases ambient t emperat ure, its microstruct ure
and specific heat C. Grain s becom e equi-axed (ANS) will consist almost solely of:
C. Density an d velocity of sound in the D. Tensile strength increases A. Aust en ite
ma terial (ANS) B. Bainite
D. Density and interatomic spacing in the 94. All of the following statements about C. Cementite
material strain hardening are correct EXCEPT: D. Pearlite (ANS)
A. Strain hardening strengthens metals.
89. The linear port ion of the stress-strain Resistance to deformation increases with 99. Whi ch of the following is not a method
diagram of steel is known as the: the amount of strain present. of non-destructive testi ng of steel casti ngs
A. Modulus of elasticity and forgings?
MODULE 6 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN
•••
3 Strain hardening is relieved during A. Radiography
softening, annealing above the B. Magnetic particle
·ecrystalli zation temperature. C. Ultrasonic
: . Strain hardening is produced by cold D. Chemical analysis (ANS)
orking (deformation below the
ccrystalli zation temperature). 100. Compressive strength of fully cured
. More strain hardening requires more concrete is most directly related to:
me-temperature exposure for relief (ANS) A. Sand-gravel ratio
B. Fineness modulus
;s. All of the following processes C. Absolute volume
- engthen metals, EXCEPT: D. Water-cement ratio (ANS)
Annealing above the recrystallization
:-emperature (ANS)
~- Work hardening by mechanical
;eformation below the recrysta lli zation
:cmperature.
: Heat treatments such as quenching and
-:mpering, for production of a finer
..,icrostructu re.
Increasing the carbon content of low
:arbon steels.

:-. Intrinsic silicon becomes extrinsically
nductive, with electrons as majority
doped with which of the

. Steels can be strengthened by all of the
owing EXCEPT:
-. Annealing (ANS)
~ Quenching and tempering
:. Work hardening
_ Grain refinement

l If 1080 steel (0. 80 wt. % C) is annealed
very low cooling from 1000°C (1832°F) to
bient temperature, its microstructure
consist almost solely of:
Au stenite

_ Which of the following is not a method
non-destructive testing of steel castings
forgings?
MODULE 7 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN

C. High (ANS)
...
MODULE 7 D. Could be anything

6. At quite low temperatures (say -75°C)
1. All of the following group of plastic are the notched bar impact value of steel:
thermoplastic, EXCEPT:
A. Increases significantly
A. Polyvinylchloride (PVC} and plyvinyl B. Decreases significantly (ANS)
acetate C. Remains unchanged
B. Polyethylene, polypropylene, and D. Depends on heat treatment carried out
polystyrene
C. Acrylic (Lucite) and polyamide (nylon) 7. The crest diameter of a screw thread is
D. Phenolics, melamine and epoxy (ANS) same as:
A. Major diameter (ANS)
2. In the design of reinforced concrete B. Pitch Diameter
structure, tensile strength of the concrete is C. None of the above
normally: D. Minor diameter
A. Determined by split cylinder tests
B. Determined by beam tests 8. Muntz metal contains:
c. Neglected (ANS) A. Copper-nickel
D. Assumed to be 200 psi B. Copper-zinc (ANS)
C. Copper-tin
3. All of the following statements about D. Copper-alum in um
rusting of iron are correct, EXCEPT:
A. Contact with water and oxygen are 9. A babbit is:
necessary for rusting to occur A. A eutectic of iron and iron phosphide
B. Contact with a more electropositive B. A gadget for measuring volume
metal reduces rusting C. A measure of magnetic induction
C. Halides aggravate rusting, a process produced in a material
which involves electrochemical oxidation- o. Antimony bearing lead or tin alloy
reduction reactions (ANS)
D. Pitting occurs in oxygen-rich anodic
areas, and the rust is deposited nearby 10. Steel balls for ball bearings are
(ANS) manufactured by:
A. Turning
4. Select the correct statement: B. Rolling
A. A member made of steel will generally C. Casting
be more rigid than a member of equal load- D. Cold heading (ANS)
carrying ability made of cast iron
B. A member made of cast iron will 11. The blow off pressure of a safety valve
generally be more rigid than a member of is:
equal load carrying ability made of steel A. Slightly more than atmospheric pressure
(ANS) B. Half of the boiler working pressure
C. Both will be equally rigid c. Equal to boiler working pressure
D. Which one is rigid will dep_end on several D. 106% of boiler working pressure (ANS)
other factors .
12. A foundation bolt with a circular end is
5. In majority of machine members, the secured to the floor by means of a steel
damping capacity of the material should be: cotter. If the pull on the bolt is 14000 kg,
A. Low the diameter of the bolt should be:
B. Zero A. 10 mm
...
B. 30 mm
MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO

20. In flange coupling the weakest element C. Gas w elding
MODULE 7 - ELEMENTS

C. 20 mm should be: 0 . Electro slag welding (ANS)
D. 60 mm (ANS) A. Flange
B. Shaft 26. Th e compress ion members tend to
13. In case of knuckle joint the pin is most C. Bolt bush buc kl e in the direction of:
likely to fail in: D. Key (ANS) A. Ax is of load
A. Compression B. Perpendicular to the axes load
B. Shear 21. Turn buckle has : C. M inimum cross section
C. Tension A. Left hand threads on both ends D. Least radius of gyration (ANS)
D. Double shear (ANS) B. Right hand threads on both ends
C. left hand threads on one end and right 27. The diameter of a washer is generally:
14. In case of sunk key: hand threads on other end (ANS) A. Equal to the diameter of bolt
A. The key is cut in both shaft and hub 0. No threads B. Slightly more than the diameter of the
(ANS) bolt (ANS)
B. The key way is cut in hub only. 22. Elastic nut is a locking device t hat has: C. Slightly less tt>an the diameter of the
C. The key way is cut in shaft only. A. One sma ll nut is tightened over main and bolt
0 . The key is helica l along the shaft. main nut tightened against smaller one by 0. Of any size that suits the application
loosening, creating friction jamming.
15. Splines are used when: B. A slot is cut partly in middle of nut and 28. If the lea d angle of a worm is 22 X0
A. The power to be trans mitted is low. then slot reduced by tightening a screw. then th e helix an gle will be:
B. The power to be transm itted is high. C. Hard fiber or nylon cotter is rel eased in A. 45°
C. The torque is high. the nut and becomes threaded as the nut B. 67°
D. Axial relative motion between shaft is screwed on the bolt causing a tight grip. c. 22"
and hub is necessary. (ANS) (ANS) D. None of the above (ANS)
0 . Through slots are made at top and a
16. Splined shafts are generally used in: cotter pin is passed through these and a 29. A reinforced concrete beam is
A. Machining tools hole in the bolt . considered to be made up of:
B. Aircraft A. Cl ad materia l
C. Bicycles 23. Treating the weld as a line, the moment B. Composite Material
D. Automobiles (ANS) of inertia about ce nter of gravity of a C. Homogenous material
circula r weld of diameter d would be: D. Heterogeneous material (ANS)
2
17. Which key normally used in wrist A. TC d /36
watch? B. TC d/ 6 30. Rankine formula is valid up to
A. Kennedy key (. TC d 3/64 slenderness ratio of:
3
B. Tangent key D. 1t d /4 (ANS) A. 80
C. Sunk key B. 150
D. None of the above (ANS) 24. A single ply leather belt running at a c. 60
be lt velocity of 300 ft/min is likely to D. 120 (ANS) 3
18. Universal coupli ng is: transmit per inch of width.
A. Used for non-collinear shafts (ANS) A. 2.5 HP 31. Slend erness ratio of a column is :
B. Rigid coupling B. 5.0 HP A. Shaft diameter over shaft length
C. Type of flange coupling C. 4.0 HP (ANS) B. Co lumn height over column cross section c
0. Used for collinear shafts 0. 3.0 HP C. Column height over least dimension of
column cross-section
19. A flange coupl ing is: 25. For butt welding of two plates each of D. Length of strut over least radius of
A. Used for non-collinear shafts which is 25 mm th ick, the best process gyration (ANS)
B. Used for collinear shafts (ANS) would be:
C. Flexible A. TIG welding 32. Belt sl ip may take place because of: 3
0. Used only on small shafts rotating at B. MIG welding A. Loose load c
slow speeds B. Heavy belt
C. Gas we lding
MODULE 7 - ELEMENTS IN MACHii\JE DESIGN

C. Driving pulley too small
...
D. Electro slag welding (ANS) D. All of the above (ANS)

26. The compression members tend to 33 . In hydrodynamic bearings:
buckl e in the direction of: A. The oil film pressure is generated only
A. Axjs of load by the rotation of the journal (ANS)
B. Perpendicu lar to the axes load B. The oil film is maintained by supplying oil
C. Minimum cross section under pressure
D. least radius of gyration (ANS) C. Do not need external supply of lubricant
D. Grease is used for lubrication
27. The diameter of a washer is generally:
A. Equal to the diameter of bolt 34. The rated life of bearing changes:
B. Slightly more than the diameter of the A. Directly as load
bolt (ANS) B. Inversely as fourth power of load
C. Slightly less than the diameter of the C. Inversely as cube of load (ANS)
oolt D. Inversely as square of load
J Of any size tha suits the application
35. In oilless bearings:
0
28. If the lead angle of a worm is 22 Y, A. The oil fi lm pressure is produced only by
·tien th e helix angle will be: the rotation of the journal
0
4S B. The oil film is maintained by supplying oil
3. 67° under pressure
: 22° C. Do not need external supply lubricant
:::>. None of the above (ANS) (ANS)
D. Grease is needed to be applied after
_9 . A re inforced concrete beam is some intervals
:onsidered t o be made up of:
~ . Clad material 36. In cross or regular lay ropes:
3 Composite Material A. Direction of twist of in strands is
: Homogenous material opposite to the direction of twist of
D. Heterogeneous material (ANS) strands (ANS)
B. Direction of twist of wires and strands
30. Rankine formu la is va lid up to are same
_enderness ratio of: C. Wires in two adjacent strands are
- 80 twisted in opposite direction
3. 150 D. Wires are twisted.
: 60
. 120 (ANS) 37. Gears for wrist watches are generally
manufactured by:
:i. Sl enderness ratio of a column is : A. Lead angle
- Shaft diameter over shaft length B. Pitch angle
; Column height over column cross section C. Helix angle (ANS)
:. Column height over least dimension of D. Pressure angle
- lumn cross-section
,,;. length of strut over least radius of 38. The type of cam used for low and
ration {ANS) moderate speed engines is generally:
A. Harmonic (ANS)
: . Belt slip may take place because of: B. Tangent
Loose load C. Involute
_ Heavy belt D. Flat
... MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO

39. The form coefficient of a spring is: C. None of the above
MODULE 7 - ELEMENTS

53. The maximum size of the fillet weld
A. The load/unit deflection D. Silent that can be made in single pass is:
B. Load/spring area A. 2 mm
C. Ratio of coil diameter to wire diameter 47. Which of the following ropes will be B. 3 mm (ANS)
D. Its capability to store energy (ANS) most flexible? C. 7 mm
A. 6by19 D. 5mm
40. Cold working of materials : B. 6 by 7
A. Increases the fatigue strength (ANS) c. 8 by 19 54 . The maximum size of the fillet weld B.
B. Decreases the fatigue strength D. 6 by 37 (ANS) that can be made single pass is:
C. Does not change fatigue strength A. Gmm (ANS) c
D. None of the above 48. The working load (P) for a chain for B. 12 mm ~c

crane applications is expressed in terms of C. 8 mm
41. A babbit diameter of link "d" in cm as follows: D. 3 mm
2
A. a eutectic of iron and iron phophide A. P = l.5d
2 55. A rolled steel shah designated as 50 ISF
B. a gadget for measuring volume B. P = 50d
C. antim ony bearing lead or tin alloy (ans) C. P = 500d 2 (ANS) 8 means:
D. a measure of magnetic induction D. P = 25d 2 A. The flat is SO mm long and 8 mm thick
produced in a material B. The flat is 50 mm wide and 8 mm thick
49. If 9 be the angle of friction, then the (ANS)
42. Addendum of a cycloidal gear tooth is: radius of friction circle is given by: C. The flat has cross -section 50 sq. mm and
A. Cycloid A. r width 8 mm.
B. Epi cycloids (ANS) B. r cos 9 D. The flat has cross-section 50 sq. mm and
C. Straight rack e
c. r cos 2 depth 8 mm.
D. Involute D. r sin 9 (ANS) 6..
S6. The column splice is used for :.
43. Spiral gears are suitable for SO. If a square key and the shaft are to be increasing: 6
transmitting: of the same material and of equal strength, A. Strength of the column c.
A. Small power (ANS) the length of key would be (d =diameter of B. Cross-sectional area of the column D
B. No power but motion only shah). C. Length of the column (ANS)
C. Any power A. d D. All of the above 63
D. Pulsating B. l.50d a:
c. 2d S7. The minimum thickness of steel /.
44. The center of gravity of a solid pyramid 0. 1.23d (ANS) members exposed to weather and B
or cone with a total height of H is: accessible for painting is: c.
A. 1.0 H (Ans) Sl. In a standard coarse thread bolt the A. 6mm D.
B. 3/S H stress concentration is maximum at: B. 8mm
C. 1/3 H A. Root (ANS) C. 4 mm
D. Y, H B. Flank D. 10 mm {ANS) e
C. All over the surface A.
45. Which does not belong to foundry or D. Top surface 58. Zero axial thrust is experienced in: B.
metal casting shop? A. Helical gears c
A. shake-out machine S2 . Fatigue strength of a surface may be B. Spiral gears 0.
B. molding machine increased by: C. Herringbone gears (ANS)
C. coremaking A. Making surface rough D. Bevel gears 65
D. forging ma chine (Ans) B. Filling the surface
C. Applying concentrated hydrochloric acid 59. In order to realize the advantages of A..
46. Which type of chain is used in on the surface fluid friction, it is essential to have: B.
motorcycle? D. Polishing the surface (ANS) A. Parallel (ANS) c. .
A. Bush roller (ANS) B. Converging D.
B. Pintle
MODULE 7 - ELEMENTS IN MACHU-4E DESIGN
•••
53 . The maximum size of the fillet weld C. No oil film
that can be made in single pass is : D. Diverging oil film
A. 2 mm
B. 3 mm (ANS) 60. A shah rotating in anticlockwise
C. 7 mm direction at slow speed inside a bearing will
D. 5mm be:
A. At bottom most of bearing
54. The maximum size of the fillet weld B. Towards left side of bearing and making
that can be made single pass is : metal to metal contact (ANS)
A. 6 mm (ANS) C. Towards left side of bearing and making
B. 12 mm no metal to metal contact
C. 8 mm D. Towards right side of bearing and
D. 3 mm making no metal to metal contact

SS. A roll ed steel shah designated as 50 ISF 61. Points of arrest of iron corresponds to:
8 means: A. Stages at which allotropic forms change
A. The fla t is SO mm long and 8 mm thic k (ANS)
B. The flat is 50 mm wide and 8 mm thick B. Stages at which further heating does not
(ANS) increase temperature
C. Th e fl at has cross-section 50 sq . mm and C. Stages at which properties do not
Nidth 8 mm. change with increase temperature
D. The flat has cross-section 50 sq. mm and 0. There is nothing like points of arrest
depth 8 mm .
62. Delta iron occurs at temperature of:
56. Th e co lumn splice is used for A. Room temperature
ncreas ing: B. Above melting point
A. Strength of the column C. Between 1400 and 1539°C (ANS)
9. Cross-sectional area of the column D. Between 1000 and 1400°C
. Length of the column (ANS)
). All of the above 63. Gamma iron exists at following
temperature:
57 . The minimum thickness of steel A. Room temperature
-n embers exposed to weather and B. Near melting point
;:ccessible for painting is: C. Between 1400 and 1539°C
..,_ Gmm D. Between 910 and 1400°C (ANS)
3. Bmm
: 4mm 64. Ferromagnetic alpha iron exists in
). 10 mm (ANS) temperature range of:
A. Below 732°C (ANS)
58. Zero axial thrust is experienced in: B. 700 - 910°C
- Helical gears c. 1000 -1440°C
: Spiral gears D. 1400 - 1539°C
:. Herringbone gears (ANS)
J. Bevel gears 65 . Paramagnetic iron changes to gamma
iron at:
: 9. In order to realize the advantages of A. 970°C
id friction, it is essential to have: B. 910°C (ANS)
Parallel (ANS) c. 440°C
_ Converging D. 1639°C
••• MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 7 - ELEME S

66. Fatigue failure occurs when a part is A. Sulphur, lead, phosphorous (ANS) 79. Aluminum alloys for pressure die
subjected to: B. Silicon, aluminum, titanium castings:
A. Compressive stress (ANS) C. Vanadium, ;iluminum A. Must poses considerable fluidity (ANS)
B. Tensile stress 0. Chromium, nickel B. Must not be free from hot shortness
C. Torsion C. Must have iron as one of the
D. Fluctuating stress 73. Eutectoid steel the percent of carbon is: constituents
A. 0.02% D. Must be light.
67. A body having identical properties all B. 0.3%
over it is called: c. 0.63% 80. Electro-forming is specially valuable for:
A. Homogenous (ANS) O. 0.8% (ANS) A. Good conductors of electricity
B. Elastic B. Decorative items
C. Ductile 74. A cold chisel is made of: C. Thin walled parts requiring a high order
D. lsentropic A. Mild steel of accuracy and internal surface finish
B. German silver (ANS)
68. If a material recovers its original C. Cast iron D. Non-ferrous components c
dimensions, when the load is removed, it is D. High carbon steel (ANS)
called: 81. In powder metallurgy the process of
A. Plastic 75. Cyaniding is the process of: heating the cold pressed metal powdered is
B. Elastic (ANS) A. Dipping steel in cyanide bath called:
C. Brittle B. Reacting steel surface with cyanide salts A. Sintering (ANS)
D. Annealed C. Adding carbon and nitrogen by heat B. Granulation
treatment of steel to increase its surface C. Deposition c.:
69. The behavior of metals where in hardness (ANS) D. Precipitation
strength of a metal is increased and the D. Obtaining cyanide salts
ductility is decreased on heating at a 82. Which one is different from the
relatively low temperature after cold 76. The constituents that has a powerful remaining?
working, is called : softening effect on cast iron and its A. Cyaniding
A. Twinning presence in cast iron reduces the ability of B. Nitriding 3
B. Clustering the iron to retain carbon in chem ical C. Flame hardening (_
C. Screw dislocation combination is: D. Electroplating (ANS) D
D. Strain aging (ANS) A. Silicon (ANS)
B. Aluminum 83. The hardness of steel increases if it
70. A ductile fracture is characterized by: C. Carbon contains:
A. Rapid rate of crank propagation D. Sulphur A. Austenite A..
B. Negligible deformation B. Pearnite B
C. Fragmentation into more than two 77 . Tensile strength of common varieties of C. All of the above c.
pieces cast iron is in the range of: D. Martensite (ANS) D.
O. Appreciable plastic deformation prior A. 40 - 60 MPa (ANS)
to propagation of crack (ANS) 8. 150- 180 MPa 84. The presence of sulfur in pig iron 9
C. 840-500 MPa makes: A.
71. The ability of a material to absorb 0. 1500 -1650 MPa A. It easily machinable B.
energy when deformed elastically and to 8. It hard (_
return it when unloaded is known as: 78. In carbon steel castings: C. It brittle D.
A. Creep A. The percentage of carbon is less than D. The casting unsound (ANS)
B. Fatigue strength 1.7% (ANS) 92
C. Hardness B. The percentage of carbon is between 1.7 85. Compressive strength of gray cast iron A.
to 2%. 2
D. Resilience (ANS) in tones/cm is of the order of: B.
C. The percentage of alloying elements is A. 3-S c.
72. Machining properties of steel can be controlled. B. 7-10 0.
improved by adding: D. None of the above
MODULE 7 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN
•••
-9. Aluminum alloys for pressure die c. 15 - 22
::astings: D. 5-7 (ANS)
Must poses considerable fluidity (ANS)
.: Must not be free from hot shortness 86. The machinability of steel can be
Must have iron as one of the increased by:
:onstituents A. Silicon and sulphur
- Must be light. B. Phosphorous, lead, sulphur (ANS)
C. Sulphur, graphite and aluminum
. Electro-forming is specially valuable for: D. None of the above
- Good cond uctors of electricity
_ Decorative items 87. Steel with 0.8% carbon and 100%
- Thin walled parts requiring a high order pearlite is known as:
:' accuracy and internal surface finish A. Eutectoid (ANS)
S) B. Hyper-eutectoid
:::. Non-ferrous components C. Austenite
D. Solidus
: . In powder metallurgy the process of
;:ating the cold pressed metal powdered is 88. The maximum hardenability of any
::;i'led: steel depends on:
- Sintering (ANS) A. The carbon content (ANS)
_ Granulation B. The chemical composition
- Deposition C. The grain size
• Precipitation D. The alloying elements present

Which one is different from the 89. In 18-4-1 high speed steel the
~aining? maximum percentage is of:
Cyaniding A. Carbon
Nitriding B. Tungsten
- Flame hardening C. Chromium
• Electroplating (ANS) D. Iron (ANS)

. The hardness of steel increases if it 90. In compression, a prism of brittle
ta ins: material will break:
Austenite A. Into large number of pieces
Pearnite B. By forming a bulge
All of the above C. By shearing along oblique plane (ANS)
Martensite (ANS) D. In a direction along the direction load

The presence of sulfur in pig iron 91. Hastalloy contains:
akes: A. Nickel and copper
It easily machinable B. Copper and aluminum
It hard C. Aluminum and nickel
t brittle 0. Nickel and molybdenum (ANS)
The casting unsound (ANS)
92. Trimming is a process associated with:
Compressive strength of gray cast iron A. Forging (ANS)
2
:ones/cm is of the order of: B. Electroplating
3-5 C. Press work
7-10 D. Machining of metals
MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 8 - ELEMENTS

93 . Addition of lead and bismuth to 100. Super conductors:
aluminum results in:
A. Improvement of casting characteristics
A. Are non-crystalli ne
B. Exist at temperature below 10°K (ANS)
MODULE 8
B. Improvement of corrosion resistance C. Are the purest forms of materials
C. One of the best known age and D. Are non-metallic substances 1. The phenomenon of " weld decayn s
precipitation hardening system associated with:
D. Improving machinability (ANS) A. Brass
B. Manganese steels
94. Which of the following has the highest C. Aluminum alloys
specific strength of all structural materials? D. Stainless steels (ANS)
A. Magnesium alloys
B. Chromium 2. Which of the following timber is used for
C. None of the above sports goods?
D. Titanium alloys (ANS) A. Mulberry (ANS)
B. Mahogany
95. Foundry crucible is made of: C. Sal
A. Mild steel D. Deodar
B. Lead
C. Graphite 3. A knoop indenter is a diamond ground to
D. German silver a:
A. Prismoidal form
96. Age hardening is related with : B. Pyramidal form (ANS)
A. Stainless steel C. Cylindrical form
B. Cast iron D. Needle form
C. Gun metal
D. Duralumin (ANS) 4. The process commonly for thermo-
plastic materials is:
97. For heavy loads in aircraft bearings the A. Diecasting
material used with lead to reduce the risk of B. Injection moulding (ANS)
seizure is: C. Shell moulding
A. Tin D. Cold forming
B. Silver (ANS)
C. Zinc S. The most important element that
D. Iron controls the physical properties of steel is:
A. Silicon
98. Compressive strength of woods is B. Manganese
generally: C. Tungsten
A. More along the grains (ANS) D. Carbon (ANS)
8. More across the grains
C. Equal in all directions 6. The imperfection in the crystal structure
D. Maximum at 45° to the direction of of metal is known as:
grains A. Dislocation (ANS)
B. Slip
99. Select the one that has highest specific C. Fracture
gravity: D. Impurity
A. Brass
B. High carbon steel 7. Polyesters belong to the group of:
C. Lead (ANS) A. Thermoplastics J
D. Aluminum B. Phenolics
MODULE 8 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN

C. All of the above
MODULE 8 D. Therm osetting plasti cs (ANS )

. The phenomenon of " weld decay" is 8. The effect of alloying zinc to copper is :
associated with : A. To increase hardness
A. Brass B. To impart free-machining properties
il. Manganese stee ls C. To improve hardness and strength
C. Aluminum alloys D. To increase strength and ductility (ANS)
D. Sta inless st eels (ANS)
9. Projection welding is:
2. Which of the following timber is used for A. Continuous spot welding process
sports goods? B. Multi spot wel ding process (ANS )
A. M ulberry (ANS) C. Used to form
3. Mahogany D. Used to make mesh
C. Sal
) . Deodar 10. In resistance welding, the pressure
released:
3. A knoop indenter is a diamond ground to A. Just at the t ime of passing the current
B. During heating period
. Prismoidal form C. After the w eld cools (ANS)
B. Pyramidal form {ANS) D. After completion of currents
C. Cylindrica l form
:::>. Need le form 11. Grey cast iron is best welded by:
A MIG
.: The process commonly for thermo- B. Submerged arc
:lastic materials is: C. TIG
. Diecasting D. Oxy-acetylene (ANS )
3. Inject ion m oulding (ANS)
C. Shell moulding 12. A plug gauge is used to measure :
). Cold forming A. Taper bores
8. Cylindrical bores
_ The most important element that c. Spherical holes
:ontrols the physical properties of steel is: D. Screw t hreads {ANS )
~ Silicon
3. Manganese 13. Choose the one tha t will have the
: Tungsten highest cutting speed.
. Carbon {ANS) A. Cast iron
B. Tool st eel
C. Brass
5 The imperfection in the crystal structure
='metal is known as : D. Alu minum (ANS )
Dislocation {ANS)
~ . Slip 14. When large number of components are
: Fracture turned and parted off from a bar, the chuck
- · Impurity generally used is:
A. Four jaw chuck
- Polyesters belong to the group of: B. Two jaw chuck
- Thermoplastics C. Collect chuck
• Phenolics D. Magnetic (ANS)
l:Q MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 8 - ELEMENTS :

Gear t oot h verni er is used fo r 28. An important factor to be considered
15. C. Arc welding when reverses polarity is
measuring: while designing a core print is:
used
A. Gear tooth profile (ANS) D. Weld ing stainless ste el (ANS) A. Pa t tern ma terial
B. Module B. Type of mould
C. Moulding sand characteristics (ANS)
C. Pitch line thickness of gear tooth 22. Wh at for is a rammer used?
D. Gear tooth thickness A. A too l used in welding for cleaning D. Pouring temperature
purpos e
29. Which of t he following metals can be
16. Undercutting is: B. A t ool used in press work to lift the
A. An operation of cu tting extra deep pressure components suitably welded by TIG welding?
groove C. A tool used in foundry t o pack the sand A. Aluminum
B. An operation of cutting a groove next to in mou ld B. Magnesium
a shoulder on a piece of work C. All of the above (ANS)
D. A measuring tool (ANS)
C. Cutting from the base of a work piece D. Stain less steel
(ANS) 23. What for is a swa b used?
D. An operation of cutt ing extra wide A. A tool used in sh aper 30. Weld pattern refers t o:
threads B. A too l used in fo undry for moist ening A. We ld ing electr ode
the sand B. Filler metal
17 . Laser weld ing is w idely used in : C. Th e too l used in fou ndry for C. Shield
A. Process industry smoothening the mould D. Welding defect (ANS)

B. Structural work D. A tool used in foundry for repairing the
C. Heavy duty mould (ANS) 31 . A sprue is:
D. Electronic industry (ANS) A. A tool used in m ould repairing (ANS)
24. What fo r is a gagger used?
B. A process of cleaning cast ings
C. A chemical that is added to molte
18. Unlike materia ls or materials of A. A t ool used in clearing w elds
different thickness can be butt welded by: B. A t ool used in clearin g material before materials for sound castings
A. Control of pressure and current (ANS) D. A vertical passage through the cope
weldi ng
B. Adjusting time duration of current C. A tool used in foundry for cleaning of
C. Adjusting initial gap castings (ANS) 32. What is a ga t e?
D. All of the above D. A sha ped met al accessory A. A passage through which meta is
poured into the mould
19. In arc weld ing operations the current 25 . Wh at for are bellows used?
B. A passage through whi ch metal rises
value is decided by: A. Used in foundry in moistening t he mould when the mould is filled
A. Thickness of plate B. Used in fo undry for cleaning of ca sting C. A passage t hat finally lead molten me•a
B. Voltage across the plate C. Used in foundry for blowing loos e end from the runner in t o the mould cavity
0. Used in foundry for smothering and D. A vent hole to allow for the hot gases to
C. Size of the electrode (ANS)
D. Length of w elded portion cleaning out depression in the mould (ANS) escape (ANS)

20. The phenomenon of weld decay ta kes 26. Permeability of a foundry sand is: 33. What for are core prints provided?
place in: A. Capacity to hold moisture (ANS) A. To form t rade mark of co mpany on
A. Cast iron B. Porosity to allow t he escape of gases cas ti ngs
B. Brass C. Dist ribution of binder in sand B. To produce cast ings with specific surface
C. Bronze 0 . Fineness of sand design
C. To form seat to support and hold the
D. Stainless steel (ANS)
27. What fo r arc metal patterns used? core (ANS)
A. Precision casting 0 . To direct the flow of molten matenal
21 . Arc blow takes place in:
A. Gas welding B. Small casting during pouring
B. Arc welding when straight polarity is C. Large casti ng
34 . The equipment that is used in pit fo r
used 0. Large scale production of castings (ANS)
supply of air is known as:
A. Fan
MODULE 8 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN

28. An important factor to be considered B. Hand blower
while designing a core pri nt is: C. Air cylinder
A. Pa t tern material D. Centrifugal blower (ANS)
B. Type of mould
C. Moulding sand characteristics (ANS) 35. Tumbling is done so as to :
D. Pouring temperature A. Clean the surface of small parts (ANS)
B. Stress relieve the components
29. Which of the following metals can be C. Get surface finish
suitably welded by TIG welding? D. To plate the surface
A. Aluminum
B. Magnesium 36. The purpose of inoculation is:
C. All of the above (ANS) A. To cl ean casting
D. Stainless steel B. To decrease the melting temperature
C. To change the chemical composition of a
30. We ld patt<>rr> refers to: cast metal
A. Wel ding electrode D. To modify the structure and properties
B. Filler metal of a cast metal (ANS)
C. Shield
D. Welding defect (ANS) 37. Least shrinkage allowance is provided
in the case of which of the following?
31 . A sprue is: A. Brass
A. A tool used in mould repairing (ANS) B. Cast iron
B. A process of cl eaning castings C. White cast iron (ANS)
~ A chemical that is added to molten D. Aluminum
materials for sound castings
D. A verti cal passage through the cope 38. The draft allowance on metallic pattern
as compared to wooden ones is:
32 . What is a gate? A. More
A. A pas sage through wh ich metal is B. Same
poured into the mould C. Less (ANS)
B. A passage through which metal rises D. More or less depending on size
when the mould is filled
C. A passage that finally lead molten metal 39. Select the one that is not an angle
'rom the runner into the mould cavity measuring device.
D. A vent hole to allow for the hot gases to A. Bevel protector
escape (ANS) B. Sine bar
C. Combination square
33. What for are core prints provided? D. Angle iron (ANS)
A. To form trade mark of company on
castings 40. Dilatometer is used to find out which
B. To produce castings with specific surface property of moulding sand.
design A. Permeability
C. To form seat to support and hold the B. Hot strength
core (ANS) C. Fineness (ANS)
D. To direct the flow of molten material D. Moisture content
during pouring
41. The mould for casting ferrous materials
34. The equipment that is used in pit for in continuous casting process is made of:
supply of air is known as: A. Low carbon steel
.i.. Fan B. High carbon steel
MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 8 - ELEMENTS

C. Medium carbon steel 49. In which of the following process 56. Formed milling operation of cutting
D. Copper (ANS) hydraulic fluid acts as transfer media? gears can be used for cutting which type of
A. Electron beam machining gears?
42. What for is rotameter used? B. Electro-discharge machining A. Spur
A. RPM of engines C. Iron beam machining B. Worm
B. Rotation of shafts D. Water jet machining (ANS) C. All of the above (ANS)
C. Twists due to torque applied on shafts D. Bevel
D. Flow of liquids and gases (ANS) 50. Sweep pattern is used for moulding
parts having: 57 . The ratio of average shear stress to
43. The impedance of piezo-electric crystal A. Rectangular shape maximum shear stress for a circular cross
is: B. Uniform symmetrical shape (ANS) section is equal to:
A. Negligible C. Complicated shape having intricate A. 2
B. Low details B. 2/3
C. High (ANS) D. None of the above c. 3/2
D. Very high D. % (ANS)
51. Dressing
44. Hot wire anemometers are generally A. A method of cleaning the castings 58. When a solid cube is subjected to equa
for: B. An inspection method for castings normal forces of the same type on all its
A. Measuring pressure of fluids C. A method of deoxidation of molten faces . The ratio of the volumetric
B. Measuring velocity of air stream (ANS) metal strain/linear strain along any of the three
C. Measuring temperature of moving fluid D. The formation of oxides on the molten axes will be equal to:
D. Measuring thermal conductivity of solids metal surface (ANS) A. 1
B. 2
45. Ornaments are cast by: 52. The usual value of helix angle of a drill c. 2.5
A. Die casting is: D. 3 (ANS) a
B. Pressed casting A. 110°
C. Gravity casting (ANS) B. 120° 59. The ratio of bulk modulus to shear
D. Continuous casting C. 30° (ANS) modulus for Poisson's ratio of 0.25 will be
D. 60° equal to:
46. During MIG welding the metal is A. 3/2
transformed in the form of: 53. A twist drill is specified by: 8. 5/6
A. Continuous flow of molten metal A. Its diameter and lip angle C. 1 (ANS)
B. A fine spray of metal (ANS) B. Its shank and diameter D. 6/3
C. Solution C. Shank, material and flute size
D. Electron beam o. Shank, material and diameter (ANS) 60. The stress strain curve for a glass rod
during tensile test is:
47. A collimated light beam is used fro 54. Broaching operation is generally used in A. A straight line
producing heat in: automobile industry as: B. A parabola
A. MIG welding A. It is an automatic machine C. A sudden break (ANS)
B. TIG welding B. It is a mass production machine D. An irregular curve
C. Plasma welding t.:. Semi-skilled operators can be employed
D. laser welding (ANS) (ANS) 61. When the shear force is zero along a
D. Operations is completed in one stroke section, the bending moment at that
48. Wipping is the process of: section will be:
A. Cleaning the welded surface after the 55. Select the one that is gear finishing A. Zero
welding operation is over process: B. Minimum or maximum
B. Applying flux during welding process A. Gear shaving (ANS) C. Maximum
C. Connecting load pipes by soldering alloy B. Gear shaping D. Minimum (ANS)
(ANS) C. Gear hobbing
D. Low temperature D. Gear milling
MODULE 8 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN
•=••
56. Formed milling operation of cutting 62. The ultimate tensile stress of mild steel
gears can be used for cutting which type of as compared to its ultimate compressive
gears? stress will be:
A. Spur A. Same
B. Worm B. More (ANS)
C. All of the above (ANS) C. Less
D. Bevel D. More or less depending on other factors

57. The ratio of average shear stress to 63. Percentage reduction of area while
maximum shear stress for a circular cross performing tensile test on cast iron may be
section is equal to: of the order of:
A. 2 A. 50%
B. 2/3 B. 25%
c. 3/2 C. 0%(ANS)
D. Y. (ANS) D. 15%

58. When a solid cube is subjected to equal 64. The intensity of stress that causes unit
normal forces of the same type on all its strain is known as:
faces . The ratio of the volumetric A. Unit stress
strain/linear strain along any of the three B. Bulk
axes will be equal to: C. Modulus of rigidity
A. 1 D. Modulus of elasticity (ANS)
B. 2
c. 2.5 65. For steel, the ultimate strength in shear
D. 3 (ANS) as compared to in tension is nearly:
A. Same
59. The ratio of bulk modulus to shear B. Half (ANS)
modulus for Poisson's ratio of 0.25 will be C. One-third
equal to: D. Two-th ird
. 3/2
3. 5/6 66. Select the one that has no unit:
C. 1 (ANS) A. Kinematic viscosity
). 6/3 B. Surface tension
C. Bulk modulus
50. The stress strain curve for a glass rod D. Strain (ANS)
:luring tensile test is:
A straight line 67. When a part is constrained to move
3. A parabola and heated, it develops:
C.. A sudden break (ANS) A. Principal stress
J . An irregular curve B. Tensile stress
C. Compressive stress (ANS)
:1. When the shear force is zero along a D. Shear stress
.ection, the bending moment at that
~ction will be: 68. The tensile stress of a material is given
Zero by:
: Minimum or maximum A. Maximum load during test/original
: Maximum cross-sectional area (ANS)
. Minimum (ANS) B. Average load during test/original cross-
section area
MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 8 - ELEMENTS I

C. Maximum load during test/area at the A. Is uniform th roughout D. Shaft is made weaker
time of fracture B. Has maximum va lue at the axis
D. Average load during the test/area at the C. Has maximum valu e at t he surface 81 . Mohr's circle can eb used to find out
time of fracture D. Is zero at the axis and linearly increases following stress on inclined surface:
to a maximum value at the surface of the A. Principal stress
69. The size of hole that is drilled in plates shaft (ANS) B. Normal stress
for riveting is: C. Tangential stress
A. Equal to the diameter of the rivet shank 75 . In laminated springs the strips are D. All of the above (ANS)
B. Slightly smaller than the diameter of rivet provided ion different lengths for :
shank A. Economy 82 . The radial pressure and hoop tension
C. l.S to 2 mm smaller than the diameter B. Reduction in weight for a thick cylinder is:
of the rivet for rivets of 25 mm and above C. Improve appearance A. Maximum at inner surface and
size D. Equal distribution of stress (ANS) decreases towards outer surface (ANS)
D. 1.5 to 2 mm larger than the diameter of B. Minimum at inner surface and increases
the rivet for rivets of 25 mm and above 76. Select the one for which diamond towards outer surfa ce
size (ANS) riveted joint can be adopted: C. Minimum at inner an d outer surfaces
A. Butt joint (ANS) D. Maximu m at inner and outer surfaces
70. A column is called short column when: B. Lap joint
A. The length is more than 30 times the C. Double riveted lap joint 83 . Autofrettage is the method of:
diameter D. All type of joints A. Calculating stresses in thick cylinders
B. Slenderness ratio is more than 120 B. Relieving thick cylinders
C. The length is less than 8 times the 77. Hoop stress refers to: C. Prestressing thick cylinders (ANS)
diameter (ANS) A. Circumferential tensile stress (ANS) D. Increasing life of thick cylinders
D. The slenderness ratio is more than 32 B. Compressive
C. Radial stress 84. Ties are load carrying members that
71. The total strain energy stored in a body D. Longitudinal stress carry:
is called: A. Torsional loads
A. Resilience (ANS) 78. 1 Meganewton per square meter is B. Axial compressive loads
B. Proof resilience equal to: C. Axial tension loads (ANS)
C. Toughness A. 1,000,000 N/mm
2
D. Transverse loads c
D. Impact energy B. 10,000 N/mm'
2
C. 100 N/mm 8S. If the areas of cross-sections of square
72. A material that is capable of absorbing 0. 1 N/mm 2 (ANS) and circular beams are same and both are
a large quantity of energy before fracture is put to equal bending moment, then the
called: 79. The value of shear stress changes is correct statement is: 3
A. Ductility induced in the shaft because of the applied A. The circular beam is more economical
B. Toughness (ANS) couple that: B. The square beam is more economical
C. Resilience A. From maximum at the center to zero at {ANS)
D. Shock proof the circumference C. Both the beams are equally strong
B. From zero at the center to maximum at D. Both the beams are equally economical
73. Coaxing increases the: the circumference (ANS)
A. Strength by reversible cycling C. From maximum at the center to 86. The Biflar suspension method is used to
B. Corrosion resistance by spraying minimum at the circumference find out:
C. Hardness by surface treatment D. From minimum at the center to A. Position of balancing weights
D. Fatigue resistance by over-stressing the maximum at the circumference B. Centripetal acceleration
meta l by successively increasing loadings C. Natural frequency of vibration
(ANS) 80. In the design of pu lley, key and shaft: D. Moment of inertia {ANS)
A. All three are designed for same strength c
74. For a circular shaft subjected to torque B. Key is made weaker link (ANS) 87. Slip in belt drive is:
the value of shear stress is equal to: C. Pulley is made weaker A. Loss of power
MODULE 8 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN

D. Shaft is made weaker B. Difference between angular velocities of
two pulleys
81. Mohr's circle can eb used to find out C. Difference between the velocities of two
following stress on inclined surface: pulleys
A. Principal stress D. Difference between the linear speed of
B. Normal stress the rim of pulley and the belt on it. (ANS)
C. Tangential stress
D. All of the above (ANS) 88. In case of flat belt drive the length of
belt in case of:
82. The radial pressure and hoop tension A. Open belt depends on sum of the
for a thick cylinder is: diameters of pulleys
A. Maximum at inner surface and B. Open belts depends on difference of the
decreases towards outer surface (ANS) diameters of pulleys
B. Minimum at inner surface and increases C. Cross belts depends on the sum of the
towards outer surface diameters of pulleys (ANS)
C. Minimum at inner and outer surfaces D. Cross belts depends on the difference of
D. Maximum at inner and outer surfaces the diameters of pulleys

83. Autofrettage is the method of: 89. Module can be expressed in:
A. Calculating stresses in thick cylinders A. mm
B. Relieving thick cylinders B. mm/no. of teeth (ANS)
C. Prestressing thick cylinders (ANS) C. Dimensionless
D. Increasing life of thick cylinders D. mm/mm

84. Ties are load carrying members that 90. A reverted gear train is one in which:
carry: A. The direction of rotation of first and last
A. Torsional loads gear is opposite
B. Axial compressive loads B. The direction of rotation of first and last
C. Axial tension loads (ANS) gear is the same
D. Transverse loads C. The first and last gears are on the same
shaft (ANS)
8S. If the areas of cross-sections of square 0. The first and last gears are essentially on
and circular beams are same and both are separate but parallel shafts.
put to equal bending moment, then the
correct statement is: 91. In case of spur gears the flank of the
A. The circular beam is more economical tooth is:
B. The square beam is more economical A. The part of the tooth surface lying
(ANS) below the pitch surface (ANS)
C. Both the beams are equally strong B. The curve forming face and flank
D. Both the beams are equally economical C. The width of the gear tooth measured
axially along the pitch surface
86. The Biflar suspension method is used to D. The surface of the top of the tooth.
find out:
A. Position of balancing weights 92. In case of cross helical worm the axes
B. Centripetal acceleration of two shafts are:
C. Natural frequency of vibration A. Parallel
0. Moment of inertia (ANS) B. Intersecting
C. Non-parallel
87. Slip in belt drive is: D. Non-parallel and non-intersecting (ANS)
A. Loss of power
M:W:M MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 9 - ELEMENTS

93. In case of gears the addendum is given 100. In testing a material for endurance
by:
A. One module (ANS)
strength, it is subjected to:
A. Static load
MODULE 9 Ic
B. 2.157 x module B. Impact load
1. Vickers, Knoop and Brine!! are all names
C. 1.57 x module C. Dynam ic load
of:
D. 1.25/module D. Completely reversed load (ANS)
A. Nobel prize in winners in metallurgy
B. Thermodynamic constants
94. In case of helical gears the axial pitch is
C. Hardness tests (ANS)
given by:
D. Magnetic constants
A. Diametral pitch/sine of helix angle
B. Diametral pitch/cosine of helix angle
2. Which of the following is not a method
C. Diametral pitch/cotangent of helix angle
by which a single lap joint usually fails?
D. diametral pitch/tangent of helix angle
A. The rivets shear
{ANS)
B. The plate fails in bearing 3
C. The plate fails in tension c
95. A cam where in the follower
D. The rivet fail in tension (ANS)
reciprocates or oscillates in a plane parallel
to the axis of the cam is called:
3. Which type of the hardening will work to
A. Cylindrical cam (ANS)
some extent in all metals?
B. Reciprocating cam
A. Austenizing
C. None of the above
B. Annealing
D. Circular cam
C. Work hardening {ANS)
D. Shot-peening
96. Rope brake dynamometer uses:
A. Oil as lubricant
4. What do impact tests determine?
B. Water as lubricant
A. Toughness (ANS)
C. Grease as lubricant
B. Yield strength
D. No lubricant (ANS)
C. Hardness
D. Creep strength
97. Which of the following dynamometer is
widely used for absorption of wide range of
5. The hardness of steel may be increased
powers at wide range of speeds?
by heating to approximately 1500° and
A. Hydraulic brake (ANS)
quenching in oil or water if:
B. Belt transmission
A. The carbon content is above 3.0% _l
C. Rope brake
B. The carbon content is from 0.2% to
D. Electric generator
2.0% (ANS) s.
C. The carbon content is below 0.2%
98. Cold working:
D. All carbon is removed and the steel
A. Increases the fatigue strength (ANS)
contains only chromium, nickel,
B. Decreases the fatigue strength
manganese, or a combination of these.
C. Has no influence on fatigue strength
D. None of the above
6. One of the main difference between cast sa
iron and steel is that:
99. Coaxing is the procedure of increasing:
A. Steel has a higher silicon content
A. Metal strength by cycling
B. Metal hardness by surface treatment
B. Steel always contains alloying metals .
"-
such as nickel, chromium, manganese and 6.
C. Metal resistance to corrosion by coating
D. Fatique limit by overstressing the metal vanadium c.
by successively increasing loadings {ANS)
MODULE 9 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN
•••
c. Steel cannot be annealed whereas cast
MODULE 9 iron can
o. Steel has a lower carbon content (ANS)
-· Vickers, Knoop and Brinell are all names 7. The yield strength of common yellow
of: brass (70% Cu, 30%Zn) can be increased by:
.\. Nobel prize in winners in metallurgy A. Annealing
3. Thermodynamic constants B. Heat treatment
C. Hardness tests (ANS) C. Cold working (ANS)
::>. Magnetic constants D. Chill casting

2. Which of the following is not a method 8. Which of the following factors will affect
:;y which a single lap joint usually fails? the hardenability of steel?
The rivets shear A. Composition only
3. The plate fails in bearing B. Grain size only
: . The plate fails in tens ion C. Composition and grain size (ANS)
). The rivet fail in tension (ANS) D. Cooling rate

3. Which type of the hardening will work to 9. The mechanical deformation of a
some extent in all metals? material at a temperature above its
Austenizing recrystallization temperature is commonly
3. Annealing known as:
:. Work hardening (ANS} A. Hot working (ANS)
. Shot-peening B. Strain aging
C. Grain growth
- What do impact tests determine? D. Cold working
Toughness (ANS)
_ Yield strength 10. Which of the following ropes will be
: Hardness most flexible?
:. Creep strength A. 6x19
B. 6 x 7
: The hardness of steel may be increased c. 8 x 19
_ heating to approximately 1500° and D. 6 x 37 (ANS)
_Jenching in oil or water if:
- The carbon content is above 3.0% 11. Muntz metal contains:
•• The carbon content is from 0.2% to A. Copper-nickel
: .0% (ANS) 8. Copper-zinc (ANS)
: The carbon content is below 0.2% c. Copper-aluminum
All carbon is removed and the steel D. None of these
_ntain s only chromium, nickel,
-anganese, or a combination of these. 12. Under very low deformation and at
high temperature, it is possible to have
One of the main difference between cast some plastic flow in a crystal at a shear
n and steel is that: stress lower than the critical shear stress.
Steel has a higher silicon content What is the phenomenon called?
Steel always contains alloying metals A. Slip
h as nickel, chromium, manganese and B. Shear
C. Creep (ANS)
D. Bending
••• MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 9 - ELEME

13. Honing is used: 20. A hydrostatic bearing is one in which: 26. Arc of the pitch circle through whic.- a
A. To remove only small amount of metal A. There is no lube oil tooth travels from the point of contact v. --
B. To correct axial run-out of a bore B. Bearing is slightly loaded the mating tooth to the pitch point o' a
C. To correct out-of-roundness of a bore C. Lube oil is not pressurized gear:
D. On surfaces brought to high degree to D. The lube oil is supplied under pressure A. Arc of recess
surface finish (ANS) (ANS) B. Arc of action
C. Arc of approach (ANS)
14. A special metal formed when two or 21. A partial bearing is one in which: 0. Arc of relief
more metals are melted together. A. The bearing is supplied with less oil than
A. Alloy (ANS) full bearing 27. Which of the following steel conta _
B. Compound B. The bearing encloses less than 360 deg chromium?
C. Titanium of the journal (ANS) A. SAE 2340
D. Brass C. The bearing is slightly loaded B. SAE 4230
D. The bearing is supplied with 0 1 C. SAE S240 (ANS)
15. In a standard coarse thread bolt, the intermittently D. SAE 1230
stress concentration is maximum at:
A. Root (ANS) 22. For a completely corrosion-resistant 28. Splines are used when:
B. Top stainless steel, what minimum percentage A. The power to be transmitted is high
C. Pitch of chromium in the alloy is required? B. The torque is high
D. Flank A. 3.2% C. The speed is high
B. 7.3% D. Axial relative motion between sha"-
16. Fatigue strength of a surface may be C. 11% (ANS) and hub is necessary (ANS)
increased by: 0. 15%
A. Cold w orking 29. Instrument used to analyze ·-::
B. Hot wo rking 23. Which of the following would most composition of metals:
C. Polishing the surface (ANS) likely require a steel containing 0.6% carbon A. Spectrometer (ANS)
D. Quenching that has been spheroidized, cold-drawn, B. Radiometer
and slightly tempered? C. Profilometer
17. Belt slip may take place because of: A. A ball bearing 0. Ultimate analyzer
A. Loose load B. A bridge beam
B. Driving pulley too small C. A water pipe 30. An impact test is used to test a me•:
C. Heavy belt D. A cutting tool (ANS) for:
D. All of the above (ANS) A. Toughness (ANS)
24. Modulus of elasticity of a steel member B. Strength
18. The curve that is generally used as the is: C. Ductility
profile of gear teeth: A. A function of the length and width D. Hardness
A. Hypoid B. Defined as the unit shear stress divided
B. Epicycloids by the unit shear deformation (ANS) 31. Poisson's ratio is the ratio of the.
C. Involute (ANS) C. Equal to the modulus of elasticity A. Unit lateral deformation to the -
0 . Cycloid divided one plus Poisson's ratio longitudinal deformation (ANS)
0. Defined as the length divided by the B. Unit stress to unit strain
19. In roller chain drive, the center-to- moment of inertia C. Elastic limit to proportional limit
center distance between the sprockets, as a D. Shear strain to compressive strain
general rule, should be between 25. The property of matter which causes it
times the pitch. to resist any change in its motion or state of 32. Creep is the term used in referr·ng ·-
A. 30 to 50 (ANS) rest: the:
B. 45 to 65 A. Momentum A. Elongation before yield point
C. 60 to 80 B. Inertia (ANS) B. Maximum stress of brittle materials
o. 75to95 C. Impulse
D. Friction
MODULE 9 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN
•••
26. Arc of the pitch circle through which a C. Fatigue limit of ductile materials
oath travels from the point of contact with D. Continuous increase in the strain, or
the mating tooth to the pitch point of a deformation, of any material subjected to
gear: stress (ANS)
A. Arc of recess
8. Arc of action 33. Creep strength of a material is the:
C. Arc of approach (ANS) A. Maximum stress before yield point
0. Arc of relief B. Constant stress to which a material is
loaded, at a specified temperature and for
27. Which of the following steel contains a specified time, that will cause a further
chromium? elongation (ANS)
A. SAE 2340 C. Maximum stress before fatigue limit
3. SAE 4230 D. Maximum stress before rupture of
C. SAE S240 (ANS) ductile materials
J. SAE 1230
34. Which is not a heat treatment process?
28. Splines are used when: A. Sintering {ANS)
A. The power to be transmitted is high B. Annealing
8. The torque is high C. Hardening
::. The speed is high D. Tempering
:>. Axial relative motion between shaft
and hub is necessary (ANS) 35. When a steel i.s described as SAE 1320:
A. It is plain carbon steel
~9. Instrument used to analyze the B. It is nickel-chromium steel
;:omposition of metals: C. It contains 18% to 23% carbon
A. Spectrometer (ANS) D. It contains 0.18% to 0.23% carbon (ANS)
3. Radiometer
: . Profilometer 36. In roller chain drive, the chain should
:>. Ultimate analyzer extend around at least _ _ _ degrees of
the pinion circumference, and this
30. An impact test is used to test a metal maximum amount of contact is obtained for
'or: all center distances provided the ratio is less
.\. Toughness (ANS) than 3 Y, to 1.
3. Strength A. 90
:. Ductility B. 105
:>. Hardness C. 120 (ANS)
D. 135
31. Poisson's ratio is the ratio of the:
Unit lateral deformation to the unit 37. The circle form which an involute tooth
ongitudinal deformation (ANS) of a gear is generated or developed:
3 Unit stress to unit strain A. Root circle
: Elastic limit to proportional limit B. Base circle (ANS)
:>. Shear strain to compressive strain C. Dedendum
D. Mohr's circle
32. Creep is the term used in referring to
- e: 38. The product of the mass and the linear
Elongation before yield point velocity of a body:
- . Maximum stress of brittle materials A. Angular impulse
B. Angular momentum
••• MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 9 - ELEMENTS 1

C. Linear impulse 45. Heating and slow cooling of metal: C. Indexer
D. Linear momentum (ANS) A. Normalizing D. Torsiometer
B. Annealing (ANS)
39. Steels containing large amounts of mild C. Surface hardening 52 . Distance from the center of one tooth
nickel and chromium : D. Cold rolling of a gear to the center of the next
A. Carbon steel consecutive tooth measured on the pitch
B. Stainless steel (ANS) 46. Steel that has been deoxidized with a A. Diametral pitch
C. Alloy steel strong deoxidizing agent such as silicon or B. Pitch circle
D. Cast steel aluminum in order to eliminate oxygen and C. Circular pitch (ANS)
carbon reaction during solidification: D. Module
40. The stress in an elastic material is: A. Rimmed steel
A. Inversely proportional to the yield B. Stainless steel 53. The process of heating a piece of steel
strength of the material C. Killed steel (ANS) to a temperature within or above t he
B. Inversely proportional to the force acting D. Monel critical range and cooling rapidly :
C. Proportional to the displacement of the A. Annealing
material acted upon by the force (ANS) 47. A kind of gear used for heavy duty work B. Normalizing
D. Proportional to the length of the where a large ratio of speed is required and C. Hardening (ANS)
material subject to the force are extensively used in speed reducer . D. Quenching
A. Hypoid gear
41 . The amount by which the width of a B. Cycloid gear 54. A machine tool in which metal is
tooth space exceeds the thickness of the C. Bevel gear removed by means of a revolving cutte r
engaging tooth on the pitch circle of the D. Worm gear (ANS) with many teeth, each tooth having a
gear: cutting edge which removes its share of t he
A. Clearance 48. A group of thin steel strip for measuring stock.
B. Tip relief clearances: A. Milling machine (ANS)
C. Backlash (ANS) A. Depth gage B. Lathe
D. Chordal addendum B. Lien center gage C. Drill
C. Feeler gage (ANS) D. Grinder
42 . An impact test for which the specimen D. Lay-out gage
is supported at one end as a cantilever: 55 . Welding operation in which a non-
A. lzod test (ANS) 49. An imaginary circle passing thru the ferrous filler metal melts at a temperature
B. Charpy test points at which the teeth of meshing gears below that of the metal joined but heated
C. Brinnel test contact each other: above 450°C.
D. Endurance test A. Pitch circle (ANS) A. Filled weld
B. Base circle B. Soldering
43. Permissible variation of size of a C. Addendum C. Brazing (ANS)
dimension: D. Dedendum D. TIG weld ing
A. Clearance
B. Variation 50. A device for accurately measuring 56. The process of checking or producing
C. Tolerance (ANS) diameter: checkers on the surface of a piece by ro lling
D. Deviation A. Feeler gage checkered depressions into the surface:
B. Laser A. Indexing
44. Heating or cooling of steel that C. Micrometer (ANS) B. Knurling (ANS)
produces a rounded form of carbide: D. Diametometer C. Quenching
A. Normalizing D. Soldering
B. Embrittleness 51. A hand tool used to measure tension in
C. Spheroidizing (ANS) bolts: 57 . Steels can be strengthened all of the
D. Annealing A. Tensometer following EXCEPT:
B. Torque wrench (ANS) A. Annealing (ANS)
B. Quenching and tempering
MODULE 9 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN
•••
: Indexer C. Work hardening
~ Torsiometer D. Age precipation

:2. Distance from the center of one tooth 58. Modulus of resilience is:
:f a gear to the center of the next A. The same as the modulus of elasticity
~nsecutive tooth measured on the pitch: B. A measure of the materials ability to
~ Diametral pitch store strain energy (ANS)
Pitch circle C. Reciprocal of modulus of elasticity
• Circular pitch (ANS) D. Measure of the deflection of a member
Module
59. The linear portion of the stress-strain
:3. The process of heating a piece of steel diagram of steel is known as:
a temperature within or above the A. Modulus of elasticity
- itical range and cooling rapidly: B. Plastic range
- Annealing C. Elastic range (ANS)
~ Normalizing D. None of the above
• Hardening (ANS)
: Quenching 60. The area of the shear diagram of a
beam between any two points on the beam
A machine tool in which metal is is equal to the:
:moved by means of a revolving cutter A. Change in shear between two points
· h many teeth, each tooth having a B. Average moment between the two
....itting edge which removes its share of the points
ock. C. Change on moment between the two
Milling machine (ANS) points (ANS)
. Lathe D. Change in the deflection between the
two points

61. The three moment equation may be
Welding operation in which a non- used to analyze :
rous filler metal melts at a temperature A. Continuous beam (ANS)
::ielow that of the metal joined but heated B. Beam loaded at the third points
·cove 450°C. C. Three moment composite beam
Filled weld D. Axially-loaded beam

62. Poisson's ratio is the ratio of the:
A. Unit lateral deformation to the unit
longitudinal deformation (ANS)
5-5. The process of checking or producing B. Unit stress to the unit strain
eckers on the surface of a piece by rolling C. Elastic limit to proportional limit
eckered depressions into the surface: D. Elastic limit to ultimate strength
-- Indexing
•• Knurling (ANS) 63 . A structure has five unknown reactions
acting on the structure. Three equations of
static equilibrium have been written. To
complete the analysis, which of the
;J . Steels can be strengthened all of the following equations would be needed?
!lowing EXCEPT: A. Two dynamic equations (ANS)
Annealing (ANS) B. Three member deformation equations
~ Quenching and tempering
••• MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 9 - ELEMENTS

C. Three more static equil ibrium equations 70. The ratio of the stress acting on an A. Stress
D. Two member deformation equations elastic substance to the decrease in volume B. Strain
per unit volume: C. Elongation (ANS) ;.
64. For most metals Poisson's ratio lies in A. Bulk modulus (ANS) D. Yield line B
the range : B. Poisson's ratio
A. 0.25- 0.35 C. Volumetric ratio 77. An alloy of copper and zinc:
B. 0.30 - 0.40 D. Strain A. Brass (ANS)
c. 0.35 - 0.45 B. Zinc
0. 0.40- 0.50 (ANS) 71 . The maximum stress induced in a C. Bronze
material subjected to alternating or D. Tin
65. An operation of sizing and finishing a repeated loading without causing failure: 8.
hole by means of a cutting tool having A. Elasticity 78. Which of the following metals is easy to
several cutting edges: B. Endurance stress (ANS) chisel?
A. Planning C. Yield stress A. Cast iron (ANS)
B. Reaming (ANS) D. Ultimate stress B. Alloy steel 55
C. Boring C. Cast steel
D. Drilling 72. A material that can wear away a 0 . Manganese steel !\..
substance softer than itself: a.
66. Kind of chuck which has five reversible A. Tungsten 79. The commonly used joint in cast iron (_
jaws which could be adjusted properly: B. Abrasive {ANS) pipe: D.
A. Universal chuck C. Corrosive A. Bell and spigot joint {ANS)
B. Live chuck D. Carbon B. Compression joint
C. Chuck Connors C. Expansion joint
0. Independent chuck (ANS) 73. In a long column (slenderness ratio < D. None of the above
160), which of the following has the s.
67. The maximum bending moment of a greatest influence on its tendency to buckle 80. A machine tool used principally to (_
beam simply supported on both ends and under a compressive load? machine flat or plane surfaces with a single !).
subject to tota l load W uniformly A. Modulus of elasticity pointed cutting tool.
distributed over its length L is expressed by B. Radius of gyration (ANS) A. Shaper (ANS)
the formula: C. Moment of inertia B. Planer
A. WL/8 D. None of the above C. Hacksaw
2
B. WL /8 (ANS) D. Drill B.
C. WL/2 74. Materials, usually ceramics, employed (_
D. WL/4 where resistance to a very high 81. The maximum stress to which a D.
temperature is required, as for furnace material can be subjected to without a
68. When machining nickel alloys the best linings and metal melting pots. trace of any permanent set remaining upon 8S
type of cutting fluid is: A. Bricks a complete withdrawal of the stress. A.
A. Sulfurized oil (ANS) B. Refractories (ANS) A. Yield stress (
B. Straight mineral C. Insulators B. Elastic limit (ANS) B.
C. Soluble oil D. Conductors C. Fracture c
D. Al of these D. Ultimate strength 0.
75. Which process do not belong to the
69. Hardening the surface of iron based group? 82. Usually copper-tin alloy: 89
alloys by heating them below the melting A. Malleable iron A. Brass ao
point in contact with the carbonaceous B. Gray iron B. Bronze (ANS) pr·
substance: C. White iron C. Monet A.
A. Nitriding O. Head iron (ANS) D. lnconel B.
B. Cyaniding c.
C. Carburlzing (ANS) 76. Total deformation measured along in 83 . A hollow shaft made of plain carbon 0.
D. Quenching the direction of the line of stress: steel contains 0.35% carbon is mounted on
A. Stress
B. Strain
MODULE 9 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN

C. Elongation (ANS)
shaft will composed of:
A. UN5 G 1035
-
bearings 20 ft apart. The material of the

D. Yield line B. SAE 1030
C. AISI C1035 (ANS)
77 . An alloy of copper and zinc: D. SAE 6150
A. Brass (ANS)
B. Zinc 84. Fluid film desire between two surfaces
C. Bronze having relative sliding motion:
J. Tin A. Grease
B. Lubrication (ANS)
78. Which of the following metals is easy to C. Margin
::hisel? D. Clearance
A. Cast iron (ANS)
3. Alloy steel 85. Which of the following is not a strength
C. Cast steel property of a material?
J . Manganese steel A. Endurance strength
B. Tensile strength
9. The commonly used joint in cast iron C. Torsional strength
D. Elastic resilience (ANS)

. Compression joint 86. The method of cold working by
: Expansion joint compression .
. None of the above A. Reaming
B. Piercing (ANS)
A machine tool used principally to C. Tuning
achine flat or plane surfaces with a single D. Boring
:ointed cutting tool.
Shaper (ANS) 87. An alloying element used principally to
produce stainless steel.
A. Zinc
8. Tantalum
C. Titanium
The maximum stress to which a D. Chromium (ANS)
aterial can be subjected to without a
-ace of any permanent set remaining upon 88. A hydrostatic bearing is one in which:
- complete withdrawal of the stress. A. The lube oil is supplied under pressure
- Yield stress (ANS)
- Elastic limit (ANS) B. There is marginal lubrication
C. The lube oil is not pressurized
D. The bearing is lightly loaded

. Usually copper-tin alloy: 89. The process of working metals by the
application of sudden blows on by a steady
pressure.
A. Casting
B. Forging (ANS)
C. Tempering
. A hollow shaft made of plain carbon D. Peening
~el contains 0.35% carbon is mounted on
MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 10 - ELEMEN

90. Herringbone gears are gears which: C. Tubing bronze
A. Do not operate on parallel shafts
B. Have a line contact between the teeth
D. Brass
MODULE 10
(ANS) 97. One of the following is not a tap used
C. Consist of two left handed helical gears for cutting threads in holes. 1. Ratio of the lateral strain to longitud·na
0 . Tend to produce and trust on the shafts A.. Tapping tap (ANS) strain when loaded longitudina'ly
B. Plug tap tension.
91. Subjecting a substance to a high C. Taper tap A.. Poisson's ratio (ANS}
temperature below the fusion point, usually D. Bottoming tap B. Strain modulus
to make it friable. C. Strain ratio
A. Calcination 98. A material is to be drawn into a wire. It D. Tension ratio
B. Fusion (ANS) must therefore posses the property of:
C. Boiling A. Toughness 2. A shaft is to be checked for concentr'
D. Forging B. Ductility (ANS) A suitable method of performing t he ched:
C. Malleability is by:
92. A machining operation whereby the D. Hardness A. Bench micrometer
tool reciprocates and the feed is stationary B. Snap gage
is called: 99. When cast steel is used for the body of C. Manometer
A. Planning machine it is used because : D. Bench centers and dial indicator (ANSJ
B. Shaping (ANS) A. It has non-magnetic properties
C. Turning B. It has good-self lubricating properties 3. The following pertain to joining of metals
0. Reaming (ANS} EXCEPT:
C. It is cheap A. Welding
93. The clearance between tooth profiles of D. It is strong in tension B. Soldering
gear tooth C. Casting (ANS)
A. Rack 100. One of the following is unsuitable for D. Brazing
B. Dedendum bearings.
C. Addendum A. White metal (ANS) 4. Killed steel is always associated with:
D. Backlash (ANS} B. Mild steel A. Silicon (ANS}
C. Cast iron B. Manganese
94. The internal stresses existing in a D. Nylon C. Phosphorous
welded connection are : D. Sulfur
A. Not relieved by heat treatment
B. Not relieved when the weld is peened 5. The good deoxidizer in steel melt ing:
(ANS) A. Manganese
C. Maybe relieved when the weld is peened B. Silicon
D. Relieved by x-rays analysis C. All of these (ANS)
D. Alum inum
95. Which of the following Is not a kind of
mandrel? 6. Good stabilizer in stainless steel:
A. Expansion mandrel A. Columbium
B. Gang mandrel B. Titanium
C. Contraction mandrel (ANS} C. All of these (ANS)
D. Taper mandrel D. Tantalum

96. A non-ferrous all consists of nickel and 7. Alloy that improves strength of stee a·
copper: high temperature application :
A. Monel (ANS) A. Tungsten
B. Bronze B. Molybdenum
MODULE 10 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN Mu#M

C. All of these (ANS)
MODULE 10 D. Chromium

8. Tooth width measured along the chord
1. Ratio of the lateral strain to longitudinal at the pitch circle:
strain when loaded longitudinally in A. Flank
tension. B. Face width
A. Poisson's ratio (ANS) C. Width of space
B. Strain modulus D. Chordal thickness (ANS)
C. Strain ratio
0. Tension ratio 9. It is the difference of addendum and
dedendum with equivalent the whole depth
2. A shaft is to be checked for concentricity. less working depth:
A suitable method of performing the check A. Fillet space
is by: B. Fillet radius
A. Bench micrometer C. Clearance (ANS)
B. Snap gage D. Backlash
C. Manometer
D. Bench centers and dial indicator {ANS) 10. Negative allowance is also called:
A. Interference of metal (ANS)
3. The following pertain to joining of metals B. Tolerance
EXCEPT: C. Fit
A. Welding D. None of the above
B. Soldering
C. Casting (ANS) 11. The distance a helical gear or worm
D. Brazing would thread along its axis in one
revolution if it were free to move axially is
4. Killed steel is always associated with: called :
A. Silicon (ANS) A. Length of action
B. Manganese B. Line of action
C. Phosphorous C. Land
D. Sulfur D. Lead (ANS)

5. The good deoxidizer in steel melting: 12. Reinstall or secondhand boilers shall
A. Manganese have a minimum factor of safety of:
B. Silicon A. 6 (ANS)
C. All of these (ANS) B. 5
D. Aluminum c. 4
D. 3
6. Good stabilizer in stainless steel:
A. Columbium 13. Secondhand boilers when the
B. Titanium longitudinal seams are of lap riveted
C. All of these (ANS) construction, the minimum factor of safety
D. Tantalum is:
A. 5 (ANS)
7. Alloy that improves strength of steel at B. 4
high temperature application: c. 3
A. Tungsten D. 2
B. Molybdenum
.,.•• MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 10 - ELEMENTS I

14. The lowest factor of safety permissible A. Fillet curve (ANS) 26. Dimensions from which variations are
on existing installations: B. Fillet permitted:
A. 4.5 (ANS) C. Undercut A. basic dimension (Ans)
B. 4 D. Plane B. nominal size
c. 3 C. clearance
D. 2 21. In a pair of gears it is the plane that D. tolerance
contains the two axis, in single gear, it may
15. Horizontal Return Tubular Boilers be any plane containing the axis and the 27. 1 kw is equivalent to:
having continuous lap seams more than given point. A. 57 Btu/min (Ans)
3650 mm in length, the factor of safety is: A. Axial plane (ANS) B. 764 hp
A. 9 (ANS) B. Pitch plane C. 41 kcal/sec
B. 5 C. Normal plane D. 44,200 ft-lb/sec
c. 6 D. All of the above
D. 4.5 28 . The most important factor in
22 . Which of the following is not a determining high temperature behavior of
16. The curve formed by the path of a point structural class of steel? an alloy is:
on a circle as it rolls along a straight line. A. low carbon steel A. dispersion
A. Cycloid (ANS) B. stainless steel B. ionization
B. Involute C. medium carbon steel C. crystallization
C. Undercut D. tool and die steel (Ans) D. composition (Ans)
D. Trochoid
23. The section modulus of a rectangle of 29. What is the standard temperature in
17. The curve formed by the path of a point base "b" and height "h" about its base is: the U.S.?
on a straight line as it rolls along a convex 2 A. Fahrenheit (Ans)
base curve. A.~ (Ans) B. Rankine
A. Involute (ANS) 6
C. Celcius
B. Cycloid bh 3 D. Kelvin
B.
C. Trochoid 3
D. Fillet 30. Galvanized iron is a term referring to
bh 2
c. - - iron coated with:
18. The curve formed by the path of a point
12
A. aluminum
on the extension of a circle as it rolls along a bh 3 B. tin
D.
curved or line. 12 C. zinc (Ans)
A. Trochoid (ANS) D. manganese
B. Cycloid 24. A material that should be avoided in
C. Involute construction wood pattern: 31. All are functions of lubricating oil
D. Undercut A. sap wood {Ans) except:
B. kiln dried wood A. adhesion (Ans)
19. A condition in generated gear teeth C. heart wood B. corrosion_ prevention
when any part of the fillet curve lies inside D. core portion of wood C. act as a coolant
of a line drawn tangent to the working D. to lighten the load
profile at its lowest point. 25. The gradual chemical reaction by other
A. Undercut (ANS) substance such that metal is converted to 32. For grinding materials having low
B. Trochoid an oxide or other compounds: tensile strength which abrasive is used:
C. Fillet A. corrosion (Ans) A. silicon carbide (Ans)
D. Involute B. cheaping B. aluminum oxide
C. rusting C. emery
20. The concave portion of the tooth D. weathering D. corundum
profile where it joins the bottom of the
tooth space.
MODULE 10 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN Wu#M

26. Dimensions from which variations are 33. What will be the effect in bushing gears
permitted: without backlash?
A. basic dimension (Ans) A. jamming
B. nominal size B. overheating
C. clearance C. overload
D. tolerance D. all of these (Ans)

27. 1 kw is equivalent to: 34. A metal which has a high electrical
A. 57 Btu/min (Ans) conductivity but should not be used for high
B. 764 hp temperature of metal:
C. 41 kcal/sec A. silicon
D. 44,200 ft-lb/sec B. zinc (Ans)
C. chrome alloy
28. The most important factor in D. carbide
determining high temperature behavior of
an alloy is: 35. Main alloying element in high speed
A. dispersion steel is:
B. ionization A. chrom ium
C. crystallizati on B. vanadium
D. composition (Ans) C. tungsten (Ans)
D. nickel
29. What is the standard temperature in
th e U.S.? 36. Improves red hardness of steel:
A. Fahrenheit (Ans) A. chrom ium
B. Rank ine B. cobalt (Ans)
C. Celcius C. boron
D. Kelvin D. lead

30. Galvanized iron is a term referring to 37. The best instrument for measuring a
iron coated with: thousand of an inch:
A. aluminum A. micrometer (Ans)
B. tin B. tachometer
C. zinc (Ans) C. caliper
D. manganese D. pyrometer

31. All are functions of lubricating oil 38. Range of helix angle on helical gear:
except: A. less than 18
A. adhesion (Ans) B. 15 - 25 (Ans)
B. corrosion_ prevention c. 20- 35
C. act as a coolant D. 35-40
D. to lighten the load
39. If p = bearing pressure on projected
32. For grinding materials having low bearing areas, z = absolute viscosity of
tensile strength which abrasive is used: lubricant, and N =speed of journal, then the
A. silicon carbide (Ans) bearing characteristic number is:
B. aluminum oxide A. zN/p (Ans)
C. emery B. z/pN
D. corundum C. zp/N
D. p/zN
., .•• MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO

40. Is the permissible variable of the size of C. phosphorous
MODULE 10 - ELEMENTS I

52. What is the metal characteristic to
a dimension: D. silicon (Ans) withstand forces that cause twisting?
A. tolerance (Ans) A. torsional strength (Ans)
B. allowance 47. A type of welding whereby a wire or B. modulus of elasticity
C. clearance powder form the nozzle of a spray gun is C. twisting moment
D. interference fused by a gas flame, arc or plasma jet and D. elasticity
the molten particles are projected in form
41. SAE steel that responds to heat of a spray by means of compressed air or 53. In greater quantity this element is
treatment: gas. harmful to the ferrous metal:
A. SAE 1060 A. electro-slug building A. sulfur (Ans)
B. SAE 1117 (Ans) B. electro-beam welding B. silicon
C. SAE 1030 C. plasma-arc welding C. zinc
D. SAE 1020 D. metal spray welding (Ans) D. aluminum

42. The differential of the shear equation is 48. Heating of metal above the critical 54. To prevent leakage in dynamic seal:
which one of the following: temperature and then cooling slowly A. gaskets
A. bending moment of the beam usually in the furnace to reduce the B. seals
B. load of the beam (Ans) hardness and improve the machinability is C. felts
C. tensile strength of the beam called: D. packings (Ans)
D. slope of the elastic curve A. normalizing
B. annealing (Ans) 55. It has molybdenum alloy steel, except:
43 . To redu ce cost in the manufacturing of C. tempering A. SAE 43xx
large worm gears the materials to utilize: D. quenching B. SAE 41XX
A. alloyed aluminum rim with cast iron C. SAE 6xxx (Ans)
spider
B. bronze rim with cast steel spider (Ans)
49. Major component of bronze casting:
A. copper (Ans)
0. SAE 47xx
'
(

C. all of these B. manganese 56. A type of gear cut inside a cylinder or
D. cast iron rim with bronze spider C. zinc ring:
D. lead A. rack gear
44. It is hardening treatment whereby a B. ring gear
cast metal is being heated to a very high 50. Commonly utilized/cheapest shaft C. miter gear
temperature then suddenly subjected to material available in the market with D. internal gear (Ans)
rapid cooling to improve hardenability or carbon content of 0.28 to 0.34% C.
wear resistance is called: A. SAE 4132 57. Flexible material used to seal
A. normalizing B. SAE 4320 pressurized fluids, normally under dynamic
B. tempering C. SAE 1030 (Ans) condition:
c. quenching (Ans) D. SAE 4130 A. nylon
D. annealing B. seal
51. Alloy steel known for its resistance to C. Teflon
45. The length of arc between the two corrosion, abrasion and wear that is usually D. packing (Ans)
sides of a gear tooth on the pitch circle: ideal for mill grinding of ore in cement and
A. circular thickness (Ans) concentrator application . It is usually 58. Cast alloy steel for very high
B. axial plane combined with molybdenum to increase temperature application:
C. helix angle the depth hardening. A. manganese-nickel steel castings
D. chordal curves A. manganese chromium steel B. high chrome steel castings
B. chromlum-moly steel (Ans) C. chrome-nickel steel castings (Ans)
46. Killed steel is very much associated C. chrome-nickel-moly alloy D. high manganese castings
with: 0. manganese-moly steel
59. What heat treatment process can cast 3
A. manganese
B. sulphur steel materials of high chrome, high
MODULE 10 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN Ml16W

S2. What is the metal characteristic to manganese, etc. type steel be subjected for
withstand forces that cause twisting? the purpose of machining process ?
A. torsional strength (Ans) A. annealing (Ans)
6. modulus of elasticity 6. tempering
C. twisting moment C. normalizing
D. elasticity 0. quenching

S3. In greater quantity th is element is 60. Galvanized steel plate is a plate coated
harmful to the ferrous metal: with:
A. sulfur (Ans) A. aluminum
6. silicon 6. tin
C. zinc C. zinc (Ans)
D. aluminum D. manganese

S4. To prevent leakage in dynamic seal: 61. Major component of bronze casting:
A. gaskets A. copper (Ans)
6. seals 6. manganese
c. felts C. zinc
0. packings (Ans) 0 . lead

SS. It has molybdenum alloy steel, except: 62. Fillet radius in machine parts is usually
A. SAE 43xx introduced to:
6. SAE 41XX A. improve the look of the parts
C. SAE 6xxx (Ans) 6. reduce concentration of stress and
0 . SAE 47xx extend life of the parts (Ans)
C. to avoid obstruction
S6. A type of gear cut inside a cylinder or D. necessary to lessen casting weights
ring:
A. rack gear 63. Heating of the material to a
6. ring gear temperature above the critical temperattire
C. miter gear and then cooling slowly usually in the
D. internal gear (Ans) furnace to reduce the hardness and
improve the machinability is called:
57. Flexible material used to seal A. annealing (Ans)
pressurized fluids, normally under dynamic 6. tempering
condition: C. normalizing
A. nylon D. quenching
B. seal
C. Teflon 64. A hydrostatic bearing is one which:
D. packing (Ans) A. the lube oil is supplied under pressure
(Ans)
58. Cast alloy steel for very high 6. lube oil is not pressurized
temperature application : C. there is no lube oil
A. manganese-nickel steel castings D. bearing is lightly loaded
6. high chrome steel castings
C. chrome-nickel steel castings (Ans) 65. One of the following materials is
D. high manganese castings unsuitable as a bearing:
A. Teflon
59. What heat treatment process can cast 6. low carbon steel (Ans)
steel materials of high chrome, high
MuMM MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 10 - ELEMENTS

C. cast iron B. outstanding performance that expects C. PME (Ans)
0 . nylon reward from management 0. CPM, ME and PME
C. confidence in foreman's ability to
66. Safety features that must be placed and perform well 78. Maximum plant capacity in wh ich a
maintained at machine, blacksmith, welding 0 . pride and enthusiasm to one-self (Ans) licensed ME is allowed to operate, tend or
and foundry shop: maintain:
A. safety goggle 73. A type of coupling that allows slight A. 300 kw
B. walkway guide amount of torsional/angular flexibility due B. 1000 kw
C. safety notices in markings (Ans) to introduction with some elastic material C. 2000 kw (Ans)
D. all of these cylindrically wrapped around the bolts in 0 . 3000 kw
the flange.
67. The angle, at the base of the cylinder of A. simple elastic bonded coupling 79. For a mechanical plant with capacity o'
an involute gear, that the tooth makes with B. elastic-material bushed coupling (Ans) 300 kw or over but not more than 2000 kw
the gear axis : C. elastic-material bonded coupling the personnel required must be at least one
A. base helix angle (Ans) D. all of these
B. pressure angle A. ME
C. arc of recess 74. Copper and most of its alloys can be B. PME
D. arc of approach hardened by: C. CPM, ME or PME
A. patenting 0. PME and ME (Ans)
68. A kind of thread that is generally used: B. cold working (Ans)
A. UNEC C. case hardening 80. The only accredited nationa
B. UNC (Ans) D. soaking organization for mechanical engineers.
C. UNF A. PME
0. UNEF 75. What happens to a drill if the operating B. NME
speed is to fast? C. PSME (Ans)
69. Which is not generally used as A. drill will crack 0 . POME
standard? B. drill will become overheated and will
A. ASTM bend 81. Which furnace do not belong to t e
B. SAE C. drill will become overheated and will be group?
C. IPS (Ans) drawn from steel (Ans) A. Bessemer
D. drill will become very dull and wear dust B. Open-hearth
0 . AISI C. Induction
76. To teach professional subjects in D. Puddling (Ans)
70. In a uniformly loaded simple beam, the mechanical engineering course, he must be
maximum vertical shearing force occurs: a duly licensed _ _ or Master's degree or 82. Which center is used for supporting
A. at the center Doctorate degree holder in Mechanical open end pipes, shells, etc. While turn ing o•
B. at the section of maximum moment Engineering. thread cutting in a lathe:
C. at the beam bottom fiber A. ME A. ball center
D. at either end support (Ans) B. CPM B. half center
C. PME (Ans) C. pipe center (Ans)
71. The capacity of metal to withstand load 0. CPM, ME and PME 0 . female center
without breaking is:
A. strength (Ans) 77. To operate, tend or maintain or to be 83. Steel completely deoxidized v/
B. stress incharge of the operation, tending or silicon.
C. elasticity maintenance of any mechanical works, A. rimmed steel
D. strain projects or plant of over 2,100 kw, he must B. killed steel (Ans)
be duly licensed _ __ . C. capped steel
72. Outstanding safety record contributes A. ME D. silicated steel
to: B. CPM
A. high productivity and quality work
MODULE 10 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN M(1dM

C. PME (Ans) 84. A ductile fracture is characterized by
D. CPM, ME and PME A. Rapid rate of crank propagation
B. Negligible deformation
78. Maximum plant capacity in which a C. Fragmentation into more than two
licensed ME is allowed to operate, tend or pieces
maintain: D. Appreciable plastic deformation prior to
A. 300 kw propagation of crack (Ans)
B. 1000 kw
C. 2000 kw (Ans) 85 . For a circular shaft subjected to torque
D. 3000 kw the value of shear stress is equal to
A. Is uniform throughout
79. For a mechanical plant with capacity of B. Has maximum value at the axis
300 kw or over but not more than 2000 kw, C. Has maximum value at the surface
the personnel required must be at least one D. Is zero at the axis and linearly increases
to a maximum value at the surface of the
A. ME shaft (Ans)
B. PM E
C. CPM, ME or PME 86. Cold working of materials
D. PME and ME (Ans) A. Increases the fatique strength (Ans)
B. Decreases the fatique strength
80. The only accredited national C. Does not change fatique strength
organization for mechanical engineers. D. None of the above
A. PME
B. NME 87. Which of the following are true
C. PSME (Ans) regarding creep?
D. POME I. It is caused by the diffusion of
vacancies to edge dislocations, permitting
81. Which furnace do not belong to the dislocation climb.
group? II. It involves the plastic deformation of
A. Bessemer materials at loads below the yield stress
B. Open-hearth Ill. It may involve whole grain sliding.
C. Induction A. I only
D. Puddling (Ans) B. II only
C. I and Ill
82. Which center is used for supporting D. I, II and Ill (Ans)
open end pipes, shells, etc. While turning or
thread cutting in a lathe: 88. Steel balls for ball bearings are
:\. ball center manufactured by
3. half center A. Turning
C. pipe center (Ans) B. Rolling
) . female center C. Casting
D. Cold heading (Ans)
Steel completely deoxidized with
89. Under which type of loading does
fatique occur?
A. static load
B. plane load
C. high load
D. repeated load (Ans)
MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 11 - ELEMENTS l

90. What does the Charpy impact test 0 . adjust variation of speed by varying the
measure? input to the engine (Ans) MODULE 11
I. The energy required to break a test
sample 96. The constituent that has a powerful 1. Are machine elements used to join
II. The strength of a test sample softening effect on cast iron and its lengths of shafting
Ill. The ductile to brittle transition point presence in cast iron reduces the ability of A. key
of metals the iron to retain carbon in chemical B. coupling (Ans)
A. I only combination is: C. clutch
B. II only A. silicon (Ans) 0 . hub
C. Ill only B. aluminum
0 . I and Ill (Ans) C. carbon 2. That property of a material wherein its
D. sulphur content is continuously distributed through
91. Which of the following best describes its entire volume :
the 0 .2% offset yield stress? 97. In resistance welding, the pressure is A. homogeneity (Ans)
A. It is the elastic limit after which a released: B. anisotropy
measurable plastic strain has occurred. A. just at the time of passing the current C. isotropy
B. It Is the stress at which the material B. during heating period 0. scarcity
plastically strains 0.2%. (Ans) C. after the weld cools (Ans)
C. It is the stress at which the material 0 . after completion of currents 3. The best proportional spring have an
elasticity strains 0.2%. index, C, of:
0. It is 0.2% below the fracture point of the 98. In general, what are the effects of cold A. 4to 7
material. working a metal? B. 7 to 9 (Ans)
A. increased strength and ductility C. 9 to 16
92. The ability of a material to absorb B. increased strength, decreased ductility o. 5 to 8
energy when deformed elastically and to (Ans)
return it when unloaded is known as: C. decreased strength and ductility 4. What belt speeds requires dynamics
A. creep 0. decreased strength, increased ductility balancing?
B. hardness A. more than 3000 fpm
C. toughness 99. If a material recovers its original B. more than 5000 fpm (Ans)
0 . resilience (Ans) dimensions, when the load is removed, it is C. more than 1800 fpm
called: 0. more than 6000 fpm
93. In order to realize the advantages of A. Plastic
fluid friction, it is essential to have: B. Elastic (Ans) 5. It is recommended for high speed
A. parallel oil film in bearing (Ans) C. Brittle application that the minimum number of
B. converging oil film 0 . Annealed teeth in small sprockets should be:
C. no oil film A. 26 to 30
0. diverging oil film 100. In case of a knuckle joint the pin is B. 12 to 16
most likely to fail in C. 26 to 28
94. Universal coupling is A. compression 0. 18 to 24 (Ans)
A. used for non-collinear shafts (Ans) B. shear
B. rigid coupling C. tension 6. A general center distance of
C. type of flange coupling 0. double shear (Ans) chain pitches is most desirable
0. used for collinear shafts A. 20to 25
B. 30 to SO (Ans)
95. The function of the governor is to: C. 50 to 80
A. store energy and give up whenever 0 . 60to 90
needed
B. regulate the speed during one cycle of a 7. Most popular soldering material.
prime mover A. 10/80
C. increase vibration of speed B. 45/55
MOC>ULE 11 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN -

MODULE 11 C. SO/SO (Ans)
D. 60/40

1. Are machine elements used to join 8. For wire rope the factor of safety for
lengths of shafting standing rope usually ranges from 3 to 4:
A. key for operating rope, this is
B. coupling (Ans) A. 5 to 12 (Ans)
C. clutch B. 10 to lS
D. hub C. 12 to lS
D. 8to12
2. That property of a material wherein its
content is continuously distributed through 9. Roller chain lubrication is designated I,
its entire volume: II, 111, IV which type does manual lubrication
A. homogeneity (Ans) belong?
B. anisotropy A. I (Ans)
C. isotropy B. II
D. scarcity c. Ill
D. IV
3. The best proportional spring have an
index, C, of: 10. Stresses that are independent of load:
A. 4to 7 A. endurance stress
B. 7 to 9 (Ans) B. operating stress
C. 9 to 16 C. shear stress
D. 5 to 8 D. residual stress (Ans)

4. What belt speeds requires dynamics 11. Foundation belts should be surrounded
balancing?
by a pipe steam with an inside diameter of
A. more than 3000 fpm at least 3 times the diameter of the anchor
B. more than 5000 fpm (Ans) bolt and a length of at least
C. more than 1800 fpm A. 18 times the bolt diameter (Ans)
D. more than 6000 fpm B. 16 times the bolt diameter
C. 19 times the bolt diameter
5. It is recommended for high speed D. 20 times the bolt diameter
application that the minimum number of
teeth in small sprockets should be: 12. Cast iron wheels with solid rim has a
A. 26 to 30 bursting speed of
B. 12 to 16 A. 395 fps (Ans)
C. 26 to 28 B. 194 fps
D. 18 to 24 (Ans) C. 2S8 fps
D. 22S fps
6. A general center distance of
chain pitches is most desirable 13. Which of the following has the least
A. 20 to 2S bursting speed
B. 30 to SO (Ans) A. cast iron wheels solid rims
C. SO to 80 B. wheels with jointed rims (Ans)
D. 60to 90 C. for link joints
D. wheel rim I-section
7. Most popular soldering material.
A. 10/80
14. The use of flat belt pulley is limited to
B. 4S/SS A. 8S00fpm
•••• MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 11 - ELEMENTS If\

B. 6000 fpm (Ans) 21. The depth of engagement of two gears, 28. The maximum safe rim speeds for solid p
C. 4500 fpm that is, sum of their addendums. cast iron pulley is g
D. 5200fpm A. whole depth A. 4200fpm A
B. backlash B. 5000 fpm (Ans) B
15. In general, when cutting hard and C. clearance C. 6500 fpm c
tough materials the relief angle should be D. working depth (Ans) D. 3800fpm
A. 6 to 8° (Ans)
B. 5 to 7° 22. Which is not a type classification of 29. It is a rigid piece of non-elastic
C. 8 to 12° spring services? substance which serves to transmit force c
D. 5 to 10° A. light from one piece to another ort o cause or
B. average control motion:
16. SAE llXX is intended for C. sever A. chain
A. plain carbon steels D. heavy (Ans) B. belt drive
B. higher sulfur content and easy C. link (Ans)
machining (Ans) 23. Concave portion of the tooth profile D. shaft
C. stainless steels where it joins the bottom of the tooth
D. high hardenability case space 30. Machine tools used in the production of
A. circular pitch flat surfaces on pieces to lays for a shaper
17. Reciprocal of the diametral pitch or B. flank A. turret lathe
ratio of pitch diameter to number of teeth C. fillet radius (Ans) B. shaper (Ans)
A. lead D. fillet C. boring mill
B. module (Ans) D. milling machine
C. clearance 24. A form of key that is used to con_nect
D. circular pitch rods, etc that is subjected to either tension 31. Ability of the material to withstand
or compression or both high-unit stress together with great unit
18. The angle subtended at the center of A. parallel by (Ans) strain:
the base circle from the origin of an B. taper keys A. resilience
involute to the point of tangency of the C. woodruff B. toughness (Ans)
generatrix from any point on the same D. cotter C. malleability
involute.
D. ductility
A. pitch angle 25. Which is not a kind of fit for square and
B. pressure angle rectangular parallel keys and key ways. 32. High speed tool sheets (HSS) are used
C. angle of obliquity A. loose fit (Ans) for the working of metals at high cutting
D. roll angle (Ans) B. force fit speeds. AISI specification include
C. normal fit A. molybdenum types (Ans)
19. A measure of the amount of light D. close fit B. high-carbon type
transmitted through a given material
C. chromium type
A. luminous transmittance 26. Which of the following could be used D. carbon-tungsten type
B. opacity (Ans) for cutting wire ropes?
C. lubricity A. welding electrode (Ans) 33. Effective face width of a helical gear
D. isotropy B. mechanical shears divided by gear axial pitch.
C. abrasive wheel A. face overlap (Ans)
20. Roller chain sprockets have four D. acetylene torch B. teeth overlap
different designs Type D sprockets have
c. land overlap
A. plain plate 27. Cast iron flywheels are commonly D. pitch overlap
B. hub or side only designed with a factor of safety of
C. hub or both side A. 10 to 13 (Ans) 34. Directly hardenable steels are
D. detachable hub (Ans) B. 5 to 8 considered in five groups and the basis s
C. 4 to 8 approximate carbon content. Heat treated
D. 3 to 8
MODULE 11 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN Mf WM

28. The maximum safe rim speeds for solid parts requiring moderate strength and
cast iron pulley is great toughness.
A. 4200fpm A. 0.40 - 0.42%
B. 5000 fpm (Ans) B. 0.30 - 0.37% (Ans)
C. 6500 fpm c. 0.45 - 0.50%
D. 3800fpm D. 1.02%

29. It is a rigid piece of non-elastic 35. The best material fro crane and hoisting
substance which serves to transmit force chain
from one piece to another ort o cause or A. wrought iron (Ans)
control motion: B. cast iron
A. chain C. malleable iron
B. belt drive D. commercial steel
C. link (Ans)
D. shaft 36. An 150 metric thread is designated M8
xl.25 -6g. The thread has a pitch of
30. Machine tools used in the production of A. 0.8 mm
flat surfaces on pieces to lays for a shaper B. 1.25 mm (Ans)
A. turret lathe C. 0.6 mm
B. shaper (Ans) D. 8 x 1.25 mm
C. boring mill
D. milling machine 37. The permissible variation in size of a
dimension
31. Ability of the material to withstand A. tolerance (Ans)
high-unit stress together with great unit B. clearance
strain: C. interference
A. resilience D. allowance
B. toughness (Ans)
C. malleability 38. Center to center distance between
D. ductility sprockets as a general rule shall not be less
than 1 Y, times the diameter of the farge
32. High speed tool sheets (HSS) are used sprocket and not less than __ times the
for the working of metals at high cutting pitch nor more than __ times the pitch.
speeds. AISI specification include A. 20, 40 (Ans)
A. molybdenum types (Ans) B. 30, 50
B. high-carbon type c. 50, 80
C. chromium type D. 10, 30
D. carbon-tungsten type
39. For punching and shearing machinery a
33. Effective face width of a helical gear speed variation of _ _ may be allowed in
divided by gear axial pitch. all flywheel design
A. face overlap (Ans) A. 1to2%
B. teeth overlap B. 5to10%
C. land overlap C. 20% (Ans)
D. pitch overlap D. 50%

34. Directly hardenable steels are 40. For maximum rope life of 6 x 7 the
considered in five groups and the basis is minimum sheave diameter, D in terms of
approximate carbon content. Heat treated the rope diameter is
=
A. 0 72d (Ans)
•••• MACHINE DESI GN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 11 - ELEMENTS IN

B. D =4Sd 47. A nickel alloy whi ch is age-h arde nable A. 42 (Ans)
C. D = 30d wit h good spring and low -sparkling B. 32
D. D =27d properties and slightly m agnet ic afte r heat c. S2
treatment: 0 . SO
41. When ba ked, which alloy does not A. monel
change m uch? B. hast ealloy 54. For an evenly distributed and uniform
A. nickel alloys C. duranickel (Ans) wear on each gear tooth, the ideal design
B. phosphor bronze (Ans) D. inconel practice is t o consider a _ _ .
C. brass A. wear resistance alloy addition to tooth
D. copper 48. The veloci ty of an obje ct divided by the gears
velocity of sound is called B. heat treatment of gears
42. Cast iron flywheels are com mon ly A. microsiso ns number C. hardening of each tooth
61 ~
designed w ith a factor of safety of: B. plan D. hunting tooth addition (Ans)
A. 12 to 16 C. velocity fact or
B. 9 to 10 D. mach number (Ans) SS. Which of the following material is not
C. 9 to 12 used for flat belt pulleys?
0 . 10 to 13 (Ans) 49. It is good pra ctice to use belt pulley A. wood
with faces from B. paper
43. It is recommended not to have direct A. Y. to 2 (Ans) c. cast iron
drive and rive sprocket s fi t eh ratio of their B. Y. to 1 0. brass (Ans)
teeth exceeds ___, use two or more st ep C. 2 to S
combination. D. 1 Y, to4 S6. Ability to resist deformation under
A. lOtimes stress.
B. 8 times (Ans) SO. Heating t o a low t emperatu re in order A. rigidity
C. S t imes t o remove entrained gases B. stiffness (Ans) 0.
D. 6 times A. baking (Ans) c. elasticity 63. J
B. bluing D. malleability
44. Some experiment made at Cornell C. austempering pe
University show ed t hat experienced D. carburizing S7. Driving motors for machine shop A.
mechanic could break a bolt due t o equipment's are designated A, B, C, D, E, F.
t ightening. Sl. Which of the fo llowi ng mat erials h ave Squirrel cage induction motor is designated:
A. 3/8 exce llent abrasion and wear resistance at D.
A. A
B. S/8 elevated t emperatures? B. C (Ans)
~.
C. Y. (Ans) A. chromium C. E
D. 7/16 B. molybdenum D. F
C. ugnadium A.
4S. Which of the following fu rnaces do not D. any of these (Ans) S8. A measure of the ability of the s.
belon g to t he group? environment containing active carbon to c.
A. blast furnace (Ans) S2. Alloy steels w hich is not capable of heat alter or maintain under prescribed D.
B. salt bat h electrode treatm ent an d know n as ch rom ium-nickel conditions, the carbon content of the steel
aust entic stee ls. These only undergoes 6S.
C. reactor furnace exposed to it
sever cold-w orking. A. carbon potential (Ans) A.
D. over or reactor furn ac e
A. SAE SOl OO B. carbon reservation
46. The fact or of saf ety fo r operating rope B. SAE 41SO C. cemetation
is C. SAE 30301 (Ans) D. cold treatment
A. 5 to 12 (Ans) 0 . SAE 103S
S9. The standard thickness adopted by the 66
B. 3 to 4
National Industry Belting Association for a A.
C. greater t han 12 S3. M aterials from w hich screw s and nuts
manufactured have te nsile strength of not B.
D. 2 to 6 single-ply belt is:
less t han _ _ kg/mm 2 for steels. C. ro
A. 13/64 (Ans)
MODULE 11 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN MICA

A. 42 (Ans) B. 20/64
B. 32 c. 30/64
c. 52 0. 34/64
0 . 50
60. For stability, the total combined engine
54. For an evenly distributed and uniform equipment and foundation center of gravity
wear on each gear tooth, the ideal design must be kept:
practice is to consider a _ _ . A. above the foundation
A. wear resistance alloy addition to tooth B. below the machine top (Ans)
gears C. below the foundation top
B. heat treatment of gears D. outside the foundation
C. hardening of each tooth
D. hunting tooth addition (Ans) 61. Large sprockets in roller chain should
not exceed
55. Which of the following material is not A. BOT
used for flat belt pulleys? B. 120T (Ans)
A. wood C. 60T
B. paper 0. lSOT
C. cast iron
0. brass (Ans) 62. Plus or minus of the tolerance is also
called
56. Ability to resist deformation under A. total tolerance
stress. B. unilateral tolerance
A. rigidity C. bilateral tolerance (Ans)
B. stiffness (Ans) 0. none of the above
C. elasticity
D. malleability 63. Dimensions from which variations are
permitted
57. Driving motors for machine shop A. basic dimension (Ans)
equipment's are designated A, B, C, D, E, F. B. nominal size
Squirrel cage induction motor is designated : C. clearance
A. A 0. tolerance
B. C (Ans)
C. E 64. Which gage is used to check the
0. F internal threads?
A. plug gauge
58. A measure of the ability of the B. ring gauge
environment containing active carbon to C. thread plug gauge (Ans)
alter or maintain under prescribed 0. thread ring gauge
conditions, the carbon content of the steel
exposed to it 65. Splined shafts are generally used in
A. carbon potential (Ans) A. machine tools
B. carbon reservation B. aircraft
C. cemetation C. bicycles
D. cold treatment D. automobiles {Ans)

59. The standard thickness adopted by the 66. Splines are used when
National Industry Belting Association for a A. the power to be transmitted is low
single-ply belt is: B. the power to be transmitted is high
A. 13/64 (Ans) C. rom are high
•••• MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 11 - ELEMENTS IN

D. axial relative motion between shaft and C. act as a coolant C. cast iron parts 87.
hub is necessary (Ans) D. to lighten the load D. all of these (Ans) A.
5.
67. In case of sunk key 74. For grinding materials having low 81. What type of bearing that totally c ~

A. the key Is cur in both hub and shaft tensile strength which abrasive is used: encloses the shaft? D.
(Ans) A. silicon carbide (Ans) A. offset bearing
B. the key way is cut in hub only B. aluminum oxide B. central bearing
C. the key way is cut in shaft only C. emery C. babbit bearing
D. the key way is helical along the shaft D. corundum D. full bearing (Ans)

68. Hardened steel parts have: 75. Cold working of materials 82. The function of clutch in the machine
A. fine grains (Ans) A. increase the fatigue strength (Ans) tool is:
B. coarse grains B. decrease the fatigue strength A. lowering the drive speed
C. medium grains C. does not change fatigue strength B. alignment of drive shaft
D. none of the above D. none of the above C. to disconnect or connect at will the
drive (Ans)
69. Difference between the basic 76. A plane perpendicular to the axial plane O. to ensure that two shafts line up at high
dimensions of the mating parts and to the pitch plane. In gears with speed
A. tolerance parallel axis, the transverse plane and the
B. allowance (Ans) plane of rotation coincide. 83. A metal which has a high electrical
C. clearance A. transverse plane (Ans) conductivity but should not be used for high
D. interference B. principal reference plane temperature of metal.
C. pitch plane A. silicon
70. In the selection of wire rope, regular lay D. normal plane B. zinc {Ans)
means wire and strands are arranged in the C. chrome alloy
following manner: 77. What will be the effect in bushing gears D. carbide
A. twisted in same direction without backlash?
B. twisted in any direction A. jamming 84. Finding the resultant of two or more
C. twisted in opposite direction (Ans) B. overheating forces is called:
D. twisted in along direction C. overload A. coplanar forces
D. all of these {Ans) B. non-coplanar forces
71. A babbit is C. couple
A. a eutectic of iron and phosphide 78. In a planer the feed is provided: D. composition of forces (Ans)
B. a gadget for measuring volume A. at forward stroke
C. a measure of magnetic induction B. at return stroke (Ans) 85. In hydrodynamic bearings
produced in a material C. in between forward stroke A. the oil film pressure is generated only
D. antimony bearing lead or tin alloy (Ans) D. in between return stroke by the rotation of the journal (Ans)
B. the oil film is maintained by supplying oil
72. Galvanized iron is term referring to iron 79. In flywheel design, the normal factor of under pressure
coated with: safety is: C. do not need external supply of lubricant
A. aluminum A. 5 to 8 D. grease is used for lubrication S3
B. tin B. 6to 10
C. zinc (Ans) C. 10 to 13 (Ans) 86. Main alloying element in High Speed
0. manganese D. 3 to 5 Steel is: 5 I

A. Chromium C!
73. All are functions of lubricating oil 80. Not adaptable to welding due to B. vanadium D.
except: strength and poor ductility: C. tungsten (Ans)
A. adhesion (Ans) A. copper parts D. nickel 94
B. corrosion prevention B. aluminum parts
s.
MODULE 11 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN Mi+

C. cast iron parts 87. Improves red hardness of steel:
D. all of these (Ans) A. chromium
B. cobalt (Ans)
81. What type of bearing that totally C. boron
encloses the shaft? D. lead
A. offset bearing
B. central bearing 88. The best instrument for measuring a
C. babbit bearing thousand of an inch.
D. full bearing (Ans) A. micrometer (Ans)
8. tachometer
82. The function of clutch in the machine C. caliper
tool is: D. pyrometer
A. lowering the drive speed
B. alignment of drive shaft 89. Range of helix angle on helical gear.
C. to disconnect or connect at will the A. less than 18
drive (Ans) B. 15 - 25 (Ans)
D. to ensure that two shafts line up at high c. 20-35
speed D. 35-40
90. Is the permissible variation of the size
83. A metal which has a high electrical of a dimension:
conductivity but should not be used for high A. tolerance (Ans)
temperature of metal. B. allowance
A. silicon C. clearance
B. zinc (Ans) D. interference
C. chrome alloy
D. carbide 91. When outside diameter of a job is
turned in relation to the internal hole. The
84. Finding the resultant of two or more job should be held:
forces is called: A. in three jaw chuck
A. coplanar forces 8. on lathe mandrel (Ans)
8. non-coplanar forces C. on the face plate
C. couple D. between centers
D. composition of forces (Ans)
92. For the accurate measurement of
85. In hydrodynamic bearings bores, the best instrument is:
A. the oil film pressure Is generated only A. vernier caliper
by the rotation of the journal (Ans) 8. dial test indicator
B. the oil film is maintained by supplying oil C. plug gauge
under pressure D. inside micrometer(Ans)
C. do not need external supply of lubricant
D. grease is used for lubrication 93. For a given rpm, if the diameter of a
twist drill increase, then cutting speed will:
86. Main alloying element in High Speed A. increase {Ans)
Steel is: B. decrease
A. Chromium C. same
B. vanadium D. none of the above
C. tungsten (Ans)
0. nickel 94. Color of pipe for communication:
A. white (Ans)
8. blue
I

---
IFW:M MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 12 - ELEMENTS IN

C. yellow
0. orange MODULE 12
95. Height of tooth above pitch circle or the
radial distance between pitch circle and top 1. 18-8 stainless steel means:
land of the tooth: A. 18% tungsten and 8% chromium
A. top root B. 18% chromium and 8% nickel (Ans)
B. addendum (Ans) C. 18% nickel and 8% chromium
C. land 0. 18% chromium and 8% cobalt
0 . hunting tooth
2. When an external gear is meshed with
96. Which is the lightest metal? an internal gear the gears will rotate in:
A. lead A. same direction (Ans)
B. GI sheet B. opposite direction
C. aluminum (Ans) C. will not rotate
0. cast iron 0. none of the above

3. A usual ratio of soluble oil and water
97. The single force which produces the
same effect upon a body as two or more used in coolant is:
forces acting together is called: A. 1:10
A. resultant force (Ans} B. 10:1
B. coplanar force c. 1:20 (Ans)
C. couple 0. 20:1
0. non-coplanar force
4. While soldering the flux is used because:
A. it assist for quick melting and increasing
98. What is the SAE specification number of
the fluidity of solder
Molybdenum?
A. SAE 2XXX
B. it saves the part form oxidation
C. it takes the molten metal on all surfaces
B. SAE 3XXX
0. all of the above (Ans)
C. SAE 4XXX (Ans)
0. SAE SXXX
5. Muntz metal contains
A. copper-nickel
99. What do you call the distance between
B. copper-zinc (Ans)
adjacent rivets?
C. copper-tin
A. pitch (Ans)
0. copper-aluminum
B. diagonal pitch
C. lead
6. Belt slip will take place because of:
0. none of the above
A. loose load
B. heavy belt
1 100. Involute teeth, the pressure angle is
C. driving pulley too small
often defined as the angle between the line
D. all of the above (Ans)
of action and the line of tangent to thE!
' pitch circle. It is also termed as:
7. Steel that has been deoxidized with
A. helix angle
manganese:
B. angle of recess
A. capped steel
C. angle of obliquity (Ans)
B. rimmed steel (Ans)
0 . arc of action
C. killed steel
D. chrome manganese
MODULE 12 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN .,..
8. In which method a bore is finished to a
MODULE 12 very closed tolerance:
A. lapping
B. honing (Ans)
1. 18-8 stainless steel means: C. grinding
A. 18% tungsten and 8% chromium D. turning
B. 18% chromium and 8% nickel {Ans)
C. 18% nickel and 8% chromium 9. The crest diameter of a screw thread is
D. 18% chromium and 8% cobalt same as
A. major diameter (Ans)
2. When an external gear is meshed with B. pitch diameter
an internal gear the gears will rotate in: C. none of the above
A. same direction (Ans) D. minor diameter
B. opposite direction
C. will not rotate 10. The ability of a metal to resist being
D. none of the above crushed:
A. shearing strength
3. A usual ratio of soluble oil and water B. compressive strength (Ans)
used in coolant is: C. torsional strength
A. 1:10 D. tensile strength
B. 10:1
C. 1:20 (Ans) 11. In making or dimensioning of parts the
D. 20:1 symbol 2.5 plus - minus 0.003 means:
A. bilateral allowance (Ans)
4. While soldering the flux is used because: B. unilateral allowance
A. it assist for quick melting and increasing C. general allowance
the fluidity of solder D. specific allowance
B. it saves the part form oxidation
C. it takes the molten metal on all surfaces 12. Refers to the surface of the gear
D. all of the above (Ans) between the fillets of adjacent teeth :
A. top land
5. Muntz metal contains B. bottom land (Ans)
A. copper-nickel C. pitch
8. copper-zinc (Ans) D. fillet
C. copper-tin
D. copper-aluminum 13. Also called eccentrically loaded bearing:
A. full bearing
6. Belt slip will take place because of: 8. offset bearing (Ans)
A. loose load C. partial bearing
8. heavy belt D. fitted bearing
C. driving pulley too small
D. all of the above (Ans) 14. The distance the helical gear of worm
would thread along its axis in one
7. Steel that has been deoxidized with revolution if it were free to move axially:
manganese: A. lead (Ans)
A. capped steel B. thread
8. rimmed steel (Ans) C. pitch
C. killed steel D. land
D. chrome manganese
MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 12 - ELEMENTS

15. Wh ich does not belong to the group? C. angular moment um C. 55% to 60% (Ans) c -
A. SAE D. impact D. 80% to 90% D
B. AISI
C. SEA II (Ans) 22 . Which of the following is not an iron 29. What tool will be used in making wood 35
D. ASTM ore? pattern in a foundry shop?
A. hematite A. band saw
16. What is the SAE specification number of B. siderite B. drill machine
Molybdenum-chromium-nickel? C. limonite C. saw and chisel (Ans)
A. 48XX D. sulfurite (Ans) D. hammer
B. 47XX (Ans)
C. 46XX 23 . The blow of pressure of a safety valve 30. A type of welding process wherein a
D. 45XX is: mixture fo alum inum powder and met al
A. sl ightly more than atmospheric pressure oxide powder is ignited by a special powder
17. The over arm of a milling machine is B. half of the boiler working pressure in a crucible .
used to support: C. equal to boiler working pressure A. resistance welding
A. spindle D. 106% of the boiler working pressure B. therm it welding (Ans)
B. arbor (Ans) (Ans) C. slug welding
C. column D. plasma arc welding
D. table 24. The amount by which the width of a
tooth space exceeds the thickness of the 31. The deflection of a beam is:
18. The rated life of a bearing changes: engaging tooth on the pitch circle . A. directly proportional to the modulus of
A. directly as load A. backlash (Ans) elasticity and moment of inertia
B. inversely as fourth power of load B. clearance B. inversely proportional to the modulus of
C. inversely as cube of load (Ans) C. undercut elasticity and length of the beam cubed
D. inversely as square of load D. chorda l thickness C. inversely proportional to the modulus
of elasticity and moment of inertia (Ans)
19. In general, the design stress and factor 25 . Taps are resharpened by grinding: D. directly proportional to the load
of safety are related as follows : A. flutes (Ans) imposed and inversely to the length :. 3
A. design stress = ultimate stress times B. threads squared
factor of safety C. diameter
=
B. design stress ultimate stress divided D. relief 32. Poisson's ratio is the ratio of the
by factor of safety (Ans) A. unit lateral deformation to the unit
=
C. factor of safety design stress divided by 26. Concentricity of an outside diameter longitudinal deformation (Ans)
ultimate stress can be checked by: B. unit stress to unit strain
D. ultimate stress = factor of safety divided A. vernier caliper C. elastic limit to proportional limit
by design stress B. outside micrometer D. shear strain to compressive strain
C. dial test indicator (Ans)
20. Curve formed by the pitch of a point of D. tube micrometer 33. The linear portion of a stress-strain
the extension of a circle as it rolls alone a diagram of steel is known as the :
curve or line 27. Steel with 0.8% carbon and 100% A. modulus of elasticity
A. trochoid (Ans) pearlite is known as: B. plastic range
B. involute A. eutectoid (Ans) C. irreversible range
C. spiral B. hypoeutectoid D. elastic range (Ans)
D. cycloid C. hypereutectoid
D. carbide 34. Except for service stairs, the pitch
21. Product of mass and linear velocity is stairways should be between _ _ from
known as: 28. Split pulleys have the ir maximum speed the horizontal.
A. impulse limited to _ _ of solid pulleys of: A. 30 to 30 deg (Ans)
B. linear momentum (Ans) A. 65%to 75% B. 30 to 40 deg
B. 45% to 50%
MODULE 12 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN .,..
C. 55% to 60% (Ans) C. 20 to 45 deg
D. 80% to 90% D. 10 to 40

29. What tool will be used in making wood 35. A combination of resistant bodies so
pattern in a foundry shop? arranged that by their means the
A. band saw mechanical forces of mixture can be
B. drill machine compelled to produce same effect or work
C. saw and chisel (Ans) accompanied with certain determination
D. hammer motion:
A. turbine
30. A type of welding process wherein a B. res istors
mixture fo aluminum powder and metal C. machine (Ans)
oxide powder is ignited by a special powder D. mechanism
in a crucible.
A. resistance welding 36. A vertically loaded, fixed at one end
B. thermlt welding (Ans) and simply supported at the other is
C. slug welding indeterminate to what degree?
D. plasma arc welding A. first (Ans)
B. second
31. The deflection of a beam is: C. third
A. directly proportional to the modulus of D. fourth
elasticity and moment of inertia
B. inversely proportional to the modulus of 37. Roller chain subjected to the stand<lrd
elasticity and length of the beam cubed measuring load are allowed an over-length
C. inversely proportional to the modulus of
of elasticity and moment of inertia (Ans) A. 1/54 inch/foot
D. directly proportional to the load B. 1/84 inch/foot (Ans)
imposed and inversely to the length C. 3/8 inch/foot
squared D. 1/60 inch/foot

32 . Poisson's ratio is the ratio of the 38. What does the Charpy impact test
A. unit lateral deformation to the unit measure?
longitudinal deformation (Ans) I. the energy required to break a test
B. unit stress to unit strain sample
C. elastic limit to proportional limit II. the strength of a test sample
D. shear strain to compressive strain Ill. the ductile to brittle transition
point of metals
33. The linear portion of a stress·strain A. I only
diagram of steel is known as the: B. II only
A. modulus of elasticity C. I and II
B. plastic range D. I and Ill (Ans)
C. irreversible range
D. elastic range (Ans) 39. Poisson's ratio is principally used in
A. the determination of capability of a
34. Except for service stairs, the pitch material for being shaped
stairways should be between from B. the determination of capacity of a
the horizontal. material for plastic deformation without
A. 30 to 30 deg (Ans) fracture
B. 30 to 40 deg
.,•. MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 12 - ELEMENTS

C. stress-strain relationships where stress A. increase at twice the rate area of the SO. That property of a material that permits
are applied in more than one direction metal increases it to be only slightly deformed without
{Ans) B. increase at the same rate as the area of rupture
D. the determ ination of the modulu s of the metal increases {Ans) A. ductility
toughness C. stay the same B. brittleness (Ans)
D. decrease at the same rate as the area C. toughness
40. The maximum stress induced in a increases D. resilience
material when subjected to alternating or
repeated loading without causing failure: 46. The stress concentration factor 51. Ability of a material to sustain large
A. elasticity A. is a ratio of the average stress on a permanent deformation in compression:
B. endurance stress (Ans) section to the allowable stress A. ductility
C. yield stress B. cannot be evaluated for brittle materials B. bucking
D. ultimate strength C. is the ratio of areas involved in a sudden C. bearing
change of cross section D. malleability (Ans)
41. Angle plate is made of: D. is the ratio of the maximum stress
A. closed grain cast iron (Ans) produced in a cross section to the average 52. The ratio of the moment of inertia of
B. cast steel stress over the section (Ans) the cross section of a beam to the section
C. tool steel modulus is:
D. high speed steel 47. Subjecting a substance to a high A. equal to the radius of gyration
temperature below the fusion port, usually B. equal to the area of the cross section
42 . The linear portion of the stress-strain to make it friable: C. a measure of distance (Ans)
diagram of steel is known as the A. calcinations (Ans) D. multiplied by the bending moment to
A. modulus of elongation B. fusion determine the stress
B. plastic range C. boiling
C. irreversible range D. forging 53. When an air entrainment agent is
D. elastic range (Ans) introduced into a concrete mix
48. Modulus of Resilience is A. the strength will increase
43. An operation of sizing and finishing a A. the same as the modulus of elasticity B. the strength will decrease (Ans)
hole by means of a cutting tool having B. a measure of a materials ability to store C. the strength will not be affected
several cutting edges strain energy (Ans) D. the water/cement ratio must be
A. planning C. the reciprocal of the modulus of reduced from 10-15%
B. reaming (Ans) elasticity
C. boring D. a measure of the strain induced in a 54. The three moment equation may be
D. drilling member due to a change in temperature used to analyze
A. a continuous beam (Ans)
44. Arc of the pitch circle through when a 49. Young's modulus of elasticity for a B. a beam loaded at the third points
tooth travels from its contact relative material can be calculated indirectly from C. a step tapered column
mating tooth at the pitch where in contact which of the following properties of the D. a three element composite beam
ceases. material?
A. arc of action A. temperature coefficient of expansion 55. Which micrometer has no anvil?
B. arc of approach and dielectric constant A. outside micrometer
C. arc of contact B. temperature coefficient of expansion B. depth micrometer {Ans)
D. arc of recess (Ans) and specific heat C. screw thread micrometer
C. density and velocity of sound in the D. digit micrometer
45. A thin homogenous metallic plate material (Ans)
containing a hole is heated sufficiently to D. density and interatomic soaking in the 56. A stud is which
cause expansion. If the coefficient of material A. have threads on one end
surface expansion is linear, the area of the B. require a nut
hole will : C. inserted in a plane hole
D. none of the above (Ans)
MODULE 12 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN .,..
50. That property of a material that permits 57. A kind of chuck which has reversible
it to be only slightly deformed without laws which could be adjusted properly
rupture A. universal chuck
A. ductility B. chuck Connors
B. brittleness (Ans) C. chuckle chuck
C. toughness 0. independent chuck (Ans)
0 . resilience
58. Principal stresses occur on those planes
51. Ability of a material to sustain large A. where the shearing stress is zero (Ans)
permanent deformation in compression: B. which are 45° apart
A. ductility C. where the shearing stress is a maximum
B. bucking 0. which are subjected only to compression
C. bearing
0. malleability (Ans) 59. According to the PSME Code, for safety
purposes, stairs, platforms, and landing
52. Th e ratio of the moment of inertia of shall sustain not less than 500 kg and with a
the cross section of a beam to the section factor of safety of:
modulus is: A. 3
A. equal to the radius of gyration B. 10
B. equal to the area of the cross section C. 4 (Ans)
C. a measure of distance (Ans) 0. 5
0. multiplied by the bending moment to
determine the stress 60. Tool which when pressed int9 a
finished hole in a piece of work provide
53. When an air entrainment agent is centers on which the piece may be turned
introduced into a concrete mix or otherwise machined.
A. the strength will increase A. spindle
B. the strength will decrease (Ans) B. clock
C. the strength will not be affected C. mandrel (Ans)
0. the water/cement ratio must be 0 . jaws
reduced from 10-15%
61. RC 50 chain is a chain of normal
54. The three moment equation may be proportion its pitch is
used to analyze A. 5/8 deg (Ans)
A. a continuous beam (Ans) B. 7/8 deg
B. a beam loaded at the third points C. 5/16 deg
C. a step tapered column 0. cannot be determined
0. a three element composite beam
62. Foundation depth may be taken as
55. Which micrometer has no anvil? _ _ _ times the engine stroke when
A. outside micrometer engine have few cylinders and situated on
B. depth micrometer (Ans) less firm soil.
C. screw thread micrometer A. 3.2
D. digit micrometer B. 4.2 (Ans)
c. 2.4
56. A stud is which 0 . 2.3
A. have threads on one end
B. require a nut 63. The differential of the shear equation is
C. inserted in a plane hole which one of the following?
0. none of the above (Ans) A. load on the beam (Ans)
MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 12 - ELEMENTS

B. tensile strength of beam 70. When a metal is cold worked all of the 77. The jaws of a leg vise are opened:
C. bending moment of the beam following generally occur except: A. parallel to each other
D. slope of the elastic curve A. recrystallization temperature decreases B. in V form (Ans)
B. ductility decreases C. in a and b both
64. In which screw thread the side width of C. grains become equi-axed (Ans) D neither a nor b
flat= width of space= O.Sp: D. tensile strength increase
A. knuckle 78. In case of a limit plug gauge which size
B. buttress 71. Which part of the file is not hardened? will not enter into the hole:
C. square (Ans) A. tang (Ans) A. GO size
D. acme B. body B. a and b both
C. crest C. NOT GO size (Ans)
65. The outbreak of fire can be avoided by D. point D. none of the above
preventing:
A. fuel 72. Steels can be strengthened by all of the 79. The modulus of rigidity of a steel
B. heat following practices, except: member is:
C. oxygen A. annealing (Ans) A. a function of the length and depth
D. any of the above (Ans) B. quenching and tempering B. defined as the unit shear stress divided
C. work hardening by the unit shear deformation (Ans)
66. The softening of metal by heat- D. grain refinement C. equal to the modulus of elasticity
treatment must commonly consist of divided by one plus Poisson's ratio
heating the metals up to near molten state 73. Minimum size of foundation bolts D. defined as the length divided by the
and then cooling them slowly: A. 3mm moment of inertia
A. annealing (Ans) B. lOmm
B. quenching C. 12 mm (Ans) 80. Short shaft
C. cold working D. 14 mm A. axis
D. pickling B. spindle (Ans)
74. Generally spiral fluted reamer has C. snout
67. A kind of bolt which has no head and spirals of: D. propeller shaft
instead has thread on both ends: A. left hand (Ans)
A. carriage bolt B. right hand 81. The relationship between the extensic
B. stub bolt (Ans) C. straight of a spring and the force required to
C. Philip screw D. none of the above produce the extension is:
D. counter bolt A. F = ma
2
75. The new hacksaw blade should not be B. F = (mv )/R
68. In case of a flat scraper, the depth of used in old cut because: C. F = me
cut is verified by: A. the blade is very costly D. F = kx (Ans)
A. changing the convexity of the cutting B. the blade have very sharp teeth
edge C. the space is not sufficient to play the 82. Defined as an undesirable sound
B. changing its inclination (Ans) new blade in the old cut (Ans) A. noise (Ans)
C. changing its weight D. none of the above B. chatter
D. none of the above C. music
76. A structure which supports the moving D. crash
69. For general work the cutting angle of a parts and regulates the path, or kind of
cold flat chisel is ground at an angle of motion of some of the parts. 83 . Soil bearing pressure as used n
A. 80 deg A. body foundation has an average safe load of
B. post 2
B. 70 deg A. 12,225 kg/m (Ans)
c. 60 deg (Ans) C. frame (Ans) B. 10,450 kg/m
2

D. 35 deg D. foundation c. 15,222 kg/m 2
2
D. 21,522 kg/m
MODULE 12 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN MfWM

77. The jaws of a leg vise are opened: 84. The process of producing a variety of
A. parallel to each other surfaces by using a circular type cutter with
B. in V form (Ans) multiple teeth .
C. in a and b both A. grinding
0 neither a nor b B. turning
C. milling (Ans)
78. In case of a limit plug gauge which size 0. welding
will not enter into the hole:
A. GO size 85 . The area of the shear diagram of a
B. a and b both beam between any two points on the beam
C. NOT GO size (Ans) is equal to the
0. none of the above A. change in shear between the two points
B. total shear beyond the two points
79. The modulus of rigidity of a steel C. average moment between the two
member is: points
A. a function of the length and depth 0. change in moment between the two
B. defined as the unit shear stress divided points (Ans)
by the unit shear deformation (Ans)
C. equal to the modulus of elasticity 86. To prevent pulling out of the bolts
divided by one plus Poisson' s ratio when nuts are tightened the length
0 . defined as the length divided by the embedded in concrete should be equal to at
moment of inertia least:
A. 20 times bolt diameter
80. Short shaft B. 30 times bolt diameter (Ans)
A. axis C. SO t imes bolt diameter
B. spindle (Ans) 0. 80 times bolt diameter
C. snout
0. propeller shaft 87. For workrooms (maintenance shop and
machine room) shall at least have a height
81. The relationship between the extension from floor to ceiling of:
of a spring and the force required to A. 1000 mm
produce the extension is: B. 2000mm
A. F= ma C. 3000 mm (Ans)
B. F =(mv )/R
2
0. lSOOmm
C. F = me
0. F = kx (Ans) 88. The square head of a combination set is
used for making or check ing the angles:
82. Defined as an undesirable sound A. 90 deg only
A. noise (Ans) B. 45 deg only
B. chatter C. 90 and 45 deg (Ans)
C. music 0. 180 deg only
0. crash
89. Hardened steel parts have :
83 . Soil bearing pressure as used in A. fine grains (Ans)
foundation has an average safe load of B. coarse grains
2
A. 12,225 kg/m (Ans) C. medium grains
2
B. 10,450 kg/m 0. none of the above
C. 15,222 kg/m 2
D. 21,522 kg/m 2 90. Which is the lightest metal?
A. lead
MfW:I MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 13 - ELEMENTS

B. GI sheet 0 sum of the moments of all external
C. aluminum (Ans)
0. cast iron
forces between supports MODULE 13
97. The effect of setting a lathe tool a small
91. Which micrometer is available with 1. The kind of center which is being
amount below the center of the work is to
extension rods: attached and meshed to the tailstock
A. increase the rake angle
A. outside micrometer spindle is also static while the work is
B. decrease the rake angle
B. inside micrometer (Ans) C. cut with negative rake (Ans) rotating is
C. screw thread micrometer A. dead center (Ans)
0. leave the rake angle unaltered
0. combi micrometer B. live center
C. focal center
98. A combination of resistant bodies so
92 . Which gauge is used to check the D. work center
arranged that the motion of one compels
internal threads: the motion of the others .
A. plug gauge A. gears
2. The ratio of the stress on an elastic
B. ring gauge substance to the decrease in volume per
B. cams
C. thread plug gauge (Ans) C. mechanism (Ans) unit volume
0 . thread ring gauge 0. machine A. bulk modulus (Ans)
B. Poisson's ratio
93. Concentricity of an outside diameter 99. Which of the following is not a method C. volumetric ratio
can be checked by: of non-destructive testing of steel castings
D. modulus of resilience
A. vernier caliper and forgings?
3. The minimum ultimate tensile strength
B. outside micrometer A. radiography
of No. 41 lightweight machinery chain is
C. dial test indicator (Ans) B. magnetic particle
0. tube micrometer C. ultrasonic A. 2000 lb
B. 1000 lb (Ans)
0. chemical analysis (Ans)
94. Which of the following do not belong to
c. 1800 lb
D. 2500 lb
the group? 100. A body rotating or oscillating about an
A. TIG axis
4. It is an elastic body or resilient member
B. MIG A. pendulum
whose primary function is to deflect or
C. hardening (Ans) B. cam
distort under load:
0. soldering C. crank (Ans)
A. beam
0. shaft
B. rubber
95. The slenderness ratio of a column 1s
C. column
generally defined as the ratio of its
0. spring (Ans)
A. length to its minimum width
B. unsupported length to its maximum
5. The stress in an elastic material is
radius of gyration
A. inversely proportional to the material's
C. length to its moment of inertia
yield strength
0. unsupported length to its least radius of
B. inversely proportional to the force acting
gyration (Ans) C. proportional to the displacement of the
material acted upon by the force (Ans)
96. The moment at a section of beam is 0. inversely proportional to the strain
derived from the
A. sum of the moments of all external 6. Structural steel elements subjected to
forces on one side of the section (Ans) torsion develop
B. difference between the moments on one A. tensile stress
side of the section and the opposite side B. compressive stress
C. sum of the moments of all external C. shearing stress (Ans)
forces on both sides of the section 0 . moment
MODULE 13 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN MiMM

7. The 3 most commonly used cam and
MODULE 13 follower system are radial and offset
translating roller follower and roller
follower.
1. The kind of center which is being A. reversing
attached and meshed to the tailstock B. pulsating
spindle is also static while the work is C. swinging (Ans)
rotating is 0 . actuating
A. dead center (Ans)
B. live center 8. Type of high carbon and alloy used in
C. focal center production of precision work tools.
D. work center A. chrome-manganese
B. high speed
2. The ratio of the stress on an elastic C. high speed
substance to the decrease in volume per O. chrome-molybdenum (Ans)
unit volume
A. bulk modulus (Ans) 9. Recommended hardness of pmron for
B. Poisson's ratio helical/herringbone gear tooth should be
C. volumetric ratio _ _ BHN point header flees the gear.
D. modulus of resilience A. 50-59
B. 48-65
3. The minimum ultimate tensile strength C. 40 - SO (Ans)
of No. 41 lightweight machinery chain is 0 . 30-60
A. 2000 lb
B. 1000 lb (Ans) 10. Fast process of analyzing all elements
c. 1800 lb and chemical components of steel casting.
0 . 2500 lb A. pyrometer
B. carbon analyzer
4. It is an elastic body or resilient member C. wet analyzer
whose primary function is to deflect or D. spectrometer (Ans)
distort under load :
A. beam 11. In small quantity this alloy is effective
B. rubb~r for improving strength at high temperature.
C. column A. chromium
0. spring (Ans) B. manganese
C. selenium
5. The stress in an elastic material is O. molybdenum (Ans)
A. inversely proportional to the material' s
yield strength 12. Which of the following is not a kind of
B. inversely proportional to the force acting mandrel?
C. proportional to the displacement of the A. expanded
material acted upon by the force (Ans) B. extended
O. inversely proportional to the strain C. contraction (Ans)
D. taper
6. Structural steel elements subjected to
torsion develop 13. The ratio of the arc of action to circular
A. tensile stress pitch or length of action to base pitch.
B. compressive stress A. approach ratio
C. shearing stress (Ans) B. contact ratio (Ans)
D. moment
.,.. MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 13 - ELEMENTS

C. arc of ratio 21. Top surface joining two sides of thread 28. Not part of the headstock.
D. arc of approach in screw. A. back gear
A. pitch B. anvil (Ans)
14. A cutting tool angle between the side B. top flank C. spindle
cutting edge and the plane perpendicular to C. top land D. motor
direction of feed travel is __ angle. D. crest (Ans)
A. side relief 29. A lathe carriage part that bridge across
B. side cutting edge 22. The frictional forces depends on the bed to carry the cross slide and too
C. lead (Ans) coefficient of friction and: rest.
D. side rake A. torque A. automatic feed
B. weight of object B. compound rest
15. The surface between the pitch circle C. normal force (Ans) C. apron
and bottom land. D. moment D. saddle (Ans)
A. line of action
B. flank of tooth (Ans) 23. The number of cycles required to cause 30. Screw thread projecting fro m a
C. bottom land failure for given stress level. cylindrical surface.
D. face of top land A. endurance A. thread series
B. fatique B. straight thread (Ans)
16. A section in a machine shop operation. C. fatique life (Ans) C. thread shear area
A. coremaking D. rupture D. taper thread
B. machining (Ans)
C. fitting 24. The tool blade made of tool blank 31. Vertex distance is a term used in _ _
D. pattern consists of face, nose, shank, and ~· gearing.
A. cutting edge A. spiral
17. Test showed that steel pulleys has less B. none of these B. bevel (Ans)
slippage than that of cast iron pulleys in C. round nose C. worm
rang of: D. base (Ans) D. zerol
A. 1.8- 2.6
B. 1.8-2.8 25. The cutting tool used in the shaper are 32. Two or more forces acting togetl>e•
C. 2.35 - 2.7 (Ans) similar to turning tools of _ _ _ machine. could be replaced by a single force with
D. 2.0-2.8 A. planer (Ans) same effect in a mass.
B. broaching A. couple forces
18. The bottom surface joining two sides of C. boring B. resultant (Ans)
thread in screw. D. lathe C. resolution of forces
A. pitch D. concurrent forces
B. crest 26. The blades for hacksaw have number of
C. bottom land teeth range of: 33. What is the recommended cutt· 6
D. root (Ans) A. 15 - 38 tooth/in speed range for bronze in fpm?
B. 14 - 32 tooth/in (Ans) A. 60/70
19. Shear modulus is also: C. 12 - 30 tooth/in B. 80/60
A. shear elasticity D. 12 - 32 tooth/in C. 200/250 (Ans)
B. Poisson's ratio D. 100/110
C. modulus of elasticity 27. The safeguard in minimum of _ __
D. modulus of rigidity (Ans) mm in height for the use as toe guard/toe 34. Type of leather belt being applied
board. waterproof cement.
20. To prevent leakage in dynamic seal: A. 165 A. combination of oak/mineral tanned
A. gaskets B. 135 B. all of these (Ans)
B. seals C. 150 (Ans) C. oak tanned
C. packings (Ans) D. 120 D. mineral tanned
D. felts
MODULE 13 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN M€6M

28. Not part of the headstock. 35. For gear cutting which cutter is used :
A. back gear A. end miff cutter
B. anvil (Ans) 8 . plain milling cutter
C. spindle C. form relieve cutter (Ans)
D. motor D. all of the above

29. A lathe carriage part that bridge across 36. A two or more drilling machine spindles
the bed to carry the cross slide and tool that are located/positioned vertically over a
rest. table is called:
A. automatic feed A. team drill
8. compound rest 8. gang drill (Ans)
C. apron C. turret drill
D. saddle (Ans) D. drills

30. Screw thread projecting from a 37. Cam in general may be divided into two
cylindrical surface. classes: uniform motion cam and
A. thread series motion cam.
8. straight thread (Ans) A. reverse
C. thread shear area 8. decelerated
D. taper thread C. gravity
D. accelerated (Ans)
31. Vertex distance is a term used in
gearing. 38. For ordinary turning, drilling and milling
A. spiral on low strength steel the cutting fluid
8. bevel (Ans) applied have soluble oil with consistency of
C. worm 1 part oil to __ parts water.
D. zerol A. 10 to 30
8. 10
32. Two or more forces acting together C. 5 to 10
could be replaced by a single force with the D. 10 to 20 (Ans)
same effect in a mass.
A. couple forces 39. A flanged coupling is:
8. resultant (Ans) A. used for non-collinear shafts
C. resolution of forces 8. used for collinear shafts (Ans)
D. concurrent forces C. flexible
D. used only on small rotating at low speeds
33. What is the recommended cutting
speed range for bronze in fpm? 40. Which of the following quick return
A. 60/70 mechanism is most widely used in most of
8. 80/60 the slotters?
C. 200/250 (Ans) A. whitworth mechanism (Ans)
D. 100/110 8. slotter disc mechanism
C. hydraulic mechanism
34. Type of leather belt being applied with D. slotter link and gear mechanism
waterproof cement.
A. combination of oak/mineral tanned 41. To prevent engine vibration to affect
8. all of these (Ans) the surrounding area, it is a standard
C. oak tanned practice to isolate the engine and its
D. mineral tanned foundation by at least _ _ mm.
A. 30
.,•. MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 13 - ELEMENTS

24
B. 20 B. Petroleum oil (Ans) C. 6 x 10 (Ans)
18
C. 25 (Ans) C. moly slip D. 5 x 10
D. 36 D. heavy grease
54. Type D sprocket has _ _ hub.
42. It is the drill backbone which run the 48. In the SAE identification code of steel A. left sides
entire length of the drill between plates and shafting, the 3'd and 4th digits represents B. two sides (Ans)
sides rigidity to the entire drill. the contents of: C. no
A. drill drift A. % manganese of steel D. one side
B. shank B. % alloy of alloy elements
C. tang C. % carbon content (Ans) 55. Type A sprocket has_ hub.
D. web (Ans) D. % of chromium of steel A. left side
B. two sides
43. Grout material use under the machine 49. The minimum recommended worm C. no (Ans)
bed and foundation surface should be: pitch diameter is Y. in and minimum is __ D. one side
A. 1 part cement and Y, part screened sand in.
and Y. part of gypsum A. 1 Y. in 56. An RC 40, roller chain has a pitch of:
B. 1 part cement and 1 part screened sand B. 2 Y. in A. Y. in
(Ans) C. 3 in B. Y. in (Ans)
C. 1 part cement and 1 part screened sand D. 2 in (Ans) C. 1/8 in
and Y. part gypsum D. 7/8 in
D. 1 part cement and Y, part screened and 50. Drift is used by lathe operator to
Y, part stone remove the taper hole. It is also called 57 . Which of the following combustion a·
has a property of resilience?
44. It is recommended to apply whenever A. tang A. grease
possible to use of six (6) arms for gear up to B. morse taper B. graphite electrode
10 ft in diameter and for larger diameter C. chuck taper C. rubber (Ans)
use: 0. tapered key (Ans) D. graphite powder
A. 7 pairs or more
B. 14 Sl . At a given section of an I beam the 58. Nano is an exact opposite of:
6
C. 8 or more (Ans) maximum bending stress occurs at the A. 10
D. lOor more B. micro
A. maximum shear stress area C. giga (Ans)
45. The acceleration of the point of contact B. neutral axis o. pico
is: C. web joint near the flange
2
A. rv D. outermost fiber (Ans) 59. A micrometer measured by:
8
B. rw 2 A. 10
C. V2/r (Ans) 52. The process of increasing the carbon B. root means square
2
D. w /V content to the surface of steel by exposing C. millions of inch
it to hot carbonaceous material above o. thousands of an inch (Ans)
46. For a single universal joint, shaft angle transformation temperature of 16SO to
should be _ _ degrees maximum and 1750°F. 60. Piping color for electrical?
much less if on high rotational speed. A. carbonitriding A. blue
A. 12 B. casehardening B. light-orange (Ans)
B. 16 C. carburizing (Ans) C. white
C. 15 (Ans) 0. induction hardening O. red
D. 14
53. Find the weight of the earth if the 61. The catwalk standard that is requ rec
47. The recommended lubricant for the radius of the earth is 6400 km. for cleaning an engine that can be founo •-
20
chain drive operation. A. 9x10 any power plant or power generating U" ts:
19
A. SAE 4140 B. 8 x 10 A. 24 in
MODULE 13 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN Mi#W

C. 6 x 102• (Ans) B. 22 In (Ans)
18
D. 5 x 10 C. 23 in
D. 25 in
54. Type O sprocket has _ _ hub .
A. left sides 62 . It is ideal for maximum quietness in
B. two sides (Ans) sprocket drive to choose ___ or more
C. no teeth.
0 . one side A. 25
B. 26
55. Type A sprocket has _ hub. C. 27 (Ans)
A. left side 0. 28
B. two sides
C. no (Ans) 63 . Consider a maxim um safe center
0. one side distance of sprocket s should be _ _
pitches. Very long center distance ca use
56. An RC 40, roller chain has a pitch of: catenary tension in the cha in.
A. Y. in A. 70
B. X in (Ans) B. 80 (Ans)
C. 1/8 in (. 90
D. 7/8 in D. 100

57 . Which of the following combustion that 64. Extra flexible hosting rope application is
has a property of resilience?
A. grease A. 6x17
B. graphite electrode B. 6 x9
C. rubber (Ans) C. 6 x 37 (Ans)
D. graphite powder D. 6 x 21

58. Nano is an exact opposite of: 65. Deals only with the motion of bodies
A. 106 without reference to the forces that cause
B. micro them :
C. giga (Ans) A. kinetics
D. pico B. kinematics (Ans)
C. motion
59. A micrometer measured by: D. acceleration
A. 108
B. root means square 66. The ru le of thumb in journal bearing
C. millions of inch design, the clearance ratio/clearance should
0 . thousands of an inch (Ans) be:
A. 0.1001
60. Piping color for electrical? B. 0.0101
A. blue (. 0.0110
B. light-orange (Ans) 0. 0.0010 (Ans)
C. white
D. red 67. A machine element to connect or
disconnect shafts at will is called
61. The catwalk standard that is requ ired A. clutch (Ans)
for cleaning an engine that can be found in B. bearing
any power plant or power generating units: C. brake shaft
A. 24 in D. lock shaft
.,.. MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO MODULE 13 - ELEMENTS

68. Torsional deflection is a significant B. light orange (Ans) 80. A machining operation in which flat
consideration in the design of shaft and the C. green surfaces are produced and the tool that
limit should be in the range of _ __ D. wh ite travels and not the workpiece.
degree/ft of length . A. planning
A. 0.004 to 0.006 75. To be responsible charge for the B. tapping
B. 0.006 to 0.008 preparation of plans, designs, C. shaping (ANS)
C. 0.08 to 1 (Ans) investigations, valuation, technical reports, D. broaching
D. 0.008 to 1 specifications, project studies or estimates,
he must be a _ _ __ 81 . In shaping, the term for cutting is done
69. The property that characterizes a A. ME and CPM during forward movement of the ram is:
material's ability to be drawn into a wire: B. PME (Ans) A. push cut (ANS)
A. plasticity C. CPM B. crew cut
B. elasticity D. ME C. draw cut
C. ductility (Ans) D. under cut
D. utility 76. A type of milling machine that are
similar to vertical milling machines and are 82. In shaping, the term for cutting during
70. To avoid brittleness of weld or the equipped with one or more heads for face- the return stroke of the ram is:
residual stress in the welding, it is normally milling operations. A. push cut
stress relieved of _ _ _ A. Universal column-and knee milling B. crew cut
A. quenching machines C. draw cut (ANS)
B. normalizing B. Rotary-table milling machines (ANS) D. under cut
C. tempering (Ans) C. Plain milling machines
D. drawing D. Bed-type milling machines 83. A type of machine used to machine
notches, keyways, and dies.
71. The distance from a point on a screw 77 . A type of milling machine which have A. universal shaper
thread to a corresponding point on the next five axes of movement. B. skippers
measure along the axis. A. Profile milling machines (ANS) C. standard milling
A. radial B. Standard column-and knee milling D. slotters (ANS)
B. module machines
C. thickness C. Plain milling machines 84. Another term for slotters is:
D. pitch (Ans) D. Bed-type milling machines A. horizontal shaper
B. broaching machine
72. Designated pipe color used in 78. The accessory that has been used most C. vertical shaper (ANS)
communication. common ly and is manually operated that D. sawing
A. green rotates the workpiece to specified angles
B. light blue between individual machin ing steps. 85. A machining operation sim lar -::
C. white (Ans) A. Universal dividing head (ANS) shaping with a long multiple-tooth cut:er
D. light orange B. CNC and is used to machine interna a :
C. flexible head external surfaces.
73 . Stress relieving is also _ _ for the D. cross-rail A. broaching (ANS)
purpose of reducing the internal stress of B. honing
steel material/metal. 79. A machining operation by which flat C. sawing
A. quenching surfaces are produced along the length of D. tapping
B. normalizing the workpiece. The workpiece is mounted
C. tempering (Ans) on a table that travels back and forth along 86. An operation in wh ich the cutting • -=
D. drawing a straight path. is blade having a series of small teeth.
A. broaching A. cutting
74. Designated pipe color used in B. milling B. striking
electricity. C. planning (ANS) C. sawing (ANS)
A. light blue D. sawing D. grinding
MODULE 13 - ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN .,..
80. A machining operation in which flat 87. In sawing, another term for w idth-of-
surfaces are produced and the tool that cut is;
travels and not the workpiece. A. cork
A. planning B. wave
B. tapping C. raker
C. shaping (ANS) D. kerf (ANS)
D. broaching
88. A type of saw ha vi ng straight blad es
81. In shaping, the term for cutting is done and reciprocating motions.
during forward movement of the ram is; A. cold saws
A. push cut (ANS) B. band saws
B. crew cut C. hacksaws (ANS)
C. draw cut D. stuff saws
D. under cut
89. A type of saw having a blade of usually
82. In shaping, the term for cutting during 1.2 to 2.5 mm thick and up t o 610 mm long.
t he return stroke of the ram is; A. band saws
A. push cut B. power hacksaw (ANS)
B. crew cut C. circular saws
C. draw cut (ANS) D. contour saws
D. under cut
90. A type of saw in wh ich the blades are
83. A type of machine used to machine thinner and shorter than power hack~aw
notches, keyways, and dies. blades, which have as many as 1.2 teeth per
A. universal shaper mm for sawing sheet metal and th in tubing.
B. skippers A. motor hacksaw
C. standard milling B. cold saws
D. slotters (ANS) C. hand hacksaw (ANS)
0 . hot saws
84. Another term for slotters is :
A. horizontal shaper 91 . A type of saw used for high-production-
B. broaching machine rate sawing.
C. vertical shaper (ANS) A. hot saws
D. sawing B. circular saws (ANS)
C. fast saw
85. A machining operation similar to D. jack saws
shaping w ith a long mult iple-tooth cutter
and is used to machine internal and 92. Another term for high-production-rate
external surfaces. sawing process is ;
A. broaching (ANS) A. backing off
B. honing B. high rating
C. sawing C. cutting off (ANS)
D. tapping D. none of the above

86. An operation in which the cutting tool 93 . A type of saw having continuous, long,
is blade having a series of small teeth. and flexible blades.
A. cutting A. band saws (ANS)
B. striking B. high-speed saws
C. sawing (ANS) C. circular saws
D. grinding D. vertical saws
MODULE 14 - ELEMENTS
MACHINE DESIGN REVIEWER BY J AS TORDILLO

94. A sawing process in which a mild-steel
blade or disk rubs against the workpiece at
speeds of up to7600 m/min.
A. tack sawing
C. pinion cutter
D. gear hob

100. In gear making, a gear as produced by
MODULE 14
(ME Bd. Oct 2006)
I:
B. contour sawing any of the processes, the surface finish and 1. Cutting a hole by means of rotating too
C. friction sawing (ANS) dimensional accuracy of gear teeth may not or the work may revolve and the too
D. mild sawing be sufficient for certain applications. What remain fixed as in the lathe.
do you call the process to improve the A. Taping
9S. An operation of small-scale removal of surface quality of the gears? B. Billing
material from a surface, corner, edge or A. shaving C. Soldering
hole - including the removal of burrs. B. burnishing O. Boring (ANS)
A. sawing C. all of these (ANS)
B. machining D. lapping (ME Bd . Oct 2006)
C. filing (ANS) 2. Recommended best cutting angle of o
D. broaching for work on steel or cast iron is _ __
degrees.
96. A method in making gear teeth in which A. 48
the cutting tool is similar to a form-mill ing B. 63
cutter made in the shape of the space C. 59 (ANS)
between the gear teeth and the gear-tooth D. SO
shape is reproduced by machining the gear
blank around its periphery. (ME Bd. Oct 2006)
A. gear generating 3. A lathe with multiple cutting stations:
B. rack shaping A. Turret lathe {ANS)
C. form cutting (ANS) B. Lathe machine
D. gear hob c. Milling machine
D. Grinding machine
97. A method in making gear in which the
cutting tool used is pinion-shaped cutter: (ME Bd. Apr 2006)
A. form cutting 4. A furnace in melting non-ferrous me
B. broaching A. Cupola furnace
C. hob gear B. Crucible furnace (ANS)
0. gear generating (ANS) C. Induction furnace
D. Tempering furnace
98. A cutting tool used in gear generating
which is basically a gear-cutting worm, or (ME Bd. Apr 2006)
screw made by a series of longitudinal slots s. What is/are the common cutting -
or gashes machined into it to form the used for cutting metals?
cutting teeth. A. Water with soda or borax
A. pinion shaped cutter B. Light mineral oil
B. rack shaper c. Soluble oil
C. hob (ANS) o. All of these (ANS)
D. gear tooth
(ME Bd. Apr 2006)
99. A cutting tool used in gear generating in 6. All associated w ith standa rd r.-:a~ -
which the generating tool is a segment of a specification, EXCEPT:
rack which reciprocates parallel to the axis A. American Iron and Steel Jnstiti..·e
of the gear blank. B. Southeast Asia Iron and Stee
A. rack shaper (ANS) {ANS)
B. milling cutter